چیست؟


آژانس بین المللی تحقیقات سرطان = International Agency Of Cancer Research, Iacr

تاریخ فاکتور = Invoice Date

شماره فاکتور = Invoice Number

ISO 9001 = Iso 9001

ارگان صادرکننده = Issuing Organization

چپاندن کلمات کلیدی = Keyword Stuffing
Keyword stuffing = استفاده بیش از حد کلمات کلیدی

یون منیزیم = Magnasium Ion
magnasium ion = یون منیزیم

بدخیم = Malignant
Malignant = بدخیم، تومور بدخیم، تکثیر غیر طبیعی و غیر قابل کنترل تومور که به سیستم دفاعی بدن غلبه می کند

malignant melanoma = ملانوم بدخیم

محلول درمانی = Treatment
primary treatment = تصفیه اولیه آب، مرحله اولیه تصفیه آب شامل زدودن اجسام بزرگ با مکانیزم های فیلتراسیون، ته نشینی و شناورسازی

pre treatment = آماده سازی مو با استفاده از محلول ها و محصولات آرایشی، پیش تیمار

treatment = محصول درمانی، محصول دارویی، محلول دارویی، محلول

ANDIRA ARAROBA — Goa Herb, Chrysarobin. A natural astringent, its chemical affinity to the keratin elements of the skin makes this herb an excellent treatment for acne, eczema and other skin conditions. A calming agent for itching, flaking or irritated skin. (INCI dictionary)
BETULA ALBA — White Birch Extract. Powdered extract from the bark of the birch tree, known for its soothing and purifying effect on the skin. Herbalists use it in the treatment of many skin dis- orders. An excellent addition to sun care products and face creams. (INCI dictionary)
CALAMINE — Natural blend of zinc oxide and a small amount of ferric oxide, used in skin lotions, ointments and liniments for the treatment of itchy skin and rashes. (INCI dictionary)
CHONDRUS CRISPUS — Carrageenan. Food-grade seaweed gum obtained from Irish moss and other red algae. A natural stabilizer, binding agent and emulsifier, high in sulfur and very nourishing to skin and scalp. Food-grade carrageenan should not be confused with degraded carrageenan, which is a known carcinogen. CHYRSANTHEMUM MORIFOLIUM — Chinese Chrysanthemum. Used in Chinese medicine for the treatment of allergic reactions and skin irritations. Known for its soothing effect on the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
EQUISETUM HYEMALE, EQUISETUM ARVENSE — Horsetail, Bottlebrush. Nutrient-rich herbal high in silica, essential to collagen production. A vegan alternative to collagen treatments, it firms and refreshes the skin and promotes healing. Often used in conjunction with coltsfoot in hair care products, it strengthens the hair shaft and adds sheen and elasticity. (INCI dictionary)
HUMULUS LUPULUS — Hops. Antimicrobial and sedative, very soothing and toning to the hair and skin. In hair care preparations, it adds body and softness and is helpful in the treatment of dandruff and other scalp conditions. Combined with chamomile, it reduces swelling and relieves itching and irritation. (INCI dictionary)
OENOTHERA BIENNIS — Evening Primrose Oil. Superb emol- lient and skin nutrient, high in essential fatty acids. A source of rare gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), also found in human breast milk. Ex- tremely beneficial in the treatment of eczema and other dry skin and scalp conditions. (INCI dictionary)
PERSEA GRATISSIMA — Avocado Oil. A good source of vitamins A, D and E, amino acids and sterols. Herbalists traditionally have used avocado oil in hair and scalp preparations and in the treatment of chronic dry skin conditions. Easily absorbed by the skin and scalp, it is very soothing and nourishing. (INCI dictionary)
PRUNUS AMYGDALUS DULCIS — Sweet Almond Oil, Sweet Almond Butter. Excellent emollient high in oleic, linoleic and other fatty acids, ideal in the treatment of very dry hair and skin. Soothing and moisturizing. A good absorption base. (INCI dictionary)
RETINYL PALMITATE — Vitamin A. Antioxidant vitamin widely used (both internally and topically) in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions. Its topical application promotes the formation of new skin cells and helps regulate oil secretion in the sebaceous glands. Par ticularly beneficial for dry or sun-exposed skin, it is often found in sun protection creams for its antioxidant proper ties and its soothing and hydrating effect on the skin. (A deficiency of vitamin A in the body reduces the mucopolysaccharides in the skin, which accelerates the skin’s aging process.) Also used as a natural preser- vative in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary)
SALICYLIC ACID — The active ingredient in aspirin, a natural an- ti-inflammatory and exfoliant used in the treatment of acne and preparations for oily skin. Applied topically, it penetrates the fol- licle and encourages the shedding of dead skin cells from within, breaking up oil deposits and debris that can cause blocked pores and blemishes. Natural sources of salicylic acid include willow bark extract (Salix nigra) and wintergreen oil (Gaultheria procumbens). (INCI dictionary)
SALIX NIGRA — Willow Bark, Black Willow. An excellent source of salicylic acid, very beneficial in the treatment of acne and blem- ish-prone skin. A natural anti-inflammator y. (See also Salicylic acid.) (INCI dictionary)
SILYBUM MARIANUM — Milk Thistle. Detoxifier used internally in the treatment of liver disorders. Clinical studies have shown its active compound silymarin, a flavonoid with strong antioxidant proper ties, helps protect skin cells from free radical damage caused by sun exposure and pollution. Very soothing to the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
TRITICUM AESTIVUM — Wheatgrass. Anti-inflammatory used in the treatment of eczema and dermatitis. An ingredient in many preparations for problem skin, and in shampoos and hair condition- ers. Contains plant sterols. (INCI dictionary)
VITIS VINIFERA VINE EXTRACT — Red Vine. Extract from the leaves of the grape vine, known for its soothing, toning proper ties, and as an “anti-blotchiness” skin treatment. An anti-inflammatory, it helps reduce redness and irritation. High in antioxidant vitamin C, choline and inositol. (INCI dictionary)
BIOSACCHARIDE GUM-1: Sugar hydrator soothes and softens skin. Hydrates and comforts for long-lasting relief from irritants. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
JOJOBA OIL: Mistakenly called an oil as it is really a wax that becomes soluble at room temperature. Jojoba oil is excellent at dissolving other oils, dead skin cells and excess sebum in the pores. Long used for scalp and general skin care. Used in CSRx Facial Cleansing Oil , CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment and in Calming Biolipid Repair Creme. (cellularskinrx.com)
MATRIXYL 3000: Also known as palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7. This next generation oligopeptide firms and decreases visible wrinkles within two months of daily use. Used in Firming Peptide Eye Creme and CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment. (cellularskinrx.com)
MATRIXYL® SYNTHE®6: Facial architectural peptide supports 6 skin-rebuilding activities for a more organized cellular matrix. Signals skin to rebuild particularly where needed, especially the forehead and crow's feet. Natural volume is restored over time. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
MUNG BEAN SPROUT STEM CELLS: MMP enzymes have been identified as particularly damaging to the skin's extra-cellular matrix. Mung Bean Sprout Stem Cells protect collagen and the extra-cellular matrix from MMPs. The stem cells repair UV-damaged fibroblasts and reduce photo-induced inflammation that eventually leads to skin sensitivity and loss of elasticity. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
NIACINAMIDE: Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. It stops the skin cells that produce pigment from transferring that pigment to surface skin cells, thereby minimizing unwanted dark spots. It is also an effective moisturizer helping the skin produce more ceramides and fatty acids, which are crucial components of your skin barrier. As that barrier is strengthened, skin is better able to keep moisture in and irritants out. Redness and inflammation are visibly reduced. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer and F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
OXIDO REDUCTASES: Oxido Reductases is a powerful antioxidant agent that helps to reduce the oxidation process that can lead to premature aging. Oxido Reductases acts as a free radical scavenger, neutralizing free radical molecules in the skin that can lead to collagen/elastin damage. Oxido Reductases has also been shown to have skin lightening properties. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
RETINOL: Retinol is pure active Vitamin A which is scientifically proven to produce healthy, plump skin cells. Because Retinol's molecular structure is small enough to penetrate the outer layers of the epidermis, it can repair deeper layers within the skin.  Collagen and elastin are positively impacted by the benefits of Retinol, as it stimulates the production of collagen in the skin layers, and helps to rebuild and repair elastin fibers. Retinol accelerates cell turnover, encouraging dead skin cells to naturally exfoliate more quickly, thus revealing healthy, fresh cells. It is an excellent ingredient that aids in the repair of sun damaged skin.  Retinol has been proven to be extremely helpful in the treatment of acne without the drying effects (cellularskinrx.com)
RUBIXYL®: This engineered peptide signals skin cells to make more keratin and ceramides. It restores seven key epidermal proteins to normal levels helping to counter the glycation process that causes epidermal protein bonding to become disorganized. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
SEA BUCKTHORN OIL: Rich in omega 3, 6, 7 and 9, oil from this incredible plant replaces moisture lost due to environmental insults and aging. Skin's natural lipid barrier is restored and protected. Skin's texture is improved. Overall, skin's health is greatly improved. Used in CSRx Facial Cleansing Oil and Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
SOY PEPTIDES: Soy peptides stimulate fibroblast proliferation and increase collagen and elastin synthesis. This results in firmer-looking skin. Soy Peptides are used to help prevent proteinase activity (as a result of exposure to UV light and ozone) from degrading collagen bundles in the skin. They can also can help to lighten hyperpigmentation and act as an anti-irritant, reducing inflammation. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
SWISS GARDEN CRESS: This liposomal form provides resistance against environmental insults and stress-induced damage. Supports skin's natural detoxifying enzymes while enhancing cellular resistance. Promotes elimination of environmental toxins. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
TOCOPHEROL: Tocopherol (better known as alpha-tocopherol or Vitamin E) is a powerful oil-soluble antioxidant. It protects skin from free radical damage caused by UV radiation. Additionally, it is an excellent moisturizer. It is used regularly to promote wound healing and to treat severe sunburn. Vitamin E reduces the inflammation and swelling associated with sunburn thus sparing the exposed skin any further internal damage which leads to premature aging. Used in F*a*C*E Synergy Serum, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, and CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment. (cellularskinrx.com)
YEAST PROTEIN: Improves the microcirculation of the skin by increasing cell respiration. Improved circulation in the under-eye area reduces fluid accumulation that can lead to puffiness and bags. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
Hydrolyzed Animal Protein: In cosmetics, especially shampoo and hair treatments. Alternatives: soy protein, other vegetable proteins, amla oil (see alternatives to Keratin). (peta.org)
Allantoin: Uric acid from cows, most mammals. Also in many plants (especially comfrey). In cosmetics (especially creams and lotions) and used in treatment of wounds and ulcers. Derivatives: Alcloxa, Aldioxa. Alternatives: extract of comfrey root, synthetics. (peta.org)
SPECIALTIES: Natural oils, natural isolates or synthetics, either alone or in combination, which are used as building blocks for fragrance compounds. They are less complex than a finished fragrance compound. They may be an end-product of special processing treatments or unique raw materials. A single company under a trade name usually supplies them. (fragrance.org)
Brazilian blowout, keratin hair straightening, keratin treatment = کراتینه کردن مو، صاف کردن مو با روش برزیلی

preventive treatment = درمان پیشگیرانه، درمان نگهدارنده

natural long term treatment = درمان طبیعی ولی ماندگار

intensive treatment = درمان فشرده، درمان قوی

pretreatment = پیش فرآوری، پیش درمان

hair straightening treatment = محلول صاف کننده مو

global treatment = درمان کامل

retin A or retinoic acid is used in acne treatments = رتین آ یا رتینوئیک اسید برای درمان آکنه استفاده می شود

غیر قابل پیش بینی = Unpredictable

بدون آمونیاک = Ammonia Free
Ammonia free = عاری از آمونیاک، بدون آمونیاک

Clay Lighteners: Clay lighteners are lightening powders that contain organic pigments and also (they claim) 17 amino acids, silk extracts, olive oil, panthenol and milk, as well as being ammonia free. They are not clay at all and are simply promoted as natural and better for the condition of the hair. They are effective, but can easily be over-processed and can cause serious damage to the hair shaft if adequate care is not taken. (thehairstyler.com)

کم خونی = Anemia
anemia = کم خونی، کم بودن تعداد گلبول های قرمز در خون که علائم آن ضعف و تنگی نفس است.

بتا سیتوسترول = Beta-Sitosterol
beta-sitosterol = بتا-سیتوسترول

Escin β-sitosterol (beta-sitosterol) Phytosome® acts principally in capillaries. Its mechanism of action is mainly related to the modification of the vascular permeability. Escin β-sitosterol Phytosome® reduces the number and the diameter of the small pores of the capillary walls through which water exchange normally occurs. (aescin_phytosome)

خط مرزی = Boundary Line
Boundary line = خط مرزی

اینوولوکرین = Involucrin
stimulation of the involucrin synthesis = افزایش سنتز اینوولوکرین

involucrin = اینوولوکرین

RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)

موستلا ب ب = Mustela Bb
mustela BB = موستلا ب ب

گوشتالو = Plump
plump = توپر و حجیم، یکی از ویژگی های مطلوب پوست
plumper = پر تر، چاق تر، توپر تر
plumping = پری و چاقی پوست
plumping effect = اثر پرکنندگی

پیش هنگام = Premature
premature = پیش هنگام، زودرس، قبل از موقع

ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 3: A non-toxic amino-peptide developed specifically to reduce wrinkles and the signs of premature aging. Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 is a cost-effective alternative to injections and surgical procedures. Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 temporarily limits the overproduction and release of neurotransmitters that initiate and control the intensity of facial muscle contractions. This reduction in intensity reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. This powerful ingredient reduces muscle contractions in a non-paralytic fashion and without toxic side effects. It is naturally derived and non-irritating to the skin. Attaching the hexapeptide to the fatty acid, acetyl, allows the resulting amino-peptide to be easily absorbed into the skin. At a 10% concentration, Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 has been shown to reduce the depth of wrinkles up to 30% after 30 days of trial use. (source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science, Vol. 24, No 5, p.303, October 2002). Currently, doctors are beginning to recommend use of Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 skin serums in conjunction with paralytic injections to prolong those results. (cellularskinrx.com)
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 8: An amino-peptide developed specifically to reduce wrinkles and the signs of premature aging. Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 is the longer chain molecule cousin of Acetyl Hexapeptide 3. Similar to AH-3, it is a cost-effective alternative to injections and surgical procedures. Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 temporarily limits the overproduction and release of neurotransmitters that initiate and control the intensity of facial muscle contractions. This reduction in intensity reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. Used in combination with Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 and Acetyl Hexapeptide 30, it results in an additive wrinkle-relaxing effect that is more powerful than each amino-peptide used alone. (cellularskinrx.com)
FERULIC ACID: Ferulic acid is an excellent antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals,thus preventing premature aging of the skin caused by free radical damage to elastin and collagen. Ferulic acid acts synergistically with other antioxidants, specifically vitamin C and E, to double their ability to protect the skin from UV radiation. (Interestingly, Ferulic Acid's antioxidant activity is actually boosted by exposure to UV light.) The addition of Ferulic Acid to solutions that contain l-ascorbic acid helps to stabilize 90% of the vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid) and 100% stability is conferred upon Vitamin E (tocopherol). Used in F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: A powerful antioxidant that protects skin from free radical damage that causes premature aging. The polyphenols in green tea act as free radical scavengers soaking up these unstable molecules before they can damage the collagen layer. Green tea extract has also been shown to soothe, heal and calm irritated skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
LIPOSHIELD®: Also know as phyto-melanin. Liposhield® is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
OLIVE OIL: From cold-pressed olive seeds, this oil has long been used globally for a variety of uses, including skin and haircare. Olive oil is very effective in removing dirt and other impurities from the skin. Supplies the skin with linolenic acid which is needed to prevent premature aging. (cellularskinrx.com)
OXIDO REDUCTASES: Oxido Reductases is a powerful antioxidant agent that helps to reduce the oxidation process that can lead to premature aging. Oxido Reductases acts as a free radical scavenger, neutralizing free radical molecules in the skin that can lead to collagen/elastin damage. Oxido Reductases has also been shown to have skin lightening properties. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
PHYTO-MELANIN: Also known as Liposhield®, Phyto-Melanin is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
TOCOPHEROL: Tocopherol (better known as alpha-tocopherol or Vitamin E) is a powerful oil-soluble antioxidant. It protects skin from free radical damage caused by UV radiation. Additionally, it is an excellent moisturizer. It is used regularly to promote wound healing and to treat severe sunburn. Vitamin E reduces the inflammation and swelling associated with sunburn thus sparing the exposed skin any further internal damage which leads to premature aging. Used in F*a*C*E Synergy Serum, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, and CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment. (cellularskinrx.com)
premature skin photoaging = پیری پیش هنگام پوست

premature baldness = طاسی پیش هنگام

premature aging = پیری زودرس، پیری پیش هنگام

ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 3: A non-toxic amino-peptide developed specifically to reduce wrinkles and the signs of premature aging. Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 is a cost-effective alternative to injections and surgical procedures. Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 temporarily limits the overproduction and release of neurotransmitters that initiate and control the intensity of facial muscle contractions. This reduction in intensity reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. This powerful ingredient reduces muscle contractions in a non-paralytic fashion and without toxic side effects. It is naturally derived and non-irritating to the skin. Attaching the hexapeptide to the fatty acid, acetyl, allows the resulting amino-peptide to be easily absorbed into the skin. At a 10% concentration, Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 has been shown to reduce the depth of wrinkles up to 30% after 30 days of trial use. (source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science, Vol. 24, No 5, p.303, October 2002). Currently, doctors are beginning to recommend use of Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 skin serums in conjunction with paralytic injections to prolong those results. (cellularskinrx.com)
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 8: An amino-peptide developed specifically to reduce wrinkles and the signs of premature aging. Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 is the longer chain molecule cousin of Acetyl Hexapeptide 3. Similar to AH-3, it is a cost-effective alternative to injections and surgical procedures. Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 temporarily limits the overproduction and release of neurotransmitters that initiate and control the intensity of facial muscle contractions. This reduction in intensity reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. Used in combination with Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 and Acetyl Hexapeptide 30, it results in an additive wrinkle-relaxing effect that is more powerful than each amino-peptide used alone. (cellularskinrx.com)
FERULIC ACID: Ferulic acid is an excellent antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals,thus preventing premature aging of the skin caused by free radical damage to elastin and collagen. Ferulic acid acts synergistically with other antioxidants, specifically vitamin C and E, to double their ability to protect the skin from UV radiation. (Interestingly, Ferulic Acid's antioxidant activity is actually boosted by exposure to UV light.) The addition of Ferulic Acid to solutions that contain l-ascorbic acid helps to stabilize 90% of the vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid) and 100% stability is conferred upon Vitamin E (tocopherol). Used in F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: A powerful antioxidant that protects skin from free radical damage that causes premature aging. The polyphenols in green tea act as free radical scavengers soaking up these unstable molecules before they can damage the collagen layer. Green tea extract has also been shown to soothe, heal and calm irritated skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
LIPOSHIELD®: Also know as phyto-melanin. Liposhield® is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
OLIVE OIL: From cold-pressed olive seeds, this oil has long been used globally for a variety of uses, including skin and haircare. Olive oil is very effective in removing dirt and other impurities from the skin. Supplies the skin with linolenic acid which is needed to prevent premature aging. (cellularskinrx.com)
OXIDO REDUCTASES: Oxido Reductases is a powerful antioxidant agent that helps to reduce the oxidation process that can lead to premature aging. Oxido Reductases acts as a free radical scavenger, neutralizing free radical molecules in the skin that can lead to collagen/elastin damage. Oxido Reductases has also been shown to have skin lightening properties. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
PHYTO-MELANIN: Also known as Liposhield®, Phyto-Melanin is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
TOCOPHEROL: Tocopherol (better known as alpha-tocopherol or Vitamin E) is a powerful oil-soluble antioxidant. It protects skin from free radical damage caused by UV radiation. Additionally, it is an excellent moisturizer. It is used regularly to promote wound healing and to treat severe sunburn. Vitamin E reduces the inflammation and swelling associated with sunburn thus sparing the exposed skin any further internal damage which leads to premature aging. Used in F*a*C*E Synergy Serum, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, and CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment. (cellularskinrx.com)

پروپیلن گلایکول = Propylene Glycol
propylene glycol = پروپیلن گلایکول

GLYCERIN — Vegetable Glycerin. Rich humectant, emollient and lubricant naturally extracted from vegetable oils, used in cosmetic formulations for thousands of years. (Synthetic glycerin, otherwise known as propylene glycol, is highly irritating to the skin and scalp and should be avoided.) (INCI dictionary)
Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract, Alcohol Denat. (Alcool De Betterave), Viburnum Prunifolium Extract, Hydrolyzed Soy Protein, 3 Aminopropane Sulfonic Acid, Sodium Chondroitin Sulfate, Pvp, Pyridoxine Hcl (Vitamine B6), Ethyl Ester Of Hydrolyzed Silk, Panthenol (Provitamine B5), Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract (Procyanidols De Raisin), Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract (Extrait De Thé), Propylene Glycol, Methylsilanol Acetyltyrosine. (Phytocyan serum ingredients)
Cinchona Succirubra Bark Extract (Quinquina), Sodium Laureth Sulfate (Dérivé D'huile De Coco), Water / Aqua (Eau Purifiée), Cocamidopropyl Betaine (Dérivé D'huile De Coco), Lauryl Glucoside, Peg-200 Hydrogenated Glyceryl Palmate, Peg-7 Glyceryl Cocoate, Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein Pg-Propyl Silanetriol (Dérivé De Blé), Fragrance / Parfum, Panthenol (Provitamine B5), Propylene Glycol, Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract, Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride, Pyridoxine Hcl, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract (Procyanidols De Raisin), Phenoxyethanol, Parabens (Ethyl, Butyl), Methylchloroisothiazolinone, Methylisothiazolinone, Citric Acid, Tetrasodium Edta, Sodium Chloride. (Phytocyan shampoo ingredients)
Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract, Peg-33 Castor Oil (Dérivé D'huile De Ricin), Sodium Lauroyl Oat Amino Acids, Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Oil (Sauge), Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Peel Oil (Citron), Rosmarinus Officinalis ( Rosemary) Leaf Oil (Romarin), Juniperus Communis Fruit Oil (Baie De Genièvre), Palmitoyl Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein (Dérivé D'acides Aminés De Blé), Vinegar / Acetum, Propylene Glycol, Citral, Limonene, Phenoxyethanol*, Parabens (Butyl, Ethyl)*, Methylisothiazolinone*, Methylchloroisothiazolinone*, Polysorbate 20, Beta-Carotene. (Huile d ales ingredients)
Alcohol Denat., Cyclopentasiloxane, Octyldodecanol, Caviar Extract, Tocopheryl Acetate, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil, Mica, Beta-Carotene, Ethylhexyl Methoxycinnamate, Propylene Glycol, Benzophenone-3, Bht, Parfum (Fragrance), Hexyl Cinnamal, D-Limonene, Citronellol, Geraniol, Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone, Butylphenyl Methylpropional, Hydroxyisohexyl-3-Cyclohexene Carboxaldehyde, Linalool, Gold (Ci 77480), Titanium Dioxide (Ci 77891), Iron Oxide (Ci 77491). (Miriam Quevedo Sublime Gold Shampoo)

پروستاگلاندین = Prostaglandin
prostaglandin = پروستاگلاندین

سوزناک = Pungent
pungent = سوزناک، تند، یکی از ویژگی های استیک اسید

ANACYCLUS PYRETHRUM — Pellitory. A pungent herb used as a stimulant and circulation enhancer. (INCI dictionary) 
بابونه زرد: گياهي است با طعم تند كه به عنوان تحريك كننده گردش خون مويرگي استفاده مي شود.
HARSH: A crude, unbalanced, rough pungent odor. (fragrance.org)
LEATHER: Fragrance type and odor resembling the sweet, pungent smokiness characteristic of the ingredients used in the tanning process of leathers. (fragrance.org)
SPICY:  Piquant or pungent notes such as clove oil, cinnamon; characteristic of notes of carnation, ginger, lavender or the chemical spicy notes of eugenol or isoeugenol. (fragrance.org)
LEATHER, Fragrance type and odor resembling the sweet, pungent smokiness characteristic of the ingredients used in the tanning process of leathers. = چرمی: عطرهایی كه بوی مشابه تركیبات شیرین، نافذ، دودی مورد استفاده در پروسه دباغی چرم دارند.

لکه های قرمز = Red Spots
red spots = لکه های قرمز

ماده درمانی = Remedy
remedy = داروی گیاهی، ماده درمانی

مونومرهای باقی مانده = Residual Monomer
residual monomer = مونومرهای باقی مانده

بازداری = Retard
retard = متوقف کردن، بازداری

رتین آ = Retina
retinA, Retin-A = رتین آ، ترتینوئین

کافتن = Scavenge
free radical scavenger = از بین برنده رادیکال آزاد 

VITIS VINIFERA EXTRACT — Grape Seed Extract. One of the most powerful antioxidants around, high in proanthocyani- dins, a group of bioflavonoids superior to most because they are water-soluble and much more easily assimilated by the body. A hard-working free radical scavenger, it prevents skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pollution. (INCI dictionary)
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: A powerful antioxidant that protects skin from free radical damage that causes premature aging. The polyphenols in green tea act as free radical scavengers soaking up these unstable molecules before they can damage the collagen layer. Green tea extract has also been shown to soothe, heal and calm irritated skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
OXIDO REDUCTASES: Oxido Reductases is a powerful antioxidant agent that helps to reduce the oxidation process that can lead to premature aging. Oxido Reductases acts as a free radical scavenger, neutralizing free radical molecules in the skin that can lead to collagen/elastin damage. Oxido Reductases has also been shown to have skin lightening properties. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
radical scavenger properties = خواص رادیکال کافتی

scavenge = کافتن، زدودن

VITIS VINIFERA EXTRACT — Grape Seed Extract. One of the most powerful antioxidants around, high in proanthocyani- dins, a group of bioflavonoids superior to most because they are water-soluble and much more easily assimilated by the body. A hard-working free radical scavenger, it prevents skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pollution. (INCI dictionary)
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: A powerful antioxidant that protects skin from free radical damage that causes premature aging. The polyphenols in green tea act as free radical scavengers soaking up these unstable molecules before they can damage the collagen layer. Green tea extract has also been shown to soothe, heal and calm irritated skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
OXIDO REDUCTASES: Oxido Reductases is a powerful antioxidant agent that helps to reduce the oxidation process that can lead to premature aging. Oxido Reductases acts as a free radical scavenger, neutralizing free radical molecules in the skin that can lead to collagen/elastin damage. Oxido Reductases has also been shown to have skin lightening properties. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)

آب بند = Sealer
sealer = پلمپ کننده، آب بند

چلاندن = Squeeze
Squeeze = فشردن

CITRUS SINENSIS — Orange Pith Juice.The plant liquid squeezed from the pith and peel of oranges after they have been juiced. High in vitamin C and pectinic acid, it helps smooth the cuticle of the hair to lock in nutrients and enhance shine. (INCI dictionary)
EXPRESSION: Raw material is squeezed or compressed and the oils are collected. Of all raw materials, only the fragrant oils from the peels of fruits in the citrus family are extracted in this manner. (fragrance.org)
EXPRESSION, Raw material is squeezed or compressed and the oils are collected. Of all raw materials, only the fragrant oils from the peels of fruits in the citrus family are extracted in this manner. = فشردن یا افشردن یا متراكم سازی: یكی از روشهای بدست آوردن اسانس روغنی گیاهان است كه در آن ماده اولیه چلانده یا متراكم می شود تا روغن آن خارج شود. در میان روغنهای معطر فقط پوست میوه مركبات با این روش اسانسشان استخراج می شود.

اشعه فرابنفش نوع A = Uva
PSBA (phenylbenzimidazole sulfonic acid), Ensulizole, a common sunscreen agent. Ensulizole is primarily a UVB protecting agent providing only minimal UVA protection. = فنیل بنزینیدازول سولفونیک اسید، نوعی ماده ضد آفتاب، انسولیزول
UVAPF = عیار حفاظت در برابر پرتوهای فرابنفش نوع A
UVA = اشعه فرابنفش نوع A
8-oxo-dG (8-oxo-desoxyguanosine) (major DNA lesions induced by UVA) = هشت اُكسو دزوكسی گوآنوزین: مهمترین آسیب دی ان اِی در اثر پرتو فرابنفش UVA

آنتوان لاووازیه = Antoine Lavoisier
Antoine Lavoisier = آنتوان لاووازیه، شیمیدان فرانسوی قرن 18 که جایزه نوبل گرفت، پدر شیمی مدرن

پاتولوژیک = Pathologic
Pathologic = پاتولوژیک، عملکرد بیمار گونه

یون پرهیدروکسیل = Perhydroxyl

مؤسسه استاندارد و تحقیقات صنعتی ایران = Institute Of Standards And Industrial Research Of Iran

آلتروموناس = Alteromonas
alteromonas = آلتروموناس، نوعی باکتری گرم منفی میله ای

alteromonas macleodii = باکتری آلتراموناس ماکلئودی

موچسب = American Ivy
American Ivy, Parthenocissus quniquefolia = موچسب، عشقه آمریکایی، پاپیتال

مواد ضد ماتی = Anti Dullness

پمپ اسپری = Atomizer Pumps
atomizer pumps = پمپ های بطری های اسپری، پمپ های اتمایزر افشانه

بائوباب = Baobab
Baobab, Adansonia digitata = بائوباب، درخت تارتار، گیاهی آفریقایی

خوش خیم = Benign
Benign = خوش خیم، رشد غیر طبیعی ولی قابل کنترل بافت بدن

متصل کننده = Binder
binder = بیندر، متصل کننده، جفت کننده

CELLULOSE GUM — The most abundant polymer found in nature. Used as a setting agent in hairsprays, styling gels and mousses. A natural alternative to synthetic polymers (such as PVP) found in most mass-produced styling aids. Also used as a binder and thickener in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
Chitosan: A fiber derived from crustacean shells. Used as a lipid binder in diet products; hair, oral, and skin-care products; antiperspirants; and deodorants. Alternatives: raspberries, yams, legumes, dried apricots, many other fruits and vegetables. (peta.org)

بیوپسی = Biopsy
biopsy = برداشتن قطعه ای از بافت بدن برای بررسی میکروسکوپی، بیوپسی

excisional biopsy = برداشتت کامل ضایعه سرطانی

biopsies, pl of biopsy, an examination of tissue removed from a living body to discover the presence, cause, or extent of a disease. = بیوپسی، نمونه ای بافت زنده كه از بدن برداشته می شود تا علت یا وجود بیماری در آن بررسی شود.

شاه توت = Black Mulberry
Black Mulberry, Morus nigra = شاه توت، توت شامی

ظرف اختلاط = Blender Jar
blender jar = ظرف مخلوط کن

گندم سیاه = Buckwheat
Buckwheat, Fagopyrum esculentum = گندم سیاه

بالج = Bulge
bulge = بالج، برآمدگی نزدیک غدد سبابه که سلول های بنیادی مو در آن قرار گرفته است.

گیاه هل = Cardamom
Cardamom, Elettaria cardamonmum = هل، قاقله صغیر، هل نپالی، هل سیاه، هل قهوه ای

Nepalese Cardamom, Amomum aromaticum = هل نپالی

سورفکتانت کاتیونی = Cationic Surfactant

غار گیلاس = Cherry Laurel
Cherry Laurel, Prunus laurocerasus = جل، گیلاس لورل

کاسنی = Chicory
Chicory, Cichorium intybus = کاسنی، هندیبه، چیکوری

کورنئودسموزوم = Corneodesmosomes
corneodesmosomes = کورنئودسموزوم

کورنئوفیکس = Corneofix
corneofix = کورنیوفیکس

عملکرد پوست = Cutaneous Function

رنگ زدایی = Decoloration
Bleach, decoloration = دکلره، بلیچ، بی رنگ کردن

decoloration = دکلره، بی رنگ کردن

قائم مقام مدیر عامل = Deputy General Manager

دی اکسین = Dioxin
dioxin, Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, PCDDs = دی اکسین، پلی کلرینیتید دی بنزو دی اکسین

سوزن الکتریکی = Electric Needle
electric needle = سوزن الکتریکی، وسیله ای برای کوتر کردن و سوزاندن بافت سرطانی

الکتروفورز = Electrophoreses
Electrophoreses = الکتروفورز، حرکت ذرات کلوئیدی در مایع تحت تأثیر میدان الکتریکی

ظهر نویسی = Endorsement
Endorsement = ظهر نویسی، مثلاً وقتی مدرکی مثل نامه نمایندگی توسط اتاق بازرگانی کشور مبدأ ظهرنویسی می شود.

اپیلوبیوم = Epilobium
Epilobium Angustifolium, rosebay, willowherb, fireweed = اپیلوبیوم، ویلوهرب، بید کانادایی

اکالیپتوس = Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus = اکالیپتوس، درخت همیشه سبز که برگ های معطر دارد و در عطرسازی و اسانس گیری کاربرد دارد.

EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS — Eucalyptus Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties. Used in cleansers, massage formulations and bath soaks for its cooling, soothing effect on the skin. Herbalists recommend a few drops of the oil in a hot bath to open up blocked sinuses and help clear a stuffy nose. (INCI dictionary)
MELALEUCA ALTERNIFOLIA — Tea Tree Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic and germicidal properties, similar to eucalyptus oil. Due to its strong odor, it must be used in small amounts in cosmetics, but makes an excellent addition to dandruff shampoos and therapeutic masks and moisturizers. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن درخت چای: اسانس روغني با خاصيت آنتي سپتيك قدرتمند، ضدباكتري (جرمي سايد) شبيه روغن اوكاليپتوس. به علت رايحه شديد و قدرتمندش بايد تنها به ميزان اندكي در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي استفاده گردد. در شامپوهاي ضدشوره و ماسك هاي درماني و مرطوب كننده استفاده مي شود.
Eucalyptus Oil – Eucalyptus globulus (INCI dictionary)
Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus globulus = اکالیپتوس

فلوراید = Fluoride
fluoride = فلوراید، استر هیدروفلوریک اسید که برای جلوگیری از پوسیدگی دندان به فرمولاسیون خمیردندان اضافه می شود، سدیم فلوراید همچنین به عنوان یک افزودنی به آب تصفیه شده نیز ممکن است اضافه شود.

Fluoride toothpaste = خميردندان هاي حاوي فلورايد

Stannous fluoride = استانوس فلورايد

شاه تره = Fumitory
Fumitory, Fumaria officinalis = شاه تره، نوعی گیاه بالارونده

باریجه = Galbanum
Galbanum, boiss Ferula gumosa = باریجه، قاسنی، قنه، باریج

گلاسی متر = Glossimeter
glossimeter = گلاسی متر، دستگاهی که میزان درخشندگی (براقی) پوست را در اختلالاتی نظیر پوست چرب و مستعد آکنه و یا مشکلات ناشی از مصرف محصولات آرایشی، اندازه می گیرد.

هله بار سبز = Green Hellebore
Green Hellebore, Hellborus virdis = هله بار سبز، پا خرس، پاخرس

محیط رشد = Growth Medium
growth medium = محیط رشد

چتر مو = Hair Bangs
hair bangs = چتری مو

تون رنگ مو = Hair Color Tone

هارونگا = Haronga
Haronga, Harnga madagascariensis = هارونگا

عرق سوز = Heat Rash
Miliaria, prickly heat, heat rash = عرق سوز، عرق گز

Heat rash = عرق سوز

ورسک = Heather
Heather, Calluna vulgaris = ورسک

همپ نتل = Hempnettle
Hempnettle, Galeopsis segetum = همپ نتل، گیاه کله گربه

شامپوهای گیاهی = Herbal Shampoo
herbal shampoo = شامپوهایی که دارای عصاره های گیاهی می باشند.

علف هفت بند = Knotweed
Knotweed, Polygonum aviculare = علف هفت بند، زبان گنجشک

هاجنیا = Kousso
Kousso, Hagenia abyssinica = هاجنیا

لکوسیت = Leukocytes
Leukocytes = لکوسیت ها، گلبول های سفید، سلول های سفید خونی، سلولهای بی رنگ خون که با مواد بیگانه و بیماری زا مبارزه می کند.

موی لخت = Limp Hair
limp hair = موی لخت و کم پشت

مالئیک اسید = Maleic Acid
Malic acid, Maleic acid = مالیک اسید، مالئیک اسید، یکی از اسیدهای میوه ای مشتق از سیب

ملانوم = Melanoma
Melanoma = ملانوم، سرطان ملانوسیت ها، توموربدخیم و بسیار خطرناک سلولهای ملانوسیت که شدیدا مهاجم بوده و ممکن است به بافتهای دیگر بدن متاستاز دهد.

malignant melanoma = ملانوم بدخیم

رنگ فلزی = Metallic Color
metallic color = رنگ های فلزی

متاستاز = Metastasis
Metastasis = متاستاز، سلولهای بدخیم که از تومور اولیه جداشده و به بافت های دیگر بدن سرایت کرده است.

متیل زانتین = Methylxanthine
Methylxanthine = متیل زانتین، ترکیباتی مثل کافئین که تاثیر شناخته شده ای روی رفع سلولیت دارند.

مگزامتر = Mexameter
mexameter = مگزامتر، دستگاهی که بااستفاده ازاصول انعکاس و جذب نور، محتوای ملانین و هموگلوبین (اریتم یا قرمزی) سطح پوست را اندازه می گیرد.

میگرن = Migraines
migraines = میگرن

مینی پیل = Mini Peel
mini peel = مینی پیل، لایه برداری خفیف، پیلینگ بسیارسطحی پوست با اسیدهای آلفاهیدروکسی رقیق تر از 30 درصد

بادرنجبویه = Moldavian Dragonhead
Moldavian dragonhead, Dracocephalummoldavica = بادرنجبویه، بادرشبی

انگور کوهی = Mountain Grape
Mountain Grape, Mahonia aquifolicum = انگور کوهی، ماهونیا، انگور اورگون

مشک دانه = Musk Mallow
Musk mallow, Abelmoschus moschatus = مشک دانه

ندول = Nodule
nodule = ندول، تومور التهابی پوست که از پاپول عمیق تر است.

nodules are smaller tumors = ندول

اسانس روغنی غیرارگانیک = Non-Organic Essential Oil
non-organic essential oil = اسانس روغنی غیرارگانیک

نوکلئیک = Nucleic
Nucleic = نوکلئیک

Nucleic Acids: In the nucleus of all living cells. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, conditioners, etc. Also in vitamins, supplements. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
Deoxyribonucleic Acid, DNA = دِاوكسی ریبونوكلئوایك اسید

اکسیداتیو = Oxidative
oxidative = اکسیداتیو، اکسیدانی، اکسیداسیونی

CARNOSINE — Naturally occurring combination of the amino acids histidine and alanine, used in skin care products for its pro- tective and skin rejuvenating proper ties. An antioxidant and anti-in- flammatory, it protects collagen and elastin fibers in the skin from oxidative stress, improves elasticity and reduces wrinkles and other signs of aging. (INCI dictionary)
ASTAXANTHIN: Radical-neutralizing and the most powerful antioxidant in the carotenoid family. Up to 10 times stronger free radical protection than beta carotene and 1000 times more than Vitamin E, this red-orange carotenoid delivers powerful protection against lipid perodixation and oxidative damage, protecting cells, cell membranes and tissues from destructive aging surface radicals. (cellularskinrx.com)
ERGOTHIONEINE: Ergothioneine is a chirally-correct anti-oxidant amino acid superior to CoQ10 and Idebenone. It helps wake up sluggish, stressed skin cells and protects against oxidative stress caused by sugar, browned foods, alcohol, UV light, pollution and stress. A key energizing antioxidant for skin cells. (cellularskinrx.com)
MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT STEM CELL EXTRACT: This rare stem cell extracts prolongs epidermal cell life and encourages epidermal stem cells to produce more new cells. Protects existing skin cells from DNA damage caused by oxidative stress and UV light. Next Generation Anti-Aging Component of the most effective skin care products. (cellularskinrx.com)
oxidative stress = استرس اکسیدانی

CARNOSINE — Naturally occurring combination of the amino acids histidine and alanine, used in skin care products for its pro- tective and skin rejuvenating proper ties. An antioxidant and anti-in- flammatory, it protects collagen and elastin fibers in the skin from oxidative stress, improves elasticity and reduces wrinkles and other signs of aging. (INCI dictionary)
ERGOTHIONEINE: Ergothioneine is a chirally-correct anti-oxidant amino acid superior to CoQ10 and Idebenone. It helps wake up sluggish, stressed skin cells and protects against oxidative stress caused by sugar, browned foods, alcohol, UV light, pollution and stress. A key energizing antioxidant for skin cells. (cellularskinrx.com)
MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT STEM CELL EXTRACT: This rare stem cell extracts prolongs epidermal cell life and encourages epidermal stem cells to produce more new cells. Protects existing skin cells from DNA damage caused by oxidative stress and UV light. Next Generation Anti-Aging Component of the most effective skin care products. (cellularskinrx.com)

پالت رنگ = Palette
Palette = پالت، مثلاً پالت رنگ مو

PERFUMER’S PALETTE: The range of perfume ingredients from which a perfumer selects to use in the formulation of a perfume. There are 3400 raw materials available to perfumers – 400 naturals and 3000 synthetics. (fragrance.org)
palettes of eye shadow = پالت های سایه چشم

perfumer’s palette = پالت عطرساز

PERFUMER’S PALETTE: The range of perfume ingredients from which a perfumer selects to use in the formulation of a perfume. There are 3400 raw materials available to perfumers – 400 naturals and 3000 synthetics. (fragrance.org)

پالت های سایه چشم = Palettes Of Eye Shadow
palettes of eye shadow = پالت های سایه چشم

پاپول = Papule
papule = پاپول، نوعی جوش پوست

papule is small elevated pimple = پاپول به جوش های کمی برجسته گفته می شود

tubercle = abnormal lump similar to papule = برامدگی زگیل مانند = برآمدگی غیرعادی شبیه پاپول

یخ تاک = Pareira
Pareira, Chondrodendron tomentosum = یخ تاک

جعفری = Parsley
Parsley, Petroselinum crispum = جعفری

نفوذ پذیری = Permeability
hyperpermeability = نفوذپذیری بیش از حد

selective permeability = نفوذپذیری انتخابی

permeability = تراوایی

Escin β-sitosterol (beta-sitosterol) Phytosome® acts principally in capillaries. Its mechanism of action is mainly related to the modification of the vascular permeability. Escin β-sitosterol Phytosome® reduces the number and the diameter of the small pores of the capillary walls through which water exchange normally occurs. (aescin_phytosome)

گلبرگ = Petal

فیتودرماتیت = Phytodermatitis
phytodermatitis = فیتودرماتیت، درماتیت گیاهی، درماتیت تماسی در اثر تماس با گیاهانی مثل گزنه

جوش چرکی = Pimple
pimple = جوش، نوعی آکنه

papule is small elevated pimple = پاپول به جوش های کمی برجسته گفته می شود

pustule is an inflamed pimple that contains pus = پاستول به جوش التهابی گفته می شود که حاوی چرک است

محلول آرایشی = Preparation
preparation = (در نقش اسم) کرم یا محصول آرایشی بهداشتی که معمولاً دارای خاصیت دارویی نیز می باشد.

ACACIA CATECHU BARK POWDER — Acacia, Katha. Used as a natural coloring agent in henna hair preparations. (INCI dictionary) 
پودر تنه درخت آكاسيا به عنوان ماده رنگي طبيعي در محصولات موي بر پايه حنا استفاده مي شود.
ANGELICA SINENSIS — Chinese Angelica (Dong Quai). Superb skin and scalp tonic and antibacterial used in preparations for acne and other skin conditions. (INCI dictionary)
ARNICA MONTANA — Arnica Oil. Herbal extract used in hair tonics and massage preparations for its nourishing and anti-inflammatory proper ties. Combined with vitamin E, it is an excellent natural deodorant. (INCI dictionary)
BORAGO OFFICINALIS SEED OIL — Borage Oil. Nutrient- dense oil high in rare gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), also found in human breast milk. An anti-inflammatory and soothing agent, very beneficial for some dry skin conditions. Combined with Rosa Mosqueta® (Rosa rubiginosa) oil and alfalfa extract (Medicago sativa), borage oil is an excellent ingredient for dry or mature skin preparations. (INCI dictionary)
BUCHU LEAF — Antiseptic and anti-inflammator y helps dissolve excess oil and soothes and purifies the complexion. An excellent ingredient in preparations for acne-prone skin and blemishes. (INCI dictionary)
DEHYDROACETIC ACID — An organic compound used in cos- metic preparations for its antibacterial and antifungal proper ties. A natural preservative. (INCI dictionary)
henna hair preparations. (INCI dictionary)
EMBLICA OFFICINALIS — Indian Gooseberry. Used as a natural coloring agent in henna hair preparations. (INCI dictionary)
GINKGO BILOBA — Ginkgo Leaf Extract. Ancient Chinese herbal used in preparations to combat the effects of aging since 2,800 B.C. An anti-inflammatory and antiallergenic, very soothing to the skin and scalp. Combined with fumitor y in hair care prod- ucts, it increases the hair’s ability to absorb nutrients and improves scalp circulation. (INCI dictionary)
HEDERA HELIX — Ivy. Antifungal often found in massage lotions and anticellulite preparations for its skin-toning and firming prop- er ties. Contains malic acid, a natural fruit acid that encourages skin cell turnover. (See also Fruit Acids.) Also used in shampoos and hair products for dandruff and other scalp problems. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
HUMULUS LUPULUS — Hops. Antimicrobial and sedative, very soothing and toning to the hair and skin. In hair care preparations, it adds body and softness and is helpful in the treatment of dandruff and other scalp conditions. Combined with chamomile, it reduces swelling and relieves itching and irritation. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED OAT PROTEIN — A natural humectant used in skin care formulations for its powerful anti-aging proper ties. Used regularly, oat protein has been clinically shown to reduce the appearance of fine lines by 34% and deep wrinkles by 57%, and to keep skin hydrated for up to eight hours after application. In hair care preparations, it is an excellent conditioner and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from soy via the enzymatic hydrolysis process. Applied topically, it is an excellent hydrator that improves the texture and resiliency of the skin. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. In hair care preparations it is an excellent conditioner and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
LAURYL GLUCOSIDE — A surfactant and foaming agent naturally derived from coconut/beet sugar. It has excellent lathering capabilities and conditioning properties, and is very gentle on the hair and skin. It can be used alongside other glucosides to enhance the foam and increase the conditioning action of a product. Because it is a non-irritant, it is often used in preparations for sensitive skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA — Lavender, English Lavender. Essential oil obtained from lavender flowers. Added to skin and hair care preparations for its soothing and antiseptic proper ties and pleasant fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
MALTRODEXTRIN — Natural sugar from plant starches, used as a stabilizer in cosmetic preparations. (INCI dictionary)
MYROXYLON BALSAMUM — Balsam. Antiseptic and antibacterial widely used in topical preparations for its healing proper ties, and in hair tonics and antidandruff products. Sometimes also used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
PAEONIA LACTIFLORA — Peony Herb, Root. Antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory used in acne preparations and in toothpastes and other oral hygiene products to promote healthy teeth and gums. (INCI dictionary)
PERSEA GRATISSIMA — Avocado Oil. A good source of vitamins A, D and E, amino acids and sterols. Herbalists traditionally have used avocado oil in hair and scalp preparations and in the treatment of chronic dry skin conditions. Easily absorbed by the skin and scalp, it is very soothing and nourishing. (INCI dictionary)
PINUS STROBUS BARK EXTRACT — White Pine Bark. Native Americans used this soothing extract in preparations for dry scalp and skin conditions long before coal tar and other petrochemicals were ever used. (INCI dictionary)
POLYPODIUM LEUCOTOMOS — Calaguala Fern Extract. Used by Mayan Indians in skin and scalp preparations as far back as 350 B.C., this soothing herbal smoothes and conditions the skin and helps clear and tone the scalp and remove buildup. A superb addition to preparations for dry skin and scalp conditions. (INCI dictionary)
QUILLAJA SAPONARIA — Quillaya Bark. A natural soap with excellent foam-boosting and cleansing abilities, containing 9-10% saponins. An astringent and anti-inflammator y, it is used in sham- poos and hair care preparations for dandruff and other scalp problems. (INCI dictionary)
SALICYLIC ACID — The active ingredient in aspirin, a natural an- ti-inflammatory and exfoliant used in the treatment of acne and preparations for oily skin. Applied topically, it penetrates the fol- licle and encourages the shedding of dead skin cells from within, breaking up oil deposits and debris that can cause blocked pores and blemishes. Natural sources of salicylic acid include willow bark extract (Salix nigra) and wintergreen oil (Gaultheria procumbens). (INCI dictionary)
SALVIA OFFICINALIS — Sage Oil. A purifier and tonic, its an- tibacterial action makes it ideal for sensitive skin or scalp and an- tidandruff preparations. It is often combined with rosemar y in hair and skin care products and, like rosemar y, it has antioxidant prop- er ties and is very beneficial to the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEED OIL — Jojoba Oil, Jojoba Wax. Waxy oil extracted from the bean, which helps the jojoba des- ert plant retain water during the long summer drought. When used in cosmetic preparations, it not only acts as a humectant, but actually creates a protective film over the skin and hair shaft that helps seal in moisture. The oil is highly stable and very effective on dry skin, dam- aged hair and split ends. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM COCOYL HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN — A mild, natural soap. (See also Sodium Cocoate and Hydrolyzed Soy Protein.) SODIUM HYALURONATE — A naturally occurring glycosami- noglycan (polysaccharide) derived from beneficial bacteria. Used in skin care preparations to help attract and retain moisture. SODIUM HYDROXIDE — An alkaline salt obtained when elec- trolysis (positive and negative poles) is applied to seawater or salt water. Chlorine collects at the positive pole, and sodium hydroxide collects at the negative pole. (INCI dictionary)
TRITICUM AESTIVUM — Wheatgrass. Anti-inflammatory used in the treatment of eczema and dermatitis. An ingredient in many preparations for problem skin, and in shampoos and hair condition- ers. Contains plant sterols. (INCI dictionary)
TUSSILAGO FARFARA — Coltsfoot. Superb skin nutrient, high in polysaccharides, vitamin C and zinc. A natural anti-inflammatory and soothing agent, it helps soften and regenerate the skin. Combined with horsetail in hair care preparations, it strengthens and smoothes hair fiber and promotes scalp health. (INCI dictionary)
XANTHAN GUM — Polysaccharide derived from beneficial bac- teria, used as a natural stabilizer, thickener and emulsifier in cosmet- ic preparations. (INCI dictionary)
Casein Caseinate Sodium Caseinate: Milk protein. In “nondairy” creamers, soy cheese, many cosmetics, hair preparations, beauty masks. Alternatives: soy protein, soy milk, and other vegetable milks. (peta.org)
Royal Jelly: Secretion from the throat glands of worker honeybees. Fed to the larvae in a colony and to all queen larvae. No proven value in cosmetics preparations. Alternatives: aloe vera, comfrey, other plant derivatives. (peta.org)
Steroids Sterols: From various animal glands or from plant tissues. Steroids include sterols. Sterols are alcohol from animals or plants (e.g., cholesterol). Used in hormone preparation. In creams, lotions, hair conditioners, fragrances, etc. Alternatives: plant tissues, synthetics. (peta.org)
Oleic Acid: Obtained from various animal and vegetable fats and oils. Usually obtained commercially from inedible tallow. (See Tallow.) In foods, soft soap, bar soap, permanent wave solutions, creams, nail polish, lipsticks, many other skin preparations. Derivatives: Oleyl Oleate, Oleyl Stearate. Alternatives: coconut oil. (See alternatives to Animal Fats and Oils.) (peta.org)
PhytoCellTec™ Malus Domestica is a patented liposomal preparation of apple stem cells derived from the Uttwiler Spätlauber, a rare Swiss apple variety. These apple stem cells are rich in epigenetic factors and metabolites, which ensures the longevity of skin cells. PhytoCellTec™ Malus Domestica has been shown to protect skin stem cells while also delaying the senescence of hair follicles. PhytoCellTec™ Malus Domestica succeeds in delivering a revolutionary anti-aging performance for real rejuvenation. (mibellebiochemistry.com/products/phytocelltec-malus-domestica/)

پوستول = Pustule
pustule = پاستول، پوستول، پوسچول، نوعی جوش پوست 

pustule is an inflamed pimple that contains pus = پاستول به جوش التهابی گفته می شود که حاوی چرک است

رئولوژی = Rheology
rheology modofication = اصلاح ویژگی های رئولوژیکی

واحد فروش = Sales Department

بیدمشک = Salix Aegyptiaca

سرنگ = Syringe
syringe = سرنگ

هلیله = Tropical Almond
Tropical Almond, Terminalia chebula = هلیله، بادام گرمسیری

تومور = Tumor
Tumor, Neoplasm = نئوپلاسم، تومور، ضایعه ای که با رشد بیش از حد بافت بدن تظاهر می یابد
nodules are smaller tumors = ندول

ابروپیوست = Unibrow
unibrow = ابرو پیوست

لوسیون بدون بو = Unscented Lotion
unscented lotion = لوسیون بدون بو که قبل از مصرف عطر و ادکلن استفاده می شود

سوسن سفید = White Lily
White Lily, Lilium candidum = سوسن، سوسن سفید

غیر عادی = Abnormal
abnormal = غیر عادی، نامنظم، بر خلاف قانون طبیعی

cyst is semi fluid abnormal fomation above or below the skin that contains pus or abnormal matter = کیست = برآمدگی غیرعادی پوست که حاوی چرک یا یک مایع غیر معمول است

tubercle = abnormal lump similar to papule = برامدگی زگیل مانند = برآمدگی غیرعادی شبیه پاپول

گسیختگی ناگهانی = Abruption
abruption = گسیختگی ناگهانی

قابلیت جذب  = Absorbability
absorbability = قابلیت جذب 

شتاب دادن، افزایش سرعت = Accelerate
accelerate = شتاب دادن، افزایش سرعت

RETINYL PALMITATE — Vitamin A. Antioxidant vitamin widely used (both internally and topically) in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions. Its topical application promotes the formation of new skin cells and helps regulate oil secretion in the sebaceous glands. Par ticularly beneficial for dry or sun-exposed skin, it is often found in sun protection creams for its antioxidant proper ties and its soothing and hydrating effect on the skin. (A deficiency of vitamin A in the body reduces the mucopolysaccharides in the skin, which accelerates the skin’s aging process.) Also used as a natural preser- vative in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary)
CAROB SEED EXTRACT: Phyto-repair molecules restore the balance of natural regenerative skin systems depleted by age. Accelerates the recovery of stressed skin tissue. Reduces redness, inflammation. Skin's resilience, color, and volume are increased. (cellularskinrx.com)
RETINOL: Retinol is pure active Vitamin A which is scientifically proven to produce healthy, plump skin cells. Because Retinol's molecular structure is small enough to penetrate the outer layers of the epidermis, it can repair deeper layers within the skin.  Collagen and elastin are positively impacted by the benefits of Retinol, as it stimulates the production of collagen in the skin layers, and helps to rebuild and repair elastin fibers. Retinol accelerates cell turnover, encouraging dead skin cells to naturally exfoliate more quickly, thus revealing healthy, fresh cells. It is an excellent ingredient that aids in the repair of sun damaged skin.  Retinol has been proven to be extremely helpful in the treatment of acne without the drying effects (cellularskinrx.com)

شتاب دهنده = Accelerator
accelerator = شتاب دهنده

Tan accelerator = شتاب دهنده به فرایند برنزه شدن

انباشتگی  = Accumulation
LIPID ACCUMULATION IN SEBOCYTES & CELL VIABILITY = تجمع لیپید در سبوسیت ها و زیست پذیری سلول ها

accumulation of dead cell debris in the pore = انباشت سلول های مرده در منافذ

inhibitor of lipid accumulation = مهارکننده انباشت لیپید

fat accumulation and deposit = تجمع و رسوب چربی ها 

algae bloom, algal bloom is a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae = رشد سریع جلبک ها

stimulator of lipid accumulation = محرک انباشت لیپید

Protocol of Lipid Accumulation = روش انباشت لیپید

accumulation = تجمع، انباشتگی 

YEAST PROTEIN: Improves the microcirculation of the skin by increasing cell respiration. Improved circulation in the under-eye area reduces fluid accumulation that can lead to puffiness and bags. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
lipid accumulation = انباشت لیپید

جوش های سرسفید = Acne Albida
acne albida = میلیوم، جوش های سرسفید

پوست مستعد آکنه = Acne Prone Skin
acne prone skin = پوست مستعد آکنه

اکرئولین = Acrolein
acrolein = اکرئولین، پروپنال، ساده ترین آلدهید اشباع نشده

ناخن های آکریلی = Acrylic Nails
acrylic nails = ناخن های مصنوعی که از ترکیب محصولات آکریلی مایع و پودری به دست می آیند.

آکتین = Actin
actinic ray = پرتوهای نامرئی که ایجاد واکنش شیمیایی می کنند، پرتوهای با طول موج بالاتر از طیف بنفش که قادر به ایجاد تغییرات شیمیایی می باشند.
actinic dermatosis = بیماری التهابی پوست که در اثر تابش شدید نور آفتاب ایجاد می شود و می تواند اگزمایی شود.
actinodermatitis = درماتیت ایجاد شده در اثر مواجهه بیش از حد با نور آفتاب، پرتوهای آکتینیک و اشعه ایکس
actinotherapy = درمان بیماری ها با استفاده از نور خورشید، اشعه ایکس و پرتوهای فرابنفش
actinic = آکتینیک، مربوط به آن بخشی از اشعه طیف مرئی که فعالیت شیمیایی دارد.
actin = آکتین، رشته های ماهیچه ای که به ماهیچه قابلیت کشش می دهند.
organoleptic, acting on or involving the use of the sense organs. = ارگانولپتیک، مربوط به اندام های حسی و ادارکی
actinic aging = پیری در اثر پرتوهای شیمیایی
legislation, process of making or enacting laws = قانونگذاری
Slow acting but effective antacid = ضد اسيد مؤثر ولي با اثر كُند

پیری نوری = Actinic Aging
actinic aging = پیری در اثر پرتوهای شیمیایی

آکتینو درماتیت = Actinodermatitis
actinodermatitis = درماتیت ایجاد شده در اثر مواجهه بیش از حد با نور آفتاب، پرتوهای آکتینیک و اشعه ایکس

درمان با نور = Actinotherapy
actinotherapy = درمان بیماری ها با استفاده از نور خورشید، اشعه ایکس و پرتوهای فرابنفش

کافئین فعال = Active Caffeine
active caffeine = کافئین فعال، کافئین موثر

آدنیلات سیکلاز  = Adenylate Cyclase
adenylate cyclase = آدنیلات سیکلاز 

چسبنده = Adhesive
adhesive patch = بخش کوچکی از قسمت درونی مو مصنوعی آقایان که با یک ماده چرب ابریشمی پوشیده شده است.

adhesive = چسبان، چسبنده، چسب دار، ماده چسبنده که برای سریع چسباندن چیزی استفاده می شود.

Hide Glue: Same as gelatin but of a cruder impure form. Alternatives: dextrins and synthetic petrochemical-based adhesives. (See Gelatin.) (peta.org)
Blood: From any slaughtered animal. Used as adhesive in plywood, also found in cheese-making, foam rubber, intravenous feedings, and medicines. Possibly in foods such as lecithin. Alternatives: synthetics, plant sources. (peta.org)
adhesiveness = چسبندگی 

آدیپیک اسید = Adipic Acid
adipic acid = آدیپیک اسید، ماده شیمیایی که از چغندر قند به دست آمده و برای بافر کردن و خنثی کردن به رنگ موها اضافه می شود.

آدیپوکین  = Adipokine
adipokine = آدیپوکین 

طاسی مادرزادی = Adnata Alopecia
adnata alopecia = طاسی مادرزادی

آدرنال = Adrenal
adrenaline = آدرنالین، هورمونی که در اثر استرس توسط غدد فوق کلیوی ترشح شده، سیستم عصبی را تحریک نموده، متابولیسم بدن را افزایش می دهد، فشار قلبی را افزایش داده، فشار خون را افزایش می دهد و بدن را برای تقلای حداکثری آماده می کند.

adrenal = غده درون ریز که روی کلیه ها قرار گرفته، غدد فوق کلیوی

Cortisone Corticosteroid: When animal-derived, a hormone from adrenal glands. However, a synthetic is widely used. Typically used in medicine. Alternatives: synthetics. (peta.org)
adrenal glands = غدد فوق کلیوی

Cortisone Corticosteroid: When animal-derived, a hormone from adrenal glands. However, a synthetic is widely used. Typically used in medicine. Alternatives: synthetics. (peta.org)

غدد فوق کلیوی = Adrenal Glands
adrenal glands = غدد فوق کلیوی

Cortisone Corticosteroid: When animal-derived, a hormone from adrenal glands. However, a synthetic is widely used. Typically used in medicine. Alternatives: synthetics. (peta.org)

آئروب = Aerobe
aerobe = میکروارگانیسمی که می تواند فقط در حضور اکسیژن زنده بماند.

استتیسین = Aesthetician
esthetician, aesthetician = کارشناس و متبحر در زیبایی شناسی. کسی که حرفه و پیشه کاری او پاکسازی و مراقبت از پوست و زیباسازی آن است.

جذب تمایلی = Affinity
affinity = جذب تمایلی، آفینیتی، تمایل یک ماده برای ترکیب شدن، جذب شدن یا آمیختن با ماده دیگر، در علم شیمی ویژگی اتم هایی که تمایل دارند با اتم های دیگر ترکیب شده و یک ماده مرکب را تشکیل دهند.

ANDIRA ARAROBA — Goa Herb, Chrysarobin. A natural astringent, its chemical affinity to the keratin elements of the skin makes this herb an excellent treatment for acne, eczema and other skin conditions. A calming agent for itching, flaking or irritated skin. (INCI dictionary)
MACADAMIA TERNIFOLIA — Macadamia Nut Oil. An excellent moisturizer and protector for hair and skin. High in essential fatty acids, its natural affinity to human sebum makes it an excellent skin care ingredient. (INCI dictionary)
PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL PENTAPEPTIDE 3: Clinically proven to regenerate the skin's upper layers by stimulating collagen production, thus thickening the epidermis. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of the C-terminal portion of collagen I (the most common type of the nineteen forms of collagen) combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. One could look at Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 as a man-made precursor to collagen I. When this protein is added to cultured human fibroblasts it enhances the synthesis of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin. In vitro, Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen IV synthesis by 100-327% and to stimulate hyaluronic acidsynthesis by 267%. In vivo Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen synthesis by 30-117%. Image analysis determined the effect Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had on wrinkled skin. The six-month results are listed below, though significant results were seen in two months. Results: Mean wrinkle depth -- Reduced 17% Surface area: deep wrinkles -- Reduced 68% Surface area: moderate wrinkles -- Reduced 51% Mean density of wrinkled area -- Reduced 47% Skin roughness -- Reduced 16% Main wrinkle volume -- Reduced 24%. These results show that Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had a dramatic effect on reducing the quantity and depth of wrinkles. It also improved surface smoothness. (cellularskinrx.com)
strong affinity with the stratum corneum = جذب تمایلی قوی نسبت به لایه شاخی پوست

bioaffinity with hair fiber = تمایل به جذب روی تارهای مو 

strong affinity with hair = جذب تمایلی زیاد نسبت به مو

affinity for water = جذب تمایلی به آب

موی آفریقایی = African Hair
african hair = موی آفریقایی

شانه چنگال مانند = Afro-Lifter
afro-lifter = شانه چنگال مانند برای مدل دادن به موهای فر

رشد ناقص = Agenesis
agenesis = رشد ناقص یکی از اعضای بدن.

هم زدن شدید = Agitation
agitation, stirring = هم زدن شدید همراه با ایجاد تلاطم

agitation or stitrring of water = هم زدن شدید آب

بسته بندی بدون هوا  = Airless Pack
airless pack = بسته بندی بدون هوا 

پمپ های عاری از هوا = Airless Pump
airless pump = پمپ های عاری از هوا

آلبینیسم = Albinism
albinism = آلبینیسم، زالی پوست

albinism = آلبینیسم

رایحه بادام = Almond Flavor
Almond flavor = رایحه بادام

تغییر وضعیت = Alteration
alteration = تغییر وضعیت

آمبرگریس = Ambergris
AMBERGRIS, Lumps of oxidized fatty compounds, whose precursors were secreted and expelled by the Sperm Whale. Ambergris is commonly referred to as “amber” in perfumery. = آمبرگریس، توده‌هایی از تركیبات چرب اكسید شده كه پیش­سازهای آن توسط نهنگ عنبر ترشح شده و از بدن او خارج شده است. آمبرگریس را در عطرسازی به اختصار عنبر می‌گویند.

یاقوتی = Amethyst
Amethyst = یاقوتی، نوعی رنگ فانتزی برای مو

دو خصلتی = Amphiphilic
biosurfactants, amphiphilic compounds produced on living surfaces = بیوسورفکتانت ها، ترکیبات آمفی فیلی (دو خصلتی) که توسط ارگانیسم های سطحی تولید می شوند

amphiphilic = دو خصلتی، مشخصه آمفی فیلیکی ، مسئول خاصیت امولسیون کنندگی فسفولیپیدها است.

