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تقلب = Adulteration
adulteration, mixing other matter of an inferior with cosmetics = تقلب، اضافه کردن مواد بی کیفیت و گاهی خطرناک به محصولات آرایشی برای سود بیشتر

adulteration = تقلب، اضافه کردن مواد بی کیفیت و گاهی خطرناک به محصولات آرایشی برای سود بیشتر

جاذب = Absorbent
absorbent = جاذب، جذب کننده، ماده ای که جذب می کند.

آکنه = Acne
acne = آکنه، جوش، بیماری پوستی که با التهاب مزمن غدد سبابه مشخص می شود و در اثر فعالیت بیش از حد غدد سبابه و تغییرات هورمونی ایجاد می شود.
P acnes = باکتری پی آکنه
sun acne = آکنه خورشیدی
acne cyst = آکنه کیستی، کیست آکنه
acne pits = اسکارهای چاله مانند که در اثر آکنه ایجاد می شوند.
anti acne = آنتی آکنه، ضد جوش
Late acne = آکنه دیرهنگام
acne cream = کرم آکنه، کرم های صورت حاوی مواد دارویی یا ترکیباتی که برای درمان آکنه استفاده می شوند.
acne prone = مستعد آکنه
acne scars = اسکار آکنه، فرورفتگی یا برآمدگی های ایجاد شده روی سطح پوست در اثر عدم درمان به موقع آکنه
Acne tarda = آکنه بزرگسالی
adult acne = آکنه بزرگسالی
acne albida = میلیوم، جوش های سرسفید
acne cystica = نوعی آکنه با زخم هایی که کیست های اولیه هستند همراه است.
acne lesions = عوارض یا زخم های آکنه ای
acne rosacea = آکنه رزاسه
acne keratosa = آکنه کراتوزا، نوعی از آکنه وولگاریس که مشخصه آن، انسداد منافذ پوست در اثر انباشته شدن کراتین سفت شده است.
acne vulgaris = آکنه وولگاریس
Hormonal acne = آکنه هورمونی
Prone to acne = مستعد آکنه
acne atrophica = آکنه یا جوش هایی که پس از بهبودی، مقدار انکی جای زخم به جا می گذارند.
acne pustulosa = آکنه پاستولی، پوستول
Acne dark spots = لک های تیره آکنه
acne prone skin = پوست مستعد آکنه
anti-acne cream = کرم ضدآکنه
Dark acne marks = علائم تیره جای جوش
acne artificialis = جوش هایی که در اثر التهابات بیرونی ایجاد می شوند.
acne cachecticorum = جوش هایی که گاهی در اثر کم خونی یا بیماری های مربوط به اتساع عروق خونی ایجاد می شوند.
some cases of acne = برخی کیس های آکنه
acne causing bacteria = باکتری های ایجاد کننده آکنه
anti acne ingredients = مواد ضدآکنه
cystic or nodular acne = آکنه کیستی یا ندولار
propionibacterium acne = باکتری پروپیونی آکنه، پروپیونی باکتریوم آکنه
Comedonal acne vulgaris = آکنه وولگاریس کومدونی
propionibacterium acnes = باکتری های پروپیونی آکنه
Acne treatment algorithm = الگوریتم درمان آکنه
Acne Comedonica (mild acne) = آکنه کومدونی (خفیف)
Acne Conglobata (severe acne) = آکنه کانگلوبوتا، نوع شدید و سرسخت آکنه معمولا به صورت ندول یا کیست است و با درد همراه است و ایجاد اسکار می کند
Acne Papulopustulosa (moderate acne) = آکنه پاپولوپوستولی (متوسط)
Anti-acne, anti bacterial, anti aging = ضدآکنه، ضدباکتری، ضدپیری
Acne prone = acne breakouts are frequent = مستعد آکنه = کسی که به کرات دچار آکنه می شود
break out, formation of acne breakout on face = جوش زدن، تشکیل آکنه روی صورت
retin A or retinoic acid is used in acne treatments = رتین آ یا رتینوئیک اسید برای درمان آکنه استفاده می شود
acne = chronic inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous gland = آکنه = عارضه التهابی و مزمن غده پیلوسباسه
Salicylic acid, which is a type of BHA,is a common ingredient in acneproducts. = سالیسیلیک اسید یک نوع اسید بتاهیدروکسی است که در محصولات ضدآکنه رایج است

آگار = Agar
agar = آگار، ماده قندی که برای کشت های میکروبی استفاده می شود.
FRAGARIA VESCA = نام علمی توت فرنگی. قابض و مقوی. اغلب به عنوان عطر و طعم طبیعی استفاده می شود.
Agar, Gelidium amansii = آگار، گیاهی چندساله با ریسه ها استوانه ای
Strawberry, Fragaria vesca = توت فرنگی

قلیا = Alkali
alkali = قلیا، باز متضاد اسید

SOAP —A natural cleansing agent (surfactant) with the ability to emulsify oils and hold dirt in suspension. Bar soaps are made from the combination of fats, oils and/or fatty acids and sodium salts (sodium hydroxide, an alkali) dissolved in water. In liquid soap, potassium salts (potassium hydroxide) are utilized. While sodium and potassium salts can be harsh and drying, in a properly balanced formula, sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide cease to exist as separate entities when they combine with the oils to form soap, leaving no potential for skin irritation. (INCI dictionary) 
صابون: ماده پاك كننده طبيعي (جزء دسته سورفكتانت ها) كه قادر است روغن و چرك ها را معلق درآورد. صابون هاي قالبي با تركيب چربي ها، روغن ها و اسيدهاي چرب و نمك هاي سديم (سديم هيدروكسيد، يك ماده قليايي) در آب حل مي شود. در صابون مايع نمك پتاسيم (پتاسيم هيدروكسيد) استفاده مي شود. نمك هاي سديم و پتاسيم به خودي خود خشك كننده پوست و خشن مي باشد اما در يك فرمول به خوبي متعادل شده، سديم هيدروكسيد و پتاسيم هيدروكسيد به عنوان ماده اي مجزا موجود نمي باشد چرا كه با روغن ها تركيب شده و صابون تشكيل داده و بنابراين محرك پوست نمي باشد.
CASTILE SOAP – A mild, vegetable oil-based soap saponified with an alkaline salt. (See also Potassium cocoate, jojobate and olivate.) (INCI dictionary)
COCOS NUCIFERA OIL — Coconut Oil. Rich emollient exressed from coconuts. It is naturally converted into a soap through a saponification reaction with an alkaline salt. Beware of cosmetics that bill themselves as natural and use a synthetically processed derivative, sodium lauryl sulfate, claiming it comes from coconut oil. Accept nothing but the real thing in its natural form. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن نارگيل: يك امولينت غني، استخراج شده از نارگيل. در فرايند صابوني سازي در حضور نمك هاي قليايي به صابون تبديل مي شود. برخي محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي ادعا مي كنند كه طبيعي هستند و از مشتقات سنتزي مثل سديم لوريل سولفات استفاده مي كند. اما ادعا مي كند كه حاوي روغن نارگيل هستند. اگر دقت كرده باشيد در تبليغ بسياري از شامپوها گفته شده حاوي روغن نارگيل، در صورتي كه اينگونه نيست. روغن نارگيل اگرچه به عنوان ماده اوليه در فرايند ساخت سديم لوريل اتر سولفات ممكن است استفاده شود اما اين موضوع نمي تواند موجب شود كه استفاده كننده اين تركيب چنين ادعايي كند.
ELAEIS GUINEENSIS — Palm Oil, Palm Kernel Oil, Palm Soap. Oil obtained from the seeds or fruit of the palm tree. Saponified with an alkaline salt, it is used in the manufacture of bar soaps. (See also Sodium Palmate.) (INCI dictionary)
OLIVE OIL CASTILE — Olea europaea. Olive oil saponified with an alkaline salt becomes an excellent soap, mild and soothing to the skin.True olive oil castile soap should contain at least 40% pure olive oil. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM COCOATE — Coconut oil saponified with an alkaline salt. A lathering agent in soaps. (See also Cocos nucifera oil.) (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM COCOYL HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN — A mild, natural soap. (See also Sodium Cocoate and Hydrolyzed Soy Protein.) SODIUM HYALURONATE — A naturally occurring glycosami- noglycan (polysaccharide) derived from beneficial bacteria. Used in skin care preparations to help attract and retain moisture. SODIUM HYDROXIDE — An alkaline salt obtained when elec- trolysis (positive and negative poles) is applied to seawater or salt water. Chlorine collects at the positive pole, and sodium hydroxide collects at the negative pole. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM PALMATE, SODIUM PALMITATE, SODIUM PALM KERNELATE — Palm oil saponified with an alkaline salt. Primarily responsible for the hardness and durability of bar soaps. (See also Elaeis guineensis (Palm Oil). (INCI dictionary)
alkalis = قلیاها، مواد قلیایی، بازها، مواد با خاصیت بازی

alkalinity = قلیاییت

alkalizing agent = عامل قلیایی کننده، ماده ای که به محصول خاصیت قلیایی می دهد، مثل آمونیاک در رنگ مو

alkalizing ingredient = ماده قلیایی کننده

desincrustation or an alkaline softening solution = دزن یا محلول نرم کننده قلیایی

نرگس = Amaryllis
amaryllis = گل نرگس

عنبر = Amber
Chamber of commerce = اتاق بازرگانی
Amber, a honey-yellow colour typical of amber = عنبر، رنگ زرد عسلی کهربایی
AMBERGRIS, Lumps of oxidized fatty compounds, whose precursors were secreted and expelled by the Sperm Whale. Ambergris is commonly referred to as “amber” in perfumery. = آمبرگریس، توده‌هایی از تركیبات چرب اكسید شده كه پیش­سازهای آن توسط نهنگ عنبر ترشح شده و از بدن او خارج شده است. آمبرگریس را در عطرسازی به اختصار عنبر می‌گویند.

طاسی = Baldness
baldness = طاسی، بی مویی

Androgenetic alopecia is said to affect roughly 50% of men and perhaps as many women older than 40 years. Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is also called male pattern baldness (MPB). By the age of 35 two- thirds of American men will experience some degree of appreciable hair loss. Approximately 25% of men who suffer with MPB begin the painful process before they reach the age of twenty-one. AGA affects an estimated 35 million men in the United States and about 21 million women. In (Capixyl)
premature baldness = طاسی پیش هنگام

بالم = Balm
lip balm = بالم لب
Balm, baume = بالم، بوم
Balm cleansers = پاک کننده های مومی 
Super-rich moisturizing balm = بالم مرطوب کننده فوق غنی شده 
BB creams, short for beauty balms or blemish balms. = بی بی كرم ها : علامت اختصاری بیوتی بالم یا بلمیش بالم

عیوب = Blemishes
blemishes, blemish, small mark or flaw on the face = بلمیش، لکه یا عیوب کوچک روی پوست

blemishes = بلمیش ها

BUCHU LEAF — Antiseptic and anti-inflammator y helps dissolve excess oil and soothes and purifies the complexion. An excellent ingredient in preparations for acne-prone skin and blemishes. (INCI dictionary)
SALICYLIC ACID — The active ingredient in aspirin, a natural an- ti-inflammatory and exfoliant used in the treatment of acne and preparations for oily skin. Applied topically, it penetrates the fol- licle and encourages the shedding of dead skin cells from within, breaking up oil deposits and debris that can cause blocked pores and blemishes. Natural sources of salicylic acid include willow bark extract (Salix nigra) and wintergreen oil (Gaultheria procumbens). (INCI dictionary)

بدنه = Body
body = بدنه
Cell body = بدنه سلول
body spray = اسپری بدن
Body lotion = لوسیون بدن
body shampoo = شامپو بدن
body piercings = پیرسینگ بدن، سوراخ کردن بدن به منظور آویختن اشیاء تزئینی مثل جواهرات، یکی از موارد منع برخی اقدامات فیشال
pat your body dry = بدن را با روش گذاشتن و برداشتن خشک کردن
dehydration slows down body metabolism by 3 percent = دهیدراته شدن، سرعت سوخت و ساز سلولی یا متابولیسم بدن را سه درصد کند می کند
massage is a relaxing way to introduce essential oils to the body = ماساژ یک روش آرامش بخش برای وارد کردن اسانس روغنی به داخل بدن است
biopsies, pl of biopsy, an examination of tissue removed from a living body to discover the presence, cause, or extent of a disease. = بیوپسی، نمونه ای بافت زنده كه از بدن برداشته می شود تا علت یا وجود بیماری در آن بررسی شود.
BODY, The main fragrance theme – the middle or “heart” of a perfume. Also used to describe a fragrance that is well rounded or full. = تم اصلی عطر یا رایحه میان یا قلب عطر را بادی می گویند. همچنین به عطرهایی گفته می شود كه كاراكتر یاشخصیت دارند.
atrophy, gradually decline in effectiveness or vigour due to underuse or neglect, partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body = آتروفی، کاهش تدریجی اثربخشی و استقامت یکی از اعضای بدن معمولا در اثر کم کاری، از بین رفتن تدریجی یکی از قسمت های بدن به صورت جزئی یا کلی
APOCRINES, A type of sweat gland which contributes to the sexual and body scent in humans and which influences the odor characteristics of one’s fragrance. = آپوكرین، نوعی از غدد عرقی است كه به لوایح بدن و اندام جنسی مرتبط است و بوی خاص یك عطر را تحت تأثیر قرار می‌دهد.
Urticaria – also known as hives, weals, welts or nettle rash – is a raised, itchy rash that appears on the skin. It may appear on one part of the body or be spread across large area = کهیر به رش های برآمده و ملتهب پوست گفته می شود که می تواند روی بخشی از بدن باشد یا در ناحیه گستردهای از بدن پخش شده باشد
AROMATHERAPY, The use of volatile plant oils, including essential oils, for psychological and physical well-being. The therapeutic use of pure essential oils and herbs in body massage,which is described by proponents as “healing, beautifying and soothing” the body and mind.The history of aromatherapy stretches as far back as 6,000 years ago in ancient Egypt. It wasn’t until the 1920’s, however, when the term was actually coined by a French chemist, R.M. Gattefosse. = آروماتراپی، استفاده از روغن‌های گیاهی شامل اسانس‌های روغنی برای سلامت فیزیكی و فیزیولوژیكی. استفاده درمانی از اسانس‌های روغنی خالص و گیاهان در ماساژ بدن، شفابخش، زیباكننده و التیام‌بخش برای بدن و ذهن می‌باشد. تاریخچه آروماتراپی به 6 هزار سال پیش به مصر باستان برمی‌گردد. در سال 1920 این واژه توسط یك شیمیدان فرانسوی به نام گَته فوزه ابداع شد.
full body massage and caviar mask = ماساژ تمام بدن و ماسک خاویار

براش = Brush
brush = برس مو، برس، براش، ابزار براشینگ
brushing = برس زدن، سائیدن، براشینگ
Fan brush = پرس پنکه ای
Lip Brush = برس لب 
Brow Brush = برس ابرو
Face Brush = برس صورت 
Flat brush = برس پهن
Hair brush = برس مو
Blush Brush = برس رژگونه
round brush = برس گرد
Angled brush = برس زاویه دار
Powder Brush = برس پودر 
Bronzer Brush = برس برای استفاده از محصولات برنزه کننده
Touch up Brush = برس رتوش 
Concealer Brush = برس برای استفاده از کانسیلر
Face mask brush = برس های ماسک
cosmetic brushes = برس های آرایشی
Eye Shader Brush = برس سایه زنی پلک 
Eye Shadow Brush = برس سایه زنی زیر چشم
Eye Smudge Brush = برس با انتهای مخروطی برای دودی کردن چشم 
Foundation Brush = برس فونداسیون 
Eye Blender Brush = برس ترکیب کننده رنگ سایه چشم
Eye Contour Brush = برس برای آرایش دور چشم 
Eye Definer Brush = برس نوک تیز خط چشم
electrical brushes = برس های برقی، براش های برقی
Face Blender Brush = برس ترکیب کننده رنگ آرایش صورت 
Brow Grooming Brush = برس مرتب کردن ابرو
Cruelty-free brushes = برس های بی ضرر برای حیوانات 
Eyeliner Brush (Flat) = برس پهن خط چشم
Brushing brows into place = مرتب کردن ابروها
Eyeliner Brush (Ultra Fine) = برس بسیار تیز خط چشم 
Gently massage using your fingertips or a soft-bristled brush = با استفاده از نوک انگشتان یا با یک برس با پرزهای نرم به آرامی ماساژ دهید
How It's Made-A Cosmetic Brush - YouTube [360p] = برس آرایشی چگونه ساخته می شود

چدار = Cedar
Cedar = سدر، سرو

شلات = Chelate
chelate = شلات، کیلیت 

شیمی = Chemistry
chemistry = شیمی

AROMA CHEMICALS: Molecules obtained from natural products or made by synthetic organic chemistry that have an aroma. Most of the synthetic aroma chemicals are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule obtained from a natural product. (fragrance.org)
SNYTHETICS: Perfume ingredients that are produced by synthetic organic chemistry rather than bio-synthetically by a plant. In most cases the synthetic ingredients used in perfumery are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule made by the plant. (fragrance.org)
organic chemistry = شیمی آلی

AROMA CHEMICALS: Molecules obtained from natural products or made by synthetic organic chemistry that have an aroma. Most of the synthetic aroma chemicals are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule obtained from a natural product. (fragrance.org)
AROMA CHEMICALS, Molecules obtained from natural products or made by synthetic organic chemistry that have an aroma. Most of the synthetic aroma chemicals are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule obtained from a natural product. = مواد شیمیایی آروماتیك یا آروماكمیكال ها مولکول‌هایی هستند كه از محصولات طبیعی به دست می‌آیند یا به صورت سنتزی ساخته می‌شوند و بو دارند. بسیاری از مواد شیمایی آروماتیك بوی شبیه مواد طبیعی دارند. به عبارت دیگر شبیه مولکول‌هایی هستند كه از طبیعت به دست می‌آیند.

organic chemistry = شیمی آلی

AROMA CHEMICALS: Molecules obtained from natural products or made by synthetic organic chemistry that have an aroma. Most of the synthetic aroma chemicals are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule obtained from a natural product. (fragrance.org)

مزمن = Chronic
chronic = مزمن، کهنه، طولانی

PERSEA GRATISSIMA — Avocado Oil. A good source of vitamins A, D and E, amino acids and sterols. Herbalists traditionally have used avocado oil in hair and scalp preparations and in the treatment of chronic dry skin conditions. Easily absorbed by the skin and scalp, it is very soothing and nourishing. (INCI dictionary)
Chronic vs acute = مزمن در برابر حاد

chronic skin inflammation = التهاب مزمن پوست

psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease = پسوریازیس یک بیماری پوستی التهابی مزمن است

acne = chronic inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous gland = آکنه = عارضه التهابی و مزمن غده پیلوسباسه

rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition of the cheeks and nose = رزاسه عارضه التهابی مزمن گونه و بینی است

شبدر = Clover
Clover = شبدر

MELILOTUS OFFICINALIS — Sweet Clover. Conditioning and soothing agent. Promotes circulation to the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
Sweet Clover – Melilotus officinalis (INCI dictionary)
red clover = شبدر قرمز

clover extract = عصاره شبدر 

red clover flower = گل شبدر قرمز

Red Clover, Trifolium pratense = شبدر قرمز، شبدر چمنزاری، شبدر وحشی

Sweet Clover, Lotus corniculatus = یونجه زرد، یونجه پاکلاغی

شاسی = Collar
Collar = در اصل به معنای یقه و گریبان، همچنین به معنای شاسی محصولات پمپی مثلاً: «شاسی کاندیشنر را یک یا دو بار فشار دهید.»

صدفی = Coral
Coral = صدفی، نوعی رنگ فانتزی برای مو

پوشش = Coverage
coverage = پوشش

COPERNICIA CERIFERA — Carnauba Wax. Plant wax used as a thickening agent in cosmetics, and to increase the spreadability of powdered makeup for better coverage. (INCI dictionary) 
واكس كارنوبا: واكس ياموم گياهي كه به عنوان قوام دهنده در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي (كازمتيك) استفاده مي شود تا قابليت پخش لوازم آرايشي پودري را افزايش داده و پوشش آنها را بهتر كند.
good coverage = پوشش خوب 

Gray hair coverage = پوشش سفیدی موها

خیار = Cucumber
Cucumber = خیار

CUCUMIS SATIVUS FRUIT EXTRACT — Cucumber. Used in face creams, lotions and cleansers for its astringent, soothing and cooling proper ties. Rich in antioxidant vitamin C, an excellent pro- tector and skin nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
Cucumber – Cucumis sativus (INCI dictionary)

قبرس = Cyprus
Cyprus = قبرس

Chypre: The French word for the Greek island of Cyprus. Its classic accord features a citrus top note, such as bergamot, contrasting with a mossy base of, most importantly, oakmoss. The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) is considering banning or severely limiting the use of oakmoss and tree mosses in scents due to their alleged allergenic properties, which has perfume lovers up in arms. Christian Dior Diorella is a chypre. (intothegloss.com)

کیست = Cyst
cyst = کیست
cysts = کیست ها = برآمدگی های غیرعادی پوست که حاوی چرک یا یک مایع غیر معمول است
acne cyst = آکنه کیستی، کیست آکنه
Cyst /sɪst/ = کسیت
dodule/cyst = ندول، کیست
acne cystica = نوعی آکنه با زخم هایی که کیست های اولیه هستند همراه است.
CYSTEINE, CYSTINE = سیستئین
cystic or nodular acne = آکنه کیستی یا ندولار
cyst is semi fluid abnormal fomation above or below the skin that contains pus or abnormal matter = کیست = برآمدگی غیرعادی پوست که حاوی چرک یا یک مایع غیر معمول است
cyst is semi fluid abnormal affirmation above or below the skin that contains pus or abnormal matter = کیست زائده ای با شکل غیر طبیعی حاوی ماده چرکی شبه سیال است که بالا یا زیر پوست تشکیل می شود

شوره = Dandruff
dandruff = شوره

BIOTIN — Also known as vitamin H, biotin is par t of the B vita- min group. It is an impor tant factor in the growth of tissue and the proper functioning of the oil glands. A biotin deficiency can lead to fry skin, seborrheic dermatitis and the formation of dandruff and crusts in the scalp. Biotin is vital for the maintenance of a normal fat metabolism, and is essential for hair growth and scalp health. (INCI dictionary)
HEDERA HELIX — Ivy. Antifungal often found in massage lotions and anticellulite preparations for its skin-toning and firming prop- er ties. Contains malic acid, a natural fruit acid that encourages skin cell turnover. (See also Fruit Acids.) Also used in shampoos and hair products for dandruff and other scalp problems. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
HUMULUS LUPULUS — Hops. Antimicrobial and sedative, very soothing and toning to the hair and skin. In hair care preparations, it adds body and softness and is helpful in the treatment of dandruff and other scalp conditions. Combined with chamomile, it reduces swelling and relieves itching and irritation. (INCI dictionary)
MELALEUCA ALTERNIFOLIA — Tea Tree Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic and germicidal properties, similar to eucalyptus oil. Due to its strong odor, it must be used in small amounts in cosmetics, but makes an excellent addition to dandruff shampoos and therapeutic masks and moisturizers. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن درخت چای: اسانس روغني با خاصيت آنتي سپتيك قدرتمند، ضدباكتري (جرمي سايد) شبيه روغن اوكاليپتوس. به علت رايحه شديد و قدرتمندش بايد تنها به ميزان اندكي در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي استفاده گردد. در شامپوهاي ضدشوره و ماسك هاي درماني و مرطوب كننده استفاده مي شود.
QUILLAJA SAPONARIA — Quillaya Bark. A natural soap with excellent foam-boosting and cleansing abilities, containing 9-10% saponins. An astringent and anti-inflammator y, it is used in sham- poos and hair care preparations for dandruff and other scalp problems. (INCI dictionary)
SELENIUM — Micronutrient mineral with strong antioxidant proper ties, very soothing to the scalp. Included in shampoos and rinses for dandruff and other scalp problems, it helps remove build- up and keep scalp clear and healthy with continued use. Should be used in small amounts, as it can be irritating to the eyes. (INCI dictionary)
Antidandruff = ضدشوره

MYROXYLON BALSAMUM — Balsam. Antiseptic and antibacterial widely used in topical preparations for its healing proper ties, and in hair tonics and antidandruff products. Sometimes also used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
anti dandruff = ضد شوره

Dandruff scale = لایه هایشوره های لایه ای یا پولک مانند

onset of dandruff = پیدایش شوره، شروع شوره

antidandruff shampoo = شامپو ضدشوره

anti dandruff shampoo = شامپو ضد شوره

antidandruff haircare products = محصولات مراقبت از مو با خاصیت ضدشوره

scale = flake, dry skin like dandruff = پوسته، شوره خشک

selenium shampoos, Shampoos containing selenium sulfide such as Head & Shoulders. Selenium sulfide is a key ingredient in dandruff shampoos; it treats seborrheic dermatitis, dandruff and tinea versicolor. = شامپوهای حاوی سلنیوم سولفید مثل برخی شامپوهای هد اندر شولد؛ سولفید سلنیوم یکی از ترکیبات کلیدی در شامپوهای ضدشوره است و سبوره درماتیت را نیز درمان می کند

seborrheic dermatitis can cause dandruff of the scalp as well as itchy, flaky, or scaly skin = درماتیت سبورئیک می تواند باعث شوره سر و ایجاد احساس خارش پوست سر و پوسته پوسته شدن پوست سر شود

توقف = Discontinue
discontinue = توقف مصرف؛ توقف تولید

Discontinue use = مصرف را قطع کنید

if irritation occurs discontinue use = در صورت بروز خارش پوستی، استفاده را متوقف کنید

EDTA = Edta
EDTA = ادتا، ا د ت آ
Tetra sodium EDTA = تتراسدیم ا د ت آ، ترکیب شلات کننده (کیلیت کننده) که برای زدودن سختی آب به فرمولاسیون اضافه می شود
EDTA, Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid = ادتا، ا.د.ت.آ، اتیلن دی آمین تترا استیک اسید، ماده شلات کننده، از افزودنی های شامپو که به منظور کاهش اثر سختی آب بر کف کنندگی اضافه می شود

عشقه = English Ivy
English Ivy, Hedera helix = عشقه، پاپیتال، داریوست

ارلن = Erlenmeyer Flask
Erlenmeyer flask = ارلن، شیشه آزمایشگاهی دارای شکل مخروطی که در آزمایشگاه شیمی استفاده می شود.

نژاد = Ethnicity
ethnicity = نژاد

بخور = Facial Steam
facial steam = بخور صورت

facial steams = بخور صورت

محکم = Firm
firm = محکم، قوی، استوار
firmness = استحکام
Firm ribbon = نوار محكم
Firmer paste = خمير سفت تر
enhancement of firmness = افزایش استحکام 
cyst is semi fluid abnormal affirmation above or below the skin that contains pus or abnormal matter = کیست زائده ای با شکل غیر طبیعی حاوی ماده چرکی شبه سیال است که بالا یا زیر پوست تشکیل می شود
elasticity and firmness = کشسانی و سفتی پوست

کندر = Frankincense
Frankincense = کندر، رزین با بوی شیرین که از درختان آسیایی و آفریقایی به دست می آید و در گذشته در مراسم مذهبی کاربرد داشته.

Oriental perfume: A major category of perfume distinguished by the use of warm, ambery, sweet notes like vanilla, tonka, benzoin, and amber. The ingredients are oft-associated with the Middle East—like frankincense/incense, and amber. There are subcategories: spicy Oriental perfumes, woody Oriental, floral Oriental or Florientals, etc. Thierry Mugler Angel is a gourmand Oriental perfume, and Balmain Ambre Gris an example of an ambery Oriental. (intothegloss.com)
The region of Dhofar, located in southern Oman is known across the globe as the humid heart of the six-thousand-year-old frankincense trade = بخشی از دافور كه در عمان جنوبی واقع شده و مركز تجارت شش هزار ساله كندر است

تازه = Fresh
fresh = تازه
freshener = فرشنر، نام دیگر تونر
a fresh towel = حوله تمیز
Skin freshner = لوسیون شاداب کننده پوست 
Fresh linen cabinet = کابینت ملافه های تازه و شسته شده
Sharp fresh sweetness = شيريني طراوت بخش نافذ که در اثر استفاده از کلروفرم به عنوان شیرین کننده خمیر دندان استفاده می شود.
freshly laundered uniform = یونیفرم تمیز و خشکشویی شده
freshly isolated human keratinocyte = کراتینوسیت های تازه انسان 
EARTHY, The provocative odor of freshly turned earth, musty and rooty. = خاكی یا زمینی: روایج انگیزنده یا تحریك كننده برخاسته از خاك تازه شخم زده شده، نم دار و ریشه دار. یعنی ریشه گیاه هنوز در آن وجود دارد.
EAU DE COLOGNE, Contains the lowest concentration of 2-4% base. It’s light, refreshing and can be applied often. = ادوكلن دارای كمترین غلظت یعنی 2 تا 4 درصد اسانس پایه است. ادوكلن ها ملایم و طراوت بخش هستند و می توانند به دفعات استفاده شوند.
IONONES, One of the most valued synthetic perfume ingredients. They have a fresh, violet aroma and were first introduced into perfumery in 1936 in Violettes de Toulouse. = آیونونها: یكی از باارزش ترین مواد عطری سنتزی، رایحه تازه و گل بنفشه دارند. در سال 1936 به صنعت عطرسازی معرفی شدند.
CITRUS, Odors from citrus fruits such as orange, lemon, lime, mandarin and bergamot which give fresh, fruity top notes used especially in eau fraiche, classical and men’s colognes. = سیتروس: بوهایی كه از میوه های مركبات مثل پرتقال، لیمو، لیموترش، ماندارین و برگاموت بدست می آید و رایحه فوقانی تازه و میوه ای دارد. در ادكلن های كلاسیك مردانه استفاده می شود.
Toners also known as fresheners or astringent = به تونرها فرشنر و قابض هم گفته می شود

قارچ = Fungus
fungus = قارچ

fungus infections = عفونت قارچی

pullulan,polysaccharide polymer produced from starch by the fungus Aureobasidium pullulans. = پولولان، پلی ساکارید طبیعی که از قارچ به دست می آید و فرآیند تولید آن، فرمنتاسیون ذرت نشاسته مایع در حضور یک قارچ مخمر مانند به نام پولولان

fungus, eukaryotic organisms that includes unicellular microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as multicellular fungi = قارچ، ارگانیسم یوکاریوتیکی که شامل میکروارگانیسم های تک سلولی مثل مخمر و کپک و همچنین قارچ های چند سلولی می شود.

گوار = Guar
Guarana = گورانا، گیاهی که از عصاره دانه آن در رنگ مو استفاده می شود.
guar gum = صمغ گوار
Guar Gum, Cyamopsis tetragonoloba = صمغ گوار، گوار گام

H2O2 = H2O2
h2o2 = هیدورژن پروکسید

کهیر = Hives
hives = کهیر
Urticaria – also known as hives, weals, welts or nettle rash – is a raised, itchy rash that appears on the skin. It may appear on one part of the body or be spread across large area = کهیر به رش های برآمده و ملتهب پوست گفته می شود که می تواند روی بخشی از بدن باشد یا در ناحیه گستردهای از بدن پخش شده باشد

فوری = Immediate
immediate = فوری

HELICHRYSUM ITALICUM EXTRACT: Helichrysum Italicum Extract inhibits the visible effects of cortisol, controlling signs of aging due to stress. Naturally anti-inflammatory, anti-allergenic, and anti-microbial. Starts working immediately upon application. (cellularskinrx.com)
MARAJUCA OIL: Naturally-derived from the seed of the passion fruit plant, sustainably harvested from the forests of Brazil, Marajuca oil is full of antioxidants, linoleic acid and omega 6. Skin's natural lipid barrier is restored and maintained when using this oil for facial cleansing. Hydration returns to normal levels immediately. Firming and other texture changes will occur after continuous use. (cellularskinrx.com)
immediate lifting = لیفتینگ سریع

immediate benefits = مزایای فوری

زنبق = Iris
Irish moss = خزه ايرلندي
Orris, Iris germanica = زنبق، ایرسا، سوسن آسمانجونی

خارش = Itching
itching = سوزش، خارش، تحریک

ANDIRA ARAROBA — Goa Herb, Chrysarobin. A natural astringent, its chemical affinity to the keratin elements of the skin makes this herb an excellent treatment for acne, eczema and other skin conditions. A calming agent for itching, flaking or irritated skin. (INCI dictionary)
EPILOBIUM ANGUSTIFOLIUM — Canadian Willowherb. Anti- inflammator y and soothing agent shown in clinical studies to work faster and better than many hydrocor tisone creams in reducing itching and irritation. A superb skin care ingredient, often used in sun care products. Contains salicylic acid. (INCI dictionary)
HUMULUS LUPULUS — Hops. Antimicrobial and sedative, very soothing and toning to the hair and skin. In hair care preparations, it adds body and softness and is helpful in the treatment of dandruff and other scalp conditions. Combined with chamomile, it reduces swelling and relieves itching and irritation. (INCI dictionary)
ORIGANUM VULGARE — Oregano Oil. Powerful antifungal and healing agent. Chinese herbalists have used it for generations to soothe rashes and other skin irritations and relieve itching. (INCI dictionary)
itching  = سوزش

Anti Itching = ضد خارش

itching or burning sensations = خارش یا احساس سوزش

جذام = Leprosy

لیفت = Lift
lift = لیفت
lifting = لیفتینگ
afro-lifter = شانه چنگال مانند برای مدل دادن به موهای فر
immediate lifting = لیفتینگ سریع

لایت = Light
light = لایت
sunlight = نور آفتاب
highlights = هایلایت مو
light weight = سبک
light therapy = نوردرمانی
lighter touch = لمس سبک تر
skin lightener = روشن کننده
light therapy 2 = نور درمانی، لایت تراپی
Highlighted hair = موی هایلایت شده
light beige powder = پودر بژ رنگ سبک
Pre-lightened hair = مویی که قبلاً روشن شده
dispersion of light = پراکنش نور 
light emitting diode = دیود با بازتابش ملایم
skin lightening agents = مواد روشن کننده
Discoloration Lightening = تغییر رنگ روشن شدن
light and fluid textures = بافت سبک و سیال
Dab = press lightly = pat = با فشار ملایم استفاده کنید
Skin lightening ≠ Lightning = سفیدکننده ≠ رعد و برق
Two-to-four tone lightening = روشن کردن مو به میزان یک یا دو درجه
dolce and gabbana light blue = عطر لایت بلو از کمپانی دولچه اند گابانا
polarized light spectroscopy = اسپکتروسکوپی نوری پلاریزه
keep away from direct sunlight = دور از نور مستقیم آفتاب نگهداری شود
oily and slightly waxy substance = ماده روغنی و کمی واکسی
photo-aging, aging of the skin caused by light. = پیری در اثر نور: پیری پوست كه در اثر نور ایجاد شده
EAU DE TOILETTE, Contains 4-8% base. This form is light yet relatively lasting. = ادوتوالت 4 تا 8 درصد اسانس پایه دارد. ملایم است و نسبتاً ماندگار است.
stratum lucidum is made of translucent cells that allow the light to pass through = استراتوم لوسیدم حاوی سلولهایی است که به نور اجازه عبور میدهد
EAU DE COLOGNE, Contains the lowest concentration of 2-4% base. It’s light, refreshing and can be applied often. = ادوكلن دارای كمترین غلظت یعنی 2 تا 4 درصد اسانس پایه است. ادوكلن ها ملایم و طراوت بخش هستند و می توانند به دفعات استفاده شوند.
secondary pollutants, A secondary pollutant is not directly emitted as such, but forms when other pollutants (primary pollutants) react in the atmosphere.Examples of a secondary pollutant include ozone, which is formed when hydrocarbons (HC) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) combine in the presence of sunlight; NO2, which is formed as NO combines with oxygen in the air; and acid rain, which is formed when sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxides react with water. = آلاینده های ثانویه هوا که بر خلاف آلاینده های اولیه به شکل مستقیم وارد هوا نمی شوند. بلکه در اثر واکنش آلاینده های اولیه با عوامل دیگر ایجاد می شوند. از ازن تروپوسفری می توان به عنوان نمونه ای از آلاینده ثانویه نام برد. زیرا از واکنش هیدروکربن ها و اکسیدهای نیتروژن در حضور نور آفتاب ایجاد می شود. باران های اسیدی نمونه دیگری از آلاینده های ثانویه هستند. زیرا در اثر ترکیب اکسید گوگرد و اکسید نیتروژن با آب باران ایجاد می شوند.
phototherapy also known as light therapy = فتوتراپی که به آن نوردرمانی هم گفته می شود

سوسن = Lily
lily = لیلی یا زنبق
waterlily = نیلوفر آبی
White Lily, Lilium candidum = سوسن، سوسن سفید
American White Pond Lily, Nymphoea odorata = نیلوفر آبی معطر، واتر لیلی
MUGUET, The French term for Lily of the Valley. One of the three most used florals in perfumery. = موگه یا لیلی دره یكی از سه نوت گُلی مهم در عطرسازی

مگنت = Magnet
magnet = مگنت، آهنربای کوچک

جذاب = Magnificent
Magnificent = جذاب

انبه = Mango
mango butter = کره انبه
Mango, Mangifera indica = انبه، مانگو، منگو

افرا = Maple
Red Maple, Acer rubrum = افرای قرمز، افرای مرداب، افرای شکر
BALSAMS, Sticky, resinous materials obtained from trees or shrubs which give a combined sweet-woody odor associated with well-seasoned, nonconiferous woods such as maple. = بالزام یا بِلسان: ماده رزینی چسبناك كه از درخت یا بوته به دست می‌آید و بوی شیرین چوبی دارد كه به افرا مرتبط است.

ختمی = Marsh Mallow
Mallow, Althea, Althaea officinalis, Marsh mallow, Alcea = ختمی، آلته آ

ریمل = Mascara
mascara = ریمل

Beeswax Honeycomb: Wax obtained from melting honeycomb with boiling water, straining it, and cooling it. From virgin bees. Very cheap and widely used. May be harmful to the skin. In lipsticks and many other cosmetics, especially face creams, lotions, mascara, eye creams and shadows, face makeup, nail whiteners, lip balms, etc. Derivatives: Cera Flava. Alternatives: paraffin, vegetable oils and fats, ceresin (aka ceresine, earth wax; made from the mineral ozokerite; replaces beeswax in cosmetics; also used to wax paper, to make polishing cloths, in dentistry for taking wax impressions, and in candle-making), carnauba wax (from the Brazilian palm tree; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; rarely causes allergic reactions), candelilla wax (from candelilla plants; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; also in the manufacture of rubber and phonograph records, in waterproofing and writing inks; no known toxicity), Japan wax (vegetable wax, Japan tallow; fat from the fruit of a tree grown in Japan and China). (peta.org)
Hair Color Sticks: Hair color sticks are temporary colors used- when people need a quick fix- to touch up exposed roots, or to create highlights of different colors. The stick is similar to mascara, and color is painted directly onto dry hair with a small brush. It's a somewhat sloppy process and can dry stiff. Watch out too for moisture because the color can run off the hair and onto your clothing. (thehairstyler.com)
Mascara wands = تنه ریمل

Mascara for darker eyelashes = ریمل برای مژه های تیره تر

میسل = Micelle
micelles, micelle, aggregate of surfactant molecules that arrange themselves in a spherical form in aqueous solutions = میسل، مایسل، تجمع مولکول های سورفکتانت که به شکل کروی در محلول آبی

micelle = میسل، مایسل

micelles = میسل ها، مایسل ها

مدرن = Modern
modern = مدرن

MODERN: In perfumery, the modern era began at the beginning of the 20th century when synthetic aroma chemicals such as aldehydes were first used. A modern fragrance is a harmonious creation of the perfumer based on new notes or harmonies often unknown in nature. (fragrance.org)

لادن = Nasturtium
NASTURTIUM OFFICINALE = شاهی

NASTURTIUM OFFICINALE — Watercress. Good source of vitamins A, B-complex and C. Soothing and conditioning, very ben- eficial to the skin. Also shown to strengthen and thicken hair. (INCI dictionary)
Nasturtium, Tropaeolum majus = لادن، ناستوریوم

گزنه = Nettle
Nettle = گزنه

TONICS — Herbal extracts that soothe, clarify, stimulate or otherwise improve the condition of the skin, hair and scalp. These are typically extracted in vegetable glycerin, water or natural grain alcohol, or added as essential oils. Examples: horsetail, nettle, ginseng, chamomile. (INCI dictionary) 
تونيك ها: عصاره هاي گياهي كه تسكين دهنده، شفاف كننده، تحريك كننده و بهبوددهنده وضعيت پوست، مو و پوست سر مي باشد. تونيك ها معمولاً در گليسيرين گياهي، آب يا الكل هاي حاصل از دانه هاي طبيعي استخراج مي شوند يا به عنوان اسانس هاي روغني اضافه مي شود. مثال ها: دم اسبي، گزنه، جينسنگ، بابونه.
URTICA DIOICA — Nettle, Stinging Nettle. Excellent tonic and astringent, rich in phosphates and trace minerals. Promotes circulation to the skin and scalp and is said to stimulate hair growth, especially when combined with horsetail and coltsfoot. Its high silica and sulfur content make it very nourishing to the hair and scalp, and an excellent addition to products for thinning hair. (INCI dictionary)
Nettle, Stinging Nettle – Ur tica dioica Niacin – Vitamin B-3, B-Complex Nutmeg – Myristica fragrans (INCI dictionary)
Keratin: Protein from the ground-up horns, hooves, feathers, quills, and hair of various animals. In hair rinses, shampoos, permanent wave solutions. Alternatives: almond oil, soy protein, amla oil (from the fruit of an Indian tree), human hair from salons. Rosemary and nettle give body and strand strength to hair. (peta.org)
nettle rash = رش گزنه ای، نام دیگر کهیر

White Nettle, Lamium album = گزنه سفید، گزنه سا، گزنه زنبوری، گزنه کور

Hempnettle, Galeopsis segetum = همپ نتل، گیاه کله گربه

Indian Nettle, Acalypha indica = گزنه هندی، آکالیفا

Urticaria – also known as hives, weals, welts or nettle rash – is a raised, itchy rash that appears on the skin. It may appear on one part of the body or be spread across large area = کهیر به رش های برآمده و ملتهب پوست گفته می شود که می تواند روی بخشی از بدن باشد یا در ناحیه گستردهای از بدن پخش شده باشد

بلوط = Oak
oakmoss = گلسنگ
Oak, Quercus robur = بلوط
Serum soaked cloth sheets = ورق های آغشته با سرم
oakmoss, Evernia prunastri, a species of lichen = خزه بلوط، گلسنگ
TINCTURE, Fragrant materials produced by directly soaking and infusing raw materials in room temperature or warm alcohol. = تنتور: ماده معطر كه در اثر خیساندن یا دم كردن ماده خام در دمای محیط یا الكل گرم شده به دست می آید. اگر الكل در دمای محیط استفاده شود به آن خیساندن می گویند. اگر در الكل گرم غوطه ور شود به آن دم كردن می گویند.
MOSSY, The odor suggestive of the aromatic lichens, and mosses, primarily oak moss and tree moss; reminiscent of forest depths. = خزه ای: بویی كه شبیه مواد معطر لیتن ها، خزه ها مثل خزه بلوط است. یادآور اعماق جنگل.
oak moss = خزه بلوط، گلسنگ

پماد = Ointment
ointment = پماد

CALAMINE — Natural blend of zinc oxide and a small amount of ferric oxide, used in skin lotions, ointments and liniments for the treatment of itchy skin and rashes. (INCI dictionary)
CALENDULA OFFICINALIS — Calendula.The common marigold, known for its healing and analgesic proper ties. It is a frequent in- gredient in ointments and natural deodorants. Contains saponins. Sometimes used as a natural yellow color. (INCI dictionary)
Arachidonic Acid: A liquid unsaturated fatty acid that is found in liver, brain, glands, and fat of animals and humans. Generally isolated from animal liver. Used in companion animal food for nutrition and in skin creams and lotions to soothe eczema and rashes. Alternatives: synthetics, aloe vera, tea tree oil, calendula ointment. (peta.org)
Spermaceti Cetyl Palmitate Sperm Oil: Waxy oil originally derived from the sperm whale’s head or from dolphins but now most often derived from petroleum. In many margarines. In skin creams, ointments, shampoos, candles, etc. Used in the leather industry. May become rancid and cause irritations. Alternatives: synthetic spermaceti, jojoba oil, and other vegetable emollients. (peta.org)
Glycerin Glycerol: A byproduct of soap manufacture (normally uses animal fat). In cosmetics, foods, mouthwashes, chewing gum, toothpastes, soaps, ointments, medicines, lubricants, transmission and brake fluid, and plastics. Derivatives: Glycerides, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, Polyglycerol. Alternatives: vegetable glycerin (a byproduct of vegetable oil soap), derivatives of seaweed, petroleum. (peta.org)
Certificate of appointment = گواهی اعطاء نمایندگی

شرقی = Oriental
oriental = شرقی

DARUTOSIDE: Also known as Siegesbeckia orientalis, Darutoside is a plant extract that is rich in emollients. By soothing the skin, decreasing inflammation, restoring collagen and promoting collagen production, this extract helps to improve skin elasticity and brightens surface appearance. Darutoside has been shown to stimulate tissue regeneration via collagen fibres which improves skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
Balsams/balsamic: Does not refer to the salad dressing, but rather to warm, ambery, soft vanillic notes such as benzoin, Tolu balsam, and tonka bean. They’re in most Oriental fragrances. (intothegloss.com)
Amber: There is no amber ingredient in the wild. It’s an accord created with perfume notes such as labdanum, vanilla, and balsams such as benzoin and Tolu Balsam, which are sweet, warm resins that both come from tree barks. Amber is the cornerstone accord of Oriental fragrances. (intothegloss.com)
Oriental perfume: A major category of perfume distinguished by the use of warm, ambery, sweet notes like vanilla, tonka, benzoin, and amber. The ingredients are oft-associated with the Middle East—like frankincense/incense, and amber. There are subcategories: spicy Oriental perfumes, woody Oriental, floral Oriental or Florientals, etc. Thierry Mugler Angel is a gourmand Oriental perfume, and Balmain Ambre Gris an example of an ambery Oriental. (intothegloss.com)
ORIENTAL:  Fragrance family or type denoting heavy, full bodied and tenacious perfumes. Amber notes are dominant in this category. (fragrance.org)

منشأ = Origin
origin = خاستگاه، منشأ 

FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
HYDROLYZED ELASTIN — A naturally derived, water-soluble protein of bovine origin. Elastin is one of the three main proteins found in the skin, along with collagen and reticulin. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture. (INCI dictionary)
Tyrosine: Amino acid often of plant or synthetic origin but sometimes hydrolyzed from casein (milk). Used in cosmetics and creams. Derivative: Glucose Tyrosinase. (peta.org)
Cerebrosides: Fatty acids and sugars found in the covering of nerves. May be synthetic or of animal origin. When animal-derived, may include tissue from brain. Used in moisturizers. (peta.org)
Cetyl Alcohol: Wax originally found in spermaceti from sperm whales or dolphins but now most often derived from petroleum. Alternatives: vegetable cetyl alcohol (e.g., coconut), synthetic spermaceti. (peta.org)
Castor Castoreum: Creamy substance with strong odor, originally from muskrat and beaver genitals but now typically synthetic. Used as a fixative in perfume and incense. While some cosmetics companies continue to use animal castor, the majority do not. (peta.org)
Myristic Acid: Organic acid typically derived from nut oils but occasionally of animal origin. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristate. Alternatives: nut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc. (peta.org)
Spermaceti Cetyl Palmitate Sperm Oil: Waxy oil originally derived from the sperm whale’s head or from dolphins but now most often derived from petroleum. In many margarines. In skin creams, ointments, shampoos, candles, etc. Used in the leather industry. May become rancid and cause irritations. Alternatives: synthetic spermaceti, jojoba oil, and other vegetable emollients. (peta.org)
Stearic Acid: When animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline. Alternatives: Stearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut. (peta.org)
Gelatin Gel: Protein obtained by boiling skin, tendons, ligaments, and/or bones in water. From cows and pigs. Used in shampoos, face masks, and other cosmetics. Used as a thickener for fruit gelatins and puddings (e.g., Jell-O). In candies, marshmallows, cakes, ice cream, yogurts. On photographic film and in vitamins as a coating and as capsules. Sometimes used to assist in “clearing” wines. Alternatives: carrageen (carrageenan, Irish moss), seaweeds (algin, agar-agar, kelp—used in jellies, plastics, medicine), pectin from fruits, dextrins, locust bean gum, cotton gum, silica gel. Marshmallows were originally made from the root of the marshmallow plant. Vegetarian capsules are now available from several companies. Digital cameras don’t use film. (peta.org)
Ambergris: A highly prized base note rarely used in non-synthetic form because of its rarity and cost. Why is it so expensive? Because of its origins: The sperm whale eats cuttlefish, whose bones are indigestible and painful to its stomach lining. As a result, it secretes a substance that surrounds the bones. This mass gets excreted, most likely from the whale’s back end. It then floats around in the water, ages, gets oxidized by the sun, and turns into the substance that washes ashore until it’s found by some lucky bastard who can sell it for more per ounce than gold. Ambergris smells earthy, sweet, tobacco-like, and provides a roundness and depth to perfumes. Christian Dior Dioressence perfume was said to have been inspired by perfumer Guy Robert’s encounter with both real ambergris and a knock-off Miss Dior soap. (intothegloss.com)
INCENSE: The burning of fragrant gums or resins in a solid or powder form. It gives off a lingering, scented smoke and is the original form in which fragrance was used. (fragrance.org)
MUSK: Originally derived from the musk sacs from the Asian musk deer, it has now been replaced by the use of synthetic musks which usually are called “white musk”. (fragrance.org)
RETRONASAL OLFACTION: Stimulation of the olfactory receptor cells by chemicals that originate in our mouth (most often during eating) and travel to the olfactory epithelium via the nasopharynx during exhalation. (fragrance.org)
ROUNDING OUT: Perfume ingredients, often from natural origins, added to fragrance compositions to enrich, modify or soften any harsh qualities. (fragrance.org)
Natural Hair Color: Natural hair color is a person's original hair color; in other words, excluding any artificial colors, highlights, or chemicals that can coat the hair (such as chlorine that makes the hair look green). Your natural hair color does take into account any natural bleaching that is caused by the sun. Natural hair color is an important thing for a colorist to take into consideration as each natural hair color reacts differently to artificial color. (thehairstyler.com)
Permanent Hair Color: A permanent hair color employs chemicals to artificially change, delete, or counteract the natural pigment in the cortex layer of the hair shaft. This is done when dyes and bleaches are turned on by mixing them with an activator (generally peroxide) and sometimes heat, to open the cuticle and then allow the chemical changes to take place. The results are permanent changes that do not revert back to the original, however the roots of the hair grow back unchanged (regrowth). (thehairstyler.com)
Halal origin = منبع حلال

Animal origin = منشاء حیوانی، به دست آمده از حیوان

Cerebrosides: Fatty acids and sugars found in the covering of nerves. May be synthetic or of animal origin. When animal-derived, may include tissue from brain. Used in moisturizers. (peta.org)
Myristic Acid: Organic acid typically derived from nut oils but occasionally of animal origin. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristate. Alternatives: nut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc. (peta.org)
natural origin = دارای خاستگاه طبیعی، منبع طبیعی

ROUNDING OUT: Perfume ingredients, often from natural origins, added to fragrance compositions to enrich, modify or soften any harsh qualities. (fragrance.org)
country of origin = کشور مبدأ ، کشوری که از آنجا یک محصول صادر می شود.

ROUNDING OUT, Perfume ingredients, often from natural origins, added to fragrance compositions to enrich, modify or soften any harsh qualities. = مواد معطر معمولاً با منشأ طبیعی كه به فرمولاسیون عطر اضافه می شود تا ویژگی های خوب به آن بدهد.

پالت = Pallet
Pallet = پالت حمل، تخته ای پهن که کالاها را روی آن چیده و با لیفتراک جابجا می کنند.

پتنت = Patent
patent = پتنت، گواهی ثبت اختراع

3.5 billion dollars a year attempting to treat their hair loss. There are numerous products on the market addressing this condition. The most popular are Minoxidil (Regain®) an OTC vasodilator medication known for its ability to slow or stop hair loss and promote hair regrowth, Finasteride (Propecia®) also a drug that acts by inhibiting the enzyme that converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in AGA and Aminexil® a patented molecule by l’Oréal. (Capixyl)
CALCIUM ASCORBATE — Ester-C® Topical. A patented form of natural vitamin C, both oil- and water-soluble, clinically shown to retain its potency longer than other forms.While ordinary vitamin C degrades quickly in skin care products, Ester-C® Topical is stable and delivers the full benefit of this powerful antioxidant, penetrating into deep layers of the skin to promote collagen production. (Ester-C® is a registered trademark of Inter-Cal Corporation.) (INCI dictionary)
FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
CALMOSENSINE: Calmosensine™ is a patented peptide that relaxes visible tension lines while relieving feelings of heat, stinging and general discomfort. (cellularskinrx.com)
DERMAXYL: Cell youthening Dermaxyl™, a patented oligopeptide and ceramide blend, inspires older cells to communicate like younger cells. When cells communicate more fully, repair cells can focus on areas of skin damage caused by aging processes. The result is enhanced firmness, better moisture retention, and visible easing of deep wrinkles. Clinical studies testing 24 female subjects aged 42 to 66 with a once daily application of 2% Dermaxyl™ for 56 days showed up to 36% reduction in visible wrinkle volume while wrinkle depth lessened up to 27%. (cellularskinrx.com)
LIPOSHIELD®: Also know as phyto-melanin. Liposhield® is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
PHYTO-MELANIN: Also known as Liposhield®, Phyto-Melanin is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
PhytoCellTec™ Malus Domestica is a patented liposomal preparation of apple stem cells derived from the Uttwiler Spätlauber, a rare Swiss apple variety. These apple stem cells are rich in epigenetic factors and metabolites, which ensures the longevity of skin cells. PhytoCellTec™ Malus Domestica has been shown to protect skin stem cells while also delaying the senescence of hair follicles. PhytoCellTec™ Malus Domestica succeeds in delivering a revolutionary anti-aging performance for real rejuvenation. (mibellebiochemistry.com/products/phytocelltec-malus-domestica/)
patented = پتنت شده، ثبت شده انحصاری

3.5 billion dollars a year attempting to treat their hair loss. There are numerous products on the market addressing this condition. The most popular are Minoxidil (Regain®) an OTC vasodilator medication known for its ability to slow or stop hair loss and promote hair regrowth, Finasteride (Propecia®) also a drug that acts by inhibiting the enzyme that converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in AGA and Aminexil® a patented molecule by l’Oréal. (Capixyl)
CALCIUM ASCORBATE — Ester-C® Topical. A patented form of natural vitamin C, both oil- and water-soluble, clinically shown to retain its potency longer than other forms.While ordinary vitamin C degrades quickly in skin care products, Ester-C® Topical is stable and delivers the full benefit of this powerful antioxidant, penetrating into deep layers of the skin to promote collagen production. (Ester-C® is a registered trademark of Inter-Cal Corporation.) (INCI dictionary)
FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
CALMOSENSINE: Calmosensine™ is a patented peptide that relaxes visible tension lines while relieving feelings of heat, stinging and general discomfort. (cellularskinrx.com)
DERMAXYL: Cell youthening Dermaxyl™, a patented oligopeptide and ceramide blend, inspires older cells to communicate like younger cells. When cells communicate more fully, repair cells can focus on areas of skin damage caused by aging processes. The result is enhanced firmness, better moisture retention, and visible easing of deep wrinkles. Clinical studies testing 24 female subjects aged 42 to 66 with a once daily application of 2% Dermaxyl™ for 56 days showed up to 36% reduction in visible wrinkle volume while wrinkle depth lessened up to 27%. (cellularskinrx.com)
PhytoCellTec™ Malus Domestica is a patented liposomal preparation of apple stem cells derived from the Uttwiler Spätlauber, a rare Swiss apple variety. These apple stem cells are rich in epigenetic factors and metabolites, which ensures the longevity of skin cells. PhytoCellTec™ Malus Domestica has been shown to protect skin stem cells while also delaying the senescence of hair follicles. PhytoCellTec™ Malus Domestica succeeds in delivering a revolutionary anti-aging performance for real rejuvenation. (mibellebiochemistry.com/products/phytocelltec-malus-domestica/)

بیجک = Pay Slip
Pay slip = بیجک، رسید پرداخت وجه

انار = Pomegranate
Pomegranate, Punica granatum = انار

پالپ = Pulp
pulp = پالپ، گوشت میوه
hesperidin methyl chalcone, bioflavinoid found in the peel, pulp, and membranes of citrus fruit, such as grapefruits, lemons, and oranges. Hesperidin methyl chalcone has antioxidant properties, which help it to combat the inflammation and cell damage caused by free radicals. = هسپریدین متیل چالکون ماده بیوفلاونوئیدی که در پوست و گوشت مرکباتی مثل گریپ فروت، لیمو و پرتقال وجود دارد. نقش آنتی اکسیدان داشته و التهاب را کاهش می دهد و در کرم های دور چشم کاربرد دارد.

خلوص = Purity
impurity = ناخالصی، آلودگی

احیا = Recovery
recovery = بازیابی، ترمیم، احیا

CAROB SEED EXTRACT: Phyto-repair molecules restore the balance of natural regenerative skin systems depleted by age. Accelerates the recovery of stressed skin tissue. Reduces redness, inflammation. Skin's resilience, color, and volume are increased. (cellularskinrx.com)
RENOVAGE: Renovage™ supports cell vitality, improves hydration, firmness, elasticity and skin tone. It visibly reduces wrinkles, pores and skin discoloration. Extends cell life by more than one-third. Skin acts and looks younger even when under intense stress. Can show results as quickly as minutes after application and guaranteed after one month of regular, twice-daily applications. Used in CSRx Stress Recovery Complex. (cellularskinrx.com)
TEPRENONE: Also know as Renovage™, a biomolecule used by the pharmaceutical industry to prolong cell life by up to 1/3 or more, even under intense stress. Used in CSRx Stress Recovery Complex. (cellularskinrx.com)

کچلی = Ringworn

گلاب = Rosewater

زبری = Roughness
roughness = زبری

EMOLLIENTS — Oils and other ingredients that soften and smooth the skin and reduce dryness, roughness and irritation. In hair care products, they restore lost moisture to hair fiber, contributing to shine and strength. Examples: coconut fatty alcohols, essential fatty acids, shea butter, jojoba oil. (INCI dictionary) 
امولينت ها: روغن ها و تركيباتي كه پوست را نرم و صاف مي كند، خشكي پوست را كاهش مي دهند و زبري و تحريك پوست را كاهش مي دهد. در محصولات مراقبت از مو، امولينت ها رطوبت از دست رفته رشته هاي مو را جبران مي كنند و به مو درخشندگي و استحكام مي بخشند. مثال ها: الكل چرب نارگيل، اسيدهاي چرب ضروري، كره شي آ، روغن جوجوبا
PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL PENTAPEPTIDE 3: Clinically proven to regenerate the skin's upper layers by stimulating collagen production, thus thickening the epidermis. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of the C-terminal portion of collagen I (the most common type of the nineteen forms of collagen) combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. One could look at Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 as a man-made precursor to collagen I. When this protein is added to cultured human fibroblasts it enhances the synthesis of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin. In vitro, Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen IV synthesis by 100-327% and to stimulate hyaluronic acidsynthesis by 267%. In vivo Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen synthesis by 30-117%. Image analysis determined the effect Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had on wrinkled skin. The six-month results are listed below, though significant results were seen in two months. Results: Mean wrinkle depth -- Reduced 17% Surface area: deep wrinkles -- Reduced 68% Surface area: moderate wrinkles -- Reduced 51% Mean density of wrinkled area -- Reduced 47% Skin roughness -- Reduced 16% Main wrinkle volume -- Reduced 24%. These results show that Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had a dramatic effect on reducing the quantity and depth of wrinkles. It also improved surface smoothness. (cellularskinrx.com)

ساشه = Sachet

ایمن = Safe
Safe = ایمن
Safety = ایمنی
safety profile = پروفایل ایمنی 
safe ecotoxicity = اکو توکسیسیتی ایمن، ایمن برای محیط زیست، بی ضرر برای محیط زیست
Superficial (usually safe) = سطحی (معمولا ایمن)
material safety data sheet, MSDS = فایل اطلاعات ایمنی ماده شیمیایی

تفرق = Scattering

سبوم = Sebum
sebum = سبوم
Sebum  = سبوم، چربی طبیعی پوست که توسط غدد سباسه ترشح می شود
sebumeter = سبومتر، دستگاه سنجش میزان سبوم پوست
goosebumps = راست شدن موهای بدن در اثر سرما، ترس یا هیجان که به آن مورمور شدن هم گفته می شود.
excess sebum = سبوم اضافی 
lack of sebum = نداشتن سبوم
Sebum regulator = تنظیم کننده چربی
sebum production = تولید سبوم
sebum abnormality = غیرعادی بودن سبوم
sebum composition = ترکیب درصد سبوم
scalp excess sebum = چربی های اضافی پوست سر
sebum triglycerides = تری گلیسیرید های سبوم
high sebum excretion = ترشح زیاد سبوم
Regulates sebum secretion = ترشح چربی را تنظیم می کند
excess production of sebum = تولید بیش از حد سبوم
sebum in the sebaceous glands = سبوم در غدد سبابه
lack of natural sebum production = عدم تولید سبوم طبیعی
oily or waxy matter, called sebum = ماده روغنی یا واکسی که سبوم نام دارد
sebocyte, any of the cells that make up the sebaceous glands, and secrete sebum = سبوسیت، سبوسایت، سلول های تشکیل دهنده غدد سبابه که سبوم ترشح می کنند
excess sebum can also cause seborrheic dermatitis an inflammatory skin disorder = سبوم اضافی می تواند باعث درماتیت سبورئیک شود که یک بیماری التهابی پوست است
Oily skin produces too much sebum also known as oil and will have larger pores = پوست چرب سبوم بیشتری تولید می کند و منافذ بزرگتری دارد
sebum is a yellowish oily substance = سبوم یک ماده روغنی زرد رنگ است

سرین = Serine
Serine = اسید آمینه سرین

serine protease = سرین پروتئاز

Potentilla, Potentilla anserine = پنجه برگ چمنزاری، پتنتیلا، گیاه پنجه ای یا پنج انگشت

کنجد = Sesame
sesame oil = روغن کنجد

SESAMUM INDICUM — Sesame Oil. Similar to avocado oil, this rich emollient is high in linoleic and oleic fatty acids. Often used as a carry- ing agent for other ingredients in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
Sesame Oil – Sesamum indicum (INCI dictionary)
Micronized Gold 24k, Organinc Argan Oil, Camellia Oil, Olive Oil, Baobab Oil, Raspberry Seed Oil, Rosa Moschata Oil, Sweet Almond Oil, Neem Oil, Sesame Oil, Boswellia Serrata Oil, Vitamin E, Uva And Uvb Solar Filters. (Miriam Quevado Ultrabrilliant Sublime Gold Lotion Spray)

شکاف = Slot
Slot = شکاف

سودا = Soda
soda = سودا، ترکیبات سدیمی؛ نوشابه یا آب گازدار
soda pyrosulfite = Sodium metabisulfite = سدیم متا بی سولفیت = Na2S2O5 = سودا پیروسولفیت

نرمی = Softness
Softness = نرمی

ARGANIA SPINOSA — Argan Oil. Nutrient-rich oil, high in essential fatty acids and antioxidant vitamin E. Supports the skin’s collagen and improves softness and elasticity. In hair care products, it rehydrates and smoothes the hair cuticle to help reduce frizzing and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
HUMULUS LUPULUS — Hops. Antimicrobial and sedative, very soothing and toning to the hair and skin. In hair care preparations, it adds body and softness and is helpful in the treatment of dandruff and other scalp conditions. Combined with chamomile, it reduces swelling and relieves itching and irritation. (INCI dictionary)
OPUNTIA FICUS-INDICA — Prickly Pear. Antioxidant and nutri- ent, rich in essential fatty acids, clinically proven to firm and protect skin in 28 days with twice daily use. An emollient and soothing agent, it restores softness and elasticity to dry, mature or sun-damaged skin. An excellent addition to anti-aging products. (INCI dictionary)

سویا = Soy Bean
Soy bean, Glycine soja = سویا، لوبیای روغنی

تاتو = Tatoo
tatoo = تاتو، تزریق رنگ به داخل پوست

تیزر = Teaser Ad
teaser ad = تیزر تبلیغاتی

تستر = Tester
tester = تستر

تونر = Toner
toner = تونر
toners = تونرها
Alcohol-free toners can be sprayed on the face and are best suitable for dry and sensitive skin types = تونرهای بدون الکل را می توان روی صورت اسپری کرد. این تونرها برای پوست های خشک و حساس بیشترین سازگاری را دارند
Toners also known as fresheners or astringent = به تونرها فرشنر و قابض هم گفته می شود

حوله = Towel
Towel = حوله
Hot towel = حوله گرم
Bath towel = حوله حمام
Hand towel = حوله دستی
beach towel = حوله ساحل، نوعی حوله که کاربرد اصلی آن در ساحل است اما در اتاق پوست هم استفاده می شود
paper towels = حوله های کاغذی
Towel warmer = حوله گرم کن
a fresh towel = حوله تمیز
Cleanup towel = حوله تمیز کردن
pat dry with a soft towel = با یک حوله نرم با روش گذاشتن وبرداشتن خشک کنید
Rinse with lukewarm water and pat dry with a soft towel. = با آب ولرم بشویید و با یک حوله نرم خشک کنید.

