عطرساز = Perfumer 

عطرساز = Perfumer

نویسنده:

ehsan hosnani
گردآوری، ترجمه و نگارش: احسان حُسنانی




چکیده: معادل انگلیسی کلمه یا واژه عطرساز، Perfumer می باشد.

عطرساز چیست؟


شنبلیله، گیاهی که در غرب آسیا و اروپا که به عنوان ادویه و همچنین در عطرسازی کاربرد دارد. = Fenugreek
Fenugreek = شنبلیله، گیاهی که در غرب آسیا و اروپا که به عنوان ادویه و همچنین در عطرسازی کاربرد دارد.

پالت عطرساز = Perfumer’S Palette
perfumer’s palette = پالت عطرساز

PERFUMER’S PALETTE: The range of perfume ingredients from which a perfumer selects to use in the formulation of a perfume. There are 3400 raw materials available to perfumers – 400 naturals and 3000 synthetics. (fragrance.org)

عطرساز = Perfumer
perfumer’s palette = پالت عطرساز

PERFUMER’S PALETTE: The range of perfume ingredients from which a perfumer selects to use in the formulation of a perfume. There are 3400 raw materials available to perfumers – 400 naturals and 3000 synthetics. (fragrance.org)
Perfumer = عطرساز

Ambergris: A highly prized base note rarely used in non-synthetic form because of its rarity and cost. Why is it so expensive? Because of its origins: The sperm whale eats cuttlefish, whose bones are indigestible and painful to its stomach lining. As a result, it secretes a substance that surrounds the bones. This mass gets excreted, most likely from the whale’s back end. It then floats around in the water, ages, gets oxidized by the sun, and turns into the substance that washes ashore until it’s found by some lucky bastard who can sell it for more per ounce than gold. Ambergris smells earthy, sweet, tobacco-like, and provides a roundness and depth to perfumes. Christian Dior Dioressence perfume was said to have been inspired by perfumer Guy Robert’s encounter with both real ambergris and a knock-off Miss Dior soap. (intothegloss.com)
Musk: Musk is used to extend the life of fragrances and to add a sensual feel, and perfumers now use a large array of synthetic musks in perfume that range from dark and animalic to fresh and laundry-like. Musk deer were once almost killed to extinction for their musk glands, which, when opened, had tiny grains of musk that were tinctured and used in perfume. Narcisco Rodriguez for Her was a recent popular clean musk scent. (intothegloss.com)
Vetiver: An essential oil steam-distilled from the roots of a tall grass native to India—though Haiti is now its largest producer. It has an earthy, peppery, lemony, dusty scent that has been used extensively in perfumery. Guerlain Vetiver and Hové Parfumerie Vetivert are two great examples of this important perfume note. (intothegloss.com)
ALCOHOL: Denatured ethyl alcohol is added to a fragrance compound to serve as the carrier. It modifies the fragrance intensity and makes application to the skin easier. Concentration of alcohol to perfume oils varies from perfumer to perfumer. (fragrance.org)
AMBERGRIS: Lumps of oxidized fatty compounds, whose precursors were secreted and expelled by the Sperm Whale. Ambergris is commonly referred to as “amber” in perfumery. (fragrance.org)
ATTAR (OTTO): From the ancient Persian word “to smell sweet.” Attar or otto refers to essential oil obtained by distillation and, in particular, that of the Bulgarian rose, an extremely precious perfumery material. (fragrance.org)
BLEND: Harmonious mixture of perfumery ingredients. (fragrance.org)
COUMARIN: A chemical compound with a sweet, distinctive vanilla-like odor with grassy elements. Found naturally in some plants, it may also be produced synthetically. It is used by perfumers as a base note to add warmth and depth. (fragrance.org)
DRY DOWN: The final phase of a fragrance – the character which appears several hours after application. Perfumers evaluate the base notes and the tenacity of the fragrance during this stage. (fragrance.org)
HYDROXYCITRONELLAL: A beautiful lily aromatic, this synthetic is widely used in perfumery, particularly as the basis of all fragrances in which lily is incorporated. (fragrance.org)
IONONES: One of the most valued synthetic perfume ingredients. They have a fresh, violet aroma and were first introduced into perfumery in 1936 in Violettes de Toulouse. (fragrance.org)
MODERN: In perfumery, the modern era began at the beginning of the 20th century when synthetic aroma chemicals such as aldehydes were first used. A modern fragrance is a harmonious creation of the perfumer based on new notes or harmonies often unknown in nature. (fragrance.org)
MOUILLETTES: Strips of odorless white blotting paper, which the perfumer uses to evaluate a scent as it develops. (fragrance.org)
MUGUET: The French term for Lily of the Valley. One of the three most used florals in perfumery. (fragrance.org)
ODOR MEMORY: The ability of a perfumer to hold, and bring to recall, hundreds of single perfume odors and odor blends. (fragrance.org)
PERFUME ORGAN: Refers to a unit of semi-circular stepped shelving containing hundreds of bottles of raw materials. Arrangement is in a way to assist the perfumer in the creation of perfume compositions. (fragrance.org)
PERFUMER’S PALETTE: The range of perfume ingredients from which a perfumer selects to use in the formulation of a perfume. There are 3400 raw materials available to perfumers – 400 naturals and 3000 synthetics. (fragrance.org)
PROFILE: A perfume or perfumed product profile is a description of the fragrance prepared by a marketer, which is given to a perfumer for inspiration and formulation. The profile contains all pertinent details in relation to marketing the new fragrance plan, type, name, package, color/theme, mood, impression, cost parameters, etc. (fragrance.org)
SIGNATURE: The ethereal mark of a fragrance that makes a distinct impression on those who encounter it. Some perfumers’ works contain a singular signature, which is as individual as a fingerprint. (fragrance.org)
SNYERGISM: The ability of certain perfumery ingredients to work together to produce an effect greater than the ingredients could achieve independently. (fragrance.org)
SNYTHETICS: Perfume ingredients that are produced by synthetic organic chemistry rather than bio-synthetically by a plant. In most cases the synthetic ingredients used in perfumery are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule made by the plant. (fragrance.org)