مویرگ سازی = Angiogenesis
angiogenesis = مویرگ سازی، آنژیوژنز، رگ سازی، ﺗﺸﻜیﻞ ﻣﻮیﺮگ ﻫﺎی ﺟﺪیﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺮﻭﻕ ﭘیﺸیﻦ

آنژیوژنیک = Angiogenic
angiogenic = مربوط به مویرگ سازی، تشکیل مویرگ های جدید 

ماده ضد استرس = Anti-Stress Agent
anti-stress agent = ماده ضد استرس

ضد ترک پوست = Anti-Stretch Mark
anti-stretch mark = ضد ترک پوست

آنتی تایروسیناز = Anti-Tyrosinase
anti-tyrosinase = ضد تیروزیناز، مهارکننده آنزیم تیروزیناز

سمیت آبی  = Aquatic Toxicity
aquatic toxicity = سمیت آبی 

محیط مائی = Aqueous Media 
aqueous media  = محیط مائی، محیط آبی

آرابینو گالاکتان = Arabinogalactan
arabinogalactan = آرابینو گالاکتان، ماده قندی و پلی ساکاریدی که از دو مونومر آرابینوز و گالاکتوز تشکیل شده است.

آرابینوز = Arabinose
Arabinose = آرابینوز، یک مونوساکارید با 5 اتم کربن

آرئولا = Areola
areola = ناحیه حلقوی تیره پوست اطراف نوک پستان

areolar = حلقوی

آرماتور  = Armature
armature = آرماتور 

گیاه ون = Ash
Primary washing = شست و شوی اولیه که معمولاً برای زدودن آلودگی های قابل حل در آب استفاده می شود.
rinsed, washed with clean water to remove soap, makeup, dirt, or impurities = آبکشی با آب، شستن با آب تمیز به منظور زدودن صابون، آرایش و آلودگی ها
skin rashes, noticeable change in the texture or color of your skin = راش پوستی، تغییر واضح در بافت و رنگ پوست
Cashew, Anacardium occidentale = بلاذر، بلادر، بادام هندی، کاشو
Rash = راش های پوستی، نوعی تحریک پوست
Fashion dyes = رنگ موهای فشن و فانتزی
Ash, Fraxinus excelsior = ون، زبان گنجشک معمولی
Eyelash Comb = شانه مژه های چشم 
Cashew nut, cassuvium pomiferum = بادام هندی، کاشو
false eyelashes, Eyelash extensions, false lashes = مژه های مصنوعی
Miliaria, prickly heat, heat rash = عرق سوز، عرق گز
diaper rash cream = کرم تعویض پوشک
eyelashes = مژه ها، مژه
Fashion man = مرد مد شیفته
diaper rash = ادرارسوز
Heat rash = عرق سوز
chole, Chloé, a French luxury fashion house = کلوئه
Eyelash Curler = فرمژه 
Mascara for darker eyelashes = ریمل برای مژه های تیره تر
MACERATION, Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. = ماسیراسیون: روشی است كه در آن گلها را وارد روغن داغ می كنند سپس پماد به دست آمده را با الكل می شویند.
Cosmetic mouthwash = دهان شويه هاي معمولي
Therapeutic mouthwash = دهان شويه درماني
face wash = فیس واش، شوینده صورت

جذب در بدن  = Assimilate
assimilate = جذب در بدن 

APHANIZOMENON FLOS AQUAE — Blue Green Algae. Made up of 50% to 70% utilizable protein, blue green algae is an excellent food, used for thousands of years for its mild taste and easily assimilated nutrients. A good source of enzymes, minerals, trace minerals and antioxidants, its amino acid profile is virtually identical to that of humans, which makes it more readily absorbed by the skin. Used in hair care products for its protein content, it helps revitalize and condition dull, damaged hair. (INCI dictionary)
VITIS VINIFERA EXTRACT — Grape Seed Extract. One of the most powerful antioxidants around, high in proanthocyani- dins, a group of bioflavonoids superior to most because they are water-soluble and much more easily assimilated by the body. A hard-working free radical scavenger, it prevents skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pollution. (INCI dictionary)

پوست آتوپیک = Atopic Skin
atopic skin = پوست آتوپیک، پوست حساس

رنگ های اسیدی آزو = Azo Acid Dyes
azo acid dyes = رنگ های اسیدی آزو

مراقبت از کودک = Baby Care
baby care = مراقبت از کودک

رشد باکتریایی = Bacterial Growth
bacterial growth = رشد باکتریایی

پاک کننده های مومی  = Balm Cleansers
Balm cleansers = پاک کننده های مومی 

بنر تبلیغاتی = Banner
banner = بنر تبلیغاتی

سد محافظ پوست = Barrier
breach of the skin's barrier function = ایجاد اختلال در عملکرد سدی پوست

barrier = بریر، حائل، لایه محافظ

CAPRYLIC / CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE — Lightweight emollient derived from glycerin and coconut oil that helps suppor t the skin’s moisture barrier. A superb conditioning agent, it adds to the spreadability of creams and lotions and helps promote the delivery of vitamins and other beneficial ingredients onto the skin. (INCI dictionary)
ARGAN OIL: From the deserts of Morocco, sustainably harvested, argan oil generously supplies the skin with vitamins C and E and other essential lipids. Skin's lipid supply is restored. The cutaneous barrier is maintained when used for cleansing. (cellularskinrx.com)
BORAGE OIL: Plant-derived natural oil derived from the flower and seed pods, it protects the skin's natural lipid barrier. Smooths rough, dry skin. Provides essential lipids to the epidermis. (cellularskinrx.com)
MARAJUCA OIL: Naturally-derived from the seed of the passion fruit plant, sustainably harvested from the forests of Brazil, Marajuca oil is full of antioxidants, linoleic acid and omega 6. Skin's natural lipid barrier is restored and maintained when using this oil for facial cleansing. Hydration returns to normal levels immediately. Firming and other texture changes will occur after continuous use. (cellularskinrx.com)
NIACINAMIDE: Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. It stops the skin cells that produce pigment from transferring that pigment to surface skin cells, thereby minimizing unwanted dark spots. It is also an effective moisturizer helping the skin produce more ceramides and fatty acids, which are crucial components of your skin barrier. As that barrier is strengthened, skin is better able to keep moisture in and irritants out. Redness and inflammation are visibly reduced. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer and F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
ROSEMARY: Rosemary contains a phyto-lipid that helps skin to repair its protective barrier. Over time, it can inspire skin to increase its barrier lipid production by up to 450%. The result is increased moisture retention and a softer, smoother, plumper skin. Used in Calming BioLipid Repair Creme and Fluid. (cellularskinrx.com)
SEA BUCKTHORN OIL: Rich in omega 3, 6, 7 and 9, oil from this incredible plant replaces moisture lost due to environmental insults and aging. Skin's natural lipid barrier is restored and protected. Skin's texture is improved. Overall, skin's health is greatly improved. Used in CSRx Facial Cleansing Oil and Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
cutaneous barrier function = عملکرد انسدادی پوست

barrier function = عملکرد سدی پوست

cross the cutaneous barrier = عبور از سد پوستی 

skin barrier function, cutaneous barrier function = عملکرد سدی پوست

skin barrier = سد محافظ پوست

NIACINAMIDE: Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. It stops the skin cells that produce pigment from transferring that pigment to surface skin cells, thereby minimizing unwanted dark spots. It is also an effective moisturizer helping the skin produce more ceramides and fatty acids, which are crucial components of your skin barrier. As that barrier is strengthened, skin is better able to keep moisture in and irritants out. Redness and inflammation are visibly reduced. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer and F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
cutaneous barrier = سد پوستی 

ARGAN OIL: From the deserts of Morocco, sustainably harvested, argan oil generously supplies the skin with vitamins C and E and other essential lipids. Skin's lipid supply is restored. The cutaneous barrier is maintained when used for cleansing. (cellularskinrx.com)

سلول های بازال = Basal Cell
basal cell = سلول های بازال ، سلول های عمقی ترین لایه اپیدرم

Basal cells = سلولهای پایه ای

basal cell carcinoma = سرطان سلول بازال

stratum germinativum also called basal cell layer = استراتوم ژرمیناتوم یا لایه بازال

خط مبنا  = Baseline
baseline = خط مبنا 

PALMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE 3: Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 has been clinically proven to suppress the body's production of interleukins (IL6), the chemical messengers that trigger inflammation, the first step in the aging cascade. Inflammation is a function of immunity and is a protective response to injury or destruction of tissue. This is the body's way of walling off the injurious agent and the injured tissue. Under normal circumstances, very little IL6 is secreted and its secretion is strictly controlled. However, as we age this regulation system develops defects, and significant levels of IL6 appear in the plasma even when there is no inflammatory stimulus. This results in high levels of inflammatory proteins in the tissues and a loss of healing potential. At concentrations from 10 ppm, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 induces a marked reduction in the secretion of the cytokine IL6. This reduction is progressive and depends on the concentration of the peptide: baseline secretion may be inhibited by up to 40%. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 reduced levels of IL6 after cells were exposed to UV radiation by up to 86% even though IL6 had been increased by about 20 fold by the UV. These results show that Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is able to affect baseline levels of IL6 as well as modulate the effects of UV-stimulated over-production of IL6. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is marketed by Sederma as a molecule that can restore cytokine equilibrium, which characterizes youthful skin. (cellularskinrx.com)

بنتونیت  = Bentonite
bentonite = بنتونیت 

Isinglass: A form of gelatin prepared from the internal membranes of fish bladders. Sometimes used in “clearing” wines and in foods. Alternatives: bentonite clay, “Japanese isinglass,” agar-agar (see alternatives to Gelatin), mica, a mineral used in cosmetics. (peta.org)

احساس بهتر = Better Feel
better feel = احساس بهتر

شبکه دولایه ای = Bilayer Network
bilayer network = شبکه دولایه ای

زیست فعال  = Bioactive
bioactive = زیست فعال 

زیست سازگار  = Biocompatible
biocompatible = زیست سازگار 

زیست تخریب پذیری  = Biodegradability
biodegradability = زیست تخریب پذیری 

ماده مؤثره بیولوژیکی  = Biological Active
biological active = ماده مؤثره بیولوژیکی 

توده زیستی  = Biomass
biomass = توده زیستی 

زیست مقلد = Biomimetic
biomimetic = زیست مقلد، بایومیمتیک، بیومیمتیک

α-MSH biomimetic peptide = پپتیت های مشابه هورمون تحریك كننده ملانوسیت

پایه دکلره شده = Bleached Base
Bleached base = پایه دکلره شده

بلمیش بالم = Blemish Balm
BB creams, short for beauty balms or blemish balms. = بی بی كرم ها : علامت اختصاری بیوتی بالم یا بلمیش بالم

مخلوط کن = Blender
Face Blender Brush = برس ترکیب کننده رنگ آرایش صورت 

Eye Blender Brush = برس ترکیب کننده رنگ سایه چشم

blender jar = ظرف مخلوط کن

blender = مخلوط کن

سشوار کردن = Blow Dry
blow dry = خشک کردن مو با سشوار

برس رژگونه = Blush Brush
Blush Brush = برس رژگونه

اسپری بدن = Body Spray
body spray = اسپری بدن

بردفورد = Bradford Method
bradford method = روش بردفورد اندازه گیری پروتئین

ایجاد کردن = Bringing About
bringing about = ایجاد کردن

پرز برس = Bristle
Bristle = پرز برس

Boar Bristles: Hair from wild or captive hogs. In “natural” toothbrushes and bath and shaving brushes. Alternatives: vegetable fibers, nylon, the peelu branch or peelu gum (Asian, available in the U.S.; its juice replaces toothpaste). (peta.org)

پودر خرد شده  = Broken Powder
Broken powder = پودر خرد شده 

برس برنزه کردن = Bronzer Brush
Bronzer Brush = برس برای استفاده از محصولات برنزه کننده

بافر کردن = Buffering
buffering = بافر کردن

اجزاء سازنده = Building Block
building block = اجزاء سازنده

AMINO ACIDS — Amino acids are “the building blocks” that make up proteins. Because proteins are necessary to every living cell and are involved in every major process in the body, amino acids are essential to health. Of the roughly 28 known amino acids, 80 percent are manufactured by the body. The others, known as essential amino acids, must be obtained from the diet. Amino acids support proteins in the skin (collagen, elastin, etc.) and, used in certain combinations, help regulate oil production in the skin and scalp. Human hair is made up of 18 amino acids, which is why many quality hair care products contain them. (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي آمينه: اجزاي سازنده پروتئين ها هستند. پروتئين ها براي هر سلول زنده ضروري هستند. حدوداً 28 نوع اسيد آمينه شناخته شده است. 80 درصد آنها توسط بدن ساخته مي شود. بقيه آنها كه به آنها اسيدهاي آمينه ضروري مي گويند بايد توسط رژيم غذايي بدن تأمين گردد. آمينواسيدها پروتئين هاي پوست (مثل كلاژن و الاستين) را حمايت مي كند. موي انسان 18 اسيد آمينه دارد، به همين علت در تركيبات محصولات مراقبت از پوست از اسيدهاي آمينه استفاده مي شود.
FATTY ACIDS — Basic building blocks of fats and oils. (See Glycer yl linoleate, Glycer yl linolenate.) (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED VEGETABLE PROTEIN — Termed the building block of life, protein is our most import tant food, a leading source of vitamins and essential amino acids. Generally found in meats, eggs and dairy y products, protein can also be obtained from soy, wheat and other plant sources. Applied topically, vegetable protein is an excellent hydrator, readily absorbed by the skin for improved tex- ture. In hair care formulas, it combines with fatty acids and amino acids to coat porous or damaged hair and split ends. (See also Hy- drolyzed oat protein, Hydrolyzed soy protein, Hydrolyzed wheat protein.) (INCI dictionary)
Amino Acids: The building blocks of protein in all animals and plants. In cosmetics, vitamins, supplements, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: synthetics, plant sources. (peta.org)
SPECIALTIES: Natural oils, natural isolates or synthetics, either alone or in combination, which are used as building blocks for fragrance compounds. They are less complex than a finished fragrance compound. They may be an end-product of special processing treatments or unique raw materials. A single company under a trade name usually supplies them. (fragrance.org)

توده های برجسته = Bumpy Lumps
bumpy lumps = توده های برجسته

کاندیدا آلبیکانز  = Candida Albicans
candida albicans = کاندیدا آلبیکانز، کاندیدا آلبیکنس، کاندیدا آلبیکانس

کاپیکسیل = Capixyl
Capixyl = کاپیکسیل

درب ها و پمپ ها = Caps And Pumps
caps and pumps = درب ها و پمپ ها

کربومر = Carbomer
carbomer = کربومر

مواد سرطانزا = Carcinogens
carcinogens = سرطانزا

فشار قلبی = Cardiac Pressure
cardiac pressure = فشار قلبی

مایعات حامل  = Carrying Liquids
carrying liquids = مایعات حامل 

پپتید کاتیونی = Cationic Peptide
cationic peptide = پپتید کاتیونی

احیای سلولی  = Cell Regeneration
cell regeneration = احیای سلولی 

EXFOLIANTS — Used in masks, scrubs and cleansing lotions, exfoliants encourage skin cell regeneration by removing dead skin cells, making way for new cells underneath. Manual exfoliants such as ground nuts, meals and jojoba wax spheres gently slough off dead skin cells, while fruit acid exfoliants dissolve the cellular glue that holds skin cells together to reveal new, fresh cells. Enzymatic exfoliants such as papaya digest dead skin cells and offer the mildest form of exfoliation. (INCI dictionary) 
لايه بردارها: در ماسك ها، اسكراب ها و لوسيون هاي پاك كننده استفاده مي شود. با كاهش، از بين بردن و زدودن سلول هاي مرده، نوسازي سلولي را در پوست افزايش مي دهند. به اين ترتيب راه را براي سلول هاي تازه زيرين هموار مي كند. لايه بردارهايي مثل نات هاي گراند، ذرات كروي موم جوجوبا به خوبي سلول هاي مرده پوست را مي زدايند اما لايه بردارهاي اسيد ميوه اي چسب سلولي كه سلول ها را كنار هم نگه مي دارد را حل نموده تا سلول ها آزاد شوند. لايه بردارهاي آنزيمي مثل پاپايا سلول هاي مرده پوست را هضم مي كنند و ملايمترين نوع لايه بردار هستند.
DAUCUS CAROTA SATIVA ROOT EXTRACT — Carrot Oil. The seeds of carrots yield an essential oil rich in beta carotene, orange or red compounds that are precursors to vitamin A and occur naturally in plants. Also high in vitamin E, carrot oil promotes skin cell regeneration and stimulates the production of sebum in dry scalp and skin. Its high antioxidant content makes it an excellent natural preservative in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
PUNICA GRANATUM — Pomegranate Extract. A potent antioxidant and nutrient. Helps suppor ts skin cell regeneration. (INCI dictionary)
ROSA RUBIGINOSA — Rosa Mosqueta® Rose Hip Seed Oil. Oil from the rose hips of a rare rose that grows in Chile’s Andes mountains. High in vitamin C, and linoleic and linolenic acids, essen- tial fatty acids necessar y for skin cell regeneration, it has been used by South American Indians for hundreds of years for its healing and moisturizing proper ties. Clinical tests have shown that Rosa Mosqueta®, applied regularly, helps fade scarring and skin discolor- ations and encourage skin cell growth.There’s no better moisturiz- er for dry or mature skin and brittle, damaged hair. (INCI dictionary)
ZINC — Mineral essential for growth and skin cell regeneration. Promotes healing. Often prescribed orally to help control acne. (INCI dictionary)

تحریک سلولی  = Cell Stimulation
cell stimulation = تحریک سلولی 

تکثیر و تقسیم سلولی = Cell Turnover
cell turnover = تکثیر و تقسیم سلولی

ACER SACCHARUM — Sugar Maple. A natural alpha hydroxy acid, its mild exfoliating action helps remove dead skin and promote skin cell turnover. Has antioxidant properties. (INCI dictionary) 
افراي قندي: يك اسيد آلفاهيدوركسي طبيعي داراي خاصيت لايه برداري ملايم براي زدودن سلول هاي مرده پوست و افزايش تكثير و تقسيم سلولي داراي خاصيت آنتي اكسيداني
HEDERA HELIX — Ivy. Antifungal often found in massage lotions and anticellulite preparations for its skin-toning and firming prop- er ties. Contains malic acid, a natural fruit acid that encourages skin cell turnover. (See also Fruit Acids.) Also used in shampoos and hair products for dandruff and other scalp problems. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
RETINOL: Retinol is pure active Vitamin A which is scientifically proven to produce healthy, plump skin cells. Because Retinol's molecular structure is small enough to penetrate the outer layers of the epidermis, it can repair deeper layers within the skin.  Collagen and elastin are positively impacted by the benefits of Retinol, as it stimulates the production of collagen in the skin layers, and helps to rebuild and repair elastin fibers. Retinol accelerates cell turnover, encouraging dead skin cells to naturally exfoliate more quickly, thus revealing healthy, fresh cells. It is an excellent ingredient that aids in the repair of sun damaged skin.  Retinol has been proven to be extremely helpful in the treatment of acne without the drying effects (cellularskinrx.com)

ماتریس سلولی  = Cellular Matrix
ECM, extra-cellular matrix, extracellular matrix = ماتریس برون سلولی 

cellular matrix = ماتریس سلولی 

MATRIXYL® SYNTHE®6: Facial architectural peptide supports 6 skin-rebuilding activities for a more organized cellular matrix. Signals skin to rebuild particularly where needed, especially the forehead and crow's feet. Natural volume is restored over time. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
MUNG BEAN SPROUT STEM CELLS: MMP enzymes have been identified as particularly damaging to the skin's extra-cellular matrix. Mung Bean Sprout Stem Cells protect collagen and the extra-cellular matrix from MMPs. The stem cells repair UV-damaged fibroblasts and reduce photo-induced inflammation that eventually leads to skin sensitivity and loss of elasticity. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)

سلوفان = Celophane
celophane = سلوفان، کاغذ پلاستیکی مشتق از سلولز که برای بسته بندی محصولات غذایی، آرایشی و بهداشتی استفاده می شود.

پوست قاچ خورده = Chapped Skin
chapped skin = پوست قاچ خورده

GLYCERYL LINOLEATE, GLYCERYL LINOLENATE — Vita- min F. Skin protectors and revitalizers consisting of linoleic and linolenic acids, two essential fatty acids. Used in moisturizers, they soothe rough, dry or chapped skin on contact and help soften and revitalize dry or damaged hair. (INCI dictionary)

رنگ های شاد = Cheerful
cheerful = شاداب، رنگ های شاد

کرومامتر = Chromameter
chromameter = کرومامتر، رنگ سنج

کرومامتری = Chromametry
chromametry = کرومامتری

ماسک گل رس = Clay Mask
Clay mask = ماسک گل رس

عصاره شبدر  = Clover Extract
clover extract = عصاره شبدر 

کمک امولسیون کننده  = Co-Emulsifiers
co-emulsifiers = کمک امولسیون کننده 

صابون های حاوی کلدکرم  = Cold Cream Soaps
Cold cream soaps = صابون های حاوی کلدکرم 

ماتریس کلاژن = Collagen Matrix
collagen matrix = ماتریس کلاژن

کلاژن هفت = Collagen Vii
collagen vii = کلاژن هفت

رنگ موی کرمی = Color Cream
Color cream = رنگ موی کرمی

کمدون ساز = Comedogenic
comedogenic = کمدوژنیک، جوشگاه زایی

noncomedogenic = غیرکومدون زایی

تکمیل کننده، مکمل = Complementary
complementary = تکمیل کننده، مکمل

complementary action = اثر تکمیلی 

complementary strands of DNA = شاخه مكمل دی ان ای

هدایت سنجی  = Conductometry
conductometry = هدایت سنجی 

منافذ مشخص پوست = Conspicuous Pores
conspicuous pores = منافذ مشخص پوست

جذب مشتری  = Consumer Appeal
consumer appeal = جذب مشتری 

شکل دادن به بدن = Contour Modelling
contour modelling = شکل دادن به بدن

پوسته های کورنئوسیت = Corneocyte Flakes
corneocyte flakes = پوسته های کورنئوسیت

کورنئومتری  = Corneometery
corneometery = کورنئومتری 

کورتون = Corticoid
corticoid = کورتیکوئید، کورتون

محصولات کازمتیک = Cosmetic Products
cosmetic products = محصولات آرایشی، محصولات کازمتیک

ARACHIDYL ALCOHOL — A fatty alcohol derived from coco- nuts, used as an emulsion stabilizer in cosmetic products. ARACHIDYL GLUCOSIDE — Obtained through the condensation of arachidyl alcohol, a fatty alcohol, and glucose. Used in cosmetic products as a surfactant and emulsifier. (INCI dictionary)
BEHENYL ALCOHOL — A fatty alcohol derived from coconuts, used as an emulsion stabilizer in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
CELLULOSE GUM — The most abundant polymer found in nature. Used as a setting agent in hairsprays, styling gels and mousses. A natural alternative to synthetic polymers (such as PVP) found in most mass-produced styling aids. Also used as a binder and thickener in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
CYAMOPSIS TETRAGONOLOBA — Guar Gum. Extract from the guar bean, used as a thickener and emulsifier in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
EVERNIA PRUNASTRI — Oakmoss. The extract from a lichen that grows on oak trees, used as a fixative in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM BENZOATE — A salt of benzoic acid, found naturally in cranberries, apples, plums and other fruits, and in cinnamon and ripe clove. Used in foods and cosmetic products as a mild preservative for its anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. (INCI dictionary)
SORBITAN STEREATE — A surfactant derived from berries and other plant sources, composed of sorbitol, a natural sweetener, and stearic acid, a fatty acid. Used in cosmetic products as an emulsifier and wetting agent. (INCI dictionary)
SUCROSE LAURATE — A fatty acid ester derived from sugar, used in cosmetic products as a natural emulsifier and surfactant. (INCI dictionary)
THUJA OCCIDENTALIS — Cedar Leaf Oil. Adds a woody note to perfumes and other cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
THYMUS VULGARIS — Thyme. Antiseptic and tonic. Contributes an herbal note to the scent of cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
SHEA BUTTER: An excellent emollient, moisturizer and anti-inflammatory agent derived from the crushing and boiling of the seeds from the Shea tree. Has some natural ultraviolet protection property, offering up to spf 6 but should not be used exclusively as a sunscreen. Absorbs rapidly into the skin without leaving a greasy film. Used often in cosmetic products and also in food products as a substitute for cocoa butter. (cellularskinrx.com)
TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCORBATE: Stable, oil-soluble vitamin C ester able to be used in cosmetic products with neutral to high pH. Protects from lipid peroxidation and limits melaninogenesis. Limits UV damage and stimulates collagen production. Used in Smooth Surface Instant Line-Filler. (cellularskinrx.com)

کاسمتولوژی = Cosmetology
cosmetology field = فیلد کاسمتولوژی، زیبایی شناسی

cosmetology = علم کازمتیک و زیبایی

cosmetology esthetician = کازمتولوژی، استتیشن

پاک کننده های کرمی  = Cream Cleansers
Cream cleansers = پاک کننده های کرمی 

محیط کشت = Culture Medium
culture medium = محیط کشت

اقدامات درمانی = Curative Action
curative action = اقدامات درمانی

اتوی فر = Curling Iron
curling iron = اتوی فر

فلور پوست = Cutaneaous Flora
cutaneaous flora = فلور پوستی

پوستی  = Cutaneous
pityrosporum ovale, Malassezia ovale, lipophilic yeast belonging to the normal human cutaneous flora = پیتروسپوروم اوال یا مالاسزیا اوال، مخمر چربی دوست که یکی از فلورای نرمال پوست بدن می باشد. آكنه استروئیدی در مواردی می تواند ناشی از فولیكولیت پیتروسپورمی (مالاسزیایی) باشد.

cutaneous photodamage = تخریب پوست در اثر نور 

cutaneous barrier function = عملکرد انسدادی پوست

cross the cutaneous barrier = عبور از سد پوستی 

cutaneous microrelief = میکروریلیف پوستی 

skin barrier function, cutaneous barrier function = عملکرد سدی پوست

subcutaneous injection = تزریق زیرپوستی

subcutaneous fat = چربی زیرپوستی

subcutaneous tissue = بافت زیرپوستی

cutaneous slackening = شل شدن پوست 

cutaneous aging = پیری پوست 

cutaneous lesions = زخم پوستی 

cutaneous tone = قوام پوست 

cutaneous absorption = جذب پوستی

cutaneous barrier = سد پوستی 

ARGAN OIL: From the deserts of Morocco, sustainably harvested, argan oil generously supplies the skin with vitamins C and E and other essential lipids. Skin's lipid supply is restored. The cutaneous barrier is maintained when used for cleansing. (cellularskinrx.com)
cutaneous = پوستی 

ARGAN OIL: From the deserts of Morocco, sustainably harvested, argan oil generously supplies the skin with vitamins C and E and other essential lipids. Skin's lipid supply is restored. The cutaneous barrier is maintained when used for cleansing. (cellularskinrx.com)
subcutaneous tissue is a fatty layer underneath the dermis also called adipose or subcutis tissue = بافت زیرجلدی لایه چرب زر درم که به آن آدیپوز یا بافت سابکوتیس نیز می گویند

subcutaneous tissue = بافت زیرجلدی

the fatty tissue also called subcutaneous tissue = بافت چرب که به آن بافت زیرجلدی هم می گویند

پیری پوست  = Cutaneous Aging
cutaneous aging = پیری پوست 

سد پوستی  = Cutaneous Barrier
cutaneous barrier function = عملکرد انسدادی پوست

cross the cutaneous barrier = عبور از سد پوستی 

skin barrier function, cutaneous barrier function = عملکرد سدی پوست

cutaneous barrier = سد پوستی 

ARGAN OIL: From the deserts of Morocco, sustainably harvested, argan oil generously supplies the skin with vitamins C and E and other essential lipids. Skin's lipid supply is restored. The cutaneous barrier is maintained when used for cleansing. (cellularskinrx.com)

زخم پوستی  = Cutaneous Lesions
cutaneous lesions = زخم پوستی 

قوام پوست  = Cutaneous Tone
cutaneous tone = قوام پوست 

پولک های کوتیکول  = Cuticle Scales
cuticle scales = پولک های کوتیکول 

سایتومتری  = Cytometery
Flow cytometery = فلوسایتومتری 

cytometery = سایتومتری 

سمیت سلولی  = Cytotoxicity
cytotoxicity = سمیت سلولی 

استفاده روزانه  = Daily Use
daily use = استفاده روزانه 

OPUNTIA FICUS-INDICA — Prickly Pear. Antioxidant and nutri- ent, rich in essential fatty acids, clinically proven to firm and protect skin in 28 days with twice daily use. An emollient and soothing agent, it restores softness and elasticity to dry, mature or sun-damaged skin. An excellent addition to anti-aging products. (INCI dictionary)
SECALE CEREALE SEED EXTRACT — Rye Seed Extract. The highly purified extract from r ye seeds. An excellent ingredient in face creams and anti-aging formulations, it provides a gradual and long-lasting firming action and visually smoother skin. Has been shown to significantly reduce the depth and appearance of wrin- kles and fine lines by 25% with twice daily use. (INCI dictionary)
MATRIXYL 3000: Also known as palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7. This next generation oligopeptide firms and decreases visible wrinkles within two months of daily use. Used in Firming Peptide Eye Creme and CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment. (cellularskinrx.com)

پوست آسیب دیده = Damaged Skin
damaged skin = پوست آسیب دیده

OPUNTIA FICUS-INDICA — Prickly Pear. Antioxidant and nutri- ent, rich in essential fatty acids, clinically proven to firm and protect skin in 28 days with twice daily use. An emollient and soothing agent, it restores softness and elasticity to dry, mature or sun-damaged skin. An excellent addition to anti-aging products. (INCI dictionary)
RETINOL: Retinol is pure active Vitamin A which is scientifically proven to produce healthy, plump skin cells. Because Retinol's molecular structure is small enough to penetrate the outer layers of the epidermis, it can repair deeper layers within the skin.  Collagen and elastin are positively impacted by the benefits of Retinol, as it stimulates the production of collagen in the skin layers, and helps to rebuild and repair elastin fibers. Retinol accelerates cell turnover, encouraging dead skin cells to naturally exfoliate more quickly, thus revealing healthy, fresh cells. It is an excellent ingredient that aids in the repair of sun damaged skin.  Retinol has been proven to be extremely helpful in the treatment of acne without the drying effects (cellularskinrx.com)

کرم ضدلک روز = Day Fader
day fader = کرم ضدلک روز

چرک پوست = Debris
accumulation of dead cell debris in the pore = انباشت سلول های مرده در منافذ

Debris = چرک های برجای مانده روی پوست 

JUGLANS REGIA SHELL POWDER — Walnut Shells. Natural exfoliants used in facial masks. The mild scrubbing action of ground walnut shells helps break up oil deposits and clear away dead skin cells and debris. (INCI dictionary)
SALICYLIC ACID — The active ingredient in aspirin, a natural an- ti-inflammatory and exfoliant used in the treatment of acne and preparations for oily skin. Applied topically, it penetrates the fol- licle and encourages the shedding of dead skin cells from within, breaking up oil deposits and debris that can cause blocked pores and blemishes. Natural sources of salicylic acid include willow bark extract (Salix nigra) and wintergreen oil (Gaultheria procumbens). (INCI dictionary)

رفع احتقان = Decongest
decongest = رفع احتقان، رفع احساس گرفتگی و خفگی، رفع انسداد پوستی در اثر آلاینده ها

IVY, owing to folliculin-like activity, locally reduces the sebaceous flow while its saponosids decongest hair scalp and clean out exceeding lipids. ()
decongesting, relieve the congestion = ضد احتقان

دیپسان = Deepsan
deepsan = دیپسان

تخریب و تجزیه = Degradation
degradation of dermis fibers = تخریب فیبرهای درم 

degradation = تخریب، تجزیه

RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
dermis degradation = تخریب درم

تعادل ظریف  = Delicate Balance
delicate balance = تعادل ظریف 

لیپیدزدایی = Delipidate
delipidate = لیپیدزدایی

پرپشت نمودن = Densification
Densification = پرپشت نمودن

مواد ضد بو = Deodorants
roll-on deodorants = دئودورانت ها و ضدبوهای غلطک دار، رولی، رولان، توپی

deodorants = دئودورانت، ضد بو

ABIES SIBIRICA — Fir Oil, Siberian Pine Needle Oil. Aromatic extract with antimicrobial and tonic proper ties. An excellent addition to facial cleansers and natural deodorants. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary) 
شاه درخت سيبريايي يا آبیس سيبريكا يك گياه هميشه سبز از خانواده مخروطيان: روغن شاه درخت سيبريايي، روغن كاج سوزني سيبريايي. عصاره آروماتيك با خواص ضدميكروبي و تونيك. براي اضافه كردن به پاك كننده هاي صورت و دئودورانت هاي طبيعي. غالباً به عنوان عطر و اسانس استفاده مي شود.
CALENDULA OFFICINALIS — Calendula.The common marigold, known for its healing and analgesic proper ties. It is a frequent in- gredient in ointments and natural deodorants. Contains saponins. Sometimes used as a natural yellow color. (INCI dictionary)
FIR OIL — Abies sibirica. Aromatic extract with antimicrobial and tonic proper ties. An excellent addition to facial cleansers and natural deodorants. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
PINUS SYLVESTRIS OIL — Pine Needle Oil. Aromatic oil with antimicrobial and tonic proper ties. An excellent addition to facial cleansers and natural deodorants, and to massage oils for its warm- ing effect on the skin. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
Chitosan: A fiber derived from crustacean shells. Used as a lipid binder in diet products; hair, oral, and skin-care products; antiperspirants; and deodorants. Alternatives: raspberries, yams, legumes, dried apricots, many other fruits and vegetables. (peta.org)
Bee Pollen: Microsporic grains in seed plants gathered by bees then collected from the legs of bees. Causes allergic reactions in some people. In nutritional supplements, shampoos, toothpastes, deodorants. Alternatives: synthetics, plant amino acids, pollen collected from plants. (peta.org)
Urea Carbamide: Typically synthetic. When extracted from animals, it is excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. In deodorants, ammoniated dentifrices, mouthwashes, hair colorings, hand creams, lotions, shampoos, etc. Used to “brown” baked goods, such as pretzels. Derivatives: Imidazolidinyl Urea, Uric Acid. Alternatives: synthetics. (peta.org)
Stearic Acid: When animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline. Alternatives: Stearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut. (peta.org)

فروشگاه های زنجیره ای  = Department Stores
Department Stores = فروشگاه های زنجیره ای 

آشکارسازی = Detect
detect = آشکارسازی، شناسایی

ANOSMIA: The medical term describing the loss of the sense of smell. It may be caused by a cold, head injury, nasal disorders, allergies, a virus or perhaps other maladies. People who have lost their sense of smell also lose the ability to detect many pleasurable aspects of food. (fragrance.org)
Detector = آشکارساز

ANOSMIA, The medical term describing the loss of the sense of smell. It may be caused by a cold, head injury, nasal disorders, allergies, a virus or perhaps other maladies. People who have lost their sense of smell also lose the ability to detect many pleasurable aspects of food. = آنوسمیا یا آنوزمیا یا آنوسمی، واژه پزشكی است كه به از دست رفتن شامه بویایی اشاره می‌کند. آنوسمی می‌تواند در اثر سرماخوردگی، ضربه به سر، نقص بینی، آلرژی‌ها، ویروس‌ها یا بیماری‌های دیگر ایجاد شود. افرادی كه حس بویایی­شان را از دست داده‌اند مزه غذا را نیز نمی‌توانند درك كنند.

دگزامتازون = Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone = دگزامتازون

دکستروز = Dextrose
dextrose = دکستروز

دیاگنوسکین  = Diagnoskin
diagnoskin = دیاگنوسکین 

ادرار سوز = Diaper Rash
diaper rash cream = کرم تعویض پوشک

diaper rash = ادرارسوز

ناحیه پوشک  = Diaper Zone
diaper zone = ناحیه پوشک 

دیاگرامی = Digrammatically
digrammatically = به صورت دیاگرام

تضعیف  = Diminution
diminution = تضعیف، میرایی

تغییر رنگ  = Discoloration
discoloration = تغییر رنگ 

SEQUESTRANTS — Chelating agents that act by binding to and removing metal ions (such as calcium, magnesium and iron) and nonmetal ions (such as chlorine and salt) from hard water, causing hair to be cleansed and rinsed more thoroughly. Sequestrants also help minimize discoloration of natural and color-treated hair that might normally be altered by pool and salt water or excessive perspiration. Examples: rice extract, citric acid, kelp extract, alginate. (INCI dictionary) 
سيكوئسترانت ها: مواد شلات كننده كه با مکانیزم اتصال، يون هاي فلزي مثل كلسيم، منيزيم و آهن و همچنين يون هاي غيرفلزي مثل نمك و كلر را از آب سخت حذف مي كند. موجب تميز شدن موها و آبكشي كامل تر مو مي شود. سيكوئسترانت ها تغيير رنگ موي رنگ شده و موي طبيعي را كاهش مي دهند. اين تغيير رنگ مي تواند در اثر نمك آب يا كلر استخر به وجود بيايد. مثال ها: عصاره برنج، سيتريك اسيد، عصاره كِلپ (نوعي جلبك دريايي قهوه اي)، آلژينات (نمك آلژينيك اسيد)
ERYTHRAEA CENTAURIUM — Centaury, Century Herb. Used in cosmetics for its soothing and astringent properties. Applied topically, it helps even out skin tones and fade freckles and other skin discolorations. Also used as a natural color. (INCI dictionary) 
گياه كوهستاني سنتاريوم: در محصولات آرايشي-بهداشتي براي ويژگي التيام بخشي و قابض آن استفاده مي شود. وقتي به صورت موضعي روي پوست ماليده مي شود، پوست را يكنواخت نموده، قوام مي بخشد، لكه ها را محو مي كند و تيرگي پوست را كاهش مي دهد. همچنين به عنوان رنگ طبيعي استفاده مي شود.
RENOVAGE: Renovage™ supports cell vitality, improves hydration, firmness, elasticity and skin tone. It visibly reduces wrinkles, pores and skin discoloration. Extends cell life by more than one-third. Skin acts and looks younger even when under intense stress. Can show results as quickly as minutes after application and guaranteed after one month of regular, twice-daily applications. Used in CSRx Stress Recovery Complex. (cellularskinrx.com)

تخفیف = Discount
discount = تخفیف

گره گشایی شده = Disentanglement
Disentanglement = گره گشایی شده، مویی که گره هایش باز شده است

قابلیت پخش  = Dispersability
dispersability = قابلیت پخش 

دیسپرسیون = Dispersion
pre-dispersion = از پیش پخش کردن، از پیش آمیختن. مثلا کاربوپول قبل از آنکه وارد فرمولاسیون ژل شود باید در آب از قبل پخش و هیدراته شود.

dispersion = دیسپرسیون، محلول های از پیش آماده مواد پودری

SURFACTANTS — Surface active agents responsible for wetting, dispersion and emulsification. Wetting enhances the spreading and penetrating ability of a liquid, which in turn improves the cleaning ability of water.There are three basic types of surfactants commonly used in shampoo formulas: detergents, soaps and glycosides. (INCI dictionary) 
سورفكتانت ها : مواد فعال سطحي كه مسئول خيس كردن، پراكندن و امولسيون كردن مي باشند. خيس كردن به فرايندي گفته مي شود كه در آن پخش شوندگي و نفوذ يك مايع افزايش مي يابد و به تبع آن پاك كنندگي آب بيشتر مي شود. سه نوع سورفكتانت رايج در فرمولاسيون شامپو وجود دارد: دترجنت ها، صابون ها و گليكوزيدها.آ
pre-dispersion into a glycol phase = از پیش آمیختن در فاز گلایکول

direct dispersion into aqueous phase = پخش کردن مستقیم در فاز آبی

easy dispersion = پخش شدن راحت

dispersion of light = پراکنش نور 

گسیختن = Disruption
disruption of the stratum corneum = از هم گسیختگی لایه شاخی

disruption = گسیختن، فرو ریختن

حل شده  = Dissolved
dissolved = حل شده 

SOAP —A natural cleansing agent (surfactant) with the ability to emulsify oils and hold dirt in suspension. Bar soaps are made from the combination of fats, oils and/or fatty acids and sodium salts (sodium hydroxide, an alkali) dissolved in water. In liquid soap, potassium salts (potassium hydroxide) are utilized. While sodium and potassium salts can be harsh and drying, in a properly balanced formula, sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide cease to exist as separate entities when they combine with the oils to form soap, leaving no potential for skin irritation. (INCI dictionary) 
صابون: ماده پاك كننده طبيعي (جزء دسته سورفكتانت ها) كه قادر است روغن و چرك ها را معلق درآورد. صابون هاي قالبي با تركيب چربي ها، روغن ها و اسيدهاي چرب و نمك هاي سديم (سديم هيدروكسيد، يك ماده قليايي) در آب حل مي شود. در صابون مايع نمك پتاسيم (پتاسيم هيدروكسيد) استفاده مي شود. نمك هاي سديم و پتاسيم به خودي خود خشك كننده پوست و خشن مي باشد اما در يك فرمول به خوبي متعادل شده، سديم هيدروكسيد و پتاسيم هيدروكسيد به عنوان ماده اي مجزا موجود نمي باشد چرا كه با روغن ها تركيب شده و صابون تشكيل داده و بنابراين محرك پوست نمي باشد.
GLYCOLIC ACID: Alpha Hydroxy Acids are a group of naturally occurring acids which are derived from certain plants and fruits. The most commonly used form of AHA is Glycolic Acid, which comes from sugar cane. Glycolic Acid dissolves the “glue” that holds dead skin cells together in the epidermis. Once loosened up, these dead skin cells can be easily dissolved or exfoliated to reveal new skin underneath. Glycolic acid reduces and prevents fine lines, lightens hyperpigmentation, and unclogs pores. (cellularskinrx.com)
LACTIC ACID: Lactic Acid is derived from milk sugar. Lactic Acid belongs to the family of alpha hydroxy acids. It is less irritating to the skin than the fruit- and sugar cane-derived AHAs. Lactic Acid dissolves the “glue” that holds dead skin cells together in the epidermis. Once loosened up, these dead skin cells can be easily dissolved or exfoliated to reveal new skin underneath. (cellularskinrx.com)

توزیع، پخش = Distribution
distribution = توزیع، پخش

دی ترپنوئید = Diterpenoid
diterpenoid = دی ترپنوئید

دوز بندی = Dosage
dosage = دوز، میزان مصرف

recommended dosage = دوز پیشنهادی

دوز بندی شده = Dosed
dosed = دوز بندی شده

دوز سنج = Dosimeter
dosimeter = دوزیمتر، دوز سنج

اثر بر تخلیه  = Draining Effect
draining effect = اثر بر تخلیه 

شره کردن = Dripping Off
dripping off = ریخت و پاش و پخش و پلا شدن، شره کردن

دارای عملکرد دوگانه = Dual-Action
dual-action = دارای عملکرد دوگانه

مانگاری = Durability
Color durability = ماندگاری رنگ مو

durability = مانگاری، مانایی

SODIUM PALMATE, SODIUM PALMITATE, SODIUM PALM KERNELATE — Palm oil saponified with an alkaline salt. Primarily responsible for the hardness and durability of bar soaps. (See also Elaeis guineensis (Palm Oil). (INCI dictionary)

سهولت استفاده = Ease Of Use
ease of use = سهولت استفاده

اکوسرت = Ecocert
ECOCERT, Eco-cert = سازمان اکوسرت

ecocert = اکوسرت

سازگار با محیط زیست  = Eco-Friendly
eco-friendly = سازگار با محیط زیست 

سمیت محیطی  = Ecotoxicity
safe ecotoxicity = اکو توکسیسیتی ایمن، ایمن برای محیط زیست، بی ضرر برای محیط زیست

ecotoxicity = سمیت محیطی 

ورم کردن پوست = Edema Formation
edema formation = ورم کردن پوست

الافین  = Elafin
elafin = الافین 

کشسانی  = Elastic
Elasticity = الاستیسیته، کشسانی، قابلیت کش آمدن مو یا یک بافت فیبری دیگر

ADANSONIA DIGITATA — Baobab Oil. Rich emollient helps maintain skin elasticity and restore moisture to dehydrated, sun-stressed skin and dry hair. Its high vitamin D content makes it ideal for after sun use. Also rich in antioxidants—particularly vitamin C—and essential fatty acids, very nourishing to the skin. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن بائوباب امولينت قدرتمند كه باعث حفظ كشساني پوست گرديده و رطوبت پوست دِهيدراته را تامين مي كند. رطوبت پوستي كه در اثر مواجهه با تنش هاي آفتاب دِهيدراته شده و موي خشك شده را جبران مي كند. داراي ويتامين دي به مقدار زياد مي باشد كه از اين تركيب محصولي ايده آل براي ساخت كرم هاي اَفترسان ساخته است. همچنين داراي آنتي اكسيدان هاي ديگري به ويژه ويتامين C و اسيدهاي چرب ضروري مي باشد كه بسيار تغذيه كننده پوست هستند.
ALARIA ESCULENTA — Edible seaweed high in essential fatty acids and antioxidants. A rich moisturizer, it stimulates the creation of hyaluronic acid within the skin and helps support collagen and elastin to promote skin elasticity. It has been clinically proven to significantly increase firmness when applied twice daily to the skin for 28 days. (INCI dictionary) 
جلبك دريايي خوردني داراي مقدار زيادي اسيد چرب ضروري و آنتي اكسيدان. مرطوب كننده غني كه ساخت هيالورونيك اسيد را در پوست افزايش مي دهد و كلاژن و الاستين پوست را حمايت مي كند. و به اين ترتيب الاستيسيته يا كشساني پوست افزايش مي يابد.
ARGANIA SPINOSA — Argan Oil. Nutrient-rich oil, high in essential fatty acids and antioxidant vitamin E. Supports the skin’s collagen and improves softness and elasticity. In hair care products, it rehydrates and smoothes the hair cuticle to help reduce frizzing and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
CARNOSINE — Naturally occurring combination of the amino acids histidine and alanine, used in skin care products for its pro- tective and skin rejuvenating proper ties. An antioxidant and anti-in- flammatory, it protects collagen and elastin fibers in the skin from oxidative stress, improves elasticity and reduces wrinkles and other signs of aging. (INCI dictionary)
EQUISETUM HYEMALE, EQUISETUM ARVENSE — Horsetail, Bottlebrush. Nutrient-rich herbal high in silica, essential to collagen production. A vegan alternative to collagen treatments, it firms and refreshes the skin and promotes healing. Often used in conjunction with coltsfoot in hair care products, it strengthens the hair shaft and adds sheen and elasticity. (INCI dictionary)
OPUNTIA FICUS-INDICA — Prickly Pear. Antioxidant and nutri- ent, rich in essential fatty acids, clinically proven to firm and protect skin in 28 days with twice daily use. An emollient and soothing agent, it restores softness and elasticity to dry, mature or sun-damaged skin. An excellent addition to anti-aging products. (INCI dictionary)
SOLUBLE COLLAGEN — Dermal protein that makes up 70 percent of the body’s connective tissue. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture to smooth and soften the skin, increase elasticity and diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. (INCI dictionary)
STYRAX BENZOIN RESIN EXTRACT — Benzoin Oil. Antisep- tic, anti-inflammatory and astringent. Used in skin care products, it boosts elasticity and helps calm stressed skin. (INCI dictionary)
ARGININE: An amino acid that binds to the pure glycolic acid molecule. Once bonded, it allows for controlled delivery of glycolic acid into the skin over a prolonged period of time thus reducing irritation that usually accompanies AHA use. Promotes collagen synthesis and increases skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
DARUTOSIDE: Also known as Siegesbeckia orientalis, Darutoside is a plant extract that is rich in emollients. By soothing the skin, decreasing inflammation, restoring collagen and promoting collagen production, this extract helps to improve skin elasticity and brightens surface appearance. Darutoside has been shown to stimulate tissue regeneration via collagen fibres which improves skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
L-ASCORBIC ACID: It is the most effective form of Vitamin C and acts as a powerful antioxidant. L-Ascorbic Acid is the only form of Vitamin C that is easily absorbed by the skin and is a key element in any anti-aging skincare regimen. Skin is exposed to a variety of environmental insults on a daily basis. UVA/UVB radiation, smoke, air pollution and stress all contribute to the free radical/oxidation process that breaks down the collagen layer of your skin. During this oxidation process, environmental insults cause the skin to form free radicals (O1 molecules) that need to attach to other molecules to become stable (O2 molecules). These free radicals attach to the skin's collagen molecules. This contributes to the breakdown of this collagen layer. Skin starts to look old and loses its natural firmness and elasticity. L-Ascorbic Acid protects your skin from environmental damage and prevents the formation of free radicals. L-Ascorbic Acid is necessary for collagen production and helps to stimulate your skin to produce healthy collagen layers. Over time, the L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum will help to reduce hyperpigmentation, lighten brown spots and improve the texture and firmness of your skin for a younger-looking, more radiant appearance. The 12% concentration of L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum is formulated at a lower ph to ease absorption. It is suspended in a simple stabilizing solution to maintain the effectiveness of the Vitamin C over time. (cellularskinrx.com)
MUNG BEAN SPROUT STEM CELLS: MMP enzymes have been identified as particularly damaging to the skin's extra-cellular matrix. Mung Bean Sprout Stem Cells protect collagen and the extra-cellular matrix from MMPs. The stem cells repair UV-damaged fibroblasts and reduce photo-induced inflammation that eventually leads to skin sensitivity and loss of elasticity. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
RENOVAGE: Renovage™ supports cell vitality, improves hydration, firmness, elasticity and skin tone. It visibly reduces wrinkles, pores and skin discoloration. Extends cell life by more than one-third. Skin acts and looks younger even when under intense stress. Can show results as quickly as minutes after application and guaranteed after one month of regular, twice-daily applications. Used in CSRx Stress Recovery Complex. (cellularskinrx.com)
Riboxyl™ is a pure natural D-ribose obtained from corn seed by biotechnology. Riboxyl™ generates new ATP (adenosine triphosphate) to rebuild energyc supplies. Riboxyl™ is thus a natural cellular energizer increasing cellular respiration for a global anti-aging action: anti-wrinkle, skin elasticity improvement and complexion enhancement. It is a stable, odorless white powder that is highly water soluble and easy to formulate. (ulprospector.com)
Elastin: Protein found in the neck ligaments and aortas of cows. Similar to collagen. Can’t affect the skin’s own elasticity. Alternatives: synthetics, protein from plant tissues. (peta.org)
Cortex: The cortex lies directly underneath the cuticle and is spiral-looking in appearance- kind of like a coiled rope. It's here that pigments are found and that natural hair elasticity, i.e. straight, wavy, curly, gets its form. The cortex is also where all permanent chemical coloring takes place, including bleaching, perming and chemical straightening, and where the natural shape of the hair is changed; for example, using hot irons to go from curly to straight or hot rollers to go from straight to curly. These changes last only until the hair becomes wet again. (thehairstyler.com)
resilience, elasticity, toughness = انعطاف پذیری، کشسانی، چقرمگی

elastic fibers = رشته های الاستیک 

elasticity test = تست الاستیسیته

elastic = کشسانی 

ADANSONIA DIGITATA — Baobab Oil. Rich emollient helps maintain skin elasticity and restore moisture to dehydrated, sun-stressed skin and dry hair. Its high vitamin D content makes it ideal for after sun use. Also rich in antioxidants—particularly vitamin C—and essential fatty acids, very nourishing to the skin. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن بائوباب امولينت قدرتمند كه باعث حفظ كشساني پوست گرديده و رطوبت پوست دِهيدراته را تامين مي كند. رطوبت پوستي كه در اثر مواجهه با تنش هاي آفتاب دِهيدراته شده و موي خشك شده را جبران مي كند. داراي ويتامين دي به مقدار زياد مي باشد كه از اين تركيب محصولي ايده آل براي ساخت كرم هاي اَفترسان ساخته است. همچنين داراي آنتي اكسيدان هاي ديگري به ويژه ويتامين C و اسيدهاي چرب ضروري مي باشد كه بسيار تغذيه كننده پوست هستند.
ALARIA ESCULENTA — Edible seaweed high in essential fatty acids and antioxidants. A rich moisturizer, it stimulates the creation of hyaluronic acid within the skin and helps support collagen and elastin to promote skin elasticity. It has been clinically proven to significantly increase firmness when applied twice daily to the skin for 28 days. (INCI dictionary) 
جلبك دريايي خوردني داراي مقدار زيادي اسيد چرب ضروري و آنتي اكسيدان. مرطوب كننده غني كه ساخت هيالورونيك اسيد را در پوست افزايش مي دهد و كلاژن و الاستين پوست را حمايت مي كند. و به اين ترتيب الاستيسيته يا كشساني پوست افزايش مي يابد.
ARGANIA SPINOSA — Argan Oil. Nutrient-rich oil, high in essential fatty acids and antioxidant vitamin E. Supports the skin’s collagen and improves softness and elasticity. In hair care products, it rehydrates and smoothes the hair cuticle to help reduce frizzing and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
CARNOSINE — Naturally occurring combination of the amino acids histidine and alanine, used in skin care products for its pro- tective and skin rejuvenating proper ties. An antioxidant and anti-in- flammatory, it protects collagen and elastin fibers in the skin from oxidative stress, improves elasticity and reduces wrinkles and other signs of aging. (INCI dictionary)
EQUISETUM HYEMALE, EQUISETUM ARVENSE — Horsetail, Bottlebrush. Nutrient-rich herbal high in silica, essential to collagen production. A vegan alternative to collagen treatments, it firms and refreshes the skin and promotes healing. Often used in conjunction with coltsfoot in hair care products, it strengthens the hair shaft and adds sheen and elasticity. (INCI dictionary)
OPUNTIA FICUS-INDICA — Prickly Pear. Antioxidant and nutri- ent, rich in essential fatty acids, clinically proven to firm and protect skin in 28 days with twice daily use. An emollient and soothing agent, it restores softness and elasticity to dry, mature or sun-damaged skin. An excellent addition to anti-aging products. (INCI dictionary)
SOLUBLE COLLAGEN — Dermal protein that makes up 70 percent of the body’s connective tissue. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture to smooth and soften the skin, increase elasticity and diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. (INCI dictionary)
STYRAX BENZOIN RESIN EXTRACT — Benzoin Oil. Antisep- tic, anti-inflammatory and astringent. Used in skin care products, it boosts elasticity and helps calm stressed skin. (INCI dictionary)
ARGININE: An amino acid that binds to the pure glycolic acid molecule. Once bonded, it allows for controlled delivery of glycolic acid into the skin over a prolonged period of time thus reducing irritation that usually accompanies AHA use. Promotes collagen synthesis and increases skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
DARUTOSIDE: Also known as Siegesbeckia orientalis, Darutoside is a plant extract that is rich in emollients. By soothing the skin, decreasing inflammation, restoring collagen and promoting collagen production, this extract helps to improve skin elasticity and brightens surface appearance. Darutoside has been shown to stimulate tissue regeneration via collagen fibres which improves skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
L-ASCORBIC ACID: It is the most effective form of Vitamin C and acts as a powerful antioxidant. L-Ascorbic Acid is the only form of Vitamin C that is easily absorbed by the skin and is a key element in any anti-aging skincare regimen. Skin is exposed to a variety of environmental insults on a daily basis. UVA/UVB radiation, smoke, air pollution and stress all contribute to the free radical/oxidation process that breaks down the collagen layer of your skin. During this oxidation process, environmental insults cause the skin to form free radicals (O1 molecules) that need to attach to other molecules to become stable (O2 molecules). These free radicals attach to the skin's collagen molecules. This contributes to the breakdown of this collagen layer. Skin starts to look old and loses its natural firmness and elasticity. L-Ascorbic Acid protects your skin from environmental damage and prevents the formation of free radicals. L-Ascorbic Acid is necessary for collagen production and helps to stimulate your skin to produce healthy collagen layers. Over time, the L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum will help to reduce hyperpigmentation, lighten brown spots and improve the texture and firmness of your skin for a younger-looking, more radiant appearance. The 12% concentration of L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum is formulated at a lower ph to ease absorption. It is suspended in a simple stabilizing solution to maintain the effectiveness of the Vitamin C over time. (cellularskinrx.com)
MUNG BEAN SPROUT STEM CELLS: MMP enzymes have been identified as particularly damaging to the skin's extra-cellular matrix. Mung Bean Sprout Stem Cells protect collagen and the extra-cellular matrix from MMPs. The stem cells repair UV-damaged fibroblasts and reduce photo-induced inflammation that eventually leads to skin sensitivity and loss of elasticity. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
RENOVAGE: Renovage™ supports cell vitality, improves hydration, firmness, elasticity and skin tone. It visibly reduces wrinkles, pores and skin discoloration. Extends cell life by more than one-third. Skin acts and looks younger even when under intense stress. Can show results as quickly as minutes after application and guaranteed after one month of regular, twice-daily applications. Used in CSRx Stress Recovery Complex. (cellularskinrx.com)
Riboxyl™ is a pure natural D-ribose obtained from corn seed by biotechnology. Riboxyl™ generates new ATP (adenosine triphosphate) to rebuild energyc supplies. Riboxyl™ is thus a natural cellular energizer increasing cellular respiration for a global anti-aging action: anti-wrinkle, skin elasticity improvement and complexion enhancement. It is a stable, odorless white powder that is highly water soluble and easy to formulate. (ulprospector.com)
Elastin: Protein found in the neck ligaments and aortas of cows. Similar to collagen. Can’t affect the skin’s own elasticity. Alternatives: synthetics, protein from plant tissues. (peta.org)
Cortex: The cortex lies directly underneath the cuticle and is spiral-looking in appearance- kind of like a coiled rope. It's here that pigments are found and that natural hair elasticity, i.e. straight, wavy, curly, gets its form. The cortex is also where all permanent chemical coloring takes place, including bleaching, perming and chemical straightening, and where the natural shape of the hair is changed; for example, using hot irons to go from curly to straight or hot rollers to go from straight to curly. These changes last only until the hair becomes wet again. (thehairstyler.com)
vitamin A helps to improve skin elasticity and thickness = ویتامین A به بهبود کشسانی و ضخامت پوست کمک می کند

ژل های الاستومریک = Elastomeric Gels
elastomeric gels = ژل های الاستومریک: پرایمرها عمدتا شامل سیلیکون ها و ژل های الاستومریک هستند

روش الایزا  = Elisa Method
ELISA method = روش الایزا 

بازار نوظهور = Emerging Market
emerging market = بازار نوظهور

غده درون ریز = Endocrine Gland
endocrine gland = غده درون ریز

کوفاکتور آنزیمی  = Enzyme Cofactor
enzyme cofactor = کوفاکتور آنزیمی 

سطح اپیدرمال = Epidermal Surface
epidermal surface = سطح اپیدرمال

ایپدرم، روپوست = Epidermis
The dermal papillae (DP) are small, nipple-like extensions of the dermis into the epidermis. = درمال پاپیلا، برآمدگی های درم به داخل اپیدرم

epidermis = ایپدرم، روپوست

BORAGE OIL: Plant-derived natural oil derived from the flower and seed pods, it protects the skin's natural lipid barrier. Smooths rough, dry skin. Provides essential lipids to the epidermis. (cellularskinrx.com)
GLYCOLIC ACID: Alpha Hydroxy Acids are a group of naturally occurring acids which are derived from certain plants and fruits. The most commonly used form of AHA is Glycolic Acid, which comes from sugar cane. Glycolic Acid dissolves the “glue” that holds dead skin cells together in the epidermis. Once loosened up, these dead skin cells can be easily dissolved or exfoliated to reveal new skin underneath. Glycolic acid reduces and prevents fine lines, lightens hyperpigmentation, and unclogs pores. (cellularskinrx.com)
LACTIC ACID: Lactic Acid is derived from milk sugar. Lactic Acid belongs to the family of alpha hydroxy acids. It is less irritating to the skin than the fruit- and sugar cane-derived AHAs. Lactic Acid dissolves the “glue” that holds dead skin cells together in the epidermis. Once loosened up, these dead skin cells can be easily dissolved or exfoliated to reveal new skin underneath. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL PENTAPEPTIDE 3: Clinically proven to regenerate the skin's upper layers by stimulating collagen production, thus thickening the epidermis. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of the C-terminal portion of collagen I (the most common type of the nineteen forms of collagen) combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. One could look at Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 as a man-made precursor to collagen I. When this protein is added to cultured human fibroblasts it enhances the synthesis of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin. In vitro, Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen IV synthesis by 100-327% and to stimulate hyaluronic acidsynthesis by 267%. In vivo Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen synthesis by 30-117%. Image analysis determined the effect Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had on wrinkled skin. The six-month results are listed below, though significant results were seen in two months. Results: Mean wrinkle depth -- Reduced 17% Surface area: deep wrinkles -- Reduced 68% Surface area: moderate wrinkles -- Reduced 51% Mean density of wrinkled area -- Reduced 47% Skin roughness -- Reduced 16% Main wrinkle volume -- Reduced 24%. These results show that Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had a dramatic effect on reducing the quantity and depth of wrinkles. It also improved surface smoothness. (cellularskinrx.com)
RETINOL: Retinol is pure active Vitamin A which is scientifically proven to produce healthy, plump skin cells. Because Retinol's molecular structure is small enough to penetrate the outer layers of the epidermis, it can repair deeper layers within the skin.  Collagen and elastin are positively impacted by the benefits of Retinol, as it stimulates the production of collagen in the skin layers, and helps to rebuild and repair elastin fibers. Retinol accelerates cell turnover, encouraging dead skin cells to naturally exfoliate more quickly, thus revealing healthy, fresh cells. It is an excellent ingredient that aids in the repair of sun damaged skin.  Retinol has been proven to be extremely helpful in the treatment of acne without the drying effects (cellularskinrx.com)
papillary layer = the first layer of dermis located beneath epidermis and above the reticular layer = لایه پاپیلاری = اولین لایه درم که زیر اپیردم و بالای درم رتیکولار قرار گرفته است

stratum spinosum layer of the epidermis that is located between stratum granulosum and stratum germinativum = استراتوم اسپینوزوم لایه ای از اپیدرم است که بین لایه دانه دار و بازال قرار گرفته است

اپی فلورسنت  = Epifluorescent
epifluorescent microscope = میکروسکوپ اپی فلورسنت

epifluorescent = اپی فلورسنت 

زیبایی شناختی = Esthetics
aesthetics = زیبایی شناسی، در اصل شاخه ای از علم فلسفه که به شناسایی زیبایی صورت و قضاوت در مورد آن می پردازد. اما در علوم آرایشی شاخه ای از کاسمتولوژی است که به مراقبت از پوست می پردازد.

esthetics = زیبایی، زیبایی شناسی، زیبایی شناختی

تخلیه  = Evacuate
evacuate = تخلیه 

بوته همیشه سبز  = Evergreen Shrub
evergreen shrub = بوته همیشه سبز 

رعایت بیش از حد بهداشت  = Excess Hygiene
excess hygiene = رعایت بیش از حد بهداشت 

سبوم اضافی  = Excess Sebum
scalp excess sebum = چربی های اضافی پوست سر

excess sebum = سبوم اضافی 

JOJOBA OIL: Mistakenly called an oil as it is really a wax that becomes soluble at room temperature. Jojoba oil is excellent at dissolving other oils, dead skin cells and excess sebum in the pores. Long used for scalp and general skin care. Used in CSRx Facial Cleansing Oil , CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment and in Calming Biolipid Repair Creme. (cellularskinrx.com)

تقلا = Exertion
exertion = تقلا

اکسفولیت = Exfoliating
Exfoliating = لایه برداری، عمل برداشتن لایه ای از سلول های مرده از سطح پوست به منظور جوانسازی

ACER SACCHARUM — Sugar Maple. A natural alpha hydroxy acid, its mild exfoliating action helps remove dead skin and promote skin cell turnover. Has antioxidant properties. (INCI dictionary) 
افراي قندي: يك اسيد آلفاهيدوركسي طبيعي داراي خاصيت لايه برداري ملايم براي زدودن سلول هاي مرده پوست و افزايش تكثير و تقسيم سلولي داراي خاصيت آنتي اكسيداني
AVENA SATIVA KERNEL FLOUR — Oatmeal. Natural cleanser and toner, its mild exfoliating action makes it an excellent addition to facial masks. Has a slight bleaching effect and is said to help fade age spots and other skin imperfections and to even out skin tones. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCOLIC ACID — Fruit acid from sugar cane and other sources, often used in exfoliating masks and lotions to help remove dead skin cells and promote new cell growth. (See also Fruit Acids.) (INCI dictionary)
SACCHARUM OFFICINARUM — Sugar Cane Extract. A main source of glycolic acid, its mild exfoliating action helps remove dead skin cells and encourage new cell growth. An excellent addition to anti-aging products. (See also Fruit Acids.) Sometimes used as a natural scent. (INCI dictionary)
SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEED POWDER — Jojoba Meal. High in protein and natural fibers, this byproduct of the moisture-rich jojo- ba plant contains 17 amino acids. Its mild exfoliating properties help clear away dead skin cells and nourish and deep-cleanse the complex- ion without drying it out. (INCI dictionary)
ZEA MAYS — Corn Cob Meal. Powder obtained from ground dried corncobs, added to masks and scrubs for its pore-clearing and exfoliating proper ties. Sometimes used as a thickener. (INCI dictionary)
BETAINE SALICYLATE: Betaine Salicylate is a natural skin conditioner derived from sugar beets. It is complexed with keratolytic BHA. It provides time-released exfoliating action long after it is removed. (cellularskinrx.com)
soft exfoliating cleanser = پاک کننده با خاصیت لایه برداری ملایم

Exfoliating cleansers = پاک کننده های لایه بردار 

اگزو پلی ساکارید = Exopolysaccharide
exopolysaccharide = پلی ساکاریدهای برون سلولی

پنل کارشناسان  = Expert Panel
expert panel = پنل کارشناسان 

چشم های نافذ و گیرا = Expressive Eyes
expressive eyes = چشم های نافذ و گیرا

نگاه گیرا و جذاب = Expressive Look
expressive look = نگاه گیرا و جذاب

خارج کردن  = Expulse
expulse = خارج کردن 

از بین بردن پف زیر چشم  = Eye Bag Removal
eye bag removal = از بین بردن پف زیر چشم 

برس بلندر چشم = Eye Blender Brush
Eye Blender Brush = برس ترکیب کننده رنگ سایه چشم

برس کانتور چشم = Eye Contour Brush
Eye Contour Brush = برس برای آرایش دور چشم 

برس دیفاینر چشم = Eye Definer Brush
Eye Definer Brush = برس نوک تیز خط چشم

برس با انتهای مخروطی برای دودی کردن چشم  = Eye Smudge Brush
Eye Smudge Brush = برس با انتهای مخروطی برای دودی کردن چشم 

شانه مژه = Eyelash Comb
Eyelash Comb = شانه مژه های چشم 

فر مژه  = Eyelash Curler
Eyelash Curler = فرمژه 

فاباسه = Fabaceae Family
Fabaceae family = خانواده فاباسه؛ شبدر قرمز یک گونه گیاهی از خانواده فاباسه است.