سمیت = Toxicity
toxicity = سمیت

PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
Carmine Cochineal Carminic Acid: Red pigment from the crushed female cochineal insect. Reportedly, 70,000 beetles must be killed to produce one pound of this red dye. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, red apple sauce, and other foods (including red lollipops and food coloring). May cause allergic reaction. Alternatives: beet juice (used in powders, rouges, shampoos; no known toxicity), alkanet root (from the root of this herb-like tree; used as a red dye for inks, wines, lip balms, etc.; no known toxicity; can also be combined to make a copper or blue coloring). (See Colors.) (peta.org)
Beeswax Honeycomb: Wax obtained from melting honeycomb with boiling water, straining it, and cooling it. From virgin bees. Very cheap and widely used. May be harmful to the skin. In lipsticks and many other cosmetics, especially face creams, lotions, mascara, eye creams and shadows, face makeup, nail whiteners, lip balms, etc. Derivatives: Cera Flava. Alternatives: paraffin, vegetable oils and fats, ceresin (aka ceresine, earth wax; made from the mineral ozokerite; replaces beeswax in cosmetics; also used to wax paper, to make polishing cloths, in dentistry for taking wax impressions, and in candle-making), carnauba wax (from the Brazilian palm tree; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; rarely causes allergic reactions), candelilla wax (from candelilla plants; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; also in the manufacture of rubber and phonograph records, in waterproofing and writing inks; no known toxicity), Japan wax (vegetable wax, Japan tallow; fat from the fruit of a tree grown in Japan and China). (peta.org)
ecotoxicity = سمیت محیطی 

cytotoxicity = سمیت سلولی 

phototoxicity = سمیت نوری 

toxicity tests = آزمون سمیت

aquatic toxicity = سمیت آبی 

safe ecotoxicity = اکو توکسیسیتی ایمن، ایمن برای محیط زیست، بی ضرر برای محیط زیست

acute oral toxicity = مسمومیت دهانی حاد 

تیوب = Tube
tube = تیوب، قوطی کرم
Tube pack = بسته تيوب خميردندان
tiny tubes = لوله های کوچک، تیوبهای کوچک، منافذ پوست به شکل لوله های کوچکی هستند که غدد سبابه را به سطح پوست متصل می کنند.
tubercular = دارای برآمدگی
tube bundle = مجموعه یا شبکه ای از لوله ها در مبدل های حرارتی لوله پوسته
Potatoes, Solanum tuberosum = سیب زمینی، کچالو، سولانوم
tubercle = abnormal lump similar to papule = برامدگی زگیل مانند = برآمدگی غیرعادی شبیه پاپول
Shell and tube heat exchanger = The most common type of heat exchanger that consists of a shell (a large pressure vessel) with a bundle of tubes inside it. = مبدل های حرارتی پوسته و لوله که متداول ترین نوع مبدل های حرارتی هستند. از یک پوسته (شِل) و مجموعه ای از لوله های کلاف شده (تیوب باندل) تشکیل شده است.
How It's Made-A Cosmetic Brush - YouTube [360p] = برس آرایشی چگونه ساخته می شود

اوره = Urea
urea = اوره
CENTAUREA CYANUS = زغال اخته, گل ذرت
Cornflower, Centaurea cyanus = گل گندم آبی
ECHINACEA ANGUSTIFOLIA, ECHINACEA PURPUREA = گل اکیناسه

حامل = Vehicle
vehicle = حامل

تنوع = Versatility
versatility = تنوع

formulation versatility = تنوع فرمولاسیون

ویال = Vial
vial = ویال، ظرف آمپول مانند
small vials = ویال های کوچک

فرار = Volatile
volatile = فرار

ESSENTIAL OILS — Volatile liquids extracted from plant materials by steam distillation or expression, which contain the characteristic plant aroma. Unlike fixed plant oils (such as olive oil), essential oils evaporate at room temperature and do not leave an oily residue on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
AROMATHERAPY: The use of volatile plant oils, including essential oils, for psychological and physical well-being. The therapeutic use of pure essential oils and herbs in body massage,which is described by proponents as “healing, beautifying and soothing” the body and mind.The history of aromatherapy stretches as far back as 6,000 years ago in ancient Egypt. It wasn’t until the 1920’s,  however, when the term was actually coined by a  French chemist, R.M. Gattefosse. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTION: Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTS: Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. (fragrance.org)
SOLVENTS: Volatile fluids used to extract water insoluble, odorous substances from plant material. The solvent extract of a plant material is called a concrete. (fragrance.org)
THIN: When a fragrance complex has not been given enough “floralcy” or warmth to soften the impact of the more aggressive and volatile components; lacking in body and depth. (fragrance.org)
TOP NOTES: The first impression of a fragrance when sniffed or applied to the skin; usually the most volatile ingredients in a perfume. (fragrance.org)
VOLATILE: The property of being freely diffused in the atmosphere; easily vaporized at a low temperature. (fragrance.org)
volatile organic compounds or VOCs = ترکیبات آلی فرار

EXTRACTION, Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. = استخراج: استخراج با حلال های فرّار موثرترین و رایج ترین روش به دست آوردن گیاهان است.

EXTRACTS, Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. = عصاره: محصولات حاصل از استخراج با حلالهای فرّار كه تغلیظ شده است.

essential oils, an essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants, also known as volatile oils = اسانس های روغنی، ماده هیدروفوب غلیظ شده که حاوی ترکیبات آروماتیک فرار گیاهان می باشد. اسانس های روغنی را روغن های فرار نیز می نامند.

AROMATHERAPY, The use of volatile plant oils, including essential oils, for psychological and physical well-being. The therapeutic use of pure essential oils and herbs in body massage,which is described by proponents as “healing, beautifying and soothing” the body and mind.The history of aromatherapy stretches as far back as 6,000 years ago in ancient Egypt. It wasn’t until the 1920’s, however, when the term was actually coined by a French chemist, R.M. Gattefosse. = آروماتراپی، استفاده از روغن‌های گیاهی شامل اسانس‌های روغنی برای سلامت فیزیكی و فیزیولوژیكی. استفاده درمانی از اسانس‌های روغنی خالص و گیاهان در ماساژ بدن، شفابخش، زیباكننده و التیام‌بخش برای بدن و ذهن می‌باشد. تاریخچه آروماتراپی به 6 هزار سال پیش به مصر باستان برمی‌گردد. در سال 1920 این واژه توسط یك شیمیدان فرانسوی به نام گَته فوزه ابداع شد.

گردو = Walnut
Walnut, Juglans regia = گردو، جوز، گردوی انگلیسی، گردوی ایرانی

ضدآب = Waterproof
waterproof,water-proof = ضدآب

وحشی = Wild
wild = وحشی، خودرو
wild apple = سیب وحشی
Wild flower = گل وحشی
Wild thyme, Thymus serpyllum = آویشن، هزوه
Wild indigo, Baptisia tinctoria = نیل وحشی

مخمر = Yeast
yeast = مخمر
yeast cells = سلول های مخمر
Baker's yeast = مخمر نان 
Malassezia yeast = مخمر مالاسزیا
moulds and yeasts = کپک و مخمر
lipid-dependent yeasts = مخمرهای وابسته به لیپید
saccharomyces cerevisiae, saccharomycescerevisiae, baker’s yeast = مخمر نان، ساکرومایسیس سرویسیه، ساکارومایسس سرویزیه
pityrosporum ovale, Malassezia ovale, lipophilic yeast belonging to the normal human cutaneous flora = پیتروسپوروم اوال یا مالاسزیا اوال، مخمر چربی دوست که یکی از فلورای نرمال پوست بدن می باشد. آكنه استروئیدی در مواردی می تواند ناشی از فولیكولیت پیتروسپورمی (مالاسزیایی) باشد.
fungus, eukaryotic organisms that includes unicellular microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as multicellular fungi = قارچ، ارگانیسم یوکاریوتیکی که شامل میکروارگانیسم های تک سلولی مثل مخمر و کپک و همچنین قارچ های چند سلولی می شود.

یوکو = Yuko
YUKO = یوکو، برند و نام تجاری تکنیک صاف کردن مو با روش ژاپنی که در سال 2000 موفق به ثبت پتنت در آمریکا گردید. در این تکنیک از مواد شیمیایی استفاده می شود.
yuko hair straightening system = سیستم صاف کننده مو با روش ژاپنی موسوم به یوکو

ماده = Substance
substance = ماده

ANTIOXIDANTS — Substances that counter the destructive effects of free radicals in the body, which are a major cause of disease and aging. Antioxidants protect tissue against cellular damage by stabilizing free oxygen molecules. Often used in natural preservative systems to prevent oxidation of fats and oils. Some natural antioxidants are vitamins A, C and E, alpha lipoic acid and green tea. (INCI dictionary) 
آنتي اكسيدان ها: موادي كه با اثر تخريبي راديكال هاي آزاد در بدن مقابله مي كند. رادیکال های آزاد عوامل اصلي بيماري ها و پيري پوست هستند. آنتي اكسيدان ها از بافت ها در برابر تخريبات سلولي ایجاد شده در اثر رادیکالهای آزاد محافظت مي كند و ملكول هاي اكسيژن آزاد را پايدار سازي مي كند. اغلب در سيستم هاي نگهدارنده طبيعي استفاده مي شوند تا از اكسيداسيون چربي ها و روغن ها جلوگيري كند. برخي از آنتي اكسيدان هاي طبيعي عبارتند از ويتامي هاي A، C، E، آلفا ليپوئيد اسيد و چاي سبز.
EMULSIFIERS — Substances used to help oil and water bind together and stay in suspension. Examples: lecithin, carrageenan. (INCI dictionary) 
امولسي فايرها: موادي كه كمك مي كنند تا روغن و آب به يكديگر متصل شود و به صورت معلق باقي بماند. مثال ها: لسيتين، كاراگينان.
SAPONINS (GLYCOSIDES) — Substances found in nature that foam readily in water, used as foam boosters, emulsifiers and mild cleansing agents in natural shampoos. Examples: quillaya, yucca, soapwort. Soaping agents with proper ties similar to plant glycosides can be made from coconut fatty alcohols and cornstarch glucose. Example: coconut/corn oil soap. (INCI dictionary) 
ساپونين ها (گليكوزيدها) موادي كه در طبيعت يافت مي شوند و خيلي سريع و راحت در آب كف مي كنند. به عنوان تقويت كننده كف استفاده مي شوند. امولسيون ساز بوده و خاصيت پاك كنندگي ملايم در شامپوها دارند. مثال ها: كوئيلايا يا كوئيلاجا، يوكا، گياه صابوني يا وارت صابوني. تركيبات صابوني كه ساختاري مشابه با گليكوزيدهاي گياهي دارد مي توانند از الكل هاي چرب نارگيل و گلوكز نشاسته ذرت به دست بيايد. مثال: صابون هاي روغن ذرت و نارگيل
VOLUMIZERS — Substances that bind to and thicken hair fiber to increase fullness. Examples: soy protein, almond protein, wheat protein, panthenol, herbal gums, quinoa protein. (INCI dictionary) 
حجم دهنده مو: تركيباتي كه به مو متصل شده و موها را ضخيم تر مي كند و پرپشت تر نشان مي دهد. مثال ها: پروتئين سويا، پروتئين بادام، پروتئين گندم، پانتنول، صمغ هاي گياهي، پروتئين كينوآ.
CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS FRUIT EXTRACT — Cayenne Pepper Extract. Its active ingredient, capsaicin (the chemical responsible for making peppers hot) is a powerful analgesic that works by blocking the activity of substance P, responsible for the transmission of pain impulses in the body. An excellent anti-inflammatory and warming agent, used in massage lotions and liniments to soothe tight, overworked muscles and tension. (INCI dictionary)
LIPOSOMES — Micro-capsules or sacs made from fatty substances (phospholipids), easily absorbed by the skin. Used in creams and lo- tions, they penetrate deeply to deliver nutrients, moisture and other substances contained within the sac to internal layers of the skin. (See also Phospholipids.) (INCI dictionary)
MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES — Plant or animal substances that bind with water to form the thick, jelly-like material that cements cells together. Used in skin and hair care formulations for their ability to retain water. Mucopolysaccharides from aloe vera are best. (INCI dictionary)
NON-GMO — Not containing any genetically modified substances. (INCI dictionary)
PHOSPHOLIPIDS (LIPOSOMES) — Fatty substances that are im- por tant constituents of cell membranes. Plant phospholipids are similar to human phospholipids and are readily absorbed into the skin. Phospholipids obtained from soybean oil in the form of leci- thin are used to make liposomes, which act as delivery agents for vitamins and humectants. (See also Liposomes.) (INCI dictionary)
ROYAL JELLY — Substance secreted in the digestive tube of worker bees. A powerful nutrient high in amino acids, minerals and vitamins A, B, C and E.Very soothing and moisturizing to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
SQUALANE — A saturated hydrocarbon found in human sebum, added to cosmetics for its emollient and bactericidal proper ties. Squalane is typically obtained from shark liver oil, but the identical substance can be derived from olives. Olive oil squalane is more stable and much more compatible with the skin than its shark-de- rived counterpar t. (INCI dictionary)
ZINC OXIDE — Occurring in nature as zincite, this water-insol- uble substance makes an excellent sunblock, protecting skin from UVA and UVB rays. (INCI dictionary)
Pain relief has been reported after injection of BTX into hyperactive muscles. In addition, in animal models muscular pain induced by formalin can also be reduced by BTXA suggesting a direct analgesic effect.[18] In rabbit iris muscles and dorsal root ganglia neurons, substance P, a neuropeptide involved in pain reception and neurogenic inflammation, can be blocked together with acetylcholine. (J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2008 Jan; 1(1): 3–6.)
CORTINHIB: Cortinhib™ is derived from the Everlasting plant. It inhibits visible signs of cortisol in the skin. A natural anti-inflammatory, anti-allergenic, and anti-microbial substance. (cellularskinrx.com)
HYALURONIC ACID: Hyaluronic Acid is a naturally occurring substance found throughout the body. It plays an important role in tissue hydration, lubrication and cellular function. Used as moisturizer, hyaluronic acid results in increased smoothness, softening and decreased wrinkles. It is an excellent hydrator used frequently during post-peel procedures to lubricate and soothe new skin cells. It offers an excellent environment for the growth of new cells and healing. It is extensively used by the cosmetic industry and by dermatologists in anti-aging and moisturizing products as HA is very hydroscopic (absorbs and retains water). Hyaluronic acid can absorb over 1000 times its weight in water. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
Duodenum Substances: From the digestive tracts of cows and pigs. Added to some vitamin tablets. In some medicines. Alternatives: vegetarian vitamins, synthetics. (peta.org)
Wax: Glossy, hard substance that is soft when hot. From animals and plants. In lipsticks, depilatories, hair straighteners. Alternatives: vegetable waxes. (peta.org)
Castor Castoreum: Creamy substance with strong odor, originally from muskrat and beaver genitals but now typically synthetic. Used as a fixative in perfume and incense. While some cosmetics companies continue to use animal castor, the majority do not. (peta.org)
Lecithin Choline Bitartrate: Waxy substance in nervous tissue of all living organisms. But frequently obtained for commercial purposes from eggs and soybeans. Also from nerve tissue, blood, milk, corn. Choline bitartrate, the basic constituent of lecithin, is in many animal and plant tissues and prepared synthetically. Lecithin can be in eye creams, lipsticks, liquid powders, hand creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos, other cosmetics, and some medicines. Alternatives: soybean lecithin, synthetics. (peta.org)
Ambergris: A highly prized base note rarely used in non-synthetic form because of its rarity and cost. Why is it so expensive? Because of its origins: The sperm whale eats cuttlefish, whose bones are indigestible and painful to its stomach lining. As a result, it secretes a substance that surrounds the bones. This mass gets excreted, most likely from the whale’s back end. It then floats around in the water, ages, gets oxidized by the sun, and turns into the substance that washes ashore until it’s found by some lucky bastard who can sell it for more per ounce than gold. Ambergris smells earthy, sweet, tobacco-like, and provides a roundness and depth to perfumes. Christian Dior Dioressence perfume was said to have been inspired by perfumer Guy Robert’s encounter with both real ambergris and a knock-off Miss Dior soap. (intothegloss.com)
CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
GUMS, RESINS, BALSAMS: The resinous substances exuded from the  bark, twigs or leaves of trees or shrubs. (fragrance.org)
ISOLATES: Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. (fragrance.org)
MICRO-ENCAPSULATION: A method of incorporating thin-walled, microscopic capsules containing fragrance oils into a solid substance (fragrance advertising inserts, capsules, blotters, paper, etc.). (fragrance.org)
OAKMOSS: A resinous substance exuded from lichen, usually found around oak trees. (fragrance.org)
PHEROMONE: Chemical substance secreted by animals to produce a response by other members of the same species. (fragrance.org)
RECEPTOR CELL: Located in the olfactory epithelium, each cell has microscopic hairs (cilia) extending into the mucus. Odoriferous substances are thought to bind chemically to specific sites on these cilia. This chemical event is translated into an electrical message that is transmitted along the olfactory nerves to the olfactory bulb. (fragrance.org)
SOLVENTS: Volatile fluids used to extract water insoluble, odorous substances from plant material. The solvent extract of a plant material is called a concrete. (fragrance.org)
oily substance = ماده روغنی

natural substance = ماده طبیعی

ISOLATES: Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. (fragrance.org)
Hygroscopic-substances = مواد جاذب الرطوبه

sticky, oily substance = ماده روغنی چسبناک

surface active substance = ماده فعال سطحی

oily and slightly waxy substance = ماده روغنی و کمی واکسی

an oily substance that lubricates your hair and skin = ماده ذوغنی که پوست و مو را روانکاری می کند

pure essential oils are naturally occuring substances found in different parts of the plant = اسانس روغنی خالص، ماده طبیعیست که در قسمت های مختلف گیاهان یافت می شود

pesticides, toxic substances released intentionally into our environment to kill living things = آفت کش، مواد شیمیایی سمی که عمداً به محیط اضافه می شود تا موجودات زنده مزاحم را از بین ببرند

sedative, tranquilliser, substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement = سداتیو، آرامبخش، ماده ای که باعث ایجاد آرامش می شود و هیجان را از بین می برد

ISOLATES, Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. = ایزولات ها: مواد شیمیایی كه تركیبات طبیعی جداسازی شدند.

CONCRETE, Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. = كانكریت: ماده مومی شكل جامد كه با روش استخراج با حلال از مواد گیاهی مثل گلها، ساقه و برگ درختان به دست می آید. ابسولوت از استخراج الكلی كانكریت ها به دست می آید.

sebum is a yellowish oily substance = سبوم یک ماده روغنی زرد رنگ است

کاهش = Downregulation
downregulation = کاهش

مصرف = Consumption
Consumption = مصرف

Consumption permit = مجوز مصرف

glucose consumption = مصرف گلوکز 

study of consumption = مطالعه مصرف

water purification, the removal of contaminants from raw water to produce drinking water that is pure enough for human consumption = تخلیص آب، نوعی فرآیند تصفیه آب تا حدی که به آب آشامیدنی تبدیل شود، زدودن ناخالصی های آب خام برای تولید آب شرب

نسبت = Ratio
Ratio = نسبت
aeration = هوادهی، مواجه کردن با هوا، اشباع کردن یک سیال با هوا یا گاز
titration = تیتراسیون 
alteration = تغییر وضعیت
Maceration = ماسیراسیون، استخراج با روش خیساندن و خواباندن در روغن
Adultration = تقليب
dehydration = دهیدراسیون، دهیدراته شدن، از دست رفتن آب پوست
evaporation = تبخیر
penetration = نفوذ، رسوخ، مثلا نفوذ به داخل پوست
preparation = (در نقش اسم) کرم یا محصول آرایشی بهداشتی که معمولاً دارای خاصیت دارویی نیز می باشد.
Restoration = بازسازی، احیا، بازیابی
decoloration = دکلره، بی رنگ کردن
discoloration = تغییر رنگ 
Considerations = ملاحظات
skin hydration = رطوبت رسانی به پوست
expiration date = تاریخ انقضاء
fast penetration = نفوذ سریع 
fat infiltration = صاف کردن و تصفیه چربی
Spot dehydration = کم آبی موضعی پوست 
cell regeneration = احیای سلولی 
overproliferation = رشد و تکثیر بیش از حد
Declaration letter = اظهارنامه
liquid preparation = محلول آماده مایع
Order registration = ثبت سفارش
aerobic respiration = تنفس هوازی که در میتوکندری سلول ها اتفاق می افتد.
regeneration effect = اثر احیاءکنندگی
Bleach, decoloration = دکلره، بلیچ، بی رنگ کردن
evaporation of sweat = تبخیر عرق
incorporation level  = سطح سازگاری
penetration capacity = ظرفیت نفوذ
penetration enhancer = افزایش دهنده قدرت نفوذ
bacterial proliferation = رشد باکتری
effective concentration = غلظت مؤثر 
Discoloration Darkening = تغییر رنگ تیره شدن
Discoloration Lightening = تغییر رنگ روشن شدن
maximum pentration depth = عمق نفوذ حداکثری
penetration of irritants = نفوذ عوامل محرک به داخل پوست
Separation of the pastes = جدايش فازها
the way of incorporation = روش اضافه کردن به فرمولاسیون
Customs declaration letter = اظهارنامه گمرکی
rational brain or neocortex = مغز منطقی یا نئو کورتکس
food and drug administration = اداره دارو و غذا
red blood cell concentration = غلظت گلبول های قرمز
post-purchase rationalization = توجیه کردن منطقی بعد از یک خرید احساسی
anagen hair/telogen hair ratio = نسبت موهای آناژن به تلوژن
low-viscosity topical preparation = محصول موضعی با ویسکوزیته پایین
MIC, Minimum Inhibitory Concentration = غلظت بازداری حداقل 
A specific ratio oil/water/phospholipids = نسبت ویژه روغن به آب به فسفولیپید
increase in stratum corneum maturation = افزایش بلوغ لایه شاخی پوست
The exact concentration of Malassezia strain = تعیین دقیق غلظت سوش مالاسزیا
dehydration slows down body metabolism by 3 percent = دهیدراته شدن، سرعت سوخت و ساز سلولی یا متابولیسم بدن را سه درصد کند می کند
EVAPORATION, The process of changing from a liquid to a vapor. = تبخیر: فرایند تغییر فاز از مایع به بخار
adulteration, mixing other matter of an inferior with cosmetics = تقلب، اضافه کردن مواد بی کیفیت و گاهی خطرناک به محصولات آرایشی برای سود بیشتر
glitters, tiny pieces of sparkling material used for decoration = اکلیل، ذرات اکلیلی، ذرات کوچکی که برای تزئین استفاده می شوند.
Tooth decay, fillings and tartar build-up can all contribute to discolouration = پوسیدگی دندان، پرکردگی ها و انباشته شدن جرم دندان از عوامل تغییر رنگ دندان هستند.
EAU DE COLOGNE, Contains the lowest concentration of 2-4% base. It’s light, refreshing and can be applied often. = ادوكلن دارای كمترین غلظت یعنی 2 تا 4 درصد اسانس پایه است. ادوكلن ها ملایم و طراوت بخش هستند و می توانند به دفعات استفاده شوند.
COLOGNE (MEN'S), Unlike women’s colognes, it is similar to the concentration of eau de toilette and in some instances perfume. = بر خلاف كلون های زنانه، كلون های مردانه غلظتی شبیه اُدو توالت دارند.
Radioimmunoassay (RIA), a very sensitive in vitro assay technique used to measure concentrations of antigens (for example, hormone levels in blood) by use of antibodies. = آزمون رادیوایمیونو اَسِی، یك آزمون اینویتروی بسیار حساس برای اندازه گیری آنتی ژنها (مثلا سطح هورمونهای خون
MACERATION, Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. = ماسیراسیون: روشی است كه در آن گلها را وارد روغن داغ می كنند سپس پماد به دست آمده را با الكل می شویند.
ALCOHOL, Denatured ethyl alcohol is added to a fragrance compound to serve as the carrier. It modifies the fragrance intensity and makes application to the skin easier. Concentration of alcohol to perfume oils varies from perfumer to perfumer. = الكل، اتیل الكل دناتوره به تركیب عطر اضافه می‌شود تا به عنوان حامل استفاده شود. الکل‌ها شدت عطر را اصلاح می‌کنند و استفاده از آن روی پوست را آسان‌تر می‌نمایند. غلظت الكل در عطر و نسبت آن به اسانس از عطّار به عطّار متفاوت است.
adulteration = تقلب، اضافه کردن مواد بی کیفیت و گاهی خطرناک به محصولات آرایشی برای سود بیشتر
expiration date2 = تاریخ انقضا

الکل = Alcohol
alcohol = الکل

EMOLLIENTS — Oils and other ingredients that soften and smooth the skin and reduce dryness, roughness and irritation. In hair care products, they restore lost moisture to hair fiber, contributing to shine and strength. Examples: coconut fatty alcohols, essential fatty acids, shea butter, jojoba oil. (INCI dictionary) 
امولينت ها: روغن ها و تركيباتي كه پوست را نرم و صاف مي كند، خشكي پوست را كاهش مي دهند و زبري و تحريك پوست را كاهش مي دهد. در محصولات مراقبت از مو، امولينت ها رطوبت از دست رفته رشته هاي مو را جبران مي كنند و به مو درخشندگي و استحكام مي بخشند. مثال ها: الكل چرب نارگيل، اسيدهاي چرب ضروري، كره شي آ، روغن جوجوبا
SAPONINS (GLYCOSIDES) — Substances found in nature that foam readily in water, used as foam boosters, emulsifiers and mild cleansing agents in natural shampoos. Examples: quillaya, yucca, soapwort. Soaping agents with proper ties similar to plant glycosides can be made from coconut fatty alcohols and cornstarch glucose. Example: coconut/corn oil soap. (INCI dictionary) 
ساپونين ها (گليكوزيدها) موادي كه در طبيعت يافت مي شوند و خيلي سريع و راحت در آب كف مي كنند. به عنوان تقويت كننده كف استفاده مي شوند. امولسيون ساز بوده و خاصيت پاك كنندگي ملايم در شامپوها دارند. مثال ها: كوئيلايا يا كوئيلاجا، يوكا، گياه صابوني يا وارت صابوني. تركيبات صابوني كه ساختاري مشابه با گليكوزيدهاي گياهي دارد مي توانند از الكل هاي چرب نارگيل و گلوكز نشاسته ذرت به دست بيايد. مثال: صابون هاي روغن ذرت و نارگيل
TONICS — Herbal extracts that soothe, clarify, stimulate or otherwise improve the condition of the skin, hair and scalp. These are typically extracted in vegetable glycerin, water or natural grain alcohol, or added as essential oils. Examples: horsetail, nettle, ginseng, chamomile. (INCI dictionary) 
تونيك ها: عصاره هاي گياهي كه تسكين دهنده، شفاف كننده، تحريك كننده و بهبوددهنده وضعيت پوست، مو و پوست سر مي باشد. تونيك ها معمولاً در گليسيرين گياهي، آب يا الكل هاي حاصل از دانه هاي طبيعي استخراج مي شوند يا به عنوان اسانس هاي روغني اضافه مي شود. مثال ها: دم اسبي، گزنه، جينسنگ، بابونه.
ALCOHOL DENAT. — Powerful antiseptic, naturally obtained through the fermenting of carbohydrates in grains. Especially denatured alcohol 38b is rendered undrinkable by the addition of an essential oil. (INCI dictionary) 
الكل دناتوره: آنتي سپتيك قدرتمند كه به صورت طبيعي با فرايند فرمنتاسيون كربوهيدرات هاي دانه ها به دست مي ايد. الكل دناتوره غيرقابل شرب است. نوع خاصي از الكل دناتوره كه به آن اسانس هاي روغني اضافه شده غيرقابل شرب است.
ARACHIDYL ALCOHOL — A fatty alcohol derived from coco- nuts, used as an emulsion stabilizer in cosmetic products. ARACHIDYL GLUCOSIDE — Obtained through the condensation of arachidyl alcohol, a fatty alcohol, and glucose. Used in cosmetic products as a surfactant and emulsifier. (INCI dictionary)
BEHENYL ALCOHOL — A fatty alcohol derived from coconuts, used as an emulsion stabilizer in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
CETEARYL ALCOHOL — A mixture of fatty alcohols. Helps stabilize the emulsion in products and has an emollient effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
CETYL ALCOHOL, MYRISTYL ALCOHOL — Coconut Fatty Alcohols. The long-chain fatty alcohols from coconut palm kernels, which are natural emollients. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ACID CREAM BASE — Absorption base containing essential fatty acids, coconut fatty alcohols from palm ker- nels, aloe vera and vitamins A, C and E. Rich in linoleic and linolenic acids (vitamin F), excellent nutrients and skin conditioners. In hair care products, it is often combined with the impor tant amino acids cysteine and methionine, which are high in sulfur and excellent for the hair and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ALCOHOLS — See Cetyl alcohol, Myristyl alcohol. (INCI dictionary)
ETHANOL — A natural alcohol made from fermented sugars. (See also Alcohol denat.) (INCI dictionary)
MYRISTYL ALCOHOL — Coconut Fatty Alcohols. The long- chain fatty alcohols from coconut palm kernels, which are natural emollients. (INCI dictionary)
SORBITOL — A white, sweet, cr ystalline alcohol found in cer tain berries and fruits. Used as a moisturizing agent, and as a sugar substitute. (INCI dictionary)
XYLITOL — Sugar alcohol from the birch tree, often used as a sweetener. (INCI dictionary)
Clove Oil – Eugenia car yophyllus Clovebud Oil – Eugenia car yophillata Cocoa Butter – Theobroma cacao Coconut Fatty Alcohols – Cetyl alcohol (INCI dictionary)
Grain Alcohol (Natural) – Alcohol denat. (38b, lavender) (INCI dictionary)
Natural Grain Alcohol – Alcohol denat. (38b, lavender) (INCI dictionary)
ERGOTHIONEINE: Ergothioneine is a chirally-correct anti-oxidant amino acid superior to CoQ10 and Idebenone. It helps wake up sluggish, stressed skin cells and protects against oxidative stress caused by sugar, browned foods, alcohol, UV light, pollution and stress. A key energizing antioxidant for skin cells. (cellularskinrx.com)
Cetyl Alcohol: Wax originally found in spermaceti from sperm whales or dolphins but now most often derived from petroleum. Alternatives: vegetable cetyl alcohol (e.g., coconut), synthetic spermaceti. (peta.org)
Oleyl Alcohol Ocenol: Found in fish oils. Used in the manufacture of detergents, as a plasticizer for softening fabrics, and as a carrier for medications. Derivatives: Oleths, Oleyl Arachidate, Oleyl Imidazoline. (peta.org)
Cholesterol: A steroid alcohol in all animal fats and oils, nervous tissue, egg yolk, and blood. Can be derived from lanolin. In cosmetics, eye creams, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: solid complex alcohols (sterols) from plant sources. (peta.org)
Steroids Sterols: From various animal glands or from plant tissues. Steroids include sterols. Sterols are alcohol from animals or plants (e.g., cholesterol). Used in hormone preparation. In creams, lotions, hair conditioners, fragrances, etc. Alternatives: plant tissues, synthetics. (peta.org)
Stearyl Alcohol Sterols: A mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate. Alternatives: plant sources, vegetable stearic acid. (peta.org)
Vitamin A: Can come from fish liver oil (e.g., shark liver oil), egg yolk, butter, lemongrass, wheat germ oil, carotene in carrots, and synthetics. An aliphatic alcohol. In cosmetics, creams, perfumes, hair dyes, etc. In vitamins, supplements. Alternatives: carrots, other vegetables, synthetics. (Please note that Vitamin A exists in two forms: see also Carotene, Retinol.) (peta.org)
Lanolin Lanolin Acids Wool Fat Wool Wax: A product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcohols. Alternatives: plant and vegetable oils. (peta.org)
Tallow Tallow Fatty Alcohol Stearic Acid: Rendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline. Alternatives: vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil. (peta.org)
Concentration: There are four major concentrations of fragrance you can buy. They reflect not only the longevity of fragrance, but also its ingredients and qualities. From the least concentrated (smaller perfume oil ratio in relation to alcohol) to highest: Eau de Cologne, with around 2–5 % perfume oils; Eau de Toilette, with around 5–20% perfume oils; Eau de Parfum, with around 10–30% perfume oils; and Extrait or Extract, at around 20—40% concentration. (intothegloss.com)
ABSOLUTE: Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. (fragrance.org)
ALCOHOL: Denatured ethyl alcohol is added to a fragrance compound to serve as the carrier. It modifies the fragrance intensity and makes application to the skin easier. Concentration of alcohol to perfume oils varies from perfumer to perfumer. (fragrance.org)
CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
ENFLEURAGE: In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. (fragrance.org)
INFUSION:  A solution obtained by prolonged contact with hot alcohol. (fragrance.org)
MACERATION: Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. (fragrance.org)
TINCTURE: Fragrant materials produced by directly soaking and infusing raw materials in room temperature or warm alcohol. (fragrance.org)
Rosemary Leaf Water, Alcohol Denatured, Water, Glycerin, Lemon Peel Oil, Butylene Glycol, Pentylene Glycol, Cupressus Sempervirens Leaf/Nut/Stem Oil, Fragrance, Melaleuca Leucadendron Cajaput Oil, Rosemary Leaf Oil, Sage Oil, Saw Palmetto Fruit Extract, Malus Domestica Fruit Cell Culture Extract, Limonene, Ylang Ylang Flower Oil, Shiitake Extract, Grape Seed Extract, Linalool, Isoeugenol, Geraniol, Eugenol, Farnesol, Benzyl Benzoate, Xanthan Gum, Glycoprotein, Methylsilanol, Geramannuronate, Acetyl Tetrapeptide 2, Dextran, Potassium Sorbate, Sodium Benzoate, Sorbic Acid. (Phytolium serum ingredients)
Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract, Alcohol Denat. (Alcool De Betterave), Viburnum Prunifolium Extract, Hydrolyzed Soy Protein, 3 Aminopropane Sulfonic Acid, Sodium Chondroitin Sulfate, Pvp, Pyridoxine Hcl (Vitamine B6), Ethyl Ester Of Hydrolyzed Silk, Panthenol (Provitamine B5), Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract (Procyanidols De Raisin), Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract (Extrait De Thé), Propylene Glycol, Methylsilanol Acetyltyrosine. (Phytocyan serum ingredients)
Alcohol Denat., Cyclopentasiloxane, Octyldodecanol, Caviar Extract, Tocopheryl Acetate, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil, Mica, Beta-Carotene, Ethylhexyl Methoxycinnamate, Propylene Glycol, Benzophenone-3, Bht, Parfum (Fragrance), Hexyl Cinnamal, D-Limonene, Citronellol, Geraniol, Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone, Butylphenyl Methylpropional, Hydroxyisohexyl-3-Cyclohexene Carboxaldehyde, Linalool, Gold (Ci 77480), Titanium Dioxide (Ci 77891), Iron Oxide (Ci 77491). (Miriam Quevedo Sublime Gold Shampoo)
polyalcohol = الکل های با تعداد بیش از یک عامل الکلی

alcohol-free = عاری از الکل، فاقد الکل، بدون الکل

ALCOHOL DENAT = الکل دنات، ضد عفونی کننده قوی که به طور طبیعی از طریق تخمیر کربوهیدرات ها در غلات حاصل می شود.

ALCOHOL DENAT. — Powerful antiseptic, naturally obtained through the fermenting of carbohydrates in grains. Especially denatured alcohol 38b is rendered undrinkable by the addition of an essential oil. (INCI dictionary) 
الكل دناتوره: آنتي سپتيك قدرتمند كه به صورت طبيعي با فرايند فرمنتاسيون كربوهيدرات هاي دانه ها به دست مي ايد. الكل دناتوره غيرقابل شرب است. نوع خاصي از الكل دناتوره كه به آن اسانس هاي روغني اضافه شده غيرقابل شرب است.
ETHANOL — A natural alcohol made from fermented sugars. (See also Alcohol denat.) (INCI dictionary)
Grain Alcohol (Natural) – Alcohol denat. (38b, lavender) (INCI dictionary)
Natural Grain Alcohol – Alcohol denat. (38b, lavender) (INCI dictionary)
Rosemary Leaf Water, Alcohol Denatured, Water, Glycerin, Lemon Peel Oil, Butylene Glycol, Pentylene Glycol, Cupressus Sempervirens Leaf/Nut/Stem Oil, Fragrance, Melaleuca Leucadendron Cajaput Oil, Rosemary Leaf Oil, Sage Oil, Saw Palmetto Fruit Extract, Malus Domestica Fruit Cell Culture Extract, Limonene, Ylang Ylang Flower Oil, Shiitake Extract, Grape Seed Extract, Linalool, Isoeugenol, Geraniol, Eugenol, Farnesol, Benzyl Benzoate, Xanthan Gum, Glycoprotein, Methylsilanol, Geramannuronate, Acetyl Tetrapeptide 2, Dextran, Potassium Sorbate, Sodium Benzoate, Sorbic Acid. (Phytolium serum ingredients)
Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract, Alcohol Denat. (Alcool De Betterave), Viburnum Prunifolium Extract, Hydrolyzed Soy Protein, 3 Aminopropane Sulfonic Acid, Sodium Chondroitin Sulfate, Pvp, Pyridoxine Hcl (Vitamine B6), Ethyl Ester Of Hydrolyzed Silk, Panthenol (Provitamine B5), Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract (Procyanidols De Raisin), Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract (Extrait De Thé), Propylene Glycol, Methylsilanol Acetyltyrosine. (Phytocyan serum ingredients)
Alcohol Denat., Cyclopentasiloxane, Octyldodecanol, Caviar Extract, Tocopheryl Acetate, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil, Mica, Beta-Carotene, Ethylhexyl Methoxycinnamate, Propylene Glycol, Benzophenone-3, Bht, Parfum (Fragrance), Hexyl Cinnamal, D-Limonene, Citronellol, Geraniol, Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone, Butylphenyl Methylpropional, Hydroxyisohexyl-3-Cyclohexene Carboxaldehyde, Linalool, Gold (Ci 77480), Titanium Dioxide (Ci 77891), Iron Oxide (Ci 77491). (Miriam Quevedo Sublime Gold Shampoo)
Cetyl alcohol = ستیل الکل، الکل چرب با شاخه آلکیل 16 کربنه

CETYL ALCOHOL, MYRISTYL ALCOHOL — Coconut Fatty Alcohols. The long-chain fatty alcohols from coconut palm kernels, which are natural emollients. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ALCOHOLS — See Cetyl alcohol, Myristyl alcohol. (INCI dictionary)
Clove Oil – Eugenia car yophyllus Clovebud Oil – Eugenia car yophillata Cocoa Butter – Theobroma cacao Coconut Fatty Alcohols – Cetyl alcohol (INCI dictionary)
Cetyl Alcohol: Wax originally found in spermaceti from sperm whales or dolphins but now most often derived from petroleum. Alternatives: vegetable cetyl alcohol (e.g., coconut), synthetic spermaceti. (peta.org)
fatty alcohol = الکل چرب

EMOLLIENTS — Oils and other ingredients that soften and smooth the skin and reduce dryness, roughness and irritation. In hair care products, they restore lost moisture to hair fiber, contributing to shine and strength. Examples: coconut fatty alcohols, essential fatty acids, shea butter, jojoba oil. (INCI dictionary) 
امولينت ها: روغن ها و تركيباتي كه پوست را نرم و صاف مي كند، خشكي پوست را كاهش مي دهند و زبري و تحريك پوست را كاهش مي دهد. در محصولات مراقبت از مو، امولينت ها رطوبت از دست رفته رشته هاي مو را جبران مي كنند و به مو درخشندگي و استحكام مي بخشند. مثال ها: الكل چرب نارگيل، اسيدهاي چرب ضروري، كره شي آ، روغن جوجوبا
SAPONINS (GLYCOSIDES) — Substances found in nature that foam readily in water, used as foam boosters, emulsifiers and mild cleansing agents in natural shampoos. Examples: quillaya, yucca, soapwort. Soaping agents with proper ties similar to plant glycosides can be made from coconut fatty alcohols and cornstarch glucose. Example: coconut/corn oil soap. (INCI dictionary) 
ساپونين ها (گليكوزيدها) موادي كه در طبيعت يافت مي شوند و خيلي سريع و راحت در آب كف مي كنند. به عنوان تقويت كننده كف استفاده مي شوند. امولسيون ساز بوده و خاصيت پاك كنندگي ملايم در شامپوها دارند. مثال ها: كوئيلايا يا كوئيلاجا، يوكا، گياه صابوني يا وارت صابوني. تركيبات صابوني كه ساختاري مشابه با گليكوزيدهاي گياهي دارد مي توانند از الكل هاي چرب نارگيل و گلوكز نشاسته ذرت به دست بيايد. مثال: صابون هاي روغن ذرت و نارگيل
ARACHIDYL ALCOHOL — A fatty alcohol derived from coco- nuts, used as an emulsion stabilizer in cosmetic products. ARACHIDYL GLUCOSIDE — Obtained through the condensation of arachidyl alcohol, a fatty alcohol, and glucose. Used in cosmetic products as a surfactant and emulsifier. (INCI dictionary)
BEHENYL ALCOHOL — A fatty alcohol derived from coconuts, used as an emulsion stabilizer in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
CETEARYL ALCOHOL — A mixture of fatty alcohols. Helps stabilize the emulsion in products and has an emollient effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
CETYL ALCOHOL, MYRISTYL ALCOHOL — Coconut Fatty Alcohols. The long-chain fatty alcohols from coconut palm kernels, which are natural emollients. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ACID CREAM BASE — Absorption base containing essential fatty acids, coconut fatty alcohols from palm ker- nels, aloe vera and vitamins A, C and E. Rich in linoleic and linolenic acids (vitamin F), excellent nutrients and skin conditioners. In hair care products, it is often combined with the impor tant amino acids cysteine and methionine, which are high in sulfur and excellent for the hair and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ALCOHOLS — See Cetyl alcohol, Myristyl alcohol. (INCI dictionary)
MYRISTYL ALCOHOL — Coconut Fatty Alcohols. The long- chain fatty alcohols from coconut palm kernels, which are natural emollients. (INCI dictionary)
Clove Oil – Eugenia car yophyllus Clovebud Oil – Eugenia car yophillata Cocoa Butter – Theobroma cacao Coconut Fatty Alcohols – Cetyl alcohol (INCI dictionary)
Tallow Tallow Fatty Alcohol Stearic Acid: Rendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline. Alternatives: vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil. (peta.org)
sugar alcohol = الکل های قندی مثل سوربیتول

XYLITOL — Sugar alcohol from the birch tree, often used as a sweetener. (INCI dictionary)
benzyl alcohol = بنزیل الکل، حلالی که به عنوان حامل در رنگ موهای نیمه دائمی استفاده می شود.

fatty alcohols = الکل های چرب

EMOLLIENTS — Oils and other ingredients that soften and smooth the skin and reduce dryness, roughness and irritation. In hair care products, they restore lost moisture to hair fiber, contributing to shine and strength. Examples: coconut fatty alcohols, essential fatty acids, shea butter, jojoba oil. (INCI dictionary) 
امولينت ها: روغن ها و تركيباتي كه پوست را نرم و صاف مي كند، خشكي پوست را كاهش مي دهند و زبري و تحريك پوست را كاهش مي دهد. در محصولات مراقبت از مو، امولينت ها رطوبت از دست رفته رشته هاي مو را جبران مي كنند و به مو درخشندگي و استحكام مي بخشند. مثال ها: الكل چرب نارگيل، اسيدهاي چرب ضروري، كره شي آ، روغن جوجوبا
SAPONINS (GLYCOSIDES) — Substances found in nature that foam readily in water, used as foam boosters, emulsifiers and mild cleansing agents in natural shampoos. Examples: quillaya, yucca, soapwort. Soaping agents with proper ties similar to plant glycosides can be made from coconut fatty alcohols and cornstarch glucose. Example: coconut/corn oil soap. (INCI dictionary) 
ساپونين ها (گليكوزيدها) موادي كه در طبيعت يافت مي شوند و خيلي سريع و راحت در آب كف مي كنند. به عنوان تقويت كننده كف استفاده مي شوند. امولسيون ساز بوده و خاصيت پاك كنندگي ملايم در شامپوها دارند. مثال ها: كوئيلايا يا كوئيلاجا، يوكا، گياه صابوني يا وارت صابوني. تركيبات صابوني كه ساختاري مشابه با گليكوزيدهاي گياهي دارد مي توانند از الكل هاي چرب نارگيل و گلوكز نشاسته ذرت به دست بيايد. مثال: صابون هاي روغن ذرت و نارگيل
CETEARYL ALCOHOL — A mixture of fatty alcohols. Helps stabilize the emulsion in products and has an emollient effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
CETYL ALCOHOL, MYRISTYL ALCOHOL — Coconut Fatty Alcohols. The long-chain fatty alcohols from coconut palm kernels, which are natural emollients. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ACID CREAM BASE — Absorption base containing essential fatty acids, coconut fatty alcohols from palm ker- nels, aloe vera and vitamins A, C and E. Rich in linoleic and linolenic acids (vitamin F), excellent nutrients and skin conditioners. In hair care products, it is often combined with the impor tant amino acids cysteine and methionine, which are high in sulfur and excellent for the hair and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ALCOHOLS — See Cetyl alcohol, Myristyl alcohol. (INCI dictionary)
MYRISTYL ALCOHOL — Coconut Fatty Alcohols. The long- chain fatty alcohols from coconut palm kernels, which are natural emollients. (INCI dictionary)
Clove Oil – Eugenia car yophyllus Clovebud Oil – Eugenia car yophillata Cocoa Butter – Theobroma cacao Coconut Fatty Alcohols – Cetyl alcohol (INCI dictionary)
lauryl alcohol = لوریل الکل، الکل چرب با شاخه آلکیل 12 کربنه

behenyl alcohol = بهنیل الکل، الکل چرب با شاخه آلکیل 22 کربنه

BEHENYL ALCOHOL — A fatty alcohol derived from coconuts, used as an emulsion stabilizer in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
stearyl alcohol = استئاریل الکل، الکل چرب با شاخه آلکیل 18 کربنه

Stearyl Alcohol Sterols: A mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate. Alternatives: plant sources, vegetable stearic acid. (peta.org)
Cetearyl alcohol = ستئاریل الکل، الکل چرب با شاخه آلکیل آمیزه 16 و 18 کربنه

CETEARYL ALCOHOL — A mixture of fatty alcohols. Helps stabilize the emulsion in products and has an emollient effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
myristyl alcohol = میریستیل الکل، الکل چرب با شاخه آلکیل 14 کربنه

CETYL ALCOHOL, MYRISTYL ALCOHOL — Coconut Fatty Alcohols. The long-chain fatty alcohols from coconut palm kernels, which are natural emollients. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ALCOHOLS — See Cetyl alcohol, Myristyl alcohol. (INCI dictionary)
MYRISTYL ALCOHOL — Coconut Fatty Alcohols. The long- chain fatty alcohols from coconut palm kernels, which are natural emollients. (INCI dictionary)
arachidyl alcohol = آراشیدیل الکل، آراکیدیل الکل، الکل چرب با شاخه آلکیل 20 کربنه

ARACHIDYL ALCOHOL — A fatty alcohol derived from coco- nuts, used as an emulsion stabilizer in cosmetic products. ARACHIDYL GLUCOSIDE — Obtained through the condensation of arachidyl alcohol, a fatty alcohol, and glucose. Used in cosmetic products as a surfactant and emulsifier. (INCI dictionary)
hydroalcoholic gel = ژل هیدروالکلی

INFUSION, A solution obtained by prolonged contact with hot alcohol. = اینفیوژن: محلول هایی كه با تماس زیاد با الكل داغ به دست می ایند.

TINCTURE, Fragrant materials produced by directly soaking and infusing raw materials in room temperature or warm alcohol. = تنتور: ماده معطر كه در اثر خیساندن یا دم كردن ماده خام در دمای محیط یا الكل گرم شده به دست می آید. اگر الكل در دمای محیط استفاده شود به آن خیساندن می گویند. اگر در الكل گرم غوطه ور شود به آن دم كردن می گویند.

ABSOLUTE, Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. = ابسولوت به ماده عطری بسیار غلیظ می‌گویند كه با استخراج الكلی كانكریت­ها به دست می‌آید. كانكریت با روش استخراج با حلال از گیاهان به دست می‌آید.

CONCRETE, Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. = كانكریت: ماده مومی شكل جامد كه با روش استخراج با حلال از مواد گیاهی مثل گلها، ساقه و برگ درختان به دست می آید. ابسولوت از استخراج الكلی كانكریت ها به دست می آید.

MACERATION, Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. = ماسیراسیون: روشی است كه در آن گلها را وارد روغن داغ می كنند سپس پماد به دست آمده را با الكل می شویند.

ALCOHOL, Denatured ethyl alcohol is added to a fragrance compound to serve as the carrier. It modifies the fragrance intensity and makes application to the skin easier. Concentration of alcohol to perfume oils varies from perfumer to perfumer. = الكل، اتیل الكل دناتوره به تركیب عطر اضافه می‌شود تا به عنوان حامل استفاده شود. الکل‌ها شدت عطر را اصلاح می‌کنند و استفاده از آن روی پوست را آسان‌تر می‌نمایند. غلظت الكل در عطر و نسبت آن به اسانس از عطّار به عطّار متفاوت است.

ENFLEURAGE, In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. = انفلوراژ: در این فرایند مواد معطر به داخل یك ماده مومی شكل جذب می شود و سپس روغنهای معطر با اتیل الكل جدا می شود. استخراج با انفلوراژ برای گیاهان ظریف استفاده می شود كه در اثر تقطیر ممكن است ملكولهای مواد معطرشان تخریب شود.

Alcohol-free toners can be sprayed on the face and are best suitable for dry and sensitive skin types = تونرهای بدون الکل را می توان روی صورت اسپری کرد. این تونرها برای پوست های خشک و حساس بیشترین سازگاری را دارند

فیتو = Phyto
phyto = گیاهی؛ همچنین نام یک برند فرانسوی به نام فیتو
phytomer = فیتومر
Phytocyan = فیتوسیان، محصولات ضد ریزش موی واکنشی و زنانه از برند فیتو فرانسه
phytolium = فیتولیوم، محصولات ضد ریزش موی مردانه از برند فیتو فرانسه
phytosterols = فیتو استرول ها، روغن های ضد التهاب با ساختاری شبیه کلسترول، برای استفاده در کرم های ضد التهاب، کرم های آفتاب سوختگی و سایر محصولات آرایشی بهداشتی
phytodermatitis = فیتودرماتیت، درماتیت گیاهی، درماتیت تماسی در اثر تماس با گیاهانی مثل گزنه

بنفش = Violet
Violet = بنفش

VIOLA ODORATA — Violet. Analgesic and soothing agent very beneficial to sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
Violet – Viola odorata (INCI dictionary)
LIPOSHIELD®: Also know as phyto-melanin. Liposhield® is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
PHYTO-MELANIN: Also known as Liposhield®, Phyto-Melanin is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
EUGENOL: Powerful spicy odour of clove found in oils of clove and cinnamon leaf. Also found in roses, carnations, hyacinths and violets. (fragrance.org)
IONONES: One of the most valued synthetic perfume ingredients. They have a fresh, violet aroma and were first introduced into perfumery in 1936 in Violettes de Toulouse. (fragrance.org)
Cuticle: The cuticle is the outermost structure of the hair, resembling fish scales packed down up to 12 rows deep. The cuticle is the hair's first defence against all forms of damage that include chemicals, ultra-violet light, styling appliances, styling products etc. A damaged cuticle leaves the hair looking dull and feeling rough, but more importantly, increases the likelihood of extreme damage occurring inside (leading to things such as natural and artificial color fade, split ends and breakage). (thehairstyler.com)
Ultraviolet ray = اشعه فرابنفش 

UV, Ultraviolet = پرتوهای فرابنفش

Sweet Violet, Vila odorata = بنفشه معطر، بنفج، بنفشه واغی

ultraviolet or uv radiation = پرتوهای فرابنفش

ultraviolet rays of the sun = پرتوهای فرابنفش خورشید

EUGENOL, Powerful spicy odour of clove found in oils of clove and cinnamon leaf. Also found in roses, carnations, hyacinths and violets. = اوژنول: رایحه اسپایسی و قدرتمند برخاسته از میخك كه در روغنهای میخك و برگ دارچین وجود دارد. همچنین در رُز میخك صورتی یا كارنیشن و هیاسینت و بنفشه وجود دارد.

IONONES, One of the most valued synthetic perfume ingredients. They have a fresh, violet aroma and were first introduced into perfumery in 1936 in Violettes de Toulouse. = آیونونها: یكی از باارزش ترین مواد عطری سنتزی، رایحه تازه و گل بنفشه دارند. در سال 1936 به صنعت عطرسازی معرفی شدند.

