بیماری های پوست و مو: التهاب 

بیماری های پوست و مو: التهاب

نویسنده:

ehsan hosnani
گردآوری، ترجمه و نگارش: احسان حُسنانی
مهندس شیمی - مترجم و پژوهشگر صنایع آرایشی بهداشتی




چکیده: التهاب پاسخ بیولوژیکی پوست در اثر مواد محرک و کاتوژن ها است. التهاب نوعی واکنش دفاعی بدن برای از بین بردن عامل مسبب می باشد. احساس درد، سوزش و قرمزی از علائم التهاب هستند. اگر التهاب اتفاق نمی افتاد، بدن ما توسط باکتری ها از بین می رفت.
التهاب پاسخ بیولوژیکی بافت مویرگی بدن نسبت به تحریکات در اثر مواد محرک و پاتوژن ها. التهاب یک واکنش دفاعی بدن است که برای از بین بردن علت جراحت های سلول، سلول های مرده و بافت های آسیب دیده ایجاد می شود. علائم التهاب عبارتند از: درد، احساس داغی، قرمزی پوست، ورم و... اگر واکنش های التهابی اتفاق نیفتد، بافت های بدن در اثر عوامل محرک مثل باکتری ها از بین می رود. از طرفی التهابات مزمن به بیماری هایی مثل تب یونجه، تصلب شرایین و حتی سرطان می انجامد.

اثر التهاب فولیکول مو بر ریزش مو

التهاب مزمن فولیکول مو یکی از عوامل شناخته شده ریزش موی اندروژنتیک است. ریز التهابات فولیکولی نیز نقشی تکمیلی در این زمینه ایفا می کنند. واژه «ریزالتهاب» به این جهت پیشنهاد شده است که فرایند التهاب در ریزش موی اندروژنتیک بر خلاف «التهابات کلاسیک» یک پروسه آهسته، ظریف ، بدون درد و فاقد انرژی است. گرما، اصطکاک، پرتوهای فرابنفش و میکروارگانیسمهای طبیعی پوست از عوامل ایجاد کننده التهاب پوست سر می باشند.

• Inflammation 
STYRAX BENZOIN EXTRACT — Benzoin Gum, Benzoin Bark. Natural antiseptic and astringent with antioxidant and preser vative proper ties. Promotes healthy skin and scalp. A tincture is used in dentistr y to treat inflammation of gums. (INCI dictionary)
Pain relief has been reported after injection of BTX into hyperactive muscles. In addition, in animal models muscular pain induced by formalin can also be reduced by BTXA suggesting a direct analgesic effect.[18] In rabbit iris muscles and dorsal root ganglia neurons, substance P, a neuropeptide involved in pain reception and neurogenic inflammation, can be blocked together with acetylcholine. (J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2008 Jan; 1(1): 3–6.)
ASSA FOTETIDA ROOT EXTRACT: This root extract protects skin from UV light-derived free radicals that cause damage to skin cell DNA. These unstable molecules are the root cause of wrinkle formation, inflammation and skin sensitivity. (cellularskinrx.com)
CAROB SEED EXTRACT: Phyto-repair molecules restore the balance of natural regenerative skin systems depleted by age. Accelerates the recovery of stressed skin tissue. Reduces redness, inflammation. Skin's resilience, color, and volume are increased. (cellularskinrx.com)
CHLORELLA VULGARIS: Chlorella Vulgaris is a microalgae that stimulates collagen and elastin production while protecting these skin proteins from early cell death caused by inflammation enzymes elevated during stress. (cellularskinrx.com)
DARUTOSIDE: Also known as Siegesbeckia orientalis, Darutoside is a plant extract that is rich in emollients. By soothing the skin, decreasing inflammation, restoring collagen and promoting collagen production, this extract helps to improve skin elasticity and brightens surface appearance. Darutoside has been shown to stimulate tissue regeneration via collagen fibres which improves skin elasticity. (cellularskinrx.com)
MUNG BEAN SPROUT STEM CELLS: MMP enzymes have been identified as particularly damaging to the skin's extra-cellular matrix. Mung Bean Sprout Stem Cells protect collagen and the extra-cellular matrix from MMPs. The stem cells repair UV-damaged fibroblasts and reduce photo-induced inflammation that eventually leads to skin sensitivity and loss of elasticity. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
NIACINAMIDE: Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a potent cell-communicating ingredient that offers multiple benefits for aging skin. It stops the skin cells that produce pigment from transferring that pigment to surface skin cells, thereby minimizing unwanted dark spots. It is also an effective moisturizer helping the skin produce more ceramides and fatty acids, which are crucial components of your skin barrier. As that barrier is strengthened, skin is better able to keep moisture in and irritants out. Redness and inflammation are visibly reduced. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer and F*a*C*E Synergy Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
PALMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE 3: Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 has been clinically proven to suppress the body's production of interleukins (IL6), the chemical messengers that trigger inflammation, the first step in the aging cascade. Inflammation is a function of immunity and is a protective response to injury or destruction of tissue. This is the body's way of walling off the injurious agent and the injured tissue. Under normal circumstances, very little IL6 is secreted and its secretion is strictly controlled. However, as we age this regulation system develops defects, and significant levels of IL6 appear in the plasma even when there is no inflammatory stimulus. This results in high levels of inflammatory proteins in the tissues and a loss of healing potential. At concentrations from 10 ppm, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 induces a marked reduction in the secretion of the cytokine IL6. This reduction is progressive and depends on the concentration of the peptide: baseline secretion may be inhibited by up to 40%. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 reduced levels of IL6 after cells were exposed to UV radiation by up to 86% even though IL6 had been increased by about 20 fold by the UV. These results show that Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is able to affect baseline levels of IL6 as well as modulate the effects of UV-stimulated over-production of IL6. Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3 is marketed by Sederma as a molecule that can restore cytokine equilibrium, which characterizes youthful skin. (cellularskinrx.com)
RED ALGAE EXTRACT: This extract (hypnea musciformis) provides protection from glycation and cellular/skin tissue damage evidenced by stiff, dull skin. The extract reduces redness and inflammation by reducing the overproduction of TNF-a. It strengthens the skin barrier by inducing involucrin synthesis. MMP1 and MMP3 enzyme activation is limited - these are implicated in the degradation of the dermal matrix. Red algae is excellent at restoring skin's normal cellular matrix within 28 days. Elasticity, firmness, good skin tone are the result. Used in Firming Densifier Active Treatment Moisturizer. (cellularskinrx.com)
SEA WHIP: Sea Whip calms and soothes skin prone to irritation. Sea Whip provides the strongest soothing action of all sea plant-derived extracts. Helps to reduce visible redness and other signs of sensitivity. It inhibits 90% of inflammatory enzyme PLA2 which is known to trigger the skin's inflammation response that leads to redness, discomfort, and PIH (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation). Used in Calming BioLipid Repair Creme and Fluid. (cellularskinrx.com)
SOY PEPTIDES: Soy peptides stimulate fibroblast proliferation and increase collagen and elastin synthesis. This results in firmer-looking skin. Soy Peptides are used to help prevent proteinase activity (as a result of exposure to UV light and ozone) from degrading collagen bundles in the skin. They can also can help to lighten hyperpigmentation and act as an anti-irritant, reducing inflammation. Used in Eye Bright Treatment Serum. (cellularskinrx.com)
TOCOPHEROL: Tocopherol (better known as alpha-tocopherol or Vitamin E) is a powerful oil-soluble antioxidant. It protects skin from free radical damage caused by UV radiation. Additionally, it is an excellent moisturizer. It is used regularly to promote wound healing and to treat severe sunburn. Vitamin E reduces the inflammation and swelling associated with sunburn thus sparing the exposed skin any further internal damage which leads to premature aging. Used in F*a*C*E Synergy Serum, Intensive Eye Therapy Creme, and CSRx Lip Remodeling Treatment. (cellularskinrx.com)