برس صورت  = Face Brush
Face Brush = برس صورت 

محدوده صورت = Face Contour
face contour = محدوده صورت

چهره درمانی = Facial Therapy
facial therapy = چهره درمانی، تکنیک های مراقبت از پوست صورت

مو مصنوعی = False Hair
false hair = موی کاذب، موی مصنوعی، کلاه گیس

مرد مد شیفته = Fashion Man
Fashion man = مرد مد شیفته

با قدرت جذب سریع = Fast Absorbing
fast absorbing = با قدرت جذب سریع

نفوذ سریع  = Fast Penetration
fast penetration = نفوذ سریع 

خوشه های چربی = Fat Clusters
fat clusters = توده های خوشه مانند چربی

فیلتر کردن چربی = Fat Infiltration
fat infiltration = صاف کردن و تصفیه چربی

روغن ماهی = Fatty Fish
Fatty fish = روغن ماهی

شنبلیله، گیاهی که در غرب آسیا و اروپا که به عنوان ادویه و همچنین در عطرسازی کاربرد دارد. = Fenugreek
Fenugreek = شنبلیله، گیاهی که در غرب آسیا و اروپا که به عنوان ادویه و همچنین در عطرسازی کاربرد دارد.

فیبریلین  = Fibrillin
fibrillin = فیبریلین 

فیبرونکتین  = Fibronectin
fibronectin = فیبرونکتین 

PALMITOYL PENTAPEPTIDE 3: Clinically proven to regenerate the skin's upper layers by stimulating collagen production, thus thickening the epidermis. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of the C-terminal portion of collagen I (the most common type of the nineteen forms of collagen) combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. One could look at Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 as a man-made precursor to collagen I. When this protein is added to cultured human fibroblasts it enhances the synthesis of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin. In vitro, Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen IV synthesis by 100-327% and to stimulate hyaluronic acidsynthesis by 267%. In vivo Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen synthesis by 30-117%. Image analysis determined the effect Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had on wrinkled skin. The six-month results are listed below, though significant results were seen in two months. Results: Mean wrinkle depth -- Reduced 17% Surface area: deep wrinkles -- Reduced 68% Surface area: moderate wrinkles -- Reduced 51% Mean density of wrinkled area -- Reduced 47% Skin roughness -- Reduced 16% Main wrinkle volume -- Reduced 24%. These results show that Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had a dramatic effect on reducing the quantity and depth of wrinkles. It also improved surface smoothness. (cellularskinrx.com)

پروتئین رشته ای  = Fibrous Protein
fibrous protein = پروتئین رشته ای 

Collagen: Fibrous protein in vertebrates. Usually derived from animal tissue. Can’t affect the skin’s own collagen. An allergen. Alternatives: soy protein, almond oil, amla oil (see alternatives to Keratin), etc. (peta.org)

فیلاگرین  = Filaggrin
filaggrin = فیلاگرین 

اتوی مو صاف کن = Flat Iron
flat iron = اتوی مو صاف کن

قابلیت انعطاف  = Flavonoids
flavonoids = قابلیت انعطاف 

CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS — Sweet Orange Oil, Peel. Essential oil expressed from the peel of sweet oranges (Navel, Jaffa, Valencia). An anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal used for its refreshing proper ties and pleasant scent. Contains flavonoids and vitamins A, B, C and E. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS SINENSIS OIL — Sweet Orange Oil. Essential oil ex- pressed from the peel of sweet oranges (Navel, Jaffa, Valencia). An anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal used for its refreshing proper ties and pleasant scent. Contains flavonoids and vitamins A, B, C and E. (INCI dictionary)

صاف و یکدست = Flawless
flawless = پوست صاف و یکدست و بی عیب

فلوسایتومتری  = Flow Cytometery
Flow cytometery = فلوسایتومتری 

فلورسان = Fluorescence
immunofluorescence = ایمونوفلورسان

relative fluorescence = فلورسانس نسبی

fluorescence = فلورسانس

DNA staining and image analysis by fluorescence microscopy = رنگ آمیزی دی ان ای و آنالیز تصویر با میكروسكوپ فلورسنت

موی پف کرده = Fly-Away
fly-away = موی پف کرده

مکمل غذایی  = Food Supplement
food supplement = مکمل غذایی 

فرسکلین  = Forskohlin
forskohlin = فرسکلین، فورسکولین

برس فونداسیون  = Foundation Brush
Foundation Brush = برس فونداسیون 

گیاه دم روباه = Foxtail
foxtail = گیاه دم روباه

ککی مکی = Freckle
freckles = لکه های کوچک زرد و قهوه ای روی پوست صورت که در اثر مواجهه با آفتاب معمولاً تشدید می شوند، کک و مک

ERYTHRAEA CENTAURIUM — Centaury, Century Herb. Used in cosmetics for its soothing and astringent properties. Applied topically, it helps even out skin tones and fade freckles and other skin discolorations. Also used as a natural color. (INCI dictionary) 
گياه كوهستاني سنتاريوم: در محصولات آرايشي-بهداشتي براي ويژگي التيام بخشي و قابض آن استفاده مي شود. وقتي به صورت موضعي روي پوست ماليده مي شود، پوست را يكنواخت نموده، قوام مي بخشد، لكه ها را محو مي كند و تيرگي پوست را كاهش مي دهد. همچنين به عنوان رنگ طبيعي استفاده مي شود.
freckle = ککی مکی

ERYTHRAEA CENTAURIUM — Centaury, Century Herb. Used in cosmetics for its soothing and astringent properties. Applied topically, it helps even out skin tones and fade freckles and other skin discolorations. Also used as a natural color. (INCI dictionary) 
گياه كوهستاني سنتاريوم: در محصولات آرايشي-بهداشتي براي ويژگي التيام بخشي و قابض آن استفاده مي شود. وقتي به صورت موضعي روي پوست ماليده مي شود، پوست را يكنواخت نموده، قوام مي بخشد، لكه ها را محو مي كند و تيرگي پوست را كاهش مي دهد. همچنين به عنوان رنگ طبيعي استفاده مي شود.
macule is small discolored spot on the skin like a freckle = ماکول به نقاطی از پوست که تغییر رنگ داده گفته می شود مثلا کک و مک نوعی ماکول است

گلیسرین آزاد  = Free Glycerol
free glycerol = گلیسرین آزاد 

کنترل وز مو = Frizz Control
frizz control = کنترل وز مو

فیوکوز  = Fucose
fucose = فیوکوز 

گونه های قارچی = Fungal Flora
fungal flora = گونه های قارچی

پاک کننده های ژله ای  = Gel Cleansers
Gel cleansers = پاک کننده های ژله ای 

شبکه ژلاتینی  = Gel Network
liquid-crystal gel network = شبکه مایع بلوری

gel network = شبکه ژلاتینی 

ژل کننده  = Gellant
gellant = ژل کننده 

بیان ژن = Gene Expression
gene expression = بیان ژن

به ملایمت  = Gently
gently = به ملایمت 

EXFOLIANTS — Used in masks, scrubs and cleansing lotions, exfoliants encourage skin cell regeneration by removing dead skin cells, making way for new cells underneath. Manual exfoliants such as ground nuts, meals and jojoba wax spheres gently slough off dead skin cells, while fruit acid exfoliants dissolve the cellular glue that holds skin cells together to reveal new, fresh cells. Enzymatic exfoliants such as papaya digest dead skin cells and offer the mildest form of exfoliation. (INCI dictionary) 
لايه بردارها: در ماسك ها، اسكراب ها و لوسيون هاي پاك كننده استفاده مي شود. با كاهش، از بين بردن و زدودن سلول هاي مرده، نوسازي سلولي را در پوست افزايش مي دهند. به اين ترتيب راه را براي سلول هاي تازه زيرين هموار مي كند. لايه بردارهايي مثل نات هاي گراند، ذرات كروي موم جوجوبا به خوبي سلول هاي مرده پوست را مي زدايند اما لايه بردارهاي اسيد ميوه اي چسب سلولي كه سلول ها را كنار هم نگه مي دارد را حل نموده تا سلول ها آزاد شوند. لايه بردارهاي آنزيمي مثل پاپايا سلول هاي مرده پوست را هضم مي كنند و ملايمترين نوع لايه بردار هستند.
FRUIT FERMENT EXTRACT: Fruit enzymes gently dissolve dead skin cells, eating the cells. A naturally gentle exfoliator. (cellularskinrx.com)
GLUCOSAMINE: Non-acid sugar complex gently exfoliates to deliver the same results as more irritating AHA's (alpha hydroxy acids). (cellularskinrx.com)

ورم لثه  = Gingivitis
gingivitis = inflammation of the gums = ورم لثه 

تلالو = Glitter
glitters, tiny pieces of sparkling material used for decoration = اکلیل، ذرات اکلیلی، ذرات کوچکی که برای تزئین استفاده می شوند.

Glitter = درخشش، درخشندگی

تاثیر عمومی = Global Action
global action on adipocyte metabolism = اثر کلی بر متابولیسم آدیپوسایت 

global action = تاثیر عمومی

درمان کامل = Global Treatment
global treatment = درمان کامل

گلوکورونیک اسید = Glucuronic Acid
glucuronic acid = گلوکورونیک اسید، اسید گلوکورونیک

گلوتاتیون  = Glutathione
glutathione = گلوتاتیون 

RIBOFLAVIN — Vitamin B-2. Antioxidant B vitamin, an integral par t of the chemical process that produces glutathione, which pro- tects skin cells from free radical damage. Very beneficial to the skin and nails. (INCI dictionary)

گلایکولیپید  = Glycolipid
glycolipid = گلایکولیپید 

پوشش خوب  = Good Coverage
good coverage = پوشش خوب 

فاکتور رشد  = Growth Factor
vascular entdothelial growth factor = فاکتور رشد اندوتلیال عروقی، فاکتور رشد درون پوش آوندی نیز توسط احسان حسنانی ترجمه شده است.

vascular epithelial growth factor, VEGF = فاکتور رشد درون پوش آوندی

Transforming growth factor beta 1, TGF-β1, polypeptide member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily of cytokines = فاکتور رشد تبدیلی بتا

hepatocyte growth factor, HGF = فاکتور رشد هپاتوسیت 

growth factor = فاکتور رشد 

برس مو = Hair Brush
Hair brush = برس مو

شکل مو = Hair Form
hair form = شکل مو

Hair appears much more complex that they look and they play a vital role in our appearance. They are composed of strong structural protein called keratin. Below the surface of the skin is the hair root, which is enclosed within a hair follicle. At the base of the follicle is the dermal papilla. The dermal papilla is feed by the bloodstream which carries nourishment to produce new hair. The dermal papilla plays a crucial role in the dermal-epidermal interactions and is of great importance for the hair formation and growth cycle. (Capixyl)

کش مو = Hair Ties
hair ties = کش مو

تونیک های مو = Hair Tonics
hair tonics = تونیک های مو، تقویت کننده مو

ARNICA MONTANA — Arnica Oil. Herbal extract used in hair tonics and massage preparations for its nourishing and anti-inflammatory proper ties. Combined with vitamin E, it is an excellent natural deodorant. (INCI dictionary)
MYROXYLON BALSAMUM — Balsam. Antiseptic and antibacterial widely used in topical preparations for its healing proper ties, and in hair tonics and antidandruff products. Sometimes also used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)

سنجاق مو = Hairpin
hairpin = سنجاق موی سر

barrette, hairpin = سنجاق سر

صابون خشن = Harsh Soap
harsh soap = صابون خشن

فرایند بهبودی = Healing Process
healing process = فرایند بهبودی

متخصصین طب سنتی = Herbalists
herbalists = متخصصین طب سنتی

BETULA ALBA — White Birch Extract. Powdered extract from the bark of the birch tree, known for its soothing and purifying effect on the skin. Herbalists use it in the treatment of many skin dis- orders. An excellent addition to sun care products and face creams. (INCI dictionary)
EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS — Eucalyptus Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties. Used in cleansers, massage formulations and bath soaks for its cooling, soothing effect on the skin. Herbalists recommend a few drops of the oil in a hot bath to open up blocked sinuses and help clear a stuffy nose. (INCI dictionary)
EUGENIA CARYOPHYLLUS FLOWER OIL — Clove Oil. Soothing agent and antiseptic. Herbalists often recommend this fragrant herb for sensitive teeth and gums. (INCI dictionary)
JUNIPERUS OXYCEDRUS — Cade Wood Oil. Essential oil obtained by steam distillation of the wood from the juniper tree. Used by European herbalists as a cleanser and toner to help clear and condition the scalp and prevent flaking. Today coal tar, a dangerous petrochemical, is generally used in its place in many mass-produced hair care products. (INCI dictionary)
ORIGANUM VULGARE — Oregano Oil. Powerful antifungal and healing agent. Chinese herbalists have used it for generations to soothe rashes and other skin irritations and relieve itching. (INCI dictionary)
PERSEA GRATISSIMA — Avocado Oil. A good source of vitamins A, D and E, amino acids and sterols. Herbalists traditionally have used avocado oil in hair and scalp preparations and in the treatment of chronic dry skin conditions. Easily absorbed by the skin and scalp, it is very soothing and nourishing. (INCI dictionary)

وراثت  = Heredity
heredity = وراثت 

همگونی = Homogeneity
homogeneity = همگونی، همگن بودن

هوموژنیزه کردن = Homogenization
homogenization = هوموژنیزه کردن

همگن  = Homogenous
homogenous = همگن 

فام رنگ = Hue
hue = فام رنگ

سبوسیت های انسان = Human Sebocytes
primary human sebocytes = سبوسیت های اولیه انسانی

human sebocytes = سبوسیت های انسان

آب و هوای مرطوب = Humid Conditions
humid conditions = آب و هوای مرطوب

هیدروکلوئید = Hydro-Colloids
hydro-colloids = هیدروکلوئید

محصولات هیدرولیز = Hydrolysates
hydrolysates = محصولات هیدرولیز

سر آبدوست = Hydrophilic Head
hydrophilic head = سر آبدوست

هایپر کراتوسیس = Hyperkeratosis
hyperkeratosis = هایپر کراتوسیس، هیپر کراتوز

هایپرپلاسیا = Hyperplasia
hyperplasia = هایپرپلاسیا ، رشد بیش از حد یک بافت در اثر افزایش سرعت تکثیر سلولی، معمولا نشان دهنده شروع سرطان است

هایپرتروفی = Hypertrophy
hypertrophy = هایپرتروفی، رشد بیش از اندازه

آزمون ارزیابی خاصیت ایمنی = Immuno-Assay
immuno-assay = آزمون ارزیابی خاصیت ایمنی

ایمونوژنی = Immunogenic
immunogenic = ایمونوژنی

رنگ آمیزی ایمنی = Immunostaining
immunostaining = رنگ آمیزی ایمنی

ناسازگاری = Incompatibility
incompatibility test = تست عدم سازگاری، معمولاً از این تست برای اطمینان از این که مو قبلاً با رنگ های فلزی رنگ نشده، در آرایشگاه ها استفاده می شود.

incompatibility = ناسازگاری

گرمخانه گذاری = Incubation
incubation = گرمخانه گذاری، انکوباسیون

اثر القایی = Induction Effect
induction effect = اثر القایی

گاز بی اثر  = Inert Gas
inert gas = گاز بی اثر 

پیری در اثر پرتوهای فروسرخ = Infra-Aging
infra-aging = پیری در اثر پرتوهای فروسرخ

واکنش اولیه = Initial Reaction
initial reaction = واکنش آغازین، اولین واکنش، واکنش اکسیداسیون مونومر رنگ مو توسط اکسیدان

دست نخورده = Intact
intact = دست نخورده

Witch hazel is a small tree known for its softening, soothing properties. When formulating their family toiletry range, Yves Rocher Vegetal Biology Laboratories selected an organic witch hazel extract, obtained according to special rules of cultivation and extraction designed to deliver its properties intact. (yvesrocher.ca)

یکپارچگی  = Integrity
integrity = یکپارچگی 

ACETYL TETRAPEPTIDE-2: Mimics the body's natural growth hormone, thymopoietin, which triggers reparative processes. Restores structural integrity of the upper eyelid. Provide multi-functional age-defying action against sagging while reducing fine lines and wrinkles. Absorbs lipofuscin to reduce dark circles and puffiness due to poor circulation. Restores firmness and volume. (cellularskinrx.com)
BEAUTIFEYE®: Also known as Acetyl Tetrapeptide-2. Mimics the body's natural growth hormone, thymopoietin, which triggers reparative processes. Restores structural integrity of the upper eyelid. Provide multi-functional age-defying action against sagging while reducing fine lines and wrinkles. Absorbs lipofuscin to reduce dark circles and puffiness due to poor circulation. Restores firmness and volume. (cellularskinrx.com)

ضدلک قوی = Intense Fader
intense fader = ضدلک قوی

قدرت یونی  = Ionic Strength
ionic strength = قدرت یونی 

یونوزوم  = Ionosome
ionosome = یونوزوم 

پوست تحریک شده = Irritated Skin
irritated skin = پوست تحریک شده

ANDIRA ARAROBA — Goa Herb, Chrysarobin. A natural astringent, its chemical affinity to the keratin elements of the skin makes this herb an excellent treatment for acne, eczema and other skin conditions. A calming agent for itching, flaking or irritated skin. (INCI dictionary)
HYPERICUM PERFORATUM — St. John’s Wort. Although this calming herb is best known as a natural antidepressant, its oil form is an excellent emollient and skin softener, widely used in sun and skin care products for its healing proper ties on dry, irritated skin. Also beneficial to damaged hair and dry scalp. Not phototoxic when used topically. (INCI dictionary)
MYRTUS COMMUNIS — Myrtle Herb Extract. Aromatic stimulant and mild tonic sometimes used in suncare products for its soothing effect on sun-irritated skin. (INCI dictionary)
BETA GLUCANS: Soluble Beta Glucans are extremely effective in increasing moisture retention and calming irritated skin. As Biological Response Modifiers, they also help to activate the immune system of the skin, challenging skin to repair itself at a deep level where sensitivity starts. (cellularskinrx.com)
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: A powerful antioxidant that protects skin from free radical damage that causes premature aging. The polyphenols in green tea act as free radical scavengers soaking up these unstable molecules before they can damage the collagen layer. Green tea extract has also been shown to soothe, heal and calm irritated skin. (cellularskinrx.com)

ایزوله = Isolate
freshly isolated human keratinocyte = کراتینوسیت های تازه انسان 

isolate = ایزوله کردن، جداسازی

METHYL BENZOATE — Natural isolate derived from the fer- mentation of sugar. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
POTASSIUM SORBATE — The potassium salt of sorbic acid, a natural compound isolated from the oil of the rowan or mountain ash berry. A mild preservative used in foods, herbal supplements and cosmetics for its anti-microbial and anti-fungal proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
Arachidonic Acid: A liquid unsaturated fatty acid that is found in liver, brain, glands, and fat of animals and humans. Generally isolated from animal liver. Used in companion animal food for nutrition and in skin creams and lotions to soothe eczema and rashes. Alternatives: synthetics, aloe vera, tea tree oil, calendula ointment. (peta.org)
ISOLATES: Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. (fragrance.org)
SPECIALTIES: Natural oils, natural isolates or synthetics, either alone or in combination, which are used as building blocks for fragrance compounds. They are less complex than a finished fragrance compound. They may be an end-product of special processing treatments or unique raw materials. A single company under a trade name usually supplies them. (fragrance.org)
isolated = جداشده، جداسازی شده

POTASSIUM SORBATE — The potassium salt of sorbic acid, a natural compound isolated from the oil of the rowan or mountain ash berry. A mild preservative used in foods, herbal supplements and cosmetics for its anti-microbial and anti-fungal proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
Arachidonic Acid: A liquid unsaturated fatty acid that is found in liver, brain, glands, and fat of animals and humans. Generally isolated from animal liver. Used in companion animal food for nutrition and in skin creams and lotions to soothe eczema and rashes. Alternatives: synthetics, aloe vera, tea tree oil, calendula ointment. (peta.org)
ISOLATES: Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. (fragrance.org)
isolates = ایزولات

ISOLATES: Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. (fragrance.org)
SPECIALTIES: Natural oils, natural isolates or synthetics, either alone or in combination, which are used as building blocks for fragrance compounds. They are less complex than a finished fragrance compound. They may be an end-product of special processing treatments or unique raw materials. A single company under a trade name usually supplies them. (fragrance.org)
ISOLATES, Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. = ایزولات ها: مواد شیمیایی كه تركیبات طبیعی جداسازی شدند.

خط آرواره = Jaw Line
jaw line = خط فک، پیرامون صورت

کراتینیزه شدن = Keratinization
Keratinization = کراتینه شدن، تبدیل شدن به بافت شاخی، شاخی شدن، سنگفرشی شدن

Keratinization stimulation = تحریک کراتین سازی

نشانه گذاری  = Labelling
labelling = نشانه گذاری 

فقدان رطوبت = Lack Of Moisture
lack of moisture = فقدان رطوبت

لاکتوباسیلی = Lactobacilli
lactobacilli = باکتری های لاکتوباسیلی

لانابلو = Lanablue
Lanablue = لانابلو

شبه لیزر = Laser-Like
laser-like = شبه لیزر

تشکیل کف دادن = Lather
lather = تشکیل کف دادن

COCO-GLUCOSIDE — Natural cleansing and foaming agent made from coconut oil and corn sugar, which helps increase the lathering action in shampoos and liquid soaps. This mild, natural de- tergent has a similar composition to saponins (plant glycosides) ob- tained from soap bark (quillaya) and yucca root. (INCI dictionary)
DECYL GLUCOSIDE — Natural cleansing and foaming agent made from coconut/corn sugar and used in shampoos and liquid soaps for its mild lathering proper ties. See also Coco-glucoside. (INCI dictionary)
LAURYL GLUCOSIDE — A surfactant and foaming agent naturally derived from coconut/beet sugar. It has excellent lathering capabilities and conditioning properties, and is very gentle on the hair and skin. It can be used alongside other glucosides to enhance the foam and increase the conditioning action of a product. Because it is a non-irritant, it is often used in preparations for sensitive skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
SAPONARIA OFFICINALIS — Soapwort. High in saponins, natural cleansing agents. Used in soaps for its lathering proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM COCOATE — Coconut oil saponified with an alkaline salt. A lathering agent in soaps. (See also Cocos nucifera oil.) (INCI dictionary)

گولبول سفید = Leukocyte
Leukocytes = لکوسیت ها، گلبول های سفید، سلول های سفید خونی، سلولهای بی رنگ خون که با مواد بیگانه و بیماری زا مبارزه می کند.

leukocyte = لکوسیت، گلبول سفید، سلول سفید خونی

سبک زندگی = Lifestyle
lifestyle = سبک زندگی

لمس سبک تر = Lighter Touch
lighter touch = لمس سبک تر

روغن بزرک = Linseed Oil
linseed oil = روغن بزرک

برس لب  = Lip Brush
Lip Brush = برس لب 

کمبود لیپید = Lipid Deficiency
lipid deficiency = نقص لیپیدی، کمبود لیپید

غشاء لیپیدی = Lipid Membrane
lipid membrane = غشاء لیپیدی

شبیه لیپوساکشن = Liposuction-Like
liposuction-like = لیپوساکشن مانند

طره مو = Lock Of Hair
pigtails, plaited lock of hair worn singly at the back or on each side of the head = پیگتیل، طره های بافته شده مو در قسمت پشت سر یا هر یک از طرفین سر

lock of hair = طره مو

آرایش با دوام = Long-Wear Makeup
Long-wear makeup = آرایش با دوام

لوسیون مانند = Lotion-Like
lotion-like = لوسیون مانند

گره های لنفی = Lymph Nodes
lymph nodes = گره های لنفی

کافت سلول ها = Lysis Of Cells
lysis of cells = کافت سلول ها

قلم های آرایشی = Makeup Sticks
Makeup Sticks = قلم های آرایشی

مخمر مالاسزیا = Malassezia Yeast
Malassezia yeast = مخمر مالاسزیا

مانکن = Mannequin
mannequin = مانکن

تنه ریمل = Mascara Wands
Mascara wands = تنه ریمل

بازار محصولات ارزان قیمت = Mass Market
mass market = بازار محصولات ارزان قیمت

موی چندساله = Mature Hair
Mature hair = موی چندساله، موهایی که چند سال کوتاه نشده

محصولات زیبایی آقایان = Mens Grooming
mens grooming = محصولات زیبایی آقایان

تار و پود = Mesh
mesh = تار و پود

رشد میکروبی = Microbial Growth
Microbial growth = رشد میکروبی

میکرو کرم = Microcream
microcream = میکرو کرم، کرم های با سایز کوچک مثلا 15 میلی گرمی

میکروریلیف = Microrelief
cutaneous microrelief = میکروریلیف پوستی 

microrelief = میکروریلیف

جوش های خفیف = Mild Breakouts
mild breakouts = جوش های خفیف

کاملاً معدنی = Mineral Only
mineral only = کاملاً معدنی، فقط حاوی مواد معدنی، نوعی ضد آفتاب

کشیده تر  = More Taut
more taut = کشیده تر 

دارای عملکرد چندگانه = Multi-Functional
multi-functional = دارای عملکرد چندگانه

ACETYL TETRAPEPTIDE-2: Mimics the body's natural growth hormone, thymopoietin, which triggers reparative processes. Restores structural integrity of the upper eyelid. Provide multi-functional age-defying action against sagging while reducing fine lines and wrinkles. Absorbs lipofuscin to reduce dark circles and puffiness due to poor circulation. Restores firmness and volume. (cellularskinrx.com)
BEAUTIFEYE®: Also known as Acetyl Tetrapeptide-2. Mimics the body's natural growth hormone, thymopoietin, which triggers reparative processes. Restores structural integrity of the upper eyelid. Provide multi-functional age-defying action against sagging while reducing fine lines and wrinkles. Absorbs lipofuscin to reduce dark circles and puffiness due to poor circulation. Restores firmness and volume. (cellularskinrx.com)

جهش زایی = Mutagenicity
mutagenicity = جهش زایی

نانو ذرات = Nano Particle
nano particle = ذراتی که اندازه آن ها بین 1 تا 100 نانومتر است.

نانو مواد = Nanomaterial
nanomaterial = نانومواد، موادی که حاوی نانوذرات غیرپیوندی و پیوندی است.

نازوژنی = Nasogenian Folds
nasogenian folds = چروک های نازوژنی

سیاه پوست  = Negroid
negroid = سیاه پوست 

مواد واسطه عصبی = Neuromediator
neuromediator = مواد واسطه عصبی

ناقل عصبی = Neurotransmitter
neurotransmitter = نوروترانزمیتر، ناقل های عصبی

ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 3: A non-toxic amino-peptide developed specifically to reduce wrinkles and the signs of premature aging. Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 is a cost-effective alternative to injections and surgical procedures. Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 temporarily limits the overproduction and release of neurotransmitters that initiate and control the intensity of facial muscle contractions. This reduction in intensity reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. This powerful ingredient reduces muscle contractions in a non-paralytic fashion and without toxic side effects. It is naturally derived and non-irritating to the skin. Attaching the hexapeptide to the fatty acid, acetyl, allows the resulting amino-peptide to be easily absorbed into the skin. At a 10% concentration, Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 has been shown to reduce the depth of wrinkles up to 30% after 30 days of trial use. (source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science, Vol. 24, No 5, p.303, October 2002). Currently, doctors are beginning to recommend use of Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 skin serums in conjunction with paralytic injections to prolong those results. (cellularskinrx.com)
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 8: An amino-peptide developed specifically to reduce wrinkles and the signs of premature aging. Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 is the longer chain molecule cousin of Acetyl Hexapeptide 3. Similar to AH-3, it is a cost-effective alternative to injections and surgical procedures. Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 temporarily limits the overproduction and release of neurotransmitters that initiate and control the intensity of facial muscle contractions. This reduction in intensity reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. Used in combination with Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 and Acetyl Hexapeptide 30, it results in an additive wrinkle-relaxing effect that is more powerful than each amino-peptide used alone. (cellularskinrx.com)

شامپوی خنثی = Neutral Shampoo
Neutral shampoo = شامپوی خنثی

نیوترازن = Neutrazen
Neutrazen = نیوترازن، اکتیو آرایشی

نمک نیگاری = Nigari Salt
Nigari salt = نمک نیگاری

سیاه دانه = Nigella
nigella = سیاه دانه

غیر تخمیری = Non Fermentative
non fermentative = غیرتخمیری

رنگی نشده = Non Pigmented
non pigmented = رنگی نشده

غیر چسبنده = Non Tacky
non tacky = غیر چسبنده

غیرسمی = Non Toxic
non toxic = غیر سمی

غیرسرطانی  = Noncancerous
noncancerous = غیرسرطانی 

غیرکومدون زایی = Noncomedogenic
noncomedogenic = غیرکومدون زایی

بدون اثر سفیدی = Non-Whitening
non-whitening = بدون اثر سفیدی

چربی معمولی = Normal Fat
normal fat = چربی معمولی

BIOTIN — Also known as vitamin H, biotin is par t of the B vita- min group. It is an impor tant factor in the growth of tissue and the proper functioning of the oil glands. A biotin deficiency can lead to fry skin, seborrheic dermatitis and the formation of dandruff and crusts in the scalp. Biotin is vital for the maintenance of a normal fat metabolism, and is essential for hair growth and scalp health. (INCI dictionary)

پوست نرمال  = Normal Skin
scar, areas of fibrous tissue (fibrosis) that replace normal skin after injury = اسکار، نواحی خاصی از پوست که بعد از جراحت، پوست طبیعی با بافت فیبری (فیبروزی) جایگزین شده است

Normal skin = پوست نرمال 

آستانه نرمال = Normal Threshold
normal threshold = آستانه نرمال

اوئنوتئین B = Oenothein B
Oenothein B = اوئنوتئین B

پاک کننده های روغنی  = Oil Cleansers
Oil cleansers = پاک کننده های روغنی 

جریان مواد چرب = Oily Flow
oily flow = جریان مواد چرب

اولیگوپپتیدها = Oligopeptides
oligopeptides = اولیگوپپتیدها

حراج های اینترنتی = Online Auctions
Online auctions = مزایده های آنلاین،حراج های اینترنتی

شروع بیماری = Onset
onset of dandruff = پیدایش شوره، شروع شوره
onset = شروع بیماری

ظاهر پوست پرتقالی  = Orange Peel
orange peel = ظاهر پوست پرتقالی 

ریشه زنبق = Orris Root

اسمولیت = Osmolyte
natural osmolyte = اسمولیت طبیعی 

تنظیم تراوایی = Osmoregulation
osmoregulation = تنظیم تراوایی، اسمو رگولاسیون

مرکز فروش = Outlets
Outlets = جایگاه عرضه، مرکز فروش

بیرون راندن = Outpouring
outpouring = بیرون راندن، ترشح به بیرون، در اثر افزایش میزان ترشح سبوم، اندازه منافذ پوست بزرگ تر می شود تا بیرون راندن چربی اضافی میسر شود.

بسته بندی  = Packaging
packaging = بسته بندی 

پاپول دار = Papular
papular = پاپول دار

پاراکراتوسیس = Parakeratosis
parakeratosis = پاراکراتوسیس، شرایطی که در آن، از بین رفتن هسته سلولی به طور کامل انجام نشود

improves parakeratosis stages = اصلاح پاراکراتوسیس

خمیرمانند = Paste-Like
paste-like = خمیرمانند

ضربه ملایم = Pat
patch = پچ های پوستی، نوار چسب هایی که روی پوست می زنند تا آلودگی ها از سطح پوست زدوده شود. این چسب های نواری گاهی برای سنجش حساسیت پوست استفاده می شوند.
incompatibility test = تست عدم سازگاری، معمولاً از این تست برای اطمینان از این که مو قبلاً با رنگ های فلزی رنگ نشده، در آرایشگاه ها استفاده می شود.
adhesive patch = بخش کوچکی از قسمت درونی مو مصنوعی آقایان که با یک ماده چرب ابریشمی پوشیده شده است.
patch test = آزمون پچ، پچ تست، تست حساسیت پوست، تست نوارچسب
PAMP, pathogen-associated molecular pattern = الگوی مولکولی مرتبط با پاتوژن
Pathologic = پاتولوژیک، عملکرد بیمار گونه
patented = پتنت شده، ثبت شده انحصاری
male pattern hair loss = ریزش مو با الگوی مردانه
patent = پتنت، گواهی ثبت اختراع
hepatocyte growth factor, HGF = فاکتور رشد هپاتوسیت 
UV patch = نوار چسب های فرابنفش
patchouli = پاچولی، نعناع هندی
BSE, bovine spongiform encephalopathy = بیماری جنون گاوی 
biocompatible = زیست سازگار 
pat = ضربه ملایم
incompatibility = ناسازگاری
sympathetic = سمپاتیک
phototype, the Fitzpatrick skin type, Skin phototype depends on the amount of melanin pigment in the skin. It is assessed on a scale from 1 to 6. = فتوتیپ، تیپ پوستی فیت پاتریك، فتوتیپ پوست بستگی به مقدار رنگ دانه های ملانین در پوست دارد و از یك تا شش شماره گذاری می شود.
vitiligo is an acquired condition of white patches = ویتیلیگو = پچ های سفید پوستی که یک عارضه اکتسابی است

نوار چسب = Patch
patch = پچ های پوستی، نوار چسب هایی که روی پوست می زنند تا آلودگی ها از سطح پوست زدوده شود. این چسب های نواری گاهی برای سنجش حساسیت پوست استفاده می شوند.

patch test = آزمون پچ، پچ تست، تست حساسیت پوست، تست نوارچسب

UV patch = نوار چسب های فرابنفش

پکتین  = Pectin
pectin = پکتین 

CITRUS SINENSIS — Orange Pith Juice.The plant liquid squeezed from the pith and peel of oranges after they have been juiced. High in vitamin C and pectinic acid, it helps smooth the cuticle of the hair to lock in nutrients and enhance shine. (INCI dictionary)
PECTIN — Obtained from the cell walls of plants, the peel of citrus and the crushed pulp of apples. Used in hair care products, it helps smooth the cuticle to lock in nutrients and enhance shine. PELARGONIUM GRAVEOLENS — Geranium Oil. Essential oil with astringent and tonic proper ties, an excellent normalizer foroily skin. Sometimes used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
Gelatin Gel: Protein obtained by boiling skin, tendons, ligaments, and/or bones in water. From cows and pigs. Used in shampoos, face masks, and other cosmetics. Used as a thickener for fruit gelatins and puddings (e.g., Jell-O). In candies, marshmallows, cakes, ice cream, yogurts. On photographic film and in vitamins as a coating and as capsules. Sometimes used to assist in “clearing” wines. Alternatives: carrageen (carrageenan, Irish moss), seaweeds (algin, agar-agar, kelp—used in jellies, plastics, medicine), pectin from fruits, dextrins, locust bean gum, cotton gum, silica gel. Marshmallows were originally made from the root of the marshmallow plant. Vegetarian capsules are now available from several companies. Digital cameras don’t use film. (peta.org)

نفوذ، رسوخ = Penetrate
penetrate = نفوذ، رسوخ

LIPOSOMES — Micro-capsules or sacs made from fatty substances (phospholipids), easily absorbed by the skin. Used in creams and lo- tions, they penetrate deeply to deliver nutrients, moisture and other substances contained within the sac to internal layers of the skin. (See also Phospholipids.) (INCI dictionary)
SALICYLIC ACID — The active ingredient in aspirin, a natural an- ti-inflammatory and exfoliant used in the treatment of acne and preparations for oily skin. Applied topically, it penetrates the fol- licle and encourages the shedding of dead skin cells from within, breaking up oil deposits and debris that can cause blocked pores and blemishes. Natural sources of salicylic acid include willow bark extract (Salix nigra) and wintergreen oil (Gaultheria procumbens). (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM LAUROYL LACTYLATE — The sodium salt of lactic acid, a food-grade emulsifier and mild surfactant, used as a foam- ing and cleansing agent and to give the hair a soft, silky texture. The emulsifier of choice for natural products, it offers excellent moisturizing proper ties and leaves a smooth feel after application. It penetrates the top layer of skin to offer residual moisturization, extended fragrance release and enhanced delivery of actives. (INCI dictionary)
RETINOL: Retinol is pure active Vitamin A which is scientifically proven to produce healthy, plump skin cells. Because Retinol's molecular structure is small enough to penetrate the outer layers of the epidermis, it can repair deeper layers within the skin.  Collagen and elastin are positively impacted by the benefits of Retinol, as it stimulates the production of collagen in the skin layers, and helps to rebuild and repair elastin fibers. Retinol accelerates cell turnover, encouraging dead skin cells to naturally exfoliate more quickly, thus revealing healthy, fresh cells. It is an excellent ingredient that aids in the repair of sun damaged skin.  Retinol has been proven to be extremely helpful in the treatment of acne without the drying effects (cellularskinrx.com)
Semi-Permanent Hair Color: Semi-permanent hair color is a color formula that deposits itself mainly on the cuticle layer of the hair, but it will also penetrate deeper into the cortex. This type of color cannot lighten hair and is generally used to add depth, change color tone, brighten the hair and camouflage small amounts of grey. The color fades away with each shampoo, meaning it lasts between 6-8 shampoos, and it can be found in various forms including, mousses, gels, crèmes and liquids. (thehairstyler.com)
Temporary Hair Color: Temporary hair color comes in various forms including rinses, shampoos, gels, mousses and sprays. The color molecules are very large and can only sit on the hair's cuticle- therefore they don't penetrate into the hair- making the color only last 1 wash. Temporary hair colors are great for a quick, temporary and relatively safe makeover (in any case always consult your stylist first). Just remember they cannot lighten hair, but can only temporarily darken and brighten. (thehairstyler.com)
penetrate deeply = نفوذ عمقی

LIPOSOMES — Micro-capsules or sacs made from fatty substances (phospholipids), easily absorbed by the skin. Used in creams and lo- tions, they penetrate deeply to deliver nutrients, moisture and other substances contained within the sac to internal layers of the skin. (See also Phospholipids.) (INCI dictionary)

پیتر آگر، کاشف آکواپورین  = Peter Agre
Peter Agre = پیتر آگر، کاشف آکواپورین 

فنوتیپ = Phenotype
phenotype = فنوتیپ

سمیت نوری  = Phototoxicity
phototoxicity = سمیت نوری 

فایتیک اسید  = Phytic Acid
phytic acid = فایتیک اسید 

SODIUM PHYTATE — The complex sodium salt of phytic acid, derived from the seeds of cereal grains, legumes and nuts. A natural chelating agent, it is used in shampoos to bind to minerals and impurities in the hair, allowing hair to rinse clean. Used to boost our new preser vative system. (INCI dictionary)

فیتومر = Phytomer
phytomer = فیتومر

فیتو استرول ها = Phytosterols
phytosterols = فیتو استرول ها، روغن های ضد التهاب با ساختاری شبیه کلسترول، برای استفاده در کرم های ضد التهاب، کرم های آفتاب سوختگی و سایر محصولات آرایشی بهداشتی

رنگدانه های آرایشی = Pigments
Pigments = رنگدانه های آرایشی

ALBIZIA JULIBRISSIN BARK EXTRACT: This is a plant often called the Persian silk tree” or “mimosa.” Protects skin cells by producing melatonin. It works by improving respiration, ridding the skin of toxic glycogens, increasing cellular energy and reducing the formation of AGE pigments (cellularskinrx.com)
Colors Dyes: Pigments from animal, plant, and synthetic sources used to color foods, cosmetics, and other products. Cochineal is from insects. Widely used FD&C and D&C colors are coal-tar (bituminous coal) derivatives that are continuously tested on animals because of their carcinogenic properties. Alternatives: grapes, beets, turmeric, saffron, carrots, chlorophyll, annatto, alkanet. (peta.org)
Bleach Activator: Bleach activator is generally hydrogen peroxide and it's needed to open the hair cuticle to allow the bleaching agent inside the hair shaft. It also chemically reacts with the bleach to de-colorize pigments. The higher the volume of peroxide (activator) used, the faster and lighter the hair becomes- but the more damaged it can get too. (thehairstyler.com)
Bleaching: Bleaching is the actual process where lightening or de-colorization occurs, starting from the largest (darkest) pigments. This is typically known as the 7 stages of bleaching: black - brown - red-brown - red - orange - yellow - white (in that order). (thehairstyler.com)
Clay Lighteners: Clay lighteners are lightening powders that contain organic pigments and also (they claim) 17 amino acids, silk extracts, olive oil, panthenol and milk, as well as being ammonia free. They are not clay at all and are simply promoted as natural and better for the condition of the hair. They are effective, but can easily be over-processed and can cause serious damage to the hair shaft if adequate care is not taken. (thehairstyler.com)
Cortex: The cortex lies directly underneath the cuticle and is spiral-looking in appearance- kind of like a coiled rope. It's here that pigments are found and that natural hair elasticity, i.e. straight, wavy, curly, gets its form. The cortex is also where all permanent chemical coloring takes place, including bleaching, perming and chemical straightening, and where the natural shape of the hair is changed; for example, using hot irons to go from curly to straight or hot rollers to go from straight to curly. These changes last only until the hair becomes wet again. (thehairstyler.com)
Peroxide: Peroxide is otherwise known as hydrogen peroxide and is used in many ways in everyday life as a bleaching agent, disinfectant, oxidizer and antiseptic, but it's extensively used in hair color services as a developer or activator. Its primary role is to open the cuticle layer and allow tints or bleach into the cortex so they can then deposit or remove color by breaking disulfide bonds within the hair, releasing sulfur (hence the smell). When peroxide is mixed with hair bleach, the peroxide continues to de-colorize color pigments; but when mixed with tints, its role is to bond the new color molecule inside the hair. (thehairstyler.com)
pearlescent pigments, pigments possess optical effects that serve decorative purposes such as cosmetics, printed products, industrial coatings, or automotive paints = ذرات مرواریدی

سیخونک = Pin Prick
pin prick = سیخونک

آرومای گیاهی = Plant Aroma
plant aroma = آرومای گیاهی

ESSENTIAL OILS — Volatile liquids extracted from plant materials by steam distillation or expression, which contain the characteristic plant aroma. Unlike fixed plant oils (such as olive oil), essential oils evaporate at room temperature and do not leave an oily residue on the skin. (INCI dictionary)

مایع پلاسما = Plasma Fluid
plasma fluid = مایع پلاسما

پری و چاقی پوست = Plumping
plumping = پری و چاقی پوست

plumping effect = اثر پرکنندگی

اثر پرکنندگی = Plumping Effect
plumping effect = اثر پرکنندگی

پلی هولوزید  = Polyholoside
polyholoside = پلی هولوزید 

مجاری منافذ پوست = Pore Channel
pore channel = مجاری منافذ پوست

افزایش اندازه منافذ پوست = Pore Enlargement
pore enlargement = افزایش اندازه منافذ پوست

پرکننده منافذ پوست = Pore Filling
pore filling = پرکننده منافذ پوست

موی متخلخل = Porous Hair
over porous hair = موی بیش از حد متخلخل

Porous hair = موی متخلخل

کنترل مثبت = Positive Control
positive control = کنترل مثبت

بعد از زایمان = Post Partum
post partum = بعد از زایمان

بعد از لیپوساکشن = Post-Liposuction
post-liposuction = بعد از لیپوساکشن

بعد از حاملگی = Post-Pregnancy
post-pregnancy = بعد از حاملگی

برس پودر  = Powder Brush
Powder Brush = برس پودر 

پاف پودرزنی = Powder Puff
Powder puff = وسیله ای نرم برای پودرزنی

از پیش پراکنده شده = Pre Dispersed
pre dispersed = از پیش پراکنده شده

پیش فرآوری = Pretreatment
pretreatment = پیش فرآوری، پیش درمان

چنگک = Prong
prong = چنگک

پروتئوگلایکن ها = Proteoglycan
proteoglycans, compound consisting of a protein bonded to mucopolysaccharide groups, present especially in connective tissue. = پروتئوگلایکن، ترکیبات پروتئینی که به گروه های موکوپلی ساکاریدی پیوند یافته و در بافت پیوندی بدن وجود دارند

proteoglycan = پروتئوگلایکن ها

پروتئوس وولگاریس = Proteus Vulgaris
proteus vulgaris = پروتئوس وولگاریس

سوراخ کردن = Puncturing
puncturing = سوراخ کردن

برش خالص = Pure Fraction
pure fraction = برش خالص

پاک سازی عمقی = Purify
purify = پاک سازی عمقی

BETULA ALBA — White Birch Extract. Powdered extract from the bark of the birch tree, known for its soothing and purifying effect on the skin. Herbalists use it in the treatment of many skin dis- orders. An excellent addition to sun care products and face creams. (INCI dictionary)
ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS — Rosemary Oil. Essential oil ben- eficial to both hair and skin for its antioxidant, toning and purifying proper ties. In hair care products, it is said to stimulate hair follicles to grow and encourage circulation to the scalp. Used in hair rinses, par ticularly in combination with sage, it soothes and conditions the scalp and helps remove buildup and prevent flaking. (INCI dictionary)
YUCCA SCHIDIGERA — Yucca Root. Mild, natural detergent used in shampoos and soaps for its foaming and purifying abilities. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
LEMON EXTRACT: It is a natural alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) that helps to brighten, lighten, and purify the skin. (cellularskinrx.com)

تیغ اصلاح = Razor
razor = تیغ اصلاح

تراوش به بیرون = Release Out
release out = تراوش به بیرون

ریپرس = Repress
repress = ریپرس کردن، کاهش دادن 

ماده باقی مانده = Residual
residual = مقدار ماده باقی مانده

SODIUM LAUROYL LACTYLATE — The sodium salt of lactic acid, a food-grade emulsifier and mild surfactant, used as a foam- ing and cleansing agent and to give the hair a soft, silky texture. The emulsifier of choice for natural products, it offers excellent moisturizing proper ties and leaves a smooth feel after application. It penetrates the top layer of skin to offer residual moisturization, extended fragrance release and enhanced delivery of actives. (INCI dictionary)
residual monomer = مونومرهای باقی مانده

residual solvents = حلال باقیمانده

مواد باقی مانده = Residues
residues = بقایا

فیبرهای رتیکولار = Reticular Fibers
reticular fibers = فیبرهای رتیکولار

شبه رتینوئید = Retinoid-Like
retinoid-like = شبه رتینوئید

بافت غنی = Rich Texture
rich texture = بافت غنی

صلبیت = Rigidity
rigidity = صلبیت، سختی

برشته کردن = Roasting
roasting = بو دادن، برشته کردن

پروفایل ایمنی  = Safety Profile
safety profile = پروفایل ایمنی 

افتادگی  = Sagginess
sagginess = افتادگی 

پوست افتاده و شل = Saggy Skin
saggy skin = پوست دچار افتادگی، پوست افتاده و شل

ساییدن با ساینده های قوی = Sanding
sanding = ساییدن با ساینده های قوی

دشتی = Savannah
Savannah = دشتی، نوعی رنگ فانتزی برای مو

افزایش مقیاس = Scale Up
scale up = افزایش مقیاس

تغییرات فصلی = Seasonal Change
seasonal change = تغییرات فصلی

پوست دوم = Second Skin
second skin = پوست دوم

ترشح کردن = Secrete
lanoline, wool wax, wool grease, a wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of wool-bearing animals = لانولین، موم پشم، چربی پشم، روغن پشم گوسفند، ماده مومی یا چرب که توسط غدد سبابه حیوانات پشم دار مثل گوسفند ترشح می شود

sebocyte, any of the cells that make up the sebaceous glands, and secrete sebum = سبوسیت، سبوسایت، سلول های تشکیل دهنده غدد سبابه که سبوم ترشح می کنند

secrete = ترشح کردن

ROYAL JELLY — Substance secreted in the digestive tube of worker bees. A powerful nutrient high in amino acids, minerals and vitamins A, B, C and E.Very soothing and moisturizing to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
PALMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE 3: Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 has been clinically proven to suppress the body's production of interleukins (IL6), the chemical messengers that trigger inflammation, the first step in the aging cascade. Inflammation is a function of immunity and is a protective response to injury or destruction of tissue. This is the body's way of walling off the injurious agent and the injured tissue. Under normal circumstances, very little IL6 is secreted and its secretion is strictly controlled. However, as we age this regulation system develops defects, and significant levels of IL6 appear in the plasma even when there is no inflammatory stimulus. This results in high levels of inflammatory proteins in the tissues and a loss of healing potential. At concentrations from 10 ppm, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 induces a marked reduction in the secretion of the cytokine IL6. This reduction is progressive and depends on the concentration of the peptide: baseline secretion may be inhibited by up to 40%. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 reduced levels of IL6 after cells were exposed to UV radiation by up to 86% even though IL6 had been increased by about 20 fold by the UV. These results show that Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is able to affect baseline levels of IL6 as well as modulate the effects of UV-stimulated over-production of IL6. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is marketed by Sederma as a molecule that can restore cytokine equilibrium, which characterizes youthful skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
Ambergris: A highly prized base note rarely used in non-synthetic form because of its rarity and cost. Why is it so expensive? Because of its origins: The sperm whale eats cuttlefish, whose bones are indigestible and painful to its stomach lining. As a result, it secretes a substance that surrounds the bones. This mass gets excreted, most likely from the whale’s back end. It then floats around in the water, ages, gets oxidized by the sun, and turns into the substance that washes ashore until it’s found by some lucky bastard who can sell it for more per ounce than gold. Ambergris smells earthy, sweet, tobacco-like, and provides a roundness and depth to perfumes. Christian Dior Dioressence perfume was said to have been inspired by perfumer Guy Robert’s encounter with both real ambergris and a knock-off Miss Dior soap. (intothegloss.com)
AMBERGRIS: Lumps of oxidized fatty compounds, whose precursors were secreted and expelled by the Sperm Whale. Ambergris is commonly referred to as “amber” in perfumery. (fragrance.org)
PHEROMONE: Chemical substance secreted by animals to produce a response by other members of the same species. (fragrance.org)
AMBERGRIS, Lumps of oxidized fatty compounds, whose precursors were secreted and expelled by the Sperm Whale. Ambergris is commonly referred to as “amber” in perfumery. = آمبرگریس، توده‌هایی از تركیبات چرب اكسید شده كه پیش­سازهای آن توسط نهنگ عنبر ترشح شده و از بدن او خارج شده است. آمبرگریس را در عطرسازی به اختصار عنبر می‌گویند.

خودارزیابی = Self-Assessment
self-assessment = خودارزیابی

حساس  = Sensitive
on the condition that the emulsion is not shear sensitive = به شرطی که امولسیون نسبت به تنش حساس نباشد.

sensitive and reactive skin care = مراقبت از پوست حساس و واکنش پذیر

hypersensitive skin of babies = پوست فوق حساس کودکان

hormone sensitive lipase, HSL = لیپاز حساس به هورمون

non shear sensitive = عدم حساسیت به تنش

Sensitive scalp = پوست سر حساس

sensitive skin = پوست حساس

AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM — Horse Chestnut. Anti- inflammatory, anti-irritant and mild astringent that helps stimulate circulation to the skin. Often found in massage lotions, and in products for sensitive skin for its sedative properties. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary) 
شاه بلوط هندي: ضدالتهاب، ضدتحريك و قابض ملايم كه به افزايش گردش خون مويرگي در پوست كمك مي كند. اغلب در لوسيون هاي ماساژ و در محصولات پوست حساس استفاده مي شود ؛ چرا كه خاصيت آرامبخش و سداتيو دارد. حاوي ساپونين ها مي باشد.
COMMIPHORA MYRRHA — Myrrh. A superb moisturizer and freshener with skin-regenerating proper ties. Ideal for sensitive skin. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
LAURYL GLUCOSIDE — A surfactant and foaming agent naturally derived from coconut/beet sugar. It has excellent lathering capabilities and conditioning properties, and is very gentle on the hair and skin. It can be used alongside other glucosides to enhance the foam and increase the conditioning action of a product. Because it is a non-irritant, it is often used in preparations for sensitive skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA FLOWER WATER — Lavender Water. A byproduct of the distillation of lavender flowers, this hy- drosol or floral water is a natural hydrating and soothing agent. An anti-irritant and antiseptic, it is an excellent ingredient in facial cleans- ers, toners and lotions for sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
MELISSA OFFICINALIS — Balm Mint. Very mild extract, ideal for sensitive skin and skin prone to rashes and other allergic reactions. An anti-irritant and sedative, it soothes and calms the skin and scalp and promotes healing. (INCI dictionary)
ROSA DAMASCENA FLOWER DISTILLATE — Rosewater. A byproduct of the distillation of fresh rose petals, this hydrosol or floral water is a natural hydrator and anti-irritant. Used in cosmetics since the 10th century, it is an excellent soothing agent for dry, sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
SALVIA OFFICINALIS — Sage Oil. A purifier and tonic, its an- tibacterial action makes it ideal for sensitive skin or scalp and an- tidandruff preparations. It is often combined with rosemar y in hair and skin care products and, like rosemar y, it has antioxidant prop- er ties and is very beneficial to the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
SPIRAEA ULMARIA — Meadowsweet. Also known as Lady of the Meadow and Meadow Queen, it was considered a sacred plant by the Druids. Used in cosmetics for sensitive skin for its mild, tonic effect. (INCI dictionary)
VIOLA ODORATA — Violet. Analgesic and soothing agent very beneficial to sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
VISCUM ALBUM — Mistletoe. An anti-irritant, known for its soothing proper ties on sensitive skin. It is often combined with fennel, hops, chamomile, balm mint and yarrow in skin formulations. (INCI dictionary)
sensitive = حساس 

AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM — Horse Chestnut. Anti- inflammatory, anti-irritant and mild astringent that helps stimulate circulation to the skin. Often found in massage lotions, and in products for sensitive skin for its sedative properties. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary) 
شاه بلوط هندي: ضدالتهاب، ضدتحريك و قابض ملايم كه به افزايش گردش خون مويرگي در پوست كمك مي كند. اغلب در لوسيون هاي ماساژ و در محصولات پوست حساس استفاده مي شود ؛ چرا كه خاصيت آرامبخش و سداتيو دارد. حاوي ساپونين ها مي باشد.
ASTER TRIPOLIUM — Sea Aster. Soothing agent clinically proven to reduce redness and sensitivity on the skin when used twice daily for 28 days. An excellent addition to calming formulas for sensitive complexions. (INCI dictionary)
COMMIPHORA MYRRHA — Myrrh. A superb moisturizer and freshener with skin-regenerating proper ties. Ideal for sensitive skin. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
EUGENIA CARYOPHYLLUS FLOWER OIL — Clove Oil. Soothing agent and antiseptic. Herbalists often recommend this fragrant herb for sensitive teeth and gums. (INCI dictionary)
LAURYL GLUCOSIDE — A surfactant and foaming agent naturally derived from coconut/beet sugar. It has excellent lathering capabilities and conditioning properties, and is very gentle on the hair and skin. It can be used alongside other glucosides to enhance the foam and increase the conditioning action of a product. Because it is a non-irritant, it is often used in preparations for sensitive skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA FLOWER WATER — Lavender Water. A byproduct of the distillation of lavender flowers, this hy- drosol or floral water is a natural hydrating and soothing agent. An anti-irritant and antiseptic, it is an excellent ingredient in facial cleans- ers, toners and lotions for sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
MELISSA OFFICINALIS — Balm Mint. Very mild extract, ideal for sensitive skin and skin prone to rashes and other allergic reactions. An anti-irritant and sedative, it soothes and calms the skin and scalp and promotes healing. (INCI dictionary)
ROSA DAMASCENA FLOWER DISTILLATE — Rosewater. A byproduct of the distillation of fresh rose petals, this hydrosol or floral water is a natural hydrator and anti-irritant. Used in cosmetics since the 10th century, it is an excellent soothing agent for dry, sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
SALVIA OFFICINALIS — Sage Oil. A purifier and tonic, its an- tibacterial action makes it ideal for sensitive skin or scalp and an- tidandruff preparations. It is often combined with rosemar y in hair and skin care products and, like rosemar y, it has antioxidant prop- er ties and is very beneficial to the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
SPIRAEA ULMARIA — Meadowsweet. Also known as Lady of the Meadow and Meadow Queen, it was considered a sacred plant by the Druids. Used in cosmetics for sensitive skin for its mild, tonic effect. (INCI dictionary)
VIOLA ODORATA — Violet. Analgesic and soothing agent very beneficial to sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
VISCUM ALBUM — Mistletoe. An anti-irritant, known for its soothing proper ties on sensitive skin. It is often combined with fennel, hops, chamomile, balm mint and yarrow in skin formulations. (INCI dictionary)
When BTX is injected into a target tissue like a muscle or into the skin for anhidrotic effects, the heavy chain of the molecule binds to glycoproteins expressed specifically on cholinergic nerve endings. After internalization of the whole molecule by pinocytosis, the chains are cleaved within the cytoplasm. The light chain binds with high specificity to the soluble N- ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion (SNARE) attachment protein receptors essential for exocytosis. SNARE is involved in transportation of acetylcholine from the cytosol into the synaptic cleft. It consists of a vesicle-associated protein (VAMP or v-SNARE, also known as synaptobrevin) and two target (t-SNARE) proteins: plasma membrane synaptosome associated protein (SNAP-25) and syntaxin. Recent studies have shown that the light chain exerts a multi-site substrate binding imparting the protease with exquisite specificity. (J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2008 Jan; 1(1): 3–6.)
Radioimmunoassay (RIA), a very sensitive in vitro assay technique used to measure concentrations of antigens (for example, hormone levels in blood) by use of antibodies. = آزمون رادیوایمیونو اَسِی، یك آزمون اینویتروی بسیار حساس برای اندازه گیری آنتی ژنها (مثلا سطح هورمونهای خون

حساس کردن = Sensitization
sensitization = حساس شدن، حساس کردن

عصب حسی = Sensory Neurons
sensory neurons = عصب حسی

سریسین = Sericin
Sericin, a protein created by Bombyx mori (silkworms) in the production of silk. = سریسین، پروتئین ابریشم

سرین پروتئاز = Serine Protease
serine protease = سرین پروتئاز

جوش های شدید = Severe Breakouts
severe breakouts = جوش های شدید

شوره سنگین = Severe Dandruff

پپتیدهای سیگنالی = Signal Peptide
signal peptide = پپتیدهای سیگنالی

پوشیده با سیلیکون = Silicone Coated
silicone coated = پوشیده با سیلیکون

احساس آرامش پوست = Skin Comfort
skin comfort = احساس آرامش پوست

WHITE TEA EXTRACT: Neutralizes free radicals caused by exposure to smog, cigarette smoke and other forms of air pollution. Helps keep skin comfortable and hydrated regardless of air quality. (cellularskinrx.com)

کاندیشنر پوست = Skin Conditioner
skin conditioner = کاندیشنر پوستی برای زدودن چربی ها و لایه برداری پوست استفاده می شود. این کاندیشنرها معمولاً به صورت اسپری هستند. و معمولاً نیاز به آبکشی دارند. رطوبت رسانی نیز یکی از وظایف کاندیشنرهای پوستی است.