بافت = Texture
texture = بافت

AVENA SATIVA STRAW EXTRACT — Oat Straw. Anti-irritant and softening agent, rich in silica. Used in hair products to improve hair texture and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
EGG OIL — The extract from whole eggs, rich in natural emulsifiers. An excellent emollient and humectant featured in shampoos, rinses and conditioners for dry or damaged hair. In skin care products, it improves texture and soothes and hydrates without clogging pores. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from soy via the enzymatic hydrolysis process. Applied topically, it is an excellent hydrator that improves the texture and resiliency of the skin. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. In hair care preparations it is an excellent conditioner and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
RICINUS COMMUNIS — Castor Seed Oil. Humectant and skin soother, often added to lipsticks, glosses and other cosmetic prod- ucts to improve their texture. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM LAUROYL LACTYLATE — The sodium salt of lactic acid, a food-grade emulsifier and mild surfactant, used as a foam- ing and cleansing agent and to give the hair a soft, silky texture. The emulsifier of choice for natural products, it offers excellent moisturizing proper ties and leaves a smooth feel after application. It penetrates the top layer of skin to offer residual moisturization, extended fragrance release and enhanced delivery of actives. (INCI dictionary)
L-ASCORBIC ACID: It is the most effective form of Vitamin C and acts as a powerful antioxidant. L-Ascorbic Acid is the only form of Vitamin C that is easily absorbed by the skin and is a key element in any anti-aging skincare regimen. Skin is exposed to a variety of environmental insults on a daily basis. UVA/UVB radiation, smoke, air pollution and stress all contribute to the free radical/oxidation process that breaks down the collagen layer of your skin. During this oxidation process, environmental insults cause the skin to form free radicals (O1 molecules) that need to attach to other molecules to become stable (O2 molecules). These free radicals attach to the skin's collagen molecules. This contributes to the breakdown of this collagen layer. Skin starts to look old and loses its natural firmness and elasticity. L-Ascorbic Acid protects your skin from environmental damage and prevents the formation of free radicals. L-Ascorbic Acid is necessary for collagen production and helps to stimulate your skin to produce healthy collagen layers. Over time, the L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum will help to reduce hyperpigmentation, lighten brown spots and improve the texture and firmness of your skin for a younger-looking, more radiant appearance. The 12% concentration of L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum is formulated at a lower ph to ease absorption. It is suspended in a simple stabilizing solution to maintain the effectiveness of the Vitamin C over time. (cellularskinrx.com)
MARAJUCA OIL: Naturally-derived from the seed of the passion fruit plant, sustainably harvested from the forests of Brazil, Marajuca oil is full of antioxidants, linoleic acid and omega 6. Skin's natural lipid barrier is restored and maintained when using this oil for facial cleansing. Hydration returns to normal levels immediately. Firming and other texture changes will occur after continuous use. (cellularskinrx.com)
SEA BUCKTHORN OIL: Rich in omega 3, 6, 7 and 9, oil from this incredible plant replaces moisture lost due to environmental insults and aging. Skin's natural lipid barrier is restored and protected. Skin's texture is improved. Overall, skin's health is greatly improved. Used in CSRx Facial Cleansing Oil and Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
rich texture = بافت غنی

luxurious white texture = بافت سفیدرنگ و مرغوب

light and fluid textures = بافت سبک و سیال

providing a thick texture = ایجاد کننده بافت باقوام

irregular skin surface and texture = ناهموار شدن سطح پوست

skin rashes, noticeable change in the texture or color of your skin = راش پوستی، تغییر واضح در بافت و رنگ پوست

texture of a face serum = بافت سرم پوست

نفوذ = Diffusion
diffusion = نفوذ

DIFFUSION: The ability of a fragrance to quickly radiate around the wearer and subtly permeate the environment. (fragrance.org)
FLAT: Lacking in lift, diffusion and distinction. (fragrance.org)
DIFFUSION, The ability of a fragrance to quickly radiate around the wearer and subtly permeate the environment. = نفوذ: توانایی یك عطر برای متصاعد شدن از روی بدن كسی كه عطر را استفاده كرده به شكل سریع و وارد شدن به محیط

همزن = Mixer
Mixer = همزن، میکسر
very large mixer = همزن ها و میکسرهای خیلی بزرگ
turbine type mixers = همزن های توربینی

سنتز = Synthesis
synthesis = سنتز

ARGININE: An amino acid that binds to the pure glycolic acid molecule. Once bonded, it allows for controlled delivery of glycolic acid into the skin over a prolonged period of time thus reducing irritation that usually accompanies AHA use. Promotes collagen synthesis and increases skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL PENTAPEPTIDE 3: Clinically proven to regenerate the skin's upper layers by stimulating collagen production, thus thickening the epidermis. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of the C-terminal portion of collagen I (the most common type of the nineteen forms of collagen) combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. One could look at Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 as a man-made precursor to collagen I. When this protein is added to cultured human fibroblasts it enhances the synthesis of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin. In vitro, Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen IV synthesis by 100-327% and to stimulate hyaluronic acidsynthesis by 267%. In vivo Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen synthesis by 30-117%. Image analysis determined the effect Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had on wrinkled skin. The six-month results are listed below, though significant results were seen in two months. Results: Mean wrinkle depth -- Reduced 17% Surface area: deep wrinkles -- Reduced 68% Surface area: moderate wrinkles -- Reduced 51% Mean density of wrinkled area -- Reduced 47% Skin roughness -- Reduced 16% Main wrinkle volume -- Reduced 24%. These results show that Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had a dramatic effect on reducing the quantity and depth of wrinkles. It also improved surface smoothness. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
SOY PEPTIDES: Soy peptides stimulate fibroblast proliferation and increase collagen and elastin synthesis. This results in firmer-looking skin. Soy Peptides are used to help prevent proteinase activity (as a result of exposure to UV light and ozone) from degrading collagen bundles in the skin. They can also can help to lighten hyperpigmentation and act as an anti-irritant, reducing inflammation. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
progerin synthesis = سنتز پروژرین

enzymatic synthesis = سنتز آنزیمی 

activation of collagen synthesis = فعال سازی سنتز کلاژن

stimulation of the involucrin synthesis = افزایش سنتز اینوولوکرین

شانه = Comb
Comb = شانه، ابزار آرایش مو
Combing = شانه کردن، شانه زدن
afro-comb = شانه ای که برای موهای ضخیم و فرفری طراحی شده است.
Eyelash Comb = شانه مژه های چشم 
Wooden combs = شانه چوبی
combing force = نیروی شانه خوری
easier to comb = آسان تر برای شانه زدن
combination dry = پوست ترکیبی مایل به خشک
Wide Tooth Comb = شانه دندانه درشت برای گره گشایی از موها
combination oily = پوست ترکیبی مایل به چرب
Combination skin = پوست مختلط، پوست ترکیبی
combing resistance = مقاومت مو در برابر شانه
combination dry skin = پوست ترکیبی مایل به خشک
average combing force = نیروی شانه خوری میانگین 
combination oily skin = پوست ترکیبی مایل به چرب
synergistic combination = ترکیب هم افزا
easier combing from root to end = شانه زدن آسانتر از ریشه تا نوک مو
chelating, The combination of a metal ion with a chemical compound to form a ring = شلات کردن، کیلیت کردن، اتصال یون فلزی به یک ماده شیمیایی
FRAGRANCE FAMILY, Fragrances that are constructed in a similar manner and have key ingredient combinations in common are said to be in the same fragrance family. = خانواده عطر: عطرهایی كه به یك شیوه ساخته شده و یا تركیبات كلیدی یكسانی دارند.
BALSAMS, Sticky, resinous materials obtained from trees or shrubs which give a combined sweet-woody odor associated with well-seasoned, nonconiferous woods such as maple. = بالزام یا بِلسان: ماده رزینی چسبناك كه از درخت یا بوته به دست می‌آید و بوی شیرین چوبی دارد كه به افرا مرتبط است.
FOUGÈRE, The French word for “fern.” Fougère fragrances depend on aromatic chemicals to produce the fern-like notes that combine well with lavender, citrus and coumarin in fragrances for men. = فوژه: لغت فرانسوی فِرن یا سرخس. عطریات فوژه مواد شیمایی آروماتیك برای تولید نوت های سرخس مانند هستند كه از آمیزش لاوندر، سیتروس، كومارین به دست می آید.
hesperidin methyl chalcone, bioflavinoid found in the peel, pulp, and membranes of citrus fruit, such as grapefruits, lemons, and oranges. Hesperidin methyl chalcone has antioxidant properties, which help it to combat the inflammation and cell damage caused by free radicals. = هسپریدین متیل چالکون ماده بیوفلاونوئیدی که در پوست و گوشت مرکباتی مثل گریپ فروت، لیمو و پرتقال وجود دارد. نقش آنتی اکسیدان داشته و التهاب را کاهش می دهد و در کرم های دور چشم کاربرد دارد.
secondary pollutants, A secondary pollutant is not directly emitted as such, but forms when other pollutants (primary pollutants) react in the atmosphere.Examples of a secondary pollutant include ozone, which is formed when hydrocarbons (HC) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) combine in the presence of sunlight; NO2, which is formed as NO combines with oxygen in the air; and acid rain, which is formed when sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxides react with water. = آلاینده های ثانویه هوا که بر خلاف آلاینده های اولیه به شکل مستقیم وارد هوا نمی شوند. بلکه در اثر واکنش آلاینده های اولیه با عوامل دیگر ایجاد می شوند. از ازن تروپوسفری می توان به عنوان نمونه ای از آلاینده ثانویه نام برد. زیرا از واکنش هیدروکربن ها و اکسیدهای نیتروژن در حضور نور آفتاب ایجاد می شود. باران های اسیدی نمونه دیگری از آلاینده های ثانویه هستند. زیرا در اثر ترکیب اکسید گوگرد و اکسید نیتروژن با آب باران ایجاد می شوند.
Combination dry skin may have noticeable follicles, pores, down the center of face = پوست ترکیبی مایل به خشک ممکن است فولیکولها و منافذ نسبتا بزرگ و قابل توجهی در بخش مرکزی وپایینی صورت داشته باشند
Combination oily skin has a wider distribution of the larger pores down the center of the face extending to the outer cheeks = پوست های ترکیبی مایل به چرب منافذ بزرگتری در قسمت مرکز صورت دارند که می تواند تا ناحیه بیرونی گونه ها گسترده شده باشد

قدرت = Strength
strength = قدرت، استحکام

EMOLLIENTS — Oils and other ingredients that soften and smooth the skin and reduce dryness, roughness and irritation. In hair care products, they restore lost moisture to hair fiber, contributing to shine and strength. Examples: coconut fatty alcohols, essential fatty acids, shea butter, jojoba oil. (INCI dictionary) 
امولينت ها: روغن ها و تركيباتي كه پوست را نرم و صاف مي كند، خشكي پوست را كاهش مي دهند و زبري و تحريك پوست را كاهش مي دهد. در محصولات مراقبت از مو، امولينت ها رطوبت از دست رفته رشته هاي مو را جبران مي كنند و به مو درخشندگي و استحكام مي بخشند. مثال ها: الكل چرب نارگيل، اسيدهاي چرب ضروري، كره شي آ، روغن جوجوبا
CHENOPODIUM QUINOA — Quinoa Protein. One of the most complete plant proteins, high in vitamins, minerals and the sulfur- containing amino acids cystine and cysteine, excellent nutrients for the hair, scalp and skin. A fixative in hair styling products, it smoothes layers in the hair’s cuticle to strengthen hair fiber, reduce frizzing and enhance shine. Used in anti-aging creams and facial masks, it firms and nourishes the skin for a more youthful appearance. CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA — Chlorella. Made up of over 60% protein, this green micro-algae contains all the essential amino acids, and is high in chlorophyll and vitamin B. An excellent nutrient, often used as a skin hydrator. (INCI dictionary)
EQUISETUM HYEMALE, EQUISETUM ARVENSE — Horsetail, Bottlebrush. Nutrient-rich herbal high in silica, essential to collagen production. A vegan alternative to collagen treatments, it firms and refreshes the skin and promotes healing. Often used in conjunction with coltsfoot in hair care products, it strengthens the hair shaft and adds sheen and elasticity. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCOPROTEIN — A protein linked to a polysaccharide (glycogen). Glycoproteins (ours are derived from yeast) contain sugars and amino acids, which help strengthen and smooth hair fiber. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from soy via the enzymatic hydrolysis process. Applied topically, it is an excellent hydrator that improves the texture and resiliency of the skin. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. In hair care preparations it is an excellent conditioner and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED WHEAT PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from wheat. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture and is clinically proven to minimize fine lines and wrinkles. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. (See also Hydrolyzed vegetable protein.) (INCI dictionary)
NASTURTIUM OFFICINALE — Watercress. Good source of vitamins A, B-complex and C. Soothing and conditioning, very ben- eficial to the skin. Also shown to strengthen and thicken hair. (INCI dictionary)
PANTHENOL — Vitamin B-5. Natural hair thickener that helps give hair body and hold. An excellent hydrator, it nourishes and strengthens the scalp and promotes hair health. Also used as a natural skin hydrator, it is sometimes known as Pantothenic Acid. (INCI dictionary)
TUSSILAGO FARFARA — Coltsfoot. Superb skin nutrient, high in polysaccharides, vitamin C and zinc. A natural anti-inflammatory and soothing agent, it helps soften and regenerate the skin. Combined with horsetail in hair care preparations, it strengthens and smoothes hair fiber and promotes scalp health. (INCI dictionary)
VACCINIUM MYRTILLUS EXTRACT — Bilberry Fruit. Astrin- gent and tonic, the extract of the berries has been shown to in- crease capillar y strength. A source of natural fruit acids, used in facial masks and lotions to promote exfoliation and encourage a more rapid turnover of skin cells. (See also Fruit Acids.) Taken in- ternally, bilberr y is said to improve night vision and help prevent macular degeneration. (INCI dictionary)
NIACINAMIDE: Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. It stops the skin cells that produce pigment from transferring that pigment to surface skin cells, thereby minimizing unwanted dark spots. It is also an effective moisturizer helping the skin produce more ceramides and fatty acids, which are crucial components of your skin barrier. As that barrier is strengthened, skin is better able to keep moisture in and irritants out. Redness and inflammation are visibly reduced. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer and F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
Keratin: Protein from the ground-up horns, hooves, feathers, quills, and hair of various animals. In hair rinses, shampoos, permanent wave solutions. Alternatives: almond oil, soy protein, amla oil (from the fruit of an Indian tree), human hair from salons. Rosemary and nettle give body and strand strength to hair. (peta.org)
STRENGTH: The relative intensity of a fragrance impression. (fragrance.org)
Medulla: The medulla is the hollow canal that appears in the very center of the hair shaft. It is not known to serve any specific purpose re. the hair's overall strength or appearance. (thehairstyler.com)
strengthen = تقویت کردن

CHENOPODIUM QUINOA — Quinoa Protein. One of the most complete plant proteins, high in vitamins, minerals and the sulfur- containing amino acids cystine and cysteine, excellent nutrients for the hair, scalp and skin. A fixative in hair styling products, it smoothes layers in the hair’s cuticle to strengthen hair fiber, reduce frizzing and enhance shine. Used in anti-aging creams and facial masks, it firms and nourishes the skin for a more youthful appearance. CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA — Chlorella. Made up of over 60% protein, this green micro-algae contains all the essential amino acids, and is high in chlorophyll and vitamin B. An excellent nutrient, often used as a skin hydrator. (INCI dictionary)
EQUISETUM HYEMALE, EQUISETUM ARVENSE — Horsetail, Bottlebrush. Nutrient-rich herbal high in silica, essential to collagen production. A vegan alternative to collagen treatments, it firms and refreshes the skin and promotes healing. Often used in conjunction with coltsfoot in hair care products, it strengthens the hair shaft and adds sheen and elasticity. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCOPROTEIN — A protein linked to a polysaccharide (glycogen). Glycoproteins (ours are derived from yeast) contain sugars and amino acids, which help strengthen and smooth hair fiber. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from soy via the enzymatic hydrolysis process. Applied topically, it is an excellent hydrator that improves the texture and resiliency of the skin. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. In hair care preparations it is an excellent conditioner and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED WHEAT PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from wheat. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture and is clinically proven to minimize fine lines and wrinkles. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. (See also Hydrolyzed vegetable protein.) (INCI dictionary)
NASTURTIUM OFFICINALE — Watercress. Good source of vitamins A, B-complex and C. Soothing and conditioning, very ben- eficial to the skin. Also shown to strengthen and thicken hair. (INCI dictionary)
PANTHENOL — Vitamin B-5. Natural hair thickener that helps give hair body and hold. An excellent hydrator, it nourishes and strengthens the scalp and promotes hair health. Also used as a natural skin hydrator, it is sometimes known as Pantothenic Acid. (INCI dictionary)
TUSSILAGO FARFARA — Coltsfoot. Superb skin nutrient, high in polysaccharides, vitamin C and zinc. A natural anti-inflammatory and soothing agent, it helps soften and regenerate the skin. Combined with horsetail in hair care preparations, it strengthens and smoothes hair fiber and promotes scalp health. (INCI dictionary)
NIACINAMIDE: Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. It stops the skin cells that produce pigment from transferring that pigment to surface skin cells, thereby minimizing unwanted dark spots. It is also an effective moisturizer helping the skin produce more ceramides and fatty acids, which are crucial components of your skin barrier. As that barrier is strengthened, skin is better able to keep moisture in and irritants out. Redness and inflammation are visibly reduced. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer and F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
Gel strength = قدرت ژل

ionic strength = قدرت یونی 

olfactory strength = قدرت بویایی

invigorate, give strength or energy to = تقویت می کند، انرژی می دهد

قطبی = Polar
Polar = قطبی، نوعی رنگ فانتزی برای مو
polarity = قطبیت، تمایل قطبی 
non polar = غیر قطبی
polar head = سر قطبی
polar group = گروه قطبی
nonpolar hydrocarbon chain = زنجیره غیرقطبی هیدروکربن
polarized light spectroscopy = اسپکتروسکوپی نوری پلاریزه
mix of oils with different polarities = تركیب روغنها با قطبیت های مختلف

میکا = Mica
MICA = میکا، ماده معدنی شفاف که در فرملواسیون پودر برای بهبود چسبندگی استفاده می شود
Chemical peel = لایه بردار شیمیایی
Chemical aroma = ماده شیمیایی معطر
chemical bonds = پیوندهای شیمیایی
aroma chemicals = مواد شیمیایی معطر
Chemical peeling = لایه برداری شیمیایی، پیلینگ شیمیایی
Economically sound = مقرون به صرفه
petrochemical free = عاری از مواد پتروشیمی، عاری از ترکیباتی مثل موم پارافین، روغن مینرال، تولوئن، فنوکسی اتانول، پلی اتیلن گلایکول، اتوکسیلات ها (ترکیباتی که آخرشان به eth ختم می شود) مثل میرت، لورت، اولت، ستئارت و همچنین ترکیباتی که حاوی دی اتانول آمین یا مونو اتانول آمین هستند
chemical exfoliants = لایه بردارهای شیمیایی
household chemicals = مواد شیمیایی مراقبت از منزل
photochemical aging = پیری ناشی از نور، پیری در اثر مواجهه با پرتوهای آفتاب
synthetic chemicals = مواد شیمیایی سنتزی
chemical equilibrium = تعادل شیمیایی
chemical peels, peel = لایه بردارهای شیمیایی
chemical nomenclature = نامگذاری شیمیایی
Chemical peel solution = محلول پیلنگ شیمیایی
histochemical techniques = تکنیک های شیمی بافت
highly sorbable chemicals = مواد شیمایی با قابلیت جذب بالا
Chemical hair straightener = موصاف کن های شیمیایی
Non chemical straightening = صاف کننده های غیر شیمیایی مو
exposure to toxic chemicals = مواجهه با مواد شیمیایی
Chemically enhanced products = محصولات بهبودیافته با روش های شیمیایی 
biochemical oxigen demand, BOD = اکسیژن خواهی بیوشیمیایی
Physicochemical specifications = ویژگی های فیزیکی و شیمیایی، خصوصیات فیزیکوشیمیایی
preservatives derived from petrochemicals = نگهدارنده های مشتق شده از محصولات پتروشیمی
dimers, a chemical structure formed from two similar sub-units = دیمرها، ساختار شیمیایی كه در اثر چسبیدن دو زیر واحد به دست می آید.
Ozone, trioxygen, an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O3 = ازن، تری اکسیژن
chelating, The combination of a metal ion with a chemical compound to form a ring = شلات کردن، کیلیت کردن، اتصال یون فلزی به یک ماده شیمیایی
photochemical smog, haze in the atmosphere accompanied by high levels of ozone and nitrogen oxides = مه دود فوتوشیمیایی، دودآلود شدن هوا به علت وجود ازن و اکسیدهای نیتروژن
synapse = a structure that permits a neuron (or nerve cell) to pass an electrical or chemical signal to another neuron = همایه یا سیناپس، ساختار زیستی در پایانهٔ آکسون‌ها که اجازه انتقال سیگنال ها را می دهد.
ISOLATES, Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. = ایزولات ها: مواد شیمیایی كه تركیبات طبیعی جداسازی شدند.
ROS, Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are chemically reactive chemical species containing oxygen. Examples include peroxides, superoxide = گونه های فعال اكسیژن
reactive oxygen species, ROS, chemically reactive chemical species containing oxygen. Examples include peroxides, superoxide, hydroxyl radical, and singlet oxygen. = گونه های فعال اکسیژن به اختصار ROS مواد شیمیایی فعال که حاوی اکسیژن می باشند. مثل پروکسیدها، سوپراکسیدها، رادیکال هیدروکسیل و اکسیژن منفرد
FOUGÈRE, The French word for “fern.” Fougère fragrances depend on aromatic chemicals to produce the fern-like notes that combine well with lavender, citrus and coumarin in fragrances for men. = فوژه: لغت فرانسوی فِرن یا سرخس. عطریات فوژه مواد شیمایی آروماتیك برای تولید نوت های سرخس مانند هستند كه از آمیزش لاوندر، سیتروس، كومارین به دست می آید.
COUMARIN, A chemical compound with a sweet, distinctive vanilla-like odor with grassy elements. Found naturally in some plants, it may also be produced synthetically. It is used by perfumers as a base note to add warmth and depth. = كومارین: ماده ای شیمیایی با رایحه شیرین و شبیه وانیل. از كومارین به عنوان نوت پایه در فرمولاسیون عطر اضافه می شود تا به آن گرما و عمق ببخشد.
AROMA CHEMICALS, Molecules obtained from natural products or made by synthetic organic chemistry that have an aroma. Most of the synthetic aroma chemicals are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule obtained from a natural product. = مواد شیمیایی آروماتیك یا آروماكمیكال ها مولکول‌هایی هستند كه از محصولات طبیعی به دست می‌آیند یا به صورت سنتزی ساخته می‌شوند و بو دارند. بسیاری از مواد شیمایی آروماتیك بوی شبیه مواد طبیعی دارند. به عبارت دیگر شبیه مولکول‌هایی هستند كه از طبیعت به دست می‌آیند.
chemical exfoliants contain chemicals that loosen or dissolve skin cells build up = لایه برارهای شیمیایی حاوی مواد شیمیایی هستند که سلولهای ابناشته شده را شل کرده یا در خود حل می کنند
photochemical smog = مه دود فتوشیمیایی

بالج = Bulge
bulge = بالج، برآمدگی نزدیک غدد سبابه که سلول های بنیادی مو در آن قرار گرفته است.
bulge(1) = بالج

ورسک = Heather
Heather, Calluna vulgaris = ورسک

ندول = Nodule
nodule = ندول، تومور التهابی پوست که از پاپول عمیق تر است.

nodules = ندول ها

nodules 2 = ندول

nodules are smaller tumors = ندول

سرنگ = Syringe
syringe = سرنگ

زباد = Civet
civet cat, viverra civetta = گربه زباد که غده مقعدی آن ماده معطری به نام مشک زباد قابل استحصال است. منبع: کتاب شیمی عطرها نوشته چارلز سل
CIVET, Also called Civet Musk, this is obtained from the odorous sacs of the civets, animals in the family Viverridae, related to the Mongoose. = سیوت یا مُشك زباد از كیسه های بودار حیوانی به نام زُباد به دست می آید.
ANIMALIC, Characterized by bodily aromas or aromas most associated with traditional animal materials such as musk, civet and castoreum. These materials are now banned and have been replaced with musks obtained from plants and civet and castoreum smelling molecules obtained synthetically. = انیمالیك یا حیوانی، به بوهایی گفته می‌شود كه در عطرهای حیوانی سنتی مثل مُشك، سیوت و كاستریوم وجود دارد. این مواد در حال حاضر ممنوع هستند و با مشک‌های به دست آمده از گیاهان و مولکول‌هایی كه بوی شبیه سیوت و كاستریوم می‌دهند و به صورت سنتزی تشكل شده‌اند جایگزین شده‌اند.

فوژه = Fougère
fougère = فوژه

FOUGÈRE: The French word for “fern.” Fougère fragrances depend on aromatic chemicals to produce the fern-like notes that combine well with lavender, citrus and coumarin in fragrances for men. (fragrance.org)
FOUGÈRE, The French word for “fern.” Fougère fragrances depend on aromatic chemicals to produce the fern-like notes that combine well with lavender, citrus and coumarin in fragrances for men. = فوژه: لغت فرانسوی فِرن یا سرخس. عطریات فوژه مواد شیمایی آروماتیك برای تولید نوت های سرخس مانند هستند كه از آمیزش لاوندر، سیتروس، كومارین به دست می آید.

تینت = Tints
Tints = تینت

تقلا = Exertion
exertion = تقلا

چنگک = Prong
prong = چنگک

دشتی = Savannah
Savannah = دشتی، نوعی رنگ فانتزی برای مو

سویه = Strain
strain = سویه، سوش

Beeswax Honeycomb: Wax obtained from melting honeycomb with boiling water, straining it, and cooling it. From virgin bees. Very cheap and widely used. May be harmful to the skin. In lipsticks and many other cosmetics, especially face creams, lotions, mascara, eye creams and shadows, face makeup, nail whiteners, lip balms, etc. Derivatives: Cera Flava. Alternatives: paraffin, vegetable oils and fats, ceresin (aka ceresine, earth wax; made from the mineral ozokerite; replaces beeswax in cosmetics; also used to wax paper, to make polishing cloths, in dentistry for taking wax impressions, and in candle-making), carnauba wax (from the Brazilian palm tree; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; rarely causes allergic reactions), candelilla wax (from candelilla plants; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; also in the manufacture of rubber and phonograph records, in waterproofing and writing inks; no known toxicity), Japan wax (vegetable wax, Japan tallow; fat from the fruit of a tree grown in Japan and China). (peta.org)
MALASSEZIA STRAIN = سویه های مختلف مالاسزیا

different Malassezia strains = سوش های مختلف مالاسزیا

The exact concentration of Malassezia strain = تعیین دقیق غلظت سوش مالاسزیا

کاکل = Toupee
toupee = کاکل، مو مصنوعی، کلاه گیس آقایان

حمل  = Vectorize
vectorize = وکتوریزه، حمل 

سینه = Chest
Chest = سینه
horse chestnut = گیاه شاه بلوط هندی
upper chest and the neck area = بخش بالایی سینه و ناحیه گردن
Spanish chestnut, Castanea sativa = شاه بلوط اسپانیایی

چانه = Chin
chin = چانه
itching = سوزش، خارش، تحریک
itching  = سوزش
matching = همتاسازی، نظیرسازی، مهندسی معکوس عطرها
Bleaching = دکلره کردن موها، بی رنگ کردن موها، بلیچ کردن موها
machinery = ماشین آلات
Anti Itching = ضد خارش
close matching = همتاسازی عطری شبیه به عطرهای مشهور
Kneading machine = ماشين ورزدهنده، منظور همزن هايي است كه در نانوايي استفاده مي شود، براي خميردندان از همزن های مشابهی استفاده می شود.
activator machine = وسیله ای که برای پاکسازی، تحریک و سفت کردن پوست در چهره درمانی یا روش های مراقبت از پوست صورت استفاده می شود.
bleaching your hair = دکلره کردن موها
Itchiness (pruritus) = خارش پوست
In the familiy matching = همتاسازی عطی هم خانواده با عطرهای مشهور
Jojoba, Simmondsia chinesis = جوجوبا، حوحوبا، هوهوبا
itching or burning sensations = خارش یا احساس سوزش
SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEED OIL = روغن جوجوبا, موم جوجوبا
galvanic machine uses two electrodes = دستگاه گالوانیک از دو الکترود استفاده می کند
Chinese Cinnamon, Cinnamomum aromaticum = دارچین چینی، سلیخه
ECHINACEA ANGUSTIFOLIA, ECHINACEA PURPUREA = گل اکیناسه
rosacea, a very common skin disease that affects people over the age of 30. It causes redness on your nose, cheeks, chin, and forehead = رزاسه، بیماری رایج پوستی که افراد بالای 30 سال را تحت تأثیر قرار می دهد و با قرمزی روی بینی، گونه، چانه و پیشانی بروز می کند
mechanical method of exfoliating is with the use of for example microdermabrasion machine = روش مکانیکی لایه برادی مثلا با استفاده از میکرودرم ابریژن
Pores may be clogged on the nose, chin and center of the forehead = منافذ پوست در ناحیه بینی، چانه ومرکز پیشانی ممکن است مسدود شده باشد

سیست = Cyst
cyst = کیست
cysts = کیست ها = برآمدگی های غیرعادی پوست که حاوی چرک یا یک مایع غیر معمول است
acne cyst = آکنه کیستی، کیست آکنه
Cyst /sɪst/ = کسیت
dodule/cyst = ندول، کیست
acne cystica = نوعی آکنه با زخم هایی که کیست های اولیه هستند همراه است.
CYSTEINE, CYSTINE = سیستئین
cystic or nodular acne = آکنه کیستی یا ندولار
cyst is semi fluid abnormal fomation above or below the skin that contains pus or abnormal matter = کیست = برآمدگی غیرعادی پوست که حاوی چرک یا یک مایع غیر معمول است
cyst is semi fluid abnormal affirmation above or below the skin that contains pus or abnormal matter = کیست زائده ای با شکل غیر طبیعی حاوی ماده چرکی شبه سیال است که بالا یا زیر پوست تشکیل می شود

آرنج = Elbow
elbow = آرنج

زانو = Knee
knee = زانو

گردن = Neck
Neck = گردن
nape of the neck = پس گردن
neck decollete area = ناحیه گردن و دکلته
upper chest and the neck area = بخش بالایی سینه و ناحیه گردن
apply tan sparingly to your neck and face = ماده برنزه کننده را به مقدار زیاد روی صورت و گردن استفاده کن

حلال = Solvent
solvent = حلال

FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
ABSOLUTE: Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. (fragrance.org)
CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTION: Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTS: Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. (fragrance.org)
SOLVENTS: Volatile fluids used to extract water insoluble, odorous substances from plant material. The solvent extract of a plant material is called a concrete. (fragrance.org)
solvents = حلال ها

FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
EXTRACTION: Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTS: Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. (fragrance.org)
SOLVENTS: Volatile fluids used to extract water insoluble, odorous substances from plant material. The solvent extract of a plant material is called a concrete. (fragrance.org)
residual solvents = حلال باقیمانده

solvent extraction = استخراج با حلال

CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTION, Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. = استخراج: استخراج با حلال های فرّار موثرترین و رایج ترین روش به دست آوردن گیاهان است.

EXTRACTS, Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. = عصاره: محصولات حاصل از استخراج با حلالهای فرّار كه تغلیظ شده است.

ABSOLUTE, Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. = ابسولوت به ماده عطری بسیار غلیظ می‌گویند كه با استخراج الكلی كانكریت­ها به دست می‌آید. كانكریت با روش استخراج با حلال از گیاهان به دست می‌آید.

CONCRETE, Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. = كانكریت: ماده مومی شكل جامد كه با روش استخراج با حلال از مواد گیاهی مثل گلها، ساقه و برگ درختان به دست می آید. ابسولوت از استخراج الكلی كانكریت ها به دست می آید.

solvent extraction, Liquid–liquid extraction also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water and an organic solvent. = استخراج با حلال یا استخراج مایع مایع که به آن پارتیشنینگ نیز می گویند، روشی برای جداسازی ترکیبات بر مبنای حلالیت نسبی آن ها به دو فاز مایع غیر قابل امتزاج (معمولا آب و فاز حلال ارگانیک) می باشد

TEWL = Transepidermal Water Loss
TEWL, Trans-Epidermal Water Loss, Transepidermal water loss, TWL = تبخیر نامحسوس رطوبت از سطح پوست، تبخیر نامحسوس آب از اپیدرم، تبخیر نامحسوس پوست، اتلاف آب ترانس اپیدرمال، اتلاف رطوبت از طریق ایپدرم، تبخیر نامحسوس آب از سطح پوست

شفاف = Transparent
transparent = کاملاً شفاف

MICA — A transparent mineral used in powdered makeup to improve adhesion, even out skin tones and give a creamy, smooth feel to the product. (INCI dictionary)

رزاسه = Rosacea
acne rosacea = آکنه رزاسه

couperose, rosacea = کوپروز، رزاسه، برافروختگی پوست، یکی از عوارض و بیماری های پوستی که وجود قرمزی و برجستگی های قرمز و کوچک روی صورت از علائم آن است.

rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition of the cheeks and nose = رزاسه عارضه التهابی مزمن گونه و بینی است

Symptom of: eczema and rosacea,infections like scarlet fever andshingles, temperature exposure,stress = علائم بیماری هایی مثل: اگزما و روزاسه، عفونت هایی مانند مخملک و زونا، قرار گرفتن در معرض دما، استرس

rosacea, a very common skin disease that affects people over the age of 30. It causes redness on your nose, cheeks, chin, and forehead = رزاسه، بیماری رایج پوستی که افراد بالای 30 سال را تحت تأثیر قرار می دهد و با قرمزی روی بینی، گونه، چانه و پیشانی بروز می کند

rosacea = رزاسه

LICORICE ROOT EXTRACT: This extract helps to reduce redness caused by stress, acne and rosacea. (cellularskinrx.com)

پودر = Powder
powder = پودر

ACACIA CATECHU BARK POWDER — Acacia, Katha. Used as a natural coloring agent in henna hair preparations. (INCI dictionary) 
پودر تنه درخت آكاسيا به عنوان ماده رنگي طبيعي در محصولات موي بر پايه حنا استفاده مي شود.
BETULA ALBA — White Birch Extract. Powdered extract from the bark of the birch tree, known for its soothing and purifying effect on the skin. Herbalists use it in the treatment of many skin dis- orders. An excellent addition to sun care products and face creams. (INCI dictionary)
CAMELLIA SINENSIS LEAF EXTRACT, LEAF POWDER Green Tea. The benefits of green tea to the skin have been widely documented. This powerful antioxidant (20 times stronger than vi- tamin E) inhibits the formation of cancer-causing free radicals and helps prevent skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pol- lution. An impor tant ingredient in sun care products, as well as in creams, lotions, shampoos and conditioners. An anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant, it is high in xanthines, very soothing and moisturiz- ing to both hair and skin. Powdered Matcha green tea from Japan is the finest. (INCI dictionary)
CINNAMOMUM ZEYLANICUM BARK POWDER — Cinna- mon. Fragrant spice used as a coloring agent in natural makeup. Has antioxidant and antimicrobial proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
COPERNICIA CERIFERA — Carnauba Wax. Plant wax used as a thickening agent in cosmetics, and to increase the spreadability of powdered makeup for better coverage. (INCI dictionary) 
واكس كارنوبا: واكس ياموم گياهي كه به عنوان قوام دهنده در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي (كازمتيك) استفاده مي شود تا قابليت پخش لوازم آرايشي پودري را افزايش داده و پوشش آنها را بهتر كند.
IRON OXIDES — Hematite. A mineral used as a coloring agent in face powders and makeups. Varies in color from reddish-brown to black. (INCI dictionary)
JUGLANS REGIA SHELL POWDER — Walnut Shells. Natural exfoliants used in facial masks. The mild scrubbing action of ground walnut shells helps break up oil deposits and clear away dead skin cells and debris. (INCI dictionary)
LAUROYL LYSINE — Fine powder derived from the amino acid lysine and lauric acid from coconut. Adds a silky feel to makeup powders. (INCI dictionary)
MICA — A transparent mineral used in powdered makeup to improve adhesion, even out skin tones and give a creamy, smooth feel to the product. (INCI dictionary)
OLEA EUROPAEA — Olive Kernel Powder. Mild exfoliant de- rived from olive seeds. (INCI dictionary)
ORYZA SATIVA STARCH — Rice Starch. Used in baby powders in place of talc, and in powdered makeup to improve spreadability and add a soft, smooth feel to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
PIMENTA OFFICINALIS FRUIT POWDER — Allspice. The ground dried berries of an evergreen indigenous to the West In- dies, often used as a flavoring agent or fragrance. An antiseptic and astringent, it is an effective scalp tonic in hair care products. (INCI dictionary)
PRUNUS ARMENIACA — Apricot Kernels, Apricot Seeds. Ground into a powdered form, these ingredients are added to exfo- liating masks and scrubs for their smoothing effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
SILK POWDER — Used in makeup powders to even out skin tones and leave the complexion soft and smooth. Obtained from silk threads, it is high in amino acids and vitamin E. (INCI dictionary)
SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEED POWDER — Jojoba Meal. High in protein and natural fibers, this byproduct of the moisture-rich jojo- ba plant contains 17 amino acids. Its mild exfoliating properties help clear away dead skin cells and nourish and deep-cleanse the complex- ion without drying it out. (INCI dictionary)
TAPIOCA STARCH — Used in powdered makeup to improve spreadability and impar t a silky feel to the product. (INCI dictionary)
ZEA MAYS — Corn Cob Meal. Powder obtained from ground dried corncobs, added to masks and scrubs for its pore-clearing and exfoliating proper ties. Sometimes used as a thickener. (INCI dictionary)
ZINGIBER OFFICINALE — Ginger. Anti-inflammator y and stim- ulant with warming and soothing proper ties. Used in creams, lo- tions and hair care products, it promotes circulation to the skin and scalp. In both powdered and essential oil form, it is an excellent ingredient for bath soaks and other personal care products. Some- times used in small amounts as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
Matcha Green Tea – Camellia sinensis leaf powder Mate, Yerba Mate – Ilex paraguayensis Meadowsweet – Spiraea ulmaria (INCI dictionary)
Olive Oil, Kernel Powder, Leaf Extract – Olea europaea (INCI dictionary)
Riboxyl™ is a pure natural D-ribose obtained from corn seed by biotechnology. Riboxyl™ generates new ATP (adenosine triphosphate) to rebuild energyc supplies. Riboxyl™ is thus a natural cellular energizer increasing cellular respiration for a global anti-aging action: anti-wrinkle, skin elasticity improvement and complexion enhancement. It is a stable, odorless white powder that is highly water soluble and easy to formulate. (ulprospector.com)
Lecithin Choline Bitartrate: Waxy substance in nervous tissue of all living organisms. But frequently obtained for commercial purposes from eggs and soybeans. Also from nerve tissue, blood, milk, corn. Choline bitartrate, the basic constituent of lecithin, is in many animal and plant tissues and prepared synthetically. Lecithin can be in eye creams, lipsticks, liquid powders, hand creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos, other cosmetics, and some medicines. Alternatives: soybean lecithin, synthetics. (peta.org)
Carmine Cochineal Carminic Acid: Red pigment from the crushed female cochineal insect. Reportedly, 70,000 beetles must be killed to produce one pound of this red dye. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, red apple sauce, and other foods (including red lollipops and food coloring). May cause allergic reaction. Alternatives: beet juice (used in powders, rouges, shampoos; no known toxicity), alkanet root (from the root of this herb-like tree; used as a red dye for inks, wines, lip balms, etc.; no known toxicity; can also be combined to make a copper or blue coloring). (See Colors.) (peta.org)
Silk Silk Powder: Silk is the shiny fiber made by silkworms to form their cocoons. Worms are boiled in their cocoons to get the silk. Used in cloth. In silk-screening (other fine cloth can be and is used instead). Taffeta can be made from silk or nylon. Silk powder is obtained from the secretion of the silkworm. It is used as a coloring agent in face powders, soaps, etc. Can cause severe allergic skin reactions and systemic reactions if inhaled or ingested. Alternatives: milkweed seed-pod fibers, nylon, silk-cotton tree and ceiba tree filaments (kapok), rayon, and synthetic silks. (peta.org)
Orris: The “butter” from the dried roots of the iris flower, orris is a prized and expensive perfume ingredient that creates a rich, earthy, carroty, powdery effect in fragrances. In Balenciaga Le Dix, and showcased and highlighted in Serge Lutens’ haunting Iris Silver Mist. (intothegloss.com)
INCENSE: The burning of fragrant gums or resins in a solid or powder form. It gives off a lingering, scented smoke and is the original form in which fragrance was used. (fragrance.org)
POWDERY: Sweet, dry, somewhat musky odor. (fragrance.org)
Clay Lighteners: Clay lighteners are lightening powders that contain organic pigments and also (they claim) 17 amino acids, silk extracts, olive oil, panthenol and milk, as well as being ammonia free. They are not clay at all and are simply promoted as natural and better for the condition of the hair. They are effective, but can easily be over-processed and can cause serious damage to the hair shaft if adequate care is not taken. (thehairstyler.com)
Powdery = پودری

Orris: The “butter” from the dried roots of the iris flower, orris is a prized and expensive perfume ingredient that creates a rich, earthy, carroty, powdery effect in fragrances. In Balenciaga Le Dix, and showcased and highlighted in Serge Lutens’ haunting Iris Silver Mist. (intothegloss.com)
POWDERY: Sweet, dry, somewhat musky odor. (fragrance.org)
Powder puff = وسیله ای نرم برای پودرزنی

SILK POWDER = پودر ابریشم

SILK POWDER — Used in makeup powders to even out skin tones and leave the complexion soft and smooth. Obtained from silk threads, it is high in amino acids and vitamin E. (INCI dictionary)
Silk Silk Powder: Silk is the shiny fiber made by silkworms to form their cocoons. Worms are boiled in their cocoons to get the silk. Used in cloth. In silk-screening (other fine cloth can be and is used instead). Taffeta can be made from silk or nylon. Silk powder is obtained from the secretion of the silkworm. It is used as a coloring agent in face powders, soaps, etc. Can cause severe allergic skin reactions and systemic reactions if inhaled or ingested. Alternatives: milkweed seed-pod fibers, nylon, silk-cotton tree and ceiba tree filaments (kapok), rayon, and synthetic silks. (peta.org)
loose powder = پودرهای نرم

Powder Brush = برس پودر 

Broken powder = پودر خرد شده 

eyeshadow powder = پودر سایه چشم

powder foundation = فنداسیون های پودری آرایش

light beige powder = پودر بژ رنگ سبک

Decolorizing powder = پودر دکلره

Free flowing powder = پودري كه آزادانه جاري مي شود

White fluffy powder = پودر نرم سفيد

Micro granulated powder = پودر میکروگرانوله، پودر گرانول شده، دانه دانه شده با اندازه های ریز

powdery makeup products = مواد آرایشی پودری

pressed powder products = محصولات پودری فشرده

Add water to clay powder = آب را به پودر خاک رس اضافه کنید

ACACIA CATECHU BARK POWDER = پودر تنه درخت اقاقیا

ACACIA CATECHU BARK POWDER — Acacia, Katha. Used as a natural coloring agent in henna hair preparations. (INCI dictionary) 
پودر تنه درخت آكاسيا به عنوان ماده رنگي طبيعي در محصولات موي بر پايه حنا استفاده مي شود.
JUGLANS REGIA SHELL POWDER = پوسته گردو

JUGLANS REGIA SHELL POWDER — Walnut Shells. Natural exfoliants used in facial masks. The mild scrubbing action of ground walnut shells helps break up oil deposits and clear away dead skin cells and debris. (INCI dictionary)
PIMENTA OFFICINALIS FRUIT POWDER = فلفل دلمه ای

CINNAMOMUM ZEYLANICUM BARK POWDER = سینا-مون

CINNAMOMUM ZEYLANICUM BARK POWDER — Cinna- mon. Fragrant spice used as a coloring agent in natural makeup. Has antioxidant and antimicrobial proper ties. (INCI dictionary)

لوریک = Lauric
lauric = لوریک

LAUROYL LYSINE — Fine powder derived from the amino acid lysine and lauric acid from coconut. Adds a silky feel to makeup powders. (INCI dictionary)
Fatty Acids: Can be one or any mixture of liquid and solid acids such as caprylic, lauric, myristic, oleic, palmitic, and stearic. Used in bubble baths, lipsticks, soap, detergents, cosmetics, food. Alternatives: vegetable-derived acids, soy lecithin, safflower oil, bitter almond oil, sunflower oil, etc. (peta.org)
Lauric acid, dodecanoic acid, saturated fatty acid with a 12-carbon atom chain = لوریک اسید، دودکانوئیک اسید، اسید چرب اشباع شده با 12 اتم کربن

کلون = Colognes
colognes = کلن

NATURAL FLOWER OIL — Oil extracted from flowers and used in synthetic-free perfumes and colognes. A natural fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
PIMENTA ACRIS, PIMENTA RACEMOSA — Bay Rum. Essential oil native to the West Indies. A tonic for skin and scalp, widely used in men’s colognes and aftershaves for its fresh, spicy scent. (See also Pimenta officinalis.) (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS: Odors from citrus fruits such as orange, lemon, lime, mandarin and bergamot which give fresh, fruity top notes used especially in eau fraiche, classical and men’s colognes. (fragrance.org)
COLOGNE (MEN'S): Unlike women’s colognes, it is similar to the concentration of eau de toilette and in some instances perfume. (fragrance.org)
COLOGNE (MEN'S), Unlike women’s colognes, it is similar to the concentration of eau de toilette and in some instances perfume. = بر خلاف كلون های زنانه، كلون های مردانه غلظتی شبیه اُدو توالت دارند.

CITRUS, Odors from citrus fruits such as orange, lemon, lime, mandarin and bergamot which give fresh, fruity top notes used especially in eau fraiche, classical and men’s colognes. = سیتروس: بوهایی كه از میوه های مركبات مثل پرتقال، لیمو، لیموترش، ماندارین و برگاموت بدست می آید و رایحه فوقانی تازه و میوه ای دارد. در ادكلن های كلاسیك مردانه استفاده می شود.

مقطره = Absolute
absolute = خالص و بدون نقص، مطلق، ابسلوت

ABSOLUTE: Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. (fragrance.org)
CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
RHIZOMES: Root-like stems with nodes, which grow under or along the ground. Certain perfume raw materials come from rhizomes, e.g., Orris absolute and ginger oil. (fragrance.org)
ABSOLUTE, Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. = ابسولوت به ماده عطری بسیار غلیظ می‌گویند كه با استخراج الكلی كانكریت­ها به دست می‌آید. كانكریت با روش استخراج با حلال از گیاهان به دست می‌آید.

CONCRETE, Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. = كانكریت: ماده مومی شكل جامد كه با روش استخراج با حلال از مواد گیاهی مثل گلها، ساقه و برگ درختان به دست می آید. ابسولوت از استخراج الكلی كانكریت ها به دست می آید.

استون = Acetone
acetone = استون، مایع قابل اشتعال، بی رنگ، قابل امتزاج با آب و الکل و اتر که طعم شیرین اما سوزاننده دارد و به عنوان حلال استفاده می شود.

Dihydroxyacetone = دی هیدروکسی استون

هوازی = Aerobic
aerobic = هوازی، قابل زیستن یا رخ دادن فقط در شرایط حضور اکسیژن. به ورزش ها و رقص هایی که باعث افزایش ضربان قلب می شوند نیز گفته می شود.

aerobic respiration = تنفس هوازی که در میتوکندری سلول ها اتفاق می افتد.

انبیق = Alembic
alembic = قرع و انبیق، ابزار گلاب گیری قدیم، ظرف تقطیر برای تولید گلاب و اسانس

آلرژی = Allergy
allergy = آلرژی، حساسیت

atopic dermatitis describes skin inflammation that results from an allergy = درماتیت آتوپیک ، التهاب پوست که در اثر یک آلرژی بوجود آمده را توصیف می کند

atopic refers to allergy = کلمه آتوپیک به آلرژی اشاره دارد

بادام = Almond
Almond oil = روغن بادام

PRUNUS AMYGDALUS AMARA — Bitter Almond Oil. Essential oil used as a skin softener. Sometimes added to cosmetics for its mild, pleasant scent. (INCI dictionary)
PRUNUS AMYGDALUS DULCIS — Sweet Almond Oil, Sweet Almond Butter. Excellent emollient high in oleic, linoleic and other fatty acids, ideal in the treatment of very dry hair and skin. Soothing and moisturizing. A good absorption base. (INCI dictionary)
PRUNUS ARMENIACA KERNEL OIL — Apricot Oil. Essential oil from apricot pits, also known as persic oil. An emollient similar in composition to almond oil, it has a softening effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
Almond Butter, Almond Meal – Prunus amygdalus dulcis Almond Oil – See Sweet Almond Oil; Bitter Almond Oil Aloe, Aloe Vera – Aloe barbadensis (INCI dictionary)
Mink Oil: From minks. In cosmetics, creams, etc. Alternatives: vegetable oils and emollients such as avocado oil, almond oil, and jojoba oil. (peta.org)
Animal Fats and Oils: In foods, cosmetics, etc. Highly allergenic. Alternatives: olive oil, wheat germ oil, coconut oil, flaxseed oil, almond oil, safflower oil, etc. (peta.org)
Collagen: Fibrous protein in vertebrates. Usually derived from animal tissue. Can’t affect the skin’s own collagen. An allergen. Alternatives: soy protein, almond oil, amla oil (see alternatives to Keratin), etc. (peta.org)
Fatty Acids: Can be one or any mixture of liquid and solid acids such as caprylic, lauric, myristic, oleic, palmitic, and stearic. Used in bubble baths, lipsticks, soap, detergents, cosmetics, food. Alternatives: vegetable-derived acids, soy lecithin, safflower oil, bitter almond oil, sunflower oil, etc. (peta.org)
Keratin: Protein from the ground-up horns, hooves, feathers, quills, and hair of various animals. In hair rinses, shampoos, permanent wave solutions. Alternatives: almond oil, soy protein, amla oil (from the fruit of an Indian tree), human hair from salons. Rosemary and nettle give body and strand strength to hair. (peta.org)
Micronized Gold 24k, Organinc Argan Oil, Camellia Oil, Olive Oil, Baobab Oil, Raspberry Seed Oil, Rosa Moschata Oil, Sweet Almond Oil, Neem Oil, Sesame Oil, Boswellia Serrata Oil, Vitamin E, Uva And Uvb Solar Filters. (Miriam Quevado Ultrabrilliant Sublime Gold Lotion Spray)
Almond flavor = رایحه بادام

Almond, Prunus species = بادام

Tropical Almond, Terminalia chebula = هلیله، بادام گرمسیری

آمپول = Ampulla
Ampulla = آمپول

آناژن = Anagen
anagen = آناژن، فاز رشد سیکل مو

Anagen: the Growth phase. Hair is actively growing; this phase can last from 2 to 6 years. (Capixyl)
Telogen: the Resting phase. The hair stays attached to the follicle and falls out only to be replaced by the next building hair in the anagen phase. This phase lasts approximately 100 days. (Capixyl)
anagen hair/telogen hair ratio = نسبت موهای آناژن به تلوژن

ضدعرق = Antiperspirant
Antiperspirant = ضدعرق، آنتی پرسپیرانت، دسته از محصولات آرایشی بهداشتی هستند که به صورت موضعی روی پوست زیربغل مالیده می شوند تا خیسی ایجاد شده در اثر ترشحات غدد آکرینی را کم کنند

Chitosan: A fiber derived from crustacean shells. Used as a lipid binder in diet products; hair, oral, and skin-care products; antiperspirants; and deodorants. Alternatives: raspberries, yams, legumes, dried apricots, many other fruits and vegetables. (peta.org)

حلقوی = Areolar
areolar = حلقوی

آروما = Aroma
aroma = آروما، ماده معطر، اسانس، ماده خوشبو، ترکیبات آروماتیک
plant aroma = آرومای گیاهی
aromatherapy = آروماتراپی، رایحه درمانی
aromatherapist = آروماتراپیست
aromatic agent = ماده معطر و آروماتیک
Chemical aroma = ماده شیمیایی معطر
aroma chemicals = مواد شیمیایی معطر
Aromatic plants = گیاهان معطر
Clove, syzgium aromaticum = میخک، قرنفل، اوژنول
fragrance and aroma ingredients = مواد معطر و خوشبو
Nepalese Cardamom, Amomum aromaticum = هل نپالی
Chinese Cinnamon, Cinnamomum aromaticum = دارچین چینی، سلیخه
AROMA, A term used to describe a sensation which is between smell and taste, such as the aroma of coffee. = آروما، واژه‌ای است كه احساس بین بوییدن و چشیدن را بیان می‌کند. مثل آرومای قهوه.
ISOLATES, Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. = ایزولات ها: مواد شیمیایی كه تركیبات طبیعی جداسازی شدند.
MOSSY, The odor suggestive of the aromatic lichens, and mosses, primarily oak moss and tree moss; reminiscent of forest depths. = خزه ای: بویی كه شبیه مواد معطر لیتن ها، خزه ها مثل خزه بلوط است. یادآور اعماق جنگل.
essential oils, an essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants, also known as volatile oils = اسانس های روغنی، ماده هیدروفوب غلیظ شده که حاوی ترکیبات آروماتیک فرار گیاهان می باشد. اسانس های روغنی را روغن های فرار نیز می نامند.
IONONES, One of the most valued synthetic perfume ingredients. They have a fresh, violet aroma and were first introduced into perfumery in 1936 in Violettes de Toulouse. = آیونونها: یكی از باارزش ترین مواد عطری سنتزی، رایحه تازه و گل بنفشه دارند. در سال 1936 به صنعت عطرسازی معرفی شدند.
FOUGÈRE, The French word for “fern.” Fougère fragrances depend on aromatic chemicals to produce the fern-like notes that combine well with lavender, citrus and coumarin in fragrances for men. = فوژه: لغت فرانسوی فِرن یا سرخس. عطریات فوژه مواد شیمایی آروماتیك برای تولید نوت های سرخس مانند هستند كه از آمیزش لاوندر، سیتروس، كومارین به دست می آید.
AROMA-CHOLOGY, A term coined by The Fragrance Foundation to describe the interrelationship between psychology and the latest in fragrance technology to elicit a variety of specific feelings and emotions. = آروماكولوژی، واژه‌ای كه توسط خانه‌های عطر ابداع شده تا شرح دهد رابطه بین روانشناسی و تكنولوژی عطر را تا احساسات و عواطف را برانگیزد.
DISTILLATION, A common technique for obtaining aromatic compounds from plants, such as orange blossoms and roses. The raw material is heated and the fragrant compounds are recollected through condensation of the distilled vapour. = تقطیر: تكنیك رایج برای بدست آوردن مواد آروماتیك گیاهان مثل شكوفه پرتقال و رز. ماده اولیه حرارت داده می شود و تركیب عطری جمع آوری می شود با روش میعان مایع تقطیر شده.
AROMA CHEMICALS, Molecules obtained from natural products or made by synthetic organic chemistry that have an aroma. Most of the synthetic aroma chemicals are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule obtained from a natural product. = مواد شیمیایی آروماتیك یا آروماكمیكال ها مولکول‌هایی هستند كه از محصولات طبیعی به دست می‌آیند یا به صورت سنتزی ساخته می‌شوند و بو دارند. بسیاری از مواد شیمایی آروماتیك بوی شبیه مواد طبیعی دارند. به عبارت دیگر شبیه مولکول‌هایی هستند كه از طبیعت به دست می‌آیند.
ENFLEURAGE, In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. = انفلوراژ: در این فرایند مواد معطر به داخل یك ماده مومی شكل جذب می شود و سپس روغنهای معطر با اتیل الكل جدا می شود. استخراج با انفلوراژ برای گیاهان ظریف استفاده می شود كه در اثر تقطیر ممكن است ملكولهای مواد معطرشان تخریب شود.
ANIMALIC, Characterized by bodily aromas or aromas most associated with traditional animal materials such as musk, civet and castoreum. These materials are now banned and have been replaced with musks obtained from plants and civet and castoreum smelling molecules obtained synthetically. = انیمالیك یا حیوانی، به بوهایی گفته می‌شود كه در عطرهای حیوانی سنتی مثل مُشك، سیوت و كاستریوم وجود دارد. این مواد در حال حاضر ممنوع هستند و با مشک‌های به دست آمده از گیاهان و مولکول‌هایی كه بوی شبیه سیوت و كاستریوم می‌دهند و به صورت سنتزی تشكل شده‌اند جایگزین شده‌اند.
NEROLI OIL, Neroli essential oil is extracted from the fragrant blossoms of the bitter orange tree and has a beautiful aroma that appeals to men and women alike. In common with rose and jasmine, neroli oil is almost a complete fragrance in itself and forms the heart of one of the worlds most enduring perfumes, ‘Eau de Cologne’. = روغن نرولی: روغنی كه از شكوفه معطر پرتقال تلخ به دست می آید.
AROMATHERAPY, The use of volatile plant oils, including essential oils, for psychological and physical well-being. The therapeutic use of pure essential oils and herbs in body massage,which is described by proponents as “healing, beautifying and soothing” the body and mind.The history of aromatherapy stretches as far back as 6,000 years ago in ancient Egypt. It wasn’t until the 1920’s, however, when the term was actually coined by a French chemist, R.M. Gattefosse. = آروماتراپی، استفاده از روغن‌های گیاهی شامل اسانس‌های روغنی برای سلامت فیزیكی و فیزیولوژیكی. استفاده درمانی از اسانس‌های روغنی خالص و گیاهان در ماساژ بدن، شفابخش، زیباكننده و التیام‌بخش برای بدن و ذهن می‌باشد. تاریخچه آروماتراپی به 6 هزار سال پیش به مصر باستان برمی‌گردد. در سال 1920 این واژه توسط یك شیمیدان فرانسوی به نام گَته فوزه ابداع شد.

ممیزی = Audit
internal audits should be conducted = ممیزی های داخلی باید انجام شوند.

بامبو = Bamboo
Bamboo, Arundinaria japonica = بامبو، قند خیزران

ریحان = Basil
OCIMUM BASILICUM = ریحان
Basil, Ocimum basilicum = ریحان، تخم شربتی، ریحان شیرین، علف سن ژوزف

دکلره = Bleach
Bleach = دکلره

AVENA SATIVA KERNEL FLOUR — Oatmeal. Natural cleanser and toner, its mild exfoliating action makes it an excellent addition to facial masks. Has a slight bleaching effect and is said to help fade age spots and other skin imperfections and to even out skin tones. (INCI dictionary)
MAGNOLIA BIONDII — Magnolia Blossom Extract. Natural ton- ic and anti-irritant added to face creams for its slight bleaching effect on the skin. Sometimes used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
Bleach: Bleach is a chemical agent used to lighten or disperse pigment from the hair shaft in a permanent manner. Bleaching is useful when you want to go from a darker color to a much lighter one, but beware because bleaching is quite harsh on the hair and over-processing must be avoided. (thehairstyler.com)
Bleach Activator: Bleach activator is generally hydrogen peroxide and it's needed to open the hair cuticle to allow the bleaching agent inside the hair shaft. It also chemically reacts with the bleach to de-colorize pigments. The higher the volume of peroxide (activator) used, the faster and lighter the hair becomes- but the more damaged it can get too. (thehairstyler.com)
Bleaching: Bleaching is the actual process where lightening or de-colorization occurs, starting from the largest (darkest) pigments. This is typically known as the 7 stages of bleaching: black - brown - red-brown - red - orange - yellow - white (in that order). (thehairstyler.com)
Cortex: The cortex lies directly underneath the cuticle and is spiral-looking in appearance- kind of like a coiled rope. It's here that pigments are found and that natural hair elasticity, i.e. straight, wavy, curly, gets its form. The cortex is also where all permanent chemical coloring takes place, including bleaching, perming and chemical straightening, and where the natural shape of the hair is changed; for example, using hot irons to go from curly to straight or hot rollers to go from straight to curly. These changes last only until the hair becomes wet again. (thehairstyler.com)
Natural Hair Color: Natural hair color is a person's original hair color; in other words, excluding any artificial colors, highlights, or chemicals that can coat the hair (such as chlorine that makes the hair look green). Your natural hair color does take into account any natural bleaching that is caused by the sun. Natural hair color is an important thing for a colorist to take into consideration as each natural hair color reacts differently to artificial color. (thehairstyler.com)
Permanent Hair Color: A permanent hair color employs chemicals to artificially change, delete, or counteract the natural pigment in the cortex layer of the hair shaft. This is done when dyes and bleaches are turned on by mixing them with an activator (generally peroxide) and sometimes heat, to open the cuticle and then allow the chemical changes to take place. The results are permanent changes that do not revert back to the original, however the roots of the hair grow back unchanged (regrowth). (thehairstyler.com)
Peroxide: Peroxide is otherwise known as hydrogen peroxide and is used in many ways in everyday life as a bleaching agent, disinfectant, oxidizer and antiseptic, but it's extensively used in hair color services as a developer or activator. Its primary role is to open the cuticle layer and allow tints or bleach into the cortex so they can then deposit or remove color by breaking disulfide bonds within the hair, releasing sulfur (hence the smell). When peroxide is mixed with hair bleach, the peroxide continues to de-colorize color pigments; but when mixed with tints, its role is to bond the new color molecule inside the hair. (thehairstyler.com)
Bleaching = دکلره کردن موها، بی رنگ کردن موها، بلیچ کردن موها

AVENA SATIVA KERNEL FLOUR — Oatmeal. Natural cleanser and toner, its mild exfoliating action makes it an excellent addition to facial masks. Has a slight bleaching effect and is said to help fade age spots and other skin imperfections and to even out skin tones. (INCI dictionary)
MAGNOLIA BIONDII — Magnolia Blossom Extract. Natural ton- ic and anti-irritant added to face creams for its slight bleaching effect on the skin. Sometimes used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
Bleach: Bleach is a chemical agent used to lighten or disperse pigment from the hair shaft in a permanent manner. Bleaching is useful when you want to go from a darker color to a much lighter one, but beware because bleaching is quite harsh on the hair and over-processing must be avoided. (thehairstyler.com)
Bleach Activator: Bleach activator is generally hydrogen peroxide and it's needed to open the hair cuticle to allow the bleaching agent inside the hair shaft. It also chemically reacts with the bleach to de-colorize pigments. The higher the volume of peroxide (activator) used, the faster and lighter the hair becomes- but the more damaged it can get too. (thehairstyler.com)
Bleaching: Bleaching is the actual process where lightening or de-colorization occurs, starting from the largest (darkest) pigments. This is typically known as the 7 stages of bleaching: black - brown - red-brown - red - orange - yellow - white (in that order). (thehairstyler.com)
Cortex: The cortex lies directly underneath the cuticle and is spiral-looking in appearance- kind of like a coiled rope. It's here that pigments are found and that natural hair elasticity, i.e. straight, wavy, curly, gets its form. The cortex is also where all permanent chemical coloring takes place, including bleaching, perming and chemical straightening, and where the natural shape of the hair is changed; for example, using hot irons to go from curly to straight or hot rollers to go from straight to curly. These changes last only until the hair becomes wet again. (thehairstyler.com)
Natural Hair Color: Natural hair color is a person's original hair color; in other words, excluding any artificial colors, highlights, or chemicals that can coat the hair (such as chlorine that makes the hair look green). Your natural hair color does take into account any natural bleaching that is caused by the sun. Natural hair color is an important thing for a colorist to take into consideration as each natural hair color reacts differently to artificial color. (thehairstyler.com)
Peroxide: Peroxide is otherwise known as hydrogen peroxide and is used in many ways in everyday life as a bleaching agent, disinfectant, oxidizer and antiseptic, but it's extensively used in hair color services as a developer or activator. Its primary role is to open the cuticle layer and allow tints or bleach into the cortex so they can then deposit or remove color by breaking disulfide bonds within the hair, releasing sulfur (hence the smell). When peroxide is mixed with hair bleach, the peroxide continues to de-colorize color pigments; but when mixed with tints, its role is to bond the new color molecule inside the hair. (thehairstyler.com)
Bleached base = پایه دکلره شده

Partially bleach = بخشي از آن بي رنگ شده

Pre bleached hair = مویی که قبلاً دکلره شده

bleaching your hair = دکلره کردن موها

Bleach, decoloration = دکلره، بلیچ، بی رنگ کردن

color developer, Bleach Activator = اکسیدان

I would like to get my hair bleached = در آرایشگاه: لطفا موهای من را دکلره کنید

سشوار = Blow-Dryer
blow-dryer = سشوار

کافور = Camphor
Camphor = کافور، نوعی رزین معطر که در پزشکی و عطرسازی کاربرد دارد.

CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA — Ho Wood Oil. Essential oil, of- ten used as a fragrance. Also known as white camphor. CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA BARK OIL — Camphor Oil. Tonic and freshener used in small amounts in lotions and creams for its cooling and soothing effects. Has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
Camphor Oil – Cinnamomum camphora Canadian Willowherb – Epilobium angustifolium Canola Oil, Turnip Oil – Brassica campestris Cardamom Oil – Elettaria cardamomum Carnauba Wax – Copernicia cerifera Carrageenan, Irish Moss – Chondrus crispus Carrot Oil – Daucus carota sativa (INCI dictionary)
Ho Wood Oil – Cinnamomum camphora Honeysuckle – Lonicera caprifolium, Lonicera japonica Hops – Humulus lupulus (INCI dictionary)
Oud/Agarwood: Made from the resin of the Aquilaria tree, which it emits when it’s attacked by pathogens, oud has an animalic, earthy, woody, tobacco, sometimes camphory quality that is complex and dark. Most scents featuring oud use a synthetic version, because the real stuff is understandably expensive to harvest. Regardless, its popularity doesn’t seem to be waning. L’Artisan Al Oudh and Christian Dior Leather Oud are incredibly animalic iterations, and a more romantic “feminine” version is in Kilian Rose Oud. (intothegloss.com)
CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA = روغن چوب هو

CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA — Ho Wood Oil. Essential oil, of- ten used as a fragrance. Also known as white camphor. CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA BARK OIL — Camphor Oil. Tonic and freshener used in small amounts in lotions and creams for its cooling and soothing effects. Has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
Camphor Oil – Cinnamomum camphora Canadian Willowherb – Epilobium angustifolium Canola Oil, Turnip Oil – Brassica campestris Cardamom Oil – Elettaria cardamomum Carnauba Wax – Copernicia cerifera Carrageenan, Irish Moss – Chondrus crispus Carrot Oil – Daucus carota sativa (INCI dictionary)
Ho Wood Oil – Cinnamomum camphora Honeysuckle – Lonicera caprifolium, Lonicera japonica Hops – Humulus lupulus (INCI dictionary)
Camphor tree, Cinnamonum camphora = کافور، کامفور

سرطان = Cancer
skin cancer = سرطان پوست

noncancerous = غیرسرطانی 

Breast cancer = سرطان پستان 

Cancer signal = علامت سرطان

carcinoma, cancer = سرطان

vitamin A is an antioxidant that helps to prevent skin cancer = ویتامین A آنتی اکسیدانی است که جلوی سرطان پوست را می گیرد

carcinoma, a cancer arising in the epithelial tissue of the skin or of the lining of the internal organs = كارسینوما، سرطانی كه در بافت اپیتلیال پوست یا در پوشش داخلی اندامهای بدن ایجاد می شود.