Perfumer

واژه «عطرساز» در مقالات سایت احسان حسنانی

تاریخچه عطر و ادکلن

استخراج اسانس قدمتی طولانی دارد. وجود ادوات سفالین تقطیر که قدمتی 5000 ساله دارند، وجود گلاب در ایران و رم باستان از جمله شواهد استفاده از مواد خوشبو در تاریخ بشر است. در قرن 16 میلادی، کتابی چاپ شد که در آن 60 گیاه اسانس دار معرفی شده بود. شهر گراس در فرانسه و شهر کلن در آلمان محل تولید عطر و اسانس از قرن 18 میلادی تاکنون می باشند. سنگ نگاره هایی وجود دارد که مصریان باستان را در حال عطرسازی نشان می دهد. غالیه، دستنبو، شمامه، عبیر از جمله مواد معطری هستند که در آثار شعرای ایرانی یافت می شوند.
 Main source: Book of Esther در فهرستی که پس از شکست داریوش سوم (330 ق.م.) به دست اسکندر، از بخشی از اموال وی تهیه شد، به 14 عطرساز نیز اشاره شده است. به طور کلی 40 نفر عطرساز به همراه موکب شاه، به هر کجا که وی می‌رفت، می‌رفتند تا شاه در همه حال به انواع عطریات مورد نیاز خود دسترسی داشته باشد.
مشاهده مطلب

واژه «عطرساز» در منابع و ترجمه های احسان حسنانی


PERFUMER’S PALETTE: The range of perfume ingredients from which a perfumer selects to use in the formulation of a perfume. There are 3400 raw materials available to perfumers – 400 naturals and 3000 synthetics. (fragrance.org)