COCONUT FATTY ACID CREAM BASE — Absorption base containing essential fatty acids, coconut fatty alcohols from palm ker- nels, aloe vera and vitamins A, C and E. Rich in linoleic and linolenic acids (vitamin F), excellent nutrients and skin conditioners. In hair care products, it is often combined with the impor tant amino acids cysteine and methionine, which are high in sulfur and excellent for the hair and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
DYCAPRYLYL CARBONATE — Plant-derived fat used as an emollient and skin conditioner. Added to sunscreens, moisturizers and anti-aging formulations, it increases the spreadability of the prod- uct. It is considered a “dry emollient” for its ability to soften skin and replenish its moisture content without leaving a greasy feel. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERYL STEARATE — Humectant and skin conditioner de- rived from vegetable fatty acids. (INCI dictionary)
BETAINE SALICYLATE: Betaine Salicylate is a natural skin conditioner derived from sugar beets. It is complexed with keratolytic BHA. It provides time-released exfoliating action long after it is removed. (cellularskinrx.com)

پژواک نگاری پوست = Skin Echography
skin echography = پژواک نگاری پوست

لمس پوستی = Skin Feel
non greasy skin feel = احساس پوستی غیر چرب، به جا نگذاشتن احساس چربی روی پوست

silicone-like skin feel = احساس لمس پوستی شبیه سیلیکون، نرم و لغزنده مثل سیلیکون

exceptional skin feel = لمس پوستی عالی

skin feel = لمس پوستی

فلورای پوست = Skin Flora
skin flora = فلورای پوست، نرمال فلورا، میکرو ارگانیسم های مفید پوست، فلورای ریزه خوار پوست، میکروب های مقیم پوست

شکنندگی پوست = Skin Fragility
skin fragility = شکنندگی پوست

فلورهای میکروبی پوست = Skin Microbiota
skin microbiota = فلورهای میکروبی پوست

شل شدن پوست = Skin Slackening
skin slackening = شل شدن پوست

تونیک های پوست  = Skin Tonics
Skin tonics = تونیک ها و محصولات تقویت پوست 

اثر لاغری = Slimming Action
slimming action = اثر بر لاغری

لغزندگی در هنگام لمس = Slippery Touch
slippery touch = احساس لغزندگی در هنگام لمس

منافذ ریز = Small Pores
small pores = منافذ ریز

Escin β-sitosterol (beta-sitosterol) Phytosome® acts principally in capillaries. Its mechanism of action is mainly related to the modification of the vascular permeability. Escin β-sitosterol Phytosome® reduces the number and the diameter of the small pores of the capillary walls through which water exchange normally occurs. (aescin_phytosome)

احساس صافی در هنگام لمس = Smooth Touch
smooth touch = احساس صافی در هنگام لمس

نرمی و صافی = Smoothness
Smoothness = نرمی، صاف بودن، هموار بودن

HYALURONIC ACID: Hyaluronic Acid is a naturally occurring substance found throughout the body. It plays an important role in tissue hydration, lubrication and cellular function. Used as moisturizer, hyaluronic acid results in increased smoothness, softening and decreased wrinkles. It is an excellent hydrator used frequently during post-peel procedures to lubricate and soothe new skin cells. It offers an excellent environment for the growth of new cells and healing. It is extensively used by the cosmetic industry and by dermatologists in anti-aging and moisturizing products as HA is very hydroscopic (absorbs and retains water). Hyaluronic acid can absorb over 1000 times its weight in water. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL PENTAPEPTIDE 3: Clinically proven to regenerate the skin's upper layers by stimulating collagen production, thus thickening the epidermis. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of the C-terminal portion of collagen I (the most common type of the nineteen forms of collagen) combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. One could look at Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 as a man-made precursor to collagen I. When this protein is added to cultured human fibroblasts it enhances the synthesis of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin. In vitro, Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen IV synthesis by 100-327% and to stimulate hyaluronic acidsynthesis by 267%. In vivo Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen synthesis by 30-117%. Image analysis determined the effect Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had on wrinkled skin. The six-month results are listed below, though significant results were seen in two months. Results: Mean wrinkle depth -- Reduced 17% Surface area: deep wrinkles -- Reduced 68% Surface area: moderate wrinkles -- Reduced 51% Mean density of wrinkled area -- Reduced 47% Skin roughness -- Reduced 16% Main wrinkle volume -- Reduced 24%. These results show that Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had a dramatic effect on reducing the quantity and depth of wrinkles. It also improved surface smoothness. (cellularskinrx.com)

نوعی قلم چشم = Smudge Liner
Smudge Liner = نوعی قلم چشم

عاری از صابون = Soap-Free
soap-free = عاری از صابون

سودا پیروسولفیت = Soda Pyrosulfite
soda pyrosulfite = Sodium metabisulfite = سدیم متا بی سولفیت = Na2S2O5 = سودا پیروسولفیت

احساس نرمی پوست = Soft Feel
soft feel = احساس نرمی پوست

تسکین دادن = Soothe
soothe = تسکین دادن

TONICS — Herbal extracts that soothe, clarify, stimulate or otherwise improve the condition of the skin, hair and scalp. These are typically extracted in vegetable glycerin, water or natural grain alcohol, or added as essential oils. Examples: horsetail, nettle, ginseng, chamomile. (INCI dictionary) 
تونيك ها: عصاره هاي گياهي كه تسكين دهنده، شفاف كننده، تحريك كننده و بهبوددهنده وضعيت پوست، مو و پوست سر مي باشد. تونيك ها معمولاً در گليسيرين گياهي، آب يا الكل هاي حاصل از دانه هاي طبيعي استخراج مي شوند يا به عنوان اسانس هاي روغني اضافه مي شود. مثال ها: دم اسبي، گزنه، جينسنگ، بابونه.
ALOE BARBADENSIS LEAF — Aloe Vera Fillet. The whole gel-like fillet removed from the aloe leaf. An excellent skin soother and hydrator. (INCI dictionary) 
فيله آلوورا: فيله ژله مانند آلوورا كه از برگهاي آلوئه ورا استخراج شده و آرامبخش و مرطوب كننده پوست مي باشد.
ALTHAEA OFFICINALIS — Marshmallow Root. An excellent hydrator and skin soother. Helps soften, protect and regenerate the skin. (INCI dictionary) 
ريشه ختمي يا آلته آ: يك مرطوب كننده و التيام دهنده پوست بسيار عالي است. پوست را نرم نموده، محافظت مي كند و بازسازي مي كند.
ANGELICA ARCHANGELICA — Angelica. Both the essential oil and the dried leaves of this herb are very aromatic. Angelica oil and angelica wax are excellent skin soothers. (INCI dictionary)
ARCTIUM LAPPA ROOT EXTRACT — Burdock. Antiseptic and antibacterial used topically to calm certain skin conditions. Its oil extract smoothes and revitalizes the hair and tones and soothes the scalp. An excellent ingredient in conditioners, anti-frizz hair care products and styling aids for coarse, curly, hard-to-handle hair. (INCI dictionary)
BUCHU LEAF — Antiseptic and anti-inflammator y helps dissolve excess oil and soothes and purifies the complexion. An excellent ingredient in preparations for acne-prone skin and blemishes. (INCI dictionary)
CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS FRUIT EXTRACT — Cayenne Pepper Extract. Its active ingredient, capsaicin (the chemical responsible for making peppers hot) is a powerful analgesic that works by blocking the activity of substance P, responsible for the transmission of pain impulses in the body. An excellent anti-inflammatory and warming agent, used in massage lotions and liniments to soothe tight, overworked muscles and tension. (INCI dictionary)
EGG OIL — The extract from whole eggs, rich in natural emulsifiers. An excellent emollient and humectant featured in shampoos, rinses and conditioners for dry or damaged hair. In skin care products, it improves texture and soothes and hydrates without clogging pores. (INCI dictionary)
FRUCTOSE — A sugar found in fruits and honey that soothes, hydrates and encourages moisture retention in the skin. (INCI dictionary)
GLUCOSE — A fruit sugar from corn and grapes that soothes and hydrates the skin, encouraging moisture retention. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERYL LINOLEATE, GLYCERYL LINOLENATE — Vita- min F. Skin protectors and revitalizers consisting of linoleic and linolenic acids, two essential fatty acids. Used in moisturizers, they soothe rough, dry or chapped skin on contact and help soften and revitalize dry or damaged hair. (INCI dictionary)
MELISSA OFFICINALIS — Balm Mint. Very mild extract, ideal for sensitive skin and skin prone to rashes and other allergic reactions. An anti-irritant and sedative, it soothes and calms the skin and scalp and promotes healing. (INCI dictionary)
ORIGANUM VULGARE — Oregano Oil. Powerful antifungal and healing agent. Chinese herbalists have used it for generations to soothe rashes and other skin irritations and relieve itching. (INCI dictionary)
PIPER METHYSTICUM — Kava Kava. Mild sedative and analge- sic used in the South Pacific as an aid in meditation. Taken internal- ly, it helps relieve anxiety and stress. Applied to the skin, kava kava soothes and relaxes overworked muscles and tension. An excellent ingredient for massage lotions and bath oils. (INCI dictionary)
RICINUS COMMUNIS — Castor Seed Oil. Humectant and skin soother, often added to lipsticks, glosses and other cosmetic prod- ucts to improve their texture. (INCI dictionary)
ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS — Rosemary Oil. Essential oil ben- eficial to both hair and skin for its antioxidant, toning and purifying proper ties. In hair care products, it is said to stimulate hair follicles to grow and encourage circulation to the scalp. Used in hair rinses, par ticularly in combination with sage, it soothes and conditions the scalp and helps remove buildup and prevent flaking. (INCI dictionary)
SORBITAN SESQUIOLATE — An emollient and skin soother derived from sorbitol. Sometimes used as an emulsifier. (See also Sorbitol.) (INCI dictionary)
BIOSACCHARIDE GUM-1: Sugar hydrator soothes and softens skin. Hydrates and comforts for long-lasting relief from irritants. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: A powerful antioxidant that protects skin from free radical damage that causes premature aging. The polyphenols in green tea act as free radical scavengers soaking up these unstable molecules before they can damage the collagen layer. Green tea extract has also been shown to soothe, heal and calm irritated skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
HYALURONIC ACID: Hyaluronic Acid is a naturally occurring substance found throughout the body. It plays an important role in tissue hydration, lubrication and cellular function. Used as moisturizer, hyaluronic acid results in increased smoothness, softening and decreased wrinkles. It is an excellent hydrator used frequently during post-peel procedures to lubricate and soothe new skin cells. It offers an excellent environment for the growth of new cells and healing. It is extensively used by the cosmetic industry and by dermatologists in anti-aging and moisturizing products as HA is very hydroscopic (absorbs and retains water). Hyaluronic acid can absorb over 1000 times its weight in water. (cellularskinrx.com)
SEA WHIP: Sea Whip calms and soothes skin prone to irritation. Sea Whip provides the strongest soothing action of all sea plant-derived extracts. Helps to reduce visible redness and other signs of sensitivity. It inhibits 90% of inflammatory enzyme PLA2 which is known to trigger the skin's inflammation response that leads to redness, discomfort, and PIH (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation). Used in Calming BioLipid Repair Creme and Fluid. (cellularskinrx.com)
Arachidonic Acid: A liquid unsaturated fatty acid that is found in liver, brain, glands, and fat of animals and humans. Generally isolated from animal liver. Used in companion animal food for nutrition and in skin creams and lotions to soothe eczema and rashes. Alternatives: synthetics, aloe vera, tea tree oil, calendula ointment. (peta.org)

مراقبت های تسکینی = Soothing Care
soothing care = مراقبت های تسکینی

گرید خاص = Special Grade
special grade = گرید خاص

فاکتور ضد آفتاب = Spf
SPF means the sun protection factor = اس پی اف به معنای فاکتور حفاظت در برابر آفتاب است.
sun protection factor, SPF = عیار حفاظت در برابر آفتاب، فاکتور حفاظتی

مویرگهای عنکبوتی = Spider Veins
spider veins = مویرگهای عنکبوتی

انتهای دوشاخه = Split Ends
Split ends = موخوره، انتهای دوشاخه شده موها

HYDROLYZED VEGETABLE PROTEIN — Termed the building block of life, protein is our most import tant food, a leading source of vitamins and essential amino acids. Generally found in meats, eggs and dairy y products, protein can also be obtained from soy, wheat and other plant sources. Applied topically, vegetable protein is an excellent hydrator, readily absorbed by the skin for improved tex- ture. In hair care formulas, it combines with fatty acids and amino acids to coat porous or damaged hair and split ends. (See also Hy- drolyzed oat protein, Hydrolyzed soy protein, Hydrolyzed wheat protein.) (INCI dictionary)
SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEED OIL — Jojoba Oil, Jojoba Wax. Waxy oil extracted from the bean, which helps the jojoba des- ert plant retain water during the long summer drought. When used in cosmetic preparations, it not only acts as a humectant, but actually creates a protective film over the skin and hair shaft that helps seal in moisture. The oil is highly stable and very effective on dry skin, dam- aged hair and split ends. (INCI dictionary)
Cuticle: The cuticle is the outermost structure of the hair, resembling fish scales packed down up to 12 rows deep. The cuticle is the hair's first defence against all forms of damage that include chemicals, ultra-violet light, styling appliances, styling products etc. A damaged cuticle leaves the hair looking dull and feeling rough, but more importantly, increases the likelihood of extreme damage occurring inside (leading to things such as natural and artificial color fade, split ends and breakage). (thehairstyler.com)

اسفنج های آرایشی = Sponges
Disposable sponges = اسفنج های آرایشی یکبار مصرف

sponges = اسفنج های آرایشی

Sponge (Luna and Sea): A plantlike animal. Lives in the sea. Becoming scarce. Alternatives: synthetic sponges, loofahs (plants used as sponges). (peta.org)

کم آبی موضعی پوست  = Spot Dehydration
Spot dehydration = کم آبی موضعی پوست 

اسپری کننده، افشاننده = Sprayer
sprayer = اسپری کننده، افشاننده

قابلیت پخش = Spreadability
spreadability = قابلیت پخش

CAPRYLIC / CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE — Lightweight emollient derived from glycerin and coconut oil that helps suppor t the skin’s moisture barrier. A superb conditioning agent, it adds to the spreadability of creams and lotions and helps promote the delivery of vitamins and other beneficial ingredients onto the skin. (INCI dictionary)
COPERNICIA CERIFERA — Carnauba Wax. Plant wax used as a thickening agent in cosmetics, and to increase the spreadability of powdered makeup for better coverage. (INCI dictionary) 
واكس كارنوبا: واكس ياموم گياهي كه به عنوان قوام دهنده در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي (كازمتيك) استفاده مي شود تا قابليت پخش لوازم آرايشي پودري را افزايش داده و پوشش آنها را بهتر كند.
DYCAPRYLYL CARBONATE — Plant-derived fat used as an emollient and skin conditioner. Added to sunscreens, moisturizers and anti-aging formulations, it increases the spreadability of the prod- uct. It is considered a “dry emollient” for its ability to soften skin and replenish its moisture content without leaving a greasy feel. (INCI dictionary)
ORYZA SATIVA STARCH — Rice Starch. Used in baby powders in place of talc, and in powdered makeup to improve spreadability and add a soft, smooth feel to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
POLYHYDROXYSTEARIC ACID — Vegetable-derived polymeric ester used to enhance the performance of SPF products. An emul- sifier and suspending agent, it improves the spreadability and feel of creams and lotions. (INCI dictionary)
TAPIOCA STARCH — Used in powdered makeup to improve spreadability and impar t a silky feel to the product. (INCI dictionary)

پایدارسازی = Stabilization
helps the stabilization of emulsions = به پایدارسازی امولسیون ها کمک می کند.

long term stabilization = پایداری طولانی مدت

stabilization = پایدارسازی

پایدارشده = Stabilized
stabilized = پایدارشده

سیستم ستاره ای = Star System
star system = سیستم ستاره ای

آزمون سوزش = Stinging Test
stinging test = آزمون سوزش

هم زدن، تکان دادن = Stir Up
stir up = هم زدن، تکان دادن

محلول استوک = Stock Solution
Stock solution = محلول استوک

انبار کردن = Stocking
stocking = ذخیره کردن، انبار کردن

راست زنجیر = Straight-Chain
straight-chain = راست زنجیر

سویه = Strain
The exact concentration of Malassezia strain = تعیین دقیق غلظت سوش مالاسزیا

MALASSEZIA STRAIN = سویه های مختلف مالاسزیا

different Malassezia strains = سوش های مختلف مالاسزیا

strain = سویه، سوش

Beeswax Honeycomb: Wax obtained from melting honeycomb with boiling water, straining it, and cooling it. From virgin bees. Very cheap and widely used. May be harmful to the skin. In lipsticks and many other cosmetics, especially face creams, lotions, mascara, eye creams and shadows, face makeup, nail whiteners, lip balms, etc. Derivatives: Cera Flava. Alternatives: paraffin, vegetable oils and fats, ceresin (aka ceresine, earth wax; made from the mineral ozokerite; replaces beeswax in cosmetics; also used to wax paper, to make polishing cloths, in dentistry for taking wax impressions, and in candle-making), carnauba wax (from the Brazilian palm tree; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; rarely causes allergic reactions), candelilla wax (from candelilla plants; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; also in the manufacture of rubber and phonograph records, in waterproofing and writing inks; no known toxicity), Japan wax (vegetable wax, Japan tallow; fat from the fruit of a tree grown in Japan and China). (peta.org)

تقویت کردن = Strengthen
strengthen = تقویت کردن

CHENOPODIUM QUINOA — Quinoa Protein. One of the most complete plant proteins, high in vitamins, minerals and the sulfur- containing amino acids cystine and cysteine, excellent nutrients for the hair, scalp and skin. A fixative in hair styling products, it smoothes layers in the hair’s cuticle to strengthen hair fiber, reduce frizzing and enhance shine. Used in anti-aging creams and facial masks, it firms and nourishes the skin for a more youthful appearance. CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA — Chlorella. Made up of over 60% protein, this green micro-algae contains all the essential amino acids, and is high in chlorophyll and vitamin B. An excellent nutrient, often used as a skin hydrator. (INCI dictionary)
EQUISETUM HYEMALE, EQUISETUM ARVENSE — Horsetail, Bottlebrush. Nutrient-rich herbal high in silica, essential to collagen production. A vegan alternative to collagen treatments, it firms and refreshes the skin and promotes healing. Often used in conjunction with coltsfoot in hair care products, it strengthens the hair shaft and adds sheen and elasticity. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCOPROTEIN — A protein linked to a polysaccharide (glycogen). Glycoproteins (ours are derived from yeast) contain sugars and amino acids, which help strengthen and smooth hair fiber. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from soy via the enzymatic hydrolysis process. Applied topically, it is an excellent hydrator that improves the texture and resiliency of the skin. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. In hair care preparations it is an excellent conditioner and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED WHEAT PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from wheat. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture and is clinically proven to minimize fine lines and wrinkles. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. (See also Hydrolyzed vegetable protein.) (INCI dictionary)
NASTURTIUM OFFICINALE — Watercress. Good source of vitamins A, B-complex and C. Soothing and conditioning, very ben- eficial to the skin. Also shown to strengthen and thicken hair. (INCI dictionary)
PANTHENOL — Vitamin B-5. Natural hair thickener that helps give hair body and hold. An excellent hydrator, it nourishes and strengthens the scalp and promotes hair health. Also used as a natural skin hydrator, it is sometimes known as Pantothenic Acid. (INCI dictionary)
TUSSILAGO FARFARA — Coltsfoot. Superb skin nutrient, high in polysaccharides, vitamin C and zinc. A natural anti-inflammatory and soothing agent, it helps soften and regenerate the skin. Combined with horsetail in hair care preparations, it strengthens and smoothes hair fiber and promotes scalp health. (INCI dictionary)
NIACINAMIDE: Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. It stops the skin cells that produce pigment from transferring that pigment to surface skin cells, thereby minimizing unwanted dark spots. It is also an effective moisturizer helping the skin produce more ceramides and fatty acids, which are crucial components of your skin barrier. As that barrier is strengthened, skin is better able to keep moisture in and irritants out. Redness and inflammation are visibly reduced. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer and F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)

تحت تنش = Stressed
stressed = تحت تنش، تحت استرس

ADANSONIA DIGITATA — Baobab Oil. Rich emollient helps maintain skin elasticity and restore moisture to dehydrated, sun-stressed skin and dry hair. Its high vitamin D content makes it ideal for after sun use. Also rich in antioxidants—particularly vitamin C—and essential fatty acids, very nourishing to the skin. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن بائوباب امولينت قدرتمند كه باعث حفظ كشساني پوست گرديده و رطوبت پوست دِهيدراته را تامين مي كند. رطوبت پوستي كه در اثر مواجهه با تنش هاي آفتاب دِهيدراته شده و موي خشك شده را جبران مي كند. داراي ويتامين دي به مقدار زياد مي باشد كه از اين تركيب محصولي ايده آل براي ساخت كرم هاي اَفترسان ساخته است. همچنين داراي آنتي اكسيدان هاي ديگري به ويژه ويتامين C و اسيدهاي چرب ضروري مي باشد كه بسيار تغذيه كننده پوست هستند.
HIPPOPHAE RHAMNOIDES — Sea Buckthorn Oil. Richest herbal source of antioxidant vitamins E and A (beta-carotene and other carotenoids), which help prevent the formation of free radicals. This nourishing oil is also high in essential fatty acids, particularly rare palmitoleic acid, a constituent of the skin’s sebum. An ex- cellent soothing agent for stressed or acne-prone skin and sunburn. (INCI dictionary)
STYRAX BENZOIN RESIN EXTRACT — Benzoin Oil. Antisep- tic, anti-inflammatory and astringent. Used in skin care products, it boosts elasticity and helps calm stressed skin. (INCI dictionary)
CAROB SEED EXTRACT: Phyto-repair molecules restore the balance of natural regenerative skin systems depleted by age. Accelerates the recovery of stressed skin tissue. Reduces redness, inflammation. Skin's resilience, color, and volume are increased. (cellularskinrx.com)
ERGOTHIONEINE: Ergothioneine is a chirally-correct anti-oxidant amino acid superior to CoQ10 and Idebenone. It helps wake up sluggish, stressed skin cells and protects against oxidative stress caused by sugar, browned foods, alcohol, UV light, pollution and stress. A key energizing antioxidant for skin cells. (cellularskinrx.com)

خط نازک = Striae
striae = خط نازک

عریانسازی = Stripping
stripping = عریانسازی

SUNFLOWER OIL: Derived from pressed sunflower seeds, this oil is excellent for cleansing the skin without stripping away essential lipids. Used in CSRx Facial Cleansing Oil. (cellularskinrx.com)

ماهی خاویار = Sturgeon
Sturgeon = ماهی خاویار

زیر واحد = Subunit
subunit = زیرواحد

آکنه خورشیدی = Sun Acne
sun acne = آکنه خورشیدی

فیلترهای آفتاب، فیلترهای فرابنفش، ضد آفتاب  = Sun Filter
sun filter, sunscreen filters, UV filters = فیلترهای آفتاب، فیلترهای فرابنفش، ضد آفتاب 

لایه روئی = Supernatant
supernatant = لایه روئی

روی هم قرار دادن = Superposition
superposition = روی هم قرار دادن

آنتی ژن های سطحی = Surface Antigens
surface antigens = آنتی ژن های سطحی

شبه جراحی = Surgery-Like
surgery-like = شبه جراحی

مبتنی بر اصول توسعه پایدار = Sustainable
sustainable cold process = فرآوری با روش سرد بدون نیاز به حرارت دادن که مطابق با اصول توسعه پایدار باشد.

sustainable preservation of the environment = حفاظت از محیط زیست مبتنی بر اصول توسعه پایدار

sustainable = مبتنی بر اصول توسعه پایدار

SANTALUM ALBUM — Sandalwood Oil. One of the oldest fra- grance components, this aromatic essential oil has been in use for over 4000 years for its deep, woody, long-lasting scent. In recent years, the Indian sandalwood tree has become endangered.We use only farmed, sustainable Australian sandalwood in our products. (INCI dictionary)
sustainable homeostasis = هم ایستایی پایدار

علامت بیماری = Symptom
symptom = علامت بیماری

Estrogen Estradiol: Female hormones from pregnant mares’ urine. Considered a drug. Can have harmful systemic effects if used by children. Used for reproductive problems and in birth control pills and Premarin, a menopausal drug. In creams, perfumes, and lotions. Has a negligible effect in the creams as a skin restorative; simple vegetable-source emollients are considered better. Alternatives: oral contraceptives and menopausal drugs based on synthetic steroids or phytoestrogens (from plants, especially palm-kernel oil). Menopausal symptoms can also be treated with diet and herbs. (peta.org)

سیندکان = Syndecan
syndecan = سیندکان

اثر سینرژی = Synergic Effect
synergic effect = اثر هم افزایی، اثر سینرژی

هم افزاینده = Synergistic
synergistic = هم افزاینده، دارای اثر هم افزاییT مربوط به سینرژی

SILICA — A mineral used as a thickener and stabilizer. In sun care products, it works synergistically to increase the efficiency of sun care ingredients. (INCI dictionary)
FERULIC ACID: Ferulic acid is an excellent antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals,thus preventing premature aging of the skin caused by free radical damage to elastin and collagen. Ferulic acid acts synergistically with other antioxidants, specifically vitamin C and E, to double their ability to protect the skin from UV radiation. (Interestingly, Ferulic Acid's antioxidant activity is actually boosted by exposure to UV light.) The addition of Ferulic Acid to solutions that contain l-ascorbic acid helps to stabilize 90% of the vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid) and 100% stability is conferred upon Vitamin E (tocopherol). Used in F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
Asebiol by BASF: synergistic sebo-regulating complex especially developed to rebalance the amount of sebum on the scalp by inhibiting 5α-reductase, the enzyme responsible for its production. It is clinically proven to visibly reduce the appearance of the oiliness and imperfections of the skin. It is a water-soluble liquid. INCI: Aqua (and) Pyridoxine HCL (and) Niacinamide (and) Glycerin (and) Panthenol (and) Hydrolyzed Yeast Protein (and) Threonine (and) Allantoin (and) Biotin ()
synergistic combination = ترکیب هم افزا

چسبنده  = Tacky
tacky after feel of sea water = احساس چسبندگی پس از مصرف و مواجهه پوست با آب دریا
non tacky = غیر چسبنده
tacky = چسبنده 

تانین = Tannin
tanning = برنزه کردن

FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
LEATHER: Fragrance type and odor resembling the sweet, pungent smokiness characteristic of the ingredients used in the tanning process of leathers. (fragrance.org)
Self-tanning = برنزه كننده خودكار، اتو برنزه كننده

LEATHER, Fragrance type and odor resembling the sweet, pungent smokiness characteristic of the ingredients used in the tanning process of leathers. = چرمی: عطرهایی كه بوی مشابه تركیبات شیرین، نافذ، دودی مورد استفاده در پروسه دباغی چرم دارند.

انتهای مخروطی = Taper
taper = نوک تیز، دارای انتهای مخروطی

نیروهای کششی = Tensile Forces
tensile forces = نیروهای کششی

دوز تست شده = Tested Dose
tested dose = دوز تست شده

پیری حرارتی = Thermal Aging
thermal aging = پیر شدن پوست در اثر مواجهه با حرارت

منفذ کوچک = Tiny Orifice
tiny orifice = منفذ کوچک

ظاهر خسته چهره = Tired Look
tired look = ظاهر خسته چهره

نوسازی بافت = Tissue Renewal
tissue renewal = نوسازی بافت

تیتراسیون  = Titration
titration = تیتراسیون 

مطالعه قدرت تحمل = Tolerance Study
tolerance study = مطالعه قدرت تحمل

تون آن تون = Tone-On-Tone
Tone-on-tone = تون آن تون، رنگ کرن مو وقتی تراز رنگ مو با تراز رنگ ساقه مو یکسان است.

قابلیت کشش = Tonicity
tonicity = قابلیت کشش، قوام پوست

توتال پروتئین = Total Proteins
total proteins = توتال پروتئین، مقدار کل پروتئین

برس رتوش  = Touch Up Brush
Touch up Brush = برس رتوش 

کاکل = Toupee
toupee = کاکل، مو مصنوعی، کلاه گیس آقایان

آزمون سمیت = Toxicity Tests
toxicity tests = آزمون سمیت

انقباض، کشش = Traction
carbon dioxide extraction = استخراج با دی اکسید کربن، کربن دی اکسید سوپرکریتیکال یا فوق بحرانی، حالت مایع دی اکسید کربن است که در آن، دما و فشار بیش از نقطه بحرانی می باشد. دی اکسید کربن فوق بحرانی یک حلال صنعتی است که در استخراج مواد شیمیایی نقش دارد و به علت سمیت کم و عدم داشتن اثرات سوء برای محیط زیست محبوبیت دارد.

solvent extraction, Liquid–liquid extraction also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water and an organic solvent. = استخراج با حلال یا استخراج مایع مایع که به آن پارتیشنینگ نیز می گویند، روشی برای جداسازی ترکیبات بر مبنای حلالیت نسبی آن ها به دو فاز مایع غیر قابل امتزاج (معمولا آب و فاز حلال ارگانیک) می باشد

increases skin contraction properties = بهبود ویژگی های کشسانی پوست

contraction of collagen fibrils = انقباض فیبریل های کلاژن

traction = انقباض، کشش

extraction = استخراج

ABSOLUTE: Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. (fragrance.org)
CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
ENFLEURAGE: In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTION: Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTS: Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. (fragrance.org)
Witch hazel is a small tree known for its softening, soothing properties. When formulating their family toiletry range, Yves Rocher Vegetal Biology Laboratories selected an organic witch hazel extract, obtained according to special rules of cultivation and extraction designed to deliver its properties intact. (yvesrocher.ca)
ABSOLUTE, Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. = ابسولوت به ماده عطری بسیار غلیظ می‌گویند كه با استخراج الكلی كانكریت­ها به دست می‌آید. كانكریت با روش استخراج با حلال از گیاهان به دست می‌آید.

CONCRETE, Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. = كانكریت: ماده مومی شكل جامد كه با روش استخراج با حلال از مواد گیاهی مثل گلها، ساقه و برگ درختان به دست می آید. ابسولوت از استخراج الكلی كانكریت ها به دست می آید.

ENFLEURAGE, In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. = انفلوراژ: در این فرایند مواد معطر به داخل یك ماده مومی شكل جذب می شود و سپس روغنهای معطر با اتیل الكل جدا می شود. استخراج با انفلوراژ برای گیاهان ظریف استفاده می شود كه در اثر تقطیر ممكن است ملكولهای مواد معطرشان تخریب شود.

EXTRACTION, Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. = استخراج: استخراج با حلال های فرّار موثرترین و رایج ترین روش به دست آوردن گیاهان است.

EXTRACTS, Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. = عصاره: محصولات حاصل از استخراج با حلالهای فرّار كه تغلیظ شده است.

علامت تجاری = Trademark
trademark = علامت تجاری

AGONIS FRAGRANS — Fragonia™. Essential oil distilled from a wild aromatic bush that grows in Australia, used in aromatherapy for its balancing and mood-lifting proper ties. Has anti-microbial proper ties. Its trademarked name, Fragonia™, guarantees the oil contains the appropriate chemical constituents. (INCI dictionary)
CALCIUM ASCORBATE — Ester-C® Topical. A patented form of natural vitamin C, both oil- and water-soluble, clinically shown to retain its potency longer than other forms.While ordinary vitamin C degrades quickly in skin care products, Ester-C® Topical is stable and delivers the full benefit of this powerful antioxidant, penetrating into deep layers of the skin to promote collagen production. (Ester-C® is a registered trademark of Inter-Cal Corporation.) (INCI dictionary)

ترانس ممبران = Transmembrane
transmembrane glycoproteins = گلایکوپروتئین های ترانس ممبران

transmembrane glycoprotein = گلایکوپروتئین های بین غشائی

transmembrane = بین غشائی، ترانس ممبران 

تری دکاپپتید = Tridecapeptide
tridecapeptide = تری دکاپپتید

اثر سه گانه = Triple Action
triple action = اثر سه گانه

دارای برآمدگی = Tubercular
tubercular = دارای برآمدگی

اشعه فرابنفش  = Ultraviolet Ray
Ultraviolet ray = اشعه فرابنفش 

غیر پیوندی = Unbound State
unbound state = وضعیت غیرپیوندی که در آن نانوذرات به صورت جدا از هم و منفرد قرار دارند.

پف کردگی های کیسه مانند زیر چشم = Under Eye Bags
under eye bags = پف کردگی های کیسه مانند زیر چشم

اکوسیستم منحصر به فرد = Unique Ecosystem
unique ecosystem = اکوسیستم منحصر به فرد

کوچک و نامشخص = Unnoticeable
unnoticeable = کوچک و نامشخص

وزها و فرهای غیر قابل کنترل مو = Unruly Curling
Unruly curling = وزها و فرهای غیر قابل کنترل مو

موی غیر قابل کنترل = Unruly Hair
Unruly hair = موی غیر قابل کنترل

چربی های اشباع نشده = Unsaturated Fat
Monounsaturated fats, MUFAs = چربی های اشباع نشده تکی، چربی های مفید و خوب

unsaturated fatty acid = اسیدهای چرب غیر اشباع

Arachidonic Acid: A liquid unsaturated fatty acid that is found in liver, brain, glands, and fat of animals and humans. Generally isolated from animal liver. Used in companion animal food for nutrition and in skin creams and lotions to soothe eczema and rashes. Alternatives: synthetics, aloe vera, tea tree oil, calendula ointment. (peta.org)
Unsaturated fat = چربی های اشباع نشده

Arachidonic Acid: A liquid unsaturated fatty acid that is found in liver, brain, glands, and fat of animals and humans. Generally isolated from animal liver. Used in companion animal food for nutrition and in skin creams and lotions to soothe eczema and rashes. Alternatives: synthetics, aloe vera, tea tree oil, calendula ointment. (peta.org)

آلودگی شهری = Urban Pollution
urban pollution = آلودگی شهری

تست مصرف کننده = User Test
user test = تست مصرف کننده

جاذب UV = Uv Absorber
UV absorber = جاذب UV

Mexoryl®, trade name of a number of UV absorbers. = مزوریل یا مكسوریل، نام تجاری تعدادی از جاذب های فرابنفش

نوار چسب های فرابنفش = Uv Patch
UV patch = نوار چسب های فرابنفش

محافظت در برابر پرتوهای فرابنفش = Uv Protection
UV protection = محافظت در برابر پرتوهای فرابنفش

عیار حفاظت در برابر پرتوهای فرابنفش نوع A = Uvapf
UVAPF = عیار حفاظت در برابر پرتوهای فرابنفش نوع A

اشعه فرابنفش نوع B = Uvb
PSBA (phenylbenzimidazole sulfonic acid), Ensulizole, a common sunscreen agent. Ensulizole is primarily a UVB protecting agent providing only minimal UVA protection. = فنیل بنزینیدازول سولفونیک اسید، نوعی ماده ضد آفتاب، انسولیزول
UVB = اشعه فرابنفش نوع B

اشعه فرابنفش نوع C = Uvc
UVC = اشعه فرابنفش نوع C

حمل  = Vectorize
vectorize = وکتوریزه، حمل 

روغن های گیاهی  = Vegetable Oils
Vegetable oils = روغن های گیاهی 

GLYCERIN — Vegetable Glycerin. Rich humectant, emollient and lubricant naturally extracted from vegetable oils, used in cosmetic formulations for thousands of years. (Synthetic glycerin, otherwise known as propylene glycol, is highly irritating to the skin and scalp and should be avoided.) (INCI dictionary)
Shark Liver Oil: Used in lubricating creams and lotions. Derivatives: Squalane, Squalene. Alternatives: vegetable oils. (peta.org)
Mink Oil: From minks. In cosmetics, creams, etc. Alternatives: vegetable oils and emollients such as avocado oil, almond oil, and jojoba oil. (peta.org)
Marine Oil: From fish or marine mammals (including porpoises). Used in soapmaking. Used as a shortening (especially in some margarines), as a lubricant, and in paint. Alternatives: vegetable oils. (peta.org)
Lanolin Lanolin Acids Wool Fat Wool Wax: A product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcohols. Alternatives: plant and vegetable oils. (peta.org)
Beeswax Honeycomb: Wax obtained from melting honeycomb with boiling water, straining it, and cooling it. From virgin bees. Very cheap and widely used. May be harmful to the skin. In lipsticks and many other cosmetics, especially face creams, lotions, mascara, eye creams and shadows, face makeup, nail whiteners, lip balms, etc. Derivatives: Cera Flava. Alternatives: paraffin, vegetable oils and fats, ceresin (aka ceresine, earth wax; made from the mineral ozokerite; replaces beeswax in cosmetics; also used to wax paper, to make polishing cloths, in dentistry for taking wax impressions, and in candle-making), carnauba wax (from the Brazilian palm tree; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; rarely causes allergic reactions), candelilla wax (from candelilla plants; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; also in the manufacture of rubber and phonograph records, in waterproofing and writing inks; no known toxicity), Japan wax (vegetable wax, Japan tallow; fat from the fruit of a tree grown in Japan and China). (peta.org)

گنجاندن = Vehiculate
vehiculated = گنجاندن در حامل های آرایشی بهداشتی 

نرم مخملی = Velvety Smooth
velvety smooth = نرم مخملی

زیست پذیری = Viability
LIPID ACCUMULATION IN SEBOCYTES & CELL VIABILITY = تجمع لیپید در سبوسیت ها و زیست پذیری سلول ها

viability = زیست پذیری

ویمینالول = Viminalol
viminalol = ویمینالول

سرزندگی = Vitality
Vitality = سرزندگی

RENOVAGE: Renovage™ supports cell vitality, improves hydration, firmness, elasticity and skin tone. It visibly reduces wrinkles, pores and skin discoloration. Extends cell life by more than one-third. Skin acts and looks younger even when under intense stress. Can show results as quickly as minutes after application and guaranteed after one month of regular, twice-daily applications. Used in CSRx Stress Recovery Complex. (cellularskinrx.com)

لبهای گوشتالو = Voliptuous Lips
voliptuous Lips = لبهای گوشتالو

مقاومت در برابر فرسایش = Wear Resistance
wear resistance = مقاومت در برابر فرسایش

ایجاد حالت افتادگی در اثر وزن = Weighing Down
weighing down = ایجاد حالت افتادگی در اثر وزن

آراسته = Well Groomed
Well groomed = آراسته

آزمون وسترن بلات = Western Blot
western blot = آزمون وسترن بلات

عامل خیس کننده = Wetting Agent
wetting agent = عامل خیس کننده

SORBITAN STEREATE — A surfactant derived from berries and other plant sources, composed of sorbitol, a natural sweetener, and stearic acid, a fatty acid. Used in cosmetic products as an emulsifier and wetting agent. (INCI dictionary)

خطوط سفید = White Marks
white marks = خط های سفید روی پوست

گل وحشی = Wild Flower
Wild flower = گل وحشی

اشعه ایکس = X Ray
X ray = اشعه ایکس، پرتوهای ایکس

سلول های مخمر = Yeast Cells
yeast cells = سلول های مخمر

بتاگلوکو پیرانوز = Β-Glucopyranose

هیپوپیگمانته = Hypo Pigmentation

استات سرب = Lead Acetate
lead acetate = استات سرب

پروکتر اند گمبل = Procter And Gamble
procter and gamble = شرکت بزرگ آمریکایی تولید کننده محصولات غذایی، دارویی و آرایشی بهداشتی

کدو حلوایی = Pumpkin
Pumpkin, Cucurbita pepo = کدو حلوایی، کدوی رشتی، کدو تنبل

کاج نوئل = Spruce
Spruce, Picea abies = نوئل (کاج نوئل)، نوئل نروژ، تنوب

مجاری اشک = Tear Ducts
tear ducts = مجاری اشک

نیل وحشی = Wild Indigo
Wild indigo, Baptisia tinctoria = نیل وحشی

قابل پذیرش بودن یک ادعا = Acceptability Of A Claim
acceptability of a claim = قابل پذیرش بودن یک ادعا

کرم ادرارسوختگی = Diaper Rash Cream
diaper rash cream = کرم تعویض پوشک

دستگاه بخور = Humidifier
humidifier = دستگاه بخور، دستگاهی که مقدار بخار آب هوا را در یک اتاق افزایش می دهد.

عیوب چهره = Imperfections
imperfections = عیوب پوست، عیوب پوستی

AVENA SATIVA KERNEL FLOUR — Oatmeal. Natural cleanser and toner, its mild exfoliating action makes it an excellent addition to facial masks. Has a slight bleaching effect and is said to help fade age spots and other skin imperfections and to even out skin tones. (INCI dictionary)
CORTHELLUS SHIITAKE — Shiitake Mushroom Extract. Anti- inflammator y and anti-irritant. Calms and hydrates skin and helps promote skin cell health. Contains kojic acid, which can have a brightening effect on age spots and other imperfections. (INCI dictionary)
Asebiol by BASF: synergistic sebo-regulating complex especially developed to rebalance the amount of sebum on the scalp by inhibiting 5α-reductase, the enzyme responsible for its production. It is clinically proven to visibly reduce the appearance of the oiliness and imperfections of the skin. It is a water-soluble liquid. INCI: Aqua (and) Pyridoxine HCL (and) Niacinamide (and) Glycerin (and) Panthenol (and) Hydrolyzed Yeast Protein (and) Threonine (and) Allantoin (and) Biotin ()

دیکشنری INCI = Inci Dictionary
INCI dictionary, International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient list = دیکشنری آی ان سی آی، لیست نامگذاری شده ترکیبات آرایشی توسط مؤسسه بین المللی نامگذاری مواد اولیه آرایشی بهداشتی

گزنه هندی = Indian Nettle
Indian Nettle, Acalypha indica = گزنه هندی، آکالیفا

سرخس ماده = Lady Fern
Lady Fern, Athyrium filix-foemina = سرخس ماده

سرخس نر = Male Fern
Male Fern, Dryopteris filix-mas = سرخس نر

ادعاهای گمراه کننده = Misleading Claims
misleading claims = ادعاهای گمراه کننده

تشکیل شوره = Onset Of Dandruff
onset of dandruff = پیدایش شوره، شروع شوره

راش پوستی = Rash
skin rashes, noticeable change in the texture or color of your skin = راش پوستی، تغییر واضح در بافت و رنگ پوست
Rash = راش های پوستی، نوعی تحریک پوست
Miliaria, prickly heat, heat rash = عرق سوز، عرق گز
diaper rash cream = کرم تعویض پوشک
diaper rash = ادرارسوز
Heat rash = عرق سوز

تخدیرگر = Sedative
sedative, tranquilliser, substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement = سداتیو، آرامبخش، ماده ای که باعث ایجاد آرامش می شود و هیجان را از بین می برد

رسوب کردن = Sedimentation

خردل سفید = White Mustard
White Mustard, Sinapis alba = خردل سفید، خردل ابیض، موسارد

گزنه سفید = White Nettle
White Nettle, Lamium album = گزنه سفید، گزنه سا، گزنه زنبوری، گزنه کور

بطری فاقد هوا = Airless Bottles
airless bottles = بطری های بدون هوا

واکنش آلرژی = Allergic Reaction
hypoallergenic, relatively unlikely to cause an allergic reaction = هیپوالرژنیک، نسبتاً غیرمحتمل برای ایجاد واکنش آلرژی

allergic reaction = واکنش های آلرژیک و التهابی

CHONDRUS CRISPUS — Carrageenan. Food-grade seaweed gum obtained from Irish moss and other red algae. A natural stabilizer, binding agent and emulsifier, high in sulfur and very nourishing to skin and scalp. Food-grade carrageenan should not be confused with degraded carrageenan, which is a known carcinogen. CHYRSANTHEMUM MORIFOLIUM — Chinese Chrysanthemum. Used in Chinese medicine for the treatment of allergic reactions and skin irritations. Known for its soothing effect on the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
MELISSA OFFICINALIS — Balm Mint. Very mild extract, ideal for sensitive skin and skin prone to rashes and other allergic reactions. An anti-irritant and sedative, it soothes and calms the skin and scalp and promotes healing. (INCI dictionary)
Bee Pollen: Microsporic grains in seed plants gathered by bees then collected from the legs of bees. Causes allergic reactions in some people. In nutritional supplements, shampoos, toothpastes, deodorants. Alternatives: synthetics, plant amino acids, pollen collected from plants. (peta.org)
Albumen: In eggs, milk, muscles, blood, and many vegetable tissues and fluids. In cosmetics, albumen is usually derived from egg whites and used as a coagulating agent. May cause allergic reaction. In cakes, cookies, candies, etc. Egg whites sometimes used in “clearing” wines. Derivative: Albumin. (peta.org)
Honey: Food for bees, made by bees. Can cause allergic reactions. Used as a coloring and an emollient in cosmetics and as a flavoring in foods. Should never be fed to infants. Alternatives: in foods—maple syrup, date sugar, syrups made from grains such as barley malt, turbinado sugar, molasses; in cosmetics—vegetable colors and oils. (peta.org)
Carmine Cochineal Carminic Acid: Red pigment from the crushed female cochineal insect. Reportedly, 70,000 beetles must be killed to produce one pound of this red dye. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, red apple sauce, and other foods (including red lollipops and food coloring). May cause allergic reaction. Alternatives: beet juice (used in powders, rouges, shampoos; no known toxicity), alkanet root (from the root of this herb-like tree; used as a red dye for inks, wines, lip balms, etc.; no known toxicity; can also be combined to make a copper or blue coloring). (See Colors.) (peta.org)
Beeswax Honeycomb: Wax obtained from melting honeycomb with boiling water, straining it, and cooling it. From virgin bees. Very cheap and widely used. May be harmful to the skin. In lipsticks and many other cosmetics, especially face creams, lotions, mascara, eye creams and shadows, face makeup, nail whiteners, lip balms, etc. Derivatives: Cera Flava. Alternatives: paraffin, vegetable oils and fats, ceresin (aka ceresine, earth wax; made from the mineral ozokerite; replaces beeswax in cosmetics; also used to wax paper, to make polishing cloths, in dentistry for taking wax impressions, and in candle-making), carnauba wax (from the Brazilian palm tree; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; rarely causes allergic reactions), candelilla wax (from candelilla plants; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; also in the manufacture of rubber and phonograph records, in waterproofing and writing inks; no known toxicity), Japan wax (vegetable wax, Japan tallow; fat from the fruit of a tree grown in Japan and China). (peta.org)
Severe allergic reaction = واکنش آلرژی شدید

نعناع زیبا = Calamint
Calamint, Calamintha nepeta = نعناع زیبا

درخت کافور = Camphor Tree
Camphor tree, Cinnamonum camphora = کافور، کامفور

بادام هندی = Cashew Nut
Cashew nut, cassuvium pomiferum = بادام هندی، کاشو

کوتر کردن = Cauterization
Cauterization = کوتر کردن، سوزاندن الکتریکی با سوزن

رنگبرهای شیمیایی = Chemical Bleaches

کوپروز = Couperose
couperose, rosacea = کوپروز، رزاسه، برافروختگی پوست، یکی از عوارض و بیماری های پوستی که وجود قرمزی و برجستگی های قرمز و کوچک روی صورت از علائم آن است.

نرخ گمرکی = Customs Rate
Customs rate = تعرفه گمرکی

بالای سینه = Decolte

جفت کننده رنگ = Dye Couplers
dye couplers = جفت کننده رنگ

پوست مستعد اگزما = Eczema Prone Skin
eczema prone skin = پوست مستعد اگزما

ارگانیسم های اصلاح شده ژنتیک = Genetically Modified Organisms
genetically modified organisms, When a gene from one organism is purposely moved to improve or change another organism in a laboratory, the result is a genetically modified organism (GMO). It is also sometimes called "transgenic" for transfer of genes. = ارگانیسم های اصلاح شده ژنتیکی، وقتی ژن یک موجود زنده به صورت عمدی برای ایجاد اصلاحات یا تغییرات در آزمایشگاه جابجا می شود، نتیجه کار، موجودات اصلاح شده ژنتیکی خواهد بود. به این ارگانیسم ها، ترانس ژنیک نیز گفته می شود، که این نام به انتقال ژن ها اشاره دارد.

genetically modified organisms, GMO = موجودات اصلاح شده با روش های ژنتیکی 

وراثت = Hierarchy

هیپرپیگمانته = Hyperpigmented

گواهی ایزو = Iso Certification
ISO certification = گواهی ایزو

سله باقلا = Lotus
Lotus, Nelumbo nucifera = سله باقلا، لوتوس، گیاهی آبی از تیره نیلوفر آبیان، سوسن آبی
Sweet Clover, Lotus corniculatus = یونجه زرد، یونجه پاکلاغی

مقدار رطوبت = Moisture Content

نئوپلاسم = Neoplasm
Tumor, Neoplasm = نئوپلاسم، تومور، ضایعه ای که با رشد بیش از حد بافت بدن تظاهر می یابد

پ هاش سنج = Phmeter
pHmeter = پ هاش سنج

افرای قرمز = Red Maple
Red Maple, Acer rubrum = افرای قرمز، افرای مرداب، افرای شکر

رول آن = Roll On

شواهد علمی = Scientific Evidence
scientific evidence, evidence which serves to either support or counter a scientific theory or hypothesis = شاهد یا گواه علمی که برای حمایت یا اثبات یک تئوری علمی یا فرضیه استفاده می شود.

بادیان خطایی = Star Anise
Star Anise, Illician verum = بادیان خطایی، بادیانا

اتم های گوگرد = Sulfur Atoms
sulfur atoms = اتمهای کربن

یونجه زرد = Sweet Clover
Sweet Clover, Lotus corniculatus = یونجه زرد، یونجه پاکلاغی

اتساع عروق = Vasodilation
vasodilation = اتساع مویرگ ها و عروق خونی که باعث کاهش فشار خون می شود

بافتن مو = Weave It Together
weave it together = به هم بافتن موها

توزین مواد = Weighs The Ingredients
weighs the ingredients = توزین مواد

یاسمن آمریکایی = Yellow Jessamine
Yellow Jessamine, Celsemium iasminum officinale = یاسمن آمریکایی

چشم های پف کرده = Baggy Eyes
baggy eyes = چشم پف کرده

جوش سرسیاه = Blackhead
acne lesions, characterized by open comedones (blackheads) and closed comedones (whiteheads) = زخم های آکنه با کومدون های باز (سرسیاه) یا کومدون های بسته (سرسفید)

blackhead = سرسیاه

Tallow Tallow Fatty Alcohol Stearic Acid: Rendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline. Alternatives: vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil. (peta.org)

سیاه گیله = Blueberry
Blueberry, Vaccinium arctostaphylos = سیاه گیله، بلوبری، سیاه دار

سازنده ها = Builders

دارچین سفید = Canella
Canella, anella winterana, canella alba = دارچین سفید

دارچین چینی = Chinese Cinnamon
Chinese Cinnamon, Cinnamomum aromaticum = دارچین چینی، سلیخه

کلواسما = Chloasma
Melasma, chloasma = ملاسما، کلواسما، ماسک بارداری، تیره تر شدن لکه های تیره در دوران بارداری، الگوی منظمی از توزیع رنگدانه در سطح پوست که معمولا در زنان باردار بوجود می آید

chloasma = کلوزما = ملاسما

کومدون بسته = Closed Comedo
acne lesions, characterized by open comedones (blackheads) and closed comedones (whiteheads) = زخم های آکنه با کومدون های باز (سرسیاه) یا کومدون های بسته (سرسفید)

closed comedo = کومدون بسته، جوش سرسفید

کومدون ها = Comedones
acne lesions, characterized by open comedones (blackheads) and closed comedones (whiteheads) = زخم های آکنه با کومدون های باز (سرسیاه) یا کومدون های بسته (سرسفید)

comedones = کومدون ها

گواهی نامه های انطباق = Conformity Certificate
Conformity certificate = گواهی تطابق

کورتیکواستروئید = Corticosteroid
Corticosteroid = کورتیکواستروئید، موثرترین درمان درماتیت، سرکوب کننده حالت های التهابی

Cortisone Corticosteroid: When animal-derived, a hormone from adrenal glands. However, a synthetic is widely used. Typically used in medicine. Alternatives: synthetics. (peta.org)

دکلته = Decolletage

ضد احتقان = Decongesting
decongesting, relieve the congestion = ضد احتقان

عدم انطباق = Deviations
deviations, complaints and recalls = عدم تطابق، شکایت ها و فراخوان ها

deviations = انحراف، عدم تطابق

بابونه انگلیسی = English Chamomile
English chamomile, Chamemelum nobile = بابونه انگلیسی، بابونه رومی

فریکتیومتر = Frictiometer
frictiometer = فریکتیومتر، دستگاهی که برای بررسی اصطکاک و زبری سطح پوست به کارمی رود.

بابونه اروپایی = German Chamomile
German chamomile, Matricaria recutita = بابونه اروپایی، ماتریکاریا، بابونج، بابونغ

گره های مو = Hair Tangles

غیر قابل اختلاط = Immiscible
solvent extraction, Liquid–liquid extraction also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water and an organic solvent. = استخراج با حلال یا استخراج مایع مایع که به آن پارتیشنینگ نیز می گویند، روشی برای جداسازی ترکیبات بر مبنای حلالیت نسبی آن ها به دو فاز مایع غیر قابل امتزاج (معمولا آب و فاز حلال ارگانیک) می باشد

oil and water are immiscible liquids = روغن و آب، مایعات غیر قابل امتزاج هستند

Immiscible = غیر قابل امتزاج

سیسم آیوپاک = Iupac System
IUPAC system = سیستم نام گذاری مواد شیمیایی موسوم به آیوپاک

یاسمن سفید = Jasmine
Jasmine, Jasminum officinale = یاسمن سفید، یاس سفید

NEROLI OIL, Neroli essential oil is extracted from the fragrant blossoms of the bitter orange tree and has a beautiful aroma that appeals to men and women alike. In common with rose and jasmine, neroli oil is almost a complete fragrance in itself and forms the heart of one of the worlds most enduring perfumes, ‘Eau de Cologne’. = روغن نرولی: روغنی كه از شكوفه معطر پرتقال تلخ به دست می آید.

لمفاتیک = Lymphatic
lymphatic drainage = تخلیه لنفی

Lymphatic = لنفاوی

سرطان سیستم لنفاوی = Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

جوز بویا = Nutmeg
Nutmeg, Myristica fragrans = جوز بویا، جوز هندی

کومدون باز = Open Comedo
acne lesions, characterized by open comedones (blackheads) and closed comedones (whiteheads) = زخم های آکنه با کومدون های باز (سرسیاه) یا کومدون های بسته (سرسفید)

open comedo = کومدون باز، جوش سرسیاه

موی بسیار متخلخل = Over Porous Hair
over porous hair = موی بیش از حد متخلخل

آلبالو = Red Cherry
Red cherry, Cerasus vulgaris miller = آلبالو، چری

رتین A = Retin-A
Retin-A, tretinoin, form of vitamin A = رتین آ ، تریتنوئین، یکی از اشکال ویتامین َA

retinA, Retin-A = رتین آ، ترتینوئین

سزکویی ترپن = Sesquiterpene

جینسنگ سیبریایی = Siberian Ginseng
Siberian Ginseng, Eleuthero coccussenticosus = جینسنگ سیبریایی

ظرف فولادی = Stainless Steel Tank
stainless steel tank = تانک یا مخزن از جنس فولاد زنگ نزن

استروئید = Steroids
Steroids = استروئید

Steroids Sterols: From various animal glands or from plant tissues. Steroids include sterols. Sterols are alcohol from animals or plants (e.g., cholesterol). Used in hormone preparation. In creams, lotions, hair conditioners, fragrances, etc. Alternatives: plant tissues, synthetics. (peta.org)
Estrogen Estradiol: Female hormones from pregnant mares’ urine. Considered a drug. Can have harmful systemic effects if used by children. Used for reproductive problems and in birth control pills and Premarin, a menopausal drug. In creams, perfumes, and lotions. Has a negligible effect in the creams as a skin restorative; simple vegetable-source emollients are considered better. Alternatives: oral contraceptives and menopausal drugs based on synthetic steroids or phytoestrogens (from plants, especially palm-kernel oil). Menopausal symptoms can also be treated with diet and herbs. (peta.org)

اثر تقویتی = Toning Action
toning action = قوام دهندگی

جوش سرسفید = Whitehead
acne lesions, characterized by open comedones (blackheads) and closed comedones (whiteheads) = زخم های آکنه با کومدون های باز (سرسیاه) یا کومدون های بسته (سرسفید)

whitehead = جوش سر سفید، سرسفید

whiteheads = جوش های سر سفید

milium, whitehead = جوش سر سفید

انیسون = Anise
Anise, Pimpinella anisum = انیسون، انیس، گیاهی علفی با ارتفاع یک متر
Star Anise, Illician verum = بادیان خطایی، بادیانا

هیدروفیلی = Hydrophilic
hydrophilic, having a tendency to mix with water = هیدروفیل ، آبدوست، ماده ای که گرایش به آمیزش با آب دارد

hydrophilic-lipophilic balance = تعادل هیدروفیل لیپوفیل

hydrophilic or water loving = هیدروفیل یا آب دوست

hydrophilic head = سر آبدوست

سنبل ختایی = Angelica
angelica = گیاه آنجلیکا یا سنبل خطایی که بویی شبیه مشک حیوانی دارد.

ANGELICA ARCHANGELICA — Angelica. Both the essential oil and the dried leaves of this herb are very aromatic. Angelica oil and angelica wax are excellent skin soothers. (INCI dictionary)
ANGELICA SINENSIS — Chinese Angelica (Dong Quai). Superb skin and scalp tonic and antibacterial used in preparations for acne and other skin conditions. (INCI dictionary)
Alpha Lipoic Acid – Thioctic acid Amyris Oil — Amyris balsamifera Angelica – Angelica archangelica Annatto – Bixa orellana (INCI dictionary)
Chinese Angelica (Dong Quai) – Angelica sinensis (INCI dictionary)
Angelica, Angelica archangel lica = سنبل ختایی، آنجلیکا، آنژلیکا

تاجریزی پیچ = Bittersweet Nightshade
Bittersweet Nightshade, Solanum dulcamara = تاجریزی پیچ، تاجریزی ایرانی، سولانوم

تاجریزی سیاه = Black Nightshade
Black Nightshade, Solanum nigrum = تاجریزی سیاه

براشینگ = Brushing
brushing = برس زدن، سائیدن، براشینگ

Brushing brows into place = مرتب کردن ابروها

کاتالیز کردن = Catalyse
catalyse = کاتالیز کردن

موی خشن = Coarse Hair
coarse hair = موی خشن

گل گندم آبی = Cornflower
Cornflower, Centaurea cyanus = گل گندم آبی

پیشخوان محصولات آرایشی = Cosmetic Counter
cosmetic counter = پیشخوان فروشگاه های محصولات آرایشی بهداشتی

کوتومتر = Cutometer
cutometer = کوتومتر، دستگاهی که میزان الاستیسیته ی پوست را اندازه می گیرد.

تشخیص افتراقی = Differential Diagnosis
differential diagnosis = تشخیص افتراقی

گیاه رازیانه = Fennel
Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare miller = رازیانه، رازیانه شیرین، رازیانه بزرگ

بابونه گاوی = Feverfew
Feverfew, Tanacetum parthenium = بابونه گاوی، اقحوان

پاپیتال خاکی = Ground Ivy
Ground Ivy, Glechoma hederacea = پاپیتال خاکی، عشقه زمینی

آرایشگران = Hair Dressers
hair dressers = آرایشگران

عوامل میکروبی = Microbial Agents
microbial agents = مواد میکروبی

عرق سوختگی = Miliaria 

ترکیبات نیتروژن دار = Nitrogen Containing Compound
nitrogen containing compound = ترکیبات حاوی نیتروژن

مرزنگوش وحشی = Origanum
Marjoram, Sweet Marjoram, Origanum vulgare, = مرزنگوش، مرزنجوش، نوعی گیاه ادویه ای

دم خوکی = Pigtails
pigtails is when you have two ponytails = در آرایشگاه: پیگ تیل pigtail مدل مویی است که شامل دو دسته موی دم اسبی شده ponytail می باشد.

pigtails, plaited lock of hair worn singly at the back or on each side of the head = پیگتیل، طره های بافته شده مو در قسمت پشت سر یا هر یک از طرفین سر

پنجه برگ چمنزاری = Potentilla
Potentilla, Potentilla anserine = پنجه برگ چمنزاری، پتنتیلا، گیاه پنجه ای یا پنج انگشت

خودتراش ایمن = Safety Razor

رازیانه سرخ = Scarlet Pimpernel
scarlet pimpernel, Anagalis arvensis = رازیانه سرخ، آناغالیس

مقادیر اندک، انباشته می شوند = Small Amounts Add Up
small amounts add up = مقادیر اندک انباشته می شوند

سدیم کوکوئیل سولفات = Sodium Cocoyl Sulfate
sodium cocoyl sulfate = سدیم کوکوئیل سولفات

سلول های سنگفرشی = Squamous Cell
Squamous cell = سلولهای سنگفرشی، کراتینوسیت ها

squamous cell carcinoma = سرطان سلولهای سنگفرشی

نوارچسب های فرابنفش = Uv Patches

زنجیره هیدروکربنی غیرقطبی = Nonpolar Hydrocarbon Chain
nonpolar hydrocarbon chain = زنجیره غیرقطبی هیدروکربن

تاج خروس ارغوانی = Amaranth
Amaranth, Amaranthus hypochondriacus = تاج خروس ارغوانی، همیشه بهار، آمارانت

Amaranth solution = محلول آمارانت، نوعي رنگ آرايشي

مایع آمنیوتیک = Amniotic Fluid
amniotic fluid = مایع موجود در کیسه آب خانم های باردار

مواد ضد کف = Antifoam

آنتی هیستامین = Antihistamine
antihistamine = آنتی هیستامین

اش انگور = Buckthorn
Buckthorn, Rhamnus catharticus = اش انگور، سیاه تنگرس، بوته ای با ارتفاع 4 متر، حاوی فلاونوییدها و آنترانوییدها

Sea Buckthorn, Hippophae rhamnoides = سنجد تلخ، غاسول رومی

نامگذاری مواد شیمیایی = Chemical Nomenclature
chemical nomenclature = نامگذاری شیمیایی

کوپلیمر = Copolymer
copolymer = کوپلیمر، هم پار

BRASSICA CAMPESTRIS / ALEURITES FORDI OIL — A natural copolymer made by combining chinawood (tung) and turnip (canola) oils under heat and pressure. Gives shine and slip to hair and lip care products. No plastics or chemical additives are used in making this copolymer. (INCI dictionary)

عملکرد سدی پوست = Cutaneous Barrier Function
cutaneous barrier function = عملکرد انسدادی پوست

skin barrier function, cutaneous barrier function = عملکرد سدی پوست

سیکلومتیکون = Cyclomethicone
cyclomethicone = سیکلومتیکون

اکسترودر = Extruder
extruder = اکسترودر، ماشینی که یک روزندان دارد و علاوه بر کاربرد در لاستیک سازی در صابون سازی هم کاربرد دارد، اکسترودر وسیله ای شبیه چرخ گوشت است که صابون را به صورت پلت شده خارج می کند.

پوست فوق حساس کودکان = Hypersensitive Skin Of Babies
hypersensitive skin of babies = پوست فوق حساس کودکان

برون تنی = In Vitro
in vitro, process that is made to occur in a laboratory vessel = این ویترو، درون تنی، فرآیندی که در ظرف آزمایشگاهی اتفاق می افتد، انجام آزمون های اثربخشی در ظرف های آزمایشگاهی

Radioimmunoassay (RIA), a very sensitive in vitro assay technique used to measure concentrations of antigens (for example, hormone levels in blood) by use of antibodies. = آزمون رادیوایمیونو اَسِی، یك آزمون اینویتروی بسیار حساس برای اندازه گیری آنتی ژنها (مثلا سطح هورمونهای خون

سرو جبلی = Juniper
Juniper, Juniperus communis = سرو جبلی، سرو کوهی، عرعر، جونیپر

juniper berry = درخت عرعر

Savin Tops, Juniperus sabina = های مرز

گل ماگنولیا = Magnolia
Magnolia, Magnolia glauca = گل ماگنولیا

نمک های فلزی = Metallic Salts
metallic salts = نمک های فلزی

هل نپالی = Nepalese Cardamom
Nepalese Cardamom, Amomum aromaticum = هل نپالی

نام گذاری = Nomenclature
INCI dictionary, International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient list = دیکشنری آی ان سی آی، لیست نامگذاری شده ترکیبات آرایشی توسط مؤسسه بین المللی نامگذاری مواد اولیه آرایشی بهداشتی

INCI, International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients = سیستم نامگذاری بین المللی مواد اولیه آرایشی بهداشتی 

chemical nomenclature = نامگذاری شیمیایی

nomenclature = نامگذاری

عاری از مواد پتروشیمی = Petrochemical Free
petrochemical free = عاری از مواد پتروشیمی، عاری از ترکیباتی مثل موم پارافین، روغن مینرال، تولوئن، فنوکسی اتانول، پلی اتیلن گلایکول، اتوکسیلات ها (ترکیباتی که آخرشان به eth ختم می شود) مثل میرت، لورت، اولت، ستئارت و همچنین ترکیباتی که حاوی دی اتانول آمین یا مونو اتانول آمین هستند

پلیمر کواترنیزه = Quaternized Polymer
quaternized polymer = پلیمر کواترنیزه

چوب صندل قرمز = Red Sandalwood
Red Sandalwood, Pterocarpus santalinus = چوب صندل قرمز، صندل احمر

رتینوئیک اسید = Retinoic Acid
retin A or retinoic acid is used in acne treatments = رتین آ یا رتینوئیک اسید برای درمان آکنه استفاده می شود

های مرز = Savin Tops
Savin Tops, Juniperus sabina = های مرز

اسکراپر = Scrapper
scrapper = اسکراپر، تراش دهنده، دیوارکش مخزن، تیغه ای که به پره همزن وصل است و از چسبیدن مواد به مخزن همزن جلوگیری می کند.

سد پوستی = Skin Barrier
skin barrier function, cutaneous barrier function = عملکرد سدی پوست

skin barrier = سد محافظ پوست

NIACINAMIDE: Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. It stops the skin cells that produce pigment from transferring that pigment to surface skin cells, thereby minimizing unwanted dark spots. It is also an effective moisturizer helping the skin produce more ceramides and fatty acids, which are crucial components of your skin barrier. As that barrier is strengthened, skin is better able to keep moisture in and irritants out. Redness and inflammation are visibly reduced. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer and F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)

بیو راکتور = Bioreactor
bioreactor = بیوراکتور، بیورآکتور

قوانین بهداشتی = Cosmetics Regulations
cosmetics regulations = قوانین و مقررات آرایشی بهداشتی

تبادل گر یونی = Ion Exchanger

لام میکروسکوپ = Microscope Slide
microscope slide = لام میکروسکوپ

مونوترپن = Monoterpenes
Monoterpenes = مونوترپن

پلی فسفات سدیم = Sodium Polyphosphate

توامتر = Tewameter
TEWAmeter, TEWA meter = توامتر، دستگاهی که با استفاده از اختلاف رطوبت و دما، میزان تبخیرآب از لایه ی اپیدرم را اندازه می گیرد.

گرمانرم = Thermoplastic
Thermoplastic = گرما نرم، ترموپلاستیک

نوک مو همان انتهای مو است. = Ends Are The Tip Of Your Hair
ends are the tip of your hair = به نوک موها، انتهای مو نیز گفته می شود

اسکلت کراتینی مو = Keratin Backbone Of Hair

نیلوفر آبی معطر = American White Pond Lily
American White Pond Lily, Nymphoea odorata = نیلوفر آبی معطر، واتر لیلی

بلاذر = Cashew
Cashew, Anacardium occidentale = بلاذر، بلادر، بادام هندی، کاشو

Cashew nut, cassuvium pomiferum = بادام هندی، کاشو

زمینه کاسمتولوژی = Cosmetology Field
cosmetology field = فیلد کاسمتولوژی، زیبایی شناسی

شبه دائمی = Demi Permanent
demi permanent = شبه دائمی

تست الاستیسیته = Elasticity Test
elasticity test = تست الاستیسیته

همیشه بهار باتلاقی = Marsh Marigold
Marsh Marigold, Caltha palustris = همیشه بهار باتلاقی، زرنق باتلاقی

نوروپپتید = Neuropeptide
neuropeptide = نوروپپتیدها

Pain relief has been reported after injection of BTX into hyperactive muscles. In addition, in animal models muscular pain induced by formalin can also be reduced by BTXA suggesting a direct analgesic effect.[18] In rabbit iris muscles and dorsal root ganglia neurons, substance P, a neuropeptide involved in pain reception and neurogenic inflammation, can be blocked together with acetylcholine. (J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2008 Jan; 1(1): 3–6.)

خنثی ساز = Neutralizer
neutralizer = خنثی کننده

صاف کردن غیرشیمیایی = Non Chemical Straightening
Non chemical straightening = صاف کننده های غیر شیمیایی مو

فیتو استرول = Phyto-Sterols

تلانژکتازی = Telangiectasia
telangiectasia = تلانژکتازی، گشادشدن مویرگ ها، اتساع عروق، افزایش بیش از حد قطر مویرگ های زیر سطح پوست، ظهور عروق خونی متسع

فاکتور رشد درون پوش آوندی = Vascular Entdothelial Growth Factor
vascular entdothelial growth factor = فاکتور رشد اندوتلیال عروقی، فاکتور رشد درون پوش آوندی نیز توسط احسان حسنانی ترجمه شده است.