کیتین = Chitin

شیپره = Chypre
chypre = شیپره

Accord: In the same way you hold down several notes in music to create a chord that has a unique sound, in perfume, an accord is a scent made up of several perfume notes, or ingredients, that blend together to form a distinct fragrance. For example, the classic accord in the chypre perfume category is bergamot, labdanum, and oakmoss. (intothegloss.com)
Chypre: The French word for the Greek island of Cyprus. Its classic accord features a citrus top note, such as bergamot, contrasting with a mossy base of, most importantly, oakmoss. The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) is considering banning or severely limiting the use of oakmoss and tree mosses in scents due to their alleged allergenic properties, which has perfume lovers up in arms. Christian Dior Diorella is a chypre. (intothegloss.com)
Oakmoss : A type of lichen that grows on oak trees that is crucial in chypre fragrances. Earthy, woodsy, and, of course, mossy, in scent. See: aforementioned potential banning. (intothegloss.com)
CHYPRE: A fragrance family or type – a complex of moss mixed with woods, flowers or fruit odors. (fragrance.org)
CHYPRE, A fragrance family or type – a complex of moss mixed with woods, flowers or fruit odors. = شیپره: خانواده عطریات مجموعه ای از خزه، بوهای چوب، گلها و بوهای میوه ای

کلیپس = Clips
clips = کلیپس، گیره مو

محوطه = Closure
closure = محوطه

ادکلن = Cologne
cologne = ادکلن

NATURAL FLOWER OIL — Oil extracted from flowers and used in synthetic-free perfumes and colognes. A natural fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
PIMENTA ACRIS, PIMENTA RACEMOSA — Bay Rum. Essential oil native to the West Indies. A tonic for skin and scalp, widely used in men’s colognes and aftershaves for its fresh, spicy scent. (See also Pimenta officinalis.) (INCI dictionary)
Concentration: There are four major concentrations of fragrance you can buy. They reflect not only the longevity of fragrance, but also its ingredients and qualities. From the least concentrated (smaller perfume oil ratio in relation to alcohol) to highest: Eau de Cologne, with around 2–5 % perfume oils; Eau de Toilette, with around 5–20% perfume oils; Eau de Parfum, with around 10–30% perfume oils; and Extrait or Extract, at around 20—40% concentration. (intothegloss.com)
CITRUS: Odors from citrus fruits such as orange, lemon, lime, mandarin and bergamot which give fresh, fruity top notes used especially in eau fraiche, classical and men’s colognes. (fragrance.org)
COLOGNE (MEN'S): Unlike women’s colognes, it is similar to the concentration of eau de toilette and in some instances perfume. (fragrance.org)
EAU DE COLOGNE: Contains the lowest concentration of 2-4% base. It’s light, refreshing and can be applied often. (fragrance.org)
FACTICE: Oversize perfume or cologne bottles filled with a tinted liquid for display purposes. (fragrance.org)
LIGHT: A generally non-sweet, non-cloying fragrance where the fresh note is predominant. Often formulated as an eau fraiche or deodorant cologne for all-over body wear in warm climates or for sports. (fragrance.org)
NEROLI OIL: Neroli essential oil is extracted from the fragrant blossoms of the bitter orange tree and has a beautiful aroma that appeals to men and women alike. In common with rose and jasmine, neroli oil is almost a complete fragrance in itself and forms the heart of one of the worlds most enduring perfumes, ‘Eau de Cologne’. (fragrance.org)
colognes = کلن

NATURAL FLOWER OIL — Oil extracted from flowers and used in synthetic-free perfumes and colognes. A natural fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
PIMENTA ACRIS, PIMENTA RACEMOSA — Bay Rum. Essential oil native to the West Indies. A tonic for skin and scalp, widely used in men’s colognes and aftershaves for its fresh, spicy scent. (See also Pimenta officinalis.) (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS: Odors from citrus fruits such as orange, lemon, lime, mandarin and bergamot which give fresh, fruity top notes used especially in eau fraiche, classical and men’s colognes. (fragrance.org)
COLOGNE (MEN'S): Unlike women’s colognes, it is similar to the concentration of eau de toilette and in some instances perfume. (fragrance.org)
eau de cologne = ادو کلن

Concentration: There are four major concentrations of fragrance you can buy. They reflect not only the longevity of fragrance, but also its ingredients and qualities. From the least concentrated (smaller perfume oil ratio in relation to alcohol) to highest: Eau de Cologne, with around 2–5 % perfume oils; Eau de Toilette, with around 5–20% perfume oils; Eau de Parfum, with around 10–30% perfume oils; and Extrait or Extract, at around 20—40% concentration. (intothegloss.com)
EAU DE COLOGNE: Contains the lowest concentration of 2-4% base. It’s light, refreshing and can be applied often. (fragrance.org)
NEROLI OIL: Neroli essential oil is extracted from the fragrant blossoms of the bitter orange tree and has a beautiful aroma that appeals to men and women alike. In common with rose and jasmine, neroli oil is almost a complete fragrance in itself and forms the heart of one of the worlds most enduring perfumes, ‘Eau de Cologne’. (fragrance.org)
FACTICE, Oversize perfume or cologne bottles filled with a tinted liquid for display purposes. = بطری عطری كه در اندازه بزرگ ساخته شده و معمولاً با مایعی رنگی پر می شود تا فقط در معرض نمایش قرار داده شود. ماكت های بزرگ عطر ك در ویترین ها می چینند.

EAU DE COLOGNE, Contains the lowest concentration of 2-4% base. It’s light, refreshing and can be applied often. = ادوكلن دارای كمترین غلظت یعنی 2 تا 4 درصد اسانس پایه است. ادوكلن ها ملایم و طراوت بخش هستند و می توانند به دفعات استفاده شوند.

COLOGNE (MEN'S), Unlike women’s colognes, it is similar to the concentration of eau de toilette and in some instances perfume. = بر خلاف كلون های زنانه، كلون های مردانه غلظتی شبیه اُدو توالت دارند.

CITRUS, Odors from citrus fruits such as orange, lemon, lime, mandarin and bergamot which give fresh, fruity top notes used especially in eau fraiche, classical and men’s colognes. = سیتروس: بوهایی كه از میوه های مركبات مثل پرتقال، لیمو، لیموترش، ماندارین و برگاموت بدست می آید و رایحه فوقانی تازه و میوه ای دارد. در ادكلن های كلاسیك مردانه استفاده می شود.

NEROLI OIL, Neroli essential oil is extracted from the fragrant blossoms of the bitter orange tree and has a beautiful aroma that appeals to men and women alike. In common with rose and jasmine, neroli oil is almost a complete fragrance in itself and forms the heart of one of the worlds most enduring perfumes, ‘Eau de Cologne’. = روغن نرولی: روغنی كه از شكوفه معطر پرتقال تلخ به دست می آید.

گلوبر = Cut-Throat Razor

تحویل = Delivery
delivery = رسانش، رهایش

CAPRYLIC / CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE — Lightweight emollient derived from glycerin and coconut oil that helps suppor t the skin’s moisture barrier. A superb conditioning agent, it adds to the spreadability of creams and lotions and helps promote the delivery of vitamins and other beneficial ingredients onto the skin. (INCI dictionary)
PHOSPHOLIPIDS (LIPOSOMES) — Fatty substances that are im- por tant constituents of cell membranes. Plant phospholipids are similar to human phospholipids and are readily absorbed into the skin. Phospholipids obtained from soybean oil in the form of leci- thin are used to make liposomes, which act as delivery agents for vitamins and humectants. (See also Liposomes.) (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM LAUROYL LACTYLATE — The sodium salt of lactic acid, a food-grade emulsifier and mild surfactant, used as a foam- ing and cleansing agent and to give the hair a soft, silky texture. The emulsifier of choice for natural products, it offers excellent moisturizing proper ties and leaves a smooth feel after application. It penetrates the top layer of skin to offer residual moisturization, extended fragrance release and enhanced delivery of actives. (INCI dictionary)
ARGININE: An amino acid that binds to the pure glycolic acid molecule. Once bonded, it allows for controlled delivery of glycolic acid into the skin over a prolonged period of time thus reducing irritation that usually accompanies AHA use. Promotes collagen synthesis and increases skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
delivery system = سامانه رسانش

اتساع = Dilation
dilation = اتساع

vasodilation = اتساع مویرگ ها و عروق خونی که باعث کاهش فشار خون می شود

excessive dilation = گشاد شدن بیش از حد مویرگ ها

dilation of the orifice = باز شدن منافذ پوست صورت

زمینی = Earthy
earthy = زمینی

Ambergris: A highly prized base note rarely used in non-synthetic form because of its rarity and cost. Why is it so expensive? Because of its origins: The sperm whale eats cuttlefish, whose bones are indigestible and painful to its stomach lining. As a result, it secretes a substance that surrounds the bones. This mass gets excreted, most likely from the whale’s back end. It then floats around in the water, ages, gets oxidized by the sun, and turns into the substance that washes ashore until it’s found by some lucky bastard who can sell it for more per ounce than gold. Ambergris smells earthy, sweet, tobacco-like, and provides a roundness and depth to perfumes. Christian Dior Dioressence perfume was said to have been inspired by perfumer Guy Robert’s encounter with both real ambergris and a knock-off Miss Dior soap. (intothegloss.com)
Oakmoss : A type of lichen that grows on oak trees that is crucial in chypre fragrances. Earthy, woodsy, and, of course, mossy, in scent. See: aforementioned potential banning. (intothegloss.com)
Orris: The “butter” from the dried roots of the iris flower, orris is a prized and expensive perfume ingredient that creates a rich, earthy, carroty, powdery effect in fragrances. In Balenciaga Le Dix, and showcased and highlighted in Serge Lutens’ haunting Iris Silver Mist. (intothegloss.com)
Oud/Agarwood: Made from the resin of the Aquilaria tree, which it emits when it’s attacked by pathogens, oud has an animalic, earthy, woody, tobacco, sometimes camphory quality that is complex and dark. Most scents featuring oud use a synthetic version, because the real stuff is understandably expensive to harvest. Regardless, its popularity doesn’t seem to be waning. L’Artisan Al Oudh and Christian Dior Leather Oud are incredibly animalic iterations, and a more romantic “feminine” version is in Kilian Rose Oud. (intothegloss.com)
Vetiver: An essential oil steam-distilled from the roots of a tall grass native to India—though Haiti is now its largest producer. It has an earthy, peppery, lemony, dusty scent that has been used extensively in perfumery. Guerlain Vetiver and Hové Parfumerie Vetivert are two great examples of this important perfume note. (intothegloss.com)
EARTHY: The provocative odor of freshly turned earth, musty and rooty. (fragrance.org)
EARTHY, The provocative odor of freshly turned earth, musty and rooty. = خاكی یا زمینی: روایج انگیزنده یا تحریك كننده برخاسته از خاك تازه شخم زده شده، نم دار و ریشه دار. یعنی ریشه گیاه هنوز در آن وجود دارد.

آبنوس = Ebony
Ebony = آبنوس

اکرین = Eccrine
Eccrine = اکرین

اگزما = Eczema
eczema = اگزما، اکزما، بیماری یا عارضه پوستی که با علائمی مثل التهاب، سوزش پوست، ترک های پوستی و زبری پوست ظاهر می شود. شایع ترین نوع اگزما، درماتیت آتوپیک است.

ANDIRA ARAROBA — Goa Herb, Chrysarobin. A natural astringent, its chemical affinity to the keratin elements of the skin makes this herb an excellent treatment for acne, eczema and other skin conditions. A calming agent for itching, flaking or irritated skin. (INCI dictionary)
OENOTHERA BIENNIS — Evening Primrose Oil. Superb emol- lient and skin nutrient, high in essential fatty acids. A source of rare gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), also found in human breast milk. Ex- tremely beneficial in the treatment of eczema and other dry skin and scalp conditions. (INCI dictionary)
TRITICUM AESTIVUM — Wheatgrass. Anti-inflammatory used in the treatment of eczema and dermatitis. An ingredient in many preparations for problem skin, and in shampoos and hair condition- ers. Contains plant sterols. (INCI dictionary)
Arachidonic Acid: A liquid unsaturated fatty acid that is found in liver, brain, glands, and fat of animals and humans. Generally isolated from animal liver. Used in companion animal food for nutrition and in skin creams and lotions to soothe eczema and rashes. Alternatives: synthetics, aloe vera, tea tree oil, calendula ointment. (peta.org)
Tallow Tallow Fatty Alcohol Stearic Acid: Rendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline. Alternatives: vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil. (peta.org)
eczematous = اگزمایی

Weeping eczema = نوعی اگزما که مشخصه آن تاول های پر از مایع است

eczema treatment = اقدامات درمانی که برای بهبود و کاهش علائم اگزما انجام می شود

eczema prone skin = پوست مستعد اگزما

Eczema is not contagious = اگزما واگیردار نیست

Housewives' hand eczema = اگزمای دست، اگزمای خانم های خانه دار

eczema is a skin inflammation = اکزما یک نوع التهاب پوستی است

psoriasis can look like eczema = علائم پسوریازیس می تواند شبیه اگزما باشد (بنابراین تشخیص ان سخت است)

relieves the symptoms of eczema and dermatitis = علائم اگزما و درماتیت را تسکین می دهد

Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema = درماتیت آتوپیک شایع ترین نوع اگزما است

Symptom of: eczema and rosacea,infections like scarlet fever andshingles, temperature exposure,stress = علائم بیماری هایی مثل: اگزما و روزاسه، عفونت هایی مانند مخملک و زونا، قرار گرفتن در معرض دما، استرس

atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema = درماتیت آتوپیک یا اگزمای آتوپیک

eczema lesions = ضایعه های اگزمایی

eczema skin inflammation = التهاب اگزمایی پوست

مهندس = Engineer
engineer = مهندس

PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
RUBIXYL®: This engineered peptide signals skin cells to make more keratin and ceramides. It restores seven key epidermal proteins to normal levels helping to counter the glycation process that causes epidermal protein bonding to become disorganized. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)

فوران = Eruption
eruption = فوران، بیرون زدن

تبخیر = Evaporation
evaporation = تبخیر

EVAPORATION: The process of changing from a liquid to a vapor. (fragrance.org)
evaporation of sweat = تبخیر عرق

EVAPORATION, The process of changing from a liquid to a vapor. = تبخیر: فرایند تغییر فاز از مایع به بخار

فشردن = Expression
Expression = اسانس گیری با روش فشردن

ESSENTIAL OILS — Volatile liquids extracted from plant materials by steam distillation or expression, which contain the characteristic plant aroma. Unlike fixed plant oils (such as olive oil), essential oils evaporate at room temperature and do not leave an oily residue on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
MYOXINOL: Line-relaxing Myoxinol™, a low molecular weight Oligopeptide from Okra Hibiscus addresses both mechanical and biological factors of aging. Microtension lines caused by repeated facial expressions, gravity, or simply age are safely and effectively relaxed in minutes. (cellularskinrx.com)
TRIPEPTIDE: Tripeptide has been developed as an efficient smoothing and anti-wrinkle small peptide particularly effective against expression lines by relaxing facial muscles. This active tripeptide acts in a manner similar to Walglerin 1. Acting at the post-synaptic membrane, Tripeptide is a reverible antagonist of the muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (mnAChR). Tripeptide binds to the receptor; consequently it remains closed. In the closed state, sodium ions (Na+) are not released and the muscles stay relaxed. Clinical trials have shown that Tripeptide is capable of reducing expression lines/wrinkles by inhibiting muscle contractions. Used in SuperMax MultiPeptide Skin Solution Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
ARGIRELINE® peptide solution is the first anti-wrinkle hexapeptide with a Botulinum Toxin-like mechanism of action. It reduces the depth of the wrinkles on the face caused by the contraction of muscles of facial expression, especially in the forehead and around the eyes. ()
EXPRESSION: Raw material is squeezed or compressed and the oils are collected. Of all raw materials, only the fragrant oils from the peels of fruits in the citrus family are extracted in this manner. (fragrance.org)
gene expression = بیان ژن

facial micro-expressions = حرکات ظریف چهره

Interleurkin-8 (IL-8) expression = تولید اینترلوکین هشت

EXPRESSION, Raw material is squeezed or compressed and the oils are collected. Of all raw materials, only the fragrant oils from the peels of fruits in the citrus family are extracted in this manner. = فشردن یا افشردن یا متراكم سازی: یكی از روشهای بدست آوردن اسانس روغنی گیاهان است كه در آن ماده اولیه چلانده یا متراكم می شود تا روغن آن خارج شود. در میان روغنهای معطر فقط پوست میوه مركبات با این روش اسانسشان استخراج می شود.

تقلبی = Fake
Theatrical blood, stage blood, fake blood, FX blood = خون سینمایی، خون مصنوعی

تخمیر = Fermentation
fermentation = تخمیر، فرمانتاسیون

LEUCONOSTOC / RADISH ROOT FERMENT FILTRATE — A natural antimicrobial, obtained from the fermentation of radish roots. (INCI dictionary)
Lactic Acid: Typically derived from plants such as beets. When animal-derived, found in blood and muscle tissue. Also in sour milk, beer, sauerkraut, pickles, and other food products made by bacterial fermentation. Used in skin fresheners, as a preservative, in the formation of plasticizers, etc. Alternatives: plant milk sugars, synthetics. (peta.org)

انجیر = Figs
Figs, Ficus carica = انجیر

ترخون = French Tarragon
French Tarragon, Artemisia dracunculus = ترخون

قارچی = Fungal
fungal = قارچی

LEPTOSPERMUM SCOPARIUM — Manuka Oil. Analgesic, anti- fungal and antibacterial. Used by New Zealand’s Maori people for its medicinal proper ties, this herbal oil has five times the antiseptic proper ties of tea tree oil and has a pleasant, honey-like fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
POTASSIUM SORBATE — The potassium salt of sorbic acid, a natural compound isolated from the oil of the rowan or mountain ash berry. A mild preservative used in foods, herbal supplements and cosmetics for its anti-microbial and anti-fungal proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM BENZOATE — A salt of benzoic acid, found naturally in cranberries, apples, plums and other fruits, and in cinnamon and ripe clove. Used in foods and cosmetic products as a mild preservative for its anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. (INCI dictionary)
FUNGAL: Odors suggestive of molds, mushrooms and fungi; important note in muguet fragrances as well as other florals. (fragrance.org)
antifungal = ضد قارچ

CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS — Sweet Orange Oil, Peel. Essential oil expressed from the peel of sweet oranges (Navel, Jaffa, Valencia). An anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal used for its refreshing proper ties and pleasant scent. Contains flavonoids and vitamins A, B, C and E. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS GRANDIS — Grapefruit Oil. An essential oil extracted from the peel of the fruit. Used in creams and lotions for its astrin- gent and skin-freshening proper ties. Sometimes used as a fragrance. CITRUS GRANDIS EXTRACT — Grapefruit Extract. Shown tohave antifungal, antimicrobial and antiviral proper ties. Combined with antioxidant vitamins, it makes an effective plant-based preservative. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS SINENSIS OIL — Sweet Orange Oil. Essential oil ex- pressed from the peel of sweet oranges (Navel, Jaffa, Valencia). An anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal used for its refreshing proper ties and pleasant scent. Contains flavonoids and vitamins A, B, C and E. (INCI dictionary)
CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS — Lemongrass. Antimicrobial and antifungal often used as a fragrance. Has antioxidant proper ties. An excellent normalizer for oily skin. (INCI dictionary)
DEHYDROACETIC ACID — An organic compound used in cos- metic preparations for its antibacterial and antifungal proper ties. A natural preservative. (INCI dictionary)
ECHINACEA ANGUSTIFOLIA, ECHINACEA PURPUREA — Echinacea, Coneflower. Two varieties of this versatile herb are used both internally and externally in folk medicine as natural antibiotics to treat a variety of ills. A number of studies have pointed to its antibacterial and antifungal proper ties. Its root extract is used in cell therapy and anti-wrinkle creams as a hydrator and firming agent. (INCI dictionary)
EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS — Eucalyptus Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties. Used in cleansers, massage formulations and bath soaks for its cooling, soothing effect on the skin. Herbalists recommend a few drops of the oil in a hot bath to open up blocked sinuses and help clear a stuffy nose. (INCI dictionary)
HEDERA HELIX — Ivy. Antifungal often found in massage lotions and anticellulite preparations for its skin-toning and firming prop- er ties. Contains malic acid, a natural fruit acid that encourages skin cell turnover. (See also Fruit Acids.) Also used in shampoos and hair products for dandruff and other scalp problems. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
ORIGANUM VULGARE — Oregano Oil. Powerful antifungal and healing agent. Chinese herbalists have used it for generations to soothe rashes and other skin irritations and relieve itching. (INCI dictionary)
PAEONIA LACTIFLORA — Peony Herb, Root. Antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory used in acne preparations and in toothpastes and other oral hygiene products to promote healthy teeth and gums. (INCI dictionary)
anti fungal = ضد قارچ، آنتی فونگال

fungal flora = گونه های قارچی

high anti-fungal properties = ویژگی ضدقارچی قدرتمند

FUNGAL, Odors suggestive of molds, mushrooms and fungi; important note in muguet fragrances as well as other florals. = فانگال: عطرهایی كه بوی قارچ و كپك دارند. نوت حائز اهمیت در عطرهای موگه

انگور = Grapes
grapeseed oil = روغن هسته انگور

Grapes, Vitis vinifera = انگور، عنب

فر مو = Hair Curliness
hair curliness = تجعد موها

شسوار = Hair Dryer
hair dryer = شسوار

hair dryers = خشک کننده مو، مو خشک کن، سشوار

سنگین = Heavy
heavy = سنگین
heavy makeup = آرایش غلیظ
heavy metals = فلزات سنگین

عفونت = Infection
infection = عفونت

Eye infection = عفونت چشمی

skin infections = عفونت پوستی

fungus infections = عفونت قارچی

Symptom of: eczema and rosacea,infections like scarlet fever andshingles, temperature exposure,stress = علائم بیماری هایی مثل: اگزما و روزاسه، عفونت هایی مانند مخملک و زونا، قرار گرفتن در معرض دما، استرس

لوریل = Lauryl
lauryl = لوریل

DETERGENTS — cleansing agents that are chemically different from soaps, but resemble them in the ability to emulsify oils and hold dirt in suspension. Detergents can vary widely in composition. Though some can be plant-based, most are processed with petroleum derivatives or are synthetic. Examples: sodium lauryl/ laureth sulfate, cocamide DEA, cocamidopropyl betaine. (INCI dictionary) 
دترجنت ها: تركيبات پاك كننده كه ساختارشان با صابون متفاوت است، اما در توانايي تشكيل امولسيون با روغن ها و سوسپانسيون كردن چرك ها با صابون ها مشترك هستند. تركيب درصد دترجنت ها مي تواند متفاوت باشد. برخي از دترجنت ها گياهي هستند اما بسياري از آنها با مشتقات نفت فراوري شده يا سنتزي هستند. مثال از دترجنت ها: سديم لوريل/ لورت سولفات، كوكاميد دي اتانول آمين، كوكاميدو پروپيل بتائين
COCOS NUCIFERA OIL — Coconut Oil. Rich emollient exressed from coconuts. It is naturally converted into a soap through a saponification reaction with an alkaline salt. Beware of cosmetics that bill themselves as natural and use a synthetically processed derivative, sodium lauryl sulfate, claiming it comes from coconut oil. Accept nothing but the real thing in its natural form. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن نارگيل: يك امولينت غني، استخراج شده از نارگيل. در فرايند صابوني سازي در حضور نمك هاي قليايي به صابون تبديل مي شود. برخي محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي ادعا مي كنند كه طبيعي هستند و از مشتقات سنتزي مثل سديم لوريل سولفات استفاده مي كند. اما ادعا مي كند كه حاوي روغن نارگيل هستند. اگر دقت كرده باشيد در تبليغ بسياري از شامپوها گفته شده حاوي روغن نارگيل، در صورتي كه اينگونه نيست. روغن نارگيل اگرچه به عنوان ماده اوليه در فرايند ساخت سديم لوريل اتر سولفات ممكن است استفاده شود اما اين موضوع نمي تواند موجب شود كه استفاده كننده اين تركيب چنين ادعايي كند.
LAURYL GLUCOSIDE — A surfactant and foaming agent naturally derived from coconut/beet sugar. It has excellent lathering capabilities and conditioning properties, and is very gentle on the hair and skin. It can be used alongside other glucosides to enhance the foam and increase the conditioning action of a product. Because it is a non-irritant, it is often used in preparations for sensitive skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
Cinchona Succirubra Bark Extract (Quinquina), Sodium Laureth Sulfate (Dérivé D'huile De Coco), Water / Aqua (Eau Purifiée), Cocamidopropyl Betaine (Dérivé D'huile De Coco), Lauryl Glucoside, Peg-200 Hydrogenated Glyceryl Palmate, Peg-7 Glyceryl Cocoate, Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein Pg-Propyl Silanetriol (Dérivé De Blé), Fragrance / Parfum, Panthenol (Provitamine B5), Propylene Glycol, Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract, Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride, Pyridoxine Hcl, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract (Procyanidols De Raisin), Phenoxyethanol, Parabens (Ethyl, Butyl), Methylchloroisothiazolinone, Methylisothiazolinone, Citric Acid, Tetrasodium Edta, Sodium Chloride. (Phytocyan shampoo ingredients)
lauryl alcohol = لوریل الکل، الکل چرب با شاخه آلکیل 12 کربنه

Lauryl sulfate = لوریل سولفات

COCOS NUCIFERA OIL — Coconut Oil. Rich emollient exressed from coconuts. It is naturally converted into a soap through a saponification reaction with an alkaline salt. Beware of cosmetics that bill themselves as natural and use a synthetically processed derivative, sodium lauryl sulfate, claiming it comes from coconut oil. Accept nothing but the real thing in its natural form. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن نارگيل: يك امولينت غني، استخراج شده از نارگيل. در فرايند صابوني سازي در حضور نمك هاي قليايي به صابون تبديل مي شود. برخي محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي ادعا مي كنند كه طبيعي هستند و از مشتقات سنتزي مثل سديم لوريل سولفات استفاده مي كند. اما ادعا مي كند كه حاوي روغن نارگيل هستند. اگر دقت كرده باشيد در تبليغ بسياري از شامپوها گفته شده حاوي روغن نارگيل، در صورتي كه اينگونه نيست. روغن نارگيل اگرچه به عنوان ماده اوليه در فرايند ساخت سديم لوريل اتر سولفات ممكن است استفاده شود اما اين موضوع نمي تواند موجب شود كه استفاده كننده اين تركيب چنين ادعايي كند.
sodium lauryl sulfate = سدیم لوریل سولفات

COCOS NUCIFERA OIL — Coconut Oil. Rich emollient exressed from coconuts. It is naturally converted into a soap through a saponification reaction with an alkaline salt. Beware of cosmetics that bill themselves as natural and use a synthetically processed derivative, sodium lauryl sulfate, claiming it comes from coconut oil. Accept nothing but the real thing in its natural form. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن نارگيل: يك امولينت غني، استخراج شده از نارگيل. در فرايند صابوني سازي در حضور نمك هاي قليايي به صابون تبديل مي شود. برخي محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي ادعا مي كنند كه طبيعي هستند و از مشتقات سنتزي مثل سديم لوريل سولفات استفاده مي كند. اما ادعا مي كند كه حاوي روغن نارگيل هستند. اگر دقت كرده باشيد در تبليغ بسياري از شامپوها گفته شده حاوي روغن نارگيل، در صورتي كه اينگونه نيست. روغن نارگيل اگرچه به عنوان ماده اوليه در فرايند ساخت سديم لوريل اتر سولفات ممكن است استفاده شود اما اين موضوع نمي تواند موجب شود كه استفاده كننده اين تركيب چنين ادعايي كند.
Laureth = lauryl ether = لورت = لوریل اتر

Sodium lauryl sulphate = سديم لوريل سولفات

لیراک = Lierac
Lierac = لیراک

خط لب = Lip Liner
lip liner = خط لب

رژ لب = Lipstick
Lipstick = رژ لب

RICINUS COMMUNIS — Castor Seed Oil. Humectant and skin soother, often added to lipsticks, glosses and other cosmetic prod- ucts to improve their texture. (INCI dictionary)
THEOBROMA CACAO SEED BUTTER — Cocoa Butter. The solid fat extracted from the seeds of the cacao plant.A rich emollient used in lipsticks, creams, soaps and sun care products for its moistur- izing and soothing proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
Sable Brushes: From the fur of sables (weasel-like mammals). Used to make eye makeup, lipstick, and artists’ brushes. Alternatives: synthetic fibers. (peta.org)
Wax: Glossy, hard substance that is soft when hot. From animals and plants. In lipsticks, depilatories, hair straighteners. Alternatives: vegetable waxes. (peta.org)
Fatty Acids: Can be one or any mixture of liquid and solid acids such as caprylic, lauric, myristic, oleic, palmitic, and stearic. Used in bubble baths, lipsticks, soap, detergents, cosmetics, food. Alternatives: vegetable-derived acids, soy lecithin, safflower oil, bitter almond oil, sunflower oil, etc. (peta.org)
Oleic Acid: Obtained from various animal and vegetable fats and oils. Usually obtained commercially from inedible tallow. (See Tallow.) In foods, soft soap, bar soap, permanent wave solutions, creams, nail polish, lipsticks, many other skin preparations. Derivatives: Oleyl Oleate, Oleyl Stearate. Alternatives: coconut oil. (See alternatives to Animal Fats and Oils.) (peta.org)
Lecithin Choline Bitartrate: Waxy substance in nervous tissue of all living organisms. But frequently obtained for commercial purposes from eggs and soybeans. Also from nerve tissue, blood, milk, corn. Choline bitartrate, the basic constituent of lecithin, is in many animal and plant tissues and prepared synthetically. Lecithin can be in eye creams, lipsticks, liquid powders, hand creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos, other cosmetics, and some medicines. Alternatives: soybean lecithin, synthetics. (peta.org)
Tallow Tallow Fatty Alcohol Stearic Acid: Rendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline. Alternatives: vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil. (peta.org)
Beeswax Honeycomb: Wax obtained from melting honeycomb with boiling water, straining it, and cooling it. From virgin bees. Very cheap and widely used. May be harmful to the skin. In lipsticks and many other cosmetics, especially face creams, lotions, mascara, eye creams and shadows, face makeup, nail whiteners, lip balms, etc. Derivatives: Cera Flava. Alternatives: paraffin, vegetable oils and fats, ceresin (aka ceresine, earth wax; made from the mineral ozokerite; replaces beeswax in cosmetics; also used to wax paper, to make polishing cloths, in dentistry for taking wax impressions, and in candle-making), carnauba wax (from the Brazilian palm tree; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; rarely causes allergic reactions), candelilla wax (from candelilla plants; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; also in the manufacture of rubber and phonograph records, in waterproofing and writing inks; no known toxicity), Japan wax (vegetable wax, Japan tallow; fat from the fruit of a tree grown in Japan and China). (peta.org)
lipsticks and lip glosses = رژ لب ها و برق لب ها

لورآل = L'Oreal

لوپین = Lupin

روناس = Madder
madder = بومادران

Madder, Rubia tinctorum = روناس

میکاپ = Makeup
heavy makeup = آرایش غلیظ

Makeup Sticks = قلم های آرایشی

Makeup remover = پاک کننده آرایش

makeup removers = آرایش پاک کن ها

makeup, make-up = آرایش، گریم، میکاپ، محصولات آرایشی که معمولا به منظور افزایش زیبایی و گاهی به منظور گریم استفاده می شوند

Long-wear makeup = آرایش با دوام

theatrical makeup = گریم سینمایی، مواد آرایشی که برای گریم هنرپیشه ها استفاده می شود

under makeup cream = کرم زیرسازی آرایش

Eye makeup removers = پاک کننده های مواد آرایشی دور چشم

powdery makeup products = مواد آرایشی پودری

rinsed, washed with clean water to remove soap, makeup, dirt, or impurities = آبکشی با آب، شستن با آب تمیز به منظور زدودن صابون، آرایش و آلودگی ها

Cleansers are formulated to cleanse the surface of the skin and remove makeup and oil = کلنزرها برای تمیزکردن سطح پوست و زدودن آرایش و روغن فرموله شده اند

ماساژ = Massage
Massage = ماساژ

AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM — Horse Chestnut. Anti- inflammatory, anti-irritant and mild astringent that helps stimulate circulation to the skin. Often found in massage lotions, and in products for sensitive skin for its sedative properties. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary) 
شاه بلوط هندي: ضدالتهاب، ضدتحريك و قابض ملايم كه به افزايش گردش خون مويرگي در پوست كمك مي كند. اغلب در لوسيون هاي ماساژ و در محصولات پوست حساس استفاده مي شود ؛ چرا كه خاصيت آرامبخش و سداتيو دارد. حاوي ساپونين ها مي باشد.
ARACHIS HYPOGAEA — Peanut Oil. Superb emollient often used in natural massage oils and soaps. (INCI dictionary)
ARNICA MONTANA — Arnica Oil. Herbal extract used in hair tonics and massage preparations for its nourishing and anti-inflammatory proper ties. Combined with vitamin E, it is an excellent natural deodorant. (INCI dictionary)
CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS FRUIT EXTRACT — Cayenne Pepper Extract. Its active ingredient, capsaicin (the chemical responsible for making peppers hot) is a powerful analgesic that works by blocking the activity of substance P, responsible for the transmission of pain impulses in the body. An excellent anti-inflammatory and warming agent, used in massage lotions and liniments to soothe tight, overworked muscles and tension. (INCI dictionary)
EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS — Eucalyptus Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties. Used in cleansers, massage formulations and bath soaks for its cooling, soothing effect on the skin. Herbalists recommend a few drops of the oil in a hot bath to open up blocked sinuses and help clear a stuffy nose. (INCI dictionary)
FUCUS VESICULOSUS EXTRACT — Bladderwrack. Seaweed rich in alginic acid, amino acids, polysaccharides, minerals and vitamins. Its essential oil is a stimulant and tonic. It is often used in massage lotions and some hair and scalp care products. (INCI dictionary)
HEDERA HELIX — Ivy. Antifungal often found in massage lotions and anticellulite preparations for its skin-toning and firming prop- er ties. Contains malic acid, a natural fruit acid that encourages skin cell turnover. (See also Fruit Acids.) Also used in shampoos and hair products for dandruff and other scalp problems. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
HELIANTHUS ANNUUS — Sunflower Oil. The extract from sunflower seeds, a rich emollient high in linoleic and oleic essential fatty acids. A good base for massage oils and lotions. (INCI dictionary)
PINUS SYLVESTRIS OIL — Pine Needle Oil. Aromatic oil with antimicrobial and tonic proper ties. An excellent addition to facial cleansers and natural deodorants, and to massage oils for its warm- ing effect on the skin. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
PIPER METHYSTICUM — Kava Kava. Mild sedative and analge- sic used in the South Pacific as an aid in meditation. Taken internal- ly, it helps relieve anxiety and stress. Applied to the skin, kava kava soothes and relaxes overworked muscles and tension. An excellent ingredient for massage lotions and bath oils. (INCI dictionary)
AROMATHERAPY: The use of volatile plant oils, including essential oils, for psychological and physical well-being. The therapeutic use of pure essential oils and herbs in body massage,which is described by proponents as “healing, beautifying and soothing” the body and mind.The history of aromatherapy stretches as far back as 6,000 years ago in ancient Egypt. It wasn’t until the 1920’s,  however, when the term was actually coined by a  French chemist, R.M. Gattefosse. (fragrance.org)
Massage = ماساژ دهید

AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM — Horse Chestnut. Anti- inflammatory, anti-irritant and mild astringent that helps stimulate circulation to the skin. Often found in massage lotions, and in products for sensitive skin for its sedative properties. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary) 
شاه بلوط هندي: ضدالتهاب، ضدتحريك و قابض ملايم كه به افزايش گردش خون مويرگي در پوست كمك مي كند. اغلب در لوسيون هاي ماساژ و در محصولات پوست حساس استفاده مي شود ؛ چرا كه خاصيت آرامبخش و سداتيو دارد. حاوي ساپونين ها مي باشد.
ARACHIS HYPOGAEA — Peanut Oil. Superb emollient often used in natural massage oils and soaps. (INCI dictionary)
ARNICA MONTANA — Arnica Oil. Herbal extract used in hair tonics and massage preparations for its nourishing and anti-inflammatory proper ties. Combined with vitamin E, it is an excellent natural deodorant. (INCI dictionary)
CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS FRUIT EXTRACT — Cayenne Pepper Extract. Its active ingredient, capsaicin (the chemical responsible for making peppers hot) is a powerful analgesic that works by blocking the activity of substance P, responsible for the transmission of pain impulses in the body. An excellent anti-inflammatory and warming agent, used in massage lotions and liniments to soothe tight, overworked muscles and tension. (INCI dictionary)
EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS — Eucalyptus Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties. Used in cleansers, massage formulations and bath soaks for its cooling, soothing effect on the skin. Herbalists recommend a few drops of the oil in a hot bath to open up blocked sinuses and help clear a stuffy nose. (INCI dictionary)
FUCUS VESICULOSUS EXTRACT — Bladderwrack. Seaweed rich in alginic acid, amino acids, polysaccharides, minerals and vitamins. Its essential oil is a stimulant and tonic. It is often used in massage lotions and some hair and scalp care products. (INCI dictionary)
HEDERA HELIX — Ivy. Antifungal often found in massage lotions and anticellulite preparations for its skin-toning and firming prop- er ties. Contains malic acid, a natural fruit acid that encourages skin cell turnover. (See also Fruit Acids.) Also used in shampoos and hair products for dandruff and other scalp problems. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
HELIANTHUS ANNUUS — Sunflower Oil. The extract from sunflower seeds, a rich emollient high in linoleic and oleic essential fatty acids. A good base for massage oils and lotions. (INCI dictionary)
PINUS SYLVESTRIS OIL — Pine Needle Oil. Aromatic oil with antimicrobial and tonic proper ties. An excellent addition to facial cleansers and natural deodorants, and to massage oils for its warm- ing effect on the skin. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
PIPER METHYSTICUM — Kava Kava. Mild sedative and analge- sic used in the South Pacific as an aid in meditation. Taken internal- ly, it helps relieve anxiety and stress. Applied to the skin, kava kava soothes and relaxes overworked muscles and tension. An excellent ingredient for massage lotions and bath oils. (INCI dictionary)
massage cream = کرم ماساژ

massage creams = کرم های ماساژ

massage medium = مدیوم ماساژ، ماده ای که برای ایجاد لغزنده گی پوست در هنگام ماساژ استفاده می شود

Massage (into skin) = روی پوست ماساژ دهید

Gently (massage, pat, …) = به آرامی (ماساژ دهید، ضربه بزنید)

basic facial massage manipulations = حرکات اصلی ماساژ صورت با دست

massage gently into skin until fully absorbed = با ملایمت روی پوست ماساژ دهید تا به طور کامل جذب شود

Gently massage using your fingertips or a soft-bristled brush = با استفاده از نوک انگشتان یا با یک برس با پرزهای نرم به آرامی ماساژ دهید

massage is a relaxing way to introduce essential oils to the body = ماساژ یک روش آرامش بخش برای وارد کردن اسانس روغنی به داخل بدن است

oil gland could be stimulated with massage and electrical impulses = غدد چربی ممکن است در اثر ماساژ یا جریان الکتریکی تحریک شود

Work a small amount of gel into a foamy lather and massage onto face with a gentle, circular motion = مقدار کمی از ژل را به صورت کف کرده با حرکات دایره ای ملایم روی صورت ماساژ دهید.

Work a small amount of gel into a foamy lather and massage onto face with a gentle, circular motion. = مقدار کمی از ژل را به صورت کف درآورده و با حرکات دایره ای ملایم روی صورت ماساژ دهید.

AROMATHERAPY, The use of volatile plant oils, including essential oils, for psychological and physical well-being. The therapeutic use of pure essential oils and herbs in body massage,which is described by proponents as “healing, beautifying and soothing” the body and mind.The history of aromatherapy stretches as far back as 6,000 years ago in ancient Egypt. It wasn’t until the 1920’s, however, when the term was actually coined by a French chemist, R.M. Gattefosse. = آروماتراپی، استفاده از روغن‌های گیاهی شامل اسانس‌های روغنی برای سلامت فیزیكی و فیزیولوژیكی. استفاده درمانی از اسانس‌های روغنی خالص و گیاهان در ماساژ بدن، شفابخش، زیباكننده و التیام‌بخش برای بدن و ذهن می‌باشد. تاریخچه آروماتراپی به 6 هزار سال پیش به مصر باستان برمی‌گردد. در سال 1920 این واژه توسط یك شیمیدان فرانسوی به نام گَته فوزه ابداع شد.

full body massage and caviar mask = ماساژ تمام بدن و ماسک خاویار

اقدام = Measure
measure = اقدام

colorimetric measurement = اندازه گیری های رنگ سنجی

Radioimmunoassay (RIA), a very sensitive in vitro assay technique used to measure concentrations of antigens (for example, hormone levels in blood) by use of antibodies. = آزمون رادیوایمیونو اَسِی، یك آزمون اینویتروی بسیار حساس برای اندازه گیری آنتی ژنها (مثلا سطح هورمونهای خون

مدولا = Medulla
Medulla = مغز مو، مدولا، درونی ترین لایه مو

Medulla: The medulla is the hollow canal that appears in the very center of the hair shaft. It is not known to serve any specific purpose re. the hair's overall strength or appearance. (thehairstyler.com)

منتول = Menthol
menthol = منتول

MENTHOL — See Mentha piperita. (INCI dictionary)
Menthol, Peppermint Oil – Mentha Piperita Milk Protein – Lactoperoxidase, Lactalbumin Milk Thistle – Silybum marianum (INCI dictionary)

نعناع = Mint
MINT = گونه ای از گیاهان آروماتیک که به عنوان ضدعفونی کننده طبیعی استفاده می شوند
spearmint = نعناع معمولي
peppermint = نعناع فلفلي
Calamint, Calamintha nepeta = نعناع زیبا

آمیزه = Mixture
mixture = مخلوط، آمیزه

CETEARYL ALCOHOL — A mixture of fatty alcohols. Helps stabilize the emulsion in products and has an emollient effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
PALM ACID, PALM KERNEL ACID — A mixture of fatty acids derived from palm kernel oil. See also Elaeis guineensis. (INCI dictionary)
Botulinum toxin (BTX) is produced by Clostridium botulinum as a complex mixture of neurotoxic polypeptides and non-toxic protein components. Seven different serotypes of neurotoxins have been identified- A,B,C,D,E,F and G. Synthesized as a single-chain polypeptide of ~150 kD, BTX has relatively little potency until it is cleaved by trypsin or bacterial enzymes into two chains, a heavy chain of 100 kD responsible for binding to the target structure and a light chain of 50 kD known as the toxifying chain. These two chains are linked together by a disulfide bond. The light chain of these neurotoxins contain a Zn2+-binding motif with enzymatic activity. BTX serotypes act as zinc-dependent endopeptidases. The best characterized toxins are botulinum toxin type A (BTXA) and botulinum toxin type B (BTXB), both used therapeutically and commercially available. (J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2008 Jan; 1(1): 3–6.)
Fatty Acids: Can be one or any mixture of liquid and solid acids such as caprylic, lauric, myristic, oleic, palmitic, and stearic. Used in bubble baths, lipsticks, soap, detergents, cosmetics, food. Alternatives: vegetable-derived acids, soy lecithin, safflower oil, bitter almond oil, sunflower oil, etc. (peta.org)
Stearyl Alcohol Sterols: A mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate. Alternatives: plant sources, vegetable stearic acid. (peta.org)
BLEND: Harmonious mixture of perfumery ingredients. (fragrance.org)
MACERATION: Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. (fragrance.org)
BLEND, Harmonious mixture of perfumery ingredients. = به آمیزه همگنی از مواد عطری بلند می گویند

Silicone Elastomer Blend, Dow Corning® 9040, a mixture of high molecular weight silicone elastomer in cyclopentasiloxane = آمیزه الاستومر سیلیکون

MACERATION, Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. = ماسیراسیون: روشی است كه در آن گلها را وارد روغن داغ می كنند سپس پماد به دست آمده را با الكل می شویند.

گلسنگ = Oakmoss
oakmoss = گلسنگ

EVERNIA PRUNASTRI — Oakmoss. The extract from a lichen that grows on oak trees, used as a fixative in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
Oakmoss – Evernia prunastri (INCI dictionary)
Accord: In the same way you hold down several notes in music to create a chord that has a unique sound, in perfume, an accord is a scent made up of several perfume notes, or ingredients, that blend together to form a distinct fragrance. For example, the classic accord in the chypre perfume category is bergamot, labdanum, and oakmoss. (intothegloss.com)
Chypre: The French word for the Greek island of Cyprus. Its classic accord features a citrus top note, such as bergamot, contrasting with a mossy base of, most importantly, oakmoss. The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) is considering banning or severely limiting the use of oakmoss and tree mosses in scents due to their alleged allergenic properties, which has perfume lovers up in arms. Christian Dior Diorella is a chypre. (intothegloss.com)
Oakmoss : A type of lichen that grows on oak trees that is crucial in chypre fragrances. Earthy, woodsy, and, of course, mossy, in scent. See: aforementioned potential banning. (intothegloss.com)
OAKMOSS: A resinous substance exuded from lichen, usually found around oak trees. (fragrance.org)
oakmoss, Evernia prunastri, a species of lichen = خزه بلوط، گلسنگ

زیتون = Olive
olive = زیتون
Olive oil = روغن زیتون
lilac, common lilac, Syringa vulgaris is a species of flowering plant in the olive family = یاس بنفش یاس شیروانی

متصدی = Operator
operator = متصدی، اپراتور

پنتین = Pantene Pro-V
pantene pro-v = پنتین پرو-وی

تراوش = Permeation
permeation = تراوش، نوعی مکانیزم نفوذ

قطبیت = Polarity
polarity = قطبیت، تمایل قطبی 

منافذ = Pores
pores = منافذ
fine pores = منافذ کوچک پوست
Large pores = منافذ بزرگ
small pores = منافذ ریز
shrink pores = جمع کردن منافذ
clogged pores = منافذ مسدودشده پوست
minimise pores = کوچک کردن منافذ
conspicuous pores = منافذ مشخص پوست
enlarged facial pores = منافذ پوست صورت بزرگ شده
physical enlargement of pores = افزایش سایز فیزیکی منافذ
decreased elasticity around pores = کاهش الاستیسیته و کشسانی پوست اطراف منافذ
pores, openings of hair follicles = منافذ پوستی، دهانه های فولیکول
Combination dry skin may have noticeable follicles, pores, down the center of face = پوست ترکیبی مایل به خشک ممکن است فولیکولها و منافذ نسبتا بزرگ و قابل توجهی در بخش مرکزی وپایینی صورت داشته باشند
Combination oily skin has a wider distribution of the larger pores down the center of the face extending to the outer cheeks = پوست های ترکیبی مایل به چرب منافذ بزرگتری در قسمت مرکز صورت دارند که می تواند تا ناحیه بیرونی گونه ها گسترده شده باشد
Oily skin produces too much sebum also known as oil and will have larger pores = پوست چرب سبوم بیشتری تولید می کند و منافذ بزرگتری دارد
Pores are not visible or become smaller towards the outer edges of the face = منافذ پوست به چشم نمی آیند یادر قسمت گوشه خارجی صورت کوچک تر هستند
Pores become smaller towards the edge of the face = منافذ پوست به سمت بیرون صورت کوچکتر می شوند
Pores may be clogged from dead skin cell buildup in the hair follicle = منافذ پوست ممکن است در اثر انباشت سلول مرده در فولیکول مو مسدود شده باشد
Pores may be clogged on the nose, chin and center of the forehead = منافذ پوست در ناحیه بینی، چانه ومرکز پیشانی ممکن است مسدود شده باشد
when skin is oily facial pores look larger = در پوست چرب، منافذ پوست بزرگتر به نظر می آیند

پودری = Powdery
Powdery = پودری

Orris: The “butter” from the dried roots of the iris flower, orris is a prized and expensive perfume ingredient that creates a rich, earthy, carroty, powdery effect in fragrances. In Balenciaga Le Dix, and showcased and highlighted in Serge Lutens’ haunting Iris Silver Mist. (intothegloss.com)
POWDERY: Sweet, dry, somewhat musky odor. (fragrance.org)
powdery makeup products = مواد آرایشی پودری

پنکیک = Pressed Powder
pressed powder products = محصولات پودری فشرده

کیوتن = Q10
coenzime q10 = کوانزیم کیوتن
Q10, Coenzyme Q10 = کیتون، کوآنزیم کیوتن
q10 = کیوتن

قرمزی = Redness
redness = قرمزی

ASTER TRIPOLIUM — Sea Aster. Soothing agent clinically proven to reduce redness and sensitivity on the skin when used twice daily for 28 days. An excellent addition to calming formulas for sensitive complexions. (INCI dictionary)
VITIS VINIFERA VINE EXTRACT — Red Vine. Extract from the leaves of the grape vine, known for its soothing, toning proper ties, and as an “anti-blotchiness” skin treatment. An anti-inflammatory, it helps reduce redness and irritation. High in antioxidant vitamin C, choline and inositol. (INCI dictionary)
CAROB SEED EXTRACT: Phyto-repair molecules restore the balance of natural regenerative skin systems depleted by age. Accelerates the recovery of stressed skin tissue. Reduces redness, inflammation. Skin's resilience, color, and volume are increased. (cellularskinrx.com)
LICORICE ROOT EXTRACT: This extract helps to reduce redness caused by stress, acne and rosacea. (cellularskinrx.com)
NIACINAMIDE: Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. It stops the skin cells that produce pigment from transferring that pigment to surface skin cells, thereby minimizing unwanted dark spots. It is also an effective moisturizer helping the skin produce more ceramides and fatty acids, which are crucial components of your skin barrier. As that barrier is strengthened, skin is better able to keep moisture in and irritants out. Redness and inflammation are visibly reduced. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer and F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
SEA WHIP: Sea Whip calms and soothes skin prone to irritation. Sea Whip provides the strongest soothing action of all sea plant-derived extracts. Helps to reduce visible redness and other signs of sensitivity. It inhibits 90% of inflammatory enzyme PLA2 which is known to trigger the skin's inflammation response that leads to redness, discomfort, and PIH (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation). Used in Calming BioLipid Repair Creme and Fluid. (cellularskinrx.com)
Anti redness = ضد قرمزی

redness of the skin = قرمزی پوست

rosacea, a very common skin disease that affects people over the age of 30. It causes redness on your nose, cheeks, chin, and forehead = رزاسه، بیماری رایج پوستی که افراد بالای 30 سال را تحت تأثیر قرار می دهد و با قرمزی روی بینی، گونه، چانه و پیشانی بروز می کند

Sensitive skin is characterized by thinned, redness prone, and it is easily inflamed by skincare products = پوست حساس معمولا نازک است، مستعد قرمزی است، در اثر مصرف محصولات مراقبت از پوست به راحتی ملتهب می شود

قانون = Regulation
regulation = قانون گذاری

PALMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE 3: Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 has been clinically proven to suppress the body's production of interleukins (IL6), the chemical messengers that trigger inflammation, the first step in the aging cascade. Inflammation is a function of immunity and is a protective response to injury or destruction of tissue. This is the body's way of walling off the injurious agent and the injured tissue. Under normal circumstances, very little IL6 is secreted and its secretion is strictly controlled. However, as we age this regulation system develops defects, and significant levels of IL6 appear in the plasma even when there is no inflammatory stimulus. This results in high levels of inflammatory proteins in the tissues and a loss of healing potential. At concentrations from 10 ppm, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 induces a marked reduction in the secretion of the cytokine IL6. This reduction is progressive and depends on the concentration of the peptide: baseline secretion may be inhibited by up to 40%. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 reduced levels of IL6 after cells were exposed to UV radiation by up to 86% even though IL6 had been increased by about 20 fold by the UV. These results show that Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is able to affect baseline levels of IL6 as well as modulate the effects of UV-stimulated over-production of IL6. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is marketed by Sederma as a molecule that can restore cytokine equilibrium, which characterizes youthful skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
downregulation = کاهش

osmoregulation = تنظیم تراوایی، اسمو رگولاسیون

natural regulation = تنظیم طبیعی

Seborrhea regulation = تنظیم ترشح چربی توسط غدد چربی

cosmetics regulations = قوانین و مقررات آرایشی بهداشتی

Scalp hyperseborrhea regulation = تنظیم فعالیت بیش از حد غدد چربی پوست سر

functions of the skin are protection, heat regulation, sensation, excretion, secretion and absorption = عملکردهای پوست عبارتند از محافظت، تنظیم دما، لامسه، ترشح چربی و تراوش عرق

ترخیص = Release
release = رهایش

SODIUM LAUROYL LACTYLATE — The sodium salt of lactic acid, a food-grade emulsifier and mild surfactant, used as a foam- ing and cleansing agent and to give the hair a soft, silky texture. The emulsifier of choice for natural products, it offers excellent moisturizing proper ties and leaves a smooth feel after application. It penetrates the top layer of skin to offer residual moisturization, extended fragrance release and enhanced delivery of actives. (INCI dictionary)
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 3: A non-toxic amino-peptide developed specifically to reduce wrinkles and the signs of premature aging. Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 is a cost-effective alternative to injections and surgical procedures. Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 temporarily limits the overproduction and release of neurotransmitters that initiate and control the intensity of facial muscle contractions. This reduction in intensity reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. This powerful ingredient reduces muscle contractions in a non-paralytic fashion and without toxic side effects. It is naturally derived and non-irritating to the skin. Attaching the hexapeptide to the fatty acid, acetyl, allows the resulting amino-peptide to be easily absorbed into the skin. At a 10% concentration, Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 has been shown to reduce the depth of wrinkles up to 30% after 30 days of trial use. (source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science, Vol. 24, No 5, p.303, October 2002). Currently, doctors are beginning to recommend use of Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 skin serums in conjunction with paralytic injections to prolong those results. (cellularskinrx.com)
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 30: A longer chain acetyl molecule cousin to Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 and 8. Similarly, it inhibits acetylcholine release both pre- and post-synaptically to block nerve signals that cause facial muscles to contract and eventually, form lines and wrinkles. This reduction in nerve signal intensity and muscular contractions reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. Use of Acetyl Hexapeptide 30 in combination with other Acetyl Hexapeptide molecules has an additive effect which is more powerful than using any of the amino-peptides alone. (cellularskinrx.com)
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 8: An amino-peptide developed specifically to reduce wrinkles and the signs of premature aging. Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 is the longer chain molecule cousin of Acetyl Hexapeptide 3. Similar to AH-3, it is a cost-effective alternative to injections and surgical procedures. Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 temporarily limits the overproduction and release of neurotransmitters that initiate and control the intensity of facial muscle contractions. This reduction in intensity reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. Used in combination with Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 and Acetyl Hexapeptide 30, it results in an additive wrinkle-relaxing effect that is more powerful than each amino-peptide used alone. (cellularskinrx.com)
BETAINE SALICYLATE: Betaine Salicylate is a natural skin conditioner derived from sugar beets. It is complexed with keratolytic BHA. It provides time-released exfoliating action long after it is removed. (cellularskinrx.com)
PENTAPEPTIDE 3: Pentapeptide-3 is a powerful yet safe wrinkle-relaxer that acts similarly to curare, the powerful paralytic nerve agent. As with curare, this powerful peptide acts at the post-synaptic membrane. The peptide prevents release of the sodium ion necessary for muscle receptors to receive nerve signals that cause the muscles to contract. The muscle stays relaxed and lines are not formed. Used in SuperMax MultiPeptide Skin Solution Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
TRIPEPTIDE: Tripeptide has been developed as an efficient smoothing and anti-wrinkle small peptide particularly effective against expression lines by relaxing facial muscles. This active tripeptide acts in a manner similar to Walglerin 1. Acting at the post-synaptic membrane, Tripeptide is a reverible antagonist of the muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (mnAChR). Tripeptide binds to the receptor; consequently it remains closed. In the closed state, sodium ions (Na+) are not released and the muscles stay relaxed. Clinical trials have shown that Tripeptide is capable of reducing expression lines/wrinkles by inhibiting muscle contractions. Used in SuperMax MultiPeptide Skin Solution Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
release out = تراوش به بیرون

pesticides, toxic substances released intentionally into our environment to kill living things = آفت کش، مواد شیمیایی سمی که عمداً به محیط اضافه می شود تا موجودات زنده مزاحم را از بین ببرند

Avoid the use of treatment that releases heat or stimulates the skin too much = از درمان هایی که مستلزم ایجاد حرارت یا تحریک بیش از حد پوست هستند اجتناب شود

رولان = Rollon

سابال = Sabal

گلرنگ = Safflower
safflower oil = روغن گلرنگ

CARTHAMUS TINCTORIUS — Safflower Oil. Cold-pressed (INCI dictionary)
Rye Seed Extract – Secale cereale Safflower Oil – Car thamus tinctorius Sage Oil – Salvia officinalis Sandalwood Oil – Santalum album Sarsaparilla Root – Smilax utilis Sassafras – Sassafras officinale (INCI dictionary)
SAFFLOWER OIL: Excellent lightweight cleansing oil. Dissolves heavier oils and oil-based dirt and make-up. (cellularskinrx.com)
Animal Fats and Oils: In foods, cosmetics, etc. Highly allergenic. Alternatives: olive oil, wheat germ oil, coconut oil, flaxseed oil, almond oil, safflower oil, etc. (peta.org)
Fatty Acids: Can be one or any mixture of liquid and solid acids such as caprylic, lauric, myristic, oleic, palmitic, and stearic. Used in bubble baths, lipsticks, soap, detergents, cosmetics, food. Alternatives: vegetable-derived acids, soy lecithin, safflower oil, bitter almond oil, sunflower oil, etc. (peta.org)
Safflower, Carthamus tinctorius = گلرنگ، کاجیره، کارتاموس

اسکار = Scars
scars = اسکارها
acne scars = اسکار آکنه، فرورفتگی یا برآمدگی های ایجاد شده روی سطح پوست در اثر عدم درمان به موقع آکنه

سبابه = Sebaceous
sebaceous = مربوط به غدد سبابه یا سباسه

RETINYL PALMITATE — Vitamin A. Antioxidant vitamin widely used (both internally and topically) in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions. Its topical application promotes the formation of new skin cells and helps regulate oil secretion in the sebaceous glands. Par ticularly beneficial for dry or sun-exposed skin, it is often found in sun protection creams for its antioxidant proper ties and its soothing and hydrating effect on the skin. (A deficiency of vitamin A in the body reduces the mucopolysaccharides in the skin, which accelerates the skin’s aging process.) Also used as a natural preser- vative in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary)
IVY, owing to folliculin-like activity, locally reduces the sebaceous flow while its saponosids decongest hair scalp and clean out exceeding lipids. ()
Sebaceous gland = غدد سبابه، غدد چربی ساز پوست، غده کوچکی در پوست پستانداران که تولید چربی می کند، غده ای که سبوم ترشح می کند

RETINYL PALMITATE — Vitamin A. Antioxidant vitamin widely used (both internally and topically) in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions. Its topical application promotes the formation of new skin cells and helps regulate oil secretion in the sebaceous glands. Par ticularly beneficial for dry or sun-exposed skin, it is often found in sun protection creams for its antioxidant proper ties and its soothing and hydrating effect on the skin. (A deficiency of vitamin A in the body reduces the mucopolysaccharides in the skin, which accelerates the skin’s aging process.) Also used as a natural preser- vative in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary)
sebaceous glands = غدد سبابه

RETINYL PALMITATE — Vitamin A. Antioxidant vitamin widely used (both internally and topically) in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions. Its topical application promotes the formation of new skin cells and helps regulate oil secretion in the sebaceous glands. Par ticularly beneficial for dry or sun-exposed skin, it is often found in sun protection creams for its antioxidant proper ties and its soothing and hydrating effect on the skin. (A deficiency of vitamin A in the body reduces the mucopolysaccharides in the skin, which accelerates the skin’s aging process.) Also used as a natural preser- vative in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary)
pilosebaceous unit = واحد پیلوسباسه شامل فولیکول مو، ساقه مو و غده سباسه

sebaceous activity = فعالیت غدد سبابه

sebaceous follicles = فولیکول سباسه

sebum in the sebaceous glands = سبوم در غدد سبابه

acne = chronic inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous gland = آکنه = عارضه التهابی و مزمن غده پیلوسباسه

sebocyte, any of the cells that make up the sebaceous glands, and secrete sebum = سبوسیت، سبوسایت، سلول های تشکیل دهنده غدد سبابه که سبوم ترشح می کنند

lanoline, wool wax, wool grease, a wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of wool-bearing animals = لانولین، موم پشم، چربی پشم، روغن پشم گوسفند، ماده مومی یا چرب که توسط غدد سبابه حیوانات پشم دار مثل گوسفند ترشح می شود

overactive sebaceous glands = غدد چربی بیش فعال

سباسه = Sebaceous Gland
Sebaceous gland = غدد سبابه، غدد چربی ساز پوست، غده کوچکی در پوست پستانداران که تولید چربی می کند، غده ای که سبوم ترشح می کند

RETINYL PALMITATE — Vitamin A. Antioxidant vitamin widely used (both internally and topically) in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions. Its topical application promotes the formation of new skin cells and helps regulate oil secretion in the sebaceous glands. Par ticularly beneficial for dry or sun-exposed skin, it is often found in sun protection creams for its antioxidant proper ties and its soothing and hydrating effect on the skin. (A deficiency of vitamin A in the body reduces the mucopolysaccharides in the skin, which accelerates the skin’s aging process.) Also used as a natural preser- vative in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary)
sebaceous glands = غدد سبابه