Ambergris: A highly prized base note rarely used in non-synthetic form because of its rarity and cost. Why is it so expensive? Because of its origins: The sperm whale eats cuttlefish, whose bones are indigestible and painful to its stomach lining. As a result, it secretes a substance that surrounds the bones. This mass gets excreted, most likely from the whale’s back end. It then floats around in the water, ages, gets oxidized by the sun, and turns into the substance that washes ashore until it’s found by some lucky bastard who can sell it for more per ounce than gold. Ambergris smells earthy, sweet, tobacco-like, and provides a roundness and depth to perfumes. Christian Dior Dioressence perfume was said to have been inspired by perfumer Guy Robert’s encounter with both real ambergris and a knock-off Miss Dior soap. (intothegloss.com)
Musk: Musk is used to extend the life of fragrances and to add a sensual feel, and perfumers now use a large array of synthetic musks in perfume that range from dark and animalic to fresh and laundry-like. Musk deer were once almost killed to extinction for their musk glands, which, when opened, had tiny grains of musk that were tinctured and used in perfume. Narcisco Rodriguez for Her was a recent popular clean musk scent. (intothegloss.com)
Vetiver: An essential oil steam-distilled from the roots of a tall grass native to India—though Haiti is now its largest producer. It has an earthy, peppery, lemony, dusty scent that has been used extensively in perfumery. Guerlain Vetiver and Hové Parfumerie Vetivert are two great examples of this important perfume note. (intothegloss.com)
ALCOHOL: Denatured ethyl alcohol is added to a fragrance compound to serve as the carrier. It modifies the fragrance intensity and makes application to the skin easier. Concentration of alcohol to perfume oils varies from perfumer to perfumer. (fragrance.org)
AMBERGRIS: Lumps of oxidized fatty compounds, whose precursors were secreted and expelled by the Sperm Whale. Ambergris is commonly referred to as “amber” in perfumery. (fragrance.org)
ATTAR (OTTO): From the ancient Persian word “to smell sweet.” Attar or otto refers to essential oil obtained by distillation and, in particular, that of the Bulgarian rose, an extremely precious perfumery material. (fragrance.org)
BLEND: Harmonious mixture of perfumery ingredients. (fragrance.org)
COUMARIN: A chemical compound with a sweet, distinctive vanilla-like odor with grassy elements. Found naturally in some plants, it may also be produced synthetically. It is used by perfumers as a base note to add warmth and depth. (fragrance.org)
DRY DOWN: The final phase of a fragrance – the character which appears several hours after application. Perfumers evaluate the base notes and the tenacity of the fragrance during this stage. (fragrance.org)
HYDROXYCITRONELLAL: A beautiful lily aromatic, this synthetic is widely used in perfumery, particularly as the basis of all fragrances in which lily is incorporated. (fragrance.org)
IONONES: One of the most valued synthetic perfume ingredients. They have a fresh, violet aroma and were first introduced into perfumery in 1936 in Violettes de Toulouse. (fragrance.org)
MODERN: In perfumery, the modern era began at the beginning of the 20th century when synthetic aroma chemicals such as aldehydes were first used. A modern fragrance is a harmonious creation of the perfumer based on new notes or harmonies often unknown in nature. (fragrance.org)
MOUILLETTES: Strips of odorless white blotting paper, which the perfumer uses to evaluate a scent as it develops. (fragrance.org)
MUGUET: The French term for Lily of the Valley. One of the three most used florals in perfumery. (fragrance.org)
ODOR MEMORY: The ability of a perfumer to hold, and bring to recall, hundreds of single perfume odors and odor blends. (fragrance.org)
PERFUME ORGAN: Refers to a unit of semi-circular stepped shelving containing hundreds of bottles of raw materials. Arrangement is in a way to assist the perfumer in the creation of perfume compositions. (fragrance.org)
PERFUMER’S PALETTE: The range of perfume ingredients from which a perfumer selects to use in the formulation of a perfume. There are 3400 raw materials available to perfumers – 400 naturals and 3000 synthetics. (fragrance.org)
PROFILE: A perfume or perfumed product profile is a description of the fragrance prepared by a marketer, which is given to a perfumer for inspiration and formulation. The profile contains all pertinent details in relation to marketing the new fragrance plan, type, name, package, color/theme, mood, impression, cost parameters, etc. (fragrance.org)
SIGNATURE: The ethereal mark of a fragrance that makes a distinct impression on those who encounter it. Some perfumers’ works contain a singular signature, which is as individual as a fingerprint. (fragrance.org)
SNYERGISM: The ability of certain perfumery ingredients to work together to produce an effect greater than the ingredients could achieve independently. (fragrance.org)
SNYTHETICS: Perfume ingredients that are produced by synthetic organic chemistry rather than bio-synthetically by a plant. In most cases the synthetic ingredients used in perfumery are nature identical, i.e., identical to the same molecule made by the plant. (fragrance.org)