پف های کیسه مانند = Pouches

واندروالس = Weak Van Der Waals
weak van der Waals forces = نیروهای ضعیف واندر والسی

ماده قلیایی کننده = Alkalizing Ingredient
alkalizing ingredient = ماده قلیایی کننده

درخت چهل سکه = Ginkgo
Ginkgo, Ginkgo biloba = درخت چهل سکه، جینگو، جینکوبیلوبا

پیش ویتامین = Provitamin

تأمین کننده مواد اولیه = Raw Material Supplier
raw material supplier = تأمین کننده ماده اولیه

رتین آلدئید = Retinal Aldehyde

شامپوی بدون سولفات = Sulfate Free Shampoo
sulfate free shampoo = شامپوی عاری از سولفات

منشاء حیوانی = Animal Origin
Animal origin = منشاء حیوانی، به دست آمده از حیوان

Cerebrosides: Fatty acids and sugars found in the covering of nerves. May be synthetic or of animal origin. When animal-derived, may include tissue from brain. Used in moisturizers. (peta.org)
Myristic Acid: Organic acid typically derived from nut oils but occasionally of animal origin. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristate. Alternatives: nut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc. (peta.org)

محل اتصال درم و اپیدرم = Dermal Epidermal Junction
dermal epidermal junction = محل اتصال درم و اپیدرم

کم حساسیت زا = Hypoallergenic
hypoallergenic, relatively unlikely to cause an allergic reaction = هیپوالرژنیک، نسبتاً غیرمحتمل برای ایجاد واکنش آلرژی

آزمایشگاه میکروبیولوژی = Microbiology Labratories
microbiology labratories = آزمایشگاه هایی که در آن تست های میکروبی انجام می شود

نانو تکنولوژی = Nano Technology
nano technology = نانوتکنولوژی

سالن کار حرفه ای = Salon Professional
salon professional = تکنسین حرفه ای سالن آرایش

مشکل پوستی = Skin Problem
skin problem = مشکل پوست

متیل ایزوتیازولینون = Methylisothiazolinone
methylisothiazolinone = متیل ایزوتیازولینون

Cinchona Succirubra Bark Extract (Quinquina), Sodium Laureth Sulfate (Dérivé D'huile De Coco), Water / Aqua (Eau Purifiée), Cocamidopropyl Betaine (Dérivé D'huile De Coco), Lauryl Glucoside, Peg-200 Hydrogenated Glyceryl Palmate, Peg-7 Glyceryl Cocoate, Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein Pg-Propyl Silanetriol (Dérivé De Blé), Fragrance / Parfum, Panthenol (Provitamine B5), Propylene Glycol, Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract, Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride, Pyridoxine Hcl, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract (Procyanidols De Raisin), Phenoxyethanol, Parabens (Ethyl, Butyl), Methylchloroisothiazolinone, Methylisothiazolinone, Citric Acid, Tetrasodium Edta, Sodium Chloride. (Phytocyan shampoo ingredients)
Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract, Peg-33 Castor Oil (Dérivé D'huile De Ricin), Sodium Lauroyl Oat Amino Acids, Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Oil (Sauge), Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Peel Oil (Citron), Rosmarinus Officinalis ( Rosemary) Leaf Oil (Romarin), Juniperus Communis Fruit Oil (Baie De Genièvre), Palmitoyl Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein (Dérivé D'acides Aminés De Blé), Vinegar / Acetum, Propylene Glycol, Citral, Limonene, Phenoxyethanol*, Parabens (Butyl, Ethyl)*, Methylisothiazolinone*, Methylchloroisothiazolinone*, Polysorbate 20, Beta-Carotene. (Huile d ales ingredients)

بیماری پوست = Skin Condition
skin conditioner = کاندیشنر پوستی برای زدودن چربی ها و لایه برداری پوست استفاده می شود. این کاندیشنرها معمولاً به صورت اسپری هستند. و معمولاً نیاز به آبکشی دارند. رطوبت رسانی نیز یکی از وظایف کاندیشنرهای پوستی است.

COCONUT FATTY ACID CREAM BASE — Absorption base containing essential fatty acids, coconut fatty alcohols from palm ker- nels, aloe vera and vitamins A, C and E. Rich in linoleic and linolenic acids (vitamin F), excellent nutrients and skin conditioners. In hair care products, it is often combined with the impor tant amino acids cysteine and methionine, which are high in sulfur and excellent for the hair and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
DYCAPRYLYL CARBONATE — Plant-derived fat used as an emollient and skin conditioner. Added to sunscreens, moisturizers and anti-aging formulations, it increases the spreadability of the prod- uct. It is considered a “dry emollient” for its ability to soften skin and replenish its moisture content without leaving a greasy feel. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERYL STEARATE — Humectant and skin conditioner de- rived from vegetable fatty acids. (INCI dictionary)
BETAINE SALICYLATE: Betaine Salicylate is a natural skin conditioner derived from sugar beets. It is complexed with keratolytic BHA. It provides time-released exfoliating action long after it is removed. (cellularskinrx.com)
skin condition = عارضه پوستی، بیماری پوستی

ANDIRA ARAROBA — Goa Herb, Chrysarobin. A natural astringent, its chemical affinity to the keratin elements of the skin makes this herb an excellent treatment for acne, eczema and other skin conditions. A calming agent for itching, flaking or irritated skin. (INCI dictionary)
ANGELICA SINENSIS — Chinese Angelica (Dong Quai). Superb skin and scalp tonic and antibacterial used in preparations for acne and other skin conditions. (INCI dictionary)
ARCTIUM LAPPA ROOT EXTRACT — Burdock. Antiseptic and antibacterial used topically to calm certain skin conditions. Its oil extract smoothes and revitalizes the hair and tones and soothes the scalp. An excellent ingredient in conditioners, anti-frizz hair care products and styling aids for coarse, curly, hard-to-handle hair. (INCI dictionary)
BORAGO OFFICINALIS SEED OIL — Borage Oil. Nutrient- dense oil high in rare gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), also found in human breast milk. An anti-inflammatory and soothing agent, very beneficial for some dry skin conditions. Combined with Rosa Mosqueta® (Rosa rubiginosa) oil and alfalfa extract (Medicago sativa), borage oil is an excellent ingredient for dry or mature skin preparations. (INCI dictionary)
CALODENDRUM CAPENSE — Yangu Oil. Rich emollient cold pressed from the seeds of the African Cape chestnut tree and used for generations for its hair and skin conditioning proper ties. High in essential fatty acids and antioxidants, it is an excellent moisturizer and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ACID CREAM BASE — Absorption base containing essential fatty acids, coconut fatty alcohols from palm ker- nels, aloe vera and vitamins A, C and E. Rich in linoleic and linolenic acids (vitamin F), excellent nutrients and skin conditioners. In hair care products, it is often combined with the impor tant amino acids cysteine and methionine, which are high in sulfur and excellent for the hair and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
DYCAPRYLYL CARBONATE — Plant-derived fat used as an emollient and skin conditioner. Added to sunscreens, moisturizers and anti-aging formulations, it increases the spreadability of the prod- uct. It is considered a “dry emollient” for its ability to soften skin and replenish its moisture content without leaving a greasy feel. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERYL STEARATE — Humectant and skin conditioner de- rived from vegetable fatty acids. (INCI dictionary)
PERSEA GRATISSIMA — Avocado Oil. A good source of vitamins A, D and E, amino acids and sterols. Herbalists traditionally have used avocado oil in hair and scalp preparations and in the treatment of chronic dry skin conditions. Easily absorbed by the skin and scalp, it is very soothing and nourishing. (INCI dictionary)
PINUS STROBUS BARK EXTRACT — White Pine Bark. Native Americans used this soothing extract in preparations for dry scalp and skin conditions long before coal tar and other petrochemicals were ever used. (INCI dictionary)
RETINYL PALMITATE — Vitamin A. Antioxidant vitamin widely used (both internally and topically) in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions. Its topical application promotes the formation of new skin cells and helps regulate oil secretion in the sebaceous glands. Par ticularly beneficial for dry or sun-exposed skin, it is often found in sun protection creams for its antioxidant proper ties and its soothing and hydrating effect on the skin. (A deficiency of vitamin A in the body reduces the mucopolysaccharides in the skin, which accelerates the skin’s aging process.) Also used as a natural preser- vative in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary)
BETAINE SALICYLATE: Betaine Salicylate is a natural skin conditioner derived from sugar beets. It is complexed with keratolytic BHA. It provides time-released exfoliating action long after it is removed. (cellularskinrx.com)
dry skin condition = عارضه پوست خشک

BORAGO OFFICINALIS SEED OIL — Borage Oil. Nutrient- dense oil high in rare gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), also found in human breast milk. An anti-inflammatory and soothing agent, very beneficial for some dry skin conditions. Combined with Rosa Mosqueta® (Rosa rubiginosa) oil and alfalfa extract (Medicago sativa), borage oil is an excellent ingredient for dry or mature skin preparations. (INCI dictionary)
PERSEA GRATISSIMA — Avocado Oil. A good source of vitamins A, D and E, amino acids and sterols. Herbalists traditionally have used avocado oil in hair and scalp preparations and in the treatment of chronic dry skin conditions. Easily absorbed by the skin and scalp, it is very soothing and nourishing. (INCI dictionary)

مواجهه با مواد شیمیایی سمی = Exposure To Toxic Chemicals
exposure to toxic chemicals = مواجهه با مواد شیمیایی

ایجاد کننده اختلالات هورمونی = Hormonal Distruptor
hormonal distruptor = عامل ایجاد اختلال هورمونی

ناراحتی پوستی = Skin Discomfort
skin discomfort = ناراحتی پوستی

تعریف محصول آرایشی بهداشتی در اتحادیه اروپا = Definition Of The Cosmetic Product In The Eu
definition of the cosmetic product in the EU = تعریف محصول آرایشی بهداشتی در اتحادیه اروپا

آکورد = Accord
ACCORD = آکورد، به مخلوط دو یا تعداد بیشتری ماده که زمینه بویایی یکسان دارند، آکورد گفته می شود. (کتاب دانستنی های عطر تالیف احسان حسنانی)

According to The Washington Post, American hair loss sufferers spend more than (Capixyl)
Accord: In the same way you hold down several notes in music to create a chord that has a unique sound, in perfume, an accord is a scent made up of several perfume notes, or ingredients, that blend together to form a distinct fragrance. For example, the classic accord in the chypre perfume category is bergamot, labdanum, and oakmoss. (intothegloss.com)
Amber: There is no amber ingredient in the wild. It’s an accord created with perfume notes such as labdanum, vanilla, and balsams such as benzoin and Tolu Balsam, which are sweet, warm resins that both come from tree barks. Amber is the cornerstone accord of Oriental fragrances. (intothegloss.com)
Chypre: The French word for the Greek island of Cyprus. Its classic accord features a citrus top note, such as bergamot, contrasting with a mossy base of, most importantly, oakmoss. The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) is considering banning or severely limiting the use of oakmoss and tree mosses in scents due to their alleged allergenic properties, which has perfume lovers up in arms. Christian Dior Diorella is a chypre. (intothegloss.com)
Cuir: Pronounced “queer,” cuir is the French word for leather. Leather perfumes are made with accords constructed from various perfume notes including birch tar, styrax, castoreum, myrtle, cade, and a variety of synthetic arochemicals. Chanel Cuir de Russie is a classic leather perfume. (intothegloss.com)
Note: A perfume term that basically means ingredient. Sometimes a note refers to actual discrete ingredients such as rose and orange blossom. Other times, it’s loosely used where “accord” would be more accurate, especially when perfume copywriters get extravagant and include notes such as “angel skin” in the list of ingredients. (intothegloss.com)
ACCORD: The basic character of a fragrance. Perfume accords are a balanced blend of three or four notes which create a completely new, unified odor impression. (fragrance.org)
HARMONIOUS: Order, accord and unity in fragrance. (fragrance.org)
MIDDLE NOTES: The middle or “heart” notes make up a main blend of a fragrance that classifies the fragrance family or accord. It usually takes from ten to twenty minutes for the middle notes to fully develop on the skin. (fragrance.org)
Witch hazel is a small tree known for its softening, soothing properties. When formulating their family toiletry range, Yves Rocher Vegetal Biology Laboratories selected an organic witch hazel extract, obtained according to special rules of cultivation and extraction designed to deliver its properties intact. (yvesrocher.ca)
ACCORD, The basic character of a fragrance. Perfume accords are a balanced blend of three or four notes which create a completely new, unified odor impression. = آكورد، كاراكتر ویژه یك عطر. آكوردهای عطر مخلوط متعادل شده‌ای از سه تا چهار نوت هستند كه یك بوی كاملاً جدید و یكنواخت شده ایجاد می‌کنند و با هم به تعادل رسیده‌اند.

مواد شیمیایی معطر = Aroma Chemicals
aroma chemicals = مواد شیمیایی معطر

AROMA CHEMICALS: Molecules obtained from natural products or made by synthetic organic chemistry that have an aroma. Most of the synthetic aroma chemicals are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule obtained from a natural product. (fragrance.org)
ISOLATES: Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. (fragrance.org)
AROMA CHEMICALS, Molecules obtained from natural products or made by synthetic organic chemistry that have an aroma. Most of the synthetic aroma chemicals are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule obtained from a natural product. = مواد شیمیایی آروماتیك یا آروماكمیكال ها مولکول‌هایی هستند كه از محصولات طبیعی به دست می‌آیند یا به صورت سنتزی ساخته می‌شوند و بو دارند. بسیاری از مواد شیمایی آروماتیك بوی شبیه مواد طبیعی دارند. به عبارت دیگر شبیه مولکول‌هایی هستند كه از طبیعت به دست می‌آیند.

ISOLATES, Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. = ایزولات ها: مواد شیمیایی كه تركیبات طبیعی جداسازی شدند.

زباد = Civet
civet cat, viverra civetta = گربه زباد که غده مقعدی آن ماده معطری به نام مشک زباد قابل استحصال است. منبع: کتاب شیمی عطرها نوشته چارلز سل
ANIMALIC, Characterized by bodily aromas or aromas most associated with traditional animal materials such as musk, civet and castoreum. These materials are now banned and have been replaced with musks obtained from plants and civet and castoreum smelling molecules obtained synthetically. = انیمالیك یا حیوانی، به بوهایی گفته می‌شود كه در عطرهای حیوانی سنتی مثل مُشك، سیوت و كاستریوم وجود دارد. این مواد در حال حاضر ممنوع هستند و با مشک‌های به دست آمده از گیاهان و مولکول‌هایی كه بوی شبیه سیوت و كاستریوم می‌دهند و به صورت سنتزی تشكل شده‌اند جایگزین شده‌اند.
CIVET, Also called Civet Musk, this is obtained from the odorous sacs of the civets, animals in the family Viverridae, related to the Mongoose. = سیوت یا مُشك زباد از كیسه های بودار حیوانی به نام زُباد به دست می آید.

شیرین چسبناک = Cloying
cloying = شیرین چسبناک

CLOYING:  An odor that is excessively sticky sweet. (fragrance.org)
LIGHT: A generally non-sweet, non-cloying fragrance where the fresh note is predominant. Often formulated as an eau fraiche or deodorant cologne for all-over body wear in warm climates or for sports. (fragrance.org)
CLOYING, An odor that is excessively sticky sweet. = بویی كه شیرین چسبناك است

کانکریت = Concrete
concrete = کانکریت

ABSOLUTE: Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. (fragrance.org)
CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
ESSENTIAL OIL: The “essence” of plants obtained by distillation of the plant material or its concrete. Plant materials include flowers, grass, stems, seeds, leaves, roots, bark, fruits, tree moss and tree secretions. (fragrance.org)
SOLVENTS: Volatile fluids used to extract water insoluble, odorous substances from plant material. The solvent extract of a plant material is called a concrete. (fragrance.org)
ABSOLUTE, Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. = ابسولوت به ماده عطری بسیار غلیظ می‌گویند كه با استخراج الكلی كانكریت­ها به دست می‌آید. كانكریت با روش استخراج با حلال از گیاهان به دست می‌آید.

CONCRETE, Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. = كانكریت: ماده مومی شكل جامد كه با روش استخراج با حلال از مواد گیاهی مثل گلها، ساقه و برگ درختان به دست می آید. ابسولوت از استخراج الكلی كانكریت ها به دست می آید.

ESSENTIAL OIL, The “essence” of plants obtained by distillation of the plant material or its concrete. Plant materials include flowers, grass, stems, seeds, leaves, roots, bark, fruits, tree moss and tree secretions. = اسانس روغنی: اسانس گیاهان كه با روش تقطیر مواد گیاهی یا كانكریت آنها به دست می آید. منظورمان از مواد گیاهی گلها، علفها، ساقه ها، بذرها، برگها، ریشه ها، تنه و میوه درختان است. همچنین خزه درختان و سایر ترشحات درختان همگی از مواد گیاهی محسوب می شوند كه می تواند تقطیر شود.

مخروطیان = Coniferous
coniferous = مخروطیان

CONIFEROUS: Cone-bearing trees and shrubs. (fragrance.org)
BALSAMS, Sticky, resinous materials obtained from trees or shrubs which give a combined sweet-woody odor associated with well-seasoned, nonconiferous woods such as maple. = بالزام یا بِلسان: ماده رزینی چسبناك كه از درخت یا بوته به دست می‌آید و بوی شیرین چوبی دارد كه به افرا مرتبط است.

CONIFEROUS, Cone-bearing trees and shrubs. = مخروطیان: درختهایی كه انتهایشان شبیه مخروط است.

ادو کلن = Eau De Cologne
eau de cologne = ادو کلن

Concentration: There are four major concentrations of fragrance you can buy. They reflect not only the longevity of fragrance, but also its ingredients and qualities. From the least concentrated (smaller perfume oil ratio in relation to alcohol) to highest: Eau de Cologne, with around 2–5 % perfume oils; Eau de Toilette, with around 5–20% perfume oils; Eau de Parfum, with around 10–30% perfume oils; and Extrait or Extract, at around 20—40% concentration. (intothegloss.com)
EAU DE COLOGNE: Contains the lowest concentration of 2-4% base. It’s light, refreshing and can be applied often. (fragrance.org)
NEROLI OIL: Neroli essential oil is extracted from the fragrant blossoms of the bitter orange tree and has a beautiful aroma that appeals to men and women alike. In common with rose and jasmine, neroli oil is almost a complete fragrance in itself and forms the heart of one of the worlds most enduring perfumes, ‘Eau de Cologne’. (fragrance.org)
EAU DE COLOGNE, Contains the lowest concentration of 2-4% base. It’s light, refreshing and can be applied often. = ادوكلن دارای كمترین غلظت یعنی 2 تا 4 درصد اسانس پایه است. ادوكلن ها ملایم و طراوت بخش هستند و می توانند به دفعات استفاده شوند.

NEROLI OIL, Neroli essential oil is extracted from the fragrant blossoms of the bitter orange tree and has a beautiful aroma that appeals to men and women alike. In common with rose and jasmine, neroli oil is almost a complete fragrance in itself and forms the heart of one of the worlds most enduring perfumes, ‘Eau de Cologne’. = روغن نرولی: روغنی كه از شكوفه معطر پرتقال تلخ به دست می آید.

ادو توالت = Eau De Toilette
eau de toilette = ادو توالت

Concentration: There are four major concentrations of fragrance you can buy. They reflect not only the longevity of fragrance, but also its ingredients and qualities. From the least concentrated (smaller perfume oil ratio in relation to alcohol) to highest: Eau de Cologne, with around 2–5 % perfume oils; Eau de Toilette, with around 5–20% perfume oils; Eau de Parfum, with around 10–30% perfume oils; and Extrait or Extract, at around 20—40% concentration. (intothegloss.com)
COLOGNE (MEN'S): Unlike women’s colognes, it is similar to the concentration of eau de toilette and in some instances perfume. (fragrance.org)
EAU DE TOILETTE: Contains 4-8% base. This form is light yet relatively lasting. (fragrance.org)
COLOGNE (MEN'S), Unlike women’s colognes, it is similar to the concentration of eau de toilette and in some instances perfume. = بر خلاف كلون های زنانه، كلون های مردانه غلظتی شبیه اُدو توالت دارند.

EAU DE TOILETTE, Contains 4-8% base. This form is light yet relatively lasting. = ادوتوالت 4 تا 8 درصد اسانس پایه دارد. ملایم است و نسبتاً ماندگار است.

محو شونده = Evanescent
evanescent = محو شونده

EVANESCENT: Fleeting or quickly vanishing fragrance. (fragrance.org)
EVANESCENT, Fleeting or quickly vanishing fragrance. = عطرهایی كه سریع محو می شوند.

فلاکون = Flaçon
flaçon = فلاکون

رایحه گلها = Flowery
flowery = رایحه گلها

FLOWERY: Possessing a fragrance resembling a flower. Term often used to describe certain aromatic chemicals such as heliotropin, hedione, rhodinol and anistic aldehyde. (fragrance.org)

فوژه = Fougère
fougère = فوژه

FOUGÈRE: The French word for “fern.” Fougère fragrances depend on aromatic chemicals to produce the fern-like notes that combine well with lavender, citrus and coumarin in fragrances for men. (fragrance.org)
FOUGÈRE, The French word for “fern.” Fougère fragrances depend on aromatic chemicals to produce the fern-like notes that combine well with lavender, citrus and coumarin in fragrances for men. = فوژه: لغت فرانسوی فِرن یا سرخس. عطریات فوژه مواد شیمایی آروماتیك برای تولید نوت های سرخس مانند هستند كه از آمیزش لاوندر، سیتروس، كومارین به دست می آید.

خانواده عطر = Fragrance Family
fragrance family = خانواده عطر

CHYPRE: A fragrance family or type – a complex of moss mixed with woods, flowers or fruit odors. (fragrance.org)
FLORAL: Fragrance family or type; either characteristic of a specific flower or a blend of several flower notes. (fragrance.org)
FRAGRANCE FAMILY: Fragrances that are constructed in a similar manner and have key ingredient combinations in common are said to be in the same fragrance family. (fragrance.org)
GREEN: Fragrance family or type whose odor is reminiscent of fresh-cut grass, leaves or a warm, moist forest. Green notes add lift and vigor to a fragrance composition. (fragrance.org)
ORIENTAL:  Fragrance family or type denoting heavy, full bodied and tenacious perfumes. Amber notes are dominant in this category. (fragrance.org)
CHYPRE, A fragrance family or type – a complex of moss mixed with woods, flowers or fruit odors. = شیپره: خانواده عطریات مجموعه ای از خزه، بوهای چوب، گلها و بوهای میوه ای

FLORAL, Fragrance family or type; either characteristic of a specific flower or a blend of several flower notes. = فلورال یا گلی: خانواده عطرها كه بوی گل خاص یا تركیبی از نوت های گلی را دارد.

FRAGRANCE FAMILY, Fragrances that are constructed in a similar manner and have key ingredient combinations in common are said to be in the same fragrance family. = خانواده عطر: عطرهایی كه به یك شیوه ساخته شده و یا تركیبات كلیدی یكسانی دارند.

لایه بندی عطر = Fragrance Layering
fragrance layering = لایه بندی عطر

FRAGRANCE LAYERING: To apply  various forms of the same fragrance to make it last longer. (fragrance.org)

کمد عطر = Fragrance Wardrobe
fragrance wardrobe = کمد عطر

FRAGRANCE WARDROBE: A collection of fragrances that a person owns to meet different moods, occasions, and even times of day. (fragrance.org)
FRAGRANCE WARDROBE, A collection of fragrances that a person owns to meet different moods, occasions, and even times of day. = مجموعه ای از عطرها كه یك فرد می تواند داشته باشد تا برای موقعیت های مختلف، وضعیتهای روحی مختلف یا حتی زمانهای مختلف روز استفاده كند.

خوردنی = Gourmand
gourmand = خوردنی

Oriental perfume: A major category of perfume distinguished by the use of warm, ambery, sweet notes like vanilla, tonka, benzoin, and amber. The ingredients are oft-associated with the Middle East—like frankincense/incense, and amber. There are subcategories: spicy Oriental perfumes, woody Oriental, floral Oriental or Florientals, etc. Thierry Mugler Angel is a gourmand Oriental perfume, and Balmain Ambre Gris an example of an ambery Oriental. (intothegloss.com)
GOURMAND: A food-like quality in a fragrance. Edible. (fragrance.org)
GOURMAND, A food-like quality in a fragrance. Edible. = گورماند: عطرهایی كه بوی شبیه خوراكی ها دارند.

بی پروا = Heady
heady = بی پروا

اینفیوژن = Infusion
infusion = اینفیوژن

INFUSION:  A solution obtained by prolonged contact with hot alcohol. (fragrance.org)
INFUSION, A solution obtained by prolonged contact with hot alcohol. = اینفیوژن: محلول هایی كه با تماس زیاد با الكل داغ به دست می ایند.

ایزو اوژنول = Isoeugenol
isoeugenol = ایزو اوژنول

ISOEUGENOL: Odour of clove weaker than that of eugenol. Constituent of nutmeg oil and ylang ylang oil. (fragrance.org)
SPICY:  Piquant or pungent notes such as clove oil, cinnamon; characteristic of notes of carnation, ginger, lavender or the chemical spicy notes of eugenol or isoeugenol. (fragrance.org)
Rosemary Leaf Water, Alcohol Denatured, Water, Glycerin, Lemon Peel Oil, Butylene Glycol, Pentylene Glycol, Cupressus Sempervirens Leaf/Nut/Stem Oil, Fragrance, Melaleuca Leucadendron Cajaput Oil, Rosemary Leaf Oil, Sage Oil, Saw Palmetto Fruit Extract, Malus Domestica Fruit Cell Culture Extract, Limonene, Ylang Ylang Flower Oil, Shiitake Extract, Grape Seed Extract, Linalool, Isoeugenol, Geraniol, Eugenol, Farnesol, Benzyl Benzoate, Xanthan Gum, Glycoprotein, Methylsilanol, Geramannuronate, Acetyl Tetrapeptide 2, Dextran, Potassium Sorbate, Sodium Benzoate, Sorbic Acid. (Phytolium serum ingredients)

ایزولات = Isolates
isolates = ایزولات

ISOLATES: Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. (fragrance.org)
SPECIALTIES: Natural oils, natural isolates or synthetics, either alone or in combination, which are used as building blocks for fragrance compounds. They are less complex than a finished fragrance compound. They may be an end-product of special processing treatments or unique raw materials. A single company under a trade name usually supplies them. (fragrance.org)
ISOLATES, Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. = ایزولات ها: مواد شیمیایی كه تركیبات طبیعی جداسازی شدند.

برگ دار = Leafy
leafy = برگ دار

میکرو کپسوله = Micro-Encapsulation
micro-encapsulation = میکرو کپسوله

MICRO-ENCAPSULATION: A method of incorporating thin-walled, microscopic capsules containing fragrance oils into a solid substance (fragrance advertising inserts, capsules, blotters, paper, etc.). (fragrance.org)

باتلاقی = Mossy
mossy = باتلاقی
MOSSY, The odor suggestive of the aromatic lichens, and mosses, primarily oak moss and tree moss; reminiscent of forest depths. = خزه ای: بویی كه شبیه مواد معطر لیتن ها، خزه ها مثل خزه بلوط است. یادآور اعماق جنگل.

روغن شکوفه پرتقال = Neroli Oil
neroli oil = روغن شکوفه پرتقال

CITRUS AURANTIUM — Neroli Oil. Oil distilled from the blos- soms of the bitter orange tree. Its antibacterial and balancing prop- er ties make it a good addition to skin care products. (INCI dictionary)
NEROLI OIL: Neroli essential oil is extracted from the fragrant blossoms of the bitter orange tree and has a beautiful aroma that appeals to men and women alike. In common with rose and jasmine, neroli oil is almost a complete fragrance in itself and forms the heart of one of the worlds most enduring perfumes, ‘Eau de Cologne’. (fragrance.org)
NEROLI OIL, Neroli essential oil is extracted from the fragrant blossoms of the bitter orange tree and has a beautiful aroma that appeals to men and women alike. In common with rose and jasmine, neroli oil is almost a complete fragrance in itself and forms the heart of one of the worlds most enduring perfumes, ‘Eau de Cologne’. = روغن نرولی: روغنی كه از شكوفه معطر پرتقال تلخ به دست می آید.

نوت = Note
nanotechnology = نانو تکنولوژی، فناوری های برپایه نانو، فناوری که در آن ابعاد کمتر از 100 نانومتر مد نظر است، شاخه ای از مهندسی که با اشیای کوچکتر از 100 نانومتر درگیر است.
fecal notes = نوت های مدفوعی، موادی که در حالت غلیظ بوی مدفوع می دهند اما در حالت رقیق شده خوشبو هستند.
Middle note = رایحه میانی، نت میانی، میان رایحه، بخش میانی و اصلی رایحه عطر
Base note = نت پایه ای، سنگین ترین بخش رایحه یک عطر
Top note = پیش رایح، رایحه فوقانی، نت بالایی عطر
top notes, middle noses and base notes = رایحه فوقانی، میانی و پایه ای عطر
Monoterpenes = مونوترپن
note = نوت
ACCORD, The basic character of a fragrance. Perfume accords are a balanced blend of three or four notes which create a completely new, unified odor impression. = آكورد، كاراكتر ویژه یك عطر. آكوردهای عطر مخلوط متعادل شده‌ای از سه تا چهار نوت هستند كه یك بوی كاملاً جدید و یكنواخت شده ایجاد می‌کنند و با هم به تعادل رسیده‌اند.
ALDEHYDES, Aldehydes are an essential class of perfume ingredients that impart a vivid top note to the perfume. Aldehydes were first successfully incorporated into a perfume by Ernest Beaux in 1921 in Chanel No 5. = آلدهیدها، آلدهیدها دسته خاصی از تركیبات عطری هستند كه به نوت فوقانی عطر عمق می‌بخشند. آلدهیدها برای اولین بار توسط اِرنست بو در سال 1921 در شانل شماره 5 به صورت موفقیت‌آمیز استفاده شدند.
BASE NOTES, The base notes or “fond” (meaning “bottom” in French) are the underlying, most enduring tones. They are responsible for a fragrance’s lasting qualities. = نوت پایه: نوت پایه یا فوندانسیون به معنای انتها در فرانسه به معنای نوت زمینه ای و انتهایی است. این نوتها موجب ماندگاری عطر می شود.
CITRUS, Odors from citrus fruits such as orange, lemon, lime, mandarin and bergamot which give fresh, fruity top notes used especially in eau fraiche, classical and men’s colognes. = سیتروس: بوهایی كه از میوه های مركبات مثل پرتقال، لیمو، لیموترش، ماندارین و برگاموت بدست می آید و رایحه فوقانی تازه و میوه ای دارد. در ادكلن های كلاسیك مردانه استفاده می شود.
COUMARIN, A chemical compound with a sweet, distinctive vanilla-like odor with grassy elements. Found naturally in some plants, it may also be produced synthetically. It is used by perfumers as a base note to add warmth and depth. = كومارین: ماده ای شیمیایی با رایحه شیرین و شبیه وانیل. از كومارین به عنوان نوت پایه در فرمولاسیون عطر اضافه می شود تا به آن گرما و عمق ببخشد.
DRY DOWN, The final phase of a fragrance – the character which appears several hours after application. Perfumers evaluate the base notes and the tenacity of the fragrance during this stage. = فاز انتهایی عطر ویژگی كه چند ساعت بعد از استفاده باقی می ماند.
FLORAL, Fragrance family or type; either characteristic of a specific flower or a blend of several flower notes. = فلورال یا گلی: خانواده عطرها كه بوی گل خاص یا تركیبی از نوت های گلی را دارد.
FOUGÈRE, The French word for “fern.” Fougère fragrances depend on aromatic chemicals to produce the fern-like notes that combine well with lavender, citrus and coumarin in fragrances for men. = فوژه: لغت فرانسوی فِرن یا سرخس. عطریات فوژه مواد شیمایی آروماتیك برای تولید نوت های سرخس مانند هستند كه از آمیزش لاوندر، سیتروس، كومارین به دست می آید.
FUNGAL, Odors suggestive of molds, mushrooms and fungi; important note in muguet fragrances as well as other florals. = فانگال: عطرهایی كه بوی قارچ و كپك دارند. نوت حائز اهمیت در عطرهای موگه
TENACITY, The ability of a perfume to last, or a fragrance note to retain its characteristic odor. = ماندگاری یك عطر یا توانایی آن برای نگهداری ویژگی خاص خود
TONALITY, Dominant note or theme of a fragrance. = تونالیه : به نوت غالب یك عطر گفته می شود.

خستگی بویایی = Odor Fatigue
odor fatigue = خستگی بویایی

ODOR FATIGUE: Odor fatigue results from overlong exposure to an odor, or from smelling too many fragrances at one time. The nose can no longer discern any particular smell. (fragrance.org)

حافظه بویایی = Odor Memory
odor memory = حافظه بویایی

ODOR MEMORY: The ability of a perfumer to hold, and bring to recall, hundreds of single perfume odors and odor blends. (fragrance.org)

بد بو = Odoriferous
odoriferous = بد بو

ODORIFEROUS: Emitting an odor. (fragrance.org)
RECEPTOR CELL: Located in the olfactory epithelium, each cell has microscopic hairs (cilia) extending into the mucus. Odoriferous substances are thought to bind chemically to specific sites on these cilia. This chemical event is translated into an electrical message that is transmitted along the olfactory nerves to the olfactory bulb. (fragrance.org)

پیاز بویایی = Olfactory Bulb
olfactory glomerulus = synapse = spherical structure located in the olfactory bulb of the brain = ساختار کروی در داخل پیاز بویایی مغز که رشته های عصبی اولیه را به رشته های عصبی ثانویه پیوند می دهد (هم آیه می کند).

olfactory bulb = پیاز بویایی

OLFACTORY BULB: The first region of the brain to receive sensory inputs from the olfactory epithelium. The olfactory bulb presents the initial input and communicates via multiple pathways with numerous other regions of the brain, e.g. limbic system, hypothalamus and cortex. (fragrance.org)
RECEPTOR CELL: Located in the olfactory epithelium, each cell has microscopic hairs (cilia) extending into the mucus. Odoriferous substances are thought to bind chemically to specific sites on these cilia. This chemical event is translated into an electrical message that is transmitted along the olfactory nerves to the olfactory bulb. (fragrance.org)

اپیتلیوم بویایی = Olfactory Epithelium
olfactory epithelium = اپیتلیوم بویایی

OLFACTORY BULB: The first region of the brain to receive sensory inputs from the olfactory epithelium. The olfactory bulb presents the initial input and communicates via multiple pathways with numerous other regions of the brain, e.g. limbic system, hypothalamus and cortex. (fragrance.org)
OLFACTORY EPITHELIUM: Layer of sensory cells in the upper-rear portion of the nose. Each side of the nose contains roughly 15 million sensory cells in the epithelium. (fragrance.org)
RECEPTOR CELL: Located in the olfactory epithelium, each cell has microscopic hairs (cilia) extending into the mucus. Odoriferous substances are thought to bind chemically to specific sites on these cilia. This chemical event is translated into an electrical message that is transmitted along the olfactory nerves to the olfactory bulb. (fragrance.org)
RETRONASAL OLFACTION: Stimulation of the olfactory receptor cells by chemicals that originate in our mouth (most often during eating) and travel to the olfactory epithelium via the nasopharynx during exhalation. (fragrance.org)

پالت عطرساز = Perfumer’S Palette
perfumer’s palette = پالت عطرساز

PERFUMER’S PALETTE: The range of perfume ingredients from which a perfumer selects to use in the formulation of a perfume. There are 3400 raw materials available to perfumers – 400 naturals and 3000 synthetics. (fragrance.org)

فرومون = Pheromone
pheromone = فرومون

PHEROMONE: Chemical substance secreted by animals to produce a response by other members of the same species. (fragrance.org)

پماد ها = Pomades
pomades = پماد ها

MACERATION: Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. (fragrance.org)
POMADES: Combination of purified fats and flower oils produced by the enfleurage and maceration processes. Pomades are found in the form of an oily and sticky solid. (fragrance.org)
MACERATION, Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. = ماسیراسیون: روشی است كه در آن گلها را وارد روغن داغ می كنند سپس پماد به دست آمده را با الكل می شویند.

پروفایل = Profile
imparts an appealing sensory profile = با ویژگی های لمسی جذاب

safety profile = پروفایل ایمنی 

profile = پروفایل

APHANIZOMENON FLOS AQUAE — Blue Green Algae. Made up of 50% to 70% utilizable protein, blue green algae is an excellent food, used for thousands of years for its mild taste and easily assimilated nutrients. A good source of enzymes, minerals, trace minerals and antioxidants, its amino acid profile is virtually identical to that of humans, which makes it more readily absorbed by the skin. Used in hair care products for its protein content, it helps revitalize and condition dull, damaged hair. (INCI dictionary)
PROFILE: A perfume or perfumed product profile is a description of the fragrance prepared by a marketer, which is given to a perfumer for inspiration and formulation. The profile contains all pertinent details in relation to marketing the new fragrance plan, type, name, package, color/theme, mood, impression, cost parameters, etc. (fragrance.org)

رزینوئید = Resinoid
resinoid = رزینوئید

RESINOIDS: Extracts of gums, balsams, resins or roots (orris), which consist in whole or in part of resinous materials. They are generally used as fixatives in perfume compositions. (fragrance.org)

تکنسین رنگ مو = Colorist
Colorist = تکنسین رنگ مو

Colorist: A colorist is a person that has been trained (usually an advanced color course) in all aspects of hair coloring and hair chemical science- meaning they have a thorough understanding and knowledge of how and why hair color works. A colorist generally does the color consulting and sometimes application work for all salon clients, leaving cutting and styling to other members of the team. (thehairstyler.com)
Color Shade: A hair color shade is a color and numbering system that is used by hair colorists to determine a person's natural level of neutral color. This system mostly starts at number 1 (black) and finishes at 10 (blonde). This information is very important as color types and/or techniques are dependent on the hair's initial color shade. (thehairstyler.com)
Hair Color Swatch: A hair color swatch is a small clump of hair that has been colored to a particular shade and reflect (tone) and then placed in a color chart with other swatches so that hair colorists and their clients can visualize hair color changes. Note: the color you see is not necessarily what you get! (thehairstyler.com)
Natural Hair Color: Natural hair color is a person's original hair color; in other words, excluding any artificial colors, highlights, or chemicals that can coat the hair (such as chlorine that makes the hair look green). Your natural hair color does take into account any natural bleaching that is caused by the sun. Natural hair color is an important thing for a colorist to take into consideration as each natural hair color reacts differently to artificial color. (thehairstyler.com)
Tints: Tinting is the process of mixing artificial color with a developer and applying it to the hair, causing permanent color change. The tint itself is made up of color molecules that go into the cortex and, with a little help from the peroxide activator, redeposits color after de-colorization has occurred. Tinting is a permanent process that requires careful thought and planning from a qualified colorist that understands the boundaries of what is achievable and best for your hair. (thehairstyler.com)

رنگ های شبه دائمی = Demi-Permanent Color
Demi-Permanent Color = رنگ های شبه دائمی

Demi-Permanent Color: A demi-permanent is a wash-out color that lasts around 20-25 shampoos. Demi-permanents do have low levels of hydrogen peroxide in them to open the cuticle and allow the color inside the hair shaft. This type of color is great for going darker, brighter, adding shine and for hiding and blending small amounts of grey. However, although demi-permanents will not lighten hair like permanent color, caution should taken because with prolonged use color build up in the hair results in the color not washing away, making it permanent in nature and leading to regrowth problems. (thehairstyler.com)

استیک رنگ مو = Hair Color Sticks
Hair Color Sticks = استیک رنگ مو

Hair Color Sticks: Hair color sticks are temporary colors used- when people need a quick fix- to touch up exposed roots, or to create highlights of different colors. The stick is similar to mascara, and color is painted directly onto dry hair with a small brush. It's a somewhat sloppy process and can dry stiff. Watch out too for moisture because the color can run off the hair and onto your clothing. (thehairstyler.com)

سواچ رنگ مو = Hair Color Swatch
Hair Color Swatch = سواچ رنگ مو

Hair Color Swatch: A hair color swatch is a small clump of hair that has been colored to a particular shade and reflect (tone) and then placed in a color chart with other swatches so that hair colorists and their clients can visualize hair color changes. Note: the color you see is not necessarily what you get! (thehairstyler.com)

رنگ حنا = Henna Color
Henna Color = رنگ حنا

Henna Color: Henna is a plant that contains a deep red dye used as a natural form of hair coloring. The active component in henna is lawsone, which binds itself to keratin (human hair protein) and washes away after several months- making it a semi-permanent color. Variations to the deep red color can be found as a result of mixing ingredients from other plants and vegetables, and even synthetic dyes. Sometimes, however, these synthetic dyes can cause some damage to the hair shaft. You need to be aware of how using henna can cause problems later when trying to perm or perform other chemical procedures on the hair. (thehairstyler.com)

رنگ موی دائمی = Permanent Hair Color, Permanent Dye
Permanent Hair Color, permanent dye = رنگ موی دائمی

رنگ موی نیمه دائمی = Semi-Permanent Hair Color
Semi-Permanent Hair Color = رنگ موی نیمه دائمی

Semi-Permanent Hair Color: Semi-permanent hair color is a color formula that deposits itself mainly on the cuticle layer of the hair, but it will also penetrate deeper into the cortex. This type of color cannot lighten hair and is generally used to add depth, change color tone, brighten the hair and camouflage small amounts of grey. The color fades away with each shampoo, meaning it lasts between 6-8 shampoos, and it can be found in various forms including, mousses, gels, crèmes and liquids. (thehairstyler.com)

تینت = Tints
Tints = تینت

رنگ = Dye
indo dyes = رنگ موی پلیمری ایجاد شده در اثر پلیمریزاسیون مونومرهای رنگ مو
Fashion dyes = رنگ موهای فشن و فانتزی
semi-permanent dye = رنگ موهای شبه دائمی
azo acid dyes = رنگ های اسیدی آزو
dye precursors = ماده پیش ساز رنگ
permanent dye = رنگ موهای دائمی
acidic dye = رنگ موهای اسیدی
permanent dyes = رنگ موهای دائمی
temporary dye = رنگ موهای موقتی
dye couplers = جفت کننده رنگ
Permanent Hair Color, permanent dye = رنگ موی دائمی
Temporary Hair Color, temporary dye = رنگ موی موقتی
swatch dyeing test = تست رنگ سواچ
Dye mass = جرم رنگ مو
dyeing = رنگ کردن
dye = رنگ

عصاره = Extract
carbon dioxide extraction = استخراج با دی اکسید کربن، کربن دی اکسید سوپرکریتیکال یا فوق بحرانی، حالت مایع دی اکسید کربن است که در آن، دما و فشار بیش از نقطه بحرانی می باشد. دی اکسید کربن فوق بحرانی یک حلال صنعتی است که در استخراج مواد شیمیایی نقش دارد و به علت سمیت کم و عدم داشتن اثرات سوء برای محیط زیست محبوبیت دارد.

solvent extraction, Liquid–liquid extraction also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water and an organic solvent. = استخراج با حلال یا استخراج مایع مایع که به آن پارتیشنینگ نیز می گویند، روشی برای جداسازی ترکیبات بر مبنای حلالیت نسبی آن ها به دو فاز مایع غیر قابل امتزاج (معمولا آب و فاز حلال ارگانیک) می باشد

extract = عصاره، در نقش فعل به معنای استخراج کردن عصاره

SEQUESTRANTS — Chelating agents that act by binding to and removing metal ions (such as calcium, magnesium and iron) and nonmetal ions (such as chlorine and salt) from hard water, causing hair to be cleansed and rinsed more thoroughly. Sequestrants also help minimize discoloration of natural and color-treated hair that might normally be altered by pool and salt water or excessive perspiration. Examples: rice extract, citric acid, kelp extract, alginate. (INCI dictionary) 
سيكوئسترانت ها: مواد شلات كننده كه با مکانیزم اتصال، يون هاي فلزي مثل كلسيم، منيزيم و آهن و همچنين يون هاي غيرفلزي مثل نمك و كلر را از آب سخت حذف مي كند. موجب تميز شدن موها و آبكشي كامل تر مو مي شود. سيكوئسترانت ها تغيير رنگ موي رنگ شده و موي طبيعي را كاهش مي دهند. اين تغيير رنگ مي تواند در اثر نمك آب يا كلر استخر به وجود بيايد. مثال ها: عصاره برنج، سيتريك اسيد، عصاره كِلپ (نوعي جلبك دريايي قهوه اي)، آلژينات (نمك آلژينيك اسيد)
TONICS — Herbal extracts that soothe, clarify, stimulate or otherwise improve the condition of the skin, hair and scalp. These are typically extracted in vegetable glycerin, water or natural grain alcohol, or added as essential oils. Examples: horsetail, nettle, ginseng, chamomile. (INCI dictionary) 
تونيك ها: عصاره هاي گياهي كه تسكين دهنده، شفاف كننده، تحريك كننده و بهبوددهنده وضعيت پوست، مو و پوست سر مي باشد. تونيك ها معمولاً در گليسيرين گياهي، آب يا الكل هاي حاصل از دانه هاي طبيعي استخراج مي شوند يا به عنوان اسانس هاي روغني اضافه مي شود. مثال ها: دم اسبي، گزنه، جينسنگ، بابونه.
ABIES SIBIRICA — Fir Oil, Siberian Pine Needle Oil. Aromatic extract with antimicrobial and tonic proper ties. An excellent addition to facial cleansers and natural deodorants. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary) 
شاه درخت سيبريايي يا آبیس سيبريكا يك گياه هميشه سبز از خانواده مخروطيان: روغن شاه درخت سيبريايي، روغن كاج سوزني سيبريايي. عصاره آروماتيك با خواص ضدميكروبي و تونيك. براي اضافه كردن به پاك كننده هاي صورت و دئودورانت هاي طبيعي. غالباً به عنوان عطر و اسانس استفاده مي شود.
ACHILLEA MILLEFOLIUM — Yarrow. Extract from the flower heads of this ancient herbal, a known anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant. Adds sheen to the hair and has a firming action on the skin. (INCI dictionary) 
بومادران: عصاره گل بومادران يك داروي گياهي است كه داراي خاصيت ضدالتهابي و ضدتحريك مي باشد. به مو درخشش بخشيده و پوست را محكم مي كند.
ALGAE EXTRACT — A blend of different varieties of red algae, this powerful nutrient is rich in amino acids, antioxidant vitamin C and vitamin B-12. (INCI dictionary) 
عصاره جلبك: آميزه اي از انواع مختلف جلبك هاي قرمز، غني از اسيدهاي آمينه، آنتي اكسيدان، ويتامين C و ويتامين ب 12.
ARCTIUM LAPPA ROOT EXTRACT — Burdock. Antiseptic and antibacterial used topically to calm certain skin conditions. Its oil extract smoothes and revitalizes the hair and tones and soothes the scalp. An excellent ingredient in conditioners, anti-frizz hair care products and styling aids for coarse, curly, hard-to-handle hair. (INCI dictionary)
ARNICA MONTANA — Arnica Oil. Herbal extract used in hair tonics and massage preparations for its nourishing and anti-inflammatory proper ties. Combined with vitamin E, it is an excellent natural deodorant. (INCI dictionary)
AUBREY’S PRESERVATIVE — Natural preservative blend composed of grapefruit extract and antioxidant-rich vitamins A, C and E. This preservative extends the life of products by no less than one year and sometimes as much as three years, depending on the product. (INCI dictionary)
AVENA SATIVA STRAW EXTRACT — Oat Straw. Anti-irritant and softening agent, rich in silica. Used in hair products to improve hair texture and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
BETA VULGARIS — Beet Root Extract. Rich in polysaccharides, this powerful humectant is clinically proven to boost the skin’s natural moisturizing factor, forming a film on the skin that actually locks moisture in for up to 8 hours. Phytonutrients enhance cell renewal and a high antioxidant content protects skin from free radical damage. The extract or juice of beets is also sometimes used as a natural red color in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary) 
عصاره ريشه چغندر: غني از پلي ساكاريدها: ماده هيومكتانت يا جاذب الرطوبه قدرتمند كه به صورت كلينيكي اثبات شده كه مي تواند فاكتورهاي مرطوب كننده پوست را تقويت كند. لايه اي روي پوست تشكيل مي دهد كه رطوبت را براي 8 ساعت روي پوست نگه مي دارد. مواد مغذي موجود در چغندر نوسازي سلولي را افزايش داده و محتواي بالاي آنتي اكسيدان آن از پوست در برابر آسيب هاي ناشي از راديكال هاي آزاد محافظت مي كند. عصاره يا شيره چغندر گاهي به عنوان رنگ قرمز طبيعي در محصولات کازمتیک استفاده مي شود.
BETA-CAROTENE — Orange or red compounds, precursors to vitamin A, which occur naturally in plants. Essential for skin health. (See also Daucus carota sativa root extract.) (INCI dictionary)
BETULA ALBA — White Birch Extract. Powdered extract from the bark of the birch tree, known for its soothing and purifying effect on the skin. Herbalists use it in the treatment of many skin dis- orders. An excellent addition to sun care products and face creams. (INCI dictionary)
BIXA ORELLANA — Annatto, Bixane Herb. The waxy extract from a South American shrub, used as a natural color. Annatto is reddish-brown in color, but when mixed with an acid becomes a deep red. (INCI dictionary)
BORAGO OFFICINALIS SEED OIL — Borage Oil. Nutrient- dense oil high in rare gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), also found in human breast milk. An anti-inflammatory and soothing agent, very beneficial for some dry skin conditions. Combined with Rosa Mosqueta® (Rosa rubiginosa) oil and alfalfa extract (Medicago sativa), borage oil is an excellent ingredient for dry or mature skin preparations. (INCI dictionary)
CAMELLIA SINENSIS OIL , CAMELLIA JAPONICA OIL — White Camellia Oil. Rich oil extracted from the white camellia flower, cul- tivated in the villages of China and Japan and used in hair and skin care formulations for thousands of years. A superb moisturizer and nutrient for hair and skin, it has antioxidant proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
CAMELLIA SINENSIS LEAF EXTRACT, LEAF POWDER Green Tea. The benefits of green tea to the skin have been widely documented. This powerful antioxidant (20 times stronger than vi- tamin E) inhibits the formation of cancer-causing free radicals and helps prevent skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pol- lution. An impor tant ingredient in sun care products, as well as in creams, lotions, shampoos and conditioners. An anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant, it is high in xanthines, very soothing and moisturiz- ing to both hair and skin. Powdered Matcha green tea from Japan is the finest. (INCI dictionary)
CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS FRUIT EXTRACT — Cayenne Pepper Extract. Its active ingredient, capsaicin (the chemical responsible for making peppers hot) is a powerful analgesic that works by blocking the activity of substance P, responsible for the transmission of pain impulses in the body. An excellent anti-inflammatory and warming agent, used in massage lotions and liniments to soothe tight, overworked muscles and tension. (INCI dictionary)
CITRIC ACID — Extract from citrus fruits used as a natural pH adjuster in cosmetics.Added to shampoos, it acts as a chelating agent, binding to chlorine and iron (from hard water) and removing them from the hair. (INCI dictionary) 
سيتريك اسيد: عصاره به دست آمده از ميوه هاي مركبات كه براي تنظيم pH به محصولات كازمتيك اضافه مي شود. از سيتريك اسيد در شامپو به عنوان شلات كننده براي اتصال كلر و آهن و خارج كردن آن از آب سخت استفاده مي شود. به اين ترتيب اين مواد روي موها رسوب نمي كند.
CITRULLUS LANATUS — Watermelon Extract. Used in skin care for its moisturizing effect and as a defense against UV damage to the skin’s DNA. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS AURANTIFOLIA — Lime Oil. Essential oil extracted from the peel of the fruit. A natural antiseptic and tonic, often used as a scent. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS GRANDIS — Grapefruit Oil. An essential oil extracted from the peel of the fruit. Used in creams and lotions for its astrin- gent and skin-freshening proper ties. Sometimes used as a fragrance. CITRUS GRANDIS EXTRACT — Grapefruit Extract. Shown tohave antifungal, antimicrobial and antiviral proper ties. Combined with antioxidant vitamins, it makes an effective plant-based preservative. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS PARADISI — Grapefruit Oil. An essential oil extracted from the peel of the fruit. Used in creams and lotions for its astringent and skin-freshening proper ies. Sometimes used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن گريپ فورت يا روغن سيتروس پاراديسي: اسانس روغني استخراج شده از پوست ميوه گريپ فورت در كرمها و لوسيون ها به علت خاصيت قابض و طراوت دهنده پوست استفاده مي شود. گاهي به عنوان ماده معطر در عطرسازي استفاده مي شود.
CLEMATIS VITALBA LEAF EXTRACT — Clematis. Applied topi- cally, this herb has anti-inflammatory proper ties and a soothing effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
CORTHELLUS SHIITAKE — Shiitake Mushroom Extract. Anti- inflammator y and anti-irritant. Calms and hydrates skin and helps promote skin cell health. Contains kojic acid, which can have a brightening effect on age spots and other imperfections. (INCI dictionary)
CUCUMIS SATIVUS FRUIT EXTRACT — Cucumber. Used in face creams, lotions and cleansers for its astringent, soothing and cooling proper ties. Rich in antioxidant vitamin C, an excellent pro- tector and skin nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
CYAMOPSIS TETRAGONOLOBA — Guar Gum. Extract from the guar bean, used as a thickener and emulsifier in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
DAUCUS CAROTA SATIVA ROOT EXTRACT — Carrot Oil. The seeds of carrots yield an essential oil rich in beta carotene, orange or red compounds that are precursors to vitamin A and occur naturally in plants. Also high in vitamin E, carrot oil promotes skin cell regeneration and stimulates the production of sebum in dry scalp and skin. Its high antioxidant content makes it an excellent natural preservative in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
ECHINACEA ANGUSTIFOLIA, ECHINACEA PURPUREA — Echinacea, Coneflower. Two varieties of this versatile herb are used both internally and externally in folk medicine as natural antibiotics to treat a variety of ills. A number of studies have pointed to its antibacterial and antifungal proper ties. Its root extract is used in cell therapy and anti-wrinkle creams as a hydrator and firming agent. (INCI dictionary)
EGG OIL — The extract from whole eggs, rich in natural emulsifiers. An excellent emollient and humectant featured in shampoos, rinses and conditioners for dry or damaged hair. In skin care products, it improves texture and soothes and hydrates without clogging pores. (INCI dictionary)
ESSENTIAL OILS — Volatile liquids extracted from plant materials by steam distillation or expression, which contain the characteristic plant aroma. Unlike fixed plant oils (such as olive oil), essential oils evaporate at room temperature and do not leave an oily residue on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
EVERNIA PRUNASTRI — Oakmoss. The extract from a lichen that grows on oak trees, used as a fixative in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
FATTY ACID ESTERS — Waxes derived from plants or animals, which are less greasy than fatty acid extracts. Jojoba (Simondsia chinensis) and lanolin are examples of fatty acid esters. Used in absorption bases, and as emulsifiers in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary) 
استر اسيدهاي چرب: واكس هايي كه از گياهان و حيوانات استخراج شده اند. از اسيدهاي چرب خاصيت چسبندگي كمتري دارد. جوجوبا و لانولين مثال هايي از استرهاي اسيد چرب هستند. از اين تركيبات به عنوان امولسيون ساز در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي استفاده مي شود.
FIR OIL — Abies sibirica. Aromatic extract with antimicrobial and tonic proper ties. An excellent addition to facial cleansers and natural deodorants. Often used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
FUCUS VESICULOSUS EXTRACT — Bladderwrack. Seaweed rich in alginic acid, amino acids, polysaccharides, minerals and vitamins. Its essential oil is a stimulant and tonic. It is often used in massage lotions and some hair and scalp care products. (INCI dictionary)
GALACTOARABINAN — A polysaccharide extracted from the larch tree. In sun care products, it improves the SPF of sunscreens by reducing par ticle size of ingredients, increasing their ability to disperse onto the skin. Has antioxidant proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
GINKGO BILOBA — Ginkgo Leaf Extract. Ancient Chinese herbal used in preparations to combat the effects of aging since 2,800 B.C. An anti-inflammatory and antiallergenic, very soothing to the skin and scalp. Combined with fumitor y in hair care prod- ucts, it increases the hair’s ability to absorb nutrients and improves scalp circulation. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERIN — Vegetable Glycerin. Rich humectant, emollient and lubricant naturally extracted from vegetable oils, used in cosmetic formulations for thousands of years. (Synthetic glycerin, otherwise known as propylene glycol, is highly irritating to the skin and scalp and should be avoided.) (INCI dictionary)
HELIANTHUS ANNUUS — Sunflower Oil. The extract from sunflower seeds, a rich emollient high in linoleic and oleic essential fatty acids. A good base for massage oils and lotions. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED RHODOPHYCEA — Red Algae Extract. See Algae extract. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED SWEET ALMOND PROTEIN — Protein naturally extracted from almonds, an excellent hair conditioner and nutrient. See also Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein. (INCI dictionary)
JUGLANS REGIA EXTRACT — Walnut Extract. Tonic and astringent, very beneficial to the skin and scalp. Also used as a temporary brown hair color, often in combination with henna. (INCI dictionary)
LAWSONIA INERMIS ALBA — Henna Extract. A staple in sham- poos and hair rinses for thousands of years for its coloring and/or con- ditioning properties. In its most common form, it is used to impar t red or reddish-brown tones to the hair. Non-coloring (neutral) henna adds body and highlights without altering hair color. (INCI dictionary)
LECITHIN — A vegetable extract high in natural fatty acids. Most common sources are soybean oil and eggs. (See also Phospholipids.) (INCI dictionary)
LINUM USITATISSIMUM EXTRACT — Flaxseed Lignans. Phytonutrients found in flaxseeds, known for their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and oil-balancing proper ties on the skin. Clini- cal tests show that, applied twice daily, flax lignans decrease sebum production by as much as 20% after 28 days. Used in skin care for- mulations to prevent acne and clogged pores and reduce ingrown hairs and skin bumps caused by shaving. (INCI dictionary)
MAGNOLIA BIONDII — Magnolia Blossom Extract. Natural ton- ic and anti-irritant added to face creams for its slight bleaching effect on the skin. Sometimes used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT CELL CULTURE EXTRACT — Apple Stem Cells. Harvested from a variety of Swiss apples, Uttwil- er Spatlauber, known for their longevity and ability to stay fresh for months, apple stem cells are used in skin care formulations for their anti-aging proper ties. Recent science has also discovered their pow- erful beneficial effect on the hair. Rich in phytonutrients and plant proteins, they nourish and suppor t hair follicles to encourage growth and help maintain hair health. (INCI dictionary)
MEDICAGO SATIVA — Alfalfa Extract. Natural cleanser and mild exfoliant high in vitamins A, B, C, D and E, and minerals. Used in face masks, bath oils, creams, and lotions, alfalfa is also rich in protein, which makes it an excellent ingredient for hair care products. Contains saponins (natural foaming agents). (INCI dictionary)
MELISSA OFFICINALIS — Balm Mint. Very mild extract, ideal for sensitive skin and skin prone to rashes and other allergic reactions. An anti-irritant and sedative, it soothes and calms the skin and scalp and promotes healing. (INCI dictionary)
MORUS ALBA — Morus Root. Extract of mulberry root bark, with anti-inflammator y and humectant proper ties. The Chinese use it for its whitening and smoothing effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
MYRTUS COMMUNIS — Myrtle Herb Extract. Aromatic stimulant and mild tonic sometimes used in suncare products for its soothing effect on sun-irritated skin. (INCI dictionary)
NATURAL FLOWER OIL — Oil extracted from flowers and used in synthetic-free perfumes and colognes. A natural fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
OLEA EUROPAEA LEAF EXTRACT — Olive Leaf Extract. Used for its antibacterial proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
ORYZA SATIVA EXTRACT — Rice Extract. Natur al che- lating agent added to shampoos to improve r inseability by binding to iron (from hard water) and chlor ine and remov- ing them from the hair. Also used as an emulsifier and hu- mectant. (INCI dictionary)
PANAX GINSENG ROOT EXTRACT — Ginseng Root. One of the most prized herbs in China. A stimulant and tonic used in facial masks, lotions and overnight creams, it is also an effective ingredient in hair care products for its conditioning properties. Contains saponins. (INCI dictionary)
PARIETARIA OFFICINALIS — Pellitory-of-the-Wall. Herbal extract known for its emollient and astringent effects. It is sometimes combined with the mallows elder and arnica in natural moisturizers. (INCI dictionary)
PINUS STROBUS BARK EXTRACT — White Pine Bark. Native Americans used this soothing extract in preparations for dry scalp and skin conditions long before coal tar and other petrochemicals were ever used. (INCI dictionary)
PINUS SYLVESTRIS EXTRACT — Pine Needle Extract. The ex- tract of pine-tree leaves, often blended with witch hazel, red vine and other herbals for its tonic, antiseptic and stimulating effect on the skin. Combined with hops, rosemar y and horsetail, it makes an excellent addition to celltherapy moisturizers. (INCI dictionary)
POLYPODIUM LEUCOTOMOS — Calaguala Fern Extract. Used by Mayan Indians in skin and scalp preparations as far back as 350 B.C., this soothing herbal smoothes and conditions the skin and helps clear and tone the scalp and remove buildup. A superb addition to preparations for dry skin and scalp conditions. (INCI dictionary)
POPULUS TREMULOIDES — Aspen Bark Extract. A natural an- timicrobial, high in salicylates, which act as the plant’s natural defense mechanism. Has a smoothing effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
PUNICA GRANATUM — Pomegranate Extract. A potent antioxidant and nutrient. Helps suppor ts skin cell regeneration. (INCI dictionary)
PYRUS MALUS — Apple Oil. Extracted from the peel of apples and combined with the juice from the pulp. Contains malic acid, an antioxidant and natural pH adjuster. Has a pleasant fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
QUERCUS ALBA — White Oak Bark Extract. Natural astringent. Its anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant proper ties make it beneficial for some skin and scalp conditions. (INCI dictionary)
RAPHANUS SATIVUS — Radish Extract. Antibacterial and astrin- gent. Sometimes used as a natural color. (INCI dictionary)
RIBES NIGRUM — Black Currant Extract. A source of natural fruit acids used in face masks and lotions to encourage a faster turnover of skin cells. (See also Fruit Acids.) (INCI dictionary)
RUBUS IDAEUS — Raspberry Fruit Extract. Antioxidant and astringent. Protects and tones the skin. (INCI dictionary)
SACCHARUM OFFICINARUM — Sugar Cane Extract. A main source of glycolic acid, its mild exfoliating action helps remove dead skin cells and encourage new cell growth. An excellent addition to anti-aging products. (See also Fruit Acids.) Sometimes used as a natural scent. (INCI dictionary)
SALICYLIC ACID — The active ingredient in aspirin, a natural an- ti-inflammatory and exfoliant used in the treatment of acne and preparations for oily skin. Applied topically, it penetrates the fol- licle and encourages the shedding of dead skin cells from within, breaking up oil deposits and debris that can cause blocked pores and blemishes. Natural sources of salicylic acid include willow bark extract (Salix nigra) and wintergreen oil (Gaultheria procumbens). (INCI dictionary)
SECALE CEREALE SEED EXTRACT — Rye Seed Extract. The highly purified extract from r ye seeds. An excellent ingredient in face creams and anti-aging formulations, it provides a gradual and long-lasting firming action and visually smoother skin. Has been shown to significantly reduce the depth and appearance of wrin- kles and fine lines by 25% with twice daily use. (INCI dictionary)
SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEED OIL — Jojoba Oil, Jojoba Wax. Waxy oil extracted from the bean, which helps the jojoba des- ert plant retain water during the long summer drought. When used in cosmetic preparations, it not only acts as a humectant, but actually creates a protective film over the skin and hair shaft that helps seal in moisture. The oil is highly stable and very effective on dry skin, dam- aged hair and split ends. (INCI dictionary)
STYRAX BENZOIN EXTRACT — Benzoin Gum, Benzoin Bark. Natural antiseptic and astringent with antioxidant and preser vative proper ties. Promotes healthy skin and scalp. A tincture is used in dentistr y to treat inflammation of gums. (INCI dictionary)
STYRAX BENZOIN RESIN EXTRACT — Benzoin Oil. Antisep- tic, anti-inflammatory and astringent. Used in skin care products, it boosts elasticity and helps calm stressed skin. (INCI dictionary)
THEOBROMA CACAO SEED BUTTER — Cocoa Butter. The solid fat extracted from the seeds of the cacao plant.A rich emollient used in lipsticks, creams, soaps and sun care products for its moistur- izing and soothing proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
TILIA CORDATA — Linden Extract, Lime Tree. The extract from the flowers of the lime tree (also known as linden tree), which contains an essential oil, famesol, similar to aloe and chamomile. An emollient and soothing agent for the skin, also used in eye care for- mulations. (INCI dictionary)
TRITICUM VULGARE — Wheat Germ Oil. Extracted from the embryo of the wheat kernel. An anti-inflammatory and skin nourish- er that also acts as a natural preservative because of its high vitamin E content. (INCI dictionary)
VACCINIUM MYRTILLUS EXTRACT — Bilberry Fruit. Astrin- gent and tonic, the extract of the berries has been shown to in- crease capillar y strength. A source of natural fruit acids, used in facial masks and lotions to promote exfoliation and encourage a more rapid turnover of skin cells. (See also Fruit Acids.) Taken in- ternally, bilberr y is said to improve night vision and help prevent macular degeneration. (INCI dictionary)
VITAMINS A, C AND E — Their combined action, blended with grapefruit extract, makes an excellent natural preservative. (INCI dictionary)
VITIS VINIFERA EXTRACT — Grape Seed Extract. One of the most powerful antioxidants around, high in proanthocyani- dins, a group of bioflavonoids superior to most because they are water-soluble and much more easily assimilated by the body. A hard-working free radical scavenger, it prevents skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pollution. (INCI dictionary)
VITIS VINIFERA VINE EXTRACT — Red Vine. Extract from the leaves of the grape vine, known for its soothing, toning proper ties, and as an “anti-blotchiness” skin treatment. An anti-inflammatory, it helps reduce redness and irritation. High in antioxidant vitamin C, choline and inositol. (INCI dictionary)
Apple Stem Cells – Malus domestica fruit cell culture extract (INCI dictionary)
Beet Root Extract – Beta vulgaris Benzoin – Styrax benzoin Bergamot Mint – Mentha citrata Bergamot Oil – Citrus bergamia Bilberry Fruit – Vaccinium myr tillus (INCI dictionary)
Calaguala Fern Extract – Polypodium leucotomos (INCI dictionary)
Cayenne Pepper Extract – Capsicum frutescens (INCI dictionary)
Chestnut Extract – Castanea sativa (INCI dictionary)
Citrus Extract, Grapefruit Extract – Citrus grandis (INCI dictionary)
Grape Seed – Vitis vinifera Grapefruit Extract – Citrus grandis Grapefruit Oil – Citrus paradisi (INCI dictionary)
Green Tea – Camellia sinensis extract (INCI dictionary)
Mandarin, Red Mandarin – Citrus reticulata Mandarin Peel Extract – Citrus nobilis Mango Butter – Mangifera indica (INCI dictionary)
Myrtle Herb Extract – Myr tus communis (INCI dictionary)
Oat Straw – Avena sativa straw extract (INCI dictionary)
Olive Oil, Kernel Powder, Leaf Extract – Olea europaea (INCI dictionary)
Pine Needle Extract, Oil – Pinus sylvestris (INCI dictionary)
Raspberry Fruit Extract – Rubus idaeus (INCI dictionary)
Red Algae Extract – Algae Extract (INCI dictionary)
Rice Extract, Starch, Wax – Or yza sativa (INCI dictionary)
Rye Seed Extract – Secale cereale Safflower Oil – Car thamus tinctorius Sage Oil – Salvia officinalis Sandalwood Oil – Santalum album Sarsaparilla Root – Smilax utilis Sassafras – Sassafras officinale (INCI dictionary)
Shiitake Mushroom Extract – Cor thellus shiitake Siberian Pine Needle Oil, Fir Oil – Abies sibirica Skullcap – Scutellaria baicalensis (INCI dictionary)
Walnut Extract, Shells – Juglans regia Water, Deionized Water – Aqua Watercress – Nastur tium officinale Watermelon extract – Citrullus lanatus Wheat Germ Oil – Triticum vulgare Wheatgrass – Triticum aestivum (INCI dictionary)
White Birch Extract – Betula alba (INCI dictionary)
White Oak Bark Extract – Quercus alba (INCI dictionary)
ACAI BERRY EXTRACT: Ranks among the most powerful antioxidants in the natural antioxidant grading system developed by the National Institute on Aging in the National Institutes of Health. Especially effective in protecting against damage from UV radiation. Used in CSRx Antioxidant Defense Complex. (cellularskinrx.com)
ALBIZIA JULIBRISSIN BARK EXTRACT: This is a plant often called the Persian silk tree” or “mimosa.” Protects skin cells by producing melatonin. It works by improving respiration, ridding the skin of toxic glycogens, increasing cellular energy and reducing the formation of AGE pigments (cellularskinrx.com)
ASSA FOTETIDA ROOT EXTRACT: This root extract protects skin from UV light-derived free radicals that cause damage to skin cell DNA. These unstable molecules are the root cause of wrinkle formation, inflammation and skin sensitivity. (cellularskinrx.com)
BETA CAROTENE EXTRACT: This is pro-vitamin A in its strongest most active antioxidant form. It protects cell DNA from free radical damage, prolongs cell life and health. (cellularskinrx.com)
CAROB SEED EXTRACT: Phyto-repair molecules restore the balance of natural regenerative skin systems depleted by age. Accelerates the recovery of stressed skin tissue. Reduces redness, inflammation. Skin's resilience, color, and volume are increased. (cellularskinrx.com)
DARUTOSIDE: Also known as Siegesbeckia orientalis, Darutoside is a plant extract that is rich in emollients. By soothing the skin, decreasing inflammation, restoring collagen and promoting collagen production, this extract helps to improve skin elasticity and brightens surface appearance. Darutoside has been shown to stimulate tissue regeneration via collagen fibres which improves skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
FRUIT FERMENT EXTRACT: Fruit enzymes gently dissolve dead skin cells, eating the cells. A naturally gentle exfoliator. (cellularskinrx.com)
GOGI FRUIT EXTRACT: Gogi Fruit Extract ranks among the most powerful in the natural antioxidant grading system developed by the national Institute on Aging in the National Institutes of Health. Absorbs oxygen-related free radicals before they damage skin cells when used topically. (cellularskinrx.com)
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: A powerful antioxidant that protects skin from free radical damage that causes premature aging. The polyphenols in green tea act as free radical scavengers soaking up these unstable molecules before they can damage the collagen layer. Green tea extract has also been shown to soothe, heal and calm irritated skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
HELICHRYSUM ITALICUM EXTRACT: Helichrysum Italicum Extract inhibits the visible effects of cortisol, controlling signs of aging due to stress. Naturally anti-inflammatory, anti-allergenic, and anti-microbial. Starts working immediately upon application. (cellularskinrx.com)
HYDROLYZED RICE BRAN EXTRACT: The extract regulates melanin production and has been used in far eastern cultures for years to help brighten and lighten the complexion. Rice bran extract also contains lipoic acid, an antioxidant and vitamin B5, (niacin) to help improve cellular circulation. (cellularskinrx.com)
LACTOBACILLUS/PUNICA GRANATUM/POMEGRANATE: An enzyme/bacteria derived from the pomegranate. Pomegranate is a powerful antioxidant. Fermented fruit extract derived from this wonderful fruit help to absorb free radicals while dissolving dead skin cells. (cellularskinrx.com)
LEMON EXTRACT: It is a natural alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) that helps to brighten, lighten, and purify the skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
LICORICE ROOT EXTRACT: This extract helps to reduce redness caused by stress, acne and rosacea. (cellularskinrx.com)
MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT STEM CELL EXTRACT: This rare stem cell extracts prolongs epidermal cell life and encourages epidermal stem cells to produce more new cells. Protects existing skin cells from DNA damage caused by oxidative stress and UV light. Next Generation Anti-Aging Component of the most effective skin care products. (cellularskinrx.com)
NONI FRUIT EXTRACT: Noni Fruit Extract ranks among the most powerful in the natural antioxidant grading system developed by the national Institute on Aging in the National Institutes of Health. Absorbs oxygen-related free radicals before they damage skin cells when used topically. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
SEA WHIP: Sea Whip calms and soothes skin prone to irritation. Sea Whip provides the strongest soothing action of all sea plant-derived extracts. Helps to reduce visible redness and other signs of sensitivity. It inhibits 90% of inflammatory enzyme PLA2 which is known to trigger the skin's inflammation response that leads to redness, discomfort, and PIH (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation). Used in Calming BioLipid Repair Creme and Fluid. (cellularskinrx.com)
THERMUS FERMENT EXTRACT: Repairs and protects against heat-activated free radicals that destroy DNA, cell membranes and skin-protecting lipids. Used in CSRx Antioxidant Defense Complex. (cellularskinrx.com)
WHITE TEA EXTRACT: Neutralizes free radicals caused by exposure to smog, cigarette smoke and other forms of air pollution. Helps keep skin comfortable and hydrated regardless of air quality. (cellularskinrx.com)
YUCCA EXTRACT: A natural cleanser that helps remove excess oil and dirt without drying the skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
Fish Liver Oil: Used in vitamins and supplements. In milk fortified with vitamin D. Alternatives: yeast extract ergosterol, exposure of skin to sunshine. (peta.org)
Allantoin: Uric acid from cows, most mammals. Also in many plants (especially comfrey). In cosmetics (especially creams and lotions) and used in treatment of wounds and ulcers. Derivatives: Alcloxa, Aldioxa. Alternatives: extract of comfrey root, synthetics. (peta.org)
Myristic Acid: Organic acid typically derived from nut oils but occasionally of animal origin. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristate. Alternatives: nut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc. (peta.org)
Urea Carbamide: Typically synthetic. When extracted from animals, it is excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. In deodorants, ammoniated dentifrices, mouthwashes, hair colorings, hand creams, lotions, shampoos, etc. Used to “brown” baked goods, such as pretzels. Derivatives: Imidazolidinyl Urea, Uric Acid. Alternatives: synthetics. (peta.org)
Musk (Oil): Dried secretion painfully obtained from musk deer, beaver, muskrat, civet cat, and otter genitals. Wild cats are kept captive in cages in horrible conditions and are whipped around the genitals to produce the scent; beavers are trapped; deer are shot. In perfumes and in food flavorings. Alternatives: labdanum oil (from various rockrose shrubs) and extracts from other plants with a musky scent. (peta.org)
Lanolin Lanolin Acids Wool Fat Wool Wax: A product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcohols. Alternatives: plant and vegetable oils. (peta.org)
Concentration: There are four major concentrations of fragrance you can buy. They reflect not only the longevity of fragrance, but also its ingredients and qualities. From the least concentrated (smaller perfume oil ratio in relation to alcohol) to highest: Eau de Cologne, with around 2–5 % perfume oils; Eau de Toilette, with around 5–20% perfume oils; Eau de Parfum, with around 10–30% perfume oils; and Extrait or Extract, at around 20—40% concentration. (intothegloss.com)
Headspace technology: A method pioneered in the 1970s of capturing scent molecules and reconstructing their smell for perfumes. A bell-jar like apparatus is placed over the scented object and the molecules are extracted and saved. Once they’re analyzed, a synthetic version is created. This is how perfumes that are hard to distill, like gardenia, and notes like dirt, in Demeter’s much-lauded Dirt, are created. (intothegloss.com)
Neroli: The essential oil from steam-distilling the orange flowers from the Seville Orange or Citrus aurantiam. It has a sharper, more citrus scent than orange blossom, which comes from the same flowers. Petit grain is the essential oil extracted from this same plant’s leaves and twigs, producing a woody-herbaceous scent used often in men’s fragrances. L’Artisan’s Seville À L’Aube features orange blossom. Tom Ford’s Neroli Portofino showcases the steam-distilled orange flower essence, and Comme des Garçons Energy C Grapefruit has petit grain. (intothegloss.com)
ABSOLUTE: Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. (fragrance.org)
CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
ENFLEURAGE: In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. (fragrance.org)
EXPRESSION: Raw material is squeezed or compressed and the oils are collected. Of all raw materials, only the fragrant oils from the peels of fruits in the citrus family are extracted in this manner. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTION: Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTS: Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. (fragrance.org)
MACERATION: Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. (fragrance.org)
NEROLI OIL: Neroli essential oil is extracted from the fragrant blossoms of the bitter orange tree and has a beautiful aroma that appeals to men and women alike. In common with rose and jasmine, neroli oil is almost a complete fragrance in itself and forms the heart of one of the worlds most enduring perfumes, ‘Eau de Cologne’. (fragrance.org)
RESINOIDS: Extracts of gums, balsams, resins or roots (orris), which consist in whole or in part of resinous materials. They are generally used as fixatives in perfume compositions. (fragrance.org)
SOLVENTS: Volatile fluids used to extract water insoluble, odorous substances from plant material. The solvent extract of a plant material is called a concrete. (fragrance.org)
Clay Lighteners: Clay lighteners are lightening powders that contain organic pigments and also (they claim) 17 amino acids, silk extracts, olive oil, panthenol and milk, as well as being ammonia free. They are not clay at all and are simply promoted as natural and better for the condition of the hair. They are effective, but can easily be over-processed and can cause serious damage to the hair shaft if adequate care is not taken. (thehairstyler.com)
RootBioTec HO (oil-based version): Ocimum Basilicum Hairy Root Culture Extract (and) Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil (and) Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil (mibellebiochemistry.com/products/rootbiotec-ho)
PHYTELENE COMPLEX from Greentech USA (haircare active ingredient): Butylene Glycol (and) Aqua (and) Lamium Album Flower Extract (and) Pinus Sylvestris Cone Extract (and) Arctium Lappa Root Extract (and) Anthemis Nobilis Flower Extract (and) Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract (and) Hedera Helix (Ivy) Extract ()
Rosemary Leaf Water, Alcohol Denatured, Water, Glycerin, Lemon Peel Oil, Butylene Glycol, Pentylene Glycol, Cupressus Sempervirens Leaf/Nut/Stem Oil, Fragrance, Melaleuca Leucadendron Cajaput Oil, Rosemary Leaf Oil, Sage Oil, Saw Palmetto Fruit Extract, Malus Domestica Fruit Cell Culture Extract, Limonene, Ylang Ylang Flower Oil, Shiitake Extract, Grape Seed Extract, Linalool, Isoeugenol, Geraniol, Eugenol, Farnesol, Benzyl Benzoate, Xanthan Gum, Glycoprotein, Methylsilanol, Geramannuronate, Acetyl Tetrapeptide 2, Dextran, Potassium Sorbate, Sodium Benzoate, Sorbic Acid. (Phytolium serum ingredients)
Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract, Alcohol Denat. (Alcool De Betterave), Viburnum Prunifolium Extract, Hydrolyzed Soy Protein, 3 Aminopropane Sulfonic Acid, Sodium Chondroitin Sulfate, Pvp, Pyridoxine Hcl (Vitamine B6), Ethyl Ester Of Hydrolyzed Silk, Panthenol (Provitamine B5), Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract (Procyanidols De Raisin), Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract (Extrait De Thé), Propylene Glycol, Methylsilanol Acetyltyrosine. (Phytocyan serum ingredients)
Witch hazel is a small tree known for its softening, soothing properties. When formulating their family toiletry range, Yves Rocher Vegetal Biology Laboratories selected an organic witch hazel extract, obtained according to special rules of cultivation and extraction designed to deliver its properties intact. (yvesrocher.ca)
Cinchona Succirubra Bark Extract (Quinquina), Sodium Laureth Sulfate (Dérivé D'huile De Coco), Water / Aqua (Eau Purifiée), Cocamidopropyl Betaine (Dérivé D'huile De Coco), Lauryl Glucoside, Peg-200 Hydrogenated Glyceryl Palmate, Peg-7 Glyceryl Cocoate, Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein Pg-Propyl Silanetriol (Dérivé De Blé), Fragrance / Parfum, Panthenol (Provitamine B5), Propylene Glycol, Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract, Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride, Pyridoxine Hcl, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract (Procyanidols De Raisin), Phenoxyethanol, Parabens (Ethyl, Butyl), Methylchloroisothiazolinone, Methylisothiazolinone, Citric Acid, Tetrasodium Edta, Sodium Chloride. (Phytocyan shampoo ingredients)
Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract, Peg-33 Castor Oil (Dérivé D'huile De Ricin), Sodium Lauroyl Oat Amino Acids, Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Oil (Sauge), Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Peel Oil (Citron), Rosmarinus Officinalis ( Rosemary) Leaf Oil (Romarin), Juniperus Communis Fruit Oil (Baie De Genièvre), Palmitoyl Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein (Dérivé D'acides Aminés De Blé), Vinegar / Acetum, Propylene Glycol, Citral, Limonene, Phenoxyethanol*, Parabens (Butyl, Ethyl)*, Methylisothiazolinone*, Methylchloroisothiazolinone*, Polysorbate 20, Beta-Carotene. (Huile d ales ingredients)
AQUA /WATER/EAU, COCO-GLUCOSIDE, DISODIUM COCOYL GLUTAMATE, GLYCERYL CAPRYLATE, CITRIC ACID, TETRASODIUM GLUTAMATE DIACETATE, CLIMBAZOLE, SODIUM COCOYL GLUTAMATE, PARFUM (FRAGRANCE), SALICYLIC ACID, SODIUM HYDROXIDE, SORBIC ACID, PERSEA GRATISSIMA (AVOCADO) FRUIT EXTRACT (Foam Shampoo for Newborns (mustela.com))
AQUA/WATER/EAU, GLYCERIN, COCAMIDOPROPYL BETAINE, SODIUM MYRETH SULFATE, COCO-GLUCOSIDE, GLYCERYL CAPRYLATE, PEG-150 DISTEARATE, PARFUM (FRAGRANCE), POLYQUATERNIUM-10, PANTHENOL, CITRIC ACID, POTASSIUM SORBATE, BUTYLENE GLYCOL, CHAMOMILLA RECUTITA (MATRICARIA) FLOWER EXTRACT, PERSEA GRATISSIMA (AVOCADO) FRUIT EXTRACT, CARAME (Gentle Shampoo (mustela.com))
Alcohol Denat., Cyclopentasiloxane, Octyldodecanol, Caviar Extract, Tocopheryl Acetate, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil, Mica, Beta-Carotene, Ethylhexyl Methoxycinnamate, Propylene Glycol, Benzophenone-3, Bht, Parfum (Fragrance), Hexyl Cinnamal, D-Limonene, Citronellol, Geraniol, Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone, Butylphenyl Methylpropional, Hydroxyisohexyl-3-Cyclohexene Carboxaldehyde, Linalool, Gold (Ci 77480), Titanium Dioxide (Ci 77891), Iron Oxide (Ci 77491). (Miriam Quevedo Sublime Gold Shampoo)
Placental extracts = عصاره های به دست آمده از جفت جنین