RETINYL PALMITATE — Vitamin A. Antioxidant vitamin widely used (both internally and topically) in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions. Its topical application promotes the formation of new skin cells and helps regulate oil secretion in the sebaceous glands. Par ticularly beneficial for dry or sun-exposed skin, it is often found in sun protection creams for its antioxidant proper ties and its soothing and hydrating effect on the skin. (A deficiency of vitamin A in the body reduces the mucopolysaccharides in the skin, which accelerates the skin’s aging process.) Also used as a natural preser- vative in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary)
sebum in the sebaceous glands = سبوم در غدد سبابه

acne = chronic inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous gland = آکنه = عارضه التهابی و مزمن غده پیلوسباسه

sebocyte, any of the cells that make up the sebaceous glands, and secrete sebum = سبوسیت، سبوسایت، سلول های تشکیل دهنده غدد سبابه که سبوم ترشح می کنند

lanoline, wool wax, wool grease, a wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of wool-bearing animals = لانولین، موم پشم، چربی پشم، روغن پشم گوسفند، ماده مومی یا چرب که توسط غدد سبابه حیوانات پشم دار مثل گوسفند ترشح می شود

overactive sebaceous glands = غدد چربی بیش فعال

سنسور = Sensor
sensor = سنسور

OLFACTORY BULB: The first region of the brain to receive sensory inputs from the olfactory epithelium. The olfactory bulb presents the initial input and communicates via multiple pathways with numerous other regions of the brain, e.g. limbic system, hypothalamus and cortex. (fragrance.org)
OLFACTORY EPITHELIUM: Layer of sensory cells in the upper-rear portion of the nose. Each side of the nose contains roughly 15 million sensory cells in the epithelium. (fragrance.org)
sensoriality = ویژگی های لمسی

sensory organ = اندام حسی

sensory neurons = عصب حسی

sensory attributes = ویژگی های حسی

sensory properties = ویژگی های حسی و لمسی

imparts an appealing sensory profile = با ویژگی های لمسی جذاب

a panel specialized in sensory analysis = پانلی از متخصصان آنالیز ویژگی های لمسی و احساسی

sensory organ = اندام حسی پنجگانه

توالی = Sequence
active sequence = توالی فعال

سرنوآ = Serenoa

درخشش = Shimmer
Shimmer = براق کننده

قاچاق = Smuggle

اسفنج = Sponge
sponge = اسفنج

Sponge (Luna and Sea): A plantlike animal. Lives in the sea. Becoming scarce. Alternatives: synthetic sponges, loofahs (plants used as sponges). (peta.org)
Face sponge = اسفنج فیشال

sponge-like = اسفنجی

facial sponge = اسفنج فیشال

Disposable sponges = اسفنج های آرایشی یکبار مصرف

سترون = Strile
strile = استریل، سترون

سرسخت = Stubborn
stubborn = سرسخت

سنتزی = Synthetic
synthetic = سنتزی، مصنوعی، صناعی

DETERGENTS — cleansing agents that are chemically different from soaps, but resemble them in the ability to emulsify oils and hold dirt in suspension. Detergents can vary widely in composition. Though some can be plant-based, most are processed with petroleum derivatives or are synthetic. Examples: sodium lauryl/ laureth sulfate, cocamide DEA, cocamidopropyl betaine. (INCI dictionary) 
دترجنت ها: تركيبات پاك كننده كه ساختارشان با صابون متفاوت است، اما در توانايي تشكيل امولسيون با روغن ها و سوسپانسيون كردن چرك ها با صابون ها مشترك هستند. تركيب درصد دترجنت ها مي تواند متفاوت باشد. برخي از دترجنت ها گياهي هستند اما بسياري از آنها با مشتقات نفت فراوري شده يا سنتزي هستند. مثال از دترجنت ها: سديم لوريل/ لورت سولفات، كوكاميد دي اتانول آمين، كوكاميدو پروپيل بتائين
ASTRAGALUS GUMMIFER — Gum Tragacanth. A thickener and binding agent in creams and lotions, this herbal gum is also a key ingredient in natural setting lotions, hairsprays and gels. Both gum arabic and gum tragacanth are natural alternatives to synthetic polymers (such as PVP) found in most commercial hair products. (INCI dictionary)
CELLULOSE GUM — The most abundant polymer found in nature. Used as a setting agent in hairsprays, styling gels and mousses. A natural alternative to synthetic polymers (such as PVP) found in most mass-produced styling aids. Also used as a binder and thickener in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
COCOS NUCIFERA OIL — Coconut Oil. Rich emollient exressed from coconuts. It is naturally converted into a soap through a saponification reaction with an alkaline salt. Beware of cosmetics that bill themselves as natural and use a synthetically processed derivative, sodium lauryl sulfate, claiming it comes from coconut oil. Accept nothing but the real thing in its natural form. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن نارگيل: يك امولينت غني، استخراج شده از نارگيل. در فرايند صابوني سازي در حضور نمك هاي قليايي به صابون تبديل مي شود. برخي محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي ادعا مي كنند كه طبيعي هستند و از مشتقات سنتزي مثل سديم لوريل سولفات استفاده مي كند. اما ادعا مي كند كه حاوي روغن نارگيل هستند. اگر دقت كرده باشيد در تبليغ بسياري از شامپوها گفته شده حاوي روغن نارگيل، در صورتي كه اينگونه نيست. روغن نارگيل اگرچه به عنوان ماده اوليه در فرايند ساخت سديم لوريل اتر سولفات ممكن است استفاده شود اما اين موضوع نمي تواند موجب شود كه استفاده كننده اين تركيب چنين ادعايي كند.
FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
GLYCERIN — Vegetable Glycerin. Rich humectant, emollient and lubricant naturally extracted from vegetable oils, used in cosmetic formulations for thousands of years. (Synthetic glycerin, otherwise known as propylene glycol, is highly irritating to the skin and scalp and should be avoided.) (INCI dictionary)
NATURAL FLOWER OIL — Oil extracted from flowers and used in synthetic-free perfumes and colognes. A natural fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL PENTAPEPTIDE 3: Clinically proven to regenerate the skin's upper layers by stimulating collagen production, thus thickening the epidermis. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of the C-terminal portion of collagen I (the most common type of the nineteen forms of collagen) combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. One could look at Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 as a man-made precursor to collagen I. When this protein is added to cultured human fibroblasts it enhances the synthesis of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin. In vitro, Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen IV synthesis by 100-327% and to stimulate hyaluronic acidsynthesis by 267%. In vivo Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen synthesis by 30-117%. Image analysis determined the effect Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had on wrinkled skin. The six-month results are listed below, though significant results were seen in two months. Results: Mean wrinkle depth -- Reduced 17% Surface area: deep wrinkles -- Reduced 68% Surface area: moderate wrinkles -- Reduced 51% Mean density of wrinkled area -- Reduced 47% Skin roughness -- Reduced 16% Main wrinkle volume -- Reduced 24%. These results show that Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had a dramatic effect on reducing the quantity and depth of wrinkles. It also improved surface smoothness. (cellularskinrx.com)
Progesterone: A steroid hormone used in anti-wrinkle face creams. Can have adverse systemic effects. Alternatives: synthetics. (peta.org)
Sponge (Luna and Sea): A plantlike animal. Lives in the sea. Becoming scarce. Alternatives: synthetic sponges, loofahs (plants used as sponges). (peta.org)
Hide Glue: Same as gelatin but of a cruder impure form. Alternatives: dextrins and synthetic petrochemical-based adhesives. (See Gelatin.) (peta.org)
Sable Brushes: From the fur of sables (weasel-like mammals). Used to make eye makeup, lipstick, and artists’ brushes. Alternatives: synthetic fibers. (peta.org)
Duodenum Substances: From the digestive tracts of cows and pigs. Added to some vitamin tablets. In some medicines. Alternatives: vegetarian vitamins, synthetics. (peta.org)
Cortisone Corticosteroid: When animal-derived, a hormone from adrenal glands. However, a synthetic is widely used. Typically used in medicine. Alternatives: synthetics. (peta.org)
Propolis: Tree sap gathered by bees and used as a sealant in beehives. In toothpaste, shampoo, deodorant, supplements, etc. Alternatives: tree sap, synthetics. (peta.org)
Amino Acids: The building blocks of protein in all animals and plants. In cosmetics, vitamins, supplements, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: synthetics, plant sources. (peta.org)
Ambergris: From whale intestines. Used as a fixative in making perfumes and as a flavoring in foods and beverages. Alternatives: synthetic or vegetable fixatives. (peta.org)
Tyrosine: Amino acid often of plant or synthetic origin but sometimes hydrolyzed from casein (milk). Used in cosmetics and creams. Derivative: Glucose Tyrosinase. (peta.org)
Insulin: From hog pancreas. Used by millions of diabetics daily. Alternatives: synthetics, vegetarian diet and nutritional supplements, human insulin grown in a lab. (peta.org)
Panthenol Dexpanthenol Vitamin B-Complex Factor Provitamin B-5: Can come from animal or plant sources or synthetics. In shampoos, supplements, emollients, etc. In foods. Derivative: Panthenyl. Alternatives: synthetics, plants. (peta.org)
Bone Char: Animal bone ash. Used in bone china and often to make sugar white. Serves as the charcoal used in aquarium filters. Alternatives: synthetic tribasic calcium phosphate. (peta.org)
Cerebrosides: Fatty acids and sugars found in the covering of nerves. May be synthetic or of animal origin. When animal-derived, may include tissue from brain. Used in moisturizers. (peta.org)
Methionine: Essential amino acid found in various proteins (usually from egg albumen and casein). Used as a texturizer and for freshness in potato chips. Alternatives: synthetics. (peta.org)
Elastin: Protein found in the neck ligaments and aortas of cows. Similar to collagen. Can’t affect the skin’s own elasticity. Alternatives: synthetics, protein from plant tissues. (peta.org)
Cetyl Alcohol: Wax originally found in spermaceti from sperm whales or dolphins but now most often derived from petroleum. Alternatives: vegetable cetyl alcohol (e.g., coconut), synthetic spermaceti. (peta.org)
Fur: Obtained from animals (usually mink, foxes, or rabbits) cruelly trapped in steel-jaw traps or raised in intensive confinement on fur farms. Alternatives: synthetics. (See Sable Brushes.) (peta.org)
Leather Suede Calfskin Sheepskin Alligator Skin Other Types of Skin: Subsidizes the meat industry. Used to make wallets, handbags, furniture and car upholstery, shoes, etc. Alternatives: cotton, canvas, nylon, vinyl, ultrasuede, pleather, other synthetics. (peta.org)
Pristane: Obtained from the liver oil of sharks and from whale ambergris. (See Squalene, Ambergris.) Used as a lubricant and anti-corrosive agent. In cosmetics. Alternatives: plant oils, synthetics. (peta.org)
Catgut: Tough string from the intestines of sheep, horses, etc. Used for surgical sutures. Also for stringing tennis rackets, musical instruments, etc. Alternatives: nylon and other synthetic fibers. (peta.org)
Hyaluronic Acid: When animal-derived, a protein found in umbilical cords and the fluids around the joints. Used in cosmetics and some medical applications. Alternatives: synthetic hyaluronic acid, plant oils. (peta.org)
Blood: From any slaughtered animal. Used as adhesive in plywood, also found in cheese-making, foam rubber, intravenous feedings, and medicines. Possibly in foods such as lecithin. Alternatives: synthetics, plant sources. (peta.org)
Castor Castoreum: Creamy substance with strong odor, originally from muskrat and beaver genitals but now typically synthetic. Used as a fixative in perfume and incense. While some cosmetics companies continue to use animal castor, the majority do not. (peta.org)
Allantoin: Uric acid from cows, most mammals. Also in many plants (especially comfrey). In cosmetics (especially creams and lotions) and used in treatment of wounds and ulcers. Derivatives: Alcloxa, Aldioxa. Alternatives: extract of comfrey root, synthetics. (peta.org)
Guanine Pearl Essence: Obtained from scales of fish. Constituent of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid and found in all animal and plant tissues. In shampoo, nail polish, other cosmetics. Alternatives: leguminous plants, synthetic pearl, or aluminum and bronze particles. (peta.org)
Steroids Sterols: From various animal glands or from plant tissues. Steroids include sterols. Sterols are alcohol from animals or plants (e.g., cholesterol). Used in hormone preparation. In creams, lotions, hair conditioners, fragrances, etc. Alternatives: plant tissues, synthetics. (peta.org)
Bee Pollen: Microsporic grains in seed plants gathered by bees then collected from the legs of bees. Causes allergic reactions in some people. In nutritional supplements, shampoos, toothpastes, deodorants. Alternatives: synthetics, plant amino acids, pollen collected from plants. (peta.org)
Down: Goose or duck insulating feathers. From slaughtered or cruelly exploited geese. Used as an insulator in quilts, parkas, sleeping bags, pillows, etc. Alternatives: polyester and synthetic substitutes, kapok (silky fibers from the seeds of some tropical trees) and milkweed seed pod fibers. (peta.org)
Arachidonic Acid: A liquid unsaturated fatty acid that is found in liver, brain, glands, and fat of animals and humans. Generally isolated from animal liver. Used in companion animal food for nutrition and in skin creams and lotions to soothe eczema and rashes. Alternatives: synthetics, aloe vera, tea tree oil, calendula ointment. (peta.org)
Urea Carbamide: Typically synthetic. When extracted from animals, it is excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. In deodorants, ammoniated dentifrices, mouthwashes, hair colorings, hand creams, lotions, shampoos, etc. Used to “brown” baked goods, such as pretzels. Derivatives: Imidazolidinyl Urea, Uric Acid. Alternatives: synthetics. (peta.org)
Lactic Acid: Typically derived from plants such as beets. When animal-derived, found in blood and muscle tissue. Also in sour milk, beer, sauerkraut, pickles, and other food products made by bacterial fermentation. Used in skin fresheners, as a preservative, in the formation of plasticizers, etc. Alternatives: plant milk sugars, synthetics. (peta.org)
Spermaceti Cetyl Palmitate Sperm Oil: Waxy oil originally derived from the sperm whale’s head or from dolphins but now most often derived from petroleum. In many margarines. In skin creams, ointments, shampoos, candles, etc. Used in the leather industry. May become rancid and cause irritations. Alternatives: synthetic spermaceti, jojoba oil, and other vegetable emollients. (peta.org)
Vitamin A: Can come from fish liver oil (e.g., shark liver oil), egg yolk, butter, lemongrass, wheat germ oil, carotene in carrots, and synthetics. An aliphatic alcohol. In cosmetics, creams, perfumes, hair dyes, etc. In vitamins, supplements. Alternatives: carrots, other vegetables, synthetics. (Please note that Vitamin A exists in two forms: see also Carotene, Retinol.) (peta.org)
Colors Dyes: Pigments from animal, plant, and synthetic sources used to color foods, cosmetics, and other products. Cochineal is from insects. Widely used FD&C and D&C colors are coal-tar (bituminous coal) derivatives that are continuously tested on animals because of their carcinogenic properties. Alternatives: grapes, beets, turmeric, saffron, carrots, chlorophyll, annatto, alkanet. (peta.org)
Vitamin D Ergocalciferol Vitamin D2 Ergosterol Provitamin D2 Calciferol Vitamin D3: Vitamin D can come from fish liver oil, milk, egg yolks, and other animal products but can also come from plant sources. Vitamin D2 is typically vegan. Vitamin D3 may be from an animal source. All the D vitamins can be in creams, lotions, other cosmetics, vitamin tablets, etc. Alternatives: plant and mineral sources, synthetics, completely vegetarian vitamins, exposure of skin to sunshine. (peta.org)
Lecithin Choline Bitartrate: Waxy substance in nervous tissue of all living organisms. But frequently obtained for commercial purposes from eggs and soybeans. Also from nerve tissue, blood, milk, corn. Choline bitartrate, the basic constituent of lecithin, is in many animal and plant tissues and prepared synthetically. Lecithin can be in eye creams, lipsticks, liquid powders, hand creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos, other cosmetics, and some medicines. Alternatives: soybean lecithin, synthetics. (peta.org)
Estrogen Estradiol: Female hormones from pregnant mares’ urine. Considered a drug. Can have harmful systemic effects if used by children. Used for reproductive problems and in birth control pills and Premarin, a menopausal drug. In creams, perfumes, and lotions. Has a negligible effect in the creams as a skin restorative; simple vegetable-source emollients are considered better. Alternatives: oral contraceptives and menopausal drugs based on synthetic steroids or phytoestrogens (from plants, especially palm-kernel oil). Menopausal symptoms can also be treated with diet and herbs. (peta.org)
Silk Silk Powder: Silk is the shiny fiber made by silkworms to form their cocoons. Worms are boiled in their cocoons to get the silk. Used in cloth. In silk-screening (other fine cloth can be and is used instead). Taffeta can be made from silk or nylon. Silk powder is obtained from the secretion of the silkworm. It is used as a coloring agent in face powders, soaps, etc. Can cause severe allergic skin reactions and systemic reactions if inhaled or ingested. Alternatives: milkweed seed-pod fibers, nylon, silk-cotton tree and ceiba tree filaments (kapok), rayon, and synthetic silks. (peta.org)
Wool: From sheep. Used in clothing. Ram lambs and old “wool” sheep are slaughtered for their meat. Sheep are transported without food or water, in extreme heat and cold. Legs are broken, eyes injured, etc. Sheep are bred to be unnaturally woolly and unnaturally wrinkly, which causes them to get insect infestations around the tail areas. The farmer’s solution to this is the painful cutting away of the flesh around the tail (called “mulesing”). “Inferior” sheep are killed. When sheep are sheared, they are pinned down violently and sheared roughly. Their skin is cut up. Every year, hundreds of thousands of shorn sheep die from exposure to cold. Natural predators of sheep (wolves, coyotes, eagles, etc.) are poisoned, trapped, and shot. In the U.S., overgrazing of cattle and sheep is turning more than 150 million acres of land to desert. “Natural” wool production uses enormous amounts of resources and energy (for breeding, rearing, feeding, shearing, transport, slaughter, etc.). Derivatives: Lanolin, Wool Wax, Wool Fat. Alternatives: cotton, cotton flannel, synthetic fibers, ramie, etc. (peta.org)
Ambergris: A highly prized base note rarely used in non-synthetic form because of its rarity and cost. Why is it so expensive? Because of its origins: The sperm whale eats cuttlefish, whose bones are indigestible and painful to its stomach lining. As a result, it secretes a substance that surrounds the bones. This mass gets excreted, most likely from the whale’s back end. It then floats around in the water, ages, gets oxidized by the sun, and turns into the substance that washes ashore until it’s found by some lucky bastard who can sell it for more per ounce than gold. Ambergris smells earthy, sweet, tobacco-like, and provides a roundness and depth to perfumes. Christian Dior Dioressence perfume was said to have been inspired by perfumer Guy Robert’s encounter with both real ambergris and a knock-off Miss Dior soap. (intothegloss.com)
Castoreum: An oily secretion from the abdominal sacs of beavers, often a byproduct of the fur trade. Its warm, animalic, and even fruity scent is used in many leather perfumes—but mostly in synthetic form. In Amouage Fate Woman. (intothegloss.com)
Civet: Yes, civet is the cream harvested from a civet animal’s anal gland. Or rather was harvested. Most civet is now synthetic. (It’s said that Chanel No. 5 stopped using real civet as late as the 1980s.) Fecal-smelling when undiluted, it becomes magic when added to other scents as a base note. Civet is usually subtly added to the base of perfumes, but because “animalic” styles are back in full force, perfumes such as Brent Leonesio Untitled No. 8 puts this skanky note in a starring role. (intothegloss.com)
Cuir: Pronounced “queer,” cuir is the French word for leather. Leather perfumes are made with accords constructed from various perfume notes including birch tar, styrax, castoreum, myrtle, cade, and a variety of synthetic arochemicals. Chanel Cuir de Russie is a classic leather perfume. (intothegloss.com)
Headspace technology: A method pioneered in the 1970s of capturing scent molecules and reconstructing their smell for perfumes. A bell-jar like apparatus is placed over the scented object and the molecules are extracted and saved. Once they’re analyzed, a synthetic version is created. This is how perfumes that are hard to distill, like gardenia, and notes like dirt, in Demeter’s much-lauded Dirt, are created. (intothegloss.com)
Musk: Musk is used to extend the life of fragrances and to add a sensual feel, and perfumers now use a large array of synthetic musks in perfume that range from dark and animalic to fresh and laundry-like. Musk deer were once almost killed to extinction for their musk glands, which, when opened, had tiny grains of musk that were tinctured and used in perfume. Narcisco Rodriguez for Her was a recent popular clean musk scent. (intothegloss.com)
Oud/Agarwood: Made from the resin of the Aquilaria tree, which it emits when it’s attacked by pathogens, oud has an animalic, earthy, woody, tobacco, sometimes camphory quality that is complex and dark. Most scents featuring oud use a synthetic version, because the real stuff is understandably expensive to harvest. Regardless, its popularity doesn’t seem to be waning. L’Artisan Al Oudh and Christian Dior Leather Oud are incredibly animalic iterations, and a more romantic “feminine” version is in Kilian Rose Oud. (intothegloss.com)
ANIMALIC: Characterized by bodily aromas or aromas most associated with traditional animal materials such as musk, civet and castoreum. These materials are now banned and have been replaced with musks obtained from plants and civet and castoreum smelling molecules obtained synthetically. (fragrance.org)
AROMA CHEMICALS: Molecules obtained from natural products or made by synthetic organic chemistry that have an aroma. Most of the synthetic aroma chemicals are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule obtained from a natural product. (fragrance.org)
COUMARIN: A chemical compound with a sweet, distinctive vanilla-like odor with grassy elements. Found naturally in some plants, it may also be produced synthetically. It is used by perfumers as a base note to add warmth and depth. (fragrance.org)
HYDROXYCITRONELLAL: A beautiful lily aromatic, this synthetic is widely used in perfumery, particularly as the basis of all fragrances in which lily is incorporated. (fragrance.org)
IONONES: One of the most valued synthetic perfume ingredients. They have a fresh, violet aroma and were first introduced into perfumery in 1936 in Violettes de Toulouse. (fragrance.org)
MODERN: In perfumery, the modern era began at the beginning of the 20th century when synthetic aroma chemicals such as aldehydes were first used. A modern fragrance is a harmonious creation of the perfumer based on new notes or harmonies often unknown in nature. (fragrance.org)
MUSK: Originally derived from the musk sacs from the Asian musk deer, it has now been replaced by the use of synthetic musks which usually are called “white musk”. (fragrance.org)
PERFUMER’S PALETTE: The range of perfume ingredients from which a perfumer selects to use in the formulation of a perfume. There are 3400 raw materials available to perfumers – 400 naturals and 3000 synthetics. (fragrance.org)
SNYTHETICS: Perfume ingredients that are produced by synthetic organic chemistry rather than bio-synthetically by a plant. In most cases the synthetic ingredients used in perfumery are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule made by the plant. (fragrance.org)
SPECIALTIES: Natural oils, natural isolates or synthetics, either alone or in combination, which are used as building blocks for fragrance compounds. They are less complex than a finished fragrance compound. They may be an end-product of special processing treatments or unique raw materials. A single company under a trade name usually supplies them. (fragrance.org)
Henna Color: Henna is a plant that contains a deep red dye used as a natural form of hair coloring. The active component in henna is lawsone, which binds itself to keratin (human hair protein) and washes away after several months- making it a semi-permanent color. Variations to the deep red color can be found as a result of mixing ingredients from other plants and vegetables, and even synthetic dyes. Sometimes, however, these synthetic dyes can cause some damage to the hair shaft. You need to be aware of how using henna can cause problems later when trying to perm or perform other chemical procedures on the hair. (thehairstyler.com)
synthetic polymer = پلیمر سنتزی

ASTRAGALUS GUMMIFER — Gum Tragacanth. A thickener and binding agent in creams and lotions, this herbal gum is also a key ingredient in natural setting lotions, hairsprays and gels. Both gum arabic and gum tragacanth are natural alternatives to synthetic polymers (such as PVP) found in most commercial hair products. (INCI dictionary)
CELLULOSE GUM — The most abundant polymer found in nature. Used as a setting agent in hairsprays, styling gels and mousses. A natural alternative to synthetic polymers (such as PVP) found in most mass-produced styling aids. Also used as a binder and thickener in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
synthetic chemicals = مواد شیمیایی سنتزی

synthetic detergents = دترجت های صناعی، شوینده های سنتزی

IONONES, One of the most valued synthetic perfume ingredients. They have a fresh, violet aroma and were first introduced into perfumery in 1936 in Violettes de Toulouse. = آیونونها: یكی از باارزش ترین مواد عطری سنتزی، رایحه تازه و گل بنفشه دارند. در سال 1936 به صنعت عطرسازی معرفی شدند.

COUMARIN, A chemical compound with a sweet, distinctive vanilla-like odor with grassy elements. Found naturally in some plants, it may also be produced synthetically. It is used by perfumers as a base note to add warmth and depth. = كومارین: ماده ای شیمیایی با رایحه شیرین و شبیه وانیل. از كومارین به عنوان نوت پایه در فرمولاسیون عطر اضافه می شود تا به آن گرما و عمق ببخشد.

AROMA CHEMICALS, Molecules obtained from natural products or made by synthetic organic chemistry that have an aroma. Most of the synthetic aroma chemicals are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule obtained from a natural product. = مواد شیمیایی آروماتیك یا آروماكمیكال ها مولکول‌هایی هستند كه از محصولات طبیعی به دست می‌آیند یا به صورت سنتزی ساخته می‌شوند و بو دارند. بسیاری از مواد شیمایی آروماتیك بوی شبیه مواد طبیعی دارند. به عبارت دیگر شبیه مولکول‌هایی هستند كه از طبیعت به دست می‌آیند.

ANIMALIC, Characterized by bodily aromas or aromas most associated with traditional animal materials such as musk, civet and castoreum. These materials are now banned and have been replaced with musks obtained from plants and civet and castoreum smelling molecules obtained synthetically. = انیمالیك یا حیوانی، به بوهایی گفته می‌شود كه در عطرهای حیوانی سنتی مثل مُشك، سیوت و كاستریوم وجود دارد. این مواد در حال حاضر ممنوع هستند و با مشک‌های به دست آمده از گیاهان و مولکول‌هایی كه بوی شبیه سیوت و كاستریوم می‌دهند و به صورت سنتزی تشكل شده‌اند جایگزین شده‌اند.

تلوژن = Telogen
telogen = تلوژن

Telogen: the Resting phase. The hair stays attached to the follicle and falls out only to be replaced by the next building hair in the anagen phase. This phase lasts approximately 100 days. (Capixyl)
anagen hair/telogen hair ratio = نسبت موهای آناژن به تلوژن

موقتی = Temporary
temporary = موقتی

JUGLANS REGIA EXTRACT — Walnut Extract. Tonic and astringent, very beneficial to the skin and scalp. Also used as a temporary brown hair color, often in combination with henna. (INCI dictionary)
Hair Color Sprays: Hair color sprays are temporary or wash-out colors that are generally found in aerosol cans and sprayed onto dry hair. They are mainly crazy fashion colors such as blue, green, red, yellow etc. Also, they are sometimes used by people to mask grey hair, or by some men to make their fine thinning hair appear darker and therefore thicker, and even to color the scalp to disguise hair loss. A word of caution though: keep out of the rain and avoid humid weather or the color will run off the hair and onto your clothing. (thehairstyler.com)
Hair Color Sticks: Hair color sticks are temporary colors used- when people need a quick fix- to touch up exposed roots, or to create highlights of different colors. The stick is similar to mascara, and color is painted directly onto dry hair with a small brush. It's a somewhat sloppy process and can dry stiff. Watch out too for moisture because the color can run off the hair and onto your clothing. (thehairstyler.com)
Temporary Hair Color: Temporary hair color comes in various forms including rinses, shampoos, gels, mousses and sprays. The color molecules are very large and can only sit on the hair's cuticle- therefore they don't penetrate into the hair- making the color only last 1 wash. Temporary hair colors are great for a quick, temporary and relatively safe makeover (in any case always consult your stylist first). Just remember they cannot lighten hair, but can only temporarily darken and brighten. (thehairstyler.com)
temporary dye = رنگ موهای موقتی

Blemish (temporary) = لک (موقت)

Temporary Hair Color, temporary dye = رنگ موی موقتی

remission = a temporary diminution of the severity of disease or pain = تضعیف موقتی شدت بیماری

تونیک = Tonic
Tonic = تونیک
tonicity = قابلیت کشش، قوام پوست
hair tonics = تونیک های مو، تقویت کننده مو
Skin tonics = تونیک ها و محصولات تقویت پوست 
Tonic (Tonique) = تونیک

موضعی = Topical
topical = موضعی

ARCTIUM LAPPA ROOT EXTRACT — Burdock. Antiseptic and antibacterial used topically to calm certain skin conditions. Its oil extract smoothes and revitalizes the hair and tones and soothes the scalp. An excellent ingredient in conditioners, anti-frizz hair care products and styling aids for coarse, curly, hard-to-handle hair. (INCI dictionary)
CALCIUM ASCORBATE — Ester-C® Topical. A patented form of natural vitamin C, both oil- and water-soluble, clinically shown to retain its potency longer than other forms.While ordinary vitamin C degrades quickly in skin care products, Ester-C® Topical is stable and delivers the full benefit of this powerful antioxidant, penetrating into deep layers of the skin to promote collagen production. (Ester-C® is a registered trademark of Inter-Cal Corporation.) (INCI dictionary)
CHRYSANTHEMUM PARTHENIUM — Feverfew. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory. Topically applied, a tincture of feverfew relieves pain and swelling of insect bites, rashes and other skin irritations. (INCI dictionary)
ERYTHRAEA CENTAURIUM — Centaury, Century Herb. Used in cosmetics for its soothing and astringent properties. Applied topically, it helps even out skin tones and fade freckles and other skin discolorations. Also used as a natural color. (INCI dictionary) 
گياه كوهستاني سنتاريوم: در محصولات آرايشي-بهداشتي براي ويژگي التيام بخشي و قابض آن استفاده مي شود. وقتي به صورت موضعي روي پوست ماليده مي شود، پوست را يكنواخت نموده، قوام مي بخشد، لكه ها را محو مي كند و تيرگي پوست را كاهش مي دهد. همچنين به عنوان رنگ طبيعي استفاده مي شود.
HYDROLYZED ELASTIN — A naturally derived, water-soluble protein of bovine origin. Elastin is one of the three main proteins found in the skin, along with collagen and reticulin. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from soy via the enzymatic hydrolysis process. Applied topically, it is an excellent hydrator that improves the texture and resiliency of the skin. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. In hair care preparations it is an excellent conditioner and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED VEGETABLE PROTEIN — Termed the building block of life, protein is our most import tant food, a leading source of vitamins and essential amino acids. Generally found in meats, eggs and dairy y products, protein can also be obtained from soy, wheat and other plant sources. Applied topically, vegetable protein is an excellent hydrator, readily absorbed by the skin for improved tex- ture. In hair care formulas, it combines with fatty acids and amino acids to coat porous or damaged hair and split ends. (See also Hy- drolyzed oat protein, Hydrolyzed soy protein, Hydrolyzed wheat protein.) (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED WHEAT PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from wheat. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture and is clinically proven to minimize fine lines and wrinkles. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. (See also Hydrolyzed vegetable protein.) (INCI dictionary)
HYPERICUM PERFORATUM — St. John’s Wort. Although this calming herb is best known as a natural antidepressant, its oil form is an excellent emollient and skin softener, widely used in sun and skin care products for its healing proper ties on dry, irritated skin. Also beneficial to damaged hair and dry scalp. Not phototoxic when used topically. (INCI dictionary)
IODIDES — Compounds containing iodine, naturally occurring in plants that grow in the sea. Applied topically, they are excellent antiseptics. (INCI dictionary)
LINUM USITATISSIMUM SEED OIL — Flaxseed Oil. Emollient and anti-inflammatory, high in essential fatty acids, B vitamins, protein and minerals.Very nourishing to dry hair and skin, whether tak- en internally or applied topically. (INCI dictionary)
MAGNESIUM — A mineral essential for nutrition and absorption of calcium and vitamin C. Applied topically, it helps regulate oil production in the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
MYROXYLON BALSAMUM — Balsam. Antiseptic and antibacterial widely used in topical preparations for its healing proper ties, and in hair tonics and antidandruff products. Sometimes also used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
RETINYL PALMITATE — Vitamin A. Antioxidant vitamin widely used (both internally and topically) in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions. Its topical application promotes the formation of new skin cells and helps regulate oil secretion in the sebaceous glands. Par ticularly beneficial for dry or sun-exposed skin, it is often found in sun protection creams for its antioxidant proper ties and its soothing and hydrating effect on the skin. (A deficiency of vitamin A in the body reduces the mucopolysaccharides in the skin, which accelerates the skin’s aging process.) Also used as a natural preser- vative in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary)
SALICYLIC ACID — The active ingredient in aspirin, a natural an- ti-inflammatory and exfoliant used in the treatment of acne and preparations for oily skin. Applied topically, it penetrates the fol- licle and encourages the shedding of dead skin cells from within, breaking up oil deposits and debris that can cause blocked pores and blemishes. Natural sources of salicylic acid include willow bark extract (Salix nigra) and wintergreen oil (Gaultheria procumbens). (INCI dictionary)
SOLUBLE COLLAGEN — Dermal protein that makes up 70 percent of the body’s connective tissue. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture to smooth and soften the skin, increase elasticity and diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. (INCI dictionary)
TOPICAL ESTER-C® — See Calcium ascorbate. (INCI dictionary)
Ester-C® Topical – Calcium ascorbate (INCI dictionary)
Tonka Bean – Dipter yx odorata Topical Ester-C® – Calcium ascorbate Turmeric – Curcuma longa (INCI dictionary)
GOGI FRUIT EXTRACT: Gogi Fruit Extract ranks among the most powerful in the natural antioxidant grading system developed by the national Institute on Aging in the National Institutes of Health. Absorbs oxygen-related free radicals before they damage skin cells when used topically. (cellularskinrx.com)
NONI FRUIT EXTRACT: Noni Fruit Extract ranks among the most powerful in the natural antioxidant grading system developed by the national Institute on Aging in the National Institutes of Health. Absorbs oxygen-related free radicals before they damage skin cells when used topically. (cellularskinrx.com)
Topical retinoid = رتینوئید موضعی

Topical antimicrobial = آنتی میکروبیال موضعی

topical steroid cream = کرم موضعی استروئیدی

low-viscosity topical preparation = محصول موضعی با ویسکوزیته پایین

prescription oral and topical retinoids = رتینوئیدهای موضعی یا خوراکی دارویی

کتیرا = Tragacanth
Tragacanth = کتیرا، نوعی ماده صمغی که از گیاهان به دست می آید

ACACIA SENEGAL GUM — Gum Arabic. Herbal gum used as a thickener and emulsifier in creams and lotions, and as a hair set in styling gels and sprays. Often combined with gum tragacanth. (INCI dictionary) 
صمغ آكاسياسنگال يا صمغ عربي: صمغ گياهي كه به عنوان قوام دهنده و امولسيون كننده در كرم ها و لوسيون ها و محصولات مو مثل ژل ها و اسپري ها مو استفاده مي شود. غالباً با صمغ كتيرا استفاده مي شود.
ASTRAGALUS GUMMIFER — Gum Tragacanth. A thickener and binding agent in creams and lotions, this herbal gum is also a key ingredient in natural setting lotions, hairsprays and gels. Both gum arabic and gum tragacanth are natural alternatives to synthetic polymers (such as PVP) found in most commercial hair products. (INCI dictionary)
Gum Tragacanth – Astragalus gummifer He Shou Wu – Polygonum multiflorum Hematite – Iron oxides (INCI dictionary)
Gum tragacanth = صمغ كتيرا

ACACIA SENEGAL GUM — Gum Arabic. Herbal gum used as a thickener and emulsifier in creams and lotions, and as a hair set in styling gels and sprays. Often combined with gum tragacanth. (INCI dictionary) 
صمغ آكاسياسنگال يا صمغ عربي: صمغ گياهي كه به عنوان قوام دهنده و امولسيون كننده در كرم ها و لوسيون ها و محصولات مو مثل ژل ها و اسپري ها مو استفاده مي شود. غالباً با صمغ كتيرا استفاده مي شود.
ASTRAGALUS GUMMIFER — Gum Tragacanth. A thickener and binding agent in creams and lotions, this herbal gum is also a key ingredient in natural setting lotions, hairsprays and gels. Both gum arabic and gum tragacanth are natural alternatives to synthetic polymers (such as PVP) found in most commercial hair products. (INCI dictionary)
Gum Tragacanth – Astragalus gummifer He Shou Wu – Polygonum multiflorum Hematite – Iron oxides (INCI dictionary)

تلاطم = Turbulence
turbulence = تلاطم

موچین = Tweezers
tweezers = موچین

ادرار = Urine
urine = ادرار
purine = پورین یكی از چهار باز نوكلئوتیدی نوكلوئیك اسیدها

خس خس = Vetiver
Vetiver = وتیور، خس خس

VANILLA PLANIFOLIA — Vanilla Oil. Used as a natural fragrance. VETIVERIA ZIZANIOIDES — Vetiver. Soothing essential oil used in cosmetics for its smoky, ear thy scent. Due to its sedative proper- ties, in India it is known as oil of tranquility. (INCI dictionary)
Vetiver – Vetiveria zizanioides (INCI dictionary)
Vetiver: An essential oil steam-distilled from the roots of a tall grass native to India—though Haiti is now its largest producer. It has an earthy, peppery, lemony, dusty scent that has been used extensively in perfumery. Guerlain Vetiver and Hové Parfumerie Vetivert are two great examples of this important perfume note. (intothegloss.com)
WOODY: An odor which is linked to the aroma of freshly cut, dry wood or fibrous root such as sandalwood or vetiver. (fragrance.org)

ضد آب = Water-Proof
waterproof,water-proof = ضدآب

سفیدی = Whiteness
whiteness = سفیدی

آویشن = Wild Thyme
Wild thyme, Thymus serpyllum = آویشن، هزوه

عصاره = Extract
extract = عصاره، در نقش فعل به معنای استخراج کردن عصاره

SEQUESTRANTS — Chelating agents that act by binding to and removing metal ions (such as calcium, magnesium and iron) and nonmetal ions (such as chlorine and salt) from hard water, causing hair to be cleansed and rinsed more thoroughly. Sequestrants also help minimize discoloration of natural and color-treated hair that might normally be altered by pool and salt water or excessive perspiration. Examples: rice extract, citric acid, kelp extract, alginate. (INCI dictionary) 
سيكوئسترانت ها: مواد شلات كننده كه با مکانیزم اتصال، يون هاي فلزي مثل كلسيم، منيزيم و آهن و همچنين يون هاي غيرفلزي مثل نمك و كلر را از آب سخت حذف مي كند. موجب تميز شدن موها و آبكشي كامل تر مو مي شود. سيكوئسترانت ها تغيير رنگ موي رنگ شده و موي طبيعي را كاهش مي دهند. اين تغيير رنگ مي تواند در اثر نمك آب يا كلر استخر به وجود بيايد. مثال ها: عصاره برنج، سيتريك اسيد، عصاره كِلپ (نوعي جلبك دريايي قهوه اي)، آلژينات (نمك آلژينيك اسيد)
TONICS — Herbal extracts that soothe, clarify, stimulate or otherwise improve the condition of the skin, hair and scalp. These are typically extracted in vegetable glycerin, water or natural grain alcohol, or added as essential oils. Examples: horsetail, nettle, ginseng, chamomile. (INCI dictionary) 
تونيك ها: عصاره هاي گياهي كه تسكين دهنده، شفاف كننده، تحريك كننده و بهبوددهنده وضعيت پوست، مو و پوست سر مي باشد. تونيك ها معمولاً در گليسيرين گياهي، آب يا الكل هاي حاصل از دانه هاي طبيعي استخراج مي شوند يا به عنوان اسانس هاي روغني اضافه مي شود. مثال ها: دم اسبي، گزنه، جينسنگ، بابونه.
ABIES SIBIRICA — Fir Oil, Siberian Pine Needle Oil. Aromatic extract with antimicrobial and tonic proper ties. An excellent addition to facial cleansers and natural deodorants. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary) 
شاه درخت سيبريايي يا آبیس سيبريكا يك گياه هميشه سبز از خانواده مخروطيان: روغن شاه درخت سيبريايي، روغن كاج سوزني سيبريايي. عصاره آروماتيك با خواص ضدميكروبي و تونيك. براي اضافه كردن به پاك كننده هاي صورت و دئودورانت هاي طبيعي. غالباً به عنوان عطر و اسانس استفاده مي شود.
ACHILLEA MILLEFOLIUM — Yarrow. Extract from the flower heads of this ancient herbal, a known anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant. Adds sheen to the hair and has a firming action on the skin. (INCI dictionary) 
بومادران: عصاره گل بومادران يك داروي گياهي است كه داراي خاصيت ضدالتهابي و ضدتحريك مي باشد. به مو درخشش بخشيده و پوست را محكم مي كند.
ALGAE EXTRACT — A blend of different varieties of red algae, this powerful nutrient is rich in amino acids, antioxidant vitamin C and vitamin B-12. (INCI dictionary) 
عصاره جلبك: آميزه اي از انواع مختلف جلبك هاي قرمز، غني از اسيدهاي آمينه، آنتي اكسيدان، ويتامين C و ويتامين ب 12.
ARCTIUM LAPPA ROOT EXTRACT — Burdock. Antiseptic and antibacterial used topically to calm certain skin conditions. Its oil extract smoothes and revitalizes the hair and tones and soothes the scalp. An excellent ingredient in conditioners, anti-frizz hair care products and styling aids for coarse, curly, hard-to-handle hair. (INCI dictionary)
ARNICA MONTANA — Arnica Oil. Herbal extract used in hair tonics and massage preparations for its nourishing and anti-inflammatory proper ties. Combined with vitamin E, it is an excellent natural deodorant. (INCI dictionary)
AUBREY’S PRESERVATIVE — Natural preservative blend composed of grapefruit extract and antioxidant-rich vitamins A, C and E. This preservative extends the life of products by no less than one year and sometimes as much as three years, depending on the product. (INCI dictionary)
AVENA SATIVA STRAW EXTRACT — Oat Straw. Anti-irritant and softening agent, rich in silica. Used in hair products to improve hair texture and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
BETA VULGARIS — Beet Root Extract. Rich in polysaccharides, this powerful humectant is clinically proven to boost the skin’s natural moisturizing factor, forming a film on the skin that actually locks moisture in for up to 8 hours. Phytonutrients enhance cell renewal and a high antioxidant content protects skin from free radical damage. The extract or juice of beets is also sometimes used as a natural red color in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary) 
عصاره ريشه چغندر: غني از پلي ساكاريدها: ماده هيومكتانت يا جاذب الرطوبه قدرتمند كه به صورت كلينيكي اثبات شده كه مي تواند فاكتورهاي مرطوب كننده پوست را تقويت كند. لايه اي روي پوست تشكيل مي دهد كه رطوبت را براي 8 ساعت روي پوست نگه مي دارد. مواد مغذي موجود در چغندر نوسازي سلولي را افزايش داده و محتواي بالاي آنتي اكسيدان آن از پوست در برابر آسيب هاي ناشي از راديكال هاي آزاد محافظت مي كند. عصاره يا شيره چغندر گاهي به عنوان رنگ قرمز طبيعي در محصولات کازمتیک استفاده مي شود.
BETA-CAROTENE — Orange or red compounds, precursors to vitamin A, which occur naturally in plants. Essential for skin health. (See also Daucus carota sativa root extract.) (INCI dictionary)
BETULA ALBA — White Birch Extract. Powdered extract from the bark of the birch tree, known for its soothing and purifying effect on the skin. Herbalists use it in the treatment of many skin dis- orders. An excellent addition to sun care products and face creams. (INCI dictionary)
BIXA ORELLANA — Annatto, Bixane Herb. The waxy extract from a South American shrub, used as a natural color. Annatto is reddish-brown in color, but when mixed with an acid becomes a deep red. (INCI dictionary)
BORAGO OFFICINALIS SEED OIL — Borage Oil. Nutrient- dense oil high in rare gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), also found in human breast milk. An anti-inflammatory and soothing agent, very beneficial for some dry skin conditions. Combined with Rosa Mosqueta® (Rosa rubiginosa) oil and alfalfa extract (Medicago sativa), borage oil is an excellent ingredient for dry or mature skin preparations. (INCI dictionary)
CAMELLIA SINENSIS OIL , CAMELLIA JAPONICA OIL — White Camellia Oil. Rich oil extracted from the white camellia flower, cul- tivated in the villages of China and Japan and used in hair and skin care formulations for thousands of years. A superb moisturizer and nutrient for hair and skin, it has antioxidant proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
CAMELLIA SINENSIS LEAF EXTRACT, LEAF POWDER Green Tea. The benefits of green tea to the skin have been widely documented. This powerful antioxidant (20 times stronger than vi- tamin E) inhibits the formation of cancer-causing free radicals and helps prevent skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pol- lution. An impor tant ingredient in sun care products, as well as in creams, lotions, shampoos and conditioners. An anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant, it is high in xanthines, very soothing and moisturiz- ing to both hair and skin. Powdered Matcha green tea from Japan is the finest. (INCI dictionary)
CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS FRUIT EXTRACT — Cayenne Pepper Extract. Its active ingredient, capsaicin (the chemical responsible for making peppers hot) is a powerful analgesic that works by blocking the activity of substance P, responsible for the transmission of pain impulses in the body. An excellent anti-inflammatory and warming agent, used in massage lotions and liniments to soothe tight, overworked muscles and tension. (INCI dictionary)
CITRIC ACID — Extract from citrus fruits used as a natural pH adjuster in cosmetics.Added to shampoos, it acts as a chelating agent, binding to chlorine and iron (from hard water) and removing them from the hair. (INCI dictionary) 
سيتريك اسيد: عصاره به دست آمده از ميوه هاي مركبات كه براي تنظيم pH به محصولات كازمتيك اضافه مي شود. از سيتريك اسيد در شامپو به عنوان شلات كننده براي اتصال كلر و آهن و خارج كردن آن از آب سخت استفاده مي شود. به اين ترتيب اين مواد روي موها رسوب نمي كند.
CITRULLUS LANATUS — Watermelon Extract. Used in skin care for its moisturizing effect and as a defense against UV damage to the skin’s DNA. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS AURANTIFOLIA — Lime Oil. Essential oil extracted from the peel of the fruit. A natural antiseptic and tonic, often used as a scent. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS GRANDIS — Grapefruit Oil. An essential oil extracted from the peel of the fruit. Used in creams and lotions for its astrin- gent and skin-freshening proper ties. Sometimes used as a fragrance. CITRUS GRANDIS EXTRACT — Grapefruit Extract. Shown tohave antifungal, antimicrobial and antiviral proper ties. Combined with antioxidant vitamins, it makes an effective plant-based preservative. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS PARADISI — Grapefruit Oil. An essential oil extracted from the peel of the fruit. Used in creams and lotions for its astringent and skin-freshening proper ies. Sometimes used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن گريپ فورت يا روغن سيتروس پاراديسي: اسانس روغني استخراج شده از پوست ميوه گريپ فورت در كرمها و لوسيون ها به علت خاصيت قابض و طراوت دهنده پوست استفاده مي شود. گاهي به عنوان ماده معطر در عطرسازي استفاده مي شود.
CLEMATIS VITALBA LEAF EXTRACT — Clematis. Applied topi- cally, this herb has anti-inflammatory proper ties and a soothing effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
CORTHELLUS SHIITAKE — Shiitake Mushroom Extract. Anti- inflammator y and anti-irritant. Calms and hydrates skin and helps promote skin cell health. Contains kojic acid, which can have a brightening effect on age spots and other imperfections. (INCI dictionary)
CUCUMIS SATIVUS FRUIT EXTRACT — Cucumber. Used in face creams, lotions and cleansers for its astringent, soothing and cooling proper ties. Rich in antioxidant vitamin C, an excellent pro- tector and skin nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
CYAMOPSIS TETRAGONOLOBA — Guar Gum. Extract from the guar bean, used as a thickener and emulsifier in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
DAUCUS CAROTA SATIVA ROOT EXTRACT — Carrot Oil. The seeds of carrots yield an essential oil rich in beta carotene, orange or red compounds that are precursors to vitamin A and occur naturally in plants. Also high in vitamin E, carrot oil promotes skin cell regeneration and stimulates the production of sebum in dry scalp and skin. Its high antioxidant content makes it an excellent natural preservative in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
ECHINACEA ANGUSTIFOLIA, ECHINACEA PURPUREA — Echinacea, Coneflower. Two varieties of this versatile herb are used both internally and externally in folk medicine as natural antibiotics to treat a variety of ills. A number of studies have pointed to its antibacterial and antifungal proper ties. Its root extract is used in cell therapy and anti-wrinkle creams as a hydrator and firming agent. (INCI dictionary)
EGG OIL — The extract from whole eggs, rich in natural emulsifiers. An excellent emollient and humectant featured in shampoos, rinses and conditioners for dry or damaged hair. In skin care products, it improves texture and soothes and hydrates without clogging pores. (INCI dictionary)
ESSENTIAL OILS — Volatile liquids extracted from plant materials by steam distillation or expression, which contain the characteristic plant aroma. Unlike fixed plant oils (such as olive oil), essential oils evaporate at room temperature and do not leave an oily residue on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
EVERNIA PRUNASTRI — Oakmoss. The extract from a lichen that grows on oak trees, used as a fixative in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
FATTY ACID ESTERS — Waxes derived from plants or animals, which are less greasy than fatty acid extracts. Jojoba (Simondsia chinensis) and lanolin are examples of fatty acid esters. Used in absorption bases, and as emulsifiers in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary) 
استر اسيدهاي چرب: واكس هايي كه از گياهان و حيوانات استخراج شده اند. از اسيدهاي چرب خاصيت چسبندگي كمتري دارد. جوجوبا و لانولين مثال هايي از استرهاي اسيد چرب هستند. از اين تركيبات به عنوان امولسيون ساز در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي استفاده مي شود.
FIR OIL — Abies sibirica. Aromatic extract with antimicrobial and tonic proper ties. An excellent addition to facial cleansers and natural deodorants. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
FUCUS VESICULOSUS EXTRACT — Bladderwrack. Seaweed rich in alginic acid, amino acids, polysaccharides, minerals and vitamins. Its essential oil is a stimulant and tonic. It is often used in massage lotions and some hair and scalp care products. (INCI dictionary)
GALACTOARABINAN — A polysaccharide extracted from the larch tree. In sun care products, it improves the SPF of sunscreens by reducing par ticle size of ingredients, increasing their ability to disperse onto the skin. Has antioxidant proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
GINKGO BILOBA — Ginkgo Leaf Extract. Ancient Chinese herbal used in preparations to combat the effects of aging since 2,800 B.C. An anti-inflammatory and antiallergenic, very soothing to the skin and scalp. Combined with fumitor y in hair care prod- ucts, it increases the hair’s ability to absorb nutrients and improves scalp circulation. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERIN — Vegetable Glycerin. Rich humectant, emollient and lubricant naturally extracted from vegetable oils, used in cosmetic formulations for thousands of years. (Synthetic glycerin, otherwise known as propylene glycol, is highly irritating to the skin and scalp and should be avoided.) (INCI dictionary)
HELIANTHUS ANNUUS — Sunflower Oil. The extract from sunflower seeds, a rich emollient high in linoleic and oleic essential fatty acids. A good base for massage oils and lotions. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED RHODOPHYCEA — Red Algae Extract. See Algae extract. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED SWEET ALMOND PROTEIN — Protein naturally extracted from almonds, an excellent hair conditioner and nutrient. See also Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein. (INCI dictionary)
JUGLANS REGIA EXTRACT — Walnut Extract. Tonic and astringent, very beneficial to the skin and scalp. Also used as a temporary brown hair color, often in combination with henna. (INCI dictionary)
LAWSONIA INERMIS ALBA — Henna Extract. A staple in sham- poos and hair rinses for thousands of years for its coloring and/or con- ditioning properties. In its most common form, it is used to impar t red or reddish-brown tones to the hair. Non-coloring (neutral) henna adds body and highlights without altering hair color. (INCI dictionary)
LECITHIN — A vegetable extract high in natural fatty acids. Most common sources are soybean oil and eggs. (See also Phospholipids.) (INCI dictionary)
LINUM USITATISSIMUM EXTRACT — Flaxseed Lignans. Phytonutrients found in flaxseeds, known for their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and oil-balancing proper ties on the skin. Clini- cal tests show that, applied twice daily, flax lignans decrease sebum production by as much as 20% after 28 days. Used in skin care for- mulations to prevent acne and clogged pores and reduce ingrown hairs and skin bumps caused by shaving. (INCI dictionary)
MAGNOLIA BIONDII — Magnolia Blossom Extract. Natural ton- ic and anti-irritant added to face creams for its slight bleaching effect on the skin. Sometimes used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT CELL CULTURE EXTRACT — Apple Stem Cells. Harvested from a variety of Swiss apples, Uttwil- er Spatlauber, known for their longevity and ability to stay fresh for months, apple stem cells are used in skin care formulations for their anti-aging proper ties. Recent science has also discovered their pow- erful beneficial effect on the hair. Rich in phytonutrients and plant proteins, they nourish and suppor t hair follicles to encourage growth and help maintain hair health. (INCI dictionary)
MEDICAGO SATIVA — Alfalfa Extract. Natural cleanser and mild exfoliant high in vitamins A, B, C, D and E, and minerals. Used in face masks, bath oils, creams, and lotions, alfalfa is also rich in protein, which makes it an excellent ingredient for hair care products. Contains saponins (natural foaming agents). (INCI dictionary)
MELISSA OFFICINALIS — Balm Mint. Very mild extract, ideal for sensitive skin and skin prone to rashes and other allergic reactions. An anti-irritant and sedative, it soothes and calms the skin and scalp and promotes healing. (INCI dictionary)
MORUS ALBA — Morus Root. Extract of mulberry root bark, with anti-inflammator y and humectant proper ties. The Chinese use it for its whitening and smoothing effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
MYRTUS COMMUNIS — Myrtle Herb Extract. Aromatic stimulant and mild tonic sometimes used in suncare products for its soothing effect on sun-irritated skin. (INCI dictionary)
NATURAL FLOWER OIL — Oil extracted from flowers and used in synthetic-free perfumes and colognes. A natural fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
OLEA EUROPAEA LEAF EXTRACT — Olive Leaf Extract. Used for its antibacterial proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
ORYZA SATIVA EXTRACT — Rice Extract. Natur al che- lating agent added to shampoos to improve r inseability by binding to iron (from hard water) and chlor ine and remov- ing them from the hair. Also used as an emulsifier and hu- mectant. (INCI dictionary)
PANAX GINSENG ROOT EXTRACT — Ginseng Root. One of the most prized herbs in China. A stimulant and tonic used in facial masks, lotions and overnight creams, it is also an effective ingredient in hair care products for its conditioning properties. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
PARIETARIA OFFICINALIS — Pellitory-of-the-Wall. Herbal extract known for its emollient and astringent effects. It is sometimes combined with the mallows elder and arnica in natural moisturizers. (INCI dictionary)
PINUS STROBUS BARK EXTRACT — White Pine Bark. Native Americans used this soothing extract in preparations for dry scalp and skin conditions long before coal tar and other petrochemicals were ever used. (INCI dictionary)
PINUS SYLVESTRIS EXTRACT — Pine Needle Extract. The ex- tract of pine-tree leaves, often blended with witch hazel, red vine and other herbals for its tonic, antiseptic and stimulating effect on the skin. Combined with hops, rosemar y and horsetail, it makes an excellent addition to celltherapy moisturizers. (INCI dictionary)
POLYPODIUM LEUCOTOMOS — Calaguala Fern Extract. Used by Mayan Indians in skin and scalp preparations as far back as 350 B.C., this soothing herbal smoothes and conditions the skin and helps clear and tone the scalp and remove buildup. A superb addition to preparations for dry skin and scalp conditions. (INCI dictionary)
POPULUS TREMULOIDES — Aspen Bark Extract. A natural an- timicrobial, high in salicylates, which act as the plant’s natural defense mechanism. Has a smoothing effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
PUNICA GRANATUM — Pomegranate Extract. A potent antioxidant and nutrient. Helps suppor ts skin cell regeneration. (INCI dictionary)
PYRUS MALUS — Apple Oil. Extracted from the peel of apples and combined with the juice from the pulp. Contains malic acid, an antioxidant and natural pH adjuster. Has a pleasant fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
QUERCUS ALBA — White Oak Bark Extract. Natural astringent. Its anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant proper ties make it beneficial for some skin and scalp conditions. (INCI dictionary)
RAPHANUS SATIVUS — Radish Extract. Antibacterial and astrin- gent. Sometimes used as a natural color. (INCI dictionary)
RIBES NIGRUM — Black Currant Extract. A source of natural fruit acids used in face masks and lotions to encourage a faster turnover of skin cells. (See also Fruit Acids.) (INCI dictionary)
RUBUS IDAEUS — Raspberry Fruit Extract. Antioxidant and astringent. Protects and tones the skin. (INCI dictionary)
SACCHARUM OFFICINARUM — Sugar Cane Extract. A main source of glycolic acid, its mild exfoliating action helps remove dead skin cells and encourage new cell growth. An excellent addition to anti-aging products. (See also Fruit Acids.) Sometimes used as a natural scent. (INCI dictionary)
SALICYLIC ACID — The active ingredient in aspirin, a natural an- ti-inflammatory and exfoliant used in the treatment of acne and preparations for oily skin. Applied topically, it penetrates the fol- licle and encourages the shedding of dead skin cells from within, breaking up oil deposits and debris that can cause blocked pores and blemishes. Natural sources of salicylic acid include willow bark extract (Salix nigra) and wintergreen oil (Gaultheria procumbens). (INCI dictionary)
SECALE CEREALE SEED EXTRACT — Rye Seed Extract. The highly purified extract from r ye seeds. An excellent ingredient in face creams and anti-aging formulations, it provides a gradual and long-lasting firming action and visually smoother skin. Has been shown to significantly reduce the depth and appearance of wrin- kles and fine lines by 25% with twice daily use. (INCI dictionary)
SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEED OIL — Jojoba Oil, Jojoba Wax. Waxy oil extracted from the bean, which helps the jojoba des- ert plant retain water during the long summer drought. When used in cosmetic preparations, it not only acts as a humectant, but actually creates a protective film over the skin and hair shaft that helps seal in moisture. The oil is highly stable and very effective on dry skin, dam- aged hair and split ends. (INCI dictionary)
STYRAX BENZOIN EXTRACT — Benzoin Gum, Benzoin Bark. Natural antiseptic and astringent with antioxidant and preser vative proper ties. Promotes healthy skin and scalp. A tincture is used in dentistr y to treat inflammation of gums. (INCI dictionary)
STYRAX BENZOIN RESIN EXTRACT — Benzoin Oil. Antisep- tic, anti-inflammatory and astringent. Used in skin care products, it boosts elasticity and helps calm stressed skin. (INCI dictionary)
THEOBROMA CACAO SEED BUTTER — Cocoa Butter. The solid fat extracted from the seeds of the cacao plant.A rich emollient used in lipsticks, creams, soaps and sun care products for its moistur- izing and soothing proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
TILIA CORDATA — Linden Extract, Lime Tree. The extract from the flowers of the lime tree (also known as linden tree), which contains an essential oil, famesol, similar to aloe and chamomile. An emollient and soothing agent for the skin, also used in eye care for- mulations. (INCI dictionary)
TRITICUM VULGARE — Wheat Germ Oil. Extracted from the embryo of the wheat kernel. An anti-inflammatory and skin nourish- er that also acts as a natural preservative because of its high vitamin E content. (INCI dictionary)
VACCINIUM MYRTILLUS EXTRACT — Bilberry Fruit. Astrin- gent and tonic, the extract of the berries has been shown to in- crease capillar y strength. A source of natural fruit acids, used in facial masks and lotions to promote exfoliation and encourage a more rapid turnover of skin cells. (See also Fruit Acids.) Taken in- ternally, bilberr y is said to improve night vision and help prevent macular degeneration. (INCI dictionary)
VITAMINS A, C AND E — Their combined action, blended with grapefruit extract, makes an excellent natural preservative. (INCI dictionary)
VITIS VINIFERA EXTRACT — Grape Seed Extract. One of the most powerful antioxidants around, high in proanthocyani- dins, a group of bioflavonoids superior to most because they are water-soluble and much more easily assimilated by the body. A hard-working free radical scavenger, it prevents skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pollution. (INCI dictionary)
VITIS VINIFERA VINE EXTRACT — Red Vine. Extract from the leaves of the grape vine, known for its soothing, toning proper ties, and as an “anti-blotchiness” skin treatment. An anti-inflammatory, it helps reduce redness and irritation. High in antioxidant vitamin C, choline and inositol. (INCI dictionary)
Apple Stem Cells – Malus domestica fruit cell culture extract (INCI dictionary)
Beet Root Extract – Beta vulgaris Benzoin – Styrax benzoin Bergamot Mint – Mentha citrata Bergamot Oil – Citrus bergamia Bilberry Fruit – Vaccinium myr tillus (INCI dictionary)
Calaguala Fern Extract – Polypodium leucotomos (INCI dictionary)
Cayenne Pepper Extract – Capsicum frutescens (INCI dictionary)
Chestnut Extract – Castanea sativa (INCI dictionary)
Citrus Extract, Grapefruit Extract – Citrus grandis (INCI dictionary)
Grape Seed – Vitis vinifera Grapefruit Extract – Citrus grandis Grapefruit Oil – Citrus paradisi (INCI dictionary)
Green Tea – Camellia sinensis extract (INCI dictionary)
Mandarin, Red Mandarin – Citrus reticulata Mandarin Peel Extract – Citrus nobilis Mango Butter – Mangifera indica (INCI dictionary)
Myrtle Herb Extract – Myr tus communis (INCI dictionary)
Oat Straw – Avena sativa straw extract (INCI dictionary)
Olive Oil, Kernel Powder, Leaf Extract – Olea europaea (INCI dictionary)
Pine Needle Extract, Oil – Pinus sylvestris (INCI dictionary)
Raspberry Fruit Extract – Rubus idaeus (INCI dictionary)
Red Algae Extract – Algae Extract (INCI dictionary)
Rice Extract, Starch, Wax – Or yza sativa (INCI dictionary)
Rye Seed Extract – Secale cereale Safflower Oil – Car thamus tinctorius Sage Oil – Salvia officinalis Sandalwood Oil – Santalum album Sarsaparilla Root – Smilax utilis Sassafras – Sassafras officinale (INCI dictionary)
Shiitake Mushroom Extract – Cor thellus shiitake Siberian Pine Needle Oil, Fir Oil – Abies sibirica Skullcap – Scutellaria baicalensis (INCI dictionary)
Walnut Extract, Shells – Juglans regia Water, Deionized Water – Aqua Watercress – Nastur tium officinale Watermelon extract – Citrullus lanatus Wheat Germ Oil – Triticum vulgare Wheatgrass – Triticum aestivum (INCI dictionary)
White Birch Extract – Betula alba (INCI dictionary)
White Oak Bark Extract – Quercus alba (INCI dictionary)
ACAI BERRY EXTRACT: Ranks among the most powerful antioxidants in the natural antioxidant grading system developed by the National Institute on Aging in the National Institutes of Health. Especially effective in protecting against damage from UV radiation. Used in CSRx Antioxidant Defense Complex. (cellularskinrx.com)
ALBIZIA JULIBRISSIN BARK EXTRACT: This is a plant often called the Persian silk tree” or “mimosa.” Protects skin cells by producing melatonin. It works by improving respiration, ridding the skin of toxic glycogens, increasing cellular energy and reducing the formation of AGE pigments (cellularskinrx.com)
ASSA FOTETIDA ROOT EXTRACT: This root extract protects skin from UV light-derived free radicals that cause damage to skin cell DNA. These unstable molecules are the root cause of wrinkle formation, inflammation and skin sensitivity. (cellularskinrx.com)
BETA CAROTENE EXTRACT: This is pro-vitamin A in its strongest most active antioxidant form. It protects cell DNA from free radical damage, prolongs cell life and health. (cellularskinrx.com)
CAROB SEED EXTRACT: Phyto-repair molecules restore the balance of natural regenerative skin systems depleted by age. Accelerates the recovery of stressed skin tissue. Reduces redness, inflammation. Skin's resilience, color, and volume are increased. (cellularskinrx.com)
DARUTOSIDE: Also known as Siegesbeckia orientalis, Darutoside is a plant extract that is rich in emollients. By soothing the skin, decreasing inflammation, restoring collagen and promoting collagen production, this extract helps to improve skin elasticity and brightens surface appearance. Darutoside has been shown to stimulate tissue regeneration via collagen fibres which improves skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
FRUIT FERMENT EXTRACT: Fruit enzymes gently dissolve dead skin cells, eating the cells. A naturally gentle exfoliator. (cellularskinrx.com)
GOGI FRUIT EXTRACT: Gogi Fruit Extract ranks among the most powerful in the natural antioxidant grading system developed by the national Institute on Aging in the National Institutes of Health. Absorbs oxygen-related free radicals before they damage skin cells when used topically. (cellularskinrx.com)
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: A powerful antioxidant that protects skin from free radical damage that causes premature aging. The polyphenols in green tea act as free radical scavengers soaking up these unstable molecules before they can damage the collagen layer. Green tea extract has also been shown to soothe, heal and calm irritated skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
HELICHRYSUM ITALICUM EXTRACT: Helichrysum Italicum Extract inhibits the visible effects of cortisol, controlling signs of aging due to stress. Naturally anti-inflammatory, anti-allergenic, and anti-microbial. Starts working immediately upon application. (cellularskinrx.com)
HYDROLYZED RICE BRAN EXTRACT: The extract regulates melanin production and has been used in far eastern cultures for years to help brighten and lighten the complexion. Rice bran extract also contains lipoic acid, an antioxidant and vitamin B5, (niacin) to help improve cellular circulation. (cellularskinrx.com)
LACTOBACILLUS/PUNICA GRANATUM/POMEGRANATE: An enzyme/bacteria derived from the pomegranate. Pomegranate is a powerful antioxidant. Fermented fruit extract derived from this wonderful fruit help to absorb free radicals while dissolving dead skin cells. (cellularskinrx.com)
LEMON EXTRACT: It is a natural alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) that helps to brighten, lighten, and purify the skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
LICORICE ROOT EXTRACT: This extract helps to reduce redness caused by stress, acne and rosacea. (cellularskinrx.com)
MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT STEM CELL EXTRACT: This rare stem cell extracts prolongs epidermal cell life and encourages epidermal stem cells to produce more new cells. Protects existing skin cells from DNA damage caused by oxidative stress and UV light. Next Generation Anti-Aging Component of the most effective skin care products. (cellularskinrx.com)
NONI FRUIT EXTRACT: Noni Fruit Extract ranks among the most powerful in the natural antioxidant grading system developed by the national Institute on Aging in the National Institutes of Health. Absorbs oxygen-related free radicals before they damage skin cells when used topically. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
SEA WHIP: Sea Whip calms and soothes skin prone to irritation. Sea Whip provides the strongest soothing action of all sea plant-derived extracts. Helps to reduce visible redness and other signs of sensitivity. It inhibits 90% of inflammatory enzyme PLA2 which is known to trigger the skin's inflammation response that leads to redness, discomfort, and PIH (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation). Used in Calming BioLipid Repair Creme and Fluid. (cellularskinrx.com)
THERMUS FERMENT EXTRACT: Repairs and protects against heat-activated free radicals that destroy DNA, cell membranes and skin-protecting lipids. Used in CSRx Antioxidant Defense Complex. (cellularskinrx.com)
WHITE TEA EXTRACT: Neutralizes free radicals caused by exposure to smog, cigarette smoke and other forms of air pollution. Helps keep skin comfortable and hydrated regardless of air quality. (cellularskinrx.com)
YUCCA EXTRACT: A natural cleanser that helps remove excess oil and dirt without drying the skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
Fish Liver Oil: Used in vitamins and supplements. In milk fortified with vitamin D. Alternatives: yeast extract ergosterol, exposure of skin to sunshine. (peta.org)
Allantoin: Uric acid from cows, most mammals. Also in many plants (especially comfrey). In cosmetics (especially creams and lotions) and used in treatment of wounds and ulcers. Derivatives: Alcloxa, Aldioxa. Alternatives: extract of comfrey root, synthetics. (peta.org)
Myristic Acid: Organic acid typically derived from nut oils but occasionally of animal origin. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristate. Alternatives: nut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc. (peta.org)
Urea Carbamide: Typically synthetic. When extracted from animals, it is excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. In deodorants, ammoniated dentifrices, mouthwashes, hair colorings, hand creams, lotions, shampoos, etc. Used to “brown” baked goods, such as pretzels. Derivatives: Imidazolidinyl Urea, Uric Acid. Alternatives: synthetics. (peta.org)
Musk (Oil): Dried secretion painfully obtained from musk deer, beaver, muskrat, civet cat, and otter genitals. Wild cats are kept captive in cages in horrible conditions and are whipped around the genitals to produce the scent; beavers are trapped; deer are shot. In perfumes and in food flavorings. Alternatives: labdanum oil (from various rockrose shrubs) and extracts from other plants with a musky scent. (peta.org)
Lanolin Lanolin Acids Wool Fat Wool Wax: A product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcohols. Alternatives: plant and vegetable oils. (peta.org)
Concentration: There are four major concentrations of fragrance you can buy. They reflect not only the longevity of fragrance, but also its ingredients and qualities. From the least concentrated (smaller perfume oil ratio in relation to alcohol) to highest: Eau de Cologne, with around 2–5 % perfume oils; Eau de Toilette, with around 5–20% perfume oils; Eau de Parfum, with around 10–30% perfume oils; and Extrait or Extract, at around 20—40% concentration. (intothegloss.com)
Headspace technology: A method pioneered in the 1970s of capturing scent molecules and reconstructing their smell for perfumes. A bell-jar like apparatus is placed over the scented object and the molecules are extracted and saved. Once they’re analyzed, a synthetic version is created. This is how perfumes that are hard to distill, like gardenia, and notes like dirt, in Demeter’s much-lauded Dirt, are created. (intothegloss.com)
Neroli: The essential oil from steam-distilling the orange flowers from the Seville Orange or Citrus aurantiam. It has a sharper, more citrus scent than orange blossom, which comes from the same flowers. Petit grain is the essential oil extracted from this same plant’s leaves and twigs, producing a woody-herbaceous scent used often in men’s fragrances. L’Artisan’s Seville À L’Aube features orange blossom. Tom Ford’s Neroli Portofino showcases the steam-distilled orange flower essence, and Comme des Garçons Energy C Grapefruit has petit grain. (intothegloss.com)
ABSOLUTE: Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. (fragrance.org)
CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
ENFLEURAGE: In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. (fragrance.org)
EXPRESSION: Raw material is squeezed or compressed and the oils are collected. Of all raw materials, only the fragrant oils from the peels of fruits in the citrus family are extracted in this manner. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTION: Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTS: Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. (fragrance.org)
MACERATION: Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. (fragrance.org)
NEROLI OIL: Neroli essential oil is extracted from the fragrant blossoms of the bitter orange tree and has a beautiful aroma that appeals to men and women alike. In common with rose and jasmine, neroli oil is almost a complete fragrance in itself and forms the heart of one of the worlds most enduring perfumes, ‘Eau de Cologne’. (fragrance.org)
RESINOIDS: Extracts of gums, balsams, resins or roots (orris), which consist in whole or in part of resinous materials. They are generally used as fixatives in perfume compositions. (fragrance.org)
SOLVENTS: Volatile fluids used to extract water insoluble, odorous substances from plant material. The solvent extract of a plant material is called a concrete. (fragrance.org)
Clay Lighteners: Clay lighteners are lightening powders that contain organic pigments and also (they claim) 17 amino acids, silk extracts, olive oil, panthenol and milk, as well as being ammonia free. They are not clay at all and are simply promoted as natural and better for the condition of the hair. They are effective, but can easily be over-processed and can cause serious damage to the hair shaft if adequate care is not taken. (thehairstyler.com)
RootBioTec HO (oil-based version): Ocimum Basilicum Hairy Root Culture Extract (and) Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil (and) Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil (mibellebiochemistry.com/products/rootbiotec-ho)
PHYTELENE COMPLEX from Greentech USA (haircare active ingredient): Butylene Glycol (and) Aqua (and) Lamium Album Flower Extract (and) Pinus Sylvestris Cone Extract (and) Arctium Lappa Root Extract (and) Anthemis Nobilis Flower Extract (and) Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract (and) Hedera Helix (Ivy) Extract ()
Rosemary Leaf Water, Alcohol Denatured, Water, Glycerin, Lemon Peel Oil, Butylene Glycol, Pentylene Glycol, Cupressus Sempervirens Leaf/Nut/Stem Oil, Fragrance, Melaleuca Leucadendron Cajaput Oil, Rosemary Leaf Oil, Sage Oil, Saw Palmetto Fruit Extract, Malus Domestica Fruit Cell Culture Extract, Limonene, Ylang Ylang Flower Oil, Shiitake Extract, Grape Seed Extract, Linalool, Isoeugenol, Geraniol, Eugenol, Farnesol, Benzyl Benzoate, Xanthan Gum, Glycoprotein, Methylsilanol, Geramannuronate, Acetyl Tetrapeptide 2, Dextran, Potassium Sorbate, Sodium Benzoate, Sorbic Acid. (Phytolium serum ingredients)
Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract, Alcohol Denat. (Alcool De Betterave), Viburnum Prunifolium Extract, Hydrolyzed Soy Protein, 3 Aminopropane Sulfonic Acid, Sodium Chondroitin Sulfate, Pvp, Pyridoxine Hcl (Vitamine B6), Ethyl Ester Of Hydrolyzed Silk, Panthenol (Provitamine B5), Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract (Procyanidols De Raisin), Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract (Extrait De Thé), Propylene Glycol, Methylsilanol Acetyltyrosine. (Phytocyan serum ingredients)
Witch hazel is a small tree known for its softening, soothing properties. When formulating their family toiletry range, Yves Rocher Vegetal Biology Laboratories selected an organic witch hazel extract, obtained according to special rules of cultivation and extraction designed to deliver its properties intact. (yvesrocher.ca)
Cinchona Succirubra Bark Extract (Quinquina), Sodium Laureth Sulfate (Dérivé D'huile De Coco), Water / Aqua (Eau Purifiée), Cocamidopropyl Betaine (Dérivé D'huile De Coco), Lauryl Glucoside, Peg-200 Hydrogenated Glyceryl Palmate, Peg-7 Glyceryl Cocoate, Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein Pg-Propyl Silanetriol (Dérivé De Blé), Fragrance / Parfum, Panthenol (Provitamine B5), Propylene Glycol, Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract, Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride, Pyridoxine Hcl, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract (Procyanidols De Raisin), Phenoxyethanol, Parabens (Ethyl, Butyl), Methylchloroisothiazolinone, Methylisothiazolinone, Citric Acid, Tetrasodium Edta, Sodium Chloride. (Phytocyan shampoo ingredients)
Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract, Peg-33 Castor Oil (Dérivé D'huile De Ricin), Sodium Lauroyl Oat Amino Acids, Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Oil (Sauge), Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Peel Oil (Citron), Rosmarinus Officinalis ( Rosemary) Leaf Oil (Romarin), Juniperus Communis Fruit Oil (Baie De Genièvre), Palmitoyl Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein (Dérivé D'acides Aminés De Blé), Vinegar / Acetum, Propylene Glycol, Citral, Limonene, Phenoxyethanol*, Parabens (Butyl, Ethyl)*, Methylisothiazolinone*, Methylchloroisothiazolinone*, Polysorbate 20, Beta-Carotene. (Huile d ales ingredients)
AQUA /WATER/EAU, COCO-GLUCOSIDE, DISODIUM COCOYL GLUTAMATE, GLYCERYL CAPRYLATE, CITRIC ACID, TETRASODIUM GLUTAMATE DIACETATE, CLIMBAZOLE, SODIUM COCOYL GLUTAMATE, PARFUM (FRAGRANCE), SALICYLIC ACID, SODIUM HYDROXIDE, SORBIC ACID, PERSEA GRATISSIMA (AVOCADO) FRUIT EXTRACT (Foam Shampoo for Newborns (mustela.com))
AQUA/WATER/EAU, GLYCERIN, COCAMIDOPROPYL BETAINE, SODIUM MYRETH SULFATE, COCO-GLUCOSIDE, GLYCERYL CAPRYLATE, PEG-150 DISTEARATE, PARFUM (FRAGRANCE), POLYQUATERNIUM-10, PANTHENOL, CITRIC ACID, POTASSIUM SORBATE, BUTYLENE GLYCOL, CHAMOMILLA RECUTITA (MATRICARIA) FLOWER EXTRACT, PERSEA GRATISSIMA (AVOCADO) FRUIT EXTRACT, CARAME (Gentle Shampoo (mustela.com))
Alcohol Denat., Cyclopentasiloxane, Octyldodecanol, Caviar Extract, Tocopheryl Acetate, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil, Mica, Beta-Carotene, Ethylhexyl Methoxycinnamate, Propylene Glycol, Benzophenone-3, Bht, Parfum (Fragrance), Hexyl Cinnamal, D-Limonene, Citronellol, Geraniol, Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone, Butylphenyl Methylpropional, Hydroxyisohexyl-3-Cyclohexene Carboxaldehyde, Linalool, Gold (Ci 77480), Titanium Dioxide (Ci 77891), Iron Oxide (Ci 77491). (Miriam Quevedo Sublime Gold Shampoo)
extraction = استخراج