• التهاب

مطلب قبلی: اریتما

مطلب بعدی: رزاسه

معادل انگلیسی اصطلاحات تخصصی این مطلب

1- فرابنفش = Ultraviolet
Ultraviolet ray = اشعه فرابنفش 

UV, Ultraviolet = پرتوهای فرابنفش

ultraviolet or uv radiation = پرتوهای فرابنفش 


تلفظ ultraviolet or uv radiation ↓
2- میکروارگانیسم = Microorganism میکروارگانیسم

fungus, eukaryotic organisms that includes unicellular microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as multicellular fungi = قارچ، ارگانیسم یوکاریوتیکی که شامل میکروارگانیسم های تک سلولی مثل مخمر و کپک و همچنین قارچ های چند سلولی می شود. 
3- سرطان = Cancer
Breast cancer = سرطان پستان 

carcinoma, cancer = سرطان

noncancerous = غیرسرطانی 

skin cancer = سرطان پوست
4- فولیکول مو = Hair Follicle
opening of a hair follicle = دهانه فولیکول های مو

pores, openings of hair follicles = منافذ پوستی، دهانه های فولیکول
فولیکول مو 


تلفظ hair follicle ↓


تلفظ hair follicles ↓


تلفظ hair follicles2 ↓
5- قرمزی = Redness قرمزی

rosacea, a very common skin disease that affects people over the age of 30. It causes redness on your nose, cheeks, chin, and forehead = رزاسه، بیماری رایج پوستی که افراد بالای 30 سال را تحت تأثیر قرار می دهد و با قرمزی روی بینی، گونه، چانه و پیشانی بروز می کند
6- باکتری ها = Bacteria
acne causing bacteria = باکتری های ایجاد کننده آکنه

antibacterial = ضد باکتری
باکتری ها

bacterial growth = رشد باکتریایی

Blemish causing bacteria = باکتری های ایجاد کننده لک پوست

negative-charged membrane of bacteria = باکتری ها را که دارای بار منفی 

pseudomonas, genus of Gram-negative bacteria = سودوموناس، گونه ای از باکتری های گرم نگاتیو

bacterial agents = عوامل باکتریایی


تلفظ bacteria ↓


تلفظ bacterial agents ↓
7- سلول های مرده = Dead Cells
8- مزمن = Chronic مزمن، کهنه، طولانی
مثل: التهاب مزمن پوست
9- کلاسیک = Classic کلاسیک
10- فرابنفش = Ultraviolet
Ultraviolet ray = اشعه فرابنفش 

UV, Ultraviolet = پرتوهای فرابنفش

ultraviolet or uv radiation = پرتوهای فرابنفش 


تلفظ ultraviolet or uv radiation ↓

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