Criste marine extract = عصاره رازیانه دریایی

herbal extracts = عصاره های گیاهی

TONICS — Herbal extracts that soothe, clarify, stimulate or otherwise improve the condition of the skin, hair and scalp. These are typically extracted in vegetable glycerin, water or natural grain alcohol, or added as essential oils. Examples: horsetail, nettle, ginseng, chamomile. (INCI dictionary) 
تونيك ها: عصاره هاي گياهي كه تسكين دهنده، شفاف كننده، تحريك كننده و بهبوددهنده وضعيت پوست، مو و پوست سر مي باشد. تونيك ها معمولاً در گليسيرين گياهي، آب يا الكل هاي حاصل از دانه هاي طبيعي استخراج مي شوند يا به عنوان اسانس هاي روغني اضافه مي شود. مثال ها: دم اسبي، گزنه، جينسنگ، بابونه.
plant extracts = عصاره گیاهان

clover extract = عصاره شبدر 

extraction = استخراج

ABSOLUTE: Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. (fragrance.org)
CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
ENFLEURAGE: In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTION: Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTS: Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. (fragrance.org)
Witch hazel is a small tree known for its softening, soothing properties. When formulating their family toiletry range, Yves Rocher Vegetal Biology Laboratories selected an organic witch hazel extract, obtained according to special rules of cultivation and extraction designed to deliver its properties intact. (yvesrocher.ca)
ABSOLUTE, Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. = ابسولوت به ماده عطری بسیار غلیظ می‌گویند كه با استخراج الكلی كانكریت­ها به دست می‌آید. كانكریت با روش استخراج با حلال از گیاهان به دست می‌آید.

CONCRETE, Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. = كانكریت: ماده مومی شكل جامد كه با روش استخراج با حلال از مواد گیاهی مثل گلها، ساقه و برگ درختان به دست می آید. ابسولوت از استخراج الكلی كانكریت ها به دست می آید.

ENFLEURAGE, In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. = انفلوراژ: در این فرایند مواد معطر به داخل یك ماده مومی شكل جذب می شود و سپس روغنهای معطر با اتیل الكل جدا می شود. استخراج با انفلوراژ برای گیاهان ظریف استفاده می شود كه در اثر تقطیر ممكن است ملكولهای مواد معطرشان تخریب شود.

EXPRESSION, Raw material is squeezed or compressed and the oils are collected. Of all raw materials, only the fragrant oils from the peels of fruits in the citrus family are extracted in this manner. = فشردن یا افشردن یا متراكم سازی: یكی از روشهای بدست آوردن اسانس روغنی گیاهان است كه در آن ماده اولیه چلانده یا متراكم می شود تا روغن آن خارج شود. در میان روغنهای معطر فقط پوست میوه مركبات با این روش اسانسشان استخراج می شود.

EXTRACTION, Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. = استخراج: استخراج با حلال های فرّار موثرترین و رایج ترین روش به دست آوردن گیاهان است.

EXTRACTS, Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. = عصاره: محصولات حاصل از استخراج با حلالهای فرّار كه تغلیظ شده است.

MACERATION, Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. = ماسیراسیون: روشی است كه در آن گلها را وارد روغن داغ می كنند سپس پماد به دست آمده را با الكل می شویند.

NEROLI OIL, Neroli essential oil is extracted from the fragrant blossoms of the bitter orange tree and has a beautiful aroma that appeals to men and women alike. In common with rose and jasmine, neroli oil is almost a complete fragrance in itself and forms the heart of one of the worlds most enduring perfumes, ‘Eau de Cologne’. = روغن نرولی: روغنی كه از شكوفه معطر پرتقال تلخ به دست می آید.

ماده = Substance
pesticides, toxic substances released intentionally into our environment to kill living things = آفت کش، مواد شیمیایی سمی که عمداً به محیط اضافه می شود تا موجودات زنده مزاحم را از بین ببرند

sedative, tranquilliser, substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement = سداتیو، آرامبخش، ماده ای که باعث ایجاد آرامش می شود و هیجان را از بین می برد

pure essential oils are naturally occuring substances found in different parts of the plant = اسانس روغنی خالص، ماده طبیعیست که در قسمت های مختلف گیاهان یافت می شود

Hygroscopic-substances = مواد جاذب الرطوبه

surface active substance = ماده فعال سطحی

substance = ماده

ANTIOXIDANTS — Substances that counter the destructive effects of free radicals in the body, which are a major cause of disease and aging. Antioxidants protect tissue against cellular damage by stabilizing free oxygen molecules. Often used in natural preservative systems to prevent oxidation of fats and oils. Some natural antioxidants are vitamins A, C and E, alpha lipoic acid and green tea. (INCI dictionary) 
آنتي اكسيدان ها: موادي كه با اثر تخريبي راديكال هاي آزاد در بدن مقابله مي كند. رادیکال های آزاد عوامل اصلي بيماري ها و پيري پوست هستند. آنتي اكسيدان ها از بافت ها در برابر تخريبات سلولي ایجاد شده در اثر رادیکالهای آزاد محافظت مي كند و ملكول هاي اكسيژن آزاد را پايدار سازي مي كند. اغلب در سيستم هاي نگهدارنده طبيعي استفاده مي شوند تا از اكسيداسيون چربي ها و روغن ها جلوگيري كند. برخي از آنتي اكسيدان هاي طبيعي عبارتند از ويتامي هاي A، C، E، آلفا ليپوئيد اسيد و چاي سبز.
EMULSIFIERS — Substances used to help oil and water bind together and stay in suspension. Examples: lecithin, carrageenan. (INCI dictionary) 
امولسي فايرها: موادي كه كمك مي كنند تا روغن و آب به يكديگر متصل شود و به صورت معلق باقي بماند. مثال ها: لسيتين، كاراگينان.
SAPONINS (GLYCOSIDES) — Substances found in nature that foam readily in water, used as foam boosters, emulsifiers and mild cleansing agents in natural shampoos. Examples: quillaya, yucca, soapwort. Soaping agents with proper ties similar to plant glycosides can be made from coconut fatty alcohols and cornstarch glucose. Example: coconut/corn oil soap. (INCI dictionary) 
ساپونين ها (گليكوزيدها) موادي كه در طبيعت يافت مي شوند و خيلي سريع و راحت در آب كف مي كنند. به عنوان تقويت كننده كف استفاده مي شوند. امولسيون ساز بوده و خاصيت پاك كنندگي ملايم در شامپوها دارند. مثال ها: كوئيلايا يا كوئيلاجا، يوكا، گياه صابوني يا وارت صابوني. تركيبات صابوني كه ساختاري مشابه با گليكوزيدهاي گياهي دارد مي توانند از الكل هاي چرب نارگيل و گلوكز نشاسته ذرت به دست بيايد. مثال: صابون هاي روغن ذرت و نارگيل
VOLUMIZERS — Substances that bind to and thicken hair fiber to increase fullness. Examples: soy protein, almond protein, wheat protein, panthenol, herbal gums, quinoa protein. (INCI dictionary) 
حجم دهنده مو: تركيباتي كه به مو متصل شده و موها را ضخيم تر مي كند و پرپشت تر نشان مي دهد. مثال ها: پروتئين سويا، پروتئين بادام، پروتئين گندم، پانتنول، صمغ هاي گياهي، پروتئين كينوآ.
CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS FRUIT EXTRACT — Cayenne Pepper Extract. Its active ingredient, capsaicin (the chemical responsible for making peppers hot) is a powerful analgesic that works by blocking the activity of substance P, responsible for the transmission of pain impulses in the body. An excellent anti-inflammatory and warming agent, used in massage lotions and liniments to soothe tight, overworked muscles and tension. (INCI dictionary)
LIPOSOMES — Micro-capsules or sacs made from fatty substances (phospholipids), easily absorbed by the skin. Used in creams and lo- tions, they penetrate deeply to deliver nutrients, moisture and other substances contained within the sac to internal layers of the skin. (See also Phospholipids.) (INCI dictionary)
MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES — Plant or animal substances that bind with water to form the thick, jelly-like material that cements cells together. Used in skin and hair care formulations for their ability to retain water. Mucopolysaccharides from aloe vera are best. (INCI dictionary)
NON-GMO — Not containing any genetically modified substances. (INCI dictionary)
PHOSPHOLIPIDS (LIPOSOMES) — Fatty substances that are im- por tant constituents of cell membranes. Plant phospholipids are similar to human phospholipids and are readily absorbed into the skin. Phospholipids obtained from soybean oil in the form of leci- thin are used to make liposomes, which act as delivery agents for vitamins and humectants. (See also Liposomes.) (INCI dictionary)
ROYAL JELLY — Substance secreted in the digestive tube of worker bees. A powerful nutrient high in amino acids, minerals and vitamins A, B, C and E.Very soothing and moisturizing to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
SQUALANE — A saturated hydrocarbon found in human sebum, added to cosmetics for its emollient and bactericidal proper ties. Squalane is typically obtained from shark liver oil, but the identical substance can be derived from olives. Olive oil squalane is more stable and much more compatible with the skin than its shark-de- rived counterpar t. (INCI dictionary)
ZINC OXIDE — Occurring in nature as zincite, this water-insol- uble substance makes an excellent sunblock, protecting skin from UVA and UVB rays. (INCI dictionary)
Pain relief has been reported after injection of BTX into hyperactive muscles. In addition, in animal models muscular pain induced by formalin can also be reduced by BTXA suggesting a direct analgesic effect.[18] In rabbit iris muscles and dorsal root ganglia neurons, substance P, a neuropeptide involved in pain reception and neurogenic inflammation, can be blocked together with acetylcholine. (J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2008 Jan; 1(1): 3–6.)
CORTINHIB: Cortinhib™ is derived from the Everlasting plant. It inhibits visible signs of cortisol in the skin. A natural anti-inflammatory, anti-allergenic, and anti-microbial substance. (cellularskinrx.com)
HYALURONIC ACID: Hyaluronic Acid is a naturally occurring substance found throughout the body. It plays an important role in tissue hydration, lubrication and cellular function. Used as moisturizer, hyaluronic acid results in increased smoothness, softening and decreased wrinkles. It is an excellent hydrator used frequently during post-peel procedures to lubricate and soothe new skin cells. It offers an excellent environment for the growth of new cells and healing. It is extensively used by the cosmetic industry and by dermatologists in anti-aging and moisturizing products as HA is very hydroscopic (absorbs and retains water). Hyaluronic acid can absorb over 1000 times its weight in water. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
Duodenum Substances: From the digestive tracts of cows and pigs. Added to some vitamin tablets. In some medicines. Alternatives: vegetarian vitamins, synthetics. (peta.org)
Wax: Glossy, hard substance that is soft when hot. From animals and plants. In lipsticks, depilatories, hair straighteners. Alternatives: vegetable waxes. (peta.org)
Castor Castoreum: Creamy substance with strong odor, originally from muskrat and beaver genitals but now typically synthetic. Used as a fixative in perfume and incense. While some cosmetics companies continue to use animal castor, the majority do not. (peta.org)
Lecithin Choline Bitartrate: Waxy substance in nervous tissue of all living organisms. But frequently obtained for commercial purposes from eggs and soybeans. Also from nerve tissue, blood, milk, corn. Choline bitartrate, the basic constituent of lecithin, is in many animal and plant tissues and prepared synthetically. Lecithin can be in eye creams, lipsticks, liquid powders, hand creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos, other cosmetics, and some medicines. Alternatives: soybean lecithin, synthetics. (peta.org)
Ambergris: A highly prized base note rarely used in non-synthetic form because of its rarity and cost. Why is it so expensive? Because of its origins: The sperm whale eats cuttlefish, whose bones are indigestible and painful to its stomach lining. As a result, it secretes a substance that surrounds the bones. This mass gets excreted, most likely from the whale’s back end. It then floats around in the water, ages, gets oxidized by the sun, and turns into the substance that washes ashore until it’s found by some lucky bastard who can sell it for more per ounce than gold. Ambergris smells earthy, sweet, tobacco-like, and provides a roundness and depth to perfumes. Christian Dior Dioressence perfume was said to have been inspired by perfumer Guy Robert’s encounter with both real ambergris and a knock-off Miss Dior soap. (intothegloss.com)
CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
GUMS, RESINS, BALSAMS: The resinous substances exuded from the  bark, twigs or leaves of trees or shrubs. (fragrance.org)
ISOLATES: Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. (fragrance.org)
MICRO-ENCAPSULATION: A method of incorporating thin-walled, microscopic capsules containing fragrance oils into a solid substance (fragrance advertising inserts, capsules, blotters, paper, etc.). (fragrance.org)
OAKMOSS: A resinous substance exuded from lichen, usually found around oak trees. (fragrance.org)
PHEROMONE: Chemical substance secreted by animals to produce a response by other members of the same species. (fragrance.org)
RECEPTOR CELL: Located in the olfactory epithelium, each cell has microscopic hairs (cilia) extending into the mucus. Odoriferous substances are thought to bind chemically to specific sites on these cilia. This chemical event is translated into an electrical message that is transmitted along the olfactory nerves to the olfactory bulb. (fragrance.org)
SOLVENTS: Volatile fluids used to extract water insoluble, odorous substances from plant material. The solvent extract of a plant material is called a concrete. (fragrance.org)
CONCRETE, Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. = كانكریت: ماده مومی شكل جامد كه با روش استخراج با حلال از مواد گیاهی مثل گلها، ساقه و برگ درختان به دست می آید. ابسولوت از استخراج الكلی كانكریت ها به دست می آید.

ISOLATES, Aroma chemicals that are primarily isolated from natural products. They are highly refined natural substances. = ایزولات ها: مواد شیمیایی كه تركیبات طبیعی جداسازی شدند.

کاهش = Downregulation
downregulation = کاهش

آرایشی بهداشتی = Cosmetics
adulteration, mixing other matter of an inferior with cosmetics = تقلب، اضافه کردن مواد بی کیفیت و گاهی خطرناک به محصولات آرایشی برای سود بیشتر

everyday cosmetics = محصولات آرایشی بهداشتی با کاربرد روزمره و روزانه.

color cosmetics = محصولات آرایشی رنگی، کالر کاسمتیک

cosmetics regulations = قوانین و مقررات آرایشی بهداشتی

estee lauder cosmetics = محصولات آرایشی برند استی لودر

cosmetics toiletries association = انجمن آرایشی بهداشتی

pearlescent pigments, pigments possess optical effects that serve decorative purposes such as cosmetics, printed products, industrial coatings, or automotive paints = ذرات مرواریدی

cosmetics = آرایشی بهداشتی

ASCORBIC ACID — Vitamin C. Powerful antioxidant and nutrient, very beneficial to the skin. Plays an essential role in building collagen, the connective tissue that makes up 70 percent of our skin. Vitamin C is also a natural preservative, protecting both the oil and water phases of cosmetics. Ascorbic acid is a water-soluble form of vitamin C. (See also Calcium ascorbate.) (INCI dictionary) 
آسکوربيك اسيد يا ويتامين سي: آ‌نتي اكسيدان و ماده مغذي قدرتمند است كه براي پوست مزاياي زيادي دارد. نقش اساسي در ساخت كلاژن دارد كه 70 درصد بافت هم بند پوست را تشكيل مي دهد. ويتامين سي همچنين يك ماده پرزرواتيو يا نگهدارنده طبيعي است كه فاز آبي و روغني محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي را محافظت مي كند. آسکوربيك اسيد فرم قابل حل در آب ويتامين سي است. (به كلسيم آسكوربات نيز مراجعه شود)
BETA VULGARIS — Beet Root Extract. Rich in polysaccharides, this powerful humectant is clinically proven to boost the skin’s natural moisturizing factor, forming a film on the skin that actually locks moisture in for up to 8 hours. Phytonutrients enhance cell renewal and a high antioxidant content protects skin from free radical damage. The extract or juice of beets is also sometimes used as a natural red color in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary) 
عصاره ريشه چغندر: غني از پلي ساكاريدها: ماده هيومكتانت يا جاذب الرطوبه قدرتمند كه به صورت كلينيكي اثبات شده كه مي تواند فاكتورهاي مرطوب كننده پوست را تقويت كند. لايه اي روي پوست تشكيل مي دهد كه رطوبت را براي 8 ساعت روي پوست نگه مي دارد. مواد مغذي موجود در چغندر نوسازي سلولي را افزايش داده و محتواي بالاي آنتي اكسيدان آن از پوست در برابر آسيب هاي ناشي از راديكال هاي آزاد محافظت مي كند. عصاره يا شيره چغندر گاهي به عنوان رنگ قرمز طبيعي در محصولات کازمتیک استفاده مي شود.
CERA ALBA — Beeswax. A natural humectant, also used in cosmetics as an emulsifier and thickening agent. (INCI dictionary) 
موم زنبور عسل: ماده هيومكتانت طبيعي كه در محصولات كازمتيك به عنوان امولسيون كننده و قوام دهنده استفاده مي شود.
CITRIC ACID — Extract from citrus fruits used as a natural pH adjuster in cosmetics.Added to shampoos, it acts as a chelating agent, binding to chlorine and iron (from hard water) and removing them from the hair. (INCI dictionary) 
سيتريك اسيد: عصاره به دست آمده از ميوه هاي مركبات كه براي تنظيم pH به محصولات كازمتيك اضافه مي شود. از سيتريك اسيد در شامپو به عنوان شلات كننده براي اتصال كلر و آهن و خارج كردن آن از آب سخت استفاده مي شود. به اين ترتيب اين مواد روي موها رسوب نمي كند.
CITRUS MEDICA LIMONUM — Lemon Oil/Lemon Peel Oil. Essential oil with antioxidant and antibacterial properties, often used in cosmetics as a skin freshener and for its cool, pleasant fragrance. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن پوست ليمو يا روغن ليمو: اسانس روغني با ويژگي هاي آنتي اكسيدان و ضدميكروبي. در صنعت كازمتيك به عنوان طراوت دهنده پوست استفاده مي شود. رايحه عطر ليمو خنك و لذت بخش است.
COCOS NUCIFERA OIL — Coconut Oil. Rich emollient exressed from coconuts. It is naturally converted into a soap through a saponification reaction with an alkaline salt. Beware of cosmetics that bill themselves as natural and use a synthetically processed derivative, sodium lauryl sulfate, claiming it comes from coconut oil. Accept nothing but the real thing in its natural form. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن نارگيل: يك امولينت غني، استخراج شده از نارگيل. در فرايند صابوني سازي در حضور نمك هاي قليايي به صابون تبديل مي شود. برخي محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي ادعا مي كنند كه طبيعي هستند و از مشتقات سنتزي مثل سديم لوريل سولفات استفاده مي كند. اما ادعا مي كند كه حاوي روغن نارگيل هستند. اگر دقت كرده باشيد در تبليغ بسياري از شامپوها گفته شده حاوي روغن نارگيل، در صورتي كه اينگونه نيست. روغن نارگيل اگرچه به عنوان ماده اوليه در فرايند ساخت سديم لوريل اتر سولفات ممكن است استفاده شود اما اين موضوع نمي تواند موجب شود كه استفاده كننده اين تركيب چنين ادعايي كند.
COPERNICIA CERIFERA — Carnauba Wax. Plant wax used as a thickening agent in cosmetics, and to increase the spreadability of powdered makeup for better coverage. (INCI dictionary) 
واكس كارنوبا: واكس ياموم گياهي كه به عنوان قوام دهنده در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي (كازمتيك) استفاده مي شود تا قابليت پخش لوازم آرايشي پودري را افزايش داده و پوشش آنها را بهتر كند.
CORIANDRUM SATIVUM — Coriander Seed Oil. Antibacterial, often used in cosmetics for its spicy fragrance. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن بذر گشنيز: ضدباكتري، به علت رايحه اسپايسي يا تندي كه دارد در صنعت كازمتيك استفاده مي شود.
D-ALPHA TOCOPHEROL — Vitamin E. The most potent anti-oxidant vitamin around, it protects skin from cancer-causing free radicals and is essential for proper utilization of oxygen in the tissues. In cosmetics it also acts as a natural preservative, protecting the oil phase in creams and lotions. (INCI dictionary) 
دي آلفا توكوفرول، ويتامين E: قويترين ويتامين آنتي اكسيدان، از پوست در برابر راديكال هاي آزاد سرطان زا محافظت مي كند. براي استفاده بهتر اكسيژن توسط بافتها مورد نياز است. در صنعت كازمتيك به عنوان نگهدارنده طبيعي استفاده مي شود تا از فاز روغني كرمها و لوسيون ها محافظت كند.
ERYTHRAEA CENTAURIUM — Centaury, Century Herb. Used in cosmetics for its soothing and astringent properties. Applied topically, it helps even out skin tones and fade freckles and other skin discolorations. Also used as a natural color. (INCI dictionary) 
گياه كوهستاني سنتاريوم: در محصولات آرايشي-بهداشتي براي ويژگي التيام بخشي و قابض آن استفاده مي شود. وقتي به صورت موضعي روي پوست ماليده مي شود، پوست را يكنواخت نموده، قوام مي بخشد، لكه ها را محو مي كند و تيرگي پوست را كاهش مي دهد. همچنين به عنوان رنگ طبيعي استفاده مي شود.
FATTY ACID ESTERS — Waxes derived from plants or animals, which are less greasy than fatty acid extracts. Jojoba (Simondsia chinensis) and lanolin are examples of fatty acid esters. Used in absorption bases, and as emulsifiers in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary) 
استر اسيدهاي چرب: واكس هايي كه از گياهان و حيوانات استخراج شده اند. از اسيدهاي چرب خاصيت چسبندگي كمتري دارد. جوجوبا و لانولين مثال هايي از استرهاي اسيد چرب هستند. از اين تركيبات به عنوان امولسيون ساز در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي استفاده مي شود.
FERULA GALBANIFLUA — Galbanum. Used in cosmetics for its leafy fragrance, and as a fixative for other scents. (INCI dictionary) 
گياه فرولا يا باريجه: رايحه اي برگ مانند دارد و به عنوان تثبيت كننده ساير روايح استفاده مي شود. به مقاله جامعي كه در سايت احسان حسناني درباره باريجه نوشته شده است رجوع شود. باريجه در استان خراسان كشت مي شود.
FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
GLYCEROL ISOSTEARATE — A glyceryl ester used in cosmetics as an emollient and thickening agent. (INCI dictionary) 
گليسرول ايزو استئارات: استر گليسيريل مورد استفاده در صنعت كازمتيك به عنوان امولينت و قوام دهنده.
JASMINUM OFFICINALE — Jasmine Oil. Essential oil of the aromatic flower, widely used in aromatherapy for its calming effect and as a natural fragrance in cosmetics and perfumes. A popular herbal medicine in China, very soothing to the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن جاسمين يا ياسمين: اسانس روغني گل آروماتيك و معطر كه به شكل گسترده در آروماتراپي يا رايحه درماني براي اثر تسكيني آن استفاده مي شود. همچنين يك ماده معطر طبيعي در صنايع عطرسازي و آرايشي- بهداشتي مي باشد. يك داروي گياهي بسيار محبوب در چين كه بسيار تسكين دهنده پوست و پوست سر مي باشد.
LONICERA CAPRIFOLIUM, LONICERA JAPONICA — Honey suckle, Japanese Honeysuckle. An excellent cleanser and purifier used in facial creams, shampoos and soaps. The oil adds a pleasant, sweet fragrance to cosmetics. (INCI dictionary) 
پيچ امين الدوله يا پوني ساكل: تميزكننده عالي و پاك كننده عمقي مورد استفاده در كرم هاي صورت، شامپوها و صابون ها. اين ماده روغني معطر رايحه شيرين و دلپذيري به محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي مي دهد.
MELALEUCA ALTERNIFOLIA — Tea Tree Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic and germicidal properties, similar to eucalyptus oil. Due to its strong odor, it must be used in small amounts in cosmetics, but makes an excellent addition to dandruff shampoos and therapeutic masks and moisturizers. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن درخت چای: اسانس روغني با خاصيت آنتي سپتيك قدرتمند، ضدباكتري (جرمي سايد) شبيه روغن اوكاليپتوس. به علت رايحه شديد و قدرتمندش بايد تنها به ميزان اندكي در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي استفاده گردد. در شامپوهاي ضدشوره و ماسك هاي درماني و مرطوب كننده استفاده مي شود.
MYRISTICA FRAGRANS — Nutmeg. A popular spice in cooking, the nutmeg essential oil is used in cosmetics for its exotic, spicy fragrance. (INCI dictionary) 
جوز هندي: يك ادويه محبوب در آشپزي. اسانس روغني جوز هندي در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي به خاطر رايحه اسپايسي و اگزوتيك آن استفاده مي شود.
ORYZA SATIVA BRAN WAX — Rice Bran Wax. Used in cosmetics as a thickener and binding agent. (INCI dictionary) 
موم سبوس برنج: به عنوان قوام دهنده و پيونددهنده در محصولات كازمتيك استفاده مي شود.
POTASSIUM SORBATE — The potassium salt of sorbic acid, a natural compound isolated from the oil of the rowan or mountain ash berry. A mild preservative used in foods, herbal supplements and cosmetics for its anti-microbial and anti-fungal proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
PRUNUS AMYGDALUS AMARA — Bitter Almond Oil. Essential oil used as a skin softener. Sometimes added to cosmetics for its mild, pleasant scent. (INCI dictionary)
PULLULAN — A polysaccharide made from starch, used in cosmetics as a water-binding and thickening agent. (INCI dictionary)
RETINYL PALMITATE — Vitamin A. Antioxidant vitamin widely used (both internally and topically) in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions. Its topical application promotes the formation of new skin cells and helps regulate oil secretion in the sebaceous glands. Par ticularly beneficial for dry or sun-exposed skin, it is often found in sun protection creams for its antioxidant proper ties and its soothing and hydrating effect on the skin. (A deficiency of vitamin A in the body reduces the mucopolysaccharides in the skin, which accelerates the skin’s aging process.) Also used as a natural preser- vative in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary)
ROSA DAMASCENA FLOWER DISTILLATE — Rosewater. A byproduct of the distillation of fresh rose petals, this hydrosol or floral water is a natural hydrator and anti-irritant. Used in cosmetics since the 10th century, it is an excellent soothing agent for dry, sensitive skin. (INCI dictionary)
SPIRAEA ULMARIA — Meadowsweet. Also known as Lady of the Meadow and Meadow Queen, it was considered a sacred plant by the Druids. Used in cosmetics for sensitive skin for its mild, tonic effect. (INCI dictionary)
SQUALANE — A saturated hydrocarbon found in human sebum, added to cosmetics for its emollient and bactericidal proper ties. Squalane is typically obtained from shark liver oil, but the identical substance can be derived from olives. Olive oil squalane is more stable and much more compatible with the skin than its shark-de- rived counterpar t. (INCI dictionary)
VANILLA PLANIFOLIA — Vanilla Oil. Used as a natural fragrance. VETIVERIA ZIZANIOIDES — Vetiver. Soothing essential oil used in cosmetics for its smoky, ear thy scent. Due to its sedative proper- ties, in India it is known as oil of tranquility. (INCI dictionary)
YEAST — High in protein and B vitamins. Added to cosmetics for its nutritional proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
Linoleic Acid: An essential fatty acid. Used in cosmetics, vitamins. Alternatives: (See alternatives to Fatty Acids.) (peta.org)
Mink Oil: From minks. In cosmetics, creams, etc. Alternatives: vegetable oils and emollients such as avocado oil, almond oil, and jojoba oil. (peta.org)
Lactose: Milk sugar from milk of mammals. In eye lotions, foods, tablets, cosmetics, baked goods, medicines. Alternatives: plant milk sugars. (peta.org)
Emu Oil: From flightless ratite birds native to Australia and now factory-farmed. Used in cosmetics and creams. Alternatives: vegetable and plant oils. (peta.org)
Nucleic Acids: In the nucleus of all living cells. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, conditioners, etc. Also in vitamins, supplements. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
Animal Fats and Oils: In foods, cosmetics, etc. Highly allergenic. Alternatives: olive oil, wheat germ oil, coconut oil, flaxseed oil, almond oil, safflower oil, etc. (peta.org)
Hydrolyzed Animal Protein: In cosmetics, especially shampoo and hair treatments. Alternatives: soy protein, other vegetable proteins, amla oil (see alternatives to Keratin). (peta.org)
Biotin Vitamin H Vitamin B Factor: In every living cell and in larger amounts in milk and yeast. Used as a texturizer in cosmetics, shampoos, and creams. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
Amino Acids: The building blocks of protein in all animals and plants. In cosmetics, vitamins, supplements, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: synthetics, plant sources. (peta.org)
Tyrosine: Amino acid often of plant or synthetic origin but sometimes hydrolyzed from casein (milk). Used in cosmetics and creams. Derivative: Glucose Tyrosinase. (peta.org)
Milk Protein: Hydrolyzed milk protein. From the milk of cows. In cosmetics, shampoos, moisturizers, conditioners, etc. Alternatives: soy protein, other plant proteins. (peta.org)
Casein Caseinate Sodium Caseinate: Milk protein. In “nondairy” creamers, soy cheese, many cosmetics, hair preparations, beauty masks. Alternatives: soy protein, soy milk, and other vegetable milks. (peta.org)
Lard: Fat from hog abdomens. In shaving creams, soaps, cosmetics. In baked goods, French fries, refried beans, and many other foods. Alternatives: pure vegetable fats or oils. (peta.org)
Squalene: Oil from shark livers, etc. In cosmetics, moisturizers, hair dyes, surface-active agents. Alternatives: vegetable emollients such as olive oil, wheat germ oil, rice bran oil, etc. (peta.org)
Turtle Oil Sea Turtle Oil: From the muscles and genitals of giant sea turtles. In soap, skin creams, nail creams, other cosmetics. Alternatives: vegetable emollients (see alternatives to Animal Fats and Oils). (peta.org)
Pristane: Obtained from the liver oil of sharks and from whale ambergris. (See Squalene, Ambergris.) Used as a lubricant and anti-corrosive agent. In cosmetics. Alternatives: plant oils, synthetics. (peta.org)
Carotene Provitamin A Beta Carotene: A pigment found in many animal tissues and in all plants. When used as an additive, typically derived from plant sources. Used as a coloring in cosmetics and in the manufacture of vitamin A. (peta.org)
Hyaluronic Acid: When animal-derived, a protein found in umbilical cords and the fluids around the joints. Used in cosmetics and some medical applications. Alternatives: synthetic hyaluronic acid, plant oils. (peta.org)
Royal Jelly: Secretion from the throat glands of worker honeybees. Fed to the larvae in a colony and to all queen larvae. No proven value in cosmetics preparations. Alternatives: aloe vera, comfrey, other plant derivatives. (peta.org)
Cholesterol: A steroid alcohol in all animal fats and oils, nervous tissue, egg yolk, and blood. Can be derived from lanolin. In cosmetics, eye creams, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: solid complex alcohols (sterols) from plant sources. (peta.org)
“Natural Sources”: Can mean animal or vegetable sources. Most often in the health-food industry, especially in the cosmetics area, it means animal sources, such as animal elastin, glands, fat, protein, and oil. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
Castor Castoreum: Creamy substance with strong odor, originally from muskrat and beaver genitals but now typically synthetic. Used as a fixative in perfume and incense. While some cosmetics companies continue to use animal castor, the majority do not. (peta.org)
Allantoin: Uric acid from cows, most mammals. Also in many plants (especially comfrey). In cosmetics (especially creams and lotions) and used in treatment of wounds and ulcers. Derivatives: Alcloxa, Aldioxa. Alternatives: extract of comfrey root, synthetics. (peta.org)
Isinglass: A form of gelatin prepared from the internal membranes of fish bladders. Sometimes used in “clearing” wines and in foods. Alternatives: bentonite clay, “Japanese isinglass,” agar-agar (see alternatives to Gelatin), mica, a mineral used in cosmetics. (peta.org)
Guanine Pearl Essence: Obtained from scales of fish. Constituent of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid and found in all animal and plant tissues. In shampoo, nail polish, other cosmetics. Alternatives: leguminous plants, synthetic pearl, or aluminum and bronze particles. (peta.org)
Albumen: In eggs, milk, muscles, blood, and many vegetable tissues and fluids. In cosmetics, albumen is usually derived from egg whites and used as a coagulating agent. May cause allergic reaction. In cakes, cookies, candies, etc. Egg whites sometimes used in “clearing” wines. Derivative: Albumin. (peta.org)
Fatty Acids: Can be one or any mixture of liquid and solid acids such as caprylic, lauric, myristic, oleic, palmitic, and stearic. Used in bubble baths, lipsticks, soap, detergents, cosmetics, food. Alternatives: vegetable-derived acids, soy lecithin, safflower oil, bitter almond oil, sunflower oil, etc. (peta.org)
Myristic Acid: Organic acid typically derived from nut oils but occasionally of animal origin. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristate. Alternatives: nut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc. (peta.org)
Honey: Food for bees, made by bees. Can cause allergic reactions. Used as a coloring and an emollient in cosmetics and as a flavoring in foods. Should never be fed to infants. Alternatives: in foods—maple syrup, date sugar, syrups made from grains such as barley malt, turbinado sugar, molasses; in cosmetics—vegetable colors and oils. (peta.org)
Vitamin A: Can come from fish liver oil (e.g., shark liver oil), egg yolk, butter, lemongrass, wheat germ oil, carotene in carrots, and synthetics. An aliphatic alcohol. In cosmetics, creams, perfumes, hair dyes, etc. In vitamins, supplements. Alternatives: carrots, other vegetables, synthetics. (Please note that Vitamin A exists in two forms: see also Carotene, Retinol.) (peta.org)
Glycerin Glycerol: A byproduct of soap manufacture (normally uses animal fat). In cosmetics, foods, mouthwashes, chewing gum, toothpastes, soaps, ointments, medicines, lubricants, transmission and brake fluid, and plastics. Derivatives: Glycerides, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, Polyglycerol. Alternatives: vegetable glycerin (a byproduct of vegetable oil soap), derivatives of seaweed, petroleum. (peta.org)
Colors Dyes: Pigments from animal, plant, and synthetic sources used to color foods, cosmetics, and other products. Cochineal is from insects. Widely used FD&C and D&C colors are coal-tar (bituminous coal) derivatives that are continuously tested on animals because of their carcinogenic properties. Alternatives: grapes, beets, turmeric, saffron, carrots, chlorophyll, annatto, alkanet. (peta.org)
Vitamin D Ergocalciferol Vitamin D2 Ergosterol Provitamin D2 Calciferol Vitamin D3: Vitamin D can come from fish liver oil, milk, egg yolks, and other animal products but can also come from plant sources. Vitamin D2 is typically vegan. Vitamin D3 may be from an animal source. All the D vitamins can be in creams, lotions, other cosmetics, vitamin tablets, etc. Alternatives: plant and mineral sources, synthetics, completely vegetarian vitamins, exposure of skin to sunshine. (peta.org)
Lanolin Lanolin Acids Wool Fat Wool Wax: A product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcohols. Alternatives: plant and vegetable oils. (peta.org)
Lecithin Choline Bitartrate: Waxy substance in nervous tissue of all living organisms. But frequently obtained for commercial purposes from eggs and soybeans. Also from nerve tissue, blood, milk, corn. Choline bitartrate, the basic constituent of lecithin, is in many animal and plant tissues and prepared synthetically. Lecithin can be in eye creams, lipsticks, liquid powders, hand creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos, other cosmetics, and some medicines. Alternatives: soybean lecithin, synthetics. (peta.org)
Tallow Tallow Fatty Alcohol Stearic Acid: Rendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline. Alternatives: vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil. (peta.org)
Carmine Cochineal Carminic Acid: Red pigment from the crushed female cochineal insect. Reportedly, 70,000 beetles must be killed to produce one pound of this red dye. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, red apple sauce, and other foods (including red lollipops and food coloring). May cause allergic reaction. Alternatives: beet juice (used in powders, rouges, shampoos; no known toxicity), alkanet root (from the root of this herb-like tree; used as a red dye for inks, wines, lip balms, etc.; no known toxicity; can also be combined to make a copper or blue coloring). (See Colors.) (peta.org)
Stearic Acid: When animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline. Alternatives: Stearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut. (peta.org)
Gelatin Gel: Protein obtained by boiling skin, tendons, ligaments, and/or bones in water. From cows and pigs. Used in shampoos, face masks, and other cosmetics. Used as a thickener for fruit gelatins and puddings (e.g., Jell-O). In candies, marshmallows, cakes, ice cream, yogurts. On photographic film and in vitamins as a coating and as capsules. Sometimes used to assist in “clearing” wines. Alternatives: carrageen (carrageenan, Irish moss), seaweeds (algin, agar-agar, kelp—used in jellies, plastics, medicine), pectin from fruits, dextrins, locust bean gum, cotton gum, silica gel. Marshmallows were originally made from the root of the marshmallow plant. Vegetarian capsules are now available from several companies. Digital cameras don’t use film. (peta.org)
Beeswax Honeycomb: Wax obtained from melting honeycomb with boiling water, straining it, and cooling it. From virgin bees. Very cheap and widely used. May be harmful to the skin. In lipsticks and many other cosmetics, especially face creams, lotions, mascara, eye creams and shadows, face makeup, nail whiteners, lip balms, etc. Derivatives: Cera Flava. Alternatives: paraffin, vegetable oils and fats, ceresin (aka ceresine, earth wax; made from the mineral ozokerite; replaces beeswax in cosmetics; also used to wax paper, to make polishing cloths, in dentistry for taking wax impressions, and in candle-making), carnauba wax (from the Brazilian palm tree; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; rarely causes allergic reactions), candelilla wax (from candelilla plants; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; also in the manufacture of rubber and phonograph records, in waterproofing and writing inks; no known toxicity), Japan wax (vegetable wax, Japan tallow; fat from the fruit of a tree grown in Japan and China). (peta.org)
L'Oreal: L'Oreal is the world's largest cosmetics and beauty company and has its head office in Paris, France. It specializes in hair color amongst other things, but it was actually its invention of permanent hair color that began this mighty empire. In 1907 a French chemist, Eugene Schueller, developed an innovative hair color formula that chemically made hair color permanent. This the beginning of the L'Oreal company which in 2007 was listed as having 63,360 employees and a revenue of 17.06 billion Euros!! (thehairstyler.com)
cosmetics industry = صنعت آرایشی

ترکیب = Compound
solvent extraction, Liquid–liquid extraction also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water and an organic solvent. = استخراج با حلال یا استخراج مایع مایع که به آن پارتیشنینگ نیز می گویند، روشی برای جداسازی ترکیبات بر مبنای حلالیت نسبی آن ها به دو فاز مایع غیر قابل امتزاج (معمولا آب و فاز حلال ارگانیک) می باشد

essential oils, an essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants, also known as volatile oils = اسانس های روغنی، ماده هیدروفوب غلیظ شده که حاوی ترکیبات آروماتیک فرار گیاهان می باشد. اسانس های روغنی را روغن های فرار نیز می نامند.

proteoglycans, compound consisting of a protein bonded to mucopolysaccharide groups, present especially in connective tissue. = پروتئوگلایکن، ترکیبات پروتئینی که به گروه های موکوپلی ساکاریدی پیوند یافته و در بافت پیوندی بدن وجود دارند

hydroxysuccinimide, N-Hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) is an organic compound with the formula C4H5NO3 = ان هیدروکسی سوکسینیمید یا NHS، ترکیب آلی با فرمول حلقوی شامل یک اتم نیتروژن و یک گروه هیدروکسیل

biosurfactants, amphiphilic compounds produced on living surfaces = بیوسورفکتانت ها، ترکیبات آمفی فیلی (دو خصلتی) که توسط ارگانیسم های سطحی تولید می شوند

chelating, The combination of a metal ion with a chemical compound to form a ring = شلات کردن، کیلیت کردن، اتصال یون فلزی به یک ماده شیمیایی

calcified =harden by deposition of or conversion into calcium carbonate or some other insoluble calcium compounds = کلسیفه شده، سخت شده در اثر تبدیل به کلسیم کربنات

nitrogen containing compound = ترکیبات حاوی نیتروژن

aminovinyl compound = ترکیب آمینووینیلی

volatile organic compounds or VOCs = ترکیبات آلی فرار

cosmetic compounds = ترکیبات آرایشی

compound = ترکیب

BENZYL ACETATE — Organic compound found in flowers. Used as a natural fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
BETA-CAROTENE — Orange or red compounds, precursors to vitamin A, which occur naturally in plants. Essential for skin health. (See also Daucus carota sativa root extract.) (INCI dictionary)
DAUCUS CAROTA SATIVA ROOT EXTRACT — Carrot Oil. The seeds of carrots yield an essential oil rich in beta carotene, orange or red compounds that are precursors to vitamin A and occur naturally in plants. Also high in vitamin E, carrot oil promotes skin cell regeneration and stimulates the production of sebum in dry scalp and skin. Its high antioxidant content makes it an excellent natural preservative in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
DEHYDROACETIC ACID — An organic compound used in cos- metic preparations for its antibacterial and antifungal proper ties. A natural preservative. (INCI dictionary)
FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
IODIDES — Compounds containing iodine, naturally occurring in plants that grow in the sea. Applied topically, they are excellent antiseptics. (INCI dictionary)
POTASSIUM SORBATE — The potassium salt of sorbic acid, a natural compound isolated from the oil of the rowan or mountain ash berry. A mild preservative used in foods, herbal supplements and cosmetics for its anti-microbial and anti-fungal proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
SILYBUM MARIANUM — Milk Thistle. Detoxifier used internally in the treatment of liver disorders. Clinical studies have shown its active compound silymarin, a flavonoid with strong antioxidant proper ties, helps protect skin cells from free radical damage caused by sun exposure and pollution. Very soothing to the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
LIPOSHIELD®: Also know as phyto-melanin. Liposhield® is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
PHYTO-MELANIN: Also known as Liposhield®, Phyto-Melanin is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
ALCOHOL: Denatured ethyl alcohol is added to a fragrance compound to serve as the carrier. It modifies the fragrance intensity and makes application to the skin easier. Concentration of alcohol to perfume oils varies from perfumer to perfumer. (fragrance.org)
AMBERGRIS: Lumps of oxidized fatty compounds, whose precursors were secreted and expelled by the Sperm Whale. Ambergris is commonly referred to as “amber” in perfumery. (fragrance.org)
COMPOUND: A compound is a completed perfume formulation ready to be used in a product. The term “composition” and compound are interchangeable. (fragrance.org)
COUMARIN: A chemical compound with a sweet, distinctive vanilla-like odor with grassy elements. Found naturally in some plants, it may also be produced synthetically. It is used by perfumers as a base note to add warmth and depth. (fragrance.org)
DISTILLATION: A common technique for obtaining aromatic compounds from plants, such as orange blossoms and roses. The raw material is heated and the fragrant compounds are recollected through condensation of the distilled vapour. (fragrance.org)
ENFLEURAGE: In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. (fragrance.org)
SPECIALTIES: Natural oils, natural isolates or synthetics, either alone or in combination, which are used as building blocks for fragrance compounds. They are less complex than a finished fragrance compound. They may be an end-product of special processing treatments or unique raw materials. A single company under a trade name usually supplies them. (fragrance.org)
ALCOHOL, Denatured ethyl alcohol is added to a fragrance compound to serve as the carrier. It modifies the fragrance intensity and makes application to the skin easier. Concentration of alcohol to perfume oils varies from perfumer to perfumer. = الكل، اتیل الكل دناتوره به تركیب عطر اضافه می‌شود تا به عنوان حامل استفاده شود. الکل‌ها شدت عطر را اصلاح می‌کنند و استفاده از آن روی پوست را آسان‌تر می‌نمایند. غلظت الكل در عطر و نسبت آن به اسانس از عطّار به عطّار متفاوت است.

AMBERGRIS, Lumps of oxidized fatty compounds, whose precursors were secreted and expelled by the Sperm Whale. Ambergris is commonly referred to as “amber” in perfumery. = آمبرگریس، توده‌هایی از تركیبات چرب اكسید شده كه پیش­سازهای آن توسط نهنگ عنبر ترشح شده و از بدن او خارج شده است. آمبرگریس را در عطرسازی به اختصار عنبر می‌گویند.

COMPOUND, A compound is a completed perfume formulation ready to be used in a product. The term “composition” and compound are interchangeable. = كامپاند به فرمولاسیون كامل عطر گفته می شودكه برای استفاده در محصول آماده است. كامپازیشن و كامپوند را می توان به جای هم استفاده نمود.

COUMARIN, A chemical compound with a sweet, distinctive vanilla-like odor with grassy elements. Found naturally in some plants, it may also be produced synthetically. It is used by perfumers as a base note to add warmth and depth. = كومارین: ماده ای شیمیایی با رایحه شیرین و شبیه وانیل. از كومارین به عنوان نوت پایه در فرمولاسیون عطر اضافه می شود تا به آن گرما و عمق ببخشد.

DISTILLATION, A common technique for obtaining aromatic compounds from plants, such as orange blossoms and roses. The raw material is heated and the fragrant compounds are recollected through condensation of the distilled vapour. = تقطیر: تكنیك رایج برای بدست آوردن مواد آروماتیك گیاهان مثل شكوفه پرتقال و رز. ماده اولیه حرارت داده می شود و تركیب عطری جمع آوری می شود با روش میعان مایع تقطیر شده.

ENFLEURAGE, In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. = انفلوراژ: در این فرایند مواد معطر به داخل یك ماده مومی شكل جذب می شود و سپس روغنهای معطر با اتیل الكل جدا می شود. استخراج با انفلوراژ برای گیاهان ظریف استفاده می شود كه در اثر تقطیر ممكن است ملكولهای مواد معطرشان تخریب شود.