ABSOLUTE: Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. (fragrance.org)
CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
ENFLEURAGE: In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTION: Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTS: Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. (fragrance.org)
Witch hazel is a small tree known for its softening, soothing properties. When formulating their family toiletry range, Yves Rocher Vegetal Biology Laboratories selected an organic witch hazel extract, obtained according to special rules of cultivation and extraction designed to deliver its properties intact. (yvesrocher.ca)
extractions = تخلیه کومدون های پوستی

ALGAE EXTRACT = عصاره جلبک، سرشار از اسید امینه، ویتامین ث و ویتامین ب-12.

ALGAE EXTRACT — A blend of different varieties of red algae, this powerful nutrient is rich in amino acids, antioxidant vitamin C and vitamin B-12. (INCI dictionary) 
عصاره جلبك: آميزه اي از انواع مختلف جلبك هاي قرمز، غني از اسيدهاي آمينه، آنتي اكسيدان، ويتامين C و ويتامين ب 12.
HYDROLYZED RHODOPHYCEA — Red Algae Extract. See Algae extract. (INCI dictionary)
Red Algae Extract – Algae Extract (INCI dictionary)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
clover extract = عصاره شبدر 

Herbal Extract = عصاره گیاهی

TONICS — Herbal extracts that soothe, clarify, stimulate or otherwise improve the condition of the skin, hair and scalp. These are typically extracted in vegetable glycerin, water or natural grain alcohol, or added as essential oils. Examples: horsetail, nettle, ginseng, chamomile. (INCI dictionary) 
تونيك ها: عصاره هاي گياهي كه تسكين دهنده، شفاف كننده، تحريك كننده و بهبوددهنده وضعيت پوست، مو و پوست سر مي باشد. تونيك ها معمولاً در گليسيرين گياهي، آب يا الكل هاي حاصل از دانه هاي طبيعي استخراج مي شوند يا به عنوان اسانس هاي روغني اضافه مي شود. مثال ها: دم اسبي، گزنه، جينسنگ، بابونه.
ARNICA MONTANA — Arnica Oil. Herbal extract used in hair tonics and massage preparations for its nourishing and anti-inflammatory proper ties. Combined with vitamin E, it is an excellent natural deodorant. (INCI dictionary)
PARIETARIA OFFICINALIS — Pellitory-of-the-Wall. Herbal extract known for its emollient and astringent effects. It is sometimes combined with the mallows elder and arnica in natural moisturizers. (INCI dictionary)
plant extracts = عصاره گیاهان

herbal extracts = عصاره های گیاهی

TONICS — Herbal extracts that soothe, clarify, stimulate or otherwise improve the condition of the skin, hair and scalp. These are typically extracted in vegetable glycerin, water or natural grain alcohol, or added as essential oils. Examples: horsetail, nettle, ginseng, chamomile. (INCI dictionary) 
تونيك ها: عصاره هاي گياهي كه تسكين دهنده، شفاف كننده، تحريك كننده و بهبوددهنده وضعيت پوست، مو و پوست سر مي باشد. تونيك ها معمولاً در گليسيرين گياهي، آب يا الكل هاي حاصل از دانه هاي طبيعي استخراج مي شوند يا به عنوان اسانس هاي روغني اضافه مي شود. مثال ها: دم اسبي، گزنه، جينسنگ، بابونه.
comedone extractor = ابزار تخلیه کومدون

manual extractions = تخلیه با دست

Placental extracts = عصاره های به دست آمده از جفت جنین

solvent extraction = استخراج با حلال

CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
comedone extraction = تخلیه کومدون

perform extractions = انجام دادن تخلیه کومدون پوست

ORYZA SATIVA EXTRACT = عصاره برنج

ORYZA SATIVA EXTRACT — Rice Extract. Natur al che- lating agent added to shampoos to improve r inseability by binding to iron (from hard water) and chlor ine and remov- ing them from the hair. Also used as an emulsifier and hu- mectant. (INCI dictionary)
Criste marine extract = عصاره رازیانه دریایی

JUGLANS REGIA EXTRACT = عصاره گردو

JUGLANS REGIA EXTRACT — Walnut Extract. Tonic and astringent, very beneficial to the skin and scalp. Also used as a temporary brown hair color, often in combination with henna. (INCI dictionary)
STYRAX BENZOIN EXTRACT = صمغ بنزوین, پوست بنزوین

STYRAX BENZOIN EXTRACT — Benzoin Gum, Benzoin Bark. Natural antiseptic and astringent with antioxidant and preser vative proper ties. Promotes healthy skin and scalp. A tincture is used in dentistr y to treat inflammation of gums. (INCI dictionary)
VITIS VINIFERA EXTRACT = عصاره هسته انگور

VITIS VINIFERA EXTRACT — Grape Seed Extract. One of the most powerful antioxidants around, high in proanthocyani- dins, a group of bioflavonoids superior to most because they are water-soluble and much more easily assimilated by the body. A hard-working free radical scavenger, it prevents skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pollution. (INCI dictionary)
PINUS SYLVESTRIS EXTRACT = عصاره سوزن کاج

PINUS SYLVESTRIS EXTRACT — Pine Needle Extract. The ex- tract of pine-tree leaves, often blended with witch hazel, red vine and other herbals for its tonic, antiseptic and stimulating effect on the skin. Combined with hops, rosemar y and horsetail, it makes an excellent addition to celltherapy moisturizers. (INCI dictionary)
carbon dioxide extraction = استخراج با دی اکسید کربن، کربن دی اکسید سوپرکریتیکال یا فوق بحرانی، حالت مایع دی اکسید کربن است که در آن، دما و فشار بیش از نقطه بحرانی می باشد. دی اکسید کربن فوق بحرانی یک حلال صنعتی است که در استخراج مواد شیمیایی نقش دارد و به علت سمیت کم و عدم داشتن اثرات سوء برای محیط زیست محبوبیت دارد.

ARCTIUM LAPPA ROOT EXTRACT = باباآدم

ARCTIUM LAPPA ROOT EXTRACT — Burdock. Antiseptic and antibacterial used topically to calm certain skin conditions. Its oil extract smoothes and revitalizes the hair and tones and soothes the scalp. An excellent ingredient in conditioners, anti-frizz hair care products and styling aids for coarse, curly, hard-to-handle hair. (INCI dictionary)
PHYTELENE COMPLEX from Greentech USA (haircare active ingredient): Butylene Glycol (and) Aqua (and) Lamium Album Flower Extract (and) Pinus Sylvestris Cone Extract (and) Arctium Lappa Root Extract (and) Anthemis Nobilis Flower Extract (and) Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract (and) Hedera Helix (Ivy) Extract ()
OLEA EUROPAEA LEAF EXTRACT = عصاره برگ زیتون

OLEA EUROPAEA LEAF EXTRACT — Olive Leaf Extract. Used for its antibacterial proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
PANAX GINSENG ROOT EXTRACT = ریشه جینسینگ

PANAX GINSENG ROOT EXTRACT — Ginseng Root. One of the most prized herbs in China. A stimulant and tonic used in facial masks, lotions and overnight creams, it is also an effective ingredient in hair care products for its conditioning properties. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
PINUS STROBUS BARK EXTRACT = پوست کاج سفید

PINUS STROBUS BARK EXTRACT — White Pine Bark. Native Americans used this soothing extract in preparations for dry scalp and skin conditions long before coal tar and other petrochemicals were ever used. (INCI dictionary)
LINUM USITATISSIMUM EXTRACT = لیگنان بذر کتان

LINUM USITATISSIMUM EXTRACT — Flaxseed Lignans. Phytonutrients found in flaxseeds, known for their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and oil-balancing proper ties on the skin. Clini- cal tests show that, applied twice daily, flax lignans decrease sebum production by as much as 20% after 28 days. Used in skin care for- mulations to prevent acne and clogged pores and reduce ingrown hairs and skin bumps caused by shaving. (INCI dictionary)
SECALE CEREALE SEED EXTRACT = عصاره دانه چاودار

SECALE CEREALE SEED EXTRACT — Rye Seed Extract. The highly purified extract from r ye seeds. An excellent ingredient in face creams and anti-aging formulations, it provides a gradual and long-lasting firming action and visually smoother skin. Has been shown to significantly reduce the depth and appearance of wrin- kles and fine lines by 25% with twice daily use. (INCI dictionary)
VACCINIUM MYRTILLUS EXTRACT = میوه زغال اخته

VACCINIUM MYRTILLUS EXTRACT — Bilberry Fruit. Astrin- gent and tonic, the extract of the berries has been shown to in- crease capillar y strength. A source of natural fruit acids, used in facial masks and lotions to promote exfoliation and encourage a more rapid turnover of skin cells. (See also Fruit Acids.) Taken in- ternally, bilberr y is said to improve night vision and help prevent macular degeneration. (INCI dictionary)
VITIS VINIFERA VINE EXTRACT = انگور قرمز

VITIS VINIFERA VINE EXTRACT — Red Vine. Extract from the leaves of the grape vine, known for its soothing, toning proper ties, and as an “anti-blotchiness” skin treatment. An anti-inflammatory, it helps reduce redness and irritation. High in antioxidant vitamin C, choline and inositol. (INCI dictionary)
STYRAX BENZOIN RESIN EXTRACT = روغن بنزوین

STYRAX BENZOIN RESIN EXTRACT — Benzoin Oil. Antisep- tic, anti-inflammatory and astringent. Used in skin care products, it boosts elasticity and helps calm stressed skin. (INCI dictionary)
CLEMATIS VITALBA LEAF EXTRACT = کلماتیس

CLEMATIS VITALBA LEAF EXTRACT — Clematis. Applied topi- cally, this herb has anti-inflammatory proper ties and a soothing effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
CUCUMIS SATIVUS FRUIT EXTRACT = خیار

CUCUMIS SATIVUS FRUIT EXTRACT — Cucumber. Used in face creams, lotions and cleansers for its astringent, soothing and cooling proper ties. Rich in antioxidant vitamin C, an excellent pro- tector and skin nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS FRUIT EXTRACT = عصاره فلفل هندی

CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS FRUIT EXTRACT — Cayenne Pepper Extract. Its active ingredient, capsaicin (the chemical responsible for making peppers hot) is a powerful analgesic that works by blocking the activity of substance P, responsible for the transmission of pain impulses in the body. An excellent anti-inflammatory and warming agent, used in massage lotions and liniments to soothe tight, overworked muscles and tension. (INCI dictionary)
DAUCUS CAROTA SATIVA ROOT EXTRACT = روغن هویج

BETA-CAROTENE — Orange or red compounds, precursors to vitamin A, which occur naturally in plants. Essential for skin health. (See also Daucus carota sativa root extract.) (INCI dictionary)
DAUCUS CAROTA SATIVA ROOT EXTRACT — Carrot Oil. The seeds of carrots yield an essential oil rich in beta carotene, orange or red compounds that are precursors to vitamin A and occur naturally in plants. Also high in vitamin E, carrot oil promotes skin cell regeneration and stimulates the production of sebum in dry scalp and skin. Its high antioxidant content makes it an excellent natural preservative in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT CELL CULTURE EXTRACT = سلول های بنیادی سیب

MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT CELL CULTURE EXTRACT — Apple Stem Cells. Harvested from a variety of Swiss apples, Uttwil- er Spatlauber, known for their longevity and ability to stay fresh for months, apple stem cells are used in skin care formulations for their anti-aging proper ties. Recent science has also discovered their pow- erful beneficial effect on the hair. Rich in phytonutrients and plant proteins, they nourish and suppor t hair follicles to encourage growth and help maintain hair health. (INCI dictionary)
Apple Stem Cells – Malus domestica fruit cell culture extract (INCI dictionary)
Rosemary Leaf Water, Alcohol Denatured, Water, Glycerin, Lemon Peel Oil, Butylene Glycol, Pentylene Glycol, Cupressus Sempervirens Leaf/Nut/Stem Oil, Fragrance, Melaleuca Leucadendron Cajaput Oil, Rosemary Leaf Oil, Sage Oil, Saw Palmetto Fruit Extract, Malus Domestica Fruit Cell Culture Extract, Limonene, Ylang Ylang Flower Oil, Shiitake Extract, Grape Seed Extract, Linalool, Isoeugenol, Geraniol, Eugenol, Farnesol, Benzyl Benzoate, Xanthan Gum, Glycoprotein, Methylsilanol, Geramannuronate, Acetyl Tetrapeptide 2, Dextran, Potassium Sorbate, Sodium Benzoate, Sorbic Acid. (Phytolium serum ingredients)
EXTRACTION, Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. = استخراج: استخراج با حلال های فرّار موثرترین و رایج ترین روش به دست آوردن گیاهان است.

EXTRACTS, Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. = عصاره: محصولات حاصل از استخراج با حلالهای فرّار كه تغلیظ شده است.

ABSOLUTE, Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. = ابسولوت به ماده عطری بسیار غلیظ می‌گویند كه با استخراج الكلی كانكریت­ها به دست می‌آید. كانكریت با روش استخراج با حلال از گیاهان به دست می‌آید.

CONCRETE, Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. = كانكریت: ماده مومی شكل جامد كه با روش استخراج با حلال از مواد گیاهی مثل گلها، ساقه و برگ درختان به دست می آید. ابسولوت از استخراج الكلی كانكریت ها به دست می آید.

EXPRESSION, Raw material is squeezed or compressed and the oils are collected. Of all raw materials, only the fragrant oils from the peels of fruits in the citrus family are extracted in this manner. = فشردن یا افشردن یا متراكم سازی: یكی از روشهای بدست آوردن اسانس روغنی گیاهان است كه در آن ماده اولیه چلانده یا متراكم می شود تا روغن آن خارج شود. در میان روغنهای معطر فقط پوست میوه مركبات با این روش اسانسشان استخراج می شود.

MACERATION, Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. = ماسیراسیون: روشی است كه در آن گلها را وارد روغن داغ می كنند سپس پماد به دست آمده را با الكل می شویند.

solvent extraction, Liquid–liquid extraction also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water and an organic solvent. = استخراج با حلال یا استخراج مایع مایع که به آن پارتیشنینگ نیز می گویند، روشی برای جداسازی ترکیبات بر مبنای حلالیت نسبی آن ها به دو فاز مایع غیر قابل امتزاج (معمولا آب و فاز حلال ارگانیک) می باشد

ENFLEURAGE, In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. = انفلوراژ: در این فرایند مواد معطر به داخل یك ماده مومی شكل جذب می شود و سپس روغنهای معطر با اتیل الكل جدا می شود. استخراج با انفلوراژ برای گیاهان ظریف استفاده می شود كه در اثر تقطیر ممكن است ملكولهای مواد معطرشان تخریب شود.

NEROLI OIL, Neroli essential oil is extracted from the fragrant blossoms of the bitter orange tree and has a beautiful aroma that appeals to men and women alike. In common with rose and jasmine, neroli oil is almost a complete fragrance in itself and forms the heart of one of the worlds most enduring perfumes, ‘Eau de Cologne’. = روغن نرولی: روغنی كه از شكوفه معطر پرتقال تلخ به دست می آید.

An extraction is a procedure in which comedones are removed from the follicle by manual manipulation = تخلیه به خارج کردن کومدون از فولیکول با روش دستی گفته می شود

ترکیب = Compound
compound = ترکیب

BENZYL ACETATE — Organic compound found in flowers. Used as a natural fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
BETA-CAROTENE — Orange or red compounds, precursors to vitamin A, which occur naturally in plants. Essential for skin health. (See also Daucus carota sativa root extract.) (INCI dictionary)
DAUCUS CAROTA SATIVA ROOT EXTRACT — Carrot Oil. The seeds of carrots yield an essential oil rich in beta carotene, orange or red compounds that are precursors to vitamin A and occur naturally in plants. Also high in vitamin E, carrot oil promotes skin cell regeneration and stimulates the production of sebum in dry scalp and skin. Its high antioxidant content makes it an excellent natural preservative in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
DEHYDROACETIC ACID — An organic compound used in cos- metic preparations for its antibacterial and antifungal proper ties. A natural preservative. (INCI dictionary)
FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
IODIDES — Compounds containing iodine, naturally occurring in plants that grow in the sea. Applied topically, they are excellent antiseptics. (INCI dictionary)
POTASSIUM SORBATE — The potassium salt of sorbic acid, a natural compound isolated from the oil of the rowan or mountain ash berry. A mild preservative used in foods, herbal supplements and cosmetics for its anti-microbial and anti-fungal proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
SILYBUM MARIANUM — Milk Thistle. Detoxifier used internally in the treatment of liver disorders. Clinical studies have shown its active compound silymarin, a flavonoid with strong antioxidant proper ties, helps protect skin cells from free radical damage caused by sun exposure and pollution. Very soothing to the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
LIPOSHIELD®: Also know as phyto-melanin. Liposhield® is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
PHYTO-MELANIN: Also known as Liposhield®, Phyto-Melanin is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
ALCOHOL: Denatured ethyl alcohol is added to a fragrance compound to serve as the carrier. It modifies the fragrance intensity and makes application to the skin easier. Concentration of alcohol to perfume oils varies from perfumer to perfumer. (fragrance.org)
AMBERGRIS: Lumps of oxidized fatty compounds, whose precursors were secreted and expelled by the Sperm Whale. Ambergris is commonly referred to as “amber” in perfumery. (fragrance.org)
COMPOUND: A compound is a completed perfume formulation ready to be used in a product. The term “composition” and compound are interchangeable. (fragrance.org)
COUMARIN: A chemical compound with a sweet, distinctive vanilla-like odor with grassy elements. Found naturally in some plants, it may also be produced synthetically. It is used by perfumers as a base note to add warmth and depth. (fragrance.org)
DISTILLATION: A common technique for obtaining aromatic compounds from plants, such as orange blossoms and roses. The raw material is heated and the fragrant compounds are recollected through condensation of the distilled vapour. (fragrance.org)
ENFLEURAGE: In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. (fragrance.org)
SPECIALTIES: Natural oils, natural isolates or synthetics, either alone or in combination, which are used as building blocks for fragrance compounds. They are less complex than a finished fragrance compound. They may be an end-product of special processing treatments or unique raw materials. A single company under a trade name usually supplies them. (fragrance.org)
cosmetic compounds = ترکیبات آرایشی

aminovinyl compound = ترکیب آمینووینیلی

nitrogen containing compound = ترکیبات حاوی نیتروژن

volatile organic compounds or VOCs = ترکیبات آلی فرار

biosurfactants, amphiphilic compounds produced on living surfaces = بیوسورفکتانت ها، ترکیبات آمفی فیلی (دو خصلتی) که توسط ارگانیسم های سطحی تولید می شوند

chelating, The combination of a metal ion with a chemical compound to form a ring = شلات کردن، کیلیت کردن، اتصال یون فلزی به یک ماده شیمیایی

hydroxysuccinimide, N-Hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) is an organic compound with the formula C4H5NO3 = ان هیدروکسی سوکسینیمید یا NHS، ترکیب آلی با فرمول حلقوی شامل یک اتم نیتروژن و یک گروه هیدروکسیل

calcified =harden by deposition of or conversion into calcium carbonate or some other insoluble calcium compounds = کلسیفه شده، سخت شده در اثر تبدیل به کلسیم کربنات

proteoglycans, compound consisting of a protein bonded to mucopolysaccharide groups, present especially in connective tissue. = پروتئوگلایکن، ترکیبات پروتئینی که به گروه های موکوپلی ساکاریدی پیوند یافته و در بافت پیوندی بدن وجود دارند

COMPOUND, A compound is a completed perfume formulation ready to be used in a product. The term “composition” and compound are interchangeable. = كامپاند به فرمولاسیون كامل عطر گفته می شودكه برای استفاده در محصول آماده است. كامپازیشن و كامپوند را می توان به جای هم استفاده نمود.

essential oils, an essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants, also known as volatile oils = اسانس های روغنی، ماده هیدروفوب غلیظ شده که حاوی ترکیبات آروماتیک فرار گیاهان می باشد. اسانس های روغنی را روغن های فرار نیز می نامند.

AMBERGRIS, Lumps of oxidized fatty compounds, whose precursors were secreted and expelled by the Sperm Whale. Ambergris is commonly referred to as “amber” in perfumery. = آمبرگریس، توده‌هایی از تركیبات چرب اكسید شده كه پیش­سازهای آن توسط نهنگ عنبر ترشح شده و از بدن او خارج شده است. آمبرگریس را در عطرسازی به اختصار عنبر می‌گویند.

DISTILLATION, A common technique for obtaining aromatic compounds from plants, such as orange blossoms and roses. The raw material is heated and the fragrant compounds are recollected through condensation of the distilled vapour. = تقطیر: تكنیك رایج برای بدست آوردن مواد آروماتیك گیاهان مثل شكوفه پرتقال و رز. ماده اولیه حرارت داده می شود و تركیب عطری جمع آوری می شود با روش میعان مایع تقطیر شده.

COUMARIN, A chemical compound with a sweet, distinctive vanilla-like odor with grassy elements. Found naturally in some plants, it may also be produced synthetically. It is used by perfumers as a base note to add warmth and depth. = كومارین: ماده ای شیمیایی با رایحه شیرین و شبیه وانیل. از كومارین به عنوان نوت پایه در فرمولاسیون عطر اضافه می شود تا به آن گرما و عمق ببخشد.

solvent extraction, Liquid–liquid extraction also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water and an organic solvent. = استخراج با حلال یا استخراج مایع مایع که به آن پارتیشنینگ نیز می گویند، روشی برای جداسازی ترکیبات بر مبنای حلالیت نسبی آن ها به دو فاز مایع غیر قابل امتزاج (معمولا آب و فاز حلال ارگانیک) می باشد

ALCOHOL, Denatured ethyl alcohol is added to a fragrance compound to serve as the carrier. It modifies the fragrance intensity and makes application to the skin easier. Concentration of alcohol to perfume oils varies from perfumer to perfumer. = الكل، اتیل الكل دناتوره به تركیب عطر اضافه می‌شود تا به عنوان حامل استفاده شود. الکل‌ها شدت عطر را اصلاح می‌کنند و استفاده از آن روی پوست را آسان‌تر می‌نمایند. غلظت الكل در عطر و نسبت آن به اسانس از عطّار به عطّار متفاوت است.

ENFLEURAGE, In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. = انفلوراژ: در این فرایند مواد معطر به داخل یك ماده مومی شكل جذب می شود و سپس روغنهای معطر با اتیل الكل جدا می شود. استخراج با انفلوراژ برای گیاهان ظریف استفاده می شود كه در اثر تقطیر ممكن است ملكولهای مواد معطرشان تخریب شود.

رطوبت = Moisture
moisture = رطوبت

EMOLLIENTS — Oils and other ingredients that soften and smooth the skin and reduce dryness, roughness and irritation. In hair care products, they restore lost moisture to hair fiber, contributing to shine and strength. Examples: coconut fatty alcohols, essential fatty acids, shea butter, jojoba oil. (INCI dictionary) 
امولينت ها: روغن ها و تركيباتي كه پوست را نرم و صاف مي كند، خشكي پوست را كاهش مي دهند و زبري و تحريك پوست را كاهش مي دهد. در محصولات مراقبت از مو، امولينت ها رطوبت از دست رفته رشته هاي مو را جبران مي كنند و به مو درخشندگي و استحكام مي بخشند. مثال ها: الكل چرب نارگيل، اسيدهاي چرب ضروري، كره شي آ، روغن جوجوبا
ADANSONIA DIGITATA — Baobab Oil. Rich emollient helps maintain skin elasticity and restore moisture to dehydrated, sun-stressed skin and dry hair. Its high vitamin D content makes it ideal for after sun use. Also rich in antioxidants—particularly vitamin C—and essential fatty acids, very nourishing to the skin. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن بائوباب امولينت قدرتمند كه باعث حفظ كشساني پوست گرديده و رطوبت پوست دِهيدراته را تامين مي كند. رطوبت پوستي كه در اثر مواجهه با تنش هاي آفتاب دِهيدراته شده و موي خشك شده را جبران مي كند. داراي ويتامين دي به مقدار زياد مي باشد كه از اين تركيب محصولي ايده آل براي ساخت كرم هاي اَفترسان ساخته است. همچنين داراي آنتي اكسيدان هاي ديگري به ويژه ويتامين C و اسيدهاي چرب ضروري مي باشد كه بسيار تغذيه كننده پوست هستند.
BETA VULGARIS — Beet Root Extract. Rich in polysaccharides, this powerful humectant is clinically proven to boost the skin’s natural moisturizing factor, forming a film on the skin that actually locks moisture in for up to 8 hours. Phytonutrients enhance cell renewal and a high antioxidant content protects skin from free radical damage. The extract or juice of beets is also sometimes used as a natural red color in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary) 
عصاره ريشه چغندر: غني از پلي ساكاريدها: ماده هيومكتانت يا جاذب الرطوبه قدرتمند كه به صورت كلينيكي اثبات شده كه مي تواند فاكتورهاي مرطوب كننده پوست را تقويت كند. لايه اي روي پوست تشكيل مي دهد كه رطوبت را براي 8 ساعت روي پوست نگه مي دارد. مواد مغذي موجود در چغندر نوسازي سلولي را افزايش داده و محتواي بالاي آنتي اكسيدان آن از پوست در برابر آسيب هاي ناشي از راديكال هاي آزاد محافظت مي كند. عصاره يا شيره چغندر گاهي به عنوان رنگ قرمز طبيعي در محصولات کازمتیک استفاده مي شود.
CAPRYLIC / CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE — Lightweight emollient derived from glycerin and coconut oil that helps suppor t the skin’s moisture barrier. A superb conditioning agent, it adds to the spreadability of creams and lotions and helps promote the delivery of vitamins and other beneficial ingredients onto the skin. (INCI dictionary)
DYCAPRYLYL CARBONATE — Plant-derived fat used as an emollient and skin conditioner. Added to sunscreens, moisturizers and anti-aging formulations, it increases the spreadability of the prod- uct. It is considered a “dry emollient” for its ability to soften skin and replenish its moisture content without leaving a greasy feel. (INCI dictionary)
FRUCTOSE — A sugar found in fruits and honey that soothes, hydrates and encourages moisture retention in the skin. (INCI dictionary)
GLUCOSE — A fruit sugar from corn and grapes that soothes and hydrates the skin, encouraging moisture retention. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED ELASTIN — A naturally derived, water-soluble protein of bovine origin. Elastin is one of the three main proteins found in the skin, along with collagen and reticulin. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED KERATIN — A combination of complex proteins, keratin is the key structural component of the hair, making up about 90% of healthy hair fiber. Used in hair products, it bonds to individual strands and forms a protective coating that helps seal in moisture and nutrients and smoothes the hair cuticle to reduce frizzing and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED WHEAT PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from wheat. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture and is clinically proven to minimize fine lines and wrinkles. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. (See also Hydrolyzed vegetable protein.) (INCI dictionary)
LAMINARIA DIGITATA — Laminaria. Seaweed high in antioxi- dants and iodine helps attract and retain moisture on the skin. An excellent humectant and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
LAMINARIA OCHROLEUCA — Golden Seaweed. Anti-inflam- matory and humectant, rich in plant sterols. Helps attract and retain moisture and protect skin from environmental stressors. (INCI dictionary)
LIPOSOMES — Micro-capsules or sacs made from fatty substances (phospholipids), easily absorbed by the skin. Used in creams and lo- tions, they penetrate deeply to deliver nutrients, moisture and other substances contained within the sac to internal layers of the skin. (See also Phospholipids.) (INCI dictionary)
RETICULIN — One of the three main proteins found in the skin, often used in cellular repair creams for its ability to attract and retain moisture. (INCI dictionary)
SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEED OIL — Jojoba Oil, Jojoba Wax. Waxy oil extracted from the bean, which helps the jojoba des- ert plant retain water during the long summer drought. When used in cosmetic preparations, it not only acts as a humectant, but actually creates a protective film over the skin and hair shaft that helps seal in moisture. The oil is highly stable and very effective on dry skin, dam- aged hair and split ends. (INCI dictionary)
SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEED POWDER — Jojoba Meal. High in protein and natural fibers, this byproduct of the moisture-rich jojo- ba plant contains 17 amino acids. Its mild exfoliating properties help clear away dead skin cells and nourish and deep-cleanse the complex- ion without drying it out. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM COCOYL HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN — A mild, natural soap. (See also Sodium Cocoate and Hydrolyzed Soy Protein.) SODIUM HYALURONATE — A naturally occurring glycosami- noglycan (polysaccharide) derived from beneficial bacteria. Used in skin care preparations to help attract and retain moisture. SODIUM HYDROXIDE — An alkaline salt obtained when elec- trolysis (positive and negative poles) is applied to seawater or salt water. Chlorine collects at the positive pole, and sodium hydroxide collects at the negative pole. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM PCA — Salt of glutamic acid, an amino acid that occurs widely in food. Used in appropriate concentrations, it acts as a hu- mectant to help attract and retain moisture to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
SOLUBLE COLLAGEN — Dermal protein that makes up 70 percent of the body’s connective tissue. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture to smooth and soften the skin, increase elasticity and diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. (INCI dictionary)
SUCROSE — A derivative of cane sugar. Hydrates and encourages moisture retention in the skin. (INCI dictionary)
UBIQUINONE — CoQ10 (Co-Enzyme Q10) Liposomes. High in polyunsaturated fatty acids (especially linoleic acid) and protein, CoQ10 helps suppor t cell structure with antioxidant and protective action, and has been shown to reduce the appearance and depth of wrinkles and increase the skin’s moisture with regular use. (See also Liposomes.) (INCI dictionary)
BETA GLUCANS: Soluble Beta Glucans are extremely effective in increasing moisture retention and calming irritated skin. As Biological Response Modifiers, they also help to activate the immune system of the skin, challenging skin to repair itself at a deep level where sensitivity starts. (cellularskinrx.com)
DERMAXYL: Cell youthening Dermaxyl™, a patented oligopeptide and ceramide blend, inspires older cells to communicate like younger cells. When cells communicate more fully, repair cells can focus on areas of skin damage caused by aging processes. The result is enhanced firmness, better moisture retention, and visible easing of deep wrinkles. Clinical studies testing 24 female subjects aged 42 to 66 with a once daily application of 2% Dermaxyl™ for 56 days showed up to 36% reduction in visible wrinkle volume while wrinkle depth lessened up to 27%. (cellularskinrx.com)
GLYCO-CERAMIDES: Plant-derived lipids that help protect skin from moisture loss. The aging process gradually depletes skin’s moisture. The Glyco-Ceramides help to replace this lost moisture and protect lips from further moisture loss. The result is a plumper, fully hydrated lip. (cellularskinrx.com)
NIACINAMIDE: Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. It stops the skin cells that produce pigment from transferring that pigment to surface skin cells, thereby minimizing unwanted dark spots. It is also an effective moisturizer helping the skin produce more ceramides and fatty acids, which are crucial components of your skin barrier. As that barrier is strengthened, skin is better able to keep moisture in and irritants out. Redness and inflammation are visibly reduced. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer and F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
ROSEMARY: Rosemary contains a phyto-lipid that helps skin to repair its protective barrier. Over time, it can inspire skin to increase its barrier lipid production by up to 450%. The result is increased moisture retention and a softer, smoother, plumper skin. Used in Calming BioLipid Repair Creme and Fluid. (cellularskinrx.com)
SEA BUCKTHORN OIL: Rich in omega 3, 6, 7 and 9, oil from this incredible plant replaces moisture lost due to environmental insults and aging. Skin's natural lipid barrier is restored and protected. Skin's texture is improved. Overall, skin's health is greatly improved. Used in CSRx Facial Cleansing Oil and Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
Hair Color Sticks: Hair color sticks are temporary colors used- when people need a quick fix- to touch up exposed roots, or to create highlights of different colors. The stick is similar to mascara, and color is painted directly onto dry hair with a small brush. It's a somewhat sloppy process and can dry stiff. Watch out too for moisture because the color can run off the hair and onto your clothing. (thehairstyler.com)
Retain moisture = حفظ و نگهداری رطوبت

HYDROLYZED ELASTIN — A naturally derived, water-soluble protein of bovine origin. Elastin is one of the three main proteins found in the skin, along with collagen and reticulin. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED WHEAT PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from wheat. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture and is clinically proven to minimize fine lines and wrinkles. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. (See also Hydrolyzed vegetable protein.) (INCI dictionary)
LAMINARIA DIGITATA — Laminaria. Seaweed high in antioxi- dants and iodine helps attract and retain moisture on the skin. An excellent humectant and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
LAMINARIA OCHROLEUCA — Golden Seaweed. Anti-inflam- matory and humectant, rich in plant sterols. Helps attract and retain moisture and protect skin from environmental stressors. (INCI dictionary)
RETICULIN — One of the three main proteins found in the skin, often used in cellular repair creams for its ability to attract and retain moisture. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM COCOYL HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN — A mild, natural soap. (See also Sodium Cocoate and Hydrolyzed Soy Protein.) SODIUM HYALURONATE — A naturally occurring glycosami- noglycan (polysaccharide) derived from beneficial bacteria. Used in skin care preparations to help attract and retain moisture. SODIUM HYDROXIDE — An alkaline salt obtained when elec- trolysis (positive and negative poles) is applied to seawater or salt water. Chlorine collects at the positive pole, and sodium hydroxide collects at the negative pole. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM PCA — Salt of glutamic acid, an amino acid that occurs widely in food. Used in appropriate concentrations, it acts as a hu- mectant to help attract and retain moisture to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
SOLUBLE COLLAGEN — Dermal protein that makes up 70 percent of the body’s connective tissue. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture to smooth and soften the skin, increase elasticity and diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. (INCI dictionary)
Supply moisture = تامین رطوبت

lack of moisture = فقدان رطوبت

صابون = Soap
soap = صابون
soaps = صابون ها
soaping = صابونی شدن، مثل صابون
Bar soap = صابون قالبی
Soap free = فاقد صابون
soap-free = عاری از صابون
harsh soap = صابون خشن
Cold cream soaps = صابون های حاوی کلدکرم 
antimicrobial soaps = صابون های آنتی میکروبی
Soapwort, Saponaria officinalis = صابونی، پن صابون، ساپوناریا، گیاهی علفی با ارتفاع حداکثر 1 متر
unctuous, having a greasy or soapy feel = نرم و لغزنده
after cleansing with a soap-free cleanser = بعد از پاک کردن با یک پاک کننده بدون صابون
rinsed, washed with clean water to remove soap, makeup, dirt, or impurities = آبکشی با آب، شستن با آب تمیز به منظور زدودن صابون، آرایش و آلودگی ها

اسانس = Essence
quintessence, essence = اسانس، عطرمایه، روغن معطر و فرار، ترکیباتی که بو و طعم خوبی دارند و در محصولات غذایی ، داروئی ، بهداشتی و آرایشی به کار برده می شوند. اسانس Essence از لحاظ لغوی به معنای جوهر ، ماهیت و عنصر وجودی است. اسانس از کلمه فرانسوی Essence به فارسی وارد شده و در انگلیسی هم با این املا و با تلفظ متفاوت استفاده می شود.

water and essence go through a condenser where they cool and separate = آب و اسانس از کندانسور عبور کرده، خنک شده و از یکدیگر جداسازی می شوند

EXTRACTION, Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. = استخراج: استخراج با حلال های فرّار موثرترین و رایج ترین روش به دست آوردن گیاهان است.

ESSENTIAL OIL, The “essence” of plants obtained by distillation of the plant material or its concrete. Plant materials include flowers, grass, stems, seeds, leaves, roots, bark, fruits, tree moss and tree secretions. = اسانس روغنی: اسانس گیاهان كه با روش تقطیر مواد گیاهی یا كانكریت آنها به دست می آید. منظورمان از مواد گیاهی گلها، علفها، ساقه ها، بذرها، برگها، ریشه ها، تنه و میوه درختان است. همچنین خزه درختان و سایر ترشحات درختان همگی از مواد گیاهی محسوب می شوند كه می تواند تقطیر شود.

کلاژن = Collagen
collagen = کلاژن

ALARIA ESCULENTA — Edible seaweed high in essential fatty acids and antioxidants. A rich moisturizer, it stimulates the creation of hyaluronic acid within the skin and helps support collagen and elastin to promote skin elasticity. It has been clinically proven to significantly increase firmness when applied twice daily to the skin for 28 days. (INCI dictionary) 
جلبك دريايي خوردني داراي مقدار زيادي اسيد چرب ضروري و آنتي اكسيدان. مرطوب كننده غني كه ساخت هيالورونيك اسيد را در پوست افزايش مي دهد و كلاژن و الاستين پوست را حمايت مي كند. و به اين ترتيب الاستيسيته يا كشساني پوست افزايش مي يابد.
AMINO ACIDS — Amino acids are “the building blocks” that make up proteins. Because proteins are necessary to every living cell and are involved in every major process in the body, amino acids are essential to health. Of the roughly 28 known amino acids, 80 percent are manufactured by the body. The others, known as essential amino acids, must be obtained from the diet. Amino acids support proteins in the skin (collagen, elastin, etc.) and, used in certain combinations, help regulate oil production in the skin and scalp. Human hair is made up of 18 amino acids, which is why many quality hair care products contain them. (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي آمينه: اجزاي سازنده پروتئين ها هستند. پروتئين ها براي هر سلول زنده ضروري هستند. حدوداً 28 نوع اسيد آمينه شناخته شده است. 80 درصد آنها توسط بدن ساخته مي شود. بقيه آنها كه به آنها اسيدهاي آمينه ضروري مي گويند بايد توسط رژيم غذايي بدن تأمين گردد. آمينواسيدها پروتئين هاي پوست (مثل كلاژن و الاستين) را حمايت مي كند. موي انسان 18 اسيد آمينه دارد، به همين علت در تركيبات محصولات مراقبت از پوست از اسيدهاي آمينه استفاده مي شود.
ARGANIA SPINOSA — Argan Oil. Nutrient-rich oil, high in essential fatty acids and antioxidant vitamin E. Supports the skin’s collagen and improves softness and elasticity. In hair care products, it rehydrates and smoothes the hair cuticle to help reduce frizzing and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
ASCORBIC ACID — Vitamin C. Powerful antioxidant and nutrient, very beneficial to the skin. Plays an essential role in building collagen, the connective tissue that makes up 70 percent of our skin. Vitamin C is also a natural preservative, protecting both the oil and water phases of cosmetics. Ascorbic acid is a water-soluble form of vitamin C. (See also Calcium ascorbate.) (INCI dictionary) 
آسکوربيك اسيد يا ويتامين سي: آ‌نتي اكسيدان و ماده مغذي قدرتمند است كه براي پوست مزاياي زيادي دارد. نقش اساسي در ساخت كلاژن دارد كه 70 درصد بافت هم بند پوست را تشكيل مي دهد. ويتامين سي همچنين يك ماده پرزرواتيو يا نگهدارنده طبيعي است كه فاز آبي و روغني محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي را محافظت مي كند. آسکوربيك اسيد فرم قابل حل در آب ويتامين سي است. (به كلسيم آسكوربات نيز مراجعه شود)
CALCIUM ASCORBATE — Ester-C® Topical. A patented form of natural vitamin C, both oil- and water-soluble, clinically shown to retain its potency longer than other forms.While ordinary vitamin C degrades quickly in skin care products, Ester-C® Topical is stable and delivers the full benefit of this powerful antioxidant, penetrating into deep layers of the skin to promote collagen production. (Ester-C® is a registered trademark of Inter-Cal Corporation.) (INCI dictionary)
CARNOSINE — Naturally occurring combination of the amino acids histidine and alanine, used in skin care products for its pro- tective and skin rejuvenating proper ties. An antioxidant and anti-in- flammatory, it protects collagen and elastin fibers in the skin from oxidative stress, improves elasticity and reduces wrinkles and other signs of aging. (INCI dictionary)
COLLAGEN — See Soluble Collagen. (INCI dictionary)
EQUISETUM HYEMALE, EQUISETUM ARVENSE — Horsetail, Bottlebrush. Nutrient-rich herbal high in silica, essential to collagen production. A vegan alternative to collagen treatments, it firms and refreshes the skin and promotes healing. Often used in conjunction with coltsfoot in hair care products, it strengthens the hair shaft and adds sheen and elasticity. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED ELASTIN — A naturally derived, water-soluble protein of bovine origin. Elastin is one of the three main proteins found in the skin, along with collagen and reticulin. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture. (INCI dictionary)
SOLUBLE COLLAGEN — Dermal protein that makes up 70 percent of the body’s connective tissue. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture to smooth and soften the skin, increase elasticity and diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. (INCI dictionary)
WHEY PROTEIN — A protein derived from milk. Helps suppor t the skin’s collagen. (INCI dictionary)
Collagen – Soluble collagen (INCI dictionary)
ARGININE: An amino acid that binds to the pure glycolic acid molecule. Once bonded, it allows for controlled delivery of glycolic acid into the skin over a prolonged period of time thus reducing irritation that usually accompanies AHA use. Promotes collagen synthesis and increases skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
CHLORELLA VULGARIS: Chlorella Vulgaris is a microalgae that stimulates collagen and elastin production while protecting these skin proteins from early cell death caused by inflammation enzymes elevated during stress. (cellularskinrx.com)
DARUTOSIDE: Also known as Siegesbeckia orientalis, Darutoside is a plant extract that is rich in emollients. By soothing the skin, decreasing inflammation, restoring collagen and promoting collagen production, this extract helps to improve skin elasticity and brightens surface appearance. Darutoside has been shown to stimulate tissue regeneration via collagen fibres which improves skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
FERULIC ACID: Ferulic acid is an excellent antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals,thus preventing premature aging of the skin caused by free radical damage to elastin and collagen. Ferulic acid acts synergistically with other antioxidants, specifically vitamin C and E, to double their ability to protect the skin from UV radiation. (Interestingly, Ferulic Acid's antioxidant activity is actually boosted by exposure to UV light.) The addition of Ferulic Acid to solutions that contain l-ascorbic acid helps to stabilize 90% of the vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid) and 100% stability is conferred upon Vitamin E (tocopherol). Used in F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: A powerful antioxidant that protects skin from free radical damage that causes premature aging. The polyphenols in green tea act as free radical scavengers soaking up these unstable molecules before they can damage the collagen layer. Green tea extract has also been shown to soothe, heal and calm irritated skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
L-ASCORBIC ACID: It is the most effective form of Vitamin C and acts as a powerful antioxidant. L-Ascorbic Acid is the only form of Vitamin C that is easily absorbed by the skin and is a key element in any anti-aging skincare regimen. Skin is exposed to a variety of environmental insults on a daily basis. UVA/UVB radiation, smoke, air pollution and stress all contribute to the free radical/oxidation process that breaks down the collagen layer of your skin. During this oxidation process, environmental insults cause the skin to form free radicals (O1 molecules) that need to attach to other molecules to become stable (O2 molecules). These free radicals attach to the skin's collagen molecules. This contributes to the breakdown of this collagen layer. Skin starts to look old and loses its natural firmness and elasticity. L-Ascorbic Acid protects your skin from environmental damage and prevents the formation of free radicals. L-Ascorbic Acid is necessary for collagen production and helps to stimulate your skin to produce healthy collagen layers. Over time, the L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum will help to reduce hyperpigmentation, lighten brown spots and improve the texture and firmness of your skin for a younger-looking, more radiant appearance. The 12% concentration of L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum is formulated at a lower ph to ease absorption. It is suspended in a simple stabilizing solution to maintain the effectiveness of the Vitamin C over time. (cellularskinrx.com)
MUNG BEAN SPROUT STEM CELLS: MMP enzymes have been identified as particularly damaging to the skin's extra-cellular matrix. Mung Bean Sprout Stem Cells protect collagen and the extra-cellular matrix from MMPs. The stem cells repair UV-damaged fibroblasts and reduce photo-induced inflammation that eventually leads to skin sensitivity and loss of elasticity. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
OXIDO REDUCTASES: Oxido Reductases is a powerful antioxidant agent that helps to reduce the oxidation process that can lead to premature aging. Oxido Reductases acts as a free radical scavenger, neutralizing free radical molecules in the skin that can lead to collagen/elastin damage. Oxido Reductases has also been shown to have skin lightening properties. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL PENTAPEPTIDE 3: Clinically proven to regenerate the skin's upper layers by stimulating collagen production, thus thickening the epidermis. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of the C-terminal portion of collagen I (the most common type of the nineteen forms of collagen) combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. One could look at Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 as a man-made precursor to collagen I. When this protein is added to cultured human fibroblasts it enhances the synthesis of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin. In vitro, Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen IV synthesis by 100-327% and to stimulate hyaluronic acidsynthesis by 267%. In vivo Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen synthesis by 30-117%. Image analysis determined the effect Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had on wrinkled skin. The six-month results are listed below, though significant results were seen in two months. Results: Mean wrinkle depth -- Reduced 17% Surface area: deep wrinkles -- Reduced 68% Surface area: moderate wrinkles -- Reduced 51% Mean density of wrinkled area -- Reduced 47% Skin roughness -- Reduced 16% Main wrinkle volume -- Reduced 24%. These results show that Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had a dramatic effect on reducing the quantity and depth of wrinkles. It also improved surface smoothness. (cellularskinrx.com)
RETINOL: Retinol is pure active Vitamin A which is scientifically proven to produce healthy, plump skin cells. Because Retinol's molecular structure is small enough to penetrate the outer layers of the epidermis, it can repair deeper layers within the skin.  Collagen and elastin are positively impacted by the benefits of Retinol, as it stimulates the production of collagen in the skin layers, and helps to rebuild and repair elastin fibers. Retinol accelerates cell turnover, encouraging dead skin cells to naturally exfoliate more quickly, thus revealing healthy, fresh cells. It is an excellent ingredient that aids in the repair of sun damaged skin.  Retinol has been proven to be extremely helpful in the treatment of acne without the drying effects (cellularskinrx.com)
SOY PEPTIDES: Soy peptides stimulate fibroblast proliferation and increase collagen and elastin synthesis. This results in firmer-looking skin. Soy Peptides are used to help prevent proteinase activity (as a result of exposure to UV light and ozone) from degrading collagen bundles in the skin. They can also can help to lighten hyperpigmentation and act as an anti-irritant, reducing inflammation. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCORBATE: Stable, oil-soluble vitamin C ester able to be used in cosmetic products with neutral to high pH. Protects from lipid peroxidation and limits melaninogenesis. Limits UV damage and stimulates collagen production. Used in Smooth Surface Instant Line-Filler. (cellularskinrx.com)
Elastin: Protein found in the neck ligaments and aortas of cows. Similar to collagen. Can’t affect the skin’s own elasticity. Alternatives: synthetics, protein from plant tissues. (peta.org)
Collagen: Fibrous protein in vertebrates. Usually derived from animal tissue. Can’t affect the skin’s own collagen. An allergen. Alternatives: soy protein, almond oil, amla oil (see alternatives to Keratin), etc. (peta.org)
collagen vii = کلاژن هفت

collagen matrix = ماتریس کلاژن

hydrolyzed collagen = کلاژن هیدرولیزشده

collagen and keratin = کلاژن و کراتین

collagen stimulation = تحریک کلاژن 

collagen injection-like = مشابه تزریق کلاژن

human fibroblastic collagenase = کلاژناز فیبروبلاست انسان

contraction of collagen fibrils = انقباض فیبریل های کلاژن

activation of collagen synthesis = فعال سازی سنتز کلاژن

fibroblasts, a cell in connective tissue which produces collagen and other fibres = فیبروبلاست ها، سلول های بافت پیوندی که کلاژن و فیبرهای دیگر تولید می کنند