English: hammam royal oud soap is infused with oud wood - one of the rarest and precious ingredients used in perfumery. this luxurious soap cleanses the skin with an indulgent, creamy lather. it makes your skin smooth and soft.
ترجمه به فارسی: صابون رویال عود حمام فارماسی حاوی چوب عود، یکی از کمیاب ترین و ارزشمندترین ترکیبات مورد استفاده در عطرسازی می باشد. این صابون پوست را با کف فراوان، پاک نموده و نرمی و لطافت روی پوست به جای می گذارد.

English: Hammam Royal Oud Soap is infused with oud wood - one of the rarest and precious ingredients used in perfumery. This luxurious soap cleanses the skin with an indulgent, creamy lather. It makes your skin smooth and soft.
ترجمه به فارسی: صابون رویال عود حمام فارماسی حاوی چوب عود، یکی از کمیاب ترین و ارزشمندترین ترکیبات مورد استفاده در عطرسازی می باشد. این صابون پوست را با کف فراوان، پاک نموده و نرمی و لطافت روی پوست به جای می گذارد.

book perfuming
کتاب مقدمه ای بر عطرسازی
cosmetic definition ctpa
تعریف رسمی محصولات آرایشی و بهداشتی: ماده یا ترکیبی از مواد که برای استفاده روی سطوح خارجی بخش های مختلف بدن انسان، اپیدرم، سیستم مو، ناخن، لب ها و بخش خارجی آلت تناسلی استفاده می شود یا با دندان ها و غشاء مخاطی دهان در ارتباط است و برای پاکسازی، معطرسازی، تغییرظاهر، تغییر بو و محافظت از آن ها و یا نگهداری آن ها در شرایط مطلوب استفاده می شود
history perfume
عطرسازی در مصر باستان
museum1
ادوات عطرسازی قدیم
perfume egypt
نقوش برجسته که نشان دهنده عطرسازی در مصر باستان می باشد.
ruins oldest perfume factory
ویرانه های به جا مانده از کارخانه عطرسازی قدیمی در شهر قبرس که در اثر زلزله ویران شد و برای قرن ها زیر خاک مدفون مانده بود و به تازگی کشف شد.
Ambergris has been used in some expensive perfumes as it allows scent to last longer
عامبرگیریس از گونه ایی از اسپرم وال به دست می آید. یکی از با ارزشترین مواد اولیه در عطرسازی است بسیار کمیاب بوده و در عطر سازی به عنوان تثبیت کننده استفاده میشود. ترکیباتی مثل تری ترپن الکل، عامبرین و اپیکوپروستانول و کوپروستانون در عامبرگیریس وجود دارد.
Labdanum resin is the most popular and most recognizably amber. Other resins often used are benzoin, balsam of peru, frankincense, myrrh
رزین لابدانوم یا عنبر پرطرفدار ترین نوع عنبر می باشد.رزین های دیگری مثل بنزوئین، بالزام پرو و کتیرا و مِر در عطرسازی استفاده میشود.


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