مصرف = Consumption
water purification, the removal of contaminants from raw water to produce drinking water that is pure enough for human consumption = تخلیص آب، نوعی فرآیند تصفیه آب تا حدی که به آب آشامیدنی تبدیل شود، زدودن ناخالصی های آب خام برای تولید آب شرب

glucose consumption = مصرف گلوکز 

study of consumption = مطالعه مصرف

Consumption permit = مجوز مصرف

Consumption = مصرف

خشک = Dry
Blot dry = خشک کردن مو با روش گذاشتن و برداشتن حوله
dryness = خشکی پوست در اثر از دست دادن رطوبت
hair dryers = خشک کننده مو، مو خشک کن، سشوار
laundry products = محصولات رختشویی و لاندری
blow-drying = خشک کردن مو با سشوار
blow dry = خشک کردن مو با سشوار
cold and dry process = فرآیندهای سرد و خشک
Dry down = نت پایه، پس رایحه
dry skin condition = عارضه پوست خشک
Dry skin = پوست خشک 
skin dryness = خشکی پوست
Drying = خشک کردن
Male Fern, Dryopteris filix-mas = سرخس نر
blow-dryer = سشوار
hair dryer = شسوار
dry = خشک
DRY, A sensation produced by certain perfume ingredients which give a woody, masculine effect. = خشك: احساس خشكی در اثر استفاده از عطریات ایجاد می شود كه اثر چوبی و مردانه دارد.
DRY DOWN, The final phase of a fragrance – the character which appears several hours after application. Perfumers evaluate the base notes and the tenacity of the fragrance during this stage. = فاز انتهایی عطر ویژگی كه چند ساعت بعد از استفاده باقی می ماند.
scale = flake, dry skin like dandruff = پوسته، شوره خشک

ریزش مو = Hair Loss
hair loss is a common medical condition = ریزش مو یک مشکل رایج پزشکی است

male pattern hair loss = ریزش مو با الگوی مردانه

androgenetic hair loss = ریزش موی آندروژنتیک

hair loss prevention = جلوگیری از ریزش مو

hair loss = ریزش مو

The importance of hair in our lives cannot be overstated. Whether men or women lose their hair, they lose much more than their natural, youthful appearance. People also lose their self-esteem and self-confidence associated with healthy looking hair. Hair loss also called alopecia is a common problem affecting both men and women. There are six major (Capixyl)
types of hair loss, but the most common one is Androgenetic/Androgenic alopecia which seems to represent (Capixyl)
95% of all hair loss. (Capixyl)
Androgenetic alopecia is said to affect roughly 50% of men and perhaps as many women older than 40 years. Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is also called male pattern baldness (MPB). By the age of 35 two- thirds of American men will experience some degree of appreciable hair loss. Approximately 25% of men who suffer with MPB begin the painful process before they reach the age of twenty-one. AGA affects an estimated 35 million men in the United States and about 21 million women. In (Capixyl)
France 10 million of people are affected by hair loss, which represents 2 men out of 3 and one woman out of 5. In Japan, 30% of the male population experiences balding, usually later in life after 45 years of age. The prevalence of AGA in Chinese men is 21.3% and 6% for women, these rations are lower than in Caucasians but similar to that in Koreans. Approximately 13% of premenopausal women reportedly have some evidence of AGA. However, the (Capixyl)
According to The Washington Post, American hair loss sufferers spend more than (Capixyl)
3.5 billion dollars a year attempting to treat their hair loss. There are numerous products on the market addressing this condition. The most popular are Minoxidil (Regain®) an OTC vasodilator medication known for its ability to slow or stop hair loss and promote hair regrowth, Finasteride (Propecia®) also a drug that acts by inhibiting the enzyme that converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in AGA and Aminexil® a patented molecule by l’Oréal. (Capixyl)
In today’s image-conscious society, people are looking for an affordable cosmetic hair loss solution that delivers on its promises. This presents an opportunity for high performance, clinically proven anti-hair loss products. (Capixyl)
POLYGONUM MULTIFLORUM — He Shou Wu. Powerful scalp stimulant and tonic used in traditional Chinese medicine to refresh and energize the scalp, minimize hair loss and prevent or reverse graying hair. (In Chinese, shou-wu literally means a head full of black hair.) (INCI dictionary)
Hair Color Sprays: Hair color sprays are temporary or wash-out colors that are generally found in aerosol cans and sprayed onto dry hair. They are mainly crazy fashion colors such as blue, green, red, yellow etc. Also, they are sometimes used by people to mask grey hair, or by some men to make their fine thinning hair appear darker and therefore thicker, and even to color the scalp to disguise hair loss. A word of caution though: keep out of the rain and avoid humid weather or the color will run off the hair and onto your clothing. (thehairstyler.com)
Hair loss, hairloss = ریزش مو

رطوبت = Moisture
lack of moisture = فقدان رطوبت

moisture = رطوبت

EMOLLIENTS — Oils and other ingredients that soften and smooth the skin and reduce dryness, roughness and irritation. In hair care products, they restore lost moisture to hair fiber, contributing to shine and strength. Examples: coconut fatty alcohols, essential fatty acids, shea butter, jojoba oil. (INCI dictionary) 
امولينت ها: روغن ها و تركيباتي كه پوست را نرم و صاف مي كند، خشكي پوست را كاهش مي دهند و زبري و تحريك پوست را كاهش مي دهد. در محصولات مراقبت از مو، امولينت ها رطوبت از دست رفته رشته هاي مو را جبران مي كنند و به مو درخشندگي و استحكام مي بخشند. مثال ها: الكل چرب نارگيل، اسيدهاي چرب ضروري، كره شي آ، روغن جوجوبا
ADANSONIA DIGITATA — Baobab Oil. Rich emollient helps maintain skin elasticity and restore moisture to dehydrated, sun-stressed skin and dry hair. Its high vitamin D content makes it ideal for after sun use. Also rich in antioxidants—particularly vitamin C—and essential fatty acids, very nourishing to the skin. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن بائوباب امولينت قدرتمند كه باعث حفظ كشساني پوست گرديده و رطوبت پوست دِهيدراته را تامين مي كند. رطوبت پوستي كه در اثر مواجهه با تنش هاي آفتاب دِهيدراته شده و موي خشك شده را جبران مي كند. داراي ويتامين دي به مقدار زياد مي باشد كه از اين تركيب محصولي ايده آل براي ساخت كرم هاي اَفترسان ساخته است. همچنين داراي آنتي اكسيدان هاي ديگري به ويژه ويتامين C و اسيدهاي چرب ضروري مي باشد كه بسيار تغذيه كننده پوست هستند.
BETA VULGARIS — Beet Root Extract. Rich in polysaccharides, this powerful humectant is clinically proven to boost the skin’s natural moisturizing factor, forming a film on the skin that actually locks moisture in for up to 8 hours. Phytonutrients enhance cell renewal and a high antioxidant content protects skin from free radical damage. The extract or juice of beets is also sometimes used as a natural red color in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary) 
عصاره ريشه چغندر: غني از پلي ساكاريدها: ماده هيومكتانت يا جاذب الرطوبه قدرتمند كه به صورت كلينيكي اثبات شده كه مي تواند فاكتورهاي مرطوب كننده پوست را تقويت كند. لايه اي روي پوست تشكيل مي دهد كه رطوبت را براي 8 ساعت روي پوست نگه مي دارد. مواد مغذي موجود در چغندر نوسازي سلولي را افزايش داده و محتواي بالاي آنتي اكسيدان آن از پوست در برابر آسيب هاي ناشي از راديكال هاي آزاد محافظت مي كند. عصاره يا شيره چغندر گاهي به عنوان رنگ قرمز طبيعي در محصولات کازمتیک استفاده مي شود.
CAPRYLIC / CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE — Lightweight emollient derived from glycerin and coconut oil that helps suppor t the skin’s moisture barrier. A superb conditioning agent, it adds to the spreadability of creams and lotions and helps promote the delivery of vitamins and other beneficial ingredients onto the skin. (INCI dictionary)
DYCAPRYLYL CARBONATE — Plant-derived fat used as an emollient and skin conditioner. Added to sunscreens, moisturizers and anti-aging formulations, it increases the spreadability of the prod- uct. It is considered a “dry emollient” for its ability to soften skin and replenish its moisture content without leaving a greasy feel. (INCI dictionary)
FRUCTOSE — A sugar found in fruits and honey that soothes, hydrates and encourages moisture retention in the skin. (INCI dictionary)
GLUCOSE — A fruit sugar from corn and grapes that soothes and hydrates the skin, encouraging moisture retention. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED ELASTIN — A naturally derived, water-soluble protein of bovine origin. Elastin is one of the three main proteins found in the skin, along with collagen and reticulin. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED KERATIN — A combination of complex proteins, keratin is the key structural component of the hair, making up about 90% of healthy hair fiber. Used in hair products, it bonds to individual strands and forms a protective coating that helps seal in moisture and nutrients and smoothes the hair cuticle to reduce frizzing and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED WHEAT PROTEIN — Water-soluble protein naturally derived from wheat. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture and is clinically proven to minimize fine lines and wrinkles. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. (See also Hydrolyzed vegetable protein.) (INCI dictionary)
LAMINARIA DIGITATA — Laminaria. Seaweed high in antioxi- dants and iodine helps attract and retain moisture on the skin. An excellent humectant and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
LAMINARIA OCHROLEUCA — Golden Seaweed. Anti-inflam- matory and humectant, rich in plant sterols. Helps attract and retain moisture and protect skin from environmental stressors. (INCI dictionary)
LIPOSOMES — Micro-capsules or sacs made from fatty substances (phospholipids), easily absorbed by the skin. Used in creams and lo- tions, they penetrate deeply to deliver nutrients, moisture and other substances contained within the sac to internal layers of the skin. (See also Phospholipids.) (INCI dictionary)
RETICULIN — One of the three main proteins found in the skin, often used in cellular repair creams for its ability to attract and retain moisture. (INCI dictionary)
SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEED OIL — Jojoba Oil, Jojoba Wax. Waxy oil extracted from the bean, which helps the jojoba des- ert plant retain water during the long summer drought. When used in cosmetic preparations, it not only acts as a humectant, but actually creates a protective film over the skin and hair shaft that helps seal in moisture. The oil is highly stable and very effective on dry skin, dam- aged hair and split ends. (INCI dictionary)
SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS SEED POWDER — Jojoba Meal. High in protein and natural fibers, this byproduct of the moisture-rich jojo- ba plant contains 17 amino acids. Its mild exfoliating properties help clear away dead skin cells and nourish and deep-cleanse the complex- ion without drying it out. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM COCOYL HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN — A mild, natural soap. (See also Sodium Cocoate and Hydrolyzed Soy Protein.) SODIUM HYALURONATE — A naturally occurring glycosami- noglycan (polysaccharide) derived from beneficial bacteria. Used in skin care preparations to help attract and retain moisture. SODIUM HYDROXIDE — An alkaline salt obtained when elec- trolysis (positive and negative poles) is applied to seawater or salt water. Chlorine collects at the positive pole, and sodium hydroxide collects at the negative pole. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM PCA — Salt of glutamic acid, an amino acid that occurs widely in food. Used in appropriate concentrations, it acts as a hu- mectant to help attract and retain moisture to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
SOLUBLE COLLAGEN — Dermal protein that makes up 70 percent of the body’s connective tissue. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture to smooth and soften the skin, increase elasticity and diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. (INCI dictionary)
SUCROSE — A derivative of cane sugar. Hydrates and encourages moisture retention in the skin. (INCI dictionary)
UBIQUINONE — CoQ10 (Co-Enzyme Q10) Liposomes. High in polyunsaturated fatty acids (especially linoleic acid) and protein, CoQ10 helps suppor t cell structure with antioxidant and protective action, and has been shown to reduce the appearance and depth of wrinkles and increase the skin’s moisture with regular use. (See also Liposomes.) (INCI dictionary)
BETA GLUCANS: Soluble Beta Glucans are extremely effective in increasing moisture retention and calming irritated skin. As Biological Response Modifiers, they also help to activate the immune system of the skin, challenging skin to repair itself at a deep level where sensitivity starts. (cellularskinrx.com)
DERMAXYL: Cell youthening Dermaxyl™, a patented oligopeptide and ceramide blend, inspires older cells to communicate like younger cells. When cells communicate more fully, repair cells can focus on areas of skin damage caused by aging processes. The result is enhanced firmness, better moisture retention, and visible easing of deep wrinkles. Clinical studies testing 24 female subjects aged 42 to 66 with a once daily application of 2% Dermaxyl™ for 56 days showed up to 36% reduction in visible wrinkle volume while wrinkle depth lessened up to 27%. (cellularskinrx.com)
GLYCO-CERAMIDES: Plant-derived lipids that help protect skin from moisture loss. The aging process gradually depletes skin’s moisture. The Glyco-Ceramides help to replace this lost moisture and protect lips from further moisture loss. The result is a plumper, fully hydrated lip. (cellularskinrx.com)
NIACINAMIDE: Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. It stops the skin cells that produce pigment from transferring that pigment to surface skin cells, thereby minimizing unwanted dark spots. It is also an effective moisturizer helping the skin produce more ceramides and fatty acids, which are crucial components of your skin barrier. As that barrier is strengthened, skin is better able to keep moisture in and irritants out. Redness and inflammation are visibly reduced. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer and F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
ROSEMARY: Rosemary contains a phyto-lipid that helps skin to repair its protective barrier. Over time, it can inspire skin to increase its barrier lipid production by up to 450%. The result is increased moisture retention and a softer, smoother, plumper skin. Used in Calming BioLipid Repair Creme and Fluid. (cellularskinrx.com)
SEA BUCKTHORN OIL: Rich in omega 3, 6, 7 and 9, oil from this incredible plant replaces moisture lost due to environmental insults and aging. Skin's natural lipid barrier is restored and protected. Skin's texture is improved. Overall, skin's health is greatly improved. Used in CSRx Facial Cleansing Oil and Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
Hair Color Sticks: Hair color sticks are temporary colors used- when people need a quick fix- to touch up exposed roots, or to create highlights of different colors. The stick is similar to mascara, and color is painted directly onto dry hair with a small brush. It's a somewhat sloppy process and can dry stiff. Watch out too for moisture because the color can run off the hair and onto your clothing. (thehairstyler.com)

نسبت = Ratio
preparation = (در نقش اسم) کرم یا محصول آرایشی بهداشتی که معمولاً دارای خاصیت دارویی نیز می باشد.
Tooth decay, fillings and tartar build-up can all contribute to discolouration = پوسیدگی دندان، پرکردگی ها و انباشته شدن جرم دندان از عوامل تغییر رنگ دندان هستند.
adulteration, mixing other matter of an inferior with cosmetics = تقلب، اضافه کردن مواد بی کیفیت و گاهی خطرناک به محصولات آرایشی برای سود بیشتر
glitters, tiny pieces of sparkling material used for decoration = اکلیل، ذرات اکلیلی، ذرات کوچکی که برای تزئین استفاده می شوند.
aeration = هوادهی، مواجه کردن با هوا، اشباع کردن یک سیال با هوا یا گاز
Maceration = ماسیراسیون، استخراج با روش خیساندن و خواباندن در روغن
aerobic respiration = تنفس هوازی که در میتوکندری سلول ها اتفاق می افتد.
post-purchase rationalization = توجیه کردن منطقی بعد از یک خرید احساسی
penetration = نفوذ، رسوخ، مثلا نفوذ به داخل پوست
the way of incorporation = روش اضافه کردن به فرمولاسیون
The exact concentration of Malassezia strain = تعیین دقیق غلظت سوش مالاسزیا
increase in stratum corneum maturation = افزایش بلوغ لایه شاخی پوست
anagen hair/telogen hair ratio = نسبت موهای آناژن به تلوژن
Bleach, decoloration = دکلره، بلیچ، بی رنگ کردن
rational brain or neocortex = مغز منطقی یا نئو کورتکس
penetration enhancer = افزایش دهنده قدرت نفوذ
Restoration = بازسازی، احیا، بازیابی
fat infiltration = صاف کردن و تصفیه چربی
overproliferation = رشد و تکثیر بیش از حد
MIC, Minimum Inhibitory Concentration = غلظت بازداری حداقل 
red blood cell concentration = غلظت گلبول های قرمز
skin hydration = رطوبت رسانی به پوست
decoloration = دکلره، بی رنگ کردن
Spot dehydration = کم آبی موضعی پوست 
food and drug administration = اداره دارو و غذا
maximum pentration depth = عمق نفوذ حداکثری
Customs declaration letter = اظهارنامه گمرکی
regeneration effect = اثر احیاءکنندگی
cell regeneration = احیای سلولی 
expiration date = تاریخ انقضاء
alteration = تغییر وضعیت
incorporation level  = سطح سازگاری
discoloration = تغییر رنگ 
effective concentration = غلظت مؤثر 
fast penetration = نفوذ سریع 
penetration capacity = ظرفیت نفوذ
titration = تیتراسیون 
Declaration letter = اظهارنامه
evaporation of sweat = تبخیر عرق
Order registration = ثبت سفارش
evaporation = تبخیر
Ratio = نسبت
A specific ratio oil/water/phospholipids = نسبت ویژه روغن به آب به فسفولیپید
Radioimmunoassay (RIA), a very sensitive in vitro assay technique used to measure concentrations of antigens (for example, hormone levels in blood) by use of antibodies. = آزمون رادیوایمیونو اَسِی، یك آزمون اینویتروی بسیار حساس برای اندازه گیری آنتی ژنها (مثلا سطح هورمونهای خون
ALCOHOL, Denatured ethyl alcohol is added to a fragrance compound to serve as the carrier. It modifies the fragrance intensity and makes application to the skin easier. Concentration of alcohol to perfume oils varies from perfumer to perfumer. = الكل، اتیل الكل دناتوره به تركیب عطر اضافه می‌شود تا به عنوان حامل استفاده شود. الکل‌ها شدت عطر را اصلاح می‌کنند و استفاده از آن روی پوست را آسان‌تر می‌نمایند. غلظت الكل در عطر و نسبت آن به اسانس از عطّار به عطّار متفاوت است.
COLOGNE (MEN'S), Unlike women’s colognes, it is similar to the concentration of eau de toilette and in some instances perfume. = بر خلاف كلون های زنانه، كلون های مردانه غلظتی شبیه اُدو توالت دارند.
EAU DE COLOGNE, Contains the lowest concentration of 2-4% base. It’s light, refreshing and can be applied often. = ادوكلن دارای كمترین غلظت یعنی 2 تا 4 درصد اسانس پایه است. ادوكلن ها ملایم و طراوت بخش هستند و می توانند به دفعات استفاده شوند.
EVAPORATION, The process of changing from a liquid to a vapor. = تبخیر: فرایند تغییر فاز از مایع به بخار
MACERATION, Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. = ماسیراسیون: روشی است كه در آن گلها را وارد روغن داغ می كنند سپس پماد به دست آمده را با الكل می شویند.
Separation of the pastes = جدايش فازها
Adultration = تقليب
dehydration slows down body metabolism by 3 percent = دهیدراته شدن، سرعت سوخت و ساز سلولی یا متابولیسم بدن را سه درصد کند می کند

صابون = Soap
rinsed, washed with clean water to remove soap, makeup, dirt, or impurities = آبکشی با آب، شستن با آب تمیز به منظور زدودن صابون، آرایش و آلودگی ها
Soapwort, Saponaria officinalis = صابونی، پن صابون، ساپوناریا، گیاهی علفی با ارتفاع حداکثر 1 متر
soaping = صابونی شدن، مثل صابون
antimicrobial soaps = صابون های آنتی میکروبی
Cold cream soaps = صابون های حاوی کلدکرم 
unctuous, having a greasy or soapy feel = نرم و لغزنده
soap-free = عاری از صابون
harsh soap = صابون خشن
soap = صابون

اسانس = Essence
quintessence, essence = اسانس، عطرمایه، روغن معطر و فرار، ترکیباتی که بو و طعم خوبی دارند و در محصولات غذایی ، داروئی ، بهداشتی و آرایشی به کار برده می شوند. اسانس Essence از لحاظ لغوی به معنای جوهر ، ماهیت و عنصر وجودی است. اسانس از کلمه فرانسوی Essence به فارسی وارد شده و در انگلیسی هم با این املا و با تلفظ متفاوت استفاده می شود.

water and essence go through a condenser where they cool and separate = آب و اسانس از کندانسور عبور کرده، خنک شده و از یکدیگر جداسازی می شوند

ESSENTIAL OIL, The “essence” of plants obtained by distillation of the plant material or its concrete. Plant materials include flowers, grass, stems, seeds, leaves, roots, bark, fruits, tree moss and tree secretions. = اسانس روغنی: اسانس گیاهان كه با روش تقطیر مواد گیاهی یا كانكریت آنها به دست می آید. منظورمان از مواد گیاهی گلها، علفها، ساقه ها، بذرها، برگها، ریشه ها، تنه و میوه درختان است. همچنین خزه درختان و سایر ترشحات درختان همگی از مواد گیاهی محسوب می شوند كه می تواند تقطیر شود.

EXTRACTION, Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. = استخراج: استخراج با حلال های فرّار موثرترین و رایج ترین روش به دست آوردن گیاهان است.

الکل = Alcohol
benzyl alcohol = بنزیل الکل، حلالی که به عنوان حامل در رنگ موهای نیمه دائمی استفاده می شود.

fatty alcohols = الکل های چرب

EMOLLIENTS — Oils and other ingredients that soften and smooth the skin and reduce dryness, roughness and irritation. In hair care products, they restore lost moisture to hair fiber, contributing to shine and strength. Examples: coconut fatty alcohols, essential fatty acids, shea butter, jojoba oil. (INCI dictionary) 
امولينت ها: روغن ها و تركيباتي كه پوست را نرم و صاف مي كند، خشكي پوست را كاهش مي دهند و زبري و تحريك پوست را كاهش مي دهد. در محصولات مراقبت از مو، امولينت ها رطوبت از دست رفته رشته هاي مو را جبران مي كنند و به مو درخشندگي و استحكام مي بخشند. مثال ها: الكل چرب نارگيل، اسيدهاي چرب ضروري، كره شي آ، روغن جوجوبا
SAPONINS (GLYCOSIDES) — Substances found in nature that foam readily in water, used as foam boosters, emulsifiers and mild cleansing agents in natural shampoos. Examples: quillaya, yucca, soapwort. Soaping agents with proper ties similar to plant glycosides can be made from coconut fatty alcohols and cornstarch glucose. Example: coconut/corn oil soap. (INCI dictionary) 
ساپونين ها (گليكوزيدها) موادي كه در طبيعت يافت مي شوند و خيلي سريع و راحت در آب كف مي كنند. به عنوان تقويت كننده كف استفاده مي شوند. امولسيون ساز بوده و خاصيت پاك كنندگي ملايم در شامپوها دارند. مثال ها: كوئيلايا يا كوئيلاجا، يوكا، گياه صابوني يا وارت صابوني. تركيبات صابوني كه ساختاري مشابه با گليكوزيدهاي گياهي دارد مي توانند از الكل هاي چرب نارگيل و گلوكز نشاسته ذرت به دست بيايد. مثال: صابون هاي روغن ذرت و نارگيل
CETEARYL ALCOHOL — A mixture of fatty alcohols. Helps stabilize the emulsion in products and has an emollient effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
CETYL ALCOHOL, MYRISTYL ALCOHOL — Coconut Fatty Alcohols. The long-chain fatty alcohols from coconut palm kernels, which are natural emollients. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ACID CREAM BASE — Absorption base containing essential fatty acids, coconut fatty alcohols from palm ker- nels, aloe vera and vitamins A, C and E. Rich in linoleic and linolenic acids (vitamin F), excellent nutrients and skin conditioners. In hair care products, it is often combined with the impor tant amino acids cysteine and methionine, which are high in sulfur and excellent for the hair and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ALCOHOLS — See Cetyl alcohol, Myristyl alcohol. (INCI dictionary)
MYRISTYL ALCOHOL — Coconut Fatty Alcohols. The long- chain fatty alcohols from coconut palm kernels, which are natural emollients. (INCI dictionary)
Clove Oil – Eugenia car yophyllus Clovebud Oil – Eugenia car yophillata Cocoa Butter – Theobroma cacao Coconut Fatty Alcohols – Cetyl alcohol (INCI dictionary)
hydroalcoholic gel = ژل هیدروالکلی

cetyl alcohol = ستیل الکل

CETYL ALCOHOL, MYRISTYL ALCOHOL — Coconut Fatty Alcohols. The long-chain fatty alcohols from coconut palm kernels, which are natural emollients. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ALCOHOLS — See Cetyl alcohol, Myristyl alcohol. (INCI dictionary)
Clove Oil – Eugenia car yophyllus Clovebud Oil – Eugenia car yophillata Cocoa Butter – Theobroma cacao Coconut Fatty Alcohols – Cetyl alcohol (INCI dictionary)
Cetyl Alcohol: Wax originally found in spermaceti from sperm whales or dolphins but now most often derived from petroleum. Alternatives: vegetable cetyl alcohol (e.g., coconut), synthetic spermaceti. (peta.org)
ABSOLUTE, Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. = ابسولوت به ماده عطری بسیار غلیظ می‌گویند كه با استخراج الكلی كانكریت­ها به دست می‌آید. كانكریت با روش استخراج با حلال از گیاهان به دست می‌آید.

ALCOHOL, Denatured ethyl alcohol is added to a fragrance compound to serve as the carrier. It modifies the fragrance intensity and makes application to the skin easier. Concentration of alcohol to perfume oils varies from perfumer to perfumer. = الكل، اتیل الكل دناتوره به تركیب عطر اضافه می‌شود تا به عنوان حامل استفاده شود. الکل‌ها شدت عطر را اصلاح می‌کنند و استفاده از آن روی پوست را آسان‌تر می‌نمایند. غلظت الكل در عطر و نسبت آن به اسانس از عطّار به عطّار متفاوت است.

CONCRETE, Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. = كانكریت: ماده مومی شكل جامد كه با روش استخراج با حلال از مواد گیاهی مثل گلها، ساقه و برگ درختان به دست می آید. ابسولوت از استخراج الكلی كانكریت ها به دست می آید.

ENFLEURAGE, In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. = انفلوراژ: در این فرایند مواد معطر به داخل یك ماده مومی شكل جذب می شود و سپس روغنهای معطر با اتیل الكل جدا می شود. استخراج با انفلوراژ برای گیاهان ظریف استفاده می شود كه در اثر تقطیر ممكن است ملكولهای مواد معطرشان تخریب شود.

INFUSION, A solution obtained by prolonged contact with hot alcohol. = اینفیوژن: محلول هایی كه با تماس زیاد با الكل داغ به دست می ایند.

MACERATION, Is a method used to process flowers by steeping them in hot fats. The steeping process produces pomades. These are washed in alcohol for purification, and from this scented mixture, the extract of floral oil is obtained. = ماسیراسیون: روشی است كه در آن گلها را وارد روغن داغ می كنند سپس پماد به دست آمده را با الكل می شویند.

TINCTURE, Fragrant materials produced by directly soaking and infusing raw materials in room temperature or warm alcohol. = تنتور: ماده معطر كه در اثر خیساندن یا دم كردن ماده خام در دمای محیط یا الكل گرم شده به دست می آید. اگر الكل در دمای محیط استفاده شود به آن خیساندن می گویند. اگر در الكل گرم غوطه ور شود به آن دم كردن می گویند.

ویتامین = Vitamin
Pro-vitamin B5 = پرو ویتامین B5، ماده پیش ساز ویتامین B5، نام دیگر دپنتنول

Retin-A, tretinoin, form of vitamin A = رتین آ ، تریتنوئین، یکی از اشکال ویتامین َA

Vitamin A derivatives = مشتقات ویتامین A

vitamins = ویتامین ها

ANTIOXIDANTS — Substances that counter the destructive effects of free radicals in the body, which are a major cause of disease and aging. Antioxidants protect tissue against cellular damage by stabilizing free oxygen molecules. Often used in natural preservative systems to prevent oxidation of fats and oils. Some natural antioxidants are vitamins A, C and E, alpha lipoic acid and green tea. (INCI dictionary) 
آنتي اكسيدان ها: موادي كه با اثر تخريبي راديكال هاي آزاد در بدن مقابله مي كند. رادیکال های آزاد عوامل اصلي بيماري ها و پيري پوست هستند. آنتي اكسيدان ها از بافت ها در برابر تخريبات سلولي ایجاد شده در اثر رادیکالهای آزاد محافظت مي كند و ملكول هاي اكسيژن آزاد را پايدار سازي مي كند. اغلب در سيستم هاي نگهدارنده طبيعي استفاده مي شوند تا از اكسيداسيون چربي ها و روغن ها جلوگيري كند. برخي از آنتي اكسيدان هاي طبيعي عبارتند از ويتامي هاي A، C، E، آلفا ليپوئيد اسيد و چاي سبز.
AUBREY’S PRESERVATIVE — Natural preservative blend composed of grapefruit extract and antioxidant-rich vitamins A, C and E. This preservative extends the life of products by no less than one year and sometimes as much as three years, depending on the product. (INCI dictionary)
CANNABIS SATIVA OIL — Hemp Seed Oil. A rich emollient and skin nutrient, high in essential fatty acids (linolenic and linoleic) and antioxidant vitamins A and E. Very soothing and moisturizing to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
CAPRYLIC / CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE — Lightweight emollient derived from glycerin and coconut oil that helps suppor t the skin’s moisture barrier. A superb conditioning agent, it adds to the spreadability of creams and lotions and helps promote the delivery of vitamins and other beneficial ingredients onto the skin. (INCI dictionary)
CHENOPODIUM QUINOA — Quinoa Protein. One of the most complete plant proteins, high in vitamins, minerals and the sulfur- containing amino acids cystine and cysteine, excellent nutrients for the hair, scalp and skin. A fixative in hair styling products, it smoothes layers in the hair’s cuticle to strengthen hair fiber, reduce frizzing and enhance shine. Used in anti-aging creams and facial masks, it firms and nourishes the skin for a more youthful appearance. CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA — Chlorella. Made up of over 60% protein, this green micro-algae contains all the essential amino acids, and is high in chlorophyll and vitamin B. An excellent nutrient, often used as a skin hydrator. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS — Sweet Orange Oil, Peel. Essential oil expressed from the peel of sweet oranges (Navel, Jaffa, Valencia). An anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal used for its refreshing proper ties and pleasant scent. Contains flavonoids and vitamins A, B, C and E. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS GRANDIS — Grapefruit Oil. An essential oil extracted from the peel of the fruit. Used in creams and lotions for its astrin- gent and skin-freshening proper ties. Sometimes used as a fragrance. CITRUS GRANDIS EXTRACT — Grapefruit Extract. Shown tohave antifungal, antimicrobial and antiviral proper ties. Combined with antioxidant vitamins, it makes an effective plant-based preservative. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS SINENSIS OIL — Sweet Orange Oil. Essential oil ex- pressed from the peel of sweet oranges (Navel, Jaffa, Valencia). An anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal used for its refreshing proper ties and pleasant scent. Contains flavonoids and vitamins A, B, C and E. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ACID CREAM BASE — Absorption base containing essential fatty acids, coconut fatty alcohols from palm ker- nels, aloe vera and vitamins A, C and E. Rich in linoleic and linolenic acids (vitamin F), excellent nutrients and skin conditioners. In hair care products, it is often combined with the impor tant amino acids cysteine and methionine, which are high in sulfur and excellent for the hair and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
FUCUS VESICULOSUS EXTRACT — Bladderwrack. Seaweed rich in alginic acid, amino acids, polysaccharides, minerals and vitamins. Its essential oil is a stimulant and tonic. It is often used in massage lotions and some hair and scalp care products. (INCI dictionary)
HIPPOPHAE RHAMNOIDES — Sea Buckthorn Oil. Richest herbal source of antioxidant vitamins E and A (beta-carotene and other carotenoids), which help prevent the formation of free radicals. This nourishing oil is also high in essential fatty acids, particularly rare palmitoleic acid, a constituent of the skin’s sebum. An ex- cellent soothing agent for stressed or acne-prone skin and sunburn. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED VEGETABLE PROTEIN — Termed the building block of life, protein is our most import tant food, a leading source of vitamins and essential amino acids. Generally found in meats, eggs and dairy y products, protein can also be obtained from soy, wheat and other plant sources. Applied topically, vegetable protein is an excellent hydrator, readily absorbed by the skin for improved tex- ture. In hair care formulas, it combines with fatty acids and amino acids to coat porous or damaged hair and split ends. (See also Hy- drolyzed oat protein, Hydrolyzed soy protein, Hydrolyzed wheat protein.) (INCI dictionary)
ILEX PARAGUAYENSIS — Mate, Yerba Mate. This rainforest native is a powerful anti-inflammatory and nutrient, high in vitamins and amino acids. (INCI dictionary)
LINUM USITATISSIMUM SEED OIL — Flaxseed Oil. Emollient and anti-inflammatory, high in essential fatty acids, B vitamins, protein and minerals.Very nourishing to dry hair and skin, whether tak- en internally or applied topically. (INCI dictionary)
MACROCYSTIS PYRIFERA — Kelp. Seaweed high in iodine and vitamins A, B-complex, C and E. A skin and scalp nutrient, very sooth- ing and toning. (INCI dictionary)
MEDICAGO SATIVA — Alfalfa Extract. Natural cleanser and mild exfoliant high in vitamins A, B, C, D and E, and minerals. Used in face masks, bath oils, creams, and lotions, alfalfa is also rich in protein, which makes it an excellent ingredient for hair care products. Contains saponins (natural foaming agents). (INCI dictionary)
NASTURTIUM OFFICINALE — Watercress. Good source of vitamins A, B-complex and C. Soothing and conditioning, very ben- eficial to the skin. Also shown to strengthen and thicken hair. (INCI dictionary)
PERSEA GRATISSIMA — Avocado Oil. A good source of vitamins A, D and E, amino acids and sterols. Herbalists traditionally have used avocado oil in hair and scalp preparations and in the treatment of chronic dry skin conditions. Easily absorbed by the skin and scalp, it is very soothing and nourishing. (INCI dictionary)
PHOSPHOLIPIDS (LIPOSOMES) — Fatty substances that are im- por tant constituents of cell membranes. Plant phospholipids are similar to human phospholipids and are readily absorbed into the skin. Phospholipids obtained from soybean oil in the form of leci- thin are used to make liposomes, which act as delivery agents for vitamins and humectants. (See also Liposomes.) (INCI dictionary)
ROYAL JELLY — Substance secreted in the digestive tube of worker bees. A powerful nutrient high in amino acids, minerals and vitamins A, B, C and E.Very soothing and moisturizing to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
TOFU — Derived from soybeans, this rich plant food is high in protein, calcium, B vitamins and other nutrients beneficial to hair, scalp and skin. An excellent addition to absorption bases. (INCI dictionary)
VITAMINS A, C AND E — Their combined action, blended with grapefruit extract, makes an excellent natural preservative. (INCI dictionary)
YEAST — High in protein and B vitamins. Added to cosmetics for its nutritional proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
ARGAN OIL: From the deserts of Morocco, sustainably harvested, argan oil generously supplies the skin with vitamins C and E and other essential lipids. Skin's lipid supply is restored. The cutaneous barrier is maintained when used for cleansing. (cellularskinrx.com)
Linoleic Acid: An essential fatty acid. Used in cosmetics, vitamins. Alternatives: (See alternatives to Fatty Acids.) (peta.org)
Fish Liver Oil: Used in vitamins and supplements. In milk fortified with vitamin D. Alternatives: yeast extract ergosterol, exposure of skin to sunshine. (peta.org)
Duodenum Substances: From the digestive tracts of cows and pigs. Added to some vitamin tablets. In some medicines. Alternatives: vegetarian vitamins, synthetics. (peta.org)
Nucleic Acids: In the nucleus of all living cells. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, conditioners, etc. Also in vitamins, supplements. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
Amino Acids: The building blocks of protein in all animals and plants. In cosmetics, vitamins, supplements, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: synthetics, plant sources. (peta.org)
Bone Meal: Crushed or ground animal bones. In some fertilizers. In some vitamins and supplements as a source of calcium. In toothpastes. Alternatives: plant mulch, vegetable compost, dolomite, clay, vegetarian vitamins. (peta.org)
Vitamin A: Can come from fish liver oil (e.g., shark liver oil), egg yolk, butter, lemongrass, wheat germ oil, carotene in carrots, and synthetics. An aliphatic alcohol. In cosmetics, creams, perfumes, hair dyes, etc. In vitamins, supplements. Alternatives: carrots, other vegetables, synthetics. (Please note that Vitamin A exists in two forms: see also Carotene, Retinol.) (peta.org)
Vitamin B12: Can come from animal products or bacteria cultures. Twinlab B12 vitamins contain gelatin. Alternatives: vegetarian vitamins, fortified soy milks, nutritional yeast, fortified meat substitutes. Vitamin B12 is often listed as “cyanocobalamin” on food labels. Vegan health professionals caution that vegans get 5–10 mcg/day of vitamin B12from fortified foods or supplements. (peta.org)
Vitamin D Ergocalciferol Vitamin D2 Ergosterol Provitamin D2 Calciferol Vitamin D3: Vitamin D can come from fish liver oil, milk, egg yolks, and other animal products but can also come from plant sources. Vitamin D2 is typically vegan. Vitamin D3 may be from an animal source. All the D vitamins can be in creams, lotions, other cosmetics, vitamin tablets, etc. Alternatives: plant and mineral sources, synthetics, completely vegetarian vitamins, exposure of skin to sunshine. (peta.org)
Gelatin Gel: Protein obtained by boiling skin, tendons, ligaments, and/or bones in water. From cows and pigs. Used in shampoos, face masks, and other cosmetics. Used as a thickener for fruit gelatins and puddings (e.g., Jell-O). In candies, marshmallows, cakes, ice cream, yogurts. On photographic film and in vitamins as a coating and as capsules. Sometimes used to assist in “clearing” wines. Alternatives: carrageen (carrageenan, Irish moss), seaweeds (algin, agar-agar, kelp—used in jellies, plastics, medicine), pectin from fruits, dextrins, locust bean gum, cotton gum, silica gel. Marshmallows were originally made from the root of the marshmallow plant. Vegetarian capsules are now available from several companies. Digital cameras don’t use film. (peta.org)
vitamin = ویتامین

ANTIOXIDANTS — Substances that counter the destructive effects of free radicals in the body, which are a major cause of disease and aging. Antioxidants protect tissue against cellular damage by stabilizing free oxygen molecules. Often used in natural preservative systems to prevent oxidation of fats and oils. Some natural antioxidants are vitamins A, C and E, alpha lipoic acid and green tea. (INCI dictionary) 
آنتي اكسيدان ها: موادي كه با اثر تخريبي راديكال هاي آزاد در بدن مقابله مي كند. رادیکال های آزاد عوامل اصلي بيماري ها و پيري پوست هستند. آنتي اكسيدان ها از بافت ها در برابر تخريبات سلولي ایجاد شده در اثر رادیکالهای آزاد محافظت مي كند و ملكول هاي اكسيژن آزاد را پايدار سازي مي كند. اغلب در سيستم هاي نگهدارنده طبيعي استفاده مي شوند تا از اكسيداسيون چربي ها و روغن ها جلوگيري كند. برخي از آنتي اكسيدان هاي طبيعي عبارتند از ويتامي هاي A، C، E، آلفا ليپوئيد اسيد و چاي سبز.
ADANSONIA DIGITATA — Baobab Oil. Rich emollient helps maintain skin elasticity and restore moisture to dehydrated, sun-stressed skin and dry hair. Its high vitamin D content makes it ideal for after sun use. Also rich in antioxidants—particularly vitamin C—and essential fatty acids, very nourishing to the skin. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن بائوباب امولينت قدرتمند كه باعث حفظ كشساني پوست گرديده و رطوبت پوست دِهيدراته را تامين مي كند. رطوبت پوستي كه در اثر مواجهه با تنش هاي آفتاب دِهيدراته شده و موي خشك شده را جبران مي كند. داراي ويتامين دي به مقدار زياد مي باشد كه از اين تركيب محصولي ايده آل براي ساخت كرم هاي اَفترسان ساخته است. همچنين داراي آنتي اكسيدان هاي ديگري به ويژه ويتامين C و اسيدهاي چرب ضروري مي باشد كه بسيار تغذيه كننده پوست هستند.
ALGAE EXTRACT — A blend of different varieties of red algae, this powerful nutrient is rich in amino acids, antioxidant vitamin C and vitamin B-12. (INCI dictionary) 
عصاره جلبك: آميزه اي از انواع مختلف جلبك هاي قرمز، غني از اسيدهاي آمينه، آنتي اكسيدان، ويتامين C و ويتامين ب 12.
ARGANIA SPINOSA — Argan Oil. Nutrient-rich oil, high in essential fatty acids and antioxidant vitamin E. Supports the skin’s collagen and improves softness and elasticity. In hair care products, it rehydrates and smoothes the hair cuticle to help reduce frizzing and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
ARNICA MONTANA — Arnica Oil. Herbal extract used in hair tonics and massage preparations for its nourishing and anti-inflammatory proper ties. Combined with vitamin E, it is an excellent natural deodorant. (INCI dictionary)
ASCORBIC ACID — Vitamin C. Powerful antioxidant and nutrient, very beneficial to the skin. Plays an essential role in building collagen, the connective tissue that makes up 70 percent of our skin. Vitamin C is also a natural preservative, protecting both the oil and water phases of cosmetics. Ascorbic acid is a water-soluble form of vitamin C. (See also Calcium ascorbate.) (INCI dictionary) 
آسکوربيك اسيد يا ويتامين سي: آ‌نتي اكسيدان و ماده مغذي قدرتمند است كه براي پوست مزاياي زيادي دارد. نقش اساسي در ساخت كلاژن دارد كه 70 درصد بافت هم بند پوست را تشكيل مي دهد. ويتامين سي همچنين يك ماده پرزرواتيو يا نگهدارنده طبيعي است كه فاز آبي و روغني محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي را محافظت مي كند. آسکوربيك اسيد فرم قابل حل در آب ويتامين سي است. (به كلسيم آسكوربات نيز مراجعه شود)
ASCORBYL PALMATE, ASCORBYL PALMITATE — An oil-soluble form of vitamin C. (See also Ascorbic acid.) (INCI dictionary)
AUBREY’S PRESERVATIVE — Natural preservative blend composed of grapefruit extract and antioxidant-rich vitamins A, C and E. This preservative extends the life of products by no less than one year and sometimes as much as three years, depending on the product. (INCI dictionary)
BETA-CAROTENE — Orange or red compounds, precursors to vitamin A, which occur naturally in plants. Essential for skin health. (See also Daucus carota sativa root extract.) (INCI dictionary)
BIOTIN — Also known as vitamin H, biotin is par t of the B vita- min group. It is an impor tant factor in the growth of tissue and the proper functioning of the oil glands. A biotin deficiency can lead to fry skin, seborrheic dermatitis and the formation of dandruff and crusts in the scalp. Biotin is vital for the maintenance of a normal fat metabolism, and is essential for hair growth and scalp health. (INCI dictionary)
CALCIUM ASCORBATE — Ester-C® Topical. A patented form of natural vitamin C, both oil- and water-soluble, clinically shown to retain its potency longer than other forms.While ordinary vitamin C degrades quickly in skin care products, Ester-C® Topical is stable and delivers the full benefit of this powerful antioxidant, penetrating into deep layers of the skin to promote collagen production. (Ester-C® is a registered trademark of Inter-Cal Corporation.) (INCI dictionary)
CANNABIS SATIVA OIL — Hemp Seed Oil. A rich emollient and skin nutrient, high in essential fatty acids (linolenic and linoleic) and antioxidant vitamins A and E. Very soothing and moisturizing to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
CAPRYLIC / CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE — Lightweight emollient derived from glycerin and coconut oil that helps suppor t the skin’s moisture barrier. A superb conditioning agent, it adds to the spreadability of creams and lotions and helps promote the delivery of vitamins and other beneficial ingredients onto the skin. (INCI dictionary)
from safflower seeds. Rich in skin-soothing oleic acid and vitamin E. (INCI dictionary)
CHENOPODIUM QUINOA — Quinoa Protein. One of the most complete plant proteins, high in vitamins, minerals and the sulfur- containing amino acids cystine and cysteine, excellent nutrients for the hair, scalp and skin. A fixative in hair styling products, it smoothes layers in the hair’s cuticle to strengthen hair fiber, reduce frizzing and enhance shine. Used in anti-aging creams and facial masks, it firms and nourishes the skin for a more youthful appearance. CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA — Chlorella. Made up of over 60% protein, this green micro-algae contains all the essential amino acids, and is high in chlorophyll and vitamin B. An excellent nutrient, often used as a skin hydrator. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS — Sweet Orange Oil, Peel. Essential oil expressed from the peel of sweet oranges (Navel, Jaffa, Valencia). An anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal used for its refreshing proper ties and pleasant scent. Contains flavonoids and vitamins A, B, C and E. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS GRANDIS — Grapefruit Oil. An essential oil extracted from the peel of the fruit. Used in creams and lotions for its astrin- gent and skin-freshening proper ties. Sometimes used as a fragrance. CITRUS GRANDIS EXTRACT — Grapefruit Extract. Shown tohave antifungal, antimicrobial and antiviral proper ties. Combined with antioxidant vitamins, it makes an effective plant-based preservative. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS SINENSIS — Orange Pith Juice.The plant liquid squeezed from the pith and peel of oranges after they have been juiced. High in vitamin C and pectinic acid, it helps smooth the cuticle of the hair to lock in nutrients and enhance shine. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS SINENSIS OIL — Sweet Orange Oil. Essential oil ex- pressed from the peel of sweet oranges (Navel, Jaffa, Valencia). An anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal used for its refreshing proper ties and pleasant scent. Contains flavonoids and vitamins A, B, C and E. (INCI dictionary)
COCONUT FATTY ACID CREAM BASE — Absorption base containing essential fatty acids, coconut fatty alcohols from palm ker- nels, aloe vera and vitamins A, C and E. Rich in linoleic and linolenic acids (vitamin F), excellent nutrients and skin conditioners. In hair care products, it is often combined with the impor tant amino acids cysteine and methionine, which are high in sulfur and excellent for the hair and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
CUCUMIS SATIVUS FRUIT EXTRACT — Cucumber. Used in face creams, lotions and cleansers for its astringent, soothing and cooling proper ties. Rich in antioxidant vitamin C, an excellent pro- tector and skin nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
D-ALPHA TOCOPHEROL — Vitamin E. The most potent anti-oxidant vitamin around, it protects skin from cancer-causing free radicals and is essential for proper utilization of oxygen in the tissues. In cosmetics it also acts as a natural preservative, protecting the oil phase in creams and lotions. (INCI dictionary) 
دي آلفا توكوفرول، ويتامين E: قويترين ويتامين آنتي اكسيدان، از پوست در برابر راديكال هاي آزاد سرطان زا محافظت مي كند. براي استفاده بهتر اكسيژن توسط بافتها مورد نياز است. در صنعت كازمتيك به عنوان نگهدارنده طبيعي استفاده مي شود تا از فاز روغني كرمها و لوسيون ها محافظت كند.
DAUCUS CAROTA SATIVA ROOT EXTRACT — Carrot Oil. The seeds of carrots yield an essential oil rich in beta carotene, orange or red compounds that are precursors to vitamin A and occur naturally in plants. Also high in vitamin E, carrot oil promotes skin cell regeneration and stimulates the production of sebum in dry scalp and skin. Its high antioxidant content makes it an excellent natural preservative in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
FUCUS VESICULOSUS EXTRACT — Bladderwrack. Seaweed rich in alginic acid, amino acids, polysaccharides, minerals and vitamins. Its essential oil is a stimulant and tonic. It is often used in massage lotions and some hair and scalp care products. (INCI dictionary)
HIPPOPHAE RHAMNOIDES — Sea Buckthorn Oil. Richest herbal source of antioxidant vitamins E and A (beta-carotene and other carotenoids), which help prevent the formation of free radicals. This nourishing oil is also high in essential fatty acids, particularly rare palmitoleic acid, a constituent of the skin’s sebum. An ex- cellent soothing agent for stressed or acne-prone skin and sunburn. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED VEGETABLE PROTEIN — Termed the building block of life, protein is our most import tant food, a leading source of vitamins and essential amino acids. Generally found in meats, eggs and dairy y products, protein can also be obtained from soy, wheat and other plant sources. Applied topically, vegetable protein is an excellent hydrator, readily absorbed by the skin for improved tex- ture. In hair care formulas, it combines with fatty acids and amino acids to coat porous or damaged hair and split ends. (See also Hy- drolyzed oat protein, Hydrolyzed soy protein, Hydrolyzed wheat protein.) (INCI dictionary)
ILEX PARAGUAYENSIS — Mate, Yerba Mate. This rainforest native is a powerful anti-inflammatory and nutrient, high in vitamins and amino acids. (INCI dictionary)
INOSITOL — Naturally occurring in lecithin, this B vitamin is produced by the body in greater quantities than any other nutri- ent. Essential for cell respiration, it helps maintain skin and scalp health. (INCI dictionary)
LINUM USITATISSIMUM SEED OIL — Flaxseed Oil. Emollient and anti-inflammatory, high in essential fatty acids, B vitamins, protein and minerals.Very nourishing to dry hair and skin, whether tak- en internally or applied topically. (INCI dictionary)
MACROCYSTIS PYRIFERA — Kelp. Seaweed high in iodine and vitamins A, B-complex, C and E. A skin and scalp nutrient, very sooth- ing and toning. (INCI dictionary)
MAGNESIUM — A mineral essential for nutrition and absorption of calcium and vitamin C. Applied topically, it helps regulate oil production in the skin and scalp. (INCI dictionary)
MEDICAGO SATIVA — Alfalfa Extract. Natural cleanser and mild exfoliant high in vitamins A, B, C, D and E, and minerals. Used in face masks, bath oils, creams, and lotions, alfalfa is also rich in protein, which makes it an excellent ingredient for hair care products. Contains saponins (natural foaming agents). (INCI dictionary)
NASTURTIUM OFFICINALE — Watercress. Good source of vitamins A, B-complex and C. Soothing and conditioning, very ben- eficial to the skin. Also shown to strengthen and thicken hair. (INCI dictionary)
NIACIN — Vitamin B-3. An important B vitamin essential for blood circulation and healthy skin. (INCI dictionary)
PANTHENOL — Vitamin B-5. Natural hair thickener that helps give hair body and hold. An excellent hydrator, it nourishes and strengthens the scalp and promotes hair health. Also used as a natural skin hydrator, it is sometimes known as Pantothenic Acid. (INCI dictionary)
PERSEA GRATISSIMA — Avocado Oil. A good source of vitamins A, D and E, amino acids and sterols. Herbalists traditionally have used avocado oil in hair and scalp preparations and in the treatment of chronic dry skin conditions. Easily absorbed by the skin and scalp, it is very soothing and nourishing. (INCI dictionary)
PHOSPHOLIPIDS (LIPOSOMES) — Fatty substances that are im- por tant constituents of cell membranes. Plant phospholipids are similar to human phospholipids and are readily absorbed into the skin. Phospholipids obtained from soybean oil in the form of leci- thin are used to make liposomes, which act as delivery agents for vitamins and humectants. (See also Liposomes.) (INCI dictionary)
RETINYL PALMITATE — Vitamin A. Antioxidant vitamin widely used (both internally and topically) in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions. Its topical application promotes the formation of new skin cells and helps regulate oil secretion in the sebaceous glands. Par ticularly beneficial for dry or sun-exposed skin, it is often found in sun protection creams for its antioxidant proper ties and its soothing and hydrating effect on the skin. (A deficiency of vitamin A in the body reduces the mucopolysaccharides in the skin, which accelerates the skin’s aging process.) Also used as a natural preser- vative in cosmetics. (INCI dictionary)
RIBOFLAVIN — Vitamin B-2. Antioxidant B vitamin, an integral par t of the chemical process that produces glutathione, which pro- tects skin cells from free radical damage. Very beneficial to the skin and nails. (INCI dictionary)
ROSA RUBIGINOSA — Rosa Mosqueta® Rose Hip Seed Oil. Oil from the rose hips of a rare rose that grows in Chile’s Andes mountains. High in vitamin C, and linoleic and linolenic acids, essen- tial fatty acids necessar y for skin cell regeneration, it has been used by South American Indians for hundreds of years for its healing and moisturizing proper ties. Clinical tests have shown that Rosa Mosqueta®, applied regularly, helps fade scarring and skin discolor- ations and encourage skin cell growth.There’s no better moisturiz- er for dry or mature skin and brittle, damaged hair. (INCI dictionary)
ROYAL JELLY — Substance secreted in the digestive tube of worker bees. A powerful nutrient high in amino acids, minerals and vitamins A, B, C and E.Very soothing and moisturizing to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
SILK POWDER — Used in makeup powders to even out skin tones and leave the complexion soft and smooth. Obtained from silk threads, it is high in amino acids and vitamin E. (INCI dictionary)
TOCOPHEROL / TOCOPHERYL ACETATE — See d-Alpha Tocopherol (vitamin E). (INCI dictionary)
TOFU — Derived from soybeans, this rich plant food is high in protein, calcium, B vitamins and other nutrients beneficial to hair, scalp and skin. An excellent addition to absorption bases. (INCI dictionary)
TRITICUM VULGARE — Wheat Germ Oil. Extracted from the embryo of the wheat kernel. An anti-inflammatory and skin nourish- er that also acts as a natural preservative because of its high vitamin E content. (INCI dictionary)
TUSSILAGO FARFARA — Coltsfoot. Superb skin nutrient, high in polysaccharides, vitamin C and zinc. A natural anti-inflammatory and soothing agent, it helps soften and regenerate the skin. Combined with horsetail in hair care preparations, it strengthens and smoothes hair fiber and promotes scalp health. (INCI dictionary)
VITAMINS A, C AND E — Their combined action, blended with grapefruit extract, makes an excellent natural preservative. (INCI dictionary)
VITIS VINIFERA VINE EXTRACT — Red Vine. Extract from the leaves of the grape vine, known for its soothing, toning proper ties, and as an “anti-blotchiness” skin treatment. An anti-inflammatory, it helps reduce redness and irritation. High in antioxidant vitamin C, choline and inositol. (INCI dictionary)
YEAST — High in protein and B vitamins. Added to cosmetics for its nutritional proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
Nettle, Stinging Nettle – Ur tica dioica Niacin – Vitamin B-3, B-Complex Nutmeg – Myristica fragrans (INCI dictionary)
Vitamin A – Retinyl palmitate Vitamin B-2 – Riboflavin Vitamin B-3 – Niacin (INCI dictionary)
Vitamin B-5 – Panthenol (INCI dictionary)
Vitamin C – Ascorbic acid, Calcium ascorbate (INCI dictionary)
Vitamin E – d-Alpha Tocopherol (INCI dictionary)
Vitamin F – Glycer yl linoleate, Glycer yl linolenate (INCI dictionary)
Vitamin H – Biotin (INCI dictionary)
ARGAN OIL: From the deserts of Morocco, sustainably harvested, argan oil generously supplies the skin with vitamins C and E and other essential lipids. Skin's lipid supply is restored. The cutaneous barrier is maintained when used for cleansing. (cellularskinrx.com)
ASTAXANTHIN: Radical-neutralizing and the most powerful antioxidant in the carotenoid family. Up to 10 times stronger free radical protection than beta carotene and 1000 times more than Vitamin E, this red-orange carotenoid delivers powerful protection against lipid perodixation and oxidative damage, protecting cells, cell membranes and tissues from destructive aging surface radicals. (cellularskinrx.com)
BETA CAROTENE EXTRACT: This is pro-vitamin A in its strongest most active antioxidant form. It protects cell DNA from free radical damage, prolongs cell life and health. (cellularskinrx.com)
DEXPANTHENOL: A form of vitamin B5, volumizes, hydrates and repairs surface skin cells upon application. (cellularskinrx.com)
FERULIC ACID: Ferulic acid is an excellent antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals,thus preventing premature aging of the skin caused by free radical damage to elastin and collagen. Ferulic acid acts synergistically with other antioxidants, specifically vitamin C and E, to double their ability to protect the skin from UV radiation. (Interestingly, Ferulic Acid's antioxidant activity is actually boosted by exposure to UV light.) The addition of Ferulic Acid to solutions that contain l-ascorbic acid helps to stabilize 90% of the vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid) and 100% stability is conferred upon Vitamin E (tocopherol). Used in F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
HYDROLYZED RICE BRAN EXTRACT: The extract regulates melanin production and has been used in far eastern cultures for years to help brighten and lighten the complexion. Rice bran extract also contains lipoic acid, an antioxidant and vitamin B5, (niacin) to help improve cellular circulation. (cellularskinrx.com)
L-ASCORBIC ACID: It is the most effective form of Vitamin C and acts as a powerful antioxidant. L-Ascorbic Acid is the only form of Vitamin C that is easily absorbed by the skin and is a key element in any anti-aging skincare regimen. Skin is exposed to a variety of environmental insults on a daily basis. UVA/UVB radiation, smoke, air pollution and stress all contribute to the free radical/oxidation process that breaks down the collagen layer of your skin. During this oxidation process, environmental insults cause the skin to form free radicals (O1 molecules) that need to attach to other molecules to become stable (O2 molecules). These free radicals attach to the skin's collagen molecules. This contributes to the breakdown of this collagen layer. Skin starts to look old and loses its natural firmness and elasticity. L-Ascorbic Acid protects your skin from environmental damage and prevents the formation of free radicals. L-Ascorbic Acid is necessary for collagen production and helps to stimulate your skin to produce healthy collagen layers. Over time, the L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum will help to reduce hyperpigmentation, lighten brown spots and improve the texture and firmness of your skin for a younger-looking, more radiant appearance. The 12% concentration of L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum is formulated at a lower ph to ease absorption. It is suspended in a simple stabilizing solution to maintain the effectiveness of the Vitamin C over time. (cellularskinrx.com)
NIACINAMIDE: Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. It stops the skin cells that produce pigment from transferring that pigment to surface skin cells, thereby minimizing unwanted dark spots. It is also an effective moisturizer helping the skin produce more ceramides and fatty acids, which are crucial components of your skin barrier. As that barrier is strengthened, skin is better able to keep moisture in and irritants out. Redness and inflammation are visibly reduced. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer and F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
PANTOTHENIC ACID: A form of vitamin B5, volumizes, hydrates and repairs surface skin cells upon application. Used in F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
RETINOL: Retinol is pure active Vitamin A which is scientifically proven to produce healthy, plump skin cells. Because Retinol's molecular structure is small enough to penetrate the outer layers of the epidermis, it can repair deeper layers within the skin.  Collagen and elastin are positively impacted by the benefits of Retinol, as it stimulates the production of collagen in the skin layers, and helps to rebuild and repair elastin fibers. Retinol accelerates cell turnover, encouraging dead skin cells to naturally exfoliate more quickly, thus revealing healthy, fresh cells. It is an excellent ingredient that aids in the repair of sun damaged skin.  Retinol has been proven to be extremely helpful in the treatment of acne without the drying effects (cellularskinrx.com)
TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCORBATE: Stable, oil-soluble vitamin C ester able to be used in cosmetic products with neutral to high pH. Protects from lipid peroxidation and limits melaninogenesis. Limits UV damage and stimulates collagen production. Used in Smooth Surface Instant Line-Filler. (cellularskinrx.com)
TOCOPHEROL: Tocopherol (better known as alpha-tocopherol or Vitamin E) is a powerful oil-soluble antioxidant. It protects skin from free radical damage caused by UV radiation. Additionally, it is an excellent moisturizer. It is used regularly to promote wound healing and to treat severe sunburn. Vitamin E reduces the inflammation and swelling associated with sunburn thus sparing the exposed skin any further internal damage which leads to premature aging. Used in F*a*C*E Synergy Serum, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, and CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment. (cellularskinrx.com)
Linoleic Acid: An essential fatty acid. Used in cosmetics, vitamins. Alternatives: (See alternatives to Fatty Acids.) (peta.org)
Fish Liver Oil: Used in vitamins and supplements. In milk fortified with vitamin D. Alternatives: yeast extract ergosterol, exposure of skin to sunshine. (peta.org)
Duodenum Substances: From the digestive tracts of cows and pigs. Added to some vitamin tablets. In some medicines. Alternatives: vegetarian vitamins, synthetics. (peta.org)
Nucleic Acids: In the nucleus of all living cells. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, conditioners, etc. Also in vitamins, supplements. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
Biotin Vitamin H Vitamin B Factor: In every living cell and in larger amounts in milk and yeast. Used as a texturizer in cosmetics, shampoos, and creams. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
Amino Acids: The building blocks of protein in all animals and plants. In cosmetics, vitamins, supplements, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: synthetics, plant sources. (peta.org)
Panthenol Dexpanthenol Vitamin B-Complex Factor Provitamin B-5: Can come from animal or plant sources or synthetics. In shampoos, supplements, emollients, etc. In foods. Derivative: Panthenyl. Alternatives: synthetics, plants. (peta.org)
Carotene Provitamin A Beta Carotene: A pigment found in many animal tissues and in all plants. When used as an additive, typically derived from plant sources. Used as a coloring in cosmetics and in the manufacture of vitamin A. (peta.org)
Bone Meal: Crushed or ground animal bones. In some fertilizers. In some vitamins and supplements as a source of calcium. In toothpastes. Alternatives: plant mulch, vegetable compost, dolomite, clay, vegetarian vitamins. (peta.org)
Vitamin A: Can come from fish liver oil (e.g., shark liver oil), egg yolk, butter, lemongrass, wheat germ oil, carotene in carrots, and synthetics. An aliphatic alcohol. In cosmetics, creams, perfumes, hair dyes, etc. In vitamins, supplements. Alternatives: carrots, other vegetables, synthetics. (Please note that Vitamin A exists in two forms: see also Carotene, Retinol.) (peta.org)
Vitamin B12: Can come from animal products or bacteria cultures. Twinlab B12 vitamins contain gelatin. Alternatives: vegetarian vitamins, fortified soy milks, nutritional yeast, fortified meat substitutes. Vitamin B12 is often listed as “cyanocobalamin” on food labels. Vegan health professionals caution that vegans get 5–10 mcg/day of vitamin B12from fortified foods or supplements. (peta.org)
Vitamin D Ergocalciferol Vitamin D2 Ergosterol Provitamin D2 Calciferol Vitamin D3: Vitamin D can come from fish liver oil, milk, egg yolks, and other animal products but can also come from plant sources. Vitamin D2 is typically vegan. Vitamin D3 may be from an animal source. All the D vitamins can be in creams, lotions, other cosmetics, vitamin tablets, etc. Alternatives: plant and mineral sources, synthetics, completely vegetarian vitamins, exposure of skin to sunshine. (peta.org)
Gelatin Gel: Protein obtained by boiling skin, tendons, ligaments, and/or bones in water. From cows and pigs. Used in shampoos, face masks, and other cosmetics. Used as a thickener for fruit gelatins and puddings (e.g., Jell-O). In candies, marshmallows, cakes, ice cream, yogurts. On photographic film and in vitamins as a coating and as capsules. Sometimes used to assist in “clearing” wines. Alternatives: carrageen (carrageenan, Irish moss), seaweeds (algin, agar-agar, kelp—used in jellies, plastics, medicine), pectin from fruits, dextrins, locust bean gum, cotton gum, silica gel. Marshmallows were originally made from the root of the marshmallow plant. Vegetarian capsules are now available from several companies. Digital cameras don’t use film. (peta.org)
Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract, Alcohol Denat. (Alcool De Betterave), Viburnum Prunifolium Extract, Hydrolyzed Soy Protein, 3 Aminopropane Sulfonic Acid, Sodium Chondroitin Sulfate, Pvp, Pyridoxine Hcl (Vitamine B6), Ethyl Ester Of Hydrolyzed Silk, Panthenol (Provitamine B5), Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract (Procyanidols De Raisin), Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract (Extrait De Thé), Propylene Glycol, Methylsilanol Acetyltyrosine. (Phytocyan serum ingredients)
Micronized Gold 24k, Organinc Argan Oil, Camellia Oil, Olive Oil, Baobab Oil, Raspberry Seed Oil, Rosa Moschata Oil, Sweet Almond Oil, Neem Oil, Sesame Oil, Boswellia Serrata Oil, Vitamin E, Uva And Uvb Solar Filters. (Miriam Quevado Ultrabrilliant Sublime Gold Lotion Spray)
vitamin A helps to improve skin elasticity and thickness = ویتامین A به بهبود کشسانی و ضخامت پوست کمک می کند

vitamin A is an antioxidant that helps to prevent skin cancer = ویتامین A آنتی اکسیدانی است که جلوی سرطان پوست را می گیرد

اکسیدان = Color Developer, Bleach Activator
color developer, Bleach Activator = اکسیدان