گیاهی = Herbaceous
herbaceous = گیاهی

POGOSTEMON CABLIN — Patchouli. Aromatic essential oil used as a fragrance for its rich, herbaceous scent, and as a fixative in perfumes and soaps. (INCI dictionary)
Neroli: The essential oil from steam-distilling the orange flowers from the Seville Orange or Citrus aurantiam. It has a sharper, more citrus scent than orange blossom, which comes from the same flowers. Petit grain is the essential oil extracted from this same plant’s leaves and twigs, producing a woody-herbaceous scent used often in men’s fragrances. L’Artisan’s Seville À L’Aube features orange blossom. Tom Ford’s Neroli Portofino showcases the steam-distilled orange flower essence, and Comme des Garçons Energy C Grapefruit has petit grain. (intothegloss.com)
HERBACEOUS: A fragrance note that is grassy-green, spicy and somewhat therapeutic, e.g., thyme, chamomile. (fragrance.org)

ترمیم = Repair
repair = ترمیم

RETICULIN — One of the three main proteins found in the skin, often used in cellular repair creams for its ability to attract and retain moisture. (INCI dictionary)
BETA GLUCANS: Soluble Beta Glucans are extremely effective in increasing moisture retention and calming irritated skin. As Biological Response Modifiers, they also help to activate the immune system of the skin, challenging skin to repair itself at a deep level where sensitivity starts. (cellularskinrx.com)
CAROB SEED EXTRACT: Phyto-repair molecules restore the balance of natural regenerative skin systems depleted by age. Accelerates the recovery of stressed skin tissue. Reduces redness, inflammation. Skin's resilience, color, and volume are increased. (cellularskinrx.com)
DERMAXYL: Cell youthening Dermaxyl™, a patented oligopeptide and ceramide blend, inspires older cells to communicate like younger cells. When cells communicate more fully, repair cells can focus on areas of skin damage caused by aging processes. The result is enhanced firmness, better moisture retention, and visible easing of deep wrinkles. Clinical studies testing 24 female subjects aged 42 to 66 with a once daily application of 2% Dermaxyl™ for 56 days showed up to 36% reduction in visible wrinkle volume while wrinkle depth lessened up to 27%. (cellularskinrx.com)
DEXPANTHENOL: A form of vitamin B5, volumizes, hydrates and repairs surface skin cells upon application. (cellularskinrx.com)
JOJOBA OIL: Mistakenly called an oil as it is really a wax that becomes soluble at room temperature. Jojoba oil is excellent at dissolving other oils, dead skin cells and excess sebum in the pores. Long used for scalp and general skin care. Used in CSRx Facial Cleansing Oil , CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment and in Calming Biolipid Repair Creme. (cellularskinrx.com)
MUNG BEAN SPROUT STEM CELLS: MMP enzymes have been identified as particularly damaging to the skin's extra-cellular matrix. Mung Bean Sprout Stem Cells protect collagen and the extra-cellular matrix from MMPs. The stem cells repair UV-damaged fibroblasts and reduce photo-induced inflammation that eventually leads to skin sensitivity and loss of elasticity. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
PANTOTHENIC ACID: A form of vitamin B5, volumizes, hydrates and repairs surface skin cells upon application. Used in F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
RETINOL: Retinol is pure active Vitamin A which is scientifically proven to produce healthy, plump skin cells. Because Retinol's molecular structure is small enough to penetrate the outer layers of the epidermis, it can repair deeper layers within the skin.  Collagen and elastin are positively impacted by the benefits of Retinol, as it stimulates the production of collagen in the skin layers, and helps to rebuild and repair elastin fibers. Retinol accelerates cell turnover, encouraging dead skin cells to naturally exfoliate more quickly, thus revealing healthy, fresh cells. It is an excellent ingredient that aids in the repair of sun damaged skin.  Retinol has been proven to be extremely helpful in the treatment of acne without the drying effects (cellularskinrx.com)
ROSEMARY: Rosemary contains a phyto-lipid that helps skin to repair its protective barrier. Over time, it can inspire skin to increase its barrier lipid production by up to 450%. The result is increased moisture retention and a softer, smoother, plumper skin. Used in Calming BioLipid Repair Creme and Fluid. (cellularskinrx.com)
SEA WHIP: Sea Whip calms and soothes skin prone to irritation. Sea Whip provides the strongest soothing action of all sea plant-derived extracts. Helps to reduce visible redness and other signs of sensitivity. It inhibits 90% of inflammatory enzyme PLA2 which is known to trigger the skin's inflammation response that leads to redness, discomfort, and PIH (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation). Used in Calming BioLipid Repair Creme and Fluid. (cellularskinrx.com)
THERMUS FERMENT EXTRACT: Repairs and protects against heat-activated free radicals that destroy DNA, cell membranes and skin-protecting lipids. Used in CSRx Antioxidant Defense Complex. (cellularskinrx.com)
Repair cream = کرم ترمیم کننده

RETICULIN — One of the three main proteins found in the skin, often used in cellular repair creams for its ability to attract and retain moisture. (INCI dictionary)
tissue repair = ترمیم بافت

disinfecting and wound repair = ضد عفونی کننده و ترمیم کننده زخم

تقویت = Strengthening

ملایم = Mild
mild = ملایم
mildness = ملایمت
Mild abrasive = ساينده ملايم
mild breakouts = جوش های خفیف
Mild vs Severe = خفیف و شدید
Acne Comedonica (mild acne) = آکنه کومدونی (خفیف)
Flaky (mild, moderate, severe) = پوسته پوسته شدن (خفیف، متوسط، شدید)

پپتید = Peptide
peptide = پپتید، مولکولی از کنار هم قرار گرفتن تعدادی اسید آمینه تشکیل می شود

ACETYL GLUTAMYL HEPTAPEPTIDE: Acetyl Glutamyl Heptapeptide-1 (also known as Octapeptide or SNAP-8). This more powerful peptide is the elongated daughter of the acetyl hexapeptide molecule. It can significantly modulate muscle contraction thus preventing the formation of lines and wrinkles that are caused by repeated movement. It is especially effective in reducing wrinkle depth while acetyl hexapeptide is more effective in reducing surface muscle tension. (cellularskinrx.com)
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 3: A non-toxic amino-peptide developed specifically to reduce wrinkles and the signs of premature aging. Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 is a cost-effective alternative to injections and surgical procedures. Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 temporarily limits the overproduction and release of neurotransmitters that initiate and control the intensity of facial muscle contractions. This reduction in intensity reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. This powerful ingredient reduces muscle contractions in a non-paralytic fashion and without toxic side effects. It is naturally derived and non-irritating to the skin. Attaching the hexapeptide to the fatty acid, acetyl, allows the resulting amino-peptide to be easily absorbed into the skin. At a 10% concentration, Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 has been shown to reduce the depth of wrinkles up to 30% after 30 days of trial use. (source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science, Vol. 24, No 5, p.303, October 2002). Currently, doctors are beginning to recommend use of Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 skin serums in conjunction with paralytic injections to prolong those results. (cellularskinrx.com)
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 30: A longer chain acetyl molecule cousin to Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 and 8. Similarly, it inhibits acetylcholine release both pre- and post-synaptically to block nerve signals that cause facial muscles to contract and eventually, form lines and wrinkles. This reduction in nerve signal intensity and muscular contractions reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. Use of Acetyl Hexapeptide 30 in combination with other Acetyl Hexapeptide molecules has an additive effect which is more powerful than using any of the amino-peptides alone. (cellularskinrx.com)
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 8: An amino-peptide developed specifically to reduce wrinkles and the signs of premature aging. Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 is the longer chain molecule cousin of Acetyl Hexapeptide 3. Similar to AH-3, it is a cost-effective alternative to injections and surgical procedures. Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 temporarily limits the overproduction and release of neurotransmitters that initiate and control the intensity of facial muscle contractions. This reduction in intensity reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. Used in combination with Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 and Acetyl Hexapeptide 30, it results in an additive wrinkle-relaxing effect that is more powerful than each amino-peptide used alone. (cellularskinrx.com)
CALMOSENSINE: Calmosensine™ is a patented peptide that relaxes visible tension lines while relieving feelings of heat, stinging and general discomfort. (cellularskinrx.com)
MATRIXYL 3000: Also known as palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7. This next generation oligopeptide firms and decreases visible wrinkles within two months of daily use. Used in Firming Peptide Eye Creme and CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment. (cellularskinrx.com)
MATRIXYL® SYNTHE®6: Facial architectural peptide supports 6 skin-rebuilding activities for a more organized cellular matrix. Signals skin to rebuild particularly where needed, especially the forehead and crow's feet. Natural volume is restored over time. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE 3: Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 has been clinically proven to suppress the body's production of interleukins (IL6), the chemical messengers that trigger inflammation, the first step in the aging cascade. Inflammation is a function of immunity and is a protective response to injury or destruction of tissue. This is the body's way of walling off the injurious agent and the injured tissue. Under normal circumstances, very little IL6 is secreted and its secretion is strictly controlled. However, as we age this regulation system develops defects, and significant levels of IL6 appear in the plasma even when there is no inflammatory stimulus. This results in high levels of inflammatory proteins in the tissues and a loss of healing potential. At concentrations from 10 ppm, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 induces a marked reduction in the secretion of the cytokine IL6. This reduction is progressive and depends on the concentration of the peptide: baseline secretion may be inhibited by up to 40%. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 reduced levels of IL6 after cells were exposed to UV radiation by up to 86% even though IL6 had been increased by about 20 fold by the UV. These results show that Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is able to affect baseline levels of IL6 as well as modulate the effects of UV-stimulated over-production of IL6. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is marketed by Sederma as a molecule that can restore cytokine equilibrium, which characterizes youthful skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
PENTAPEPTIDE 3: Pentapeptide-3 is a powerful yet safe wrinkle-relaxer that acts similarly to curare, the powerful paralytic nerve agent. As with curare, this powerful peptide acts at the post-synaptic membrane. The peptide prevents release of the sodium ion necessary for muscle receptors to receive nerve signals that cause the muscles to contract. The muscle stays relaxed and lines are not formed. Used in SuperMax MultiPeptide Skin Solution Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
RUBIXYL®: This engineered peptide signals skin cells to make more keratin and ceramides. It restores seven key epidermal proteins to normal levels helping to counter the glycation process that causes epidermal protein bonding to become disorganized. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
SOY PEPTIDES: Soy peptides stimulate fibroblast proliferation and increase collagen and elastin synthesis. This results in firmer-looking skin. Soy Peptides are used to help prevent proteinase activity (as a result of exposure to UV light and ozone) from degrading collagen bundles in the skin. They can also can help to lighten hyperpigmentation and act as an anti-irritant, reducing inflammation. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
TRIPEPTIDE: Tripeptide has been developed as an efficient smoothing and anti-wrinkle small peptide particularly effective against expression lines by relaxing facial muscles. This active tripeptide acts in a manner similar to Walglerin 1. Acting at the post-synaptic membrane, Tripeptide is a reverible antagonist of the muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (mnAChR). Tripeptide binds to the receptor; consequently it remains closed. In the closed state, sodium ions (Na+) are not released and the muscles stay relaxed. Clinical trials have shown that Tripeptide is capable of reducing expression lines/wrinkles by inhibiting muscle contractions. Used in SuperMax MultiPeptide Skin Solution Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
ARGIRELINE® peptide solution is the first anti-wrinkle hexapeptide with a Botulinum Toxin-like mechanism of action. It reduces the depth of the wrinkles on the face caused by the contraction of muscles of facial expression, especially in the forehead and around the eyes. ()
peptides = پپتیدها

ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 30: A longer chain acetyl molecule cousin to Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 and 8. Similarly, it inhibits acetylcholine release both pre- and post-synaptically to block nerve signals that cause facial muscles to contract and eventually, form lines and wrinkles. This reduction in nerve signal intensity and muscular contractions reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. Use of Acetyl Hexapeptide 30 in combination with other Acetyl Hexapeptide molecules has an additive effect which is more powerful than using any of the amino-peptides alone. (cellularskinrx.com)
SOY PEPTIDES: Soy peptides stimulate fibroblast proliferation and increase collagen and elastin synthesis. This results in firmer-looking skin. Soy Peptides are used to help prevent proteinase activity (as a result of exposure to UV light and ozone) from degrading collagen bundles in the skin. They can also can help to lighten hyperpigmentation and act as an anti-irritant, reducing inflammation. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
biopeptide = بایوپپتید، بیوپپتید، بایوپپتاید

PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
neuropeptide = نوروپپتیدها

Pain relief has been reported after injection of BTX into hyperactive muscles. In addition, in animal models muscular pain induced by formalin can also be reduced by BTXA suggesting a direct analgesic effect.[18] In rabbit iris muscles and dorsal root ganglia neurons, substance P, a neuropeptide involved in pain reception and neurogenic inflammation, can be blocked together with acetylcholine. (J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2008 Jan; 1(1): 3–6.)
Poly peptide = پل پپتید

oligopeptides = اولیگوپپتیدها

Tetra peptide = تری پپتید

signal peptide = پپتیدهای سیگنالی

tridecapeptide = تری دکاپپتید

cationic peptide = پپتید کاتیونی

antimicrobial peptides = پپتیدهای آنتی میکروبیال، پپتیدهایی که خاصیت ضد میکروبی دارند

palmitoyl oligopeptide = پالمیتوئیل اولیگو پپتید

PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
α-MSH biomimetic peptide = پپتیت های مشابه هورمون تحریك كننده ملانوسیت

preservative free peptide = پپتیدهای عاری از نگهدارنده

Peptide = short chains of amino acids = پپتیدها = رشته های کوتاه از اسیدهای آمینه

Argireline, Acetyl hexapeptide-8 is marketed as Argireline by the Barcelona-based research laboratory Lipotec = آرژیرلین، استیل هگزاپپتید-8، پپتید ضد چروک که با مهار واکنش های بیولوژیکی درگیر در حرکت و انقباض ماهیچه ها عمل می کند

Transforming growth factor beta 1, TGF-β1, polypeptide member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily of cytokines = فاکتور رشد تبدیلی بتا

haloxyl by sederma, an association of two matrikines that lessens under eye dark circles, contains N-Hydroxysuccinimide, Chrysin, Palmitoyl Tripeptide-1, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7 = هالوکسیل سدرما، ترکیبی از ماتریکین ها که برای از بین بردن تیرگی زیر چشم استفاده می شود. حاوی ان هیدروکسی سوکسینیمید کرایسین، پالمیتوئیل تری پپتید 1، پالمیتوئیل تتراپپتید 7

dipeptide 2 = دی پپتید 2

palmitoyl tertapeptide 3 = پالمیتوئیل تتراپپتید 3

رایحه = Scent
scent = رایحه، اسانس

CYMBOPOGON MARTINI — Palma Rosa Oil. Essential oil used for its pleasant scent and hydrating and tonic effects on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
used in soaps and lotions as a scent fixative. (INCI dictionary)
THYMUS VULGARIS — Thyme. Antiseptic and tonic. Contributes an herbal note to the scent of cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
Accord: In the same way you hold down several notes in music to create a chord that has a unique sound, in perfume, an accord is a scent made up of several perfume notes, or ingredients, that blend together to form a distinct fragrance. For example, the classic accord in the chypre perfume category is bergamot, labdanum, and oakmoss. (intothegloss.com)
Base note: The term for the heaviest ingredients, molecularly, in a perfume formula, as well as those that one may notice after the top notes and heart notes. Base notes help to fix other notes in the perfume formula (i.e. make them last longer); they enhance the scent of other ingredients; and, in some cases, they impart their own scent. (intothegloss.com)
Castoreum: An oily secretion from the abdominal sacs of beavers, often a byproduct of the fur trade. Its warm, animalic, and even fruity scent is used in many leather perfumes—but mostly in synthetic form. In Amouage Fate Woman. (intothegloss.com)
Headspace technology: A method pioneered in the 1970s of capturing scent molecules and reconstructing their smell for perfumes. A bell-jar like apparatus is placed over the scented object and the molecules are extracted and saved. Once they’re analyzed, a synthetic version is created. This is how perfumes that are hard to distill, like gardenia, and notes like dirt, in Demeter’s much-lauded Dirt, are created. (intothegloss.com)
Neroli: The essential oil from steam-distilling the orange flowers from the Seville Orange or Citrus aurantiam. It has a sharper, more citrus scent than orange blossom, which comes from the same flowers. Petit grain is the essential oil extracted from this same plant’s leaves and twigs, producing a woody-herbaceous scent used often in men’s fragrances. L’Artisan’s Seville À L’Aube features orange blossom. Tom Ford’s Neroli Portofino showcases the steam-distilled orange flower essence, and Comme des Garçons Energy C Grapefruit has petit grain. (intothegloss.com)
Vetiver: An essential oil steam-distilled from the roots of a tall grass native to India—though Haiti is now its largest producer. It has an earthy, peppery, lemony, dusty scent that has been used extensively in perfumery. Guerlain Vetiver and Hové Parfumerie Vetivert are two great examples of this important perfume note. (intothegloss.com)
APOCRINES: A type of sweat gland which contributes to the sexual and body scent in humans and which influences the odor characteristics of one’s fragrance. (fragrance.org)
ENVIRONMENTAL FRAGRANCING: The use of a scent to enhance the comfort, enjoyment and overall perception of indoor spaces. (fragrance.org)
HORIZONTAL FORMULA: The construction in which the fragrance evolves as it warms and develops on the skin. The top, middle and bottom notes are separate, and as they merge, the true scent is revealed. (fragrance.org)
MOUILLETTES: Strips of odorless white blotting paper, which the perfumer uses to evaluate a scent as it develops. (fragrance.org)
VERTICAL FORMULA: The construction in which no transition from top to base notes is discernible. The fragrance has been purposely created so that the scent remains the same from the first note to the last. (fragrance.org)
fluorescent beads = منجوق های فلورسنت 

Adolescent vs adult = نوجوان در برابر بزرگسال

epifluorescent microscope = میکروسکوپ اپی فلورسنت

unscented or the same scent as your perfume = بدون بو یا از رایحه ای هم خانواده با عطر شما

MOUILLETTES, Strips of odorless white blotting paper, which the perfumer uses to evaluate a scent as it develops. = كاغذهای بلاتر كه برای ارزیابی رایحه یك عطر توسط عطار مورد استفاده قرار می گیرد.

MOSSY, The odor suggestive of the aromatic lichens, and mosses, primarily oak moss and tree moss; reminiscent of forest depths. = خزه ای: بویی كه شبیه مواد معطر لیتن ها، خزه ها مثل خزه بلوط است. یادآور اعماق جنگل.

Optical brighteners, optical brightening agents (OBAs), fluorescent brightening agents (FBAs), fluorescent whitening agents (FWAs) = سفیدکننده های فلوئورسنتی، اپتیکال برایتنر

APOCRINES, A type of sweat gland which contributes to the sexual and body scent in humans and which influences the odor characteristics of one’s fragrance. = آپوكرین، نوعی از غدد عرقی است كه به لوایح بدن و اندام جنسی مرتبط است و بوی خاص یك عطر را تحت تأثیر قرار می‌دهد.

pearlescent pigments, pigments possess optical effects that serve decorative purposes such as cosmetics, printed products, industrial coatings, or automotive paints = ذرات مرواریدی

تقطیر = Distillation
distillation = تقطیر

ESSENTIAL OILS — Volatile liquids extracted from plant materials by steam distillation or expression, which contain the characteristic plant aroma. Unlike fixed plant oils (such as olive oil), essential oils evaporate at room temperature and do not leave an oily residue on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
HAMAMELIS VIRGINIANA — Witch Hazel. A byproduct of the distillation of the leaves and stems of the plant, this hydrosol or floral water is a natural astringent and tonic. An anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory, it is an excellent ingredient in facial cleansers, toners and lotions. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROSOLS — Floral Waters. Hydrosols are byproducts of the steam distillation of plant materials. While essential oils are concentrated forms of plant essences, hydrosols are highly diluted, made up of variable ratios of plant materials to water. To protect consumers, standards are being developed to determine an acceptable ratio. Quality hydrosols are beneficial to skin and hair, but do not offer all the synergy of natural, unprocessed plant liquids (e.g., aloe vera and orange pith juice). (INCI dictionary)
JUNIPERUS OXYCEDRUS — Cade Wood Oil. Essential oil obtained by steam distillation of the wood from the juniper tree. Used by European herbalists as a cleanser and toner to help clear and condition the scalp and prevent flaking. Today coal tar, a dangerous petrochemical, is generally used in its place in many mass-produced hair care products. (INCI dictionary)
LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA FLOWER WATER — Lavender Water. A byproduct of the distillation of lavender flowers, this hy- drosol or floral water is a natural hydrating and soothing agent. An anti-irritant and antiseptic, it is an excellent ingredient in facial cleans- ers, toners and lotions for sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
ROSA DAMASCENA FLOWER DISTILLATE — Rosewater. A byproduct of the distillation of fresh rose petals, this hydrosol or floral water is a natural hydrator and anti-irritant. Used in cosmetics since the 10th century, it is an excellent soothing agent for dry, sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
ROSA DAMASCENA FLOWER OIL — Rose Oil. Essential oil ob- tained by steam distillation. Used for its skin softening proper ties and pleasant fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
ATTAR (OTTO): From the ancient Persian word “to smell sweet.” Attar or otto refers to essential oil obtained by distillation and, in particular, that of the Bulgarian rose, an extremely precious perfumery material. (fragrance.org)
DISTILLATION: A common technique for obtaining aromatic compounds from plants, such as orange blossoms and roses. The raw material is heated and the fragrant compounds are recollected through condensation of the distilled vapour. (fragrance.org)
ENFLEURAGE: In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. (fragrance.org)
ESSENTIAL OIL: The “essence” of plants obtained by distillation of the plant material or its concrete. Plant materials include flowers, grass, stems, seeds, leaves, roots, bark, fruits, tree moss and tree secretions. (fragrance.org)
steam distillation = تقطیر با بخار آب

ESSENTIAL OILS — Volatile liquids extracted from plant materials by steam distillation or expression, which contain the characteristic plant aroma. Unlike fixed plant oils (such as olive oil), essential oils evaporate at room temperature and do not leave an oily residue on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROSOLS — Floral Waters. Hydrosols are byproducts of the steam distillation of plant materials. While essential oils are concentrated forms of plant essences, hydrosols are highly diluted, made up of variable ratios of plant materials to water. To protect consumers, standards are being developed to determine an acceptable ratio. Quality hydrosols are beneficial to skin and hair, but do not offer all the synergy of natural, unprocessed plant liquids (e.g., aloe vera and orange pith juice). (INCI dictionary)
JUNIPERUS OXYCEDRUS — Cade Wood Oil. Essential oil obtained by steam distillation of the wood from the juniper tree. Used by European herbalists as a cleanser and toner to help clear and condition the scalp and prevent flaking. Today coal tar, a dangerous petrochemical, is generally used in its place in many mass-produced hair care products. (INCI dictionary)
ROSA DAMASCENA FLOWER OIL — Rose Oil. Essential oil ob- tained by steam distillation. Used for its skin softening proper ties and pleasant fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
hyrdosol, Herbal distillates, floral waters, hydrosols, hydrolates, herbal waters, and essential waters, are aqueous products of distillation. = هیدروسل، مقطره گیاهی، گلاب، هیدرولات ها، آب اسانسی، محصول آبی تقطیر

ATTAR (OTTO), From the ancient Persian word “to smell sweet.” Attar or otto refers to essential oil obtained by distillation and, in particular, that of the Bulgarian rose, an extremely precious perfumery material. = عطار، از لغت فارسی رایحه شیرین می‌آید. عطّار یا عطو به اسانس روغنی گفته می‌شود كه با روش تقطیر به دست می‌آید مثل اسانس روزه بلغاری و مواد باارزش عطاری.

ESSENTIAL OIL, The “essence” of plants obtained by distillation of the plant material or its concrete. Plant materials include flowers, grass, stems, seeds, leaves, roots, bark, fruits, tree moss and tree secretions. = اسانس روغنی: اسانس گیاهان كه با روش تقطیر مواد گیاهی یا كانكریت آنها به دست می آید. منظورمان از مواد گیاهی گلها، علفها، ساقه ها، بذرها، برگها، ریشه ها، تنه و میوه درختان است. همچنین خزه درختان و سایر ترشحات درختان همگی از مواد گیاهی محسوب می شوند كه می تواند تقطیر شود.

DISTILLATION, A common technique for obtaining aromatic compounds from plants, such as orange blossoms and roses. The raw material is heated and the fragrant compounds are recollected through condensation of the distilled vapour. = تقطیر: تكنیك رایج برای بدست آوردن مواد آروماتیك گیاهان مثل شكوفه پرتقال و رز. ماده اولیه حرارت داده می شود و تركیب عطری جمع آوری می شود با روش میعان مایع تقطیر شده.

ENFLEURAGE, In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. = انفلوراژ: در این فرایند مواد معطر به داخل یك ماده مومی شكل جذب می شود و سپس روغنهای معطر با اتیل الكل جدا می شود. استخراج با انفلوراژ برای گیاهان ظریف استفاده می شود كه در اثر تقطیر ممكن است ملكولهای مواد معطرشان تخریب شود.

آبکشی = Rinse
rinse = آبکشی
rinsed = آبکشی شده
acid rinse = محلول یا امولسیونی که دارای خاصیت اسیدی بوده و برای انسداد کوتیکول های مو بعد از شامپو کردن یا استفاده از محصولات شیمیایی به کار می رود.
after rinse = محصول آرایشی بهداشتی که برای آبکشی موها بعد از آرایش مو یا به کار بردن محصولات خاص استفاده می شود.
rinse-off, rinse off = آبکشی شدنی، قابل آبکشی
color rinses, color rinse = رنگ موهای قابل آبکشی 
rinse with lukewarm water = با آب ولرم آبکشی کن
no need to rinse afterward = بعد از آن نیازی به آبکشی نیست
Rinse thoroughly /ˈθʌrəli/ = کاملا بشوئید
Rinse with lukewarm water and pat dry with a soft towel. = با آب ولرم بشویید و با یک حوله نرم خشک کنید.
rinsed, washed with clean water to remove soap, makeup, dirt, or impurities = آبکشی با آب، شستن با آب تمیز به منظور زدودن صابون، آرایش و آلودگی ها

فرمول = Formula
Formula = فرمول، فرمولاسیون

SOAP —A natural cleansing agent (surfactant) with the ability to emulsify oils and hold dirt in suspension. Bar soaps are made from the combination of fats, oils and/or fatty acids and sodium salts (sodium hydroxide, an alkali) dissolved in water. In liquid soap, potassium salts (potassium hydroxide) are utilized. While sodium and potassium salts can be harsh and drying, in a properly balanced formula, sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide cease to exist as separate entities when they combine with the oils to form soap, leaving no potential for skin irritation. (INCI dictionary) 
صابون: ماده پاك كننده طبيعي (جزء دسته سورفكتانت ها) كه قادر است روغن و چرك ها را معلق درآورد. صابون هاي قالبي با تركيب چربي ها، روغن ها و اسيدهاي چرب و نمك هاي سديم (سديم هيدروكسيد، يك ماده قليايي) در آب حل مي شود. در صابون مايع نمك پتاسيم (پتاسيم هيدروكسيد) استفاده مي شود. نمك هاي سديم و پتاسيم به خودي خود خشك كننده پوست و خشن مي باشد اما در يك فرمول به خوبي متعادل شده، سديم هيدروكسيد و پتاسيم هيدروكسيد به عنوان ماده اي مجزا موجود نمي باشد چرا كه با روغن ها تركيب شده و صابون تشكيل داده و بنابراين محرك پوست نمي باشد.
SURFACTANTS — Surface active agents responsible for wetting, dispersion and emulsification. Wetting enhances the spreading and penetrating ability of a liquid, which in turn improves the cleaning ability of water.There are three basic types of surfactants commonly used in shampoo formulas: detergents, soaps and glycosides. (INCI dictionary) 
سورفكتانت ها : مواد فعال سطحي كه مسئول خيس كردن، پراكندن و امولسيون كردن مي باشند. خيس كردن به فرايندي گفته مي شود كه در آن پخش شوندگي و نفوذ يك مايع افزايش مي يابد و به تبع آن پاك كنندگي آب بيشتر مي شود. سه نوع سورفكتانت رايج در فرمولاسيون شامپو وجود دارد: دترجنت ها، صابون ها و گليكوزيدها.آ
AQUA — Water. In our formulations, we use deionized water, purified water that has had ions removed. (The deionization process also removes nitrates, calcium, magnesium and heavy metals.) A few of our products contain mineral water from a spring, either naturally carbonated, such as Perrier, or still, such as Evian. (INCI dictionary)
ASTER TRIPOLIUM — Sea Aster. Soothing agent clinically proven to reduce redness and sensitivity on the skin when used twice daily for 28 days. An excellent addition to calming formulas for sensitive complexions. (INCI dictionary)
BETAINE – A natural humectant derived from sugar beets. Used in hair care formulations as a foam enhancer and conditioning agent. (INCI dictionary)
CAMELLIA SINENSIS OIL , CAMELLIA JAPONICA OIL — White Camellia Oil. Rich oil extracted from the white camellia flower, cul- tivated in the villages of China and Japan and used in hair and skin care formulations for thousands of years. A superb moisturizer and nutrient for hair and skin, it has antioxidant proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
CHAMOMILLA RECUTITA, MATRICARIA RECUTITA — German Chamomile. A softening agent for rough, dry skin, used since ancient times for its calming and conditioning effects. Its soothing and hydrating proper ties also work well on the hair and scalp. In hair care formulations, it brings out highlights in blond or light brown hair. See also Anthemis nobilis (Roman Chamomile);Tanacetum annuum (Blue Chamomile). (INCI dictionary)
CITRULLINE — An amino acid found in the skin of watermelon, sometimes known as L-Citrulline. An antioxidant and conditioning agent used in anti-aging formulas for its water-binding proper ties on the skin. (See also Citrullus lanatus.) (INCI dictionary)
DAUCUS CAROTA SATIVA ROOT EXTRACT — Carrot Oil. The seeds of carrots yield an essential oil rich in beta carotene, orange or red compounds that are precursors to vitamin A and occur naturally in plants. Also high in vitamin E, carrot oil promotes skin cell regeneration and stimulates the production of sebum in dry scalp and skin. Its high antioxidant content makes it an excellent natural preservative in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
DYCAPRYLYL CARBONATE — Plant-derived fat used as an emollient and skin conditioner. Added to sunscreens, moisturizers and anti-aging formulations, it increases the spreadability of the prod- uct. It is considered a “dry emollient” for its ability to soften skin and replenish its moisture content without leaving a greasy feel. (INCI dictionary)
EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS — Eucalyptus Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties. Used in cleansers, massage formulations and bath soaks for its cooling, soothing effect on the skin. Herbalists recommend a few drops of the oil in a hot bath to open up blocked sinuses and help clear a stuffy nose. (INCI dictionary)
FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
GAULTHERIA PROCUMBENS — Wintergreen Oil. A tonic, stimulant and freshener, this aromatic oil has a warming action on the muscles and skin. Excellent in body rubs and bath oils, as well as mouthwash and toothpaste formulations. Is very high in salicylic acid. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERIN — Vegetable Glycerin. Rich humectant, emollient and lubricant naturally extracted from vegetable oils, used in cosmetic formulations for thousands of years. (Synthetic glycerin, otherwise known as propylene glycol, is highly irritating to the skin and scalp and should be avoided.) (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERYL CAPRYLATE — An emulsifier, also used in cosmetic formulations for its antimicrobial activity. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERYL UNDECYLENATE — An emulsifier, also used in cosmetic formulations for its antimicrobial activity. Has skin-conditioning proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED OAT PROTEIN — A natural humectant used in skin care formulations for its powerful anti-aging proper ties. Used regularly, oat protein has been clinically shown to reduce the appearance of fine lines by 34% and deep wrinkles by 57%, and to keep skin hydrated for up to eight hours after application. In hair care preparations, it is an excellent conditioner and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from soy via the enzymatic hydrolysis process. Applied topically, it is an excellent hydrator that improves the texture and resiliency of the skin. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. In hair care preparations it is an excellent conditioner and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED VEGETABLE PROTEIN — Termed the building block of life, protein is our most import tant food, a leading source of vitamins and essential amino acids. Generally found in meats, eggs and dairy y products, protein can also be obtained from soy, wheat and other plant sources. Applied topically, vegetable protein is an excellent hydrator, readily absorbed by the skin for improved tex- ture. In hair care formulas, it combines with fatty acids and amino acids to coat porous or damaged hair and split ends. (See also Hy- drolyzed oat protein, Hydrolyzed soy protein, Hydrolyzed wheat protein.) (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED WHEAT PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from wheat. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture and is clinically proven to minimize fine lines and wrinkles. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. (See also Hydrolyzed vegetable protein.) (INCI dictionary)
MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT CELL CULTURE EXTRACT — Apple Stem Cells. Harvested from a variety of Swiss apples, Uttwil- er Spatlauber, known for their longevity and ability to stay fresh for months, apple stem cells are used in skin care formulations for their anti-aging proper ties. Recent science has also discovered their pow- erful beneficial effect on the hair. Rich in phytonutrients and plant proteins, they nourish and suppor t hair follicles to encourage growth and help maintain hair health. (INCI dictionary)
MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES — Plant or animal substances that bind with water to form the thick, jelly-like material that cements cells together. Used in skin and hair care formulations for their ability to retain water. Mucopolysaccharides from aloe vera are best. (INCI dictionary)
PASSIFLORA INCARNATA — Passionflower. Analgesic, anti- irritant and sedative, its roots and leaves are used in skin care formulations for their soothing proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
SECALE CEREALE SEED EXTRACT — Rye Seed Extract. The highly purified extract from r ye seeds. An excellent ingredient in face creams and anti-aging formulations, it provides a gradual and long-lasting firming action and visually smoother skin. Has been shown to significantly reduce the depth and appearance of wrin- kles and fine lines by 25% with twice daily use. (INCI dictionary)
SESAMUM INDICUM — Sesame Oil. Similar to avocado oil, this rich emollient is high in linoleic and oleic fatty acids. Often used as a carry- ing agent for other ingredients in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
VISCUM ALBUM — Mistletoe. An anti-irritant, known for its soothing proper ties on sensitive skin. It is often combined with fennel, hops, chamomile, balm mint and yarrow in skin formulations. (INCI dictionary)
L-ASCORBIC ACID: It is the most effective form of Vitamin C and acts as a powerful antioxidant. L-Ascorbic Acid is the only form of Vitamin C that is easily absorbed by the skin and is a key element in any anti-aging skincare regimen. Skin is exposed to a variety of environmental insults on a daily basis. UVA/UVB radiation, smoke, air pollution and stress all contribute to the free radical/oxidation process that breaks down the collagen layer of your skin. During this oxidation process, environmental insults cause the skin to form free radicals (O1 molecules) that need to attach to other molecules to become stable (O2 molecules). These free radicals attach to the skin's collagen molecules. This contributes to the breakdown of this collagen layer. Skin starts to look old and loses its natural firmness and elasticity. L-Ascorbic Acid protects your skin from environmental damage and prevents the formation of free radicals. L-Ascorbic Acid is necessary for collagen production and helps to stimulate your skin to produce healthy collagen layers. Over time, the L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum will help to reduce hyperpigmentation, lighten brown spots and improve the texture and firmness of your skin for a younger-looking, more radiant appearance. The 12% concentration of L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum is formulated at a lower ph to ease absorption. It is suspended in a simple stabilizing solution to maintain the effectiveness of the Vitamin C over time. (cellularskinrx.com)
Riboxyl™ is a pure natural D-ribose obtained from corn seed by biotechnology. Riboxyl™ generates new ATP (adenosine triphosphate) to rebuild energyc supplies. Riboxyl™ is thus a natural cellular energizer increasing cellular respiration for a global anti-aging action: anti-wrinkle, skin elasticity improvement and complexion enhancement. It is a stable, odorless white powder that is highly water soluble and easy to formulate. (ulprospector.com)
Cysteine, L-Form: An amino acid from hair that can come from animals. Used in hair-care products and creams, in some bakery products, and in wound-healing formulations. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
Base note: The term for the heaviest ingredients, molecularly, in a perfume formula, as well as those that one may notice after the top notes and heart notes. Base notes help to fix other notes in the perfume formula (i.e. make them last longer); they enhance the scent of other ingredients; and, in some cases, they impart their own scent. (intothegloss.com)
Top note: The molecularly lightest note in a perfume formula, like citrusy bergamot and mandarin. They’re the first notes you smell in a composition. (intothegloss.com)
COMPOUND: A compound is a completed perfume formulation ready to be used in a product. The term “composition” and compound are interchangeable. (fragrance.org)
HORIZONTAL FORMULA: The construction in which the fragrance evolves as it warms and develops on the skin. The top, middle and bottom notes are separate, and as they merge, the true scent is revealed. (fragrance.org)
LIGHT: A generally non-sweet, non-cloying fragrance where the fresh note is predominant. Often formulated as an eau fraiche or deodorant cologne for all-over body wear in warm climates or for sports. (fragrance.org)
PERFUME: Most highly concentrated form of fragrance, the strongest and the most lasting. Perfume may contain hundreds of ingredients within a single formulation. (fragrance.org)
PERFUMER’S PALETTE: The range of perfume ingredients from which a perfumer selects to use in the formulation of a perfume. There are 3400 raw materials available to perfumers – 400 naturals and 3000 synthetics. (fragrance.org)
PROFILE: A perfume or perfumed product profile is a description of the fragrance prepared by a marketer, which is given to a perfumer for inspiration and formulation. The profile contains all pertinent details in relation to marketing the new fragrance plan, type, name, package, color/theme, mood, impression, cost parameters, etc. (fragrance.org)
VERTICAL FORMULA: The construction in which no transition from top to base notes is discernible. The fragrance has been purposely created so that the scent remains the same from the first note to the last. (fragrance.org)
L'Oreal: L'Oreal is the world's largest cosmetics and beauty company and has its head office in Paris, France. It specializes in hair color amongst other things, but it was actually its invention of permanent hair color that began this mighty empire. In 1907 a French chemist, Eugene Schueller, developed an innovative hair color formula that chemically made hair color permanent. This the beginning of the L'Oreal company which in 2007 was listed as having 63,360 employees and a revenue of 17.06 billion Euros!! (thehairstyler.com)
Semi-Permanent Hair Color: Semi-permanent hair color is a color formula that deposits itself mainly on the cuticle layer of the hair, but it will also penetrate deeper into the cortex. This type of color cannot lighten hair and is generally used to add depth, change color tone, brighten the hair and camouflage small amounts of grey. The color fades away with each shampoo, meaning it lasts between 6-8 shampoos, and it can be found in various forms including, mousses, gels, crèmes and liquids. (thehairstyler.com)
The caffeine-based formula of this tonic prevents hair growth from weakening after menopause. (Plantur 39 tonic)
Witch hazel is a small tree known for its softening, soothing properties. When formulating their family toiletry range, Yves Rocher Vegetal Biology Laboratories selected an organic witch hazel extract, obtained according to special rules of cultivation and extraction designed to deliver its properties intact. (yvesrocher.ca)
formulator = فرمولاتور، طراح فرمول، سازنده فرمولاسیون 

formulation = فرمولاسیون

AQUA — Water. In our formulations, we use deionized water, purified water that has had ions removed. (The deionization process also removes nitrates, calcium, magnesium and heavy metals.) A few of our products contain mineral water from a spring, either naturally carbonated, such as Perrier, or still, such as Evian. (INCI dictionary)
BETAINE – A natural humectant derived from sugar beets. Used in hair care formulations as a foam enhancer and conditioning agent. (INCI dictionary)
CAMELLIA SINENSIS OIL , CAMELLIA JAPONICA OIL — White Camellia Oil. Rich oil extracted from the white camellia flower, cul- tivated in the villages of China and Japan and used in hair and skin care formulations for thousands of years. A superb moisturizer and nutrient for hair and skin, it has antioxidant proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
CHAMOMILLA RECUTITA, MATRICARIA RECUTITA — German Chamomile. A softening agent for rough, dry skin, used since ancient times for its calming and conditioning effects. Its soothing and hydrating proper ties also work well on the hair and scalp. In hair care formulations, it brings out highlights in blond or light brown hair. See also Anthemis nobilis (Roman Chamomile);Tanacetum annuum (Blue Chamomile). (INCI dictionary)
DAUCUS CAROTA SATIVA ROOT EXTRACT — Carrot Oil. The seeds of carrots yield an essential oil rich in beta carotene, orange or red compounds that are precursors to vitamin A and occur naturally in plants. Also high in vitamin E, carrot oil promotes skin cell regeneration and stimulates the production of sebum in dry scalp and skin. Its high antioxidant content makes it an excellent natural preservative in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
DYCAPRYLYL CARBONATE — Plant-derived fat used as an emollient and skin conditioner. Added to sunscreens, moisturizers and anti-aging formulations, it increases the spreadability of the prod- uct. It is considered a “dry emollient” for its ability to soften skin and replenish its moisture content without leaving a greasy feel. (INCI dictionary)
EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS — Eucalyptus Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties. Used in cleansers, massage formulations and bath soaks for its cooling, soothing effect on the skin. Herbalists recommend a few drops of the oil in a hot bath to open up blocked sinuses and help clear a stuffy nose. (INCI dictionary)
FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
GAULTHERIA PROCUMBENS — Wintergreen Oil. A tonic, stimulant and freshener, this aromatic oil has a warming action on the muscles and skin. Excellent in body rubs and bath oils, as well as mouthwash and toothpaste formulations. Is very high in salicylic acid. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERIN — Vegetable Glycerin. Rich humectant, emollient and lubricant naturally extracted from vegetable oils, used in cosmetic formulations for thousands of years. (Synthetic glycerin, otherwise known as propylene glycol, is highly irritating to the skin and scalp and should be avoided.) (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERYL CAPRYLATE — An emulsifier, also used in cosmetic formulations for its antimicrobial activity. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERYL UNDECYLENATE — An emulsifier, also used in cosmetic formulations for its antimicrobial activity. Has skin-conditioning proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED OAT PROTEIN — A natural humectant used in skin care formulations for its powerful anti-aging proper ties. Used regularly, oat protein has been clinically shown to reduce the appearance of fine lines by 34% and deep wrinkles by 57%, and to keep skin hydrated for up to eight hours after application. In hair care preparations, it is an excellent conditioner and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT CELL CULTURE EXTRACT — Apple Stem Cells. Harvested from a variety of Swiss apples, Uttwil- er Spatlauber, known for their longevity and ability to stay fresh for months, apple stem cells are used in skin care formulations for their anti-aging proper ties. Recent science has also discovered their pow- erful beneficial effect on the hair. Rich in phytonutrients and plant proteins, they nourish and suppor t hair follicles to encourage growth and help maintain hair health. (INCI dictionary)
MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES — Plant or animal substances that bind with water to form the thick, jelly-like material that cements cells together. Used in skin and hair care formulations for their ability to retain water. Mucopolysaccharides from aloe vera are best. (INCI dictionary)
PASSIFLORA INCARNATA — Passionflower. Analgesic, anti- irritant and sedative, its roots and leaves are used in skin care formulations for their soothing proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
SECALE CEREALE SEED EXTRACT — Rye Seed Extract. The highly purified extract from r ye seeds. An excellent ingredient in face creams and anti-aging formulations, it provides a gradual and long-lasting firming action and visually smoother skin. Has been shown to significantly reduce the depth and appearance of wrin- kles and fine lines by 25% with twice daily use. (INCI dictionary)
SESAMUM INDICUM — Sesame Oil. Similar to avocado oil, this rich emollient is high in linoleic and oleic fatty acids. Often used as a carry- ing agent for other ingredients in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
VISCUM ALBUM — Mistletoe. An anti-irritant, known for its soothing proper ties on sensitive skin. It is often combined with fennel, hops, chamomile, balm mint and yarrow in skin formulations. (INCI dictionary)
Cysteine, L-Form: An amino acid from hair that can come from animals. Used in hair-care products and creams, in some bakery products, and in wound-healing formulations. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
COMPOUND: A compound is a completed perfume formulation ready to be used in a product. The term “composition” and compound are interchangeable. (fragrance.org)
PERFUME: Most highly concentrated form of fragrance, the strongest and the most lasting. Perfume may contain hundreds of ingredients within a single formulation. (fragrance.org)
PERFUMER’S PALETTE: The range of perfume ingredients from which a perfumer selects to use in the formulation of a perfume. There are 3400 raw materials available to perfumers – 400 naturals and 3000 synthetics. (fragrance.org)
PROFILE: A perfume or perfumed product profile is a description of the fragrance prepared by a marketer, which is given to a perfumer for inspiration and formulation. The profile contains all pertinent details in relation to marketing the new fragrance plan, type, name, package, color/theme, mood, impression, cost parameters, etc. (fragrance.org)
watery formula = فرمولاسیون آبکی

sturdy formulations = فرمولاسیون محکم

formulation guidelines = راهنمای فرمولاسیون 

base of the formulation = پایه فرمولاسیون

formulation versatility = تنوع فرمولاسیون

make the formulations more robust = تقویت امولسیون ها، افزایش پایداری امولسیون ها

Ozone, trioxygen, an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O3 = ازن، تری اکسیژن

hydroxysuccinimide, N-Hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) is an organic compound with the formula C4H5NO3 = ان هیدروکسی سوکسینیمید یا NHS، ترکیب آلی با فرمول حلقوی شامل یک اتم نیتروژن و یک گروه هیدروکسیل

COMPOUND, A compound is a completed perfume formulation ready to be used in a product. The term “composition” and compound are interchangeable. = كامپاند به فرمولاسیون كامل عطر گفته می شودكه برای استفاده در محصول آماده است. كامپازیشن و كامپوند را می توان به جای هم استفاده نمود.

Cleansers are formulated to cleanse the surface of the skin and remove makeup and oil = کلنزرها برای تمیزکردن سطح پوست و زدودن آرایش و روغن فرموله شده اند

ایمنی = Safety
Safety = ایمنی

safety profile = پروفایل ایمنی 

material safety data sheet, MSDS = فایل اطلاعات ایمنی ماده شیمیایی

تغذیه = Nourish
nourish = تغذیه

Hair appears much more complex that they look and they play a vital role in our appearance. They are composed of strong structural protein called keratin. Below the surface of the skin is the hair root, which is enclosed within a hair follicle. At the base of the follicle is the dermal papilla. The dermal papilla is feed by the bloodstream which carries nourishment to produce new hair. The dermal papilla plays a crucial role in the dermal-epidermal interactions and is of great importance for the hair formation and growth cycle. (Capixyl)
ADANSONIA DIGITATA — Baobab Oil. Rich emollient helps maintain skin elasticity and restore moisture to dehydrated, sun-stressed skin and dry hair. Its high vitamin D content makes it ideal for after sun use. Also rich in antioxidants—particularly vitamin C—and essential fatty acids, very nourishing to the skin. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن بائوباب امولينت قدرتمند كه باعث حفظ كشساني پوست گرديده و رطوبت پوست دِهيدراته را تامين مي كند. رطوبت پوستي كه در اثر مواجهه با تنش هاي آفتاب دِهيدراته شده و موي خشك شده را جبران مي كند. داراي ويتامين دي به مقدار زياد مي باشد كه از اين تركيب محصولي ايده آل براي ساخت كرم هاي اَفترسان ساخته است. همچنين داراي آنتي اكسيدان هاي ديگري به ويژه ويتامين C و اسيدهاي چرب ضروري مي باشد كه بسيار تغذيه كننده پوست هستند.
ARNICA MONTANA — Arnica Oil. Herbal extract used in hair tonics and massage preparations for its nourishing and anti-inflammatory proper ties. Combined with vitamin E, it is an excellent natural deodorant. (INCI dictionary)
CHENOPODIUM QUINOA — Quinoa Protein. One of the most complete plant proteins, high in vitamins, minerals and the sulfur- containing amino acids cystine and cysteine, excellent nutrients for the hair, scalp and skin. A fixative in hair styling products, it smoothes layers in the hair’s cuticle to strengthen hair fiber, reduce frizzing and enhance shine. Used in anti-aging creams and facial masks, it firms and nourishes the skin for a more youthful appearance. CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA — Chlorella. Made up of over 60% protein, this green micro-algae contains all the essential amino acids, and is high in chlorophyll and vitamin B. An excellent nutrient, often used as a skin hydrator. (INCI dictionary)
CHONDRUS CRISPUS — Carrageenan. Food-grade seaweed gum obtained from Irish moss and other red algae. A natural stabilizer, binding agent and emulsifier, high in sulfur and very nourishing to skin and scalp. Food-grade carrageenan should not be confused with degraded carrageenan, which is a known carcinogen. CHYRSANTHEMUM MORIFOLIUM — Chinese Chrysanthemum. Used in Chinese medicine for the treatment of allergic reactions and skin irritations. Known for its soothing effect on the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
HIPPOPHAE RHAMNOIDES — Sea Buckthorn Oil. Richest herbal source of antioxidant vitamins E and A (beta-carotene and other carotenoids), which help prevent the formation of free radicals. This nourishing oil is also high in essential fatty acids, particularly rare palmitoleic acid, a constituent of the skin’s sebum. An ex- cellent soothing agent for stressed or acne-prone skin and sunburn. (INCI dictionary)
LINUM USITATISSIMUM SEED OIL — Flaxseed Oil. Emollient and anti-inflammatory, high in essential fatty acids, B vitamins, protein and minerals.Very nourishing to dry hair and skin, whether tak- en internally or applied topically. (INCI dictionary)
MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT CELL CULTURE EXTRACT — Apple Stem Cells. Harvested from a variety of Swiss apples, Uttwil- er Spatlauber, known for their longevity and ability to stay fresh for months, apple stem cells are used in skin care formulations for their anti-aging proper ties. Recent science has also discovered their pow- erful beneficial effect on the hair. Rich in phytonutrients and plant proteins, they nourish and suppor t hair follicles to encourage growth and help maintain hair health. (INCI dictionary)
PANTHENOL — Vitamin B-5. Natural hair thickener that helps give hair body and hold. An excellent hydrator, it nourishes and strengthens the scalp and promotes hair health. Also used as a natural skin hydrator, it is sometimes known as Pantothenic Acid. (INCI dictionary)
PERSEA GRATISSIMA — Avocado Oil. A good source of vitamins A, D and E, amino acids and sterols. Herbalists traditionally have used avocado oil in hair and scalp preparations and in the treatment of chronic dry skin conditions. Easily absorbed by the skin and scalp, it is very soothing and nourishing. (INCI dictionary)
SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEED POWDER — Jojoba Meal. High in protein and natural fibers, this byproduct of the moisture-rich jojo- ba plant contains 17 amino acids. Its mild exfoliating properties help clear away dead skin cells and nourish and deep-cleanse the complex- ion without drying it out. (INCI dictionary)
TRITICUM VULGARE — Wheat Germ Oil. Extracted from the embryo of the wheat kernel. An anti-inflammatory and skin nourish- er that also acts as a natural preservative because of its high vitamin E content. (INCI dictionary)
URTICA DIOICA — Nettle, Stinging Nettle. Excellent tonic and astringent, rich in phosphates and trace minerals. Promotes circulation to the skin and scalp and is said to stimulate hair growth, especially when combined with horsetail and coltsfoot. Its high silica and sulfur content make it very nourishing to the hair and scalp, and an excellent addition to products for thinning hair. (INCI dictionary)
nourishing the skin = تغذیه کردن پوست

Intensive nourishment = تغذیه عمقی و شدید

دائمی = Permanent
permanent = دائمی

Keratin: Protein from the ground-up horns, hooves, feathers, quills, and hair of various animals. In hair rinses, shampoos, permanent wave solutions. Alternatives: almond oil, soy protein, amla oil (from the fruit of an Indian tree), human hair from salons. Rosemary and nettle give body and strand strength to hair. (peta.org)
Oleic Acid: Obtained from various animal and vegetable fats and oils. Usually obtained commercially from inedible tallow. (See Tallow.) In foods, soft soap, bar soap, permanent wave solutions, creams, nail polish, lipsticks, many other skin preparations. Derivatives: Oleyl Oleate, Oleyl Stearate. Alternatives: coconut oil. (See alternatives to Animal Fats and Oils.) (peta.org)
Bleach: Bleach is a chemical agent used to lighten or disperse pigment from the hair shaft in a permanent manner. Bleaching is useful when you want to go from a darker color to a much lighter one, but beware because bleaching is quite harsh on the hair and over-processing must be avoided. (thehairstyler.com)
Cortex: The cortex lies directly underneath the cuticle and is spiral-looking in appearance- kind of like a coiled rope. It's here that pigments are found and that natural hair elasticity, i.e. straight, wavy, curly, gets its form. The cortex is also where all permanent chemical coloring takes place, including bleaching, perming and chemical straightening, and where the natural shape of the hair is changed; for example, using hot irons to go from curly to straight or hot rollers to go from straight to curly. These changes last only until the hair becomes wet again. (thehairstyler.com)
Demi-Permanent Color: A demi-permanent is a wash-out color that lasts around 20-25 shampoos. Demi-permanents do have low levels of hydrogen peroxide in them to open the cuticle and allow the color inside the hair shaft. This type of color is great for going darker, brighter, adding shine and for hiding and blending small amounts of grey. However, although demi-permanents will not lighten hair like permanent color, caution should taken because with prolonged use color build up in the hair results in the color not washing away, making it permanent in nature and leading to regrowth problems. (thehairstyler.com)
Henna Color: Henna is a plant that contains a deep red dye used as a natural form of hair coloring. The active component in henna is lawsone, which binds itself to keratin (human hair protein) and washes away after several months- making it a semi-permanent color. Variations to the deep red color can be found as a result of mixing ingredients from other plants and vegetables, and even synthetic dyes. Sometimes, however, these synthetic dyes can cause some damage to the hair shaft. You need to be aware of how using henna can cause problems later when trying to perm or perform other chemical procedures on the hair. (thehairstyler.com)
L'Oreal: L'Oreal is the world's largest cosmetics and beauty company and has its head office in Paris, France. It specializes in hair color amongst other things, but it was actually its invention of permanent hair color that began this mighty empire. In 1907 a French chemist, Eugene Schueller, developed an innovative hair color formula that chemically made hair color permanent. This the beginning of the L'Oreal company which in 2007 was listed as having 63,360 employees and a revenue of 17.06 billion Euros!! (thehairstyler.com)
Permanent Hair Color: A permanent hair color employs chemicals to artificially change, delete, or counteract the natural pigment in the cortex layer of the hair shaft. This is done when dyes and bleaches are turned on by mixing them with an activator (generally peroxide) and sometimes heat, to open the cuticle and then allow the chemical changes to take place. The results are permanent changes that do not revert back to the original, however the roots of the hair grow back unchanged (regrowth). (thehairstyler.com)
Semi-Permanent Hair Color: Semi-permanent hair color is a color formula that deposits itself mainly on the cuticle layer of the hair, but it will also penetrate deeper into the cortex. This type of color cannot lighten hair and is generally used to add depth, change color tone, brighten the hair and camouflage small amounts of grey. The color fades away with each shampoo, meaning it lasts between 6-8 shampoos, and it can be found in various forms including, mousses, gels, crèmes and liquids. (thehairstyler.com)
Tints: Tinting is the process of mixing artificial color with a developer and applying it to the hair, causing permanent color change. The tint itself is made up of color molecules that go into the cortex and, with a little help from the peroxide activator, redeposits color after de-colorization has occurred. Tinting is a permanent process that requires careful thought and planning from a qualified colorist that understands the boundaries of what is achievable and best for your hair. (thehairstyler.com)
permanent dye = رنگ موهای دائمی

demi permanent = شبه دائمی

permanent dyes = رنگ موهای دائمی

Permanent wave = فرکننده های شیمیایی

Keratin: Protein from the ground-up horns, hooves, feathers, quills, and hair of various animals. In hair rinses, shampoos, permanent wave solutions. Alternatives: almond oil, soy protein, amla oil (from the fruit of an Indian tree), human hair from salons. Rosemary and nettle give body and strand strength to hair. (peta.org)
Oleic Acid: Obtained from various animal and vegetable fats and oils. Usually obtained commercially from inedible tallow. (See Tallow.) In foods, soft soap, bar soap, permanent wave solutions, creams, nail polish, lipsticks, many other skin preparations. Derivatives: Oleyl Oleate, Oleyl Stearate. Alternatives: coconut oil. (See alternatives to Animal Fats and Oils.) (peta.org)
semi-permanent = نیمه دائمی

Henna Color: Henna is a plant that contains a deep red dye used as a natural form of hair coloring. The active component in henna is lawsone, which binds itself to keratin (human hair protein) and washes away after several months- making it a semi-permanent color. Variations to the deep red color can be found as a result of mixing ingredients from other plants and vegetables, and even synthetic dyes. Sometimes, however, these synthetic dyes can cause some damage to the hair shaft. You need to be aware of how using henna can cause problems later when trying to perm or perform other chemical procedures on the hair. (thehairstyler.com)
Semi-Permanent Hair Color: Semi-permanent hair color is a color formula that deposits itself mainly on the cuticle layer of the hair, but it will also penetrate deeper into the cortex. This type of color cannot lighten hair and is generally used to add depth, change color tone, brighten the hair and camouflage small amounts of grey. The color fades away with each shampoo, meaning it lasts between 6-8 shampoos, and it can be found in various forms including, mousses, gels, crèmes and liquids. (thehairstyler.com)
semi-permanent dye = رنگ موهای شبه دائمی

Demi-Permanent Color = رنگ های شبه دائمی

Demi-Permanent Color: A demi-permanent is a wash-out color that lasts around 20-25 shampoos. Demi-permanents do have low levels of hydrogen peroxide in them to open the cuticle and allow the color inside the hair shaft. This type of color is great for going darker, brighter, adding shine and for hiding and blending small amounts of grey. However, although demi-permanents will not lighten hair like permanent color, caution should taken because with prolonged use color build up in the hair results in the color not washing away, making it permanent in nature and leading to regrowth problems. (thehairstyler.com)
Spot (more permanent) = لک نقطه ای (دائمی تر)

Semi-Permanent Hair Color = رنگ موی نیمه دائمی

Semi-Permanent Hair Color: Semi-permanent hair color is a color formula that deposits itself mainly on the cuticle layer of the hair, but it will also penetrate deeper into the cortex. This type of color cannot lighten hair and is generally used to add depth, change color tone, brighten the hair and camouflage small amounts of grey. The color fades away with each shampoo, meaning it lasts between 6-8 shampoos, and it can be found in various forms including, mousses, gels, crèmes and liquids. (thehairstyler.com)
Permanent Hair Color, permanent dye = رنگ موی دائمی

املاح = Minerals
minerals = مواد معدنی

APHANIZOMENON FLOS AQUAE — Blue Green Algae. Made up of 50% to 70% utilizable protein, blue green algae is an excellent food, used for thousands of years for its mild taste and easily assimilated nutrients. A good source of enzymes, minerals, trace minerals and antioxidants, its amino acid profile is virtually identical to that of humans, which makes it more readily absorbed by the skin. Used in hair care products for its protein content, it helps revitalize and condition dull, damaged hair. (INCI dictionary)
CHENOPODIUM QUINOA — Quinoa Protein. One of the most complete plant proteins, high in vitamins, minerals and the sulfur- containing amino acids cystine and cysteine, excellent nutrients for the hair, scalp and skin. A fixative in hair styling products, it smoothes layers in the hair’s cuticle to strengthen hair fiber, reduce frizzing and enhance shine. Used in anti-aging creams and facial masks, it firms and nourishes the skin for a more youthful appearance. CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA — Chlorella. Made up of over 60% protein, this green micro-algae contains all the essential amino acids, and is high in chlorophyll and vitamin B. An excellent nutrient, often used as a skin hydrator. (INCI dictionary)
FUCUS VESICULOSUS EXTRACT — Bladderwrack. Seaweed rich in alginic acid, amino acids, polysaccharides, minerals and vitamins. Its essential oil is a stimulant and tonic. It is often used in massage lotions and some hair and scalp care products. (INCI dictionary)
LINUM USITATISSIMUM SEED OIL — Flaxseed Oil. Emollient and anti-inflammatory, high in essential fatty acids, B vitamins, protein and minerals.Very nourishing to dry hair and skin, whether tak- en internally or applied topically. (INCI dictionary)
MEDICAGO SATIVA — Alfalfa Extract. Natural cleanser and mild exfoliant high in vitamins A, B, C, D and E, and minerals. Used in face masks, bath oils, creams, and lotions, alfalfa is also rich in protein, which makes it an excellent ingredient for hair care products. Contains saponins (natural foaming agents). (INCI dictionary)
MONTMORILLONITE — Green Clay. Commonly known as French green clay, rich in minerals and other nutrients. Used in deep-cleansing face masks to draw out impurities and balance and clear the skin. (INCI dictionary)
ROYAL JELLY — Substance secreted in the digestive tube of worker bees. A powerful nutrient high in amino acids, minerals and vitamins A, B, C and E.Very soothing and moisturizing to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM PHYTATE — The complex sodium salt of phytic acid, derived from the seeds of cereal grains, legumes and nuts. A natural chelating agent, it is used in shampoos to bind to minerals and impurities in the hair, allowing hair to rinse clean. Used to boost our new preser vative system. (INCI dictionary)
URTICA DIOICA — Nettle, Stinging Nettle. Excellent tonic and astringent, rich in phosphates and trace minerals. Promotes circulation to the skin and scalp and is said to stimulate hair growth, especially when combined with horsetail and coltsfoot. Its high silica and sulfur content make it very nourishing to the hair and scalp, and an excellent addition to products for thinning hair. (INCI dictionary)

بدخیم = Malignant
Malignant = بدخیم، تومور بدخیم، تکثیر غیر طبیعی و غیر قابل کنترل تومور که به سیستم دفاعی بدن غلبه می کند

malignant melanoma = ملانوم بدخیم

کافتن = Scavenge
scavenge = کافتن، زدودن

VITIS VINIFERA EXTRACT — Grape Seed Extract. One of the most powerful antioxidants around, high in proanthocyani- dins, a group of bioflavonoids superior to most because they are water-soluble and much more easily assimilated by the body. A hard-working free radical scavenger, it prevents skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pollution. (INCI dictionary)
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: A powerful antioxidant that protects skin from free radical damage that causes premature aging. The polyphenols in green tea act as free radical scavengers soaking up these unstable molecules before they can damage the collagen layer. Green tea extract has also been shown to soothe, heal and calm irritated skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
OXIDO REDUCTASES: Oxido Reductases is a powerful antioxidant agent that helps to reduce the oxidation process that can lead to premature aging. Oxido Reductases acts as a free radical scavenger, neutralizing free radical molecules in the skin that can lead to collagen/elastin damage. Oxido Reductases has also been shown to have skin lightening properties. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
free radical scavenger = از بین برنده رادیکال آزاد 

VITIS VINIFERA EXTRACT — Grape Seed Extract. One of the most powerful antioxidants around, high in proanthocyani- dins, a group of bioflavonoids superior to most because they are water-soluble and much more easily assimilated by the body. A hard-working free radical scavenger, it prevents skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pollution. (INCI dictionary)
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: A powerful antioxidant that protects skin from free radical damage that causes premature aging. The polyphenols in green tea act as free radical scavengers soaking up these unstable molecules before they can damage the collagen layer. Green tea extract has also been shown to soothe, heal and calm irritated skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
OXIDO REDUCTASES: Oxido Reductases is a powerful antioxidant agent that helps to reduce the oxidation process that can lead to premature aging. Oxido Reductases acts as a free radical scavenger, neutralizing free radical molecules in the skin that can lead to collagen/elastin damage. Oxido Reductases has also been shown to have skin lightening properties. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
radical scavenger properties = خواص رادیکال کافتی

آکورد = Accord
ACCORD = آکورد، به مخلوط دو یا تعداد بیشتری ماده که زمینه بویایی یکسان دارند، آکورد گفته می شود. (کتاب دانستنی های عطر تالیف احسان حسنانی)

According to The Washington Post, American hair loss sufferers spend more than (Capixyl)
Accord: In the same way you hold down several notes in music to create a chord that has a unique sound, in perfume, an accord is a scent made up of several perfume notes, or ingredients, that blend together to form a distinct fragrance. For example, the classic accord in the chypre perfume category is bergamot, labdanum, and oakmoss. (intothegloss.com)
Amber: There is no amber ingredient in the wild. It’s an accord created with perfume notes such as labdanum, vanilla, and balsams such as benzoin and Tolu Balsam, which are sweet, warm resins that both come from tree barks. Amber is the cornerstone accord of Oriental fragrances. (intothegloss.com)
Chypre: The French word for the Greek island of Cyprus. Its classic accord features a citrus top note, such as bergamot, contrasting with a mossy base of, most importantly, oakmoss. The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) is considering banning or severely limiting the use of oakmoss and tree mosses in scents due to their alleged allergenic properties, which has perfume lovers up in arms. Christian Dior Diorella is a chypre. (intothegloss.com)
Cuir: Pronounced “queer,” cuir is the French word for leather. Leather perfumes are made with accords constructed from various perfume notes including birch tar, styrax, castoreum, myrtle, cade, and a variety of synthetic arochemicals. Chanel Cuir de Russie is a classic leather perfume. (intothegloss.com)
Note: A perfume term that basically means ingredient. Sometimes a note refers to actual discrete ingredients such as rose and orange blossom. Other times, it’s loosely used where “accord” would be more accurate, especially when perfume copywriters get extravagant and include notes such as “angel skin” in the list of ingredients. (intothegloss.com)
ACCORD: The basic character of a fragrance. Perfume accords are a balanced blend of three or four notes which create a completely new, unified odor impression. (fragrance.org)
HARMONIOUS: Order, accord and unity in fragrance. (fragrance.org)
MIDDLE NOTES: The middle or “heart” notes make up a main blend of a fragrance that classifies the fragrance family or accord. It usually takes from ten to twenty minutes for the middle notes to fully develop on the skin. (fragrance.org)
Witch hazel is a small tree known for its softening, soothing properties. When formulating their family toiletry range, Yves Rocher Vegetal Biology Laboratories selected an organic witch hazel extract, obtained according to special rules of cultivation and extraction designed to deliver its properties intact. (yvesrocher.ca)
ACCORD, The basic character of a fragrance. Perfume accords are a balanced blend of three or four notes which create a completely new, unified odor impression. = آكورد، كاراكتر ویژه یك عطر. آكوردهای عطر مخلوط متعادل شده‌ای از سه تا چهار نوت هستند كه یك بوی كاملاً جدید و یكنواخت شده ایجاد می‌کنند و با هم به تعادل رسیده‌اند.

موچسب = American Ivy
American Ivy, Parthenocissus quniquefolia = موچسب، عشقه آمریکایی، پاپیتال

بلاذر = Cashew
Cashew, Anacardium occidentale = بلاذر، بلادر، بادام هندی، کاشو

Cashew nut, cassuvium pomiferum = بادام هندی، کاشو

کاسنی = Chicory
Chicory, Cichorium intybus = کاسنی، هندیبه، چیکوری

دکلته = Decolletage

وراثت = Hierarchy

میگرن = Migraines
migraines = میگرن

پاپول = Papule
papule = پاپول، نوعی جوش پوست

papules = پاپول ها

Inflammatory papule/pustule = التهابی (پاپول و پوستول)

papule is small elevated pimple = پاپول به جوش های کمی برجسته گفته می شود

tubercle = abnormal lump similar to papule = برامدگی زگیل مانند = برآمدگی غیرعادی شبیه پاپول

جعفری = Parsley
Parsley, Petroselinum crispum = جعفری

گلبرگ = Petal

هلیله = Tropical Almond
Tropical Almond, Terminalia chebula = هلیله، بادام گرمسیری

تومور = Tumor
Tumor, Neoplasm = نئوپلاسم، تومور، ضایعه ای که با رشد بیش از حد بافت بدن تظاهر می یابد
nodules are smaller tumors = ندول

بد بو = Odoriferous
odoriferous = بد بو

ODORIFEROUS: Emitting an odor. (fragrance.org)
RECEPTOR CELL: Located in the olfactory epithelium, each cell has microscopic hairs (cilia) extending into the mucus. Odoriferous substances are thought to bind chemically to specific sites on these cilia. This chemical event is translated into an electrical message that is transmitted along the olfactory nerves to the olfactory bulb. (fragrance.org)

آکتین = Actin
actin = آکتین، رشته های ماهیچه ای که به ماهیچه قابلیت کشش می دهند.
actinic = آکتینیک، مربوط به آن بخشی از اشعه طیف مرئی که فعالیت شیمیایی دارد.
actinic ray = پرتوهای نامرئی که ایجاد واکنش شیمیایی می کنند، پرتوهای با طول موج بالاتر از طیف بنفش که قادر به ایجاد تغییرات شیمیایی می باشند.
actinic aging = پیری در اثر پرتوهای شیمیایی
actinotherapy = درمان بیماری ها با استفاده از نور خورشید، اشعه ایکس و پرتوهای فرابنفش
actinodermatitis = درماتیت ایجاد شده در اثر مواجهه بیش از حد با نور آفتاب، پرتوهای آکتینیک و اشعه ایکس
actinic dermatosis = بیماری التهابی پوست که در اثر تابش شدید نور آفتاب ایجاد می شود و می تواند اگزمایی شود.
constantly reacting = پوستی که دائما واکنش نشان می دهد
Slow acting but effective antacid = ضد اسيد مؤثر ولي با اثر كُند
legislation, process of making or enacting laws = قانونگذاری
organoleptic, acting on or involving the use of the sense organs. = ارگانولپتیک، مربوط به اندام های حسی و ادارکی

آئروب = Aerobe
aerobe = میکروارگانیسمی که می تواند فقط در حضور اکسیژن زنده بماند.

تخفیف = Discount

تلالو = Glitter
Glitter = درخشش، درخشندگی

glitters, tiny pieces of sparkling material used for decoration = اکلیل، ذرات اکلیلی، ذرات کوچکی که برای تزئین استفاده می شوند.

کش مو = Hair Ties
hair ties = کش مو

همگن  = Homogenous
homogenous = همگن 

مانکن = Mannequin
mannequin = مانکن

ریپرس = Repress
repress = ریپرس کردن، کاهش دادن 

صلبیت = Rigidity
rigidity = صلبیت، سختی

حساس  = Sensitive
sensitive = حساس 

AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM — Horse Chestnut. Anti- inflammatory, anti-irritant and mild astringent that helps stimulate circulation to the skin. Often found in massage lotions, and in products for sensitive skin for its sedative properties. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary) 
شاه بلوط هندي: ضدالتهاب، ضدتحريك و قابض ملايم كه به افزايش گردش خون مويرگي در پوست كمك مي كند. اغلب در لوسيون هاي ماساژ و در محصولات پوست حساس استفاده مي شود ؛ چرا كه خاصيت آرامبخش و سداتيو دارد. حاوي ساپونين ها مي باشد.
ASTER TRIPOLIUM — Sea Aster. Soothing agent clinically proven to reduce redness and sensitivity on the skin when used twice daily for 28 days. An excellent addition to calming formulas for sensitive complexions. (INCI dictionary)
COMMIPHORA MYRRHA — Myrrh. A superb moisturizer and freshener with skin-regenerating proper ties. Ideal for sensitive skin. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
EUGENIA CARYOPHYLLUS FLOWER OIL — Clove Oil. Soothing agent and antiseptic. Herbalists often recommend this fragrant herb for sensitive teeth and gums. (INCI dictionary)
LAURYL GLUCOSIDE — A surfactant and foaming agent naturally derived from coconut/beet sugar. It has excellent lathering capabilities and conditioning properties, and is very gentle on the hair and skin. It can be used alongside other glucosides to enhance the foam and increase the conditioning action of a product. Because it is a non-irritant, it is often used in preparations for sensitive skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA FLOWER WATER — Lavender Water. A byproduct of the distillation of lavender flowers, this hy- drosol or floral water is a natural hydrating and soothing agent. An anti-irritant and antiseptic, it is an excellent ingredient in facial cleans- ers, toners and lotions for sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
MELISSA OFFICINALIS — Balm Mint. Very mild extract, ideal for sensitive skin and skin prone to rashes and other allergic reactions. An anti-irritant and sedative, it soothes and calms the skin and scalp and promotes healing. (INCI dictionary)
ROSA DAMASCENA FLOWER DISTILLATE — Rosewater. A byproduct of the distillation of fresh rose petals, this hydrosol or floral water is a natural hydrator and anti-irritant. Used in cosmetics since the 10th century, it is an excellent soothing agent for dry, sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
SALVIA OFFICINALIS — Sage Oil. A purifier and tonic, its an- tibacterial action makes it ideal for sensitive skin or scalp and an- tidandruff preparations. It is often combined with rosemar y in hair and skin care products and, like rosemar y, it has antioxidant prop- er ties and is very beneficial to the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
SPIRAEA ULMARIA — Meadowsweet. Also known as Lady of the Meadow and Meadow Queen, it was considered a sacred plant by the Druids. Used in cosmetics for sensitive skin for its mild, tonic effect. (INCI dictionary)
VIOLA ODORATA — Violet. Analgesic and soothing agent very beneficial to sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
VISCUM ALBUM — Mistletoe. An anti-irritant, known for its soothing proper ties on sensitive skin. It is often combined with fennel, hops, chamomile, balm mint and yarrow in skin formulations. (INCI dictionary)
When BTX is injected into a target tissue like a muscle or into the skin for anhidrotic effects, the heavy chain of the molecule binds to glycoproteins expressed specifically on cholinergic nerve endings. After internalization of the whole molecule by pinocytosis, the chains are cleaved within the cytoplasm. The light chain binds with high specificity to the soluble N- ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion (SNARE) attachment protein receptors essential for exocytosis. SNARE is involved in transportation of acetylcholine from the cytosol into the synaptic cleft. It consists of a vesicle-associated protein (VAMP or v-SNARE, also known as synaptobrevin) and two target (t-SNARE) proteins: plasma membrane synaptosome associated protein (SNAP-25) and syntaxin. Recent studies have shown that the light chain exerts a multi-site substrate binding imparting the protease with exquisite specificity. (J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2008 Jan; 1(1): 3–6.)
sensitive skin = پوست حساس

AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM — Horse Chestnut. Anti- inflammatory, anti-irritant and mild astringent that helps stimulate circulation to the skin. Often found in massage lotions, and in products for sensitive skin for its sedative properties. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary) 
شاه بلوط هندي: ضدالتهاب، ضدتحريك و قابض ملايم كه به افزايش گردش خون مويرگي در پوست كمك مي كند. اغلب در لوسيون هاي ماساژ و در محصولات پوست حساس استفاده مي شود ؛ چرا كه خاصيت آرامبخش و سداتيو دارد. حاوي ساپونين ها مي باشد.
COMMIPHORA MYRRHA — Myrrh. A superb moisturizer and freshener with skin-regenerating proper ties. Ideal for sensitive skin. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
LAURYL GLUCOSIDE — A surfactant and foaming agent naturally derived from coconut/beet sugar. It has excellent lathering capabilities and conditioning properties, and is very gentle on the hair and skin. It can be used alongside other glucosides to enhance the foam and increase the conditioning action of a product. Because it is a non-irritant, it is often used in preparations for sensitive skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA FLOWER WATER — Lavender Water. A byproduct of the distillation of lavender flowers, this hy- drosol or floral water is a natural hydrating and soothing agent. An anti-irritant and antiseptic, it is an excellent ingredient in facial cleans- ers, toners and lotions for sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
MELISSA OFFICINALIS — Balm Mint. Very mild extract, ideal for sensitive skin and skin prone to rashes and other allergic reactions. An anti-irritant and sedative, it soothes and calms the skin and scalp and promotes healing. (INCI dictionary)
ROSA DAMASCENA FLOWER DISTILLATE — Rosewater. A byproduct of the distillation of fresh rose petals, this hydrosol or floral water is a natural hydrator and anti-irritant. Used in cosmetics since the 10th century, it is an excellent soothing agent for dry, sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
SALVIA OFFICINALIS — Sage Oil. A purifier and tonic, its an- tibacterial action makes it ideal for sensitive skin or scalp and an- tidandruff preparations. It is often combined with rosemar y in hair and skin care products and, like rosemar y, it has antioxidant prop- er ties and is very beneficial to the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
SPIRAEA ULMARIA — Meadowsweet. Also known as Lady of the Meadow and Meadow Queen, it was considered a sacred plant by the Druids. Used in cosmetics for sensitive skin for its mild, tonic effect. (INCI dictionary)
VIOLA ODORATA — Violet. Analgesic and soothing agent very beneficial to sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
VISCUM ALBUM — Mistletoe. An anti-irritant, known for its soothing proper ties on sensitive skin. It is often combined with fennel, hops, chamomile, balm mint and yarrow in skin formulations. (INCI dictionary)
sensitive skin = پوست حساس

AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM — Horse Chestnut. Anti- inflammatory, anti-irritant and mild astringent that helps stimulate circulation to the skin. Often found in massage lotions, and in products for sensitive skin for its sedative properties. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary) 
شاه بلوط هندي: ضدالتهاب، ضدتحريك و قابض ملايم كه به افزايش گردش خون مويرگي در پوست كمك مي كند. اغلب در لوسيون هاي ماساژ و در محصولات پوست حساس استفاده مي شود ؛ چرا كه خاصيت آرامبخش و سداتيو دارد. حاوي ساپونين ها مي باشد.
COMMIPHORA MYRRHA — Myrrh. A superb moisturizer and freshener with skin-regenerating proper ties. Ideal for sensitive skin. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
LAURYL GLUCOSIDE — A surfactant and foaming agent naturally derived from coconut/beet sugar. It has excellent lathering capabilities and conditioning properties, and is very gentle on the hair and skin. It can be used alongside other glucosides to enhance the foam and increase the conditioning action of a product. Because it is a non-irritant, it is often used in preparations for sensitive skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA FLOWER WATER — Lavender Water. A byproduct of the distillation of lavender flowers, this hy- drosol or floral water is a natural hydrating and soothing agent. An anti-irritant and antiseptic, it is an excellent ingredient in facial cleans- ers, toners and lotions for sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
MELISSA OFFICINALIS — Balm Mint. Very mild extract, ideal for sensitive skin and skin prone to rashes and other allergic reactions. An anti-irritant and sedative, it soothes and calms the skin and scalp and promotes healing. (INCI dictionary)
ROSA DAMASCENA FLOWER DISTILLATE — Rosewater. A byproduct of the distillation of fresh rose petals, this hydrosol or floral water is a natural hydrator and anti-irritant. Used in cosmetics since the 10th century, it is an excellent soothing agent for dry, sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
SALVIA OFFICINALIS — Sage Oil. A purifier and tonic, its an- tibacterial action makes it ideal for sensitive skin or scalp and an- tidandruff preparations. It is often combined with rosemar y in hair and skin care products and, like rosemar y, it has antioxidant prop- er ties and is very beneficial to the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
SPIRAEA ULMARIA — Meadowsweet. Also known as Lady of the Meadow and Meadow Queen, it was considered a sacred plant by the Druids. Used in cosmetics for sensitive skin for its mild, tonic effect. (INCI dictionary)
VIOLA ODORATA — Violet. Analgesic and soothing agent very beneficial to sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
VISCUM ALBUM — Mistletoe. An anti-irritant, known for its soothing proper ties on sensitive skin. It is often combined with fennel, hops, chamomile, balm mint and yarrow in skin formulations. (INCI dictionary)
Sensitive scalp = پوست سر حساس

non shear sensitive = عدم حساسیت به تنش

hormone sensitive lipase, HSL = لیپاز حساس به هورمون

hypersensitive skin of babies = پوست فوق حساس کودکان

sensitive and reactive skin care = مراقبت از پوست حساس و واکنش پذیر

on the condition that the emulsion is not shear sensitive = به شرطی که امولسیون نسبت به تنش حساس نباشد.

Radioimmunoassay (RIA), a very sensitive in vitro assay technique used to measure concentrations of antigens (for example, hormone levels in blood) by use of antibodies. = آزمون رادیوایمیونو اَسِی، یك آزمون اینویتروی بسیار حساس برای اندازه گیری آنتی ژنها (مثلا سطح هورمونهای خون

Alcohol-free toners can be sprayed on the face and are best suitable for dry and sensitive skin types = تونرهای بدون الکل را می توان روی صورت اسپری کرد. این تونرها برای پوست های خشک و حساس بیشترین سازگاری را دارند

Cleansing milks are non-foaming lotions designed to cleanse dry and sensitive skin types = شیرپاک کن ها یا شیرهای کلنزر لوسیون های غیر کف زا هستند که برای تمیز کردن پوست خشک و حساس طراحی شده اند

Sensitive skin is characterized by thinned, redness prone, and it is easily inflamed by skincare products = پوست حساس معمولا نازک است، مستعد قرمزی است، در اثر مصرف محصولات مراقبت از پوست به راحتی ملتهب می شود

تانین = Tannin
tanning = برنزه کردن

FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
LEATHER: Fragrance type and odor resembling the sweet, pungent smokiness characteristic of the ingredients used in the tanning process of leathers. (fragrance.org)
Self-tanning = برنزه كننده خودكار، اتو برنزه كننده

tanning mitt = لیف برنزه کردن

tanning lotion = لوسیون برنزه کننده

LEATHER, Fragrance type and odor resembling the sweet, pungent smokiness characteristic of the ingredients used in the tanning process of leathers. = چرمی: عطرهایی كه بوی مشابه تركیبات شیرین، نافذ، دودی مورد استفاده در پروسه دباغی چرم دارند.

first sunless tanning lotion was introduced in 1960 = اولین لوسیون برنزه کننده بدون آفتاب در سال 1960 معرفی شد

self-tanning routine = روتین برنزه کردن پوست

tanning mouse = موس برنزه کننده، کف برنزه کننده

مشتری = Client
client = مشتری

Colorist: A colorist is a person that has been trained (usually an advanced color course) in all aspects of hair coloring and hair chemical science- meaning they have a thorough understanding and knowledge of how and why hair color works. A colorist generally does the color consulting and sometimes application work for all salon clients, leaving cutting and styling to other members of the team. (thehairstyler.com)
Hair Color Swatch: A hair color swatch is a small clump of hair that has been colored to a particular shade and reflect (tone) and then placed in a color chart with other swatches so that hair colorists and their clients can visualize hair color changes. Note: the color you see is not necessarily what you get! (thehairstyler.com)
clients with pacemakers = مشتری هایی که باطری قلب دارند

A contra indication is a condition that client has or a treatment that client is undergoing that may cause a negative side effect during a facial treatment = کنتراندیکاسیون به شرایطی گفته می شود که مشتری دارد یا درمانی که بیمار تحت آن است که در آن شرایط یا بیماری می تواند اقدام فیشال را با عوارض جانبی مواجه کند

And contra indications that client may have = کنترا اندیکاسیون هایی که مشتری می تواند داشته باشد

دیابت = Diabetes
diabetes = دیابت

تشخیص = Diagnosis
diagnosis = تشخیص

differential diagnosis = تشخیص افتراقی

اکزما = Eczema Is A Skin Inflammation
eczema is a skin inflammation = اکزما یک نوع التهاب پوستی است

فرکسل = Fraxel
fraxel = لیزر فرکسل

ژل ها = Gels
gels = ژل ها
elastomeric gels = ژل های الاستومریک: پرایمرها عمدتا شامل سیلیکون ها و ژل های الاستومریک هستند

ژنتیک = Genetics
genetics = ژنتیک

خط مو = Hairline
Hairline = خط مو

خط فک = Jawline
jawline = خط فک

پلاژن = Pollagen
pollagen = دستگاه پلاژن که در اتاق پوست استفاده می شود

روتین = Routin
routin = روتین

self-tanning routine = روتین برنزه کردن پوست

کف پا = Sole Of The Foot

علائم = Symptoms
symptoms = علائم و نشانه های بیماری

Estrogen Estradiol: Female hormones from pregnant mares’ urine. Considered a drug. Can have harmful systemic effects if used by children. Used for reproductive problems and in birth control pills and Premarin, a menopausal drug. In creams, perfumes, and lotions. Has a negligible effect in the creams as a skin restorative; simple vegetable-source emollients are considered better. Alternatives: oral contraceptives and menopausal drugs based on synthetic steroids or phytoestrogens (from plants, especially palm-kernel oil). Menopausal symptoms can also be treated with diet and herbs. (peta.org)
Symptoms /ˈsɪm(p)təm/ = علائم

trigger symptoms: diet, stress, smoking = ماشه چکان های علائم مثل رژیم غذایی، استرس، سیگار

medication to relieve / alleviate symptoms = داروهایی که علائم را تسکین می دهند

dryness is a trigger for psoriasis symptoms = خشکی پوست یکی از ماشه چکان های علائم پسوریازیس است

relieves the symptoms of eczema and dermatitis = علائم اگزما و درماتیت را تسکین می دهد

آتروفی = Atrophy
atrophy, gradually decline in effectiveness or vigour due to underuse or neglect, partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body = آتروفی، کاهش تدریجی اثربخشی و استقامت یکی از اعضای بدن معمولا در اثر کم کاری، از بین رفتن تدریجی یکی از قسمت های بدن به صورت جزئی یا کلی

atrophy = آرتوفی، ضعیف و نازک شدن پوست

آفت کش = Pesticides
pesticides = حشره کش

pesticides, toxic substances released intentionally into our environment to kill living things = آفت کش، مواد شیمیایی سمی که عمداً به محیط اضافه می شود تا موجودات زنده مزاحم را از بین ببرند

شامپو = Shampoo
shampoo = شامپو

SAPONINS (GLYCOSIDES) — Substances found in nature that foam readily in water, used as foam boosters, emulsifiers and mild cleansing agents in natural shampoos. Examples: quillaya, yucca, soapwort. Soaping agents with proper ties similar to plant glycosides can be made from coconut fatty alcohols and cornstarch glucose. Example: coconut/corn oil soap. (INCI dictionary) 
ساپونين ها (گليكوزيدها) موادي كه در طبيعت يافت مي شوند و خيلي سريع و راحت در آب كف مي كنند. به عنوان تقويت كننده كف استفاده مي شوند. امولسيون ساز بوده و خاصيت پاك كنندگي ملايم در شامپوها دارند. مثال ها: كوئيلايا يا كوئيلاجا، يوكا، گياه صابوني يا وارت صابوني. تركيبات صابوني كه ساختاري مشابه با گليكوزيدهاي گياهي دارد مي توانند از الكل هاي چرب نارگيل و گلوكز نشاسته ذرت به دست بيايد. مثال: صابون هاي روغن ذرت و نارگيل
SURFACTANTS — Surface active agents responsible for wetting, dispersion and emulsification. Wetting enhances the spreading and penetrating ability of a liquid, which in turn improves the cleaning ability of water.There are three basic types of surfactants commonly used in shampoo formulas: detergents, soaps and glycosides. (INCI dictionary) 
سورفكتانت ها : مواد فعال سطحي كه مسئول خيس كردن، پراكندن و امولسيون كردن مي باشند. خيس كردن به فرايندي گفته مي شود كه در آن پخش شوندگي و نفوذ يك مايع افزايش مي يابد و به تبع آن پاك كنندگي آب بيشتر مي شود. سه نوع سورفكتانت رايج در فرمولاسيون شامپو وجود دارد: دترجنت ها، صابون ها و گليكوزيدها.آ
CAMELLIA SINENSIS LEAF EXTRACT, LEAF POWDER Green Tea. The benefits of green tea to the skin have been widely documented. This powerful antioxidant (20 times stronger than vi- tamin E) inhibits the formation of cancer-causing free radicals and helps prevent skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pol- lution. An impor tant ingredient in sun care products, as well as in creams, lotions, shampoos and conditioners. An anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant, it is high in xanthines, very soothing and moisturiz- ing to both hair and skin. Powdered Matcha green tea from Japan is the finest. (INCI dictionary)
CITRIC ACID — Extract from citrus fruits used as a natural pH adjuster in cosmetics.Added to shampoos, it acts as a chelating agent, binding to chlorine and iron (from hard water) and removing them from the hair. (INCI dictionary) 
سيتريك اسيد: عصاره به دست آمده از ميوه هاي مركبات كه براي تنظيم pH به محصولات كازمتيك اضافه مي شود. از سيتريك اسيد در شامپو به عنوان شلات كننده براي اتصال كلر و آهن و خارج كردن آن از آب سخت استفاده مي شود. به اين ترتيب اين مواد روي موها رسوب نمي كند.
COCO-GLUCOSIDE — Natural cleansing and foaming agent made from coconut oil and corn sugar, which helps increase the lathering action in shampoos and liquid soaps. This mild, natural de- tergent has a similar composition to saponins (plant glycosides) ob- tained from soap bark (quillaya) and yucca root. (INCI dictionary)
DECYL GLUCOSIDE — Natural cleansing and foaming agent made from coconut/corn sugar and used in shampoos and liquid soaps for its mild lathering proper ties. See also Coco-glucoside. (INCI dictionary)
EGG OIL — The extract from whole eggs, rich in natural emulsifiers. An excellent emollient and humectant featured in shampoos, rinses and conditioners for dry or damaged hair. In skin care products, it improves texture and soothes and hydrates without clogging pores. (INCI dictionary)
HEDERA HELIX — Ivy. Antifungal often found in massage lotions and anticellulite preparations for its skin-toning and firming prop- er ties. Contains malic acid, a natural fruit acid that encourages skin cell turnover. (See also Fruit Acids.) Also used in shampoos and hair products for dandruff and other scalp problems. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED CORN STARCH — Corn Syrup. Natural chelating agent added to shampoos to improve rinseability by binding to iron (from hard water) and chlorine and removing them from the hair. Also used as an emulsifier and humectant. (INCI dictionary)
LONICERA CAPRIFOLIUM, LONICERA JAPONICA — Honey suckle, Japanese Honeysuckle. An excellent cleanser and purifier used in facial creams, shampoos and soaps. The oil adds a pleasant, sweet fragrance to cosmetics. (INCI dictionary) 
پيچ امين الدوله يا پوني ساكل: تميزكننده عالي و پاك كننده عمقي مورد استفاده در كرم هاي صورت، شامپوها و صابون ها. اين ماده روغني معطر رايحه شيرين و دلپذيري به محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي مي دهد.
MELALEUCA ALTERNIFOLIA — Tea Tree Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic and germicidal properties, similar to eucalyptus oil. Due to its strong odor, it must be used in small amounts in cosmetics, but makes an excellent addition to dandruff shampoos and therapeutic masks and moisturizers. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن درخت چای: اسانس روغني با خاصيت آنتي سپتيك قدرتمند، ضدباكتري (جرمي سايد) شبيه روغن اوكاليپتوس. به علت رايحه شديد و قدرتمندش بايد تنها به ميزان اندكي در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي استفاده گردد. در شامپوهاي ضدشوره و ماسك هاي درماني و مرطوب كننده استفاده مي شود.
MENTHA PIPERITA — Peppermint Oil. Excellent antiseptic fre- quently used in shampoos and rinses for its toning effect on the scalp, and in bath oils for its warming/cooling proper ties on sore muscles. A natural anti-inflammator y, very soothing to the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
ORYZA SATIVA EXTRACT — Rice Extract. Natur al che- lating agent added to shampoos to improve r inseability by binding to iron (from hard water) and chlor ine and remov- ing them from the hair. Also used as an emulsifier and hu- mectant. (INCI dictionary)
SELENIUM — Micronutrient mineral with strong antioxidant proper ties, very soothing to the scalp. Included in shampoos and rinses for dandruff and other scalp problems, it helps remove build- up and keep scalp clear and healthy with continued use. Should be used in small amounts, as it can be irritating to the eyes. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM PHYTATE — The complex sodium salt of phytic acid, derived from the seeds of cereal grains, legumes and nuts. A natural chelating agent, it is used in shampoos to bind to minerals and impurities in the hair, allowing hair to rinse clean. Used to boost our new preser vative system. (INCI dictionary)
TRITICUM AESTIVUM — Wheatgrass. Anti-inflammatory used in the treatment of eczema and dermatitis. An ingredient in many preparations for problem skin, and in shampoos and hair condition- ers. Contains plant sterols. (INCI dictionary)
YUCCA SCHIDIGERA — Yucca Root. Mild, natural detergent used in shampoos and soaps for its foaming and purifying abilities. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
Nucleic Acids: In the nucleus of all living cells. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, conditioners, etc. Also in vitamins, supplements. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
Hydrolyzed Animal Protein: In cosmetics, especially shampoo and hair treatments. Alternatives: soy protein, other vegetable proteins, amla oil (see alternatives to Keratin). (peta.org)
Biotin Vitamin H Vitamin B Factor: In every living cell and in larger amounts in milk and yeast. Used as a texturizer in cosmetics, shampoos, and creams. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
Propolis: Tree sap gathered by bees and used as a sealant in beehives. In toothpaste, shampoo, deodorant, supplements, etc. Alternatives: tree sap, synthetics. (peta.org)
Amino Acids: The building blocks of protein in all animals and plants. In cosmetics, vitamins, supplements, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: synthetics, plant sources. (peta.org)
Milk Protein: Hydrolyzed milk protein. From the milk of cows. In cosmetics, shampoos, moisturizers, conditioners, etc. Alternatives: soy protein, other plant proteins. (peta.org)
Panthenol Dexpanthenol Vitamin B-Complex Factor Provitamin B-5: Can come from animal or plant sources or synthetics. In shampoos, supplements, emollients, etc. In foods. Derivative: Panthenyl. Alternatives: synthetics, plants. (peta.org)
Palmitic Acid: A fatty acid most commonly derived from palm oil but may be derived from animals as well. In shampoos, shaving soaps, creams. Derivatives: Palmitate, Palmitamine, Palmitamide. Alternatives: vegetable sources. (peta.org)
Cholesterol: A steroid alcohol in all animal fats and oils, nervous tissue, egg yolk, and blood. Can be derived from lanolin. In cosmetics, eye creams, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: solid complex alcohols (sterols) from plant sources. (peta.org)
Placenta Placenta Polypeptides Protein Afterbirth: Contains waste matter eliminated by the fetus. Derived from the uterus of slaughtered animals. Animal placenta is widely used in skin creams, shampoos, masks, etc. Alternatives: kelp. (See alternatives to Animal Fats and Oils.) (peta.org)
Guanine Pearl Essence: Obtained from scales of fish. Constituent of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid and found in all animal and plant tissues. In shampoo, nail polish, other cosmetics. Alternatives: leguminous plants, synthetic pearl, or aluminum and bronze particles. (peta.org)
Bee Pollen: Microsporic grains in seed plants gathered by bees then collected from the legs of bees. Causes allergic reactions in some people. In nutritional supplements, shampoos, toothpastes, deodorants. Alternatives: synthetics, plant amino acids, pollen collected from plants. (peta.org)
Keratin: Protein from the ground-up horns, hooves, feathers, quills, and hair of various animals. In hair rinses, shampoos, permanent wave solutions. Alternatives: almond oil, soy protein, amla oil (from the fruit of an Indian tree), human hair from salons. Rosemary and nettle give body and strand strength to hair. (peta.org)
Myristic Acid: Organic acid typically derived from nut oils but occasionally of animal origin. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristate. Alternatives: nut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc. (peta.org)
Urea Carbamide: Typically synthetic. When extracted from animals, it is excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. In deodorants, ammoniated dentifrices, mouthwashes, hair colorings, hand creams, lotions, shampoos, etc. Used to “brown” baked goods, such as pretzels. Derivatives: Imidazolidinyl Urea, Uric Acid. Alternatives: synthetics. (peta.org)
Spermaceti Cetyl Palmitate Sperm Oil: Waxy oil originally derived from the sperm whale’s head or from dolphins but now most often derived from petroleum. In many margarines. In skin creams, ointments, shampoos, candles, etc. Used in the leather industry. May become rancid and cause irritations. Alternatives: synthetic spermaceti, jojoba oil, and other vegetable emollients. (peta.org)
Stearyl Alcohol Sterols: A mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate. Alternatives: plant sources, vegetable stearic acid. (peta.org)
Lecithin Choline Bitartrate: Waxy substance in nervous tissue of all living organisms. But frequently obtained for commercial purposes from eggs and soybeans. Also from nerve tissue, blood, milk, corn. Choline bitartrate, the basic constituent of lecithin, is in many animal and plant tissues and prepared synthetically. Lecithin can be in eye creams, lipsticks, liquid powders, hand creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos, other cosmetics, and some medicines. Alternatives: soybean lecithin, synthetics. (peta.org)
Carmine Cochineal Carminic Acid: Red pigment from the crushed female cochineal insect. Reportedly, 70,000 beetles must be killed to produce one pound of this red dye. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, red apple sauce, and other foods (including red lollipops and food coloring). May cause allergic reaction. Alternatives: beet juice (used in powders, rouges, shampoos; no known toxicity), alkanet root (from the root of this herb-like tree; used as a red dye for inks, wines, lip balms, etc.; no known toxicity; can also be combined to make a copper or blue coloring). (See Colors.) (peta.org)
Gelatin Gel: Protein obtained by boiling skin, tendons, ligaments, and/or bones in water. From cows and pigs. Used in shampoos, face masks, and other cosmetics. Used as a thickener for fruit gelatins and puddings (e.g., Jell-O). In candies, marshmallows, cakes, ice cream, yogurts. On photographic film and in vitamins as a coating and as capsules. Sometimes used to assist in “clearing” wines. Alternatives: carrageen (carrageenan, Irish moss), seaweeds (algin, agar-agar, kelp—used in jellies, plastics, medicine), pectin from fruits, dextrins, locust bean gum, cotton gum, silica gel. Marshmallows were originally made from the root of the marshmallow plant. Vegetarian capsules are now available from several companies. Digital cameras don’t use film. (peta.org)
Demi-Permanent Color: A demi-permanent is a wash-out color that lasts around 20-25 shampoos. Demi-permanents do have low levels of hydrogen peroxide in them to open the cuticle and allow the color inside the hair shaft. This type of color is great for going darker, brighter, adding shine and for hiding and blending small amounts of grey. However, although demi-permanents will not lighten hair like permanent color, caution should taken because with prolonged use color build up in the hair results in the color not washing away, making it permanent in nature and leading to regrowth problems. (thehairstyler.com)
Semi-Permanent Hair Color: Semi-permanent hair color is a color formula that deposits itself mainly on the cuticle layer of the hair, but it will also penetrate deeper into the cortex. This type of color cannot lighten hair and is generally used to add depth, change color tone, brighten the hair and camouflage small amounts of grey. The color fades away with each shampoo, meaning it lasts between 6-8 shampoos, and it can be found in various forms including, mousses, gels, crèmes and liquids. (thehairstyler.com)
Temporary Hair Color: Temporary hair color comes in various forms including rinses, shampoos, gels, mousses and sprays. The color molecules are very large and can only sit on the hair's cuticle- therefore they don't penetrate into the hair- making the color only last 1 wash. Temporary hair colors are great for a quick, temporary and relatively safe makeover (in any case always consult your stylist first). Just remember they cannot lighten hair, but can only temporarily darken and brighten. (thehairstyler.com)
shampoos = شامپوها

SAPONINS (GLYCOSIDES) — Substances found in nature that foam readily in water, used as foam boosters, emulsifiers and mild cleansing agents in natural shampoos. Examples: quillaya, yucca, soapwort. Soaping agents with proper ties similar to plant glycosides can be made from coconut fatty alcohols and cornstarch glucose. Example: coconut/corn oil soap. (INCI dictionary) 
ساپونين ها (گليكوزيدها) موادي كه در طبيعت يافت مي شوند و خيلي سريع و راحت در آب كف مي كنند. به عنوان تقويت كننده كف استفاده مي شوند. امولسيون ساز بوده و خاصيت پاك كنندگي ملايم در شامپوها دارند. مثال ها: كوئيلايا يا كوئيلاجا، يوكا، گياه صابوني يا وارت صابوني. تركيبات صابوني كه ساختاري مشابه با گليكوزيدهاي گياهي دارد مي توانند از الكل هاي چرب نارگيل و گلوكز نشاسته ذرت به دست بيايد. مثال: صابون هاي روغن ذرت و نارگيل
CAMELLIA SINENSIS LEAF EXTRACT, LEAF POWDER Green Tea. The benefits of green tea to the skin have been widely documented. This powerful antioxidant (20 times stronger than vi- tamin E) inhibits the formation of cancer-causing free radicals and helps prevent skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pol- lution. An impor tant ingredient in sun care products, as well as in creams, lotions, shampoos and conditioners. An anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant, it is high in xanthines, very soothing and moisturiz- ing to both hair and skin. Powdered Matcha green tea from Japan is the finest. (INCI dictionary)
CITRIC ACID — Extract from citrus fruits used as a natural pH adjuster in cosmetics.Added to shampoos, it acts as a chelating agent, binding to chlorine and iron (from hard water) and removing them from the hair. (INCI dictionary) 
سيتريك اسيد: عصاره به دست آمده از ميوه هاي مركبات كه براي تنظيم pH به محصولات كازمتيك اضافه مي شود. از سيتريك اسيد در شامپو به عنوان شلات كننده براي اتصال كلر و آهن و خارج كردن آن از آب سخت استفاده مي شود. به اين ترتيب اين مواد روي موها رسوب نمي كند.
COCO-GLUCOSIDE — Natural cleansing and foaming agent made from coconut oil and corn sugar, which helps increase the lathering action in shampoos and liquid soaps. This mild, natural de- tergent has a similar composition to saponins (plant glycosides) ob- tained from soap bark (quillaya) and yucca root. (INCI dictionary)
DECYL GLUCOSIDE — Natural cleansing and foaming agent made from coconut/corn sugar and used in shampoos and liquid soaps for its mild lathering proper ties. See also Coco-glucoside. (INCI dictionary)
EGG OIL — The extract from whole eggs, rich in natural emulsifiers. An excellent emollient and humectant featured in shampoos, rinses and conditioners for dry or damaged hair. In skin care products, it improves texture and soothes and hydrates without clogging pores. (INCI dictionary)
HEDERA HELIX — Ivy. Antifungal often found in massage lotions and anticellulite preparations for its skin-toning and firming prop- er ties. Contains malic acid, a natural fruit acid that encourages skin cell turnover. (See also Fruit Acids.) Also used in shampoos and hair products for dandruff and other scalp problems. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED CORN STARCH — Corn Syrup. Natural chelating agent added to shampoos to improve rinseability by binding to iron (from hard water) and chlorine and removing them from the hair. Also used as an emulsifier and humectant. (INCI dictionary)
LONICERA CAPRIFOLIUM, LONICERA JAPONICA — Honey suckle, Japanese Honeysuckle. An excellent cleanser and purifier used in facial creams, shampoos and soaps. The oil adds a pleasant, sweet fragrance to cosmetics. (INCI dictionary) 
پيچ امين الدوله يا پوني ساكل: تميزكننده عالي و پاك كننده عمقي مورد استفاده در كرم هاي صورت، شامپوها و صابون ها. اين ماده روغني معطر رايحه شيرين و دلپذيري به محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي مي دهد.
MELALEUCA ALTERNIFOLIA — Tea Tree Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic and germicidal properties, similar to eucalyptus oil. Due to its strong odor, it must be used in small amounts in cosmetics, but makes an excellent addition to dandruff shampoos and therapeutic masks and moisturizers. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن درخت چای: اسانس روغني با خاصيت آنتي سپتيك قدرتمند، ضدباكتري (جرمي سايد) شبيه روغن اوكاليپتوس. به علت رايحه شديد و قدرتمندش بايد تنها به ميزان اندكي در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي استفاده گردد. در شامپوهاي ضدشوره و ماسك هاي درماني و مرطوب كننده استفاده مي شود.
MENTHA PIPERITA — Peppermint Oil. Excellent antiseptic fre- quently used in shampoos and rinses for its toning effect on the scalp, and in bath oils for its warming/cooling proper ties on sore muscles. A natural anti-inflammator y, very soothing to the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
ORYZA SATIVA EXTRACT — Rice Extract. Natur al che- lating agent added to shampoos to improve r inseability by binding to iron (from hard water) and chlor ine and remov- ing them from the hair. Also used as an emulsifier and hu- mectant. (INCI dictionary)
SELENIUM — Micronutrient mineral with strong antioxidant proper ties, very soothing to the scalp. Included in shampoos and rinses for dandruff and other scalp problems, it helps remove build- up and keep scalp clear and healthy with continued use. Should be used in small amounts, as it can be irritating to the eyes. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM PHYTATE — The complex sodium salt of phytic acid, derived from the seeds of cereal grains, legumes and nuts. A natural chelating agent, it is used in shampoos to bind to minerals and impurities in the hair, allowing hair to rinse clean. Used to boost our new preser vative system. (INCI dictionary)
TRITICUM AESTIVUM — Wheatgrass. Anti-inflammatory used in the treatment of eczema and dermatitis. An ingredient in many preparations for problem skin, and in shampoos and hair condition- ers. Contains plant sterols. (INCI dictionary)
YUCCA SCHIDIGERA — Yucca Root. Mild, natural detergent used in shampoos and soaps for its foaming and purifying abilities. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
Nucleic Acids: In the nucleus of all living cells. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, conditioners, etc. Also in vitamins, supplements. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
Biotin Vitamin H Vitamin B Factor: In every living cell and in larger amounts in milk and yeast. Used as a texturizer in cosmetics, shampoos, and creams. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
Amino Acids: The building blocks of protein in all animals and plants. In cosmetics, vitamins, supplements, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: synthetics, plant sources. (peta.org)
Milk Protein: Hydrolyzed milk protein. From the milk of cows. In cosmetics, shampoos, moisturizers, conditioners, etc. Alternatives: soy protein, other plant proteins. (peta.org)
Panthenol Dexpanthenol Vitamin B-Complex Factor Provitamin B-5: Can come from animal or plant sources or synthetics. In shampoos, supplements, emollients, etc. In foods. Derivative: Panthenyl. Alternatives: synthetics, plants. (peta.org)
Palmitic Acid: A fatty acid most commonly derived from palm oil but may be derived from animals as well. In shampoos, shaving soaps, creams. Derivatives: Palmitate, Palmitamine, Palmitamide. Alternatives: vegetable sources. (peta.org)
Cholesterol: A steroid alcohol in all animal fats and oils, nervous tissue, egg yolk, and blood. Can be derived from lanolin. In cosmetics, eye creams, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: solid complex alcohols (sterols) from plant sources. (peta.org)
Placenta Placenta Polypeptides Protein Afterbirth: Contains waste matter eliminated by the fetus. Derived from the uterus of slaughtered animals. Animal placenta is widely used in skin creams, shampoos, masks, etc. Alternatives: kelp. (See alternatives to Animal Fats and Oils.) (peta.org)
Bee Pollen: Microsporic grains in seed plants gathered by bees then collected from the legs of bees. Causes allergic reactions in some people. In nutritional supplements, shampoos, toothpastes, deodorants. Alternatives: synthetics, plant amino acids, pollen collected from plants. (peta.org)
Keratin: Protein from the ground-up horns, hooves, feathers, quills, and hair of various animals. In hair rinses, shampoos, permanent wave solutions. Alternatives: almond oil, soy protein, amla oil (from the fruit of an Indian tree), human hair from salons. Rosemary and nettle give body and strand strength to hair. (peta.org)
Myristic Acid: Organic acid typically derived from nut oils but occasionally of animal origin. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristate. Alternatives: nut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc. (peta.org)
Urea Carbamide: Typically synthetic. When extracted from animals, it is excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. In deodorants, ammoniated dentifrices, mouthwashes, hair colorings, hand creams, lotions, shampoos, etc. Used to “brown” baked goods, such as pretzels. Derivatives: Imidazolidinyl Urea, Uric Acid. Alternatives: synthetics. (peta.org)
Spermaceti Cetyl Palmitate Sperm Oil: Waxy oil originally derived from the sperm whale’s head or from dolphins but now most often derived from petroleum. In many margarines. In skin creams, ointments, shampoos, candles, etc. Used in the leather industry. May become rancid and cause irritations. Alternatives: synthetic spermaceti, jojoba oil, and other vegetable emollients. (peta.org)
Stearyl Alcohol Sterols: A mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate. Alternatives: plant sources, vegetable stearic acid. (peta.org)
Lecithin Choline Bitartrate: Waxy substance in nervous tissue of all living organisms. But frequently obtained for commercial purposes from eggs and soybeans. Also from nerve tissue, blood, milk, corn. Choline bitartrate, the basic constituent of lecithin, is in many animal and plant tissues and prepared synthetically. Lecithin can be in eye creams, lipsticks, liquid powders, hand creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos, other cosmetics, and some medicines. Alternatives: soybean lecithin, synthetics. (peta.org)
Carmine Cochineal Carminic Acid: Red pigment from the crushed female cochineal insect. Reportedly, 70,000 beetles must be killed to produce one pound of this red dye. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, red apple sauce, and other foods (including red lollipops and food coloring). May cause allergic reaction. Alternatives: beet juice (used in powders, rouges, shampoos; no known toxicity), alkanet root (from the root of this herb-like tree; used as a red dye for inks, wines, lip balms, etc.; no known toxicity; can also be combined to make a copper or blue coloring). (See Colors.) (peta.org)
Gelatin Gel: Protein obtained by boiling skin, tendons, ligaments, and/or bones in water. From cows and pigs. Used in shampoos, face masks, and other cosmetics. Used as a thickener for fruit gelatins and puddings (e.g., Jell-O). In candies, marshmallows, cakes, ice cream, yogurts. On photographic film and in vitamins as a coating and as capsules. Sometimes used to assist in “clearing” wines. Alternatives: carrageen (carrageenan, Irish moss), seaweeds (algin, agar-agar, kelp—used in jellies, plastics, medicine), pectin from fruits, dextrins, locust bean gum, cotton gum, silica gel. Marshmallows were originally made from the root of the marshmallow plant. Vegetarian capsules are now available from several companies. Digital cameras don’t use film. (peta.org)
Demi-Permanent Color: A demi-permanent is a wash-out color that lasts around 20-25 shampoos. Demi-permanents do have low levels of hydrogen peroxide in them to open the cuticle and allow the color inside the hair shaft. This type of color is great for going darker, brighter, adding shine and for hiding and blending small amounts of grey. However, although demi-permanents will not lighten hair like permanent color, caution should taken because with prolonged use color build up in the hair results in the color not washing away, making it permanent in nature and leading to regrowth problems. (thehairstyler.com)
Semi-Permanent Hair Color: Semi-permanent hair color is a color formula that deposits itself mainly on the cuticle layer of the hair, but it will also penetrate deeper into the cortex. This type of color cannot lighten hair and is generally used to add depth, change color tone, brighten the hair and camouflage small amounts of grey. The color fades away with each shampoo, meaning it lasts between 6-8 shampoos, and it can be found in various forms including, mousses, gels, crèmes and liquids. (thehairstyler.com)
Temporary Hair Color: Temporary hair color comes in various forms including rinses, shampoos, gels, mousses and sprays. The color molecules are very large and can only sit on the hair's cuticle- therefore they don't penetrate into the hair- making the color only last 1 wash. Temporary hair colors are great for a quick, temporary and relatively safe makeover (in any case always consult your stylist first). Just remember they cannot lighten hair, but can only temporarily darken and brighten. (thehairstyler.com)
shampooing = شامپو کردن، شامپو زدن

body shampoo = شامپو بدن

active shampoo = شامپوی فعال

garlic shampoo = شامپو سیر

herbal shampoo = شامپوهایی که دارای عصاره های گیاهی می باشند.

Neutral shampoo = شامپوی خنثی

shampoos, shampoo = شامپو، شامپوها

volumizing shampoo = شامپو حجم دهنده

antidandruff shampoo = شامپو ضدشوره

sulfate free shampoo = شامپوی عاری از سولفات

anti dandruff shampoo = شامپو ضد شوره

selenium shampoos, Shampoos containing selenium sulfide such as Head & Shoulders. Selenium sulfide is a key ingredient in dandruff shampoos; it treats seborrheic dermatitis, dandruff and tinea versicolor. = شامپوهای حاوی سلنیوم سولفید مثل برخی شامپوهای هد اندر شولد؛ سولفید سلنیوم یکی از ترکیبات کلیدی در شامپوهای ضدشوره است و سبوره درماتیت را نیز درمان می کند

selenium shampoos = شامپوهای سلنیوم

ساینده = Abrasive
abrasive = ساینده، ماده ای که برای صاف کردن، ساییدن و برس کردن پوست در درم ابرژن استفاده می شود.

CALCIUM PYROPHOSPHATE — Mild abrasive added to toothpastes for cleaning and whitening teeth. (INCI dictionary)
Mild abrasive = ساينده ملايم

CALCIUM PYROPHOSPHATE — Mild abrasive added to toothpastes for cleaning and whitening teeth. (INCI dictionary)

ابیسین = Abyssine
abyssine = ابیسین، نام تجاری یک اکتیو آرایشی با خاصیت تسکین دهندگی و ضد التهابی

اقاقیا = Acacia
ACACIA SENEGAL GUM = صمغ به دست آمده از درخت اقاقیا

ACACIA SENEGAL GUM — Gum Arabic. Herbal gum used as a thickener and emulsifier in creams and lotions, and as a hair set in styling gels and sprays. Often combined with gum tragacanth. (INCI dictionary) 
صمغ آكاسياسنگال يا صمغ عربي: صمغ گياهي كه به عنوان قوام دهنده و امولسيون كننده در كرم ها و لوسيون ها و محصولات مو مثل ژل ها و اسپري ها مو استفاده مي شود. غالباً با صمغ كتيرا استفاده مي شود.
Gum Arabic, Acacia Gum – Acacia senegal gum (INCI dictionary)
Acacia, Acacia arabica = درخت صمغ عربی، آکاسیا

ACACIA CATECHU BARK POWDER = پودر تنه درخت اقاقیا

ACACIA CATECHU BARK POWDER — Acacia, Katha. Used as a natural coloring agent in henna hair preparations. (INCI dictionary) 
پودر تنه درخت آكاسيا به عنوان ماده رنگي طبيعي در محصولات موي بر پايه حنا استفاده مي شود.
Gum Arabic, Acacia senegal = آکاسیا، صمغ عربی، ارتفاع درخت آکاسیا به 6 متر می رسد.

آدیپوز = Adipose
adipose = آدیپوز، مرتبط با چربی و بافت چرب

aquaporin adipose, aqpap = آکواپورین آدیپوز

subcutaneous tissue is a fatty layer underneath the dermis also called adipose or subcutis tissue = بافت زیرجلدی لایه چرب زر درم که به آن آدیپوز یا بافت سابکوتیس نیز می گویند

هوادهی = Aeration
aeration = هوادهی، مواجه کردن با هوا، اشباع کردن یک سیال با هوا یا گاز

آئروسل = Aerosol
aerosol = آئروسل، سوسپانسیون کلوئیدی ذرات جامد یا مایع پخش شده در گاز؛ معلق در گاز؛ ظرفی که حاوی گاز مایع شده یا ماده حل شده ایست که می تواند به صورت افشانه یا اسپری پخش شود.

Hair Color Sprays: Hair color sprays are temporary or wash-out colors that are generally found in aerosol cans and sprayed onto dry hair. They are mainly crazy fashion colors such as blue, green, red, yellow etc. Also, they are sometimes used by people to mask grey hair, or by some men to make their fine thinning hair appear darker and therefore thicker, and even to color the scalp to disguise hair loss. A word of caution though: keep out of the rain and avoid humid weather or the color will run off the hair and onto your clothing. (thehairstyler.com)
aerosol can = قوطی افشانه، قوی آئروسل

Hair Color Sprays: Hair color sprays are temporary or wash-out colors that are generally found in aerosol cans and sprayed onto dry hair. They are mainly crazy fashion colors such as blue, green, red, yellow etc. Also, they are sometimes used by people to mask grey hair, or by some men to make their fine thinning hair appear darker and therefore thicker, and even to color the scalp to disguise hair loss. A word of caution though: keep out of the rain and avoid humid weather or the color will run off the hair and onto your clothing. (thehairstyler.com)

آلانین = Alanine
DOPA, L-DOPA, dihydroxyphenylalanine = دوپا، دی هیدروکسی فنیل آلانین

آلدهید = Aldehyde
aldehyde = آلدهید

Aldehydes: Aldehydes are aromatic chemicals that provide sparkle and lift to perfumes, and depending on their type, also provide their own scent. Aldehydes C-12 and lower (the C stands for carbon) provide sparkle; Aldehydes C-14 and higher add a fruit note. Chanel No. 5 and Guerlain Mitsouko are famous perfumes with aldehydes. (intothegloss.com)
ALDEHYDES: Aldehydes are an essential class of perfume ingredients that impart a vivid top note to the perfume. Aldehydes were first successfully incorporated into a perfume by Ernest Beaux in 1921 in Chanel No 5. (fragrance.org)
FLOWERY: Possessing a fragrance resembling a flower. Term often used to describe certain aromatic chemicals such as heliotropin, hedione, rhodinol and anistic aldehyde. (fragrance.org)
MODERN: In perfumery, the modern era began at the beginning of the 20th century when synthetic aroma chemicals such as aldehydes were first used. A modern fragrance is a harmonious creation of the perfumer based on new notes or harmonies often unknown in nature. (fragrance.org)
BENZALDEHYDE = بنزالدهید یکی از ترکیبات روغن کاسیا

BENZALDEHYDE — A component of cassia oil, used as a natural fragrance for its pleasant almond scent. (INCI dictionary)
formaldehyde = فرمالدئید، فرمالدهید، فرمالدهاید، متانال، گازی با بوی تند و زننده‌است و کوچک‌ترین آلدهید به شمار می‌آید، بخارات سمی دارد، سرطانزا می باشد. از فرمالدهید برای از بین بردن باکتریها بعنوان محلول ضدعفونی کننده استفاده می‌شود. فرمالدهید معمولا به صورت محلول آبی 37 درصد به نام فرمالین عرضه می‌شود.

formaldehyde free = عاری از فرمالدهید

ALDEHYDES, Aldehydes are an essential class of perfume ingredients that impart a vivid top note to the perfume. Aldehydes were first successfully incorporated into a perfume by Ernest Beaux in 1921 in Chanel No 5. = آلدهیدها، آلدهیدها دسته خاصی از تركیبات عطری هستند كه به نوت فوقانی عطر عمق می‌بخشند. آلدهیدها برای اولین بار توسط اِرنست بو در سال 1921 در شانل شماره 5 به صورت موفقیت‌آمیز استفاده شدند.

formaldehyde2 = فرمالدهید

قلیاها = Alkalis
alkalis = قلیاها، مواد قلیایی، بازها، مواد با خاصیت بازی

حیوانی = Animalic
ANIMALIC, Characterized by bodily aromas or aromas most associated with traditional animal materials such as musk, civet and castoreum. These materials are now banned and have been replaced with musks obtained from plants and civet and castoreum smelling molecules obtained synthetically. = انیمالیك یا حیوانی، به بوهایی گفته می‌شود كه در عطرهای حیوانی سنتی مثل مُشك، سیوت و كاستریوم وجود دارد. این مواد در حال حاضر ممنوع هستند و با مشک‌های به دست آمده از گیاهان و مولکول‌هایی كه بوی شبیه سیوت و كاستریوم می‌دهند و به صورت سنتزی تشكل شده‌اند جایگزین شده‌اند.

آنیونی = Anionic
anionic = آنیونی، دارای بار الکتریکی منفی

آرکتیک = Arctic
Arctic = یخی، نوعی رنگ فانتزی برای مو

آرنیکا = Arnica
Arnica, Arnical montana = همیشه بهار کوهی، چشم گاو

ارزیاب = Assessor
Assessor = ارزیاب، بازرس

آتوپیک = Atopic
Atopic = آتوپیک، حساسیتی

atopic skin = پوست آتوپیک، پوست حساس

atopic dermatitis = درماتیت آتوپیک، درماتیت حساسیتی

Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema = درماتیت آتوپیک شایع ترین نوع اگزما است

atopic dermatitis describes skin inflammation that results from an allergy = درماتیت آتوپیک ، التهاب پوست که در اثر یک آلرژی بوجود آمده را توصیف می کند

atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema = درماتیت آتوپیک یا اگزمای آتوپیک

atopic refers to allergy = کلمه آتوپیک به آلرژی اشاره دارد

بالزام = Balsam
Balsam = بالزام، بالم

AMYRIS BALSAMIFERA — Amyris Oil. Essential oil used for its pleasant fragrance, and as a natural fixative in perfumes. Sometimes known as West Indian sandalwood. (INCI dictionary)
MYROXYLON BALSAMUM — Balsam. Antiseptic and antibacterial widely used in topical preparations for its healing proper ties, and in hair tonics and antidandruff products. Sometimes also used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
MYROXYLON PEREIRAE – Balsam Peru. Essential oil very soothing to the skin and scalp. Sometimes used as a fragrance com- ponent for its pleasant scent, reminiscent of vanilla. (INCI dictionary)
Alpha Lipoic Acid – Thioctic acid Amyris Oil — Amyris balsamifera Angelica – Angelica archangelica Annatto – Bixa orellana (INCI dictionary)
Atlas Cedar – Cedrus atlantica Avocado Oil – Persea gratissima Balm Mint – Melissa officinalis Balsam Peru – Myroxylon pereirae (INCI dictionary)
Balsam Tolu – Myroxylon toluiferum (INCI dictionary)
Balsams/balsamic: Does not refer to the salad dressing, but rather to warm, ambery, soft vanillic notes such as benzoin, Tolu balsam, and tonka bean. They’re in most Oriental fragrances. (intothegloss.com)
Amber: There is no amber ingredient in the wild. It’s an accord created with perfume notes such as labdanum, vanilla, and balsams such as benzoin and Tolu Balsam, which are sweet, warm resins that both come from tree barks. Amber is the cornerstone accord of Oriental fragrances. (intothegloss.com)
BALSAMS: Sticky, resinous materials obtained from trees or shrubs which give a combined sweet-woody odor associated with well-seasoned, nonconiferous woods such as maple. (fragrance.org)
GUMS, RESINS, BALSAMS: The resinous substances exuded from the  bark, twigs or leaves of trees or shrubs. (fragrance.org)
HEAVY: An odor which can be forceful, intense, often sweet and balsamic. (fragrance.org)
RESINOIDS: Extracts of gums, balsams, resins or roots (orris), which consist in whole or in part of resinous materials. They are generally used as fixatives in perfume compositions. (fragrance.org)
Balsam resin = رزین بلسانی

MYROXYLON BALSAMUM = بلسان

MYROXYLON BALSAMUM — Balsam. Antiseptic and antibacterial widely used in topical preparations for its healing proper ties, and in hair tonics and antidandruff products. Sometimes also used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
BALSAMS, Sticky, resinous materials obtained from trees or shrubs which give a combined sweet-woody odor associated with well-seasoned, nonconiferous woods such as maple. = بالزام یا بِلسان: ماده رزینی چسبناك كه از درخت یا بوته به دست می‌آید و بوی شیرین چوبی دارد كه به افرا مرتبط است.

بتائین = Betaine
Betaine = بتائین، کوکامیدو پروپیل بتائین سورفکتانت آمفوتری رایج در شامپوها که برای افزایش کف و قوام و همچنین افزایش ملایمت شامپو استفاده می شود.

DETERGENTS — cleansing agents that are chemically different from soaps, but resemble them in the ability to emulsify oils and hold dirt in suspension. Detergents can vary widely in composition. Thoug