کلاژن = Collagen
fibroblasts, a cell in connective tissue which produces collagen and other fibres = فیبروبلاست ها، سلول های بافت پیوندی که کلاژن و فیبرهای دیگر تولید می کنند

human fibroblastic collagenase = کلاژناز فیبروبلاست انسان

contraction of collagen fibrils = انقباض فیبریل های کلاژن

activation of collagen synthesis = فعال سازی سنتز کلاژن

collagen injection-like = مشابه تزریق کلاژن

collagen and keratin = کلاژن و کراتین

collagen matrix = ماتریس کلاژن

collagen stimulation = تحریک کلاژن 

collagen vii = کلاژن هفت

collagen = کلاژن

ALARIA ESCULENTA — Edible seaweed high in essential fatty acids and antioxidants. A rich moisturizer, it stimulates the creation of hyaluronic acid within the skin and helps support collagen and elastin to promote skin elasticity. It has been clinically proven to significantly increase firmness when applied twice daily to the skin for 28 days. (INCI dictionary) 
جلبك دريايي خوردني داراي مقدار زيادي اسيد چرب ضروري و آنتي اكسيدان. مرطوب كننده غني كه ساخت هيالورونيك اسيد را در پوست افزايش مي دهد و كلاژن و الاستين پوست را حمايت مي كند. و به اين ترتيب الاستيسيته يا كشساني پوست افزايش مي يابد.
AMINO ACIDS — Amino acids are “the building blocks” that make up proteins. Because proteins are necessary to every living cell and are involved in every major process in the body, amino acids are essential to health. Of the roughly 28 known amino acids, 80 percent are manufactured by the body. The others, known as essential amino acids, must be obtained from the diet. Amino acids support proteins in the skin (collagen, elastin, etc.) and, used in certain combinations, help regulate oil production in the skin and scalp. Human hair is made up of 18 amino acids, which is why many quality hair care products contain them. (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي آمينه: اجزاي سازنده پروتئين ها هستند. پروتئين ها براي هر سلول زنده ضروري هستند. حدوداً 28 نوع اسيد آمينه شناخته شده است. 80 درصد آنها توسط بدن ساخته مي شود. بقيه آنها كه به آنها اسيدهاي آمينه ضروري مي گويند بايد توسط رژيم غذايي بدن تأمين گردد. آمينواسيدها پروتئين هاي پوست (مثل كلاژن و الاستين) را حمايت مي كند. موي انسان 18 اسيد آمينه دارد، به همين علت در تركيبات محصولات مراقبت از پوست از اسيدهاي آمينه استفاده مي شود.
ARGANIA SPINOSA — Argan Oil. Nutrient-rich oil, high in essential fatty acids and antioxidant vitamin E. Supports the skin’s collagen and improves softness and elasticity. In hair care products, it rehydrates and smoothes the hair cuticle to help reduce frizzing and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
ASCORBIC ACID — Vitamin C. Powerful antioxidant and nutrient, very beneficial to the skin. Plays an essential role in building collagen, the connective tissue that makes up 70 percent of our skin. Vitamin C is also a natural preservative, protecting both the oil and water phases of cosmetics. Ascorbic acid is a water-soluble form of vitamin C. (See also Calcium ascorbate.) (INCI dictionary) 
آسکوربيك اسيد يا ويتامين سي: آ‌نتي اكسيدان و ماده مغذي قدرتمند است كه براي پوست مزاياي زيادي دارد. نقش اساسي در ساخت كلاژن دارد كه 70 درصد بافت هم بند پوست را تشكيل مي دهد. ويتامين سي همچنين يك ماده پرزرواتيو يا نگهدارنده طبيعي است كه فاز آبي و روغني محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي را محافظت مي كند. آسکوربيك اسيد فرم قابل حل در آب ويتامين سي است. (به كلسيم آسكوربات نيز مراجعه شود)
CALCIUM ASCORBATE — Ester-C® Topical. A patented form of natural vitamin C, both oil- and water-soluble, clinically shown to retain its potency longer than other forms.While ordinary vitamin C degrades quickly in skin care products, Ester-C® Topical is stable and delivers the full benefit of this powerful antioxidant, penetrating into deep layers of the skin to promote collagen production. (Ester-C® is a registered trademark of Inter-Cal Corporation.) (INCI dictionary)
CARNOSINE — Naturally occurring combination of the amino acids histidine and alanine, used in skin care products for its pro- tective and skin rejuvenating proper ties. An antioxidant and anti-in- flammatory, it protects collagen and elastin fibers in the skin from oxidative stress, improves elasticity and reduces wrinkles and other signs of aging. (INCI dictionary)
COLLAGEN — See Soluble Collagen. (INCI dictionary)
EQUISETUM HYEMALE, EQUISETUM ARVENSE — Horsetail, Bottlebrush. Nutrient-rich herbal high in silica, essential to collagen production. A vegan alternative to collagen treatments, it firms and refreshes the skin and promotes healing. Often used in conjunction with coltsfoot in hair care products, it strengthens the hair shaft and adds sheen and elasticity. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED ELASTIN — A naturally derived, water-soluble protein of bovine origin. Elastin is one of the three main proteins found in the skin, along with collagen and reticulin. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture. (INCI dictionary)
SOLUBLE COLLAGEN — Dermal protein that makes up 70 percent of the body’s connective tissue. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture to smooth and soften the skin, increase elasticity and diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. (INCI dictionary)
WHEY PROTEIN — A protein derived from milk. Helps suppor t the skin’s collagen. (INCI dictionary)
Collagen – Soluble collagen (INCI dictionary)
ARGININE: An amino acid that binds to the pure glycolic acid molecule. Once bonded, it allows for controlled delivery of glycolic acid into the skin over a prolonged period of time thus reducing irritation that usually accompanies AHA use. Promotes collagen synthesis and increases skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
CHLORELLA VULGARIS: Chlorella Vulgaris is a microalgae that stimulates collagen and elastin production while protecting these skin proteins from early cell death caused by inflammation enzymes elevated during stress. (cellularskinrx.com)
DARUTOSIDE: Also known as Siegesbeckia orientalis, Darutoside is a plant extract that is rich in emollients. By soothing the skin, decreasing inflammation, restoring collagen and promoting collagen production, this extract helps to improve skin elasticity and brightens surface appearance. Darutoside has been shown to stimulate tissue regeneration via collagen fibres which improves skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
FERULIC ACID: Ferulic acid is an excellent antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals,thus preventing premature aging of the skin caused by free radical damage to elastin and collagen. Ferulic acid acts synergistically with other antioxidants, specifically vitamin C and E, to double their ability to protect the skin from UV radiation. (Interestingly, Ferulic Acid's antioxidant activity is actually boosted by exposure to UV light.) The addition of Ferulic Acid to solutions that contain l-ascorbic acid helps to stabilize 90% of the vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid) and 100% stability is conferred upon Vitamin E (tocopherol). Used in F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: A powerful antioxidant that protects skin from free radical damage that causes premature aging. The polyphenols in green tea act as free radical scavengers soaking up these unstable molecules before they can damage the collagen layer. Green tea extract has also been shown to soothe, heal and calm irritated skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
L-ASCORBIC ACID: It is the most effective form of Vitamin C and acts as a powerful antioxidant. L-Ascorbic Acid is the only form of Vitamin C that is easily absorbed by the skin and is a key element in any anti-aging skincare regimen. Skin is exposed to a variety of environmental insults on a daily basis. UVA/UVB radiation, smoke, air pollution and stress all contribute to the free radical/oxidation process that breaks down the collagen layer of your skin. During this oxidation process, environmental insults cause the skin to form free radicals (O1 molecules) that need to attach to other molecules to become stable (O2 molecules). These free radicals attach to the skin's collagen molecules. This contributes to the breakdown of this collagen layer. Skin starts to look old and loses its natural firmness and elasticity. L-Ascorbic Acid protects your skin from environmental damage and prevents the formation of free radicals. L-Ascorbic Acid is necessary for collagen production and helps to stimulate your skin to produce healthy collagen layers. Over time, the L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum will help to reduce hyperpigmentation, lighten brown spots and improve the texture and firmness of your skin for a younger-looking, more radiant appearance. The 12% concentration of L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum is formulated at a lower ph to ease absorption. It is suspended in a simple stabilizing solution to maintain the effectiveness of the Vitamin C over time. (cellularskinrx.com)
MUNG BEAN SPROUT STEM CELLS: MMP enzymes have been identified as particularly damaging to the skin's extra-cellular matrix. Mung Bean Sprout Stem Cells protect collagen and the extra-cellular matrix from MMPs. The stem cells repair UV-damaged fibroblasts and reduce photo-induced inflammation that eventually leads to skin sensitivity and loss of elasticity. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
OXIDO REDUCTASES: Oxido Reductases is a powerful antioxidant agent that helps to reduce the oxidation process that can lead to premature aging. Oxido Reductases acts as a free radical scavenger, neutralizing free radical molecules in the skin that can lead to collagen/elastin damage. Oxido Reductases has also been shown to have skin lightening properties. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL PENTAPEPTIDE 3: Clinically proven to regenerate the skin's upper layers by stimulating collagen production, thus thickening the epidermis. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of the C-terminal portion of collagen I (the most common type of the nineteen forms of collagen) combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. One could look at Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 as a man-made precursor to collagen I. When this protein is added to cultured human fibroblasts it enhances the synthesis of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin. In vitro, Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen IV synthesis by 100-327% and to stimulate hyaluronic acidsynthesis by 267%. In vivo Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen synthesis by 30-117%. Image analysis determined the effect Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had on wrinkled skin. The six-month results are listed below, though significant results were seen in two months. Results: Mean wrinkle depth -- Reduced 17% Surface area: deep wrinkles -- Reduced 68% Surface area: moderate wrinkles -- Reduced 51% Mean density of wrinkled area -- Reduced 47% Skin roughness -- Reduced 16% Main wrinkle volume -- Reduced 24%. These results show that Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had a dramatic effect on reducing the quantity and depth of wrinkles. It also improved surface smoothness. (cellularskinrx.com)
RETINOL: Retinol is pure active Vitamin A which is scientifically proven to produce healthy, plump skin cells. Because Retinol's molecular structure is small enough to penetrate the outer layers of the epidermis, it can repair deeper layers within the skin.  Collagen and elastin are positively impacted by the benefits of Retinol, as it stimulates the production of collagen in the skin layers, and helps to rebuild and repair elastin fibers. Retinol accelerates cell turnover, encouraging dead skin cells to naturally exfoliate more quickly, thus revealing healthy, fresh cells. It is an excellent ingredient that aids in the repair of sun damaged skin.  Retinol has been proven to be extremely helpful in the treatment of acne without the drying effects (cellularskinrx.com)
SOY PEPTIDES: Soy peptides stimulate fibroblast proliferation and increase collagen and elastin synthesis. This results in firmer-looking skin. Soy Peptides are used to help prevent proteinase activity (as a result of exposure to UV light and ozone) from degrading collagen bundles in the skin. They can also can help to lighten hyperpigmentation and act as an anti-irritant, reducing inflammation. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCORBATE: Stable, oil-soluble vitamin C ester able to be used in cosmetic products with neutral to high pH. Protects from lipid peroxidation and limits melaninogenesis. Limits UV damage and stimulates collagen production. Used in Smooth Surface Instant Line-Filler. (cellularskinrx.com)
Elastin: Protein found in the neck ligaments and aortas of cows. Similar to collagen. Can’t affect the skin’s own elasticity. Alternatives: synthetics, protein from plant tissues. (peta.org)
Collagen: Fibrous protein in vertebrates. Usually derived from animal tissue. Can’t affect the skin’s own collagen. An allergen. Alternatives: soy protein, almond oil, amla oil (see alternatives to Keratin), etc. (peta.org)

بعد از = Post-
post-purchase rationalization = توجیه کردن منطقی بعد از یک خرید احساسی
post-liposuction = بعد از لیپوساکشن
post-pregnancy = بعد از حاملگی

قوی = Potent
potential mutagen = ماده‌ای که به صورت بالقوه خاصیت جهش زایی و موتاژنی دارد

Potentilla, Potentilla anserine = پنجه برگ چمنزاری، پتنتیلا، گیاه پنجه ای یا پنج انگشت

potent antioxidancy = آنتی اکسیدانی قوی

inhibitory potential = توان ممانعت

potent = قوی

SOAP —A natural cleansing agent (surfactant) with the ability to emulsify oils and hold dirt in suspension. Bar soaps are made from the combination of fats, oils and/or fatty acids and sodium salts (sodium hydroxide, an alkali) dissolved in water. In liquid soap, potassium salts (potassium hydroxide) are utilized. While sodium and potassium salts can be harsh and drying, in a properly balanced formula, sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide cease to exist as separate entities when they combine with the oils to form soap, leaving no potential for skin irritation. (INCI dictionary) 
صابون: ماده پاك كننده طبيعي (جزء دسته سورفكتانت ها) كه قادر است روغن و چرك ها را معلق درآورد. صابون هاي قالبي با تركيب چربي ها، روغن ها و اسيدهاي چرب و نمك هاي سديم (سديم هيدروكسيد، يك ماده قليايي) در آب حل مي شود. در صابون مايع نمك پتاسيم (پتاسيم هيدروكسيد) استفاده مي شود. نمك هاي سديم و پتاسيم به خودي خود خشك كننده پوست و خشن مي باشد اما در يك فرمول به خوبي متعادل شده، سديم هيدروكسيد و پتاسيم هيدروكسيد به عنوان ماده اي مجزا موجود نمي باشد چرا كه با روغن ها تركيب شده و صابون تشكيل داده و بنابراين محرك پوست نمي باشد.
D-ALPHA TOCOPHEROL — Vitamin E. The most potent anti-oxidant vitamin around, it protects skin from cancer-causing free radicals and is essential for proper utilization of oxygen in the tissues. In cosmetics it also acts as a natural preservative, protecting the oil phase in creams and lotions. (INCI dictionary) 
دي آلفا توكوفرول، ويتامين E: قويترين ويتامين آنتي اكسيدان، از پوست در برابر راديكال هاي آزاد سرطان زا محافظت مي كند. براي استفاده بهتر اكسيژن توسط بافتها مورد نياز است. در صنعت كازمتيك به عنوان نگهدارنده طبيعي استفاده مي شود تا از فاز روغني كرمها و لوسيون ها محافظت كند.
PUNICA GRANATUM — Pomegranate Extract. A potent antioxidant and nutrient. Helps suppor ts skin cell regeneration. (INCI dictionary)
NIACINAMIDE: Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. It stops the skin cells that produce pigment from transferring that pigment to surface skin cells, thereby minimizing unwanted dark spots. It is also an effective moisturizer helping the skin produce more ceramides and fatty acids, which are crucial components of your skin barrier. As that barrier is strengthened, skin is better able to keep moisture in and irritants out. Redness and inflammation are visibly reduced. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer and F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE: Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (also known as palmitoyl pentapeptide, Dermaxyl, Matrixyl and Matrixyl 3000) is an engineered amino-peptide that when added to a culture of fibroblasts (key skin cells), stimulates collagen, elastin and glucosaminoglycans production. These are the key components of healthy-looking skin. Clinically proven to reduce wrinkle depth by increasing hyaluronic acid and collagen production, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide (PO)is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of collagen combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. As with Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, one could look at PO as a man-made precursor to collagen. PO was developed through research to identify a substance that would behave similarly to retinoic acid but without its drawbacks, especially in regards to synthesizing collagen. The reported results are as follows: In vitro: Increases collagen production by the fibroblasts by as much as 350%. Increases hyaluronic acid production by the fibroblasts by as much as 146%. In vivo: The following statistics were gathered using image analysis of volunteers who used crèmes containing a 3% concentration of Biopeptide-CL for 28 days. Surface roughness -- Reduced 17% Mean depth of wrinkles -- Reduced 23% Depth of main wrinkle -- Reduced 39% Skin thickness -- Increased 4%. The increase in skin thickness was considered especially notable and contrasts with the 6% reduction of the skin thickness that occurs after 10 years of aging. PO is a potent active cosmetic ingredient without the adverse effects (including irritation, dehydration or long-term toxicity and instability) characteristic of retinoids. Used in CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, Firming Peptide Eye Creme,  and Fresh Pout Lip Balm. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE 3: Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 has been clinically proven to suppress the body's production of interleukins (IL6), the chemical messengers that trigger inflammation, the first step in the aging cascade. Inflammation is a function of immunity and is a protective response to injury or destruction of tissue. This is the body's way of walling off the injurious agent and the injured tissue. Under normal circumstances, very little IL6 is secreted and its secretion is strictly controlled. However, as we age this regulation system develops defects, and significant levels of IL6 appear in the plasma even when there is no inflammatory stimulus. This results in high levels of inflammatory proteins in the tissues and a loss of healing potential. At concentrations from 10 ppm, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 induces a marked reduction in the secretion of the cytokine IL6. This reduction is progressive and depends on the concentration of the peptide: baseline secretion may be inhibited by up to 40%. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 reduced levels of IL6 after cells were exposed to UV radiation by up to 86% even though IL6 had been increased by about 20 fold by the UV. These results show that Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is able to affect baseline levels of IL6 as well as modulate the effects of UV-stimulated over-production of IL6. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is marketed by Sederma as a molecule that can restore cytokine equilibrium, which characterizes youthful skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
Oakmoss : A type of lichen that grows on oak trees that is crucial in chypre fragrances. Earthy, woodsy, and, of course, mossy, in scent. See: aforementioned potential banning. (intothegloss.com)
Basil is a common name for the culinary herb Ocimum basilicum. The word comes from the Greek word basileus, which means King. Indeed, basil is considered the King of herbs and plays an important role in both Italian and Asian cuisine. Basil is known to contain high concentrations of essential oils and potent antioxidants with anti-aging, anti-cancer, anti-viral and anti-microbial properties. (mibellebiochemistry.com/products/rootbiotec-ho)

کراتین = Keratin
corneocytes, terminally differentiated keratinocytes = کورنئوسیت ها، کورنئوسایت ها، کراتینوسیت های تمایز یافته از بخش انتهایی

stratum corneum, outermost layer of the skin, consisting of keratinized cells. = لایه شاخی، بیرونی ترین لایه پوست شامل سلول های کراتینیزه شده

Keratinization = کراتینه شدن، تبدیل شدن به بافت شاخی، شاخی شدن، سنگفرشی شدن

keratinocyte = کراتینوسیت، سلولهای اصلی اپیدرم که کراتین سازی می کنند

keratin = کراتین، پروتئین رشته ای تشکیل دهنده ساختار مو

Hair appears much more complex that they look and they play a vital role in our appearance. They are composed of strong structural protein called keratin. Below the surface of the skin is the hair root, which is enclosed within a hair follicle. At the base of the follicle is the dermal papilla. The dermal papilla is feed by the bloodstream which carries nourishment to produce new hair. The dermal papilla plays a crucial role in the dermal-epidermal interactions and is of great importance for the hair formation and growth cycle. (Capixyl)
ANDIRA ARAROBA — Goa Herb, Chrysarobin. A natural astringent, its chemical affinity to the keratin elements of the skin makes this herb an excellent treatment for acne, eczema and other skin conditions. A calming agent for itching, flaking or irritated skin. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED KERATIN — A combination of complex proteins, keratin is the key structural component of the hair, making up about 90% of healthy hair fiber. Used in hair products, it bonds to individual strands and forms a protective coating that helps seal in moisture and nutrients and smoothes the hair cuticle to reduce frizzing and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
KERATIN — See Hydrolized Keratin. (INCI dictionary)
Kelp – Macrocystis pyrifera Keratin – Hydrolyzed keratin Kukui Nut – Aleurites moluccana Laminaria – Laminaria digitata Lavandin – Lavandula hybrida (INCI dictionary)
RUBIXYL®: This engineered peptide signals skin cells to make more keratin and ceramides. It restores seven key epidermal proteins to normal levels helping to counter the glycation process that causes epidermal protein bonding to become disorganized. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
Hydrolyzed Animal Protein: In cosmetics, especially shampoo and hair treatments. Alternatives: soy protein, other vegetable proteins, amla oil (see alternatives to Keratin). (peta.org)
Collagen: Fibrous protein in vertebrates. Usually derived from animal tissue. Can’t affect the skin’s own collagen. An allergen. Alternatives: soy protein, almond oil, amla oil (see alternatives to Keratin), etc. (peta.org)
Keratin: Protein from the ground-up horns, hooves, feathers, quills, and hair of various animals. In hair rinses, shampoos, permanent wave solutions. Alternatives: almond oil, soy protein, amla oil (from the fruit of an Indian tree), human hair from salons. Rosemary and nettle give body and strand strength to hair. (peta.org)
Henna Color: Henna is a plant that contains a deep red dye used as a natural form of hair coloring. The active component in henna is lawsone, which binds itself to keratin (human hair protein) and washes away after several months- making it a semi-permanent color. Variations to the deep red color can be found as a result of mixing ingredients from other plants and vegetables, and even synthetic dyes. Sometimes, however, these synthetic dyes can cause some damage to the hair shaft. You need to be aware of how using henna can cause problems later when trying to perm or perform other chemical procedures on the hair. (thehairstyler.com)
Brazilian blowout, keratin hair straightening, keratin treatment = کراتینه کردن مو، صاف کردن مو با روش برزیلی

early marker of keratinocyte differentiation = شاخص مراحل ابتدایی فرایند تمایز سلولی

keratinocytes = کراتینوسیت ها، سلولهای سنگفرشی

human epidermal keratinocytes, HEK = کراتینوسیت های اپیدرم انسان

freshly isolated human keratinocyte = کراتینوسیت های تازه انسان 

keratinocyte differentiation marker = شاخص تمایز کراتینوسیت

Keratinization stimulation = تحریک کراتین سازی

keratinocyte differentiation = تمایز کراتینوسیت

collagen and keratin = کلاژن و کراتین

keratin complex = کمپلکس کراتین

vegetable keratin = کراتین گیاهی

keratinocyte culture = كشت كراتینوسیت

مولکول = Molecule
micelles, micelle, aggregate of surfactant molecules that arrange themselves in a spherical form in aqueous solutions = میسل، مایسل، تجمع مولکول های سورفکتانت که به شکل کروی در محلول آبی

skin-identical molecules = مولکول های مشابه ساختار پوست، منظور فسفولیپیدها می باشد.

entrapped molecules = مولکول های به دام افتاده 

Red5 molecule = یکی از مولکول های رنگ مو

Ozone, trioxygen, an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O3 = ازن، تری اکسیژن

active molecules = مولکول های فعال

survival molecules = مولکول های ناجی

color molecules = مولکولهای رنگ

Temporary Hair Color: Temporary hair color comes in various forms including rinses, shampoos, gels, mousses and sprays. The color molecules are very large and can only sit on the hair's cuticle- therefore they don't penetrate into the hair- making the color only last 1 wash. Temporary hair colors are great for a quick, temporary and relatively safe makeover (in any case always consult your stylist first). Just remember they cannot lighten hair, but can only temporarily darken and brighten. (thehairstyler.com)
Tints: Tinting is the process of mixing artificial color with a developer and applying it to the hair, causing permanent color change. The tint itself is made up of color molecules that go into the cortex and, with a little help from the peroxide activator, redeposits color after de-colorization has occurred. Tinting is a permanent process that requires careful thought and planning from a qualified colorist that understands the boundaries of what is achievable and best for your hair. (thehairstyler.com)
transporter molecule = مولکول ناقل 

molecule = مولکول

3.5 billion dollars a year attempting to treat their hair loss. There are numerous products on the market addressing this condition. The most popular are Minoxidil (Regain®) an OTC vasodilator medication known for its ability to slow or stop hair loss and promote hair regrowth, Finasteride (Propecia®) also a drug that acts by inhibiting the enzyme that converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in AGA and Aminexil® a patented molecule by l’Oréal. (Capixyl)
ANTIOXIDANTS — Substances that counter the destructive effects of free radicals in the body, which are a major cause of disease and aging. Antioxidants protect tissue against cellular damage by stabilizing free oxygen molecules. Often used in natural preservative systems to prevent oxidation of fats and oils. Some natural antioxidants are vitamins A, C and E, alpha lipoic acid and green tea. (INCI dictionary) 
آنتي اكسيدان ها: موادي كه با اثر تخريبي راديكال هاي آزاد در بدن مقابله مي كند. رادیکال های آزاد عوامل اصلي بيماري ها و پيري پوست هستند. آنتي اكسيدان ها از بافت ها در برابر تخريبات سلولي ایجاد شده در اثر رادیکالهای آزاد محافظت مي كند و ملكول هاي اكسيژن آزاد را پايدار سازي مي كند. اغلب در سيستم هاي نگهدارنده طبيعي استفاده مي شوند تا از اكسيداسيون چربي ها و روغن ها جلوگيري كند. برخي از آنتي اكسيدان هاي طبيعي عبارتند از ويتامي هاي A، C، E، آلفا ليپوئيد اسيد و چاي سبز.
When BTX is injected into a target tissue like a muscle or into the skin for anhidrotic effects, the heavy chain of the molecule binds to glycoproteins expressed specifically on cholinergic nerve endings. After internalization of the whole molecule by pinocytosis, the chains are cleaved within the cytoplasm. The light chain binds with high specificity to the soluble N- ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion (SNARE) attachment protein receptors essential for exocytosis. SNARE is involved in transportation of acetylcholine from the cytosol into the synaptic cleft. It consists of a vesicle-associated protein (VAMP or v-SNARE, also known as synaptobrevin) and two target (t-SNARE) proteins: plasma membrane synaptosome associated protein (SNAP-25) and syntaxin. Recent studies have shown that the light chain exerts a multi-site substrate binding imparting the protease with exquisite specificity. (J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2008 Jan; 1(1): 3–6.)
ACETYL GLUTAMYL HEPTAPEPTIDE: Acetyl Glutamyl Heptapeptide-1 (also known as Octapeptide or SNAP-8). This more powerful peptide is the elongated daughter of the acetyl hexapeptide molecule. It can significantly modulate muscle contraction thus preventing the formation of lines and wrinkles that are caused by repeated movement. It is especially effective in reducing wrinkle depth while acetyl hexapeptide is more effective in reducing surface muscle tension. (cellularskinrx.com)
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 30: A longer chain acetyl molecule cousin to Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 and 8. Similarly, it inhibits acetylcholine release both pre- and post-synaptically to block nerve signals that cause facial muscles to contract and eventually, form lines and wrinkles. This reduction in nerve signal intensity and muscular contractions reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. Use of Acetyl Hexapeptide 30 in combination with other Acetyl Hexapeptide molecules has an additive effect which is more powerful than using any of the amino-peptides alone. (cellularskinrx.com)
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE 8: An amino-peptide developed specifically to reduce wrinkles and the signs of premature aging. Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 is the longer chain molecule cousin of Acetyl Hexapeptide 3. Similar to AH-3, it is a cost-effective alternative to injections and surgical procedures. Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 temporarily limits the overproduction and release of neurotransmitters that initiate and control the intensity of facial muscle contractions. This reduction in intensity reduces and prevents the formation of dynamic wrinkles that make your skin look aged. Used in combination with Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 and Acetyl Hexapeptide 30, it results in an additive wrinkle-relaxing effect that is more powerful than each amino-peptide used alone. (cellularskinrx.com)
ARGININE: An amino acid that binds to the pure glycolic acid molecule. Once bonded, it allows for controlled delivery of glycolic acid into the skin over a prolonged period of time thus reducing irritation that usually accompanies AHA use. Promotes collagen synthesis and increases skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
ASSA FOTETIDA ROOT EXTRACT: This root extract protects skin from UV light-derived free radicals that cause damage to skin cell DNA. These unstable molecules are the root cause of wrinkle formation, inflammation and skin sensitivity. (cellularskinrx.com)
CAROB SEED EXTRACT: Phyto-repair molecules restore the balance of natural regenerative skin systems depleted by age. Accelerates the recovery of stressed skin tissue. Reduces redness, inflammation. Skin's resilience, color, and volume are increased. (cellularskinrx.com)
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: A powerful antioxidant that protects skin from free radical damage that causes premature aging. The polyphenols in green tea act as free radical scavengers soaking up these unstable molecules before they can damage the collagen layer. Green tea extract has also been shown to soothe, heal and calm irritated skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
L-ASCORBIC ACID: It is the most effective form of Vitamin C and acts as a powerful antioxidant. L-Ascorbic Acid is the only form of Vitamin C that is easily absorbed by the skin and is a key element in any anti-aging skincare regimen. Skin is exposed to a variety of environmental insults on a daily basis. UVA/UVB radiation, smoke, air pollution and stress all contribute to the free radical/oxidation process that breaks down the collagen layer of your skin. During this oxidation process, environmental insults cause the skin to form free radicals (O1 molecules) that need to attach to other molecules to become stable (O2 molecules). These free radicals attach to the skin's collagen molecules. This contributes to the breakdown of this collagen layer. Skin starts to look old and loses its natural firmness and elasticity. L-Ascorbic Acid protects your skin from environmental damage and prevents the formation of free radicals. L-Ascorbic Acid is necessary for collagen production and helps to stimulate your skin to produce healthy collagen layers. Over time, the L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum will help to reduce hyperpigmentation, lighten brown spots and improve the texture and firmness of your skin for a younger-looking, more radiant appearance. The 12% concentration of L-Ascorbic Acid in the C + Firming Serum is formulated at a lower ph to ease absorption. It is suspended in a simple stabilizing solution to maintain the effectiveness of the Vitamin C over time. (cellularskinrx.com)
OXIDO REDUCTASES: Oxido Reductases is a powerful antioxidant agent that helps to reduce the oxidation process that can lead to premature aging. Oxido Reductases acts as a free radical scavenger, neutralizing free radical molecules in the skin that can lead to collagen/elastin damage. Oxido Reductases has also been shown to have skin lightening properties. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE 3: Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 has been clinically proven to suppress the body's production of interleukins (IL6), the chemical messengers that trigger inflammation, the first step in the aging cascade. Inflammation is a function of immunity and is a protective response to injury or destruction of tissue. This is the body's way of walling off the injurious agent and the injured tissue. Under normal circumstances, very little IL6 is secreted and its secretion is strictly controlled. However, as we age this regulation system develops defects, and significant levels of IL6 appear in the plasma even when there is no inflammatory stimulus. This results in high levels of inflammatory proteins in the tissues and a loss of healing potential. At concentrations from 10 ppm, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 induces a marked reduction in the secretion of the cytokine IL6. This reduction is progressive and depends on the concentration of the peptide: baseline secretion may be inhibited by up to 40%. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 reduced levels of IL6 after cells were exposed to UV radiation by up to 86% even though IL6 had been increased by about 20 fold by the UV. These results show that Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is able to affect baseline levels of IL6 as well as modulate the effects of UV-stimulated over-production of IL6. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is marketed by Sederma as a molecule that can restore cytokine equilibrium, which characterizes youthful skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
Headspace technology: A method pioneered in the 1970s of capturing scent molecules and reconstructing their smell for perfumes. A bell-jar like apparatus is placed over the scented object and the molecules are extracted and saved. Once they’re analyzed, a synthetic version is created. This is how perfumes that are hard to distill, like gardenia, and notes like dirt, in Demeter’s much-lauded Dirt, are created. (intothegloss.com)
ANIMALIC: Characterized by bodily aromas or aromas most associated with traditional animal materials such as musk, civet and castoreum. These materials are now banned and have been replaced with musks obtained from plants and civet and castoreum smelling molecules obtained synthetically. (fragrance.org)
AROMA CHEMICALS: Molecules obtained from natural products or made by synthetic organic chemistry that have an aroma. Most of the synthetic aroma chemicals are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule obtained from a natural product. (fragrance.org)
SNYTHETICS: Perfume ingredients that are produced by synthetic organic chemistry rather than bio-synthetically by a plant. In most cases the synthetic ingredients used in perfumery are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule made by the plant. (fragrance.org)
Peroxide: Peroxide is otherwise known as hydrogen peroxide and is used in many ways in everyday life as a bleaching agent, disinfectant, oxidizer and antiseptic, but it's extensively used in hair color services as a developer or activator. Its primary role is to open the cuticle layer and allow tints or bleach into the cortex so they can then deposit or remove color by breaking disulfide bonds within the hair, releasing sulfur (hence the smell). When peroxide is mixed with hair bleach, the peroxide continues to de-colorize color pigments; but when mixed with tints, its role is to bond the new color molecule inside the hair. (thehairstyler.com)
Temporary Hair Color: Temporary hair color comes in various forms including rinses, shampoos, gels, mousses and sprays. The color molecules are very large and can only sit on the hair's cuticle- therefore they don't penetrate into the hair- making the color only last 1 wash. Temporary hair colors are great for a quick, temporary and relatively safe makeover (in any case always consult your stylist first). Just remember they cannot lighten hair, but can only temporarily darken and brighten. (thehairstyler.com)
Tints: Tinting is the process of mixing artificial color with a developer and applying it to the hair, causing permanent color change. The tint itself is made up of color molecules that go into the cortex and, with a little help from the peroxide activator, redeposits color after de-colorization has occurred. Tinting is a permanent process that requires careful thought and planning from a qualified colorist that understands the boundaries of what is achievable and best for your hair. (thehairstyler.com)
ANIMALIC, Characterized by bodily aromas or aromas most associated with traditional animal materials such as musk, civet and castoreum. These materials are now banned and have been replaced with musks obtained from plants and civet and castoreum smelling molecules obtained synthetically. = انیمالیك یا حیوانی، به بوهایی گفته می‌شود كه در عطرهای حیوانی سنتی مثل مُشك، سیوت و كاستریوم وجود دارد. این مواد در حال حاضر ممنوع هستند و با مشک‌های به دست آمده از گیاهان و مولکول‌هایی كه بوی شبیه سیوت و كاستریوم می‌دهند و به صورت سنتزی تشكل شده‌اند جایگزین شده‌اند.

AROMA CHEMICALS, Molecules obtained from natural products or made by synthetic organic chemistry that have an aroma. Most of the synthetic aroma chemicals are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule obtained from a natural product. = مواد شیمیایی آروماتیك یا آروماكمیكال ها مولکول‌هایی هستند كه از محصولات طبیعی به دست می‌آیند یا به صورت سنتزی ساخته می‌شوند و بو دارند. بسیاری از مواد شیمایی آروماتیك بوی شبیه مواد طبیعی دارند. به عبارت دیگر شبیه مولکول‌هایی هستند كه از طبیعت به دست می‌آیند.

مرطوب کننده = Moisturizers
Petroleum-based moisturizers = مرطوب کننده های به دست آمده از فراورده های نفتی 

Water-based moisturizers = مرطوب کننده های بر پایه آب 

moisturizers = مرطوب کننده

DYCAPRYLYL CARBONATE — Plant-derived fat used as an emollient and skin conditioner. Added to sunscreens, moisturizers and anti-aging formulations, it increases the spreadability of the prod- uct. It is considered a “dry emollient” for its ability to soften skin and replenish its moisture content without leaving a greasy feel. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERYL LINOLEATE, GLYCERYL LINOLENATE — Vita- min F. Skin protectors and revitalizers consisting of linoleic and linolenic acids, two essential fatty acids. Used in moisturizers, they soothe rough, dry or chapped skin on contact and help soften and revitalize dry or damaged hair. (INCI dictionary)
LANOLIN OIL — Lanolin. The oil obtained from the wool of sheep, used as an absorption base in moisturizers and hair products. (INCI dictionary)
MELALEUCA ALTERNIFOLIA — Tea Tree Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic and germicidal properties, similar to eucalyptus oil. Due to its strong odor, it must be used in small amounts in cosmetics, but makes an excellent addition to dandruff shampoos and therapeutic masks and moisturizers. (INCI dictionary) 
روغن درخت چای: اسانس روغني با خاصيت آنتي سپتيك قدرتمند، ضدباكتري (جرمي سايد) شبيه روغن اوكاليپتوس. به علت رايحه شديد و قدرتمندش بايد تنها به ميزان اندكي در محصولات آرايشي- بهداشتي استفاده گردد. در شامپوهاي ضدشوره و ماسك هاي درماني و مرطوب كننده استفاده مي شود.
PALMITATE — A salt or ester of palmitic acid, a fatty acid found in palm and other fatty oils. Often used in baby oils, bath oils, hair conditioners and moisturizers. (INCI dictionary)
PARIETARIA OFFICINALIS — Pellitory-of-the-Wall. Herbal extract known for its emollient and astringent effects. It is sometimes combined with the mallows elder and arnica in natural moisturizers. (INCI dictionary)
PINUS SYLVESTRIS EXTRACT — Pine Needle Extract. The ex- tract of pine-tree leaves, often blended with witch hazel, red vine and other herbals for its tonic, antiseptic and stimulating effect on the skin. Combined with hops, rosemar y and horsetail, it makes an excellent addition to celltherapy moisturizers. (INCI dictionary)
THIOCTIC ACID — Alpha Lipoic Acid. Powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory obtained from potatoes. Used in anti-wrinkle lo- tions and moisturizers for its protective effects on skin. (INCI dictionary)
Milk Protein: Hydrolyzed milk protein. From the milk of cows. In cosmetics, shampoos, moisturizers, conditioners, etc. Alternatives: soy protein, other plant proteins. (peta.org)
Cerebrosides: Fatty acids and sugars found in the covering of nerves. May be synthetic or of animal origin. When animal-derived, may include tissue from brain. Used in moisturizers. (peta.org)
Squalene: Oil from shark livers, etc. In cosmetics, moisturizers, hair dyes, surface-active agents. Alternatives: vegetable emollients such as olive oil, wheat germ oil, rice bran oil, etc. (peta.org)

گیاهی = Herbaceous
herbaceous = گیاهی

POGOSTEMON CABLIN — Patchouli. Aromatic essential oil used as a fragrance for its rich, herbaceous scent, and as a fixative in perfumes and soaps. (INCI dictionary)
Neroli: The essential oil from steam-distilling the orange flowers from the Seville Orange or Citrus aurantiam. It has a sharper, more citrus scent than orange blossom, which comes from the same flowers. Petit grain is the essential oil extracted from this same plant’s leaves and twigs, producing a woody-herbaceous scent used often in men’s fragrances. L’Artisan’s Seville À L’Aube features orange blossom. Tom Ford’s Neroli Portofino showcases the steam-distilled orange flower essence, and Comme des Garçons Energy C Grapefruit has petit grain. (intothegloss.com)
HERBACEOUS: A fragrance note that is grassy-green, spicy and somewhat therapeutic, e.g., thyme, chamomile. (fragrance.org)

فرمولاسیون = Formulation
make the formulations more robust = تقویت امولسیون ها، افزایش پایداری امولسیون ها

formulation guidelines = راهنمای فرمولاسیون 

base of the formulation = پایه فرمولاسیون

formulation versatility = تنوع فرمولاسیون

sturdy formulations = فرمولاسیون محکم

formulation = فرمولاسیون

AQUA — Water. In our formulations, we use deionized water, purified water that has had ions removed. (The deionization process also removes nitrates, calcium, magnesium and heavy metals.) A few of our products contain mineral water from a spring, either naturally carbonated, such as Perrier, or still, such as Evian. (INCI dictionary)
BETAINE – A natural humectant derived from sugar beets. Used in hair care formulations as a foam enhancer and conditioning agent. (INCI dictionary)
CAMELLIA SINENSIS OIL , CAMELLIA JAPONICA OIL — White Camellia Oil. Rich oil extracted from the white camellia flower, cul- tivated in the villages of China and Japan and used in hair and skin care formulations for thousands of years. A superb moisturizer and nutrient for hair and skin, it has antioxidant proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
CHAMOMILLA RECUTITA, MATRICARIA RECUTITA — German Chamomile. A softening agent for rough, dry skin, used since ancient times for its calming and conditioning effects. Its soothing and hydrating proper ties also work well on the hair and scalp. In hair care formulations, it brings out highlights in blond or light brown hair. See also Anthemis nobilis (Roman Chamomile);Tanacetum annuum (Blue Chamomile). (INCI dictionary)
DAUCUS CAROTA SATIVA ROOT EXTRACT — Carrot Oil. The seeds of carrots yield an essential oil rich in beta carotene, orange or red compounds that are precursors to vitamin A and occur naturally in plants. Also high in vitamin E, carrot oil promotes skin cell regeneration and stimulates the production of sebum in dry scalp and skin. Its high antioxidant content makes it an excellent natural preservative in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
DYCAPRYLYL CARBONATE — Plant-derived fat used as an emollient and skin conditioner. Added to sunscreens, moisturizers and anti-aging formulations, it increases the spreadability of the prod- uct. It is considered a “dry emollient” for its ability to soften skin and replenish its moisture content without leaving a greasy feel. (INCI dictionary)
EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS — Eucalyptus Oil. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties. Used in cleansers, massage formulations and bath soaks for its cooling, soothing effect on the skin. Herbalists recommend a few drops of the oil in a hot bath to open up blocked sinuses and help clear a stuffy nose. (INCI dictionary)
FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
GAULTHERIA PROCUMBENS — Wintergreen Oil. A tonic, stimulant and freshener, this aromatic oil has a warming action on the muscles and skin. Excellent in body rubs and bath oils, as well as mouthwash and toothpaste formulations. Is very high in salicylic acid. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERIN — Vegetable Glycerin. Rich humectant, emollient and lubricant naturally extracted from vegetable oils, used in cosmetic formulations for thousands of years. (Synthetic glycerin, otherwise known as propylene glycol, is highly irritating to the skin and scalp and should be avoided.) (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERYL CAPRYLATE — An emulsifier, also used in cosmetic formulations for its antimicrobial activity. (INCI dictionary)
GLYCERYL UNDECYLENATE — An emulsifier, also used in cosmetic formulations for its antimicrobial activity. Has skin-conditioning proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED OAT PROTEIN — A natural humectant used in skin care formulations for its powerful anti-aging proper ties. Used regularly, oat protein has been clinically shown to reduce the appearance of fine lines by 34% and deep wrinkles by 57%, and to keep skin hydrated for up to eight hours after application. In hair care preparations, it is an excellent conditioner and nutrient. (INCI dictionary)
MALUS DOMESTICA FRUIT CELL CULTURE EXTRACT — Apple Stem Cells. Harvested from a variety of Swiss apples, Uttwil- er Spatlauber, known for their longevity and ability to stay fresh for months, apple stem cells are used in skin care formulations for their anti-aging proper ties. Recent science has also discovered their pow- erful beneficial effect on the hair. Rich in phytonutrients and plant proteins, they nourish and suppor t hair follicles to encourage growth and help maintain hair health. (INCI dictionary)
MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES — Plant or animal substances that bind with water to form the thick, jelly-like material that cements cells together. Used in skin and hair care formulations for their ability to retain water. Mucopolysaccharides from aloe vera are best. (INCI dictionary)
PASSIFLORA INCARNATA — Passionflower. Analgesic, anti- irritant and sedative, its roots and leaves are used in skin care formulations for their soothing proper ties. (INCI dictionary)
SECALE CEREALE SEED EXTRACT — Rye Seed Extract. The highly purified extract from r ye seeds. An excellent ingredient in face creams and anti-aging formulations, it provides a gradual and long-lasting firming action and visually smoother skin. Has been shown to significantly reduce the depth and appearance of wrin- kles and fine lines by 25% with twice daily use. (INCI dictionary)
SESAMUM INDICUM — Sesame Oil. Similar to avocado oil, this rich emollient is high in linoleic and oleic fatty acids. Often used as a carry- ing agent for other ingredients in cosmetic formulations. (INCI dictionary)
VISCUM ALBUM — Mistletoe. An anti-irritant, known for its soothing proper ties on sensitive skin. It is often combined with fennel, hops, chamomile, balm mint and yarrow in skin formulations. (INCI dictionary)
Cysteine, L-Form: An amino acid from hair that can come from animals. Used in hair-care products and creams, in some bakery products, and in wound-healing formulations. Alternatives: plant sources. (peta.org)
COMPOUND: A compound is a completed perfume formulation ready to be used in a product. The term “composition” and compound are interchangeable. (fragrance.org)
PERFUME: Most highly concentrated form of fragrance, the strongest and the most lasting. Perfume may contain hundreds of ingredients within a single formulation. (fragrance.org)
PERFUMER’S PALETTE: The range of perfume ingredients from which a perfumer selects to use in the formulation of a perfume. There are 3400 raw materials available to perfumers – 400 naturals and 3000 synthetics. (fragrance.org)
PROFILE: A perfume or perfumed product profile is a description of the fragrance prepared by a marketer, which is given to a perfumer for inspiration and formulation. The profile contains all pertinent details in relation to marketing the new fragrance plan, type, name, package, color/theme, mood, impression, cost parameters, etc. (fragrance.org)
COMPOUND, A compound is a completed perfume formulation ready to be used in a product. The term “composition” and compound are interchangeable. = كامپاند به فرمولاسیون كامل عطر گفته می شودكه برای استفاده در محصول آماده است. كامپازیشن و كامپوند را می توان به جای هم استفاده نمود.

صاف = Smooth
Smoothness = نرمی، صاف بودن، هموار بودن

HYALURONIC ACID: Hyaluronic Acid is a naturally occurring substance found throughout the body. It plays an important role in tissue hydration, lubrication and cellular function. Used as moisturizer, hyaluronic acid results in increased smoothness, softening and decreased wrinkles. It is an excellent hydrator used frequently during post-peel procedures to lubricate and soothe new skin cells. It offers an excellent environment for the growth of new cells and healing. It is extensively used by the cosmetic industry and by dermatologists in anti-aging and moisturizing products as HA is very hydroscopic (absorbs and retains water). Hyaluronic acid can absorb over 1000 times its weight in water. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL PENTAPEPTIDE 3: Clinically proven to regenerate the skin's upper layers by stimulating collagen production, thus thickening the epidermis. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of the C-terminal portion of collagen I (the most common type of the nineteen forms of collagen) combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. One could look at Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 as a man-made precursor to collagen I. When this protein is added to cultured human fibroblasts it enhances the synthesis of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin. In vitro, Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen IV synthesis by 100-327% and to stimulate hyaluronic acidsynthesis by 267%. In vivo Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen synthesis by 30-117%. Image analysis determined the effect Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had on wrinkled skin. The six-month results are listed below, though significant results were seen in two months. Results: Mean wrinkle depth -- Reduced 17% Surface area: deep wrinkles -- Reduced 68% Surface area: moderate wrinkles -- Reduced 51% Mean density of wrinkled area -- Reduced 47% Skin roughness -- Reduced 16% Main wrinkle volume -- Reduced 24%. These results show that Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had a dramatic effect on reducing the quantity and depth of wrinkles. It also improved surface smoothness. (cellularskinrx.com)
smooth touch = احساس صافی در هنگام لمس

smooth, soft and silky hair = موی صاف، نرم و ابریشمی

smoothener = صاف کننده، هموارکننده

perfect smooth skin = پوستی صاف و بی عیب

smooth and even skin tone = پوست صاف و یکدست

velvety smooth = نرم مخملی

smooth = صاف

EMOLLIENTS — Oils and other ingredients that soften and smooth the skin and reduce dryness, roughness and irritation. In hair care products, they restore lost moisture to hair fiber, contributing to shine and strength. Examples: coconut fatty alcohols, essential fatty acids, shea butter, jojoba oil. (INCI dictionary) 
امولينت ها: روغن ها و تركيباتي كه پوست را نرم و صاف مي كند، خشكي پوست را كاهش مي دهند و زبري و تحريك پوست را كاهش مي دهد. در محصولات مراقبت از مو، امولينت ها رطوبت از دست رفته رشته هاي مو را جبران مي كنند و به مو درخشندگي و استحكام مي بخشند. مثال ها: الكل چرب نارگيل، اسيدهاي چرب ضروري، كره شي آ، روغن جوجوبا
ARCTIUM LAPPA ROOT EXTRACT — Burdock. Antiseptic and antibacterial used topically to calm certain skin conditions. Its oil extract smoothes and revitalizes the hair and tones and soothes the scalp. An excellent ingredient in conditioners, anti-frizz hair care products and styling aids for coarse, curly, hard-to-handle hair. (INCI dictionary)
ARGANIA SPINOSA — Argan Oil. Nutrient-rich oil, high in essential fatty acids and antioxidant vitamin E. Supports the skin’s collagen and improves softness and elasticity. In hair care products, it rehydrates and smoothes the hair cuticle to help reduce frizzing and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
CHENOPODIUM QUINOA — Quinoa Protein. One of the most complete plant proteins, high in vitamins, minerals and the sulfur- containing amino acids cystine and cysteine, excellent nutrients for the hair, scalp and skin. A fixative in hair styling products, it smoothes layers in the hair’s cuticle to strengthen hair fiber, reduce frizzing and enhance shine. Used in anti-aging creams and facial masks, it firms and nourishes the skin for a more youthful appearance. CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA — Chlorella. Made up of over 60% protein, this green micro-algae contains all the essential amino acids, and is high in chlorophyll and vitamin B. An excellent nutrient, often used as a skin hydrator. (INCI dictionary)
CITRUS SINENSIS — Orange Pith Juice.The plant liquid squeezed from the pith and peel of oranges after they have been juiced. High in vitamin C and pectinic acid, it helps smooth the cuticle of the hair to lock in nutrients and enhance shine. (INCI dictionary)
FRUIT ACIDS — A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the “glue” that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, there- by encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids). (INCI dictionary) 
اسيدهاي ميوه اي: گروهي از اسيدهاي طبيعي موجود در ميوه ها و گياهان هستند كه سالهاست در صنايع آرايشي- بهداشتي و در محصولات كازمتيك براي پاك سازي و ايجاد پوستي صاف استفاده مي شود. اسيدهاي ميوه اي با شُل كردن چسب هايي كه لايه هاي بيروني سلول را به سطح پوست مي چسباند عمل مي كند. به اين ترتيب لايه برداري تسهيل شده و سرعت تكثير و تقسيم سلولي افزايش مي يابد. نام تجاري پتنت شده براي اسيدهاي ميوه اي، اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي هست. اسيدهاي آلفاهيدروكسي كه بسيار در محصولات كازمتيك رايج شده اند در گذشته به عنوان حلال در تركيبات تميزكننده و همچنين در صنعت چرم سازي و دباغي مورد استفاده قرار مي گرفته است. برخي از منابع طبيعي اسيدهاي ميوه اي عبارتند از: زغال اخته يا بليبري، توت سياه يا بلك كارانت، گريپ فورت، گوجه، انگور. گلايگوليك اسيد، ماليك اسيد، پيروويك اسيد، بنزيليك اسيد، سيتريك اسيد، تارتاريك اسيد و لاكتيك اسيد جزء اسيدهاي ميوه اي هستند.
GLYCOPROTEIN — A protein linked to a polysaccharide (glycogen). Glycoproteins (ours are derived from yeast) contain sugars and amino acids, which help strengthen and smooth hair fiber. (INCI dictionary)
HYDROLYZED KERATIN — A combination of complex proteins, keratin is the key structural component of the hair, making up about 90% of healthy hair fiber. Used in hair products, it bonds to individual strands and forms a protective coating that helps seal in moisture and nutrients and smoothes the hair cuticle to reduce frizzing and add shine. (INCI dictionary)
JOJOBA ESTERS (BEADS) — Jojoba Wax Spheres. Made from jojoba wax, these perfectly smooth microscopic beads act as gentle exfoliants in masks and scrubs. A natural alternative to polyethylene beads (plastic) found in some skin care products. (INCI dictionary)
MICA — A transparent mineral used in powdered makeup to improve adhesion, even out skin tones and give a creamy, smooth feel to the product. (INCI dictionary)
MORUS ALBA — Morus Root. Extract of mulberry root bark, with anti-inflammator y and humectant proper ties. The Chinese use it for its whitening and smoothing effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
OLEA EUROPAEA OIL — Olive Oil. Rich emollient high in oleic acid, very beneficial to the skin. Used in hair and skin care prepara- tions for thousands of years for its softening and smoothing effect. (INCI dictionary)
ORYZA SATIVA STARCH — Rice Starch. Used in baby powders in place of talc, and in powdered makeup to improve spreadability and add a soft, smooth feel to the skin. (INCI dictionary)
PECTIN — Obtained from the cell walls of plants, the peel of citrus and the crushed pulp of apples. Used in hair care products, it helps smooth the cuticle to lock in nutrients and enhance shine. PELARGONIUM GRAVEOLENS — Geranium Oil. Essential oil with astringent and tonic proper ties, an excellent normalizer foroily skin. Sometimes used as a fragrance. (INCI dictionary)
POLYPODIUM LEUCOTOMOS — Calaguala Fern Extract. Used by Mayan Indians in skin and scalp preparations as far back as 350 B.C., this soothing herbal smoothes and conditions the skin and helps clear and tone the scalp and remove buildup. A superb addition to preparations for dry skin and scalp conditions. (INCI dictionary)
POPULUS TREMULOIDES — Aspen Bark Extract. A natural an- timicrobial, high in salicylates, which act as the plant’s natural defense mechanism. Has a smoothing effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
PRUNUS ARMENIACA — Apricot Kernels, Apricot Seeds. Ground into a powdered form, these ingredients are added to exfo- liating masks and scrubs for their smoothing effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
SECALE CEREALE SEED EXTRACT — Rye Seed Extract. The highly purified extract from r ye seeds. An excellent ingredient in face creams and anti-aging formulations, it provides a gradual and long-lasting firming action and visually smoother skin. Has been shown to significantly reduce the depth and appearance of wrin- kles and fine lines by 25% with twice daily use. (INCI dictionary)
SILK POWDER — Used in makeup powders to even out skin tones and leave the complexion soft and smooth. Obtained from silk threads, it is high in amino acids and vitamin E. (INCI dictionary)
SODIUM LAUROYL LACTYLATE — The sodium salt of lactic acid, a food-grade emulsifier and mild surfactant, used as a foam- ing and cleansing agent and to give the hair a soft, silky texture. The emulsifier of choice for natural products, it offers excellent moisturizing proper ties and leaves a smooth feel after application. It penetrates the top layer of skin to offer residual moisturization, extended fragrance release and enhanced delivery of actives. (INCI dictionary)
SOLUBLE COLLAGEN — Dermal protein that makes up 70 percent of the body’s connective tissue. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture to smooth and soften the skin, increase elasticity and diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. (INCI dictionary)
TUSSILAGO FARFARA — Coltsfoot. Superb skin nutrient, high in polysaccharides, vitamin C and zinc. A natural anti-inflammatory and soothing agent, it helps soften and regenerate the skin. Combined with horsetail in hair care preparations, it strengthens and smoothes hair fiber and promotes scalp health. (INCI dictionary)
BORAGE OIL: Plant-derived natural oil derived from the flower and seed pods, it protects the skin's natural lipid barrier. Smooths rough, dry skin. Provides essential lipids to the epidermis. (cellularskinrx.com)
HYALURONIC ACID: Hyaluronic Acid is a naturally occurring substance found throughout the body. It plays an important role in tissue hydration, lubrication and cellular function. Used as moisturizer, hyaluronic acid results in increased smoothness, softening and decreased wrinkles. It is an excellent hydrator used frequently during post-peel procedures to lubricate and soothe new skin cells. It offers an excellent environment for the growth of new cells and healing. It is extensively used by the cosmetic industry and by dermatologists in anti-aging and moisturizing products as HA is very hydroscopic (absorbs and retains water). Hyaluronic acid can absorb over 1000 times its weight in water. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL PENTAPEPTIDE 3: Clinically proven to regenerate the skin's upper layers by stimulating collagen production, thus thickening the epidermis. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 is a synthetic protein that is a fragment of the C-terminal portion of collagen I (the most common type of the nineteen forms of collagen) combined with palmitic acid to make it more lipophillic, to improve its stability and to enhance its affinity towards human skin. One could look at Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 as a man-made precursor to collagen I. When this protein is added to cultured human fibroblasts it enhances the synthesis of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin. In vitro, Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen IV synthesis by 100-327% and to stimulate hyaluronic acidsynthesis by 267%. In vivo Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 was found to stimulate collagen synthesis by 30-117%. Image analysis determined the effect Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had on wrinkled skin. The six-month results are listed below, though significant results were seen in two months. Results: Mean wrinkle depth -- Reduced 17% Surface area: deep wrinkles -- Reduced 68% Surface area: moderate wrinkles -- Reduced 51% Mean density of wrinkled area -- Reduced 47% Skin roughness -- Reduced 16% Main wrinkle volume -- Reduced 24%. These results show that Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3 had a dramatic effect on reducing the quantity and depth of wrinkles. It also improved surface smoothness. (cellularskinrx.com)
ROSEHIP OIL: Restores skin's youthful, fresh appearance by supplying necessary lipids, antioxidants C and E, linoleic and linolenic acids to the cells. Skin appears smoother, younger. (cellularskinrx.com)
ROSEMARY: Rosemary contains a phyto-lipid that helps skin to repair its protective barrier. Over time, it can inspire skin to increase its barrier lipid production by up to 450%. The result is increased moisture retention and a softer, smoother, plumper skin. Used in Calming BioLipid Repair Creme and Fluid. (cellularskinrx.com)
TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCORBATE: Stable, oil-soluble vitamin C ester able to be used in cosmetic products with neutral to high pH. Protects from lipid peroxidation and limits melaninogenesis. Limits UV damage and stimulates collagen production. Used in Smooth Surface Instant Line-Filler. (cellularskinrx.com)
TRIPEPTIDE: Tripeptide has been developed as an efficient smoothing and anti-wrinkle small peptide particularly effective against expression lines by relaxing facial muscles. This active tripeptide acts in a manner similar to Walglerin 1. Acting at the post-synaptic membrane, Tripeptide is a reverible antagonist of the muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (mnAChR). Tripeptide binds to the receptor; consequently it remains closed. In the closed state, sodium ions (Na+) are not released and the muscles stay relaxed. Clinical trials have shown that Tripeptide is capable of reducing expression lines/wrinkles by inhibiting muscle contractions. Used in SuperMax MultiPeptide Skin Solution Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
MELLOW: A fragrance that gives a balanced, smooth and rich impression. (fragrance.org)
VELVETY: A soft, smooth, mellow fragrance without harsh chemical notes. (fragrance.org)
MELLOW, A fragrance that gives a balanced, smooth and rich impression. = ملو: عطری كه رایحه نرم، متعادل و غنی دارد.

پوست سر = Scalp
Excessive scalp scaling = پوسته پوسته شدن بیش از حد طبیعی پوست سر
Scalp hyperseborrhea regulation = تنظیم فعالیت بیش از حد غدد چربی پوست سر
Scalp friendly alternative = جایگزین سازگار با پوست سر
scalp microbiota ecosystem = اکوسیستم میکروبی پوست سر
Oily scalp = پوست سر چرب، اسکالپ چرب
scalp = اسکالپ، کف سر، پوست سر
scalp excess sebum = چربی های اضافی پوست سر
Reducing scalp inflammation = کاهش التهاب پوست سر
Sensitive scalp = پوست سر حساس

فیتو = Phyto
phytosterols = فیتو استرول ها، روغن های ضد التهاب با ساختاری شبیه کلسترول، برای استفاده در کرم های ضد التهاب، کرم های آفتاب سوختگی و سایر محصولات آرایشی بهداشتی
phytodermatitis = فیتودرماتیت، درماتیت گیاهی، درماتیت تماسی در اثر تماس با گیاهانی مثل گزنه
Phytocyan = فیتوسیان، محصولات ضد ریزش موی واکنشی و زنانه از برند فیتو فرانسه
phytolium = فیتولیوم، محصولات ضد ریزش موی مردانه از برند فیتو فرانسه
phyto = گیاهی؛ همچنین نام یک برند فرانسوی به نام فیتو
phytomer = فیتومر

امولسیون = Emulsion
end of the process after emulsion = پایان فرآوری بعد از آنکه امولسیون سازی انجام شد.

on the condition that the emulsion is not shear sensitive = به شرطی که امولسیون نسبت به تنش حساس نباشد.

helps the stabilization of emulsions = به پایدارسازی امولسیون ها کمک می کند.

emulsion = امولسیون، مخلوط مایع در مایع

ARACHIDYL ALCOHOL — A fatty alcohol derived from coco- nuts, used as an emulsion stabilizer in cosmetic products. ARACHIDYL GLUCOSIDE — Obtained through the condensation of arachidyl alcohol, a fatty alcohol, and glucose. Used in cosmetic products as a surfactant and emulsifier. (INCI dictionary)
BEHENYL ALCOHOL — A fatty alcohol derived from coconuts, used as an emulsion stabilizer in cosmetic products. (INCI dictionary)
CETEARYL ALCOHOL — A mixture of fatty alcohols. Helps stabilize the emulsion in products and has an emollient effect on the skin. (INCI dictionary)
MAGNESIUM SULFATE — A natural anti-inflammatory, commonly known as Epsom Salts. Sometimes used as an emulsion stabilizer to keep products from separating. (INCI dictionary)
Nanoemulsion = نانوامولسیون، امولسیون نانویی

contributes to the stability of the emulsion = کمک به پایدارسازی امولسیون

makes emulsions more sturdy = محکم ساختن امولسیون ها

Oil-in-water emulsions = امولسیون های روغن در آب 

oil in water emulsion = امولسیون های روغن در آب

sprayable emulsions = امولسیون های اسپری شدنی

Water-in-oil emulsion, W/O emulsion = امولسیون آب در روغن 

Oil-in-water emulsion, O/W emulsion = امولسیون روغن در آب

استخراج = Extraction
carbon dioxide extraction = استخراج با دی اکسید کربن، کربن دی اکسید سوپرکریتیکال یا فوق بحرانی، حالت مایع دی اکسید کربن است که در آن، دما و فشار بیش از نقطه بحرانی می باشد. دی اکسید کربن فوق بحرانی یک حلال صنعتی است که در استخراج مواد شیمیایی نقش دارد و به علت سمیت کم و عدم داشتن اثرات سوء برای محیط زیست محبوبیت دارد.

solvent extraction, Liquid–liquid extraction also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water and an organic solvent. = استخراج با حلال یا استخراج مایع مایع که به آن پارتیشنینگ نیز می گویند، روشی برای جداسازی ترکیبات بر مبنای حلالیت نسبی آن ها به دو فاز مایع غیر قابل امتزاج (معمولا آب و فاز حلال ارگانیک) می باشد

extraction = استخراج

ABSOLUTE: Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. (fragrance.org)
CONCRETE: Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. (fragrance.org)
ENFLEURAGE: In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTION: Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. (fragrance.org)
EXTRACTS: Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. (fragrance.org)
Witch hazel is a small tree known for its softening, soothing properties. When formulating their family toiletry range, Yves Rocher Vegetal Biology Laboratories selected an organic witch hazel extract, obtained according to special rules of cultivation and extraction designed to deliver its properties intact. (yvesrocher.ca)
ABSOLUTE, Highly concentrated perfume ingredient obtained by the alcohol extraction of the concrete. The concrete is obtained by the solvent extract of the plant material. = ابسولوت به ماده عطری بسیار غلیظ می‌گویند كه با استخراج الكلی كانكریت­ها به دست می‌آید. كانكریت با روش استخراج با حلال از گیاهان به دست می‌آید.

CONCRETE, Solid waxy substance obtained by the solvent extraction of plant material, e.g., flowers, bark, leaves, etc. The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction of the concrete. = كانكریت: ماده مومی شكل جامد كه با روش استخراج با حلال از مواد گیاهی مثل گلها، ساقه و برگ درختان به دست می آید. ابسولوت از استخراج الكلی كانكریت ها به دست می آید.

ENFLEURAGE, In this process, aroma materials are absorbed into wax and then the odorous oil is extracted with ethyl alcohol. Extraction by enfleurage was commonly used when distillation was not possible because some fragrant compounds denature through high heat. = انفلوراژ: در این فرایند مواد معطر به داخل یك ماده مومی شكل جذب می شود و سپس روغنهای معطر با اتیل الكل جدا می شود. استخراج با انفلوراژ برای گیاهان ظریف استفاده می شود كه در اثر تقطیر ممكن است ملكولهای مواد معطرشان تخریب شود.

EXTRACTION, Extraction with volatile solvents is the most effective and commonly used method to obtain essences. = استخراج: استخراج با حلال های فرّار موثرترین و رایج ترین روش به دست آوردن گیاهان است.

EXTRACTS, Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents. = عصاره: محصولات حاصل از استخراج با حلالهای فرّار كه تغلیظ شده است.

ملانین = Melanin
melanin = ملانین، رنگدانه تیره، رنگدانه های مشکی یا قهوه ای که رنگ طبیعی پوست و مو را تعیین می کنند

HYDROLYZED RICE BRAN EXTRACT: The extract regulates melanin production and has been used in far eastern cultures for years to help brighten and lighten the complexion. Rice bran extract also contains lipoic acid, an antioxidant and vitamin B5, (niacin) to help improve cellular circulation. (cellularskinrx.com)
LIPOSHIELD®: Also know as phyto-melanin. Liposhield® is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
PHYTO-MELANIN: Also known as Liposhield®, Phyto-Melanin is the first cosmetic ingredient designed to protect the skin from damaging high energy visible (HEV) light. It is a fractionated melanin compound, and can be used as an additional environmental defense against High Energy Visible light (HEV). It is designed to shield the skin from high energy blue/violet visible light. This novel, patent-pending ingredient may help to prevent premature aging and hyperpigmentation. (cellularskinrx.com)
TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCORBATE: Stable, oil-soluble vitamin C ester able to be used in cosmetic products with neutral to high pH. Protects from lipid peroxidation and limits melaninogenesis. Limits UV damage and stimulates collagen production. Used in Smooth Surface Instant Line-Filler. (cellularskinrx.com)
melanocytes, mature melanin-forming cell, especially in the skin = ملانوسیت، سلول های بالغ ملانین ساز

melanin stimulating hormone, α-MHS = هورمون تحریک ملانین

pheomelanin = فائوملانین

eumelanin = یوملانین 

phototype, the Fitzpatrick skin type, Skin phototype depends on the amount of melanin pigment in the skin. It is assessed on a scale from 1 to 6. = فتوتیپ، تیپ پوستی فیت پاتریك، فتوتیپ پوست بستگی به مقدار رنگ دانه های ملانین در پوست دارد و از یك تا شش شماره گذاری می شود.

eumelanin = یوملانین

pheomelanin 2 = فئوملانین = فائوملانین

ترمیم = Repair
disinfecting and wound repair = ضد عفونی کننده و ترمیم کننده زخم

tissue repair = ترمیم بافت

repair = ترمیم

RETICULIN — One of the three main proteins found in the skin, often used in cellular repair creams for its ability to attract and retain moisture. (INCI dictionary)
BETA GLUCANS: Soluble Beta Glucans are extremely effective in increasing moisture retention and calming irritated skin. As Biological Response Modifiers, they also help to activate the immune system of the skin, challenging skin to repair itself at a deep level where sensitivity starts. (cellularskinrx.com)
CAROB SEED EXTRACT: Phyto-repair molecules restore the balance of natural regenerative skin systems depleted by age. Accelerates the recovery of stressed skin tissue. Reduces redness, inflammation. Skin's resilience, color, and volume are increased. (cellularskinrx.com)
DERMAXYL: Cell youthening Dermaxyl™, a patented oligopeptide and ceramide blend, inspires older cells to communicate like younger cells. When cells communicate more fully